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Determine the force in the members DF, DG, and EG for the Parker truss shown in Fig. P-430.

Support Reactions

R=12(1357)=472.5 kNR=12(1357)=472.5 kN

MG=0MG=0

10.5(25634FDF)+22.5(472.5)=15(135)+7.5(135)10.5(25634FDF)

+22.5(472.5)=15(135)+7.5(135)

FDF=728.40 kNFDF=728.40 kN

FDF=728.40 kN compressionFDF=728.40 kN compression answer

MD=0MD=0

9.6FEG+7.5(135)=15(472.5)9.6FEG+7.5(135)=15(472.5)

FEG=632.81 kN tensionFEG=632.81 kN tension answer

FV=0FV=0

321649FDG+2(135)=472.5+3634FDF321649FDG+2(135)=472.5+3634FDF

321649FDG+270=472.5+3634(728.40)321649FDG+270=472.5+3634(728.40)

Checking:

FH=0FH=0

FEG+251649FDG+25634FDF=0FEG+251649FDG+25634FDF=0

632.81+251649(146.84)+25634(728.40)=0632.81+251649(146.84)+25634(728.40)=0

0=00=0 (check!)

Problem 432

Use the method of sections to compute the force in members AB, AD, BC, and BD of the truss shown in

Fig. P-432.

MF=0MF=0

16RA=12(24)+8(36)16RA=12(24)+8(36)

RA=36 kNRA=36 kN

MD=0MD=0

3FBC+8(36)=4(24)3FBC+8(36)=4(24)

FBC=64 kNFBC=64 kN

FBC=64 kN compressionFBC=64 kN compression answer

ME=0ME=0

8(35FBD)+8(24)=12(36)8(35FBD)+8(24)=12(36)

FBD=50 kN tensionFBD=50 kN tension answer

MB=0MB=0

3(45FAD)+4(35FAD)=4(36)3(45FAD)+4(35FAD)=4(36)

245FAD=144245FAD=144

FV=0FV=0

997FAB+35FAD+36=0997FAB+35FAD+36=0

997FAB+35(30)+36=0997FAB+35(30)+36=0

FAB=59.09 kNFAB=59.09 kN

FAB=59.09 kN compressionFAB=59.09 kN compression answer

Problem 433

Compute the forces in bars AB, AC, DF, and DE of the scissors truss shown in Fig. P433.

By symmetry

RA=RJ=12(125)=30 kNRA=RJ=12(125)=30 kN

a10=2415a10=2415

a=16 ma=16 m

b15=a20b15=a20

b15=1620b15=1620

b=12 mb=12 m

FH=0FH=0

589FAB+541FAC=0589FAB+541FAC=0 Equation (1)

FV=0FV=0

889FAB+489FAC+30=0889FAB+489FAC+30=0

FAB=70.75 kN=70.75 kN compressionFAB=70.75 kN=70.75 kN compression answer

ME=0ME=0

(2412)(589FDF)+15(30)=5(12)+10(12)(2412)(589FDF)+15(30)=5(12)+10(12)

FDF=9289 kNFDF=9289 kN

FDF=42.45 kN compressionFDF=42.45 kN compression answer

MA=0MA=0

30(441FDE)+10(12)+5(12)=030(441FDE)+10(12)+5(12)=0

FDE=3241 kNFDE=3241 kN

FDE=9.60 kN compressionFDE=9.60 kN compression answer

Problem 434

Compute the force in bars GI, GH, EH, and HI for the scissors truss shown in Fig. P-433.

By symmetry

RA=RJ=12(125)=30 kNRA=RJ=12(125)=30 kN

a10=2415a10=2415 b15=a20b15=a20 c5=2415c5=2415

a=16 ma=16 m b15=1620b15=1620 c=8 mc=8 m

From FBD Through Section M-M

MH=0MH=0

5(889FGI)+10(30)=5(12)5(889FGI)+10(30)=5(12)

FGI=689 kNFGI=689 kN

FGI=56.60 kN compressionFGI=56.60 kN compression answer

MJ=0MJ=0

10FGH=5(12)10FGH=5(12)

FGH=6 kN tensionFGH=6 kN tension answer

MG=0MG=0

(168)(541FEH)+5(12)=10(30)(168)(541FEH)+5(12)=10(30)

MJ=0MJ=0

8FHI+5(12)=08FHI+5(12)=0

FHI=7.5 kNFHI=7.5 kN

FHI=7.5 kN compressionFHI=7.5 kN compression answer

Problem 435

For the transmission tower shown in Fig. P-435, determine the force in member CJ.

a=12[2(8.5)5]=6 ma=12[2(8.5)5]=6 m

b=13a=13(6)=2 mb=13a=13(6)=2 m

c=12(5)+b=2.5+2=4.5 mc=12(5)+b=2.5+2=4.5 m

MG=0MG=0

2(4.5+2)(310FBC)=12(7.8)2(4.5+2)(310FBC)=12(7.8)

Section Through N-N

MF=0MF=0

9(45)FCJ+9(310)(12510)=6(7.8)9(45)FCJ+9(310)(12510)=6(7.8)

Problem 436

In Figure P-420, assume that counter diagonals act from B to E and from E to F in addition to the counter

diagonals CD and DG shown in the figure. Assuming that these counter diagonals can support tension

only, determine which diagonals are acting and the force in each.

Without the diagonals:

Fv=19080=110 kN upwardFv=19080=110 kN upward

This 110 kN force must be countered by downward components of the diagonals. Member CD will

be in compression. Since diagonals can support only tension, the force in member CD must be

zero. The acting diagonal therefore is member BE.

Fv=0Fv=0

35FBE+80=19035FBE+80=190

Without the diagonals:

Fv=19080200=90 kN=90 kN downwardFv=19080200=90 kN=90 kN downward

Since Fv is downward, the counter diagonals must act upward. DG is in compression and therefore

redundant, the acting member is the diagonal EF.

Fv=0Fv=0

35FEF+190=80+20035FEF+190=80+200

Problem 437

The center panel of the truss in Figure P-437 contains two flexible cables. What load P will cause a

compressive force of 20 kN in BD? Then determine which tension diagonal BE or CD is acting and the

force in it.

Without the counter diagonals (in reference to the figure below)

Fv=23PP=13P upwardFv=23PP=13P upward

Upward force is needed to put the downward P/3 into equilibrium. The vertical component of a diagonal

will provide the equilibrant force. Since the needed equilibrant is upward, BE will be in compression, thus,

redundant. The acting member (diagonal in tension) therefore is CD.

MC=0MC=0

23P(L)=20L23P(L)=20L

23P=2023P=20

FV=0FV=0

FCDsin45+23P=PFCDsin45+23P=P

FCDsin45=13PFCDsin45=13P

FCDsin45=13(30)FCDsin45=13(30)

FCD=102 kN=14.14 kNFCD=102 kN=14.14 kN answer

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