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Stud Welding applications

Concrete Connections

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53 101-098-035 type H4L or S3L.90 max 19.05 max Elongation ~ 20% min 19.7 1.0 6.88 198.222 C ~ 0.5H4L 68 101-053-045 12. Spacing four times diameter between 12.88 H4L 165 101-053-019 direction of the shear force and some spacing restrictions 15.23 388.35 H4L 104 101-053-033 be applied based on actual use.05 9.23 S3L 131 9. Free edges in the 71.40 12.75 15.05 S3L 80 101-098-003 and use proper saftey factors and edge reinforcement.334 P ~ 0.23 S3L 106 101-098-031 specification is suggested.7 H4L 104 101-053-003 length more than four times their diameter are capable of 71.) kg (min.744 Mn ~ 0.355 S ~ 0. 19.) 101-098-143 studs in composite design with and without metal deck.88 H4L 106 101-053-015 adequate to develop full stud capacity.05 S3L 131 9.37 19. The Nelson System Product and embedment data  Headed anchors Stock sizes Tension capacity H4L B L A H Part No The following data is presented as guidelines only and are Stud Dia Length based on embedded studs and adequate spacing for full S3L 6.445 5.) Cold Finished low carbon steel 6.) 101-098-039 drawings.495 2.0 .05 S3L 148 101-098-138 the AISC code and commentary dated November 1978 19. see 19.37 25.88 H4L ~ 420 Mpa min 9.111 1.7 H4L 54 101-053-047  Shear capacity 12.9 Length 19. For shear capacity of 19.35 and 9.963 8. 19.7 H4L 154 101-053-008 shear as in tension.0 10.5H4L 104 101-053-043 consult Nelson Design Data 10 71.7 and 15.23 S3L 206 101-098-047 welded per the manufactures recommendation.356 A s Area of stud shank Page 1 V1.024 12.3 2.37 31. Consult Nelson Design Data 10.04 max f yield y strength ~ 345 Mpa min 15.05 S3L 85 101-098-132 An upper bound limit for headed studs is approached at 0.7 4.0.7 H4L 134 101-053-005 developing full shear capacity.23 H4L ~ 420 Mpa min 12.70 6. Spacing is not as sensitive in 12.53 H4L ~ 380 Mpa min 6.53 71.05 S3L 181 101-098-019 19.05 S3L 135 (min.75 101-098-011 those employed in composite design.88 H4L 68 101-053-012 times diameter in the direction of the shear force is generally A 15.88 H4L 206 101-053-023 along a free edge apply.7 H4L 79 101-053-002 Headed anchors embedded in concrete with an embement 12.53 31.23 S3L 181 101-098-043 To I C-1010 through C~1020 per ASTM A-108 and shall be 22.35 H4L 68 101-053-031 capacity development. flux filled welded to plates as shown on the 34.7 H4L 205 101-053-010 studs in a plane perpendicular to the shear force and six H 15.630 16. Stud shallbe made from cold drawn steel Grades 22.75 12.05 S3L 206 101-098-023 Short form specification 22. For further imformation 9. the following 22.05 S3L 106 101-098-007 D 19. Appropriate safty factors should 4.05 S3L 123 101-098-131 Headed studs used as inserts have different values than 19.029 Reduction Area 50% min 22.23 max 12.0 13.23 S3L 93 101-098-029 To insure that certified Nelson products are used.05 285.70 126.23 S3L 156 (min.05 S3L 156 101-098-015 19.05 S3L 87 101-098-127 AsFs when concrete strength exceeds 35 Mpa 19.35 31. "Headed anchors shall be Nelson 22.93 22.05 and 22. Physical properties of H4L and S3L anchors As As fy As fs Diameter Nominal Yield Tensile fs Ultimate strength (tensile) Area kg (min.

90 149.51 164.51 164.15 61.87 223.05 x 26 202 31.98 66.05 x 106 101 135.18 114.05 x 80 76 101.79 158.87 223.87 22.] Puc: Ultimate concrete tension capacity from 12.47 218.75 121 106.83 160.97 77.08 73.13 137.9 x 165 161 31.35 x 104 101 12.] Dh [2.08 73.31 130.4 68 47.90 149.82 [7.75 109 106.00 104.60 73.90 149.34 19.40 10.] NWT: Normal weight concrete (C = 1) 15.) Stock anchor sizes 19.75 194 73.18 114.90 149.51 164.05 x 135 131 179.51 164.08 73.58 37.66 95.75 16.23 x 181 176 34.3 [2.58 28.08 73.90 149.54 33.08 15.18 99.82 (c.87 156.18 79.58 37.0] Tension Capacity(Puc) kN(4.47 218.87 223.87 190.4 93 47.65 164.24 34.83 106.41 87.15 25.75 16.9 x 68 63 31.76 14.80 64.18 79.47 [3.05 x 123 118 158.) Sue=Ultermate stud embedded Shear Strength 19.43 187.00 153.36 217.74 22.75 106.61 6.0 .24 37.51 164.11 15.77 111.03 19.5 x 104 101 9.94 133.51 22.75 93 73.83 160.51 164.10 203.66 103. Length.22 73.87 110.88 32.3 37.49 68.60 94.36 66.7 x 104 101 25.Length of embedment under head of anchor 12.20 47.22 73.65 164.22 97.90 149.93 79 144.08 73.05 x 131 126 169.95 59.51 114.24 34.43 103.77 93.43 223.35 x 68 65 260.1 85.13 86.47 218.58 12.08 73.51 114.20 106.87 223.87 223.08 73.08 73.9 x 206 202 31.93 142 144.51 50.22 73.13 137.24 37.] Strength of f'c=3000 f'c=4000 f'c=5000 f'c=3000 f'c=4000 f'c=5000 f'c=3000 f'c=4000 f'c=5000 Anchor A.58 28.91 101.7 96 10.51 164.51 164.43 80.75 16.82 19.18 114.51 164.67 74.58 37.75 16.00 104.50 48.87 156.24 182.08 73.58 25.51 131.05 x 98 93 124.7 x 79 76 25.31 150.08 73.66 42.08 73.05 x 80 76 31.47 218.82 19.08 50.75 83 106.05 x 85 80 31.13 57.08 73.18 114.13 137.08 73.75 16.15 73.Sue controls 19.18 114.77 111.10 203.74 22.23 x 106 101 34.35 x 104 101 406.23 x 156 151 172.89 49.25 134.64 43.13 136.83 160.63 22.23 x 206 202 232.7 x 104 101 203.77 93.4 123 47.75 134 106.13 164.18 114.93 192 144.65 164.65 164.5 55.67 83.) Embedded [5.31 16.58 37.51 164.47 Puc = Ø 17.10 73.65 164.97 106.15 61.98 106.51 141.13 164.9 x 206 202 325.08 73.24 182.58 9.82 19.05 x 156 151 203.0] [1.98 71.59 75.59 15.] Pue ≤ 0.19 92.08 12.16 71.08 50.87 223.43 223.10 102.64 204.56 111.58 37.51 164.08 73.44 194.43 187.15 61.16 71.13 137.49 223.95 59.74 Page 2 V1.95 59.90 149.95 59.31 16.23 x 181 176 203.18 19.25 101.11 [6.7 x 134 131 263.35 10.85 33.16 75.05 x 106 101 31.13 137.16 36.08 73.08 50.75 66 106.51 114.60 47.18 114.51 164.13 164.24 182.51 164.75 117 106.29 84.9 x 165 161 259.87 223.5 x 154 151 406.08 73.08 12.34 37.57 89.75 16.49 223.87 168.54 33.16 71.08 73.60 106.W. Head Le Anchor kPa kPa kPa NWT kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa Size Length Dia [mm] [Pue] kN NWT NWT SLWT SLWT SLWT ALWT ALWT ALWT 6.00 104.83 160.51 164.90 149.18 114.15 73.84 114.66 95.51 164.58 37.40 48.94 133.51 19.03 164.37 28.36 63.75 16.75 16.08 73.17 164.43 187.06 46.13 65.10 203.03 164.24 182.51 164.7 x 205 202 25.43 158.65 164.5 x 104 101 271.08 73.18 15.43 77.51 114.08 73.05 x 181 176 236.37 21.66 95.87 223.16 71.94 133.length overall after welding to plate 9.51 164.87 223.74 22.75 91 106. 15.94 133.51 19.] [6.36 66.94 133.28 133.13 164.15 56. length after welding 19.23 x 206 202 34.88 63.59 118.85) 19.77C(Le) (Le + Dh)√f 1c.51 19.93 167 144.51 164.7 x 54 50 101.94 133.18 114.94 133.06 55.51 124.49 100.58 37.42 113.87 223.0] [7.39 22.82 Sue = 9 Asfs.09 19.05 x 85 80 114.51 164.] Length H/Ds Sue (c.18 114.7 x 154 151 304.49 223.75 167 106.08 73.13 137.40 47.27 173.79 144.43 223.51 164.15 61. Puc controls 12.) f'c=3000 f'c=4000 f'c=5000 f'c=3000 f'c=4000 f'c=5000 Size [mm] [No of Dia] (kN) kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa NOTES 6. H4L and S3L tension capacity in concrete Ultimate[3.89 16.58 37.51 114.51 164.05 x 135 131 31.18 79.98 42.90 149.03 144.51 116.43 187.15 61.70 19.08 73.51 164.49 223.87 223.47 42.83 160.51 164.13 137.23 x 93 88 101.23 x 156 151 34.95 54.08 73.05 144 24.19 78.52 150.11 15.03 12.] SLWT:Sand lightweight concrete (C = 0.28 73.75 16.15 61.75 153 73.51 116.08 50.58 37.08 73.10 203.23 x 131 126 34.W.51 149.4 143 47.18 114.00 104.47 the formulae where Puc ≥ Pue.24 182.47 12.3 9.87 223.] A.93 117 144.05 x 156 151 31.74 22.51 164.51 114.82 (a.22 73.7 60 10.58 37.82 19.08 73.77 111.12 55.76 14.25 134.9AsFs 12.4 43 47.51 164.90 149.80 47.51 164.65 164.12 69.82 22.83 160.13 37.38 106.01 144.16 41.22 73.75 16.08 73.51 114.63 114.83 160.87 223.58 37.47 12.49 223.65 164.51 164.87 223.87 H4L and S3L shear capacity in concrete Concrete shear capacity(Suc) kPa A.37 22.90 149.42 119.51 114.) Normal Concrete(145 pcf) Lightweight Concrete(110pcf) Anchor [a.63 114.47 218.18 114.81 16.87 223.13 137.20 22.66 95.43 187.51 164.88 49.98 60.08 50.19 56.12 73.75 16.75 55 73.16 71.51 164.18 88.15 73.88 56.(b.77 111.18 114.95 48.30 106.08 73.00 24.4 194 47.87 223.05 x 131 126 31.68 118.74 12.13 164.3 37.13 164.83 160.75 16.87 223.16 71.81 15.77 93.81 15.95 74.75 192 106.65 164.42 106.75 12.51 164.7 x 154 151 25.18 114.64 87.W.W.91 100.61 [1. .77 93.34 37.19 19.35 x 68 65 12.75 16.05 94 24.0.23 x 106 101 116.87 156.3 182.75 16.60 144.65 164.13 137.82 (b.94 133.53 106.85 220.51 164.40 47.22 73.08 73.51 164.18 114.15 73.] ALWT:All light weight concrete (C = 0.47 218.75 16.08 50.59 155.51 19.36 66.00 106.18 114.58 37.13 164.18 79.76 152.8 116.75 142 106.40 24.43 61.9 x 106 101 162.41 25.75 6.08 73.58 37.16 144.90 113.47 63.58 37.95 59.42 77.05 x 98 93 31.7 x 54 50 25.20 144.75 16.10 203.51 19.08 12.89 16.56 19.22 72.08 73.05 x 123 118 31.13 137.51 164.58 37.83 160.13 100.93 91 144.75 16.36 66.05 x 148 143 31.87 156.23 x 131 126 145.83 160.82 19.43 187.23 x 93 88 34.6 103.86 29.63 114.4 47.72 137.95 59.94 133.7 x 205 202 406.58 37.24 182.08 73.7 x 134 131 25.87 156.36 66.58 37.65 164.04 22.51 114.94 133.29 134.36 66.81 16.05 x 148 143 192.37 15.9 x 68 63 101.10 203.83 160.91 89.51 114.9 x 106 101 31.48 164.56 73.7 x 79 76 152.66 114.29 84.) A.05 x 181 176 31.75) 19.] Le .63 114.75 16.54 65.87 156.30 56.74 87.75 71 106.18 114.13 137.49 223.05 x 26 202 271.66 114.5 x 154 151 9. Where Suc > Sue.10 164.29 223.75 12.70 98.58 37.94 133.24 144.75 9.51 164.47 [4.74 22.87 223.51 164.11 [5.51 114.

Best ≥ 19.05mm Clear Cover phos. collar and PSR (punching) in-stock construction stud fasteners. Stud specification produce superior quality cold formed extra sheets are available upon request.threaded and non threaded 378mm XL Punching Shear Resistor Stud Stud Types We offer the largest selection of standard Long (CXL) headed. Page 3 V1.05 to 12. dirt. The beams should be free ments as indicated in Recommended Weld Setup. deck fit-up to the beam. high welding rates. current and plunge set- tings will normally be adjusted up through the range of settings listed.05mm results are obtained when the combined Clear Cover Steel Bar Slab Spacers galvanized coating thickness of both sheets of cel- lular deck is limited to 390g per sq.75 mm Polarity: Straight Ferrule: 100-101-175 or 100-101-177 457mm XL Collar studs . Gun setup for weld-thru deck application Chuck body Chuck Assembly (500-001-088) Ferrule 9.81 to 3.) requirements. 150g steel strength in the weld to provide a strong. beam flanges.meter Typical weld setup:adjust as needed to meet job conditions. water.8 to 1.05mm stud 100-101-175 Plunge Foot Foot Extension Assembly Ferrule Holder Foot Extension Accessories: Chuck 500-001-008 Foot Extension Assembly Includes: Includes: Chuck body 500-001-117 Foot 502-002-043 Chuck sleeve 500-001-118 Foot Extension 502-002-004 Depth Stop Screw 524-001-103 Ferrule Holder 501-006-028 The best stud welding results are achieved through adherence to recom. Nelson is the only supplier able to in length under the head.) or black iron deck materials./ptd. Here are some important site of recommended power sources. sand or other and becomes increasingly important when dealing with high currents and foreign materials. galvanized and cellular deck punching shear in concrete floor slab and foundation construction. Weld time: 0.0 . or lighter).4 seconds Weld current (actual)*: 1650 to 1850 amperes Lift: 0. and inadequate power can Adequate incoming AC power must be available for power requirements seriously hamper satisfactory welding. In shear connector resistor studs) up to 381 mm addition. of heavy rust and mill scale. use the lower weld time and plunge settings shown. Adequate welding power must be available to provide weld current require Top Flanges of beams should be unpainted.7 mm Free Travel* 3. i.e. Concrete As the deck thickness and galvanized coatings Column thickness increases.Recommended Weld Setup Nelson PSR System This basic welding setup is suitable for all types The PSR system is specifically designed to be stud welded to a flat steel rail with full of deck materials. lightly coated (150g./ptd. Cable length and size have a definite effect on power source current output Floor sheets or deck material also should be free of dirt. ductile reinforcing system that resists galvanized. phos. 390 g.75 mm 381mm XL Shear connectors & Concrete Anchors Plunge: 9. (Refer to Power Sources.0. black iron. sand or other materials which will interfere with the welding operation. Cellular decks will require settings in the higher range of those listed. Factors such as painted before welding. time. Typical Detail Punching Shear When welding through single thickness of thin (22 Cracks ga. galvanized or ≥ 19. Water on the deck or between the deck and beams must be removed mended job-site procedures and conditions.