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Matiene

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(RedirectedfromMatieni)

MatienewasthenameofakingdominnorthwesternIran[1][2]on
thelandsoftheearlierkingdomoftheMannae.Ancienthistorians
includingStrabo,Ptolemy,Herodotus,Polybius,andPliny,mention
namessuchasMantiane,Martiane,Matiane,Matiene,to
designatearegionlocatedtothenorthwestofMedia."[3]

Contents[hide]
1 Etymology
2 History
3 Geographyandpopulation
4 References LocationofMatiene,betweenCorduene
andAtropatene

Etymology [ edit ]

ThenameMatieneisbelievedtoberelatedtoMitanniwhichwas
foundedbyanIndoAryanrulingclassgoverning
theHurrianpopulation.[4]ThenameMatienewasappliedalsoto
theneighboringLakeMatianus(LakeUrmia)locatedimmediately
totheeastoftheMatienipeople.

History [ edit ]

TheMannaeanswhoprobablyspokeaHurroUrartianlanguage,
weresubduedbytheScythoKimmeriansduringtheseventhand
eighthcenturiesBC.Matienewasultimatelyconqueredby
theMedesinabout609BCE.

MatienebecameasatrapyoftheMedianEmpireuntilthePersian
conquest,whenalongsideoftheKartveliantribesSaspiresand
Alaradians(remnantsofUrartians)itbecameapartoftheXVIII LocationofMatiene
satrapyoftheAchaemenidEmpire.

Geography and population [ edit ]

ThelandofMatienewastwicethesizeofArmeniaanditwas
surroundedtothenorthbyArmenia,totheeastbyMedia,tothe
southbySusiana,andtothewestbyAssyria.Itschiefcitywas
MatiatiaroundLakeVan.ThereseemstobeanotherMatiane
locatedincentralAsiaMinor.

CimmeriansweresaidtohaveoriginatedfromtheMatiani
byHerodotus,movingwestintoAnatoliaalongthesouthshoreof
theBlackSea.Herodotusalsosaidthatlater,inMediantimes, LocationofMatiene,southofArmenia
therewasasecondsitecalledMatiene,alongtheeasternshoreof
theHalysriverinnorthwesternCappadociaacrosstheriverfrom
thePhrygians.[5]Hestatedtheyworethesameuniformas
thePaphlagoniansintheMedianandPersianarmies,meaning
theirunitswerecombinedwiththePaphlagonians.Itisnotatall
clearwhetherthesewesternMatieniweredescendantsofthe
Cimmerians,agroupofPaphlagoniansjustcalledbythisname,
actual(eastern)MatieniwhomigratedwestfromMatieneontheir
own,oraMedianmilitarycolonyontheborderwithPhrygiaand
latertheLydianempire.

LocationofMatiene,westofLakeUrmia
References [ edit ]

1.^TheCambridgehistoryofIran,Volume2byWilliamBayne
Fisher,IlyaGershevitch,EhsanYarShater,PeterAvery,pages256257
2.^ArchaeologyatthenortheastAnatolianfrontier,I.:anhistoricalgeographyandafieldsurveyoftheBayburt
ProvincebyA.G.Sagona,ClaudiaSagona,pages4148
3.^HistoryoftheMedes
4.^Bromiley,GeoffreyW.InternationalStandardBibleEncyclopedia:EJ .p.785.
5.^ThehistoryofHerodotus,Volume1byTalboysandWheeler,1824page38

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