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# :.

_,__,;

## Time Allowed : 2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTS:

1. Please write your Student Number only in the box above. Do not write your name.

2. This assessment paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises TWENTY -ONE
(21) printed pages.

## 3. Students are required to answer ALL FOUR (4) questions.

4. Students should write their answers in the space provided in this answer booklet.

## 5. This is a CLOSED-BOOK ASSESSMENT. Students are NOT allowed to bring in any

reference materials into the examination hall.

## Question Marks Maximum

Number Obtained Marks

1 25

2 25

3 25

4 25

Total 100
YA u~ .:l

"---"

QUESTION 1

A solid shaft which has a radius of 30 mm and length 2m is made of an elastic perfectly plastic
material. It is loaded by a slowly increasing torque Tp until a plastic zone has occurred partially
in the shaft. Derive an expression for the torque Tp.

## (b) the angle of twist if the torque is increased to 1.2 Ty,

(c) the residual shearing stress at the outer surface after the torque of 1.2 Ty is removed.
(25 marks)

DO NOT

WRIT E

ON T HIS

MARGI N
J.n V~ I

QUESTION 2

A rigid horizontal bar pivoted at the left-hand end is loaded by a point load Pat the right-hand
end as shown in Figure 2a. It is supported by a column, which is pinned at both ends and is
restrained at mid-height from in-plane (x-y plane) displacement, but free to deflect out-of-plane
(y-z plane). The column has a height of 300 mm and a rectangular cross-section of 5 x 15 mm
as shown in Figure 2b. Assuming a factor of safety of 1.5, determine the maximum allowable
load P that the column can support. Assume a Young' s modulus of200 GPa and a compressive
yield stress of 300 MPa.

State if buckling will occur in the x-y plane (in-plane) or y-z plane (out-of-plane).

2
d v +A-2v = 0
dx2

is given by:

## v = C1 sin llx + C2 cosllx

(25 marks)

100

i dimensions in mm

a a y
H

~}
150

300
X
cross -section at aa

Fig. 2b
150
z Fig. 2a

---------------4-~---------------------
c
Shear- stress distribution

## The torque in the bar above is given by :

Tp = J: r (2nr)dr -r + LR ry 2nr dr
2

(Elastic) (Plastic)

Tp = s: [r~r] 2
2nr dr + r Ty
2
2nr dr

c 0
lc
TP = -2Tr ry r 3dr + 2Trry JR r 2dr
c
4 2TC
1C { 3 3)
=-rye +-ry \R -c
2c 3
R3 c3
=2Trryl---
3 12
rg. -=-
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering

## ~,-ve11 -M td- "Zl' -= I fD M P~ G = ~ G fCL

....._ ~'( :::: zY
& -= I J-o
C"'~ ~> -~
= / f7j )(/(! "'rt'.t{

-:J"-- -II
J~c{
t = _L L4- =- {2 7~3 ?( 10t-
32- (}0 )'Y)Wl
t-

## Cl) -f-aY ~-v?t y/elcl. -foy-{ ueP

(y == tyc;_
:r
- Ly .T
Dy ly =- C
t-
- ;s-o xJ27-23 x'!O
30

-- 6.36 X/0~ N m M

b) C.,ve~ -+4tq;t
T :::.. I 2- T r ~ I 2- x 636 xiD ~
_{-
7 6J /(_ /0 1\JWI~

lrJe. -/(p,v-e
I -=- 2 IT Zy [--_g:_
3.
3
_- c3
12
J
- Ll\ /rD e~; - 3
C ]
/2-
=71/3 XI{
Ct)

## SetBy: ___________________________ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

rg. ?
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering

## Solution to Question No. I

~ c' )
c =- d114-VI1 ~
tA.S,-~j @-4 ~ Oy L
'oyL
(J= y
->
l-~?r>( IO >(~

11 1~

O J 1 m~

~-I 0

## C) 1/~ )-t C{) vevj s~ss- ~= l r

-r
r
7 63 :><tO X:. 30 N)n,.,..,2.-
&== t 2~ 23 X 10+

- ( fD N/rnYJ? v
~(.e._ -tk res,ofM.J 5'-t><s.r- 7~;-

## SetBy: _________________________ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___

cb'--'-
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering

## Solution to Question No. 2-

1-z
!;
r
-j.
h -_(l[_ - -<i

+
jz
')_..
'/---sec~&; t O,yeA -:: :. rJ<,r = 7J~ y>?rv]

i~)( --= _L x
{....
rx ' r"J-- f4-o6. :s Yl-lM f-

## Izz = ~~ tr-><-?:; is -6 ~ )lhYY\+

!I j1) tf ~~ ~p
.. ~rJ R I ~ 5; ~-ey ~ L-1, Jr Jr,-"' o'V1 of foYc.e.J'
f ,?(1-J = -f x 0 -J-
~ ~ f = 3p

---
F - DY
11 S .f,
-~~ f=- A?< uy.
= 7J- x 3qn_ AI

## SetBy: _________________________ Date:

------------
rg.__:::_
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering

## Solution to Question No. _ __

~s,-dpy
eWt-'f f~"~ ~ctt/,j

tf
/ j
f
(
I.

I
I
z -1-tj--"Z..
I l
'' \
)4.-

tf-
:i>LAYJ':f b~Acf:-),~"',j , ~ ><- s.-eciu;:"" n,~Te_( Dr~

## -t[~ _?( :1- -- cp< \ ~ ----J

I J-~x

% /b~
.....
ft' Y)'Y'l ~ ~Yl cl.{' ' ---1-lt_ )u,.q:llj ,~

31v~ ~ fc-rl
x14-oO:J
T~ 0//oo-Jq.b~ ~~-f.= , _
-
112
' S-f>( L 2...
- 'J.06 ~A/
c., >f d-iY ~ - f (p, '?-e h. C-[</,1, ok.n~:J lutcK )('j
--tiJ_ Cc / t1 m ., ~GI(/e_c I Z, fo 2 ~f-s/~ ~
n=-2

## SetBy: _________________________ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

.!;;L_
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering

## 2z. It.- Eizz

H~ k4tu~(:l0J I~ ~a( fc.y?.- :=.
L'-
~ o...lfe-Wc,.ble_ /et~..D{ - f = (cY&
1- S--f
4-11 '- E.L1--- -z.--
Sr ><- L-z--
- 4->'-.112-- S- ;<_!ft: 7-
-~~--
Sf=;< Lz_
.~<(f
s rYlce 1
t-*111 u (V\ f ~ >-rf. ~c.K)~ ~ ()CCrAY O,Yid ~
~c~lr:; /oc;,.J.. 15 !P'".;e11 bj
Pc yz_. = 1-"101'- ;>( ~Y-l~ >L ;_riJ.
S=f-,<: Lz..

## 41\1.- ')( 2--fs"DXIO> X;)/]. N

/ -.5' X 3<Jl>z...

9~t4- */\/
s ,~a ~ .b.uc/,~ lo~ 1 a,.( t- --(OV < /Y-(cN

3 - 3 -

## SetBy: __________________________ Date:

------------
' ,: ; _:' ,:.; ::-': :-;-;;; ~ '' . .:.. . ' ' ; . , 'I ~ n ~,,. ~ ':: :, ' ;' ,.,:.. .. .... .. ' ::. ,- _...... . .. ......:-~ t(:'-:-.'" "'"'"~-..., .. , .. ~ ~ r:-;-c :.-...; .. ~ ... : . ~ . . , ~ '" '.~.-.~~-:- . . .~

Pg. 4-

Set by:
I ........ ................ ..........:....:... ...............FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

## Course & Year: ....... 1.. ................. ..

Checked by: ..... .............. ............... .............. . Subject: .... .:.: .............. .. .... ........... ..

## Cnt Sl J .f ( c u1 eJ~~ "":{ ::;ec~ :x._ .

tf
l\)
1- w--<l}' Y11)('L
ff
R.t>~~ -eiJ n../.)n I-1 'VI 3/ve s
Mx.z +- f v ==- o
, J lv
f~. ri-J.z_ ::::: [;.:J -c;r:;_--v + PV ::::. o
dl v -y.. _p r;:;-
i1.
/.~
C/1_~.--- -t 7l v ::. 0 /)Ji!f>e ;{ :::- I)

## v .::: C s-~~~'~-- +- C2-- Co> A;<

~.c .
flt. X = 0 I v :: D - .. Ct..- ;: . . 0

## S' ~ ?\L ::: o

~- -e_ 0 7) l ::::: 7? 71 n ;: . 1, 2, ; . - - .

fi-enuz_ 1
'f ::- Yl
2
II,_ t. "l
LL-
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