You are on page 1of 13

NATURAL SCIENCE VOCABULARY - UNIT 4: VERTEBRATES

Zoologists: Zologo Birds


Flightless birds ave que no
Animals can be: pueden volar
Vertebrates: Vertebrados Waterfowl ave acutica
Invertebrates: Invertebrados Birds of prey ave de rapia
Song birds ave meldica
According to the food they eat:
Carnivores Carnvoros Feathers Plumas
Herbivores Herbvoros Wings Alas
Omnivores Omnvoros Beak Pico
Scavengers Carroeros Lay eggs Poner huevos
Decomposers Incubate Incubar
Descomponedores
Reptiles
According to how they reproduce: scales Escamas
Viviparous Vivparo/a Venom Veneno
oviparous Ovparo/a Fangs Colmillos
Shell Concha
Vertebrates Bare skin Piel desnuda
Mammals Mamferos
Birds Aves Amphibians and fish
Reptiles Reptiles hind legs Patas traseras
Amphibians and fish Anfibios y Gills Agallas
peces Fins Aletas
Scalesescamas
Mammals Bony fish Peces con esqueleto
Carnivores Carnvoros Cartilaginous fish Peces con
Mammals with hooves cartlago
mamferos con pezuas
Primates Primates
Cetacean Cetceo

Hair Pelo
Fur Pelo/ pelaje
Sharp teeth Dientes afilados
Hooves Pezuas
Claws Garras
Fins Aletas
Tail Cola
Blowhole Espirculo
VERTEBRATES - Animals that have got a spinal column
MAMMALS - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with fur and are
viviparous
Carnivores - Mammals that hunt other animals to eat. They have sharp teeth and claws
Mammals with hooves - Terrestrial mammals that have hooves in their feet
Primates - Terrestrial mammals that have fingers and toes to hold things
Cetaceans - Aquatic mammals that have fins and a tail to move. They also have a blowhole to
breathe in the surface of water

BIRDS - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with feathers and are
oviparous
Flightless birds - Birds that cannot fly because their wings are short. Their legs are strong
Waterfowl - Birds that are able to swim. They have a special membrane in their feet to go
faster
Birds of prey - Birds that hunt other animals to eat. Their beak is hooked and strong and they
have claws
Songbirds - Small birds with small beaks

REPTILES - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with scales and are
oviparous
Lizards - Reptiles with long body and long tail. Some of them can get rid of the tail if they feel
threatened
Snakes - Reptiles with a long body and no legs. Some of them can inject venom with their
fangs.
Crocodiles - Reptiles with a long body and tail and legs. They are carnivorous and are covered
with hard scales.
Tortoises - Reptiles protected with a shell. They are terrestrial
Turtles - Reptiles protected with a shell. They are aquatic

FISH - Vertebrates that breath with gills, are covered with scales and are oviparous. They
are aquatic
Bony fish - Fish with a hard skeleton
Cartilaginous fish - Fish with a skeleton made of something that is more flexible than bone

AMPHIBIANS - Vertebrates that breath with their lungs and through the skin, have bare
skin and are oviparous
Amphibians with tail - Amphibians with a long body, four short legs and a tail
Amphibians without tail - Amphibians with strong hind legs to jump
Tadpoles - Baby amphibians that live in water and move with a tail
Metamorphosis - The process that amphibians develop to change from a tadpole to an adult
amphibian.
STUDY
VERTEBRATES - Animals that have got a spinal column
MAMMALS - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with fur and are
viviparous
Carnivores - Mammals that hunt other animals to eat. They have sharp teeth and claws
Mammals with hooves - Terrestrial mammals that have hooves in their feet
Primates - Terrestrial mammals that have fingers and toes to hold things
Cetaceans - Aquatic mammals that have fins and a tail to move. They also have a
blowhole to breathe in the surface of water

1. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES:


______________ - Animals that have got a spinal column
MAMMALS - Vertebrates that ______________ with their lungs, are covered with
______________ and are ______________
______________ - Mammals that hunt other animals to eat. They have
______________ and ______________
Mammals ______________- Terrestrial mammals that have hooves in
______________
Primates - ______________ mammals that have ______________ and
______________ to hold things
______________ - Aquatic mammals that have ______________ and a
______________ to move. They also have a blowhole to ______________ in the surface
of water.

2. DEFINE WITH YOUR OWN WORDS:


VERTEBRATES: _________________________________________________
MAMMALS: _________________________________________________
CARNIVORES: _________________________________________________
MAMMALS WITH HOOVES: ______________________________________
PRIMATES: _________________________________________________
CETACEANS: _________________________________________________

3. WRITE THE NAMES OF THE FOLLOWING ANIMALS:

__________ - Animals that have got a spinal column


__________ - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with fur and are
viviparous
__________ - Mammals that hunt other animals to eat. They have sharp teeth and
claws
____________________- Terrestrial mammals that have hooves in their feet
__________ - Terrestrial mammals that have fingers and toes to hold things
__________: Aquatic mammals that have fins and a tail to move. They also have a
blowhole to breathe in the surface of water

4. NAME THE PARTS OF THE FOLLOWING MAMMALS

5. WRITE, AT LEAST, TWO EXAMPLE OF EACH MAMMAL CATEGORIES:


CARNIVORES: __________________________
PRIMATES: ____________________________
MAMMALS WITH HOOVES: ____________________________
CETACEANS: ____________________________

6. CLASIFY THE FOLLOWING PARTS OF THE BODY TO THE TYPE OF MAMMAL


THEY BELONG TO:
Sharp teeth Hooves Lungs Toes Claws Tail
Fins Legs Blowhole Hair or fur Fingers

CARNIVORES PRIMATES CETACEANS MAMMALS ALL MAMMALS


WITH HOOVES
STUDY
BIRDS - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with feathers and are
oviparous
Flightless birds - Birds that cannot fly because their wings are short. Their legs are strong
Waterfowl - Birds that are able to swim. They have a special membrane in their feet to go
faster
Birds of prey - Birds that hunt other animals to eat. Their beak is hooked and strong and they
have claws
Songbirds - Small birds with small beaks

1. COMPLETE:
___________ - Vertebrates that ___________ with their ___________, are
covered with ___________ and are ___________
___________ birds - Birds that cannot fly because their ___________ are short. Their
legs are ___________
___________ - Birds that are able to swim. They have a special ___________ in their
feet to go faster
Birds of prey - Birds that ___________ other animals to eat. Their beak is ___________
and strong and they have ___________
Songbirds - Small birds with small ___________

2. WRITE THE NAMES OF THE FOLLOWING ANIMALS:


___________ - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with feathers
and are oviparous
___________- Birds that cannot fly because their wings are short. Their legs are strong
___________- Birds that are able to swim. They have a special membrane in their feet to
go faster
___________- Birds that hunt other animals to eat. Their beak is hooked and strong and
they have claws
___________ - Small birds with small beaks

3. DEFINE WITH YOUR OWN WORDS:


Birds : _________________________________________________
Flightless birds : _________________________________________________
Waterfowl : _________________________________________________
Birds of prey - : _________________________________________________
Songbirds - : _________________________________________________
4. NAME THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF A BIRD:

5. WRITE THE CLASSIFICATION OF BIRDS, AND, AT LEAST, TWO EXAMPLES OF EACH


CATEGORY

1_

2_

3_

4_

6. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE WITH THE SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH


TYPE OF BIRD:

Sharp claws Cant fly Hooked beaks Membrane in their feet They hunt
Strong legs Can swim Small wings Short beaks Carnivores
FLIGHTLESS BIRDS WATERFOWL BIRDS OF PREY SONGBIRDS

STUDY
REPTILES - Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with
scales and are oviparous
Lizards - Reptiles with long body and long tail. Some of them can get rid of the tail if they feel
threatened
Snakes - Reptiles with a long body and no legs. Some of them can inject venom with their
fangs.
Crocodiles - Reptiles with a long body and tail and legs. They are carnivorous and are covered
with hard scales.
Tortoises - Reptiles protected with a shell. They are terrestrial
Turtles - Reptiles protected with a shell. They are aquatic

1. COMPLETE:
REPTILES - Vertebrates that ___________ with their ___________, are covered with
___________ and are ___________
Lizards - Reptiles with long ___________ and long ___________. Some of them can
___________ the tail if they feel ___________
Snakes - Reptiles with a long body and no ___________. Some of them can inject
___________ with their ___________.
Crocodiles - Reptiles with a long ___________ and tail and legs. They are ___________
and are covered with ___________ scales.
Tortoises - Reptiles protected with a ___________. They are ___________
Turtles - Reptiles protected with a ___________. They are ___________

2. MATCH THE ANIMAL WITH ITS DEFINITION:

SNAKES CROCODILES REPTILES TURTLES TORTOISES LIZARDS

___________- Reptiles protected with a shell. They are terrestrial


___________- Reptiles with a long body and no legs. Some of them can inject venom with
their fangs.
___________- Reptiles with long body and long tail. Some of them can get rid of the tail if
they feel threatened
___________- Reptiles protected with a shell. They are aquatic
___________- Vertebrates that breathe with their lungs, are covered with scales and are
oviparous
___________- Reptiles with a long body and tail and legs. They are carnivorous and are
covered with hard scales.

3. DEFINE WITH YOUR OWN WORDS:


REPTILES - : _________________________________________________
LIZARDS - :
_________________________________________________
SNAKES : _________________________________________________
CROCODILES - : _________________________________________________
TORTOISES - : _________________________________________________
TURTLES - : _________________________________________________

4. WRITE WHAT KIND OF REPTILE ARE THE FOLLOWING ANIMALS:

5. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE WITH THE SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF


EACH TYPE OF REPTILE:

Carnivorous No legs Short legs Long tail Hard scales They slither
Terrestrial Have venom Shell Fangs Long body Scales
Get rid of their tail Aquatic

LIZARDS SNAKES CROCODILES TORTOISES TURTLE

STUDY
FISH - Vertebrates that breath with gills, are covered with scales and
are oviparous. They are aquatic
Bony fish - Fish with a hard skeleton
Cartilaginous fish - Fish with a skeleton made of cartilage

AMPHIBIANS - Vertebrates that breath with their lungs and through the skin, have bare
skin and are oviparous
Amphibians with tail - Amphibians with a long body, four short legs and a tail
Amphibians without tail - Amphibians with strong hind legs to jump
Tadpoles - Baby amphibians that live in water and move with a tail
Metamorphosis - The process that amphibians develop to change from a tadpole to an adult
amphibian.

1. COMPLETE THE DEFINITIONS:


FISH - Vertebrates that breath with __________, are covered with __________ and are
__________. They are __________
__________ fish- Fish with a hard __________
__________ fish - Fish with a skeleton made of cartilage
__________ - Vertebrates that breath with their __________ and through __________,
have __________skin and are __________
Amphibians with __________ - Amphibians with a long body, four short __________ and a
tail
Amphibians without __________ - Amphibians with strong __________ legs to jump
Tadpoles - __________ amphibians that live in __________ and move with a __________
__________ - The process that amphibians develop to change from a tadpole to an adult
amphibian.

2. DEFINE WITH YOUR OWN WORDS:


FISH - ________________________________________________________________
BONY FISH - __________________________________________________________
CARTILAGINOUS FISH - ________________________________________________
AMPHIBIANS - ________________________________________________________
AMPHIBIANS WITH TAIL - ______________________________________________
AMPHIBIANS WITHOUT TAIL - ___________________________________________
TADPOLES - ___________________________________________________________
METAMORPHOSIS - _____________________________________________________

3. COMPLETE THE PICTURES WITH THEIR BODY PARTS:


4. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE WITH THE SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
EACH TYPE OF ANIMAL:

FISH BONY AMPHIBIAN WITH TAIL


S

CARTILAGINOUS WITHOUT TAIL

TADPOLES
EXAM

1. USE THE COLOUR KEY AND CIRCLE THE ANIMALS. WRITE THEIR NAMES, TOO.

mammal red bird yellow reptile green

amphibian orange fish blue

2. COMPLETE THE TABLE ABOUT VERTEBRATES.

mammals birds reptiles amphibians fish

body scale
covering s
reproduction oviparous

breathing lungs

habit terrestrial
at

3. COMPLETE THE WORDS USING THE CLUES.

a. Parts of the body that allow fish to move. s

b. Carnivore birds with sharp claws and beak. p

c. Aquatic mammals. c

d. Process of changes in amphibians. m


4. TICK () THE CORRECT GROUPS.

mammals birds reptile amphibians fish


s
They are viviparous.

They are oviparous.

They breathe through lungs.

They breathe through gills.

They breathe through the


skin.
They have hair or fur.

They have scales.

They have feathers.

They have bare skin.