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IRREGULAR VERBS

MEANING INFINITIVE PAST PAST


PARTICIPLE
ser / estar be was / were been
nacer be born was / were born been born
soportar /portar bear bore borne
batir /derrotar beat beat beaten
convertirse /llegar a ser become became become
comenzar begin began begun
curvar /inclinar/curvarse bend bent bent
apostar bet$ on bet / betted bet / betted
morder / picar bite bit bitten
sangrar bleed bled bled
bendecir bless blessed / blest blessed / blest
soplar blow blew blown
explotar blow up blew up blown up
romper / quebrar break broke broken
romper :relacin break up broke up broken up
criar breed bred bred
traer bring brought brought
transmitir broadcast broadcast broadcast
edificar build built built
quemar / arder burn burnt burnt
estallar burst burst burst
comprar buy bought bought
atrapar catch caught caught
venir come came come
acercarse come up to came up to come up to
costar cost cost cost
arrastrarse creep crept crept
cortar cut cut cut
atreverse dare dared dared
tratar /negociar deal dealt dealt
cavar dig dug dug
bucear dive dived / dove dived
hacer do did done
dibujar draw drew drawn
soar dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed
beber drink drank drunk
conducir drive drove driven
comer eat ate eaten
caer fall fell fallen
MEANING INFINITIVE PAST PAST
PARTICIPLE
enamorarse fall in love fell in love fallen in love
alimentar feed fed fed
sentir feel felt felt
pelear fight fought fought
encontrar find found found
descubrir find out found out found out
huir flee fled fled
volar fly flew flown
prohibir forbid forbade forbidden
pronosticar forecast forecast forecast
prever foresee foresaw foreseen
predecir foretell foretold foretold
olvidar forget forgot forgotten
perdonar forgive forgave forgiven
congelar freeze froze frozen
obtener / conseguir get got got
levantarse get up got up got up
dar give gave given
abandonar give up gave up given up
ir go went gone
continuar go on went on gone on
moler grind ground ground
crecer/ cultivar grow grew grown
colgar hang hung hung
tener have had had
tener que have to had to had to
desayunar have breakfast had breakfast had breakfast
almorzar have lunch had lunch had lunch
merendar have tea had had tea
cenar have dinner had dinner had dinner
oir hear hread heard
esconder hide hid hidden
golpear hit hit hit
sostener hold held held
herir /doler hurt hurt hurt
mantener /guardar keep kept kept
arrodillarse kneel knelt knelt
saber /conocer know knew known
poner / colocar lay laid laid
llevar / guiar lead led led
inclinarse lean leant /leaned leant /leaned
saltar leap leapt /leaped leapt /leaped
MEANING INFINITIVE PAST PAST
PARTICIPLE

aprender learn learnt learnt


dejar, partir irse leave left left
prestar lend lent lent

permitir let let let


acostarse lie lay lain
encender light lit lit
perder lose lost lost
hacer / construir make mage made
poder(verbo defectivo)* may*(present only) might* ---------- *
significar/querer decir mean meant meant
encontrarse / reunirse meet met met
deber(obligation)* must (present only) had to* --------
guiar mal mislead misled misled
deletrear o escribir mal misspell misspelt /misspelled misspelt/ misspelled
malgastar misspend misspent misspent
errar /equivocar mistake mistook mistaken
malentender misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood
vencer/superar dificultades overcome overcame overcome
quedarse dormido oversleep overslept overslept
alcanzar/ponerse a nivel overtake overtook overtaken
con...
pagar pay paid paid
probar/dar prueba de prove proved proved/ proven (USA)
poner put put put
leer read read read
montar animal /conducir ride rode ridden
bici. o moto de baja cilindrada
sonar ring rang rung
levantar/elevar rise rose risen
correr run ran run
aserrar /serruchar saw sawed sawn /sawed
decir say said said
ver see saw seen
buscar seek sought sought
vender sell sold sold
colocar /instalar set set set
coser sew sewed sewn /sewed
sacudir / temblar shake shook shaken
desprender/pelechar shed shed shed
brillar shine shone shone
herrar( a un animal) shoe shoed /shod shoed /shod
disparar (arma) shoot shot shot
PAST
MEANING INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE
mostrar show showed shown
encoger shrink shrank shrunk
cerrar shut shut shut
cantar sing sang sung
hundir sink sank sunk
sentarse sit sat sat
matar con violencia slay slew slain
dormir sleep slept slept
deslizar/ resbalar slide slid slid
oscilar/arrojar con honda sling slung slung
oler /olfatear smell smelt smelt
sembrar sow sowed sown /sowed
hablar speak spoke speaken
ir a gran velocidad speed sped sped
deletrear spell spelt spelt
pasar tiempo/gastar dinero spend spent spent
derramar spill spilt / (USA: spilled) spilt / (USA :spilled)
hilar /hacer girar spin spun /span spun
salivar spit spat spat
partir /rajar/dividir split split split
arruinar spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt
esparcir spread spread spread
brincar spring sprang (USA:sprung) sprung
ponerse de pie stand stood stood
robar / hurtar steal stole stolen
peger / adherir stick stuck stuck
picar /pinchar/aguijonear sting stung stung
caminar a trancos stride strode stridden
golpear/pegar/percutir strike struck struck
encordar /ensartar /enhebrar string strung strung
esforzarse /disputar/ competir strive strove striven
jurar/blasfemar /insultar swear swore sworn
barrer sweep swept swept
hinchar /inflamarse swell swelled swollen /swelled
nadar swim swam swum
amarcar/balacear/mecer swing swung swung
tomar /llevar take took taken
ensear teach taught taught
rasgar / hacer girones tear tore torn
contar / decir tell told told
pensar think thought thought
prosperar /crecer con thrive thrived /throve thrived
vigor
arrojar throw threw thrown
MEANING INFINITIVE PAST PAST
PARTICIPLE
embestir / atravesar thrust thrust thrust
pisotear tread trod trodden
desacer / desatar undo undid undone
enderezar unbend unbent unbent
sufrir / padecer undergo underwent undergone
entender / comprender understand understood understood
emprender undertake undertook undertaken
/comprometerse a..
devanar hilo /desenredar unwind unwound unwound
sostener/apoyar/defender uphold upheld upheld
turbar/molestar/volcar upset upset upset
despertar wake up woke up woken up
vestir / usar wear wore worn
tejer /entrelazar weave wove woven
casarse wed wedded /wed wedded /wed
llorar weep wept wept
mojar /humedecer wet wetted /wet wetted /wet
ovillar / dar cuerda wind / uind/ wound wound
ganar( por azar o win won won
competencia)
retirarse/ retroceder/ withdraw withdrew withdrawn
retractarse

retorcer /extrujar / wring wrung wrung


exprimir
escribir write wrote written