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Name of Work : Trial

SPECIFIC GRAVITY & WATER ABSORPTION TEST (I S 2386 III/63)

Observations

Weigt of Pycnometer (gms) W1

Weigt of Pycnometer + Sand (gms) W2

Weigt of Pycnometer + Water +Sand (gms) W3

Weigt of Pycnometer + Water (gms) W4

W2-W1 W5

W3-W4 (W4-W1)-(W3-W2) W6

Specific Gravity=(W2-W1)/(W2-W1)-(W3-W4)

Average Specific Gravity


WATER ABSORPTION TEST
Observations

Weigt of Saturated Aggregate in Air (gms) W1

Weigt of Oven Dried Aggregate (gms) W2

Weigt of water Absorbed (W3-W4) (gms) W3

Percent Water Absorption=W6/W4X100(%)

Average Aggregate Water Absorption(%)


Test 1 Test 2

312 312

812 812

1826 1826

1514 1514

500 500

188 188

2.66 2.66

2.66

Test 1 Test 2

500 1325

495 1315

5 10

1.01 0.76

0.89%
Name of Work : Trial

SPECIFIC GRAVITY & WATER ABSORPTION TEST (I S 2386 III/63)

Observations Test 1

Weigt of Saturated Aggregate + Basket in water (gms) W1 1119

Weigt of Basket in water (gms) W2 500

Weigt of Saturated Aggregate in water (W1-W2) (gms) W5 619

Weigt of Saturated Aggregate in Air (gms) W3 990

Weigt of Oven Dried Aggregate (gms) W4 982

Weigt of water Absorbed (W3-W4) (gms) W6 8

Percent Water Absorption=W6/W4X100(%) 0.81

Average Aggregate Water Absorption(%) 0.81

Specific Gravity=W4/(W3-W5) 2.65

Average Specific Gravity 2.65


Test 2

1119

500

619

990

982

0.81

0.81

2.65

2.65
Gradation of Fine Aggregate
Name of Work : Trial

Weight of Sample Taken 1000 Gms

Weight Cummulative
I.S.Sieve Size Percent Percent Passing
Retained in Percent Retained
MM Retained % %
Gms %

10 mm 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%

4.75 mm 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%

2.36 mm 49.00 4.90% 4.90% 95.10%

1.18 mm 115.00 11.50% 16.40% 83.60%

600 Micron 215.00 21.50% 37.90% 62.10%

300 Micron 308.00 30.80% 68.70% 31.30%

150 Micron 221.00 22.10% 90.80% 9.20%

Concluded Sand Zone

Gradation of Course Aggregate


Name of Work :

Weight of Sample Taken 3000 Gms

Weight Cummulative
I.S.Sieve Size Percent Percent Passing
Retained in Percent Retained
MM Retained % %
Gms %

63 mm 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%

40 mm 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%

20 mm 117.00 11.70% 11.70% 88.30%

10 mm 1682.00 168.20% 179.90% -79.90%

4.75 mm 1177.00 117.70% 297.60% -197.60%


Concluded Metal Size
Zone I Zone II Zone III Zone IV

100 100 100 100

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00


90--100 90--100 90--100 95--100
95.10 95.10 95.10 95.10
60--95 75--100 85--100 95--100
83.60 83.60 83.60 83.60
30--70 55--90 75--100 90--100
62.10 62.10 62.10 62.10
15--34 35--59 60--79 80--100
31.30 31.30 31.30 31.30
5--20 8--30 12--40 15--50
9.20 9.20 9.20 9.20
0--10 0--10 0--10 0--15

Sand Zone Zone III

40MM 20MM

100

100.00 100.00
95--100 100
88.30 88.30
30--70 95--100
-79.90 -79.90
10--35 25--55
-197.60 -197.60
0--5 0--10
20mm
Concrete mix design(IS 10262-2009)
Name of Work:

STEP A : Design Stipulation


1. Decide Grade of Concrete to be designed
2. Characteristic Strength required (Fck)
3. Maximum size of Aggregates
4. Degree of Quality Control
5. Degree of Exposure
6. Minimum Cement Content (For Above Exposure as per table 5)
7. Maximum water Cement Ratio (For Above Exposure as per table 5)
8. Degree of Workability 50 mm. Slump
9. Whether Plasticizer to be used No
Step B : Test Data of Material : Tests to be Conducted in Laboratory
1. Cement Used 43 Grade with 28 days strength
Note. It is not necessary to conduct cement testing first, and then carry out mix design.
You can also gety 28 days strenght of cement from manufactures test certificate (MTC). If
such certificate is niot available, you can always consider 28 days strenght as 43 or 53
N/sq.mm. for 43 or 53 grade respectively. in that case though, number of trails may
increase.
2. Specific Gravity of Cement
3. Specific Gravity of CA
4. Specific Gravity of FA
5. Water Absorption of CA
6. Water Absorption of FA
7. Sand Conforms ot Grading Zone
For Degree of QC Good and M25, Step
K=4CMpa
: Target Strength
as per Para 4 ( Increase 1 Mpa for lower
QC)
Target Strenght is goven by Ft=Fck+KS
K= 1.65
Step D : Selection Free Water Cement Ratio
For a given target strength of concrete and 28 days strenght of cement, free WCR is
determined form following figure. Six curves are given for six ranges of 28 days cement
strength
Hence, for a target Mean strenght of 33.25Mpa
Check
Whether, this water cement ration is less than permissible 0.50 ?
Yes.. Hence ok, use water cement ration as determined above
if Water cenment ratio exceeds 0.50 restrict it to 0.50 because it is the maximum water
cement ratio
Step E : Selection of Water Content
Having decided the water cement ratio, next is to decide water content. Water content is
related to maximum aggregate size used. For - standard 50 mm. slump.

In this case, . aggregates are used, 20MM


Since, Plasticizer is not used, no reduction in
water quantity is made.
Step E : Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement ratio
Cement Content = Water Content / Water Cement ratio -- kg/cu.m.
From Table 5, minimum cement content for Above exposure condition =
Hence OK
M25
25N/sq.mm.
Err:509
Fair
Mild-RCC
300Kg/Cum
0.55

53N/sq.mm.

3.15
2.65
2.66
0.81
0.89
Zone III

5
33.25Mpa

W/C Ratio-0.46

0.46

hence the water


content wiill be

Lit/Cum-186
Min.
Exposure Cement

Mild-RCC 300
0.46 Moderate -RCC 300
404Kg/Cum Severe -RCC 320
300Kg/Cum Very severe -RCC 340
Extreme -RCC 360
Table 5
Max. WCR Min.
Grade

0.55 M20
0.50 M25
0.45 M30
0.45 M35
0.40 M40
Step F : Proportion of Coarse aggregate And Fine aggregate
IS specify volume of coarse
aggregate depends on zone of Maximum Aggregate Size Volume of Coar. Aggre. for san
sand, but for 50 mm. standard ZoneIV Zone III
slump as follows
10 mm 0.5 0.48
20 mm 0.66 0.64
40 mm 0.75 0.73

Note - if water cement ratio is lower than 0.50 the proportionof volume of coarse
aggregate is varies at the rate of - / + 0.01 for every +- 0.05 change in water cement
ratio

In this usingabove chart volume of coarse agregate is


Furter water cement ration is Less than 0.50 hence correction will be

0.01 * (0.50 - *) / 0.05 = ** and the corrected aggreagte contendt will be***-**=

and thus vollume of sand will be 1-**

Step G : Mix Calculation


Now we know
Weight of Cement :
Weight of water :
volume of sand :
volume of coarse aggregate :

a. volume of concrete = 1 cum = a a=

b. volume of cement = Mass of cement / sp.gr.of cement * 1/1000 b=

c. volume of water = Mass of water / sp.gr.of water * 1/1000 c=

d volume of all in aggregate = a-(b+c) d=

e. mass of coarse aggregate = d*vol. of CA * sp.gr of CA * 1000

f. mass of fine aggregate = d*vol.of FA * sp.gr of FA *1000

Step H : Determine Mix Proportion


Based on weights calculated determine mix proportion as follows

C : Cement content 404Kg/Cum Cement F.A.


FA : fine aggregate content 671Kg/Cum 1 1.66
CA : Coarse aggregate content 1147Kg/Cum
W : water content 186Kg/Cum
Step J : Corrections for Absorption
If aggregates are dry correction foWater content w.rt. Free WCT - 186Kg/Cum
Absorption of Aggregare = 0.81 %
Extra for WA of C. A.= 9.34 kg/cum
Absorption of Sand = 0.80 %
Sand content * WA Sand / 100 Extra for WA of Sand = 5.37 kg/cum
Total Water content 200.71 kg/cum
ggregate

Coar. Aggre. for sand zone


Zone II Zone I
0.46 0.44
0.62 0.6
0.71 0.69

0.64

0.63

0.37

404 Kg/Cum
186 Kg/Cum
0.37 Cum
0.63 Cum

1 Cum

0.1283 Cum

0.186 Cum

0.686 Cum

1147 Kg

671 Kg

C.A. W.C. Ratio


2.84 0.46

W.C. Ratio
0.50
Step L : Trials

Prepare mix using above mix proportion. Observe slump, texture cohesiveness, workaility of fresh
concrete. Make necessary adjustments based on observations. Take atleaset three trials by
increasing an / or decreasing the water cement ratio. For economy utilise miximum water cemen
ration. observe 7 days and 28 days strengths of cubes. finalise the mix based on strength.
esiveness, workaility of fresh
ke atleaset three trials by
tilise miximum water cement
he mix based on strength.
Name of Work :

Consistancy of Standard Cement Paste(IS 4031(Part 4)-1988)

Sr. Wt. of Cement( C ) Percentage of Quantity of Water


No. Water

1
2
3

Setting Time of Cement (IS 4031(Part 5)-1988)

1 Wt. of Water in Gms


2 Wt. of Cement( C )in Gms
3 Time at which water is mixed with cement
3 Time at which needle( C ) fails to pierce the test block
4 Time at which needle (F) makes an impression while annual ring
fails to do so

A FInal Setting Time of Cement sample in minutes


B Initial Setting Time of Cement sample in minutes
Depth of Penetration
from bottom in MM