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Hayder Al-lami, Shawn Smith, Alexa Mier, Summer Thomas, April Alexander

Jinnell Killingsworth


February 16, 2017

Annotated Bibliography

Bravin, J. (2016, Jun 23). U.S. supreme court deadlock blocks Obama'

immigration plan; split leaves intact lower-court ruling against plan but establishes no

precedent. Wall Street Journal (Online) Retrieved from


This article is an educational journal. It is written by Jess Bravin, a supreme court

correspondent for the wall street journal, Bravin has written many articles and has

received many awards for his works including being His work has been recognized with

the Elizabeth Neuffer Memorial Prize, for coverage of the International Criminal Court

and the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award, Bravin had written publications

for many other journals including the Washington post, Bravin also went to law school

and served as a member of the University of California Board of Regents and the

Berkeley, California. The article itself details the aftermath of president Barrack Obamas

plans to defer deportation and normalized immigration; the article also details the many

roadblocks put up by the supreme court and how the law if passed would have helped and

aided illegal immigrants to becoming citizens.The ways this article will be used, is to

give an example of ways to combat illegal immigration while helping the immigrants and
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give a brief understanding and history of one of the most relevant ways the bill was

fought for.

Macdonald, John M., et al. The Effects of Immigrant Concentration on Changes in

Neighborhood Crime Rates. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, vol. 29, no. 2, Feb.

2012, pp. 191215. doi:10.1007/s10940-012-9176-8.

The Journal of Quantitative Criminology speaks about the effect of immigration and any

possible correlation between crime rates. The authors of this article have done research to

indicate that there is no correlation between the concentration of immigrants and an

increasing crime rate. Contrary to common thinking, areas with high concentrations of

immigrants tend to have a lower crime rate. John M. Macdonald, one of the authors, has

Ph.D. in Criminology which he obtained from the University of Maryland. He has been

studying his concentration since 1994. Macdonald also has a B.A in Political Science.

This source will help prove that, Senate Bill 108, is designed to combat and lessen a

problem that is non-existent, therefore making it useless and encroaching upon tax payer


Chacon, Justin Akers, et al. No one is illegal: fighting violence and state repression on the U.S.-

Mexico border. Chicago, IL, Haymarket Books, 2006.

This source is a book that discusses the illegal immigrants in the United States. No One is

Illegal is a combined effort between authors Justin Akers Chacon and Mike Davis. The

book exposes the racist intent behind anti-immigrant vigilantes and puts a human face on

the immigrants who risk their lives daily to cross the American border and work in the
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country. Chacon and Davis show readers the thoughts and ideas hidden behind the often

violent right-wing reaction against immigrants. Their research reveals the deep roots of

hatred within U.S. History and documents the new civil rights movement. Justin Akers

Chacon is a professor of U.S. History and Chicano Studies in San Diego, California. He

has contributed to the International Socialist Review and Immigration. Mike Davis is a

teacher in the Department of History at the University of California at Irvine. We will use

this book in our website on the background of the Senate Bill 108.

Chomsky, Aviva. Undocumented How Immigration Became Illegal. Boston: Beacon, 2014. P

Undocumented is a book by Aviva Chomsky that details what being undocumented means, and

how it affects humans that are here in the United States Illegally. This book also has facts based

on research on how families with children go through to make a living in the states. Chomsky

also describes how much immigrants help the economy with employment and social services.

What makes Aviva Chomsky a good source would be the amount of work that she has done

including her published books about immigration, she is also a professor at Salem State

University, a activist and the coordinator of Latin American & Latino and Caribbean studies.

What makes this source a great one would be the information that Chomsky has published in her

book. Using this information about immigration by describing the benefits that illegal

immigrants bring to the states and why it would be unfair to charge them with more punishment

than a citizen who is here legally.

Vital Speeches of the Day. Oct2016, Vol. 82 Issue 10, p286-290. 5p.
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This article talk about a speech by Donald Trump, Republican candidate for president of

the U.S. delivered in Phoenix, Arizona, on August 31, 2016. Topics of the speech

included the challenges of immigration in Phoenix, contribution of the Mexican-

American citizens on the creation of a new intentional relationship between Mexico and

Phoenix, and government laws and policies on the improvement of immigration system.