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Approval Date: December 2, 1990

See Numeric Index for expiration
and any reaffirmation dates.

Case 1968-1 (1) During the first pressurization cycle, any rapid
Use of Acoustic Emission Examination in Lieu of increase in AE events or any rapid increase in AE
Radiography count rate shall require a pressure hold. If either of
Section VIII, Division 1 these conditions continues during the pressure hold, the
pressure shall be immediately reduced to atmospheric
Inquiry: Under what conditions and limitations may pressure and the cause determined.
an acoustic emission (AE) examination conducted dur- (2) During the second pressurization cycle, the
ing the hydrostatic test be used in lieu of radiography requirements of (f)(1) above shall apply and, in addition,
(RT), when radiography in accordance with UW-51 is the following AE indications shall be unacceptable:
required by UW-11 of Section VIII, Division 1, for (a) any AE event during any pressure hold;
the circumferential closure weld in pressure vessels? (b) any single AE event that produces more
than 500 counts, or that produces a signal attribute
Reply: It is the opinion of the Committee that the equivalent to 500 counts;
circumferential closure weld in pressure vessels may (c) six or more AE events detected by any
be examined using the acoustic emission (AE) method single sensor;
in lieu of radiography (RT) provided that all of the (d) three or more AE events from any circular
following requirements are met. area whose diameter is equal to the weld thickness or
(a) The materials of construction shall be P-No. 1 1 in., whichever is greater;
Group 1 or Group 2 and the weld thickness shall not (e) two or more AE events from any circular
exceed 212 in. area (having a diameter equal to the weld thickness
(b) The vessel shall not exceed 2 ft inside diameter, or 1 in., whichever is greater) that emitted multiple
2 ft inside length, or 7 cu ft capacity. AE events during the first pressurization.
(c) The acoustic emission examination shall be per- (g) Welds that produce questionable acoustic emis-
formed in accordance with a written procedure that is sion response signals (i.e., AE signals that cannot be
certified by the manufacturer to be in accordance with interpreted by the AE examiner) shall be evaluated
Section V, Article 12, Acoustic Emission Examination by radiography in accordance with UW-51. If the
of Metallic Vessels During Pressure Testing. The written construction of the pressure vessel does not permit
procedure shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of interpretable radiographs to be taken, ultrasonic exami-
the Inspector. nation may be substituted for radiography in accordance
(d) The manufacturer shall certify that personnel with UW-11(a)(7). Final acceptance (or rejection) of
performing and evaluating AE examinations have been such welds shall be based on the radiographic or
qualified and certified in accordance with their employ- ultrasonic results, as applicable.
ers written practice. SNT-TC-1A-1984 shall be used (h) The AE sensors shall be positioned so that the
as a guideline for employers to establish a written entire pressure vessel is monitored by the AE system
practice for qualifying and certifying personnel. The and all AE response signals shall be recorded and used
qualification records of certified personnel shall be in the evaluation. The same AE acceptance standards
maintained by their employer. shall be applied to the rest of the vessel that are applied
(e) The AE examination shall be conducted through- to the circumferential closure weld.
out the hydrostatic test that is required by UG-99. Two (i) The AE test results and records shall be retained
pressurization cycles from atmospheric pressure to the in accordance with the Section VIII requirements for
test pressure required by UG-99 shall be used. radiographic film.
(f) Evaluation and acceptance criteria shall be as (j) This Case number shall be shown on the Data
follows. Report Form.


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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Licensed by Information Handling Services