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Flow

Average Flow = 4 MLD

= 166.6667 m3/ hr

3

= 0.046296 m / sec

= 416.6667 m3/ hr

3

= 0.115741 m / sec

BOD5 = 355 mg/L

COD = 778 mg/L

NH4-N = 25 mg/L

NO3-N = 1.7 mg/L

TSS = 250 mg/L

TKN = 35 mg/L

TP = 5 mg/L

BOD5 = 10 mg/L

COD = 50 mg/L

TSS = 10 mg/L

NH4-N = 5 mg/L

TN = 10 mg/L

TP = 1 mg/L

PRIMARY TREATMENT UNITS

Inlet Chamber

Design Flow = PeakFlow

Peak Flow = 10 MLD

3

= 416.6666667 m /hr

3

= 0.115740741 m /sec

Average Flow = 4 MLD

3

= 166.6666667 m /hr

= 0.046296296 m3/sec

Volume Required = 3.472222222 m3

Side Water Depth Provided = 2.5 m

Width Provided = 1.3 m

Length provided = 1.3 m

Freeboard = 0.3 m

Volume Provided = 4.225 m3

No. Of Standby Screens = 1 No.

Total No. Of Screens = 2 Nos.

3

Design Flow = 0.115740741 m /sec

Average Flow = 0.046296296 m3/sec

Average Flow in each screen = 0.046296296 m3/sec

Minimum velocity through screens at Avg flow = 0.4 m/sec

Clear area of opening @ Avg flow = 0.115740741 m2

2

Considering Maximum area of opening = 0.128600823 m

Thickness of Bars = 0.003 m

Gross Area of Screen = 0.192901235 m2

Gross width of screen = 0.459288654 m

= 50.03207264

No. Of Bars = 51

No.Of Celar Space = 52

Total Width of Screen Needed = 0.465 m

(Width = clear spacing width + Bar width)

Total Width of screen Provided = 0.55 m

Width of sideframe provided = 0.25 m

Width Of Screen Channel Provided = 1.05 m

Height of blind plate at bottom of screen = 0.04 m

Length Of Screen Channel Provided = 4 m

Freeboard Provided = 0.5 m

Velocity at average flow through channel = 0.153045608 m/s

(A=Depth*Width)

Provide Bed Slope? (1=Yes, 0 = No) = 1

Slope Provided.

velocity through clear openining of screen = 0.687704936 m/s

Actual Velocity is less than assumed velocity

Headloss

V2 = 0.382614019 m/s

V1 needed = 0.687704936 m/s

V1 assumed = 0.9 m/s

H=0.0729(V1^2 - V2^2)

Headloss required = 0.023805101 m

Kirshmer's Method

Velovity head of flow approaching rack = 0.024104897 m/s

Velocity head assumed as approaching rack = 0.041284404 m/s

Assume angle of bar inclination = 75 degrees

Headloss required = 0.02178948 m/s

Headloss for assumed velocity = 0.037318795 m/s

The screen chamber design can be used since headloss < 0.15m

Headloss suggested = 0.043 m

Headloss at 50% clogged condition

For assumed peak velocity = 0.05490605 m

For calculated peak velocity = 0.09403747 m

The screen chamber design can be used since headloss < 0.30m

3

Design Flow = 0.115740741 m /sec

Average Flow = 0.046296296 m3/sec

Average Flow in each screen = 0.046296296 m3/sec

Minimum velocity through screens at Avg flow = 0.4 m/sec

Clear area of opening @ Avg flow = 0.115740741 m2

Thickness of Bars = 0.01 m

Gross width of screen = 0.578703704 m

= 31.15020576

No. Of Bars = 32

No.Of Screens = 33

Total Width of Screen Needed = 0.584 m

(Width = clear spacing width + Bar width)

Total Width of screen Provided = 0.7 m

Width of sideframe provided = 0.32 m

Width Of Screen Channel Provided = 1.34 m

Height of blind plate at bottom of screen = 0.04 m

Length Of Screen Channel Provided = 5 m

Freeboard Provided = 0.64 m

Velocity at average flow through channel = 0.094482237 m/s

Slope is Provided.

To Find Actual Velocity through clear opening:

velocity through clear openining of screen = 0.645874669 m/s

Actual Velocity is less than assumed velocity

Headloss

V2 = 0.236205593 m/s

V1 needed = 0.645874669 m/s

V1 assumed = 0.9 m/s

H=0.0729(V1^2 - V2^2)

Headloss at assumed velocity = 0.054981684 m

Kirshmer's Method

Velocity head assumed as approaching rack = 0.041284404 m/s

Assume angle of bar inclination = 40 degrees

Headloss required = 0.042743994 m/s

Headloss for assumed velocity = 0.082997233 m/s

The screen chamber design can be used since headloss < 0.15m

Headloss suggested = 0.069 m

For assumed peak velocity = 0.107708115 m

For calculated peak velocity = 0.209139922 m

The screen chamber design can be used since headloss < 0.30m

GRIT CHAMBER DESIGN

No of standby units = 0 Nos.

Total No. of Units = 1 Nos.

Design Flow = Peak Flow

Peak Flow = 0.115740741 m3/s

Design Flow to each grit chamber = 0.115740741 m3/s

Specific Gravity of Grit assumed(Sg) = 2.65

Diameter of particle assumed (d) = 0.00015 m

3 2

Surface Overflow Rate ( CPHEEO Manual) = 1555 m /m /d

= 0.017997685 m3/m2/s

Kinematic viscosity(v) = 0.00000114 m2/s

g = 9.81 m/s2

2

Settling Velocity (Vs) = (Sg-1)gd /18v

Vs = 0.017748355 m/s

= 2.335309903

Stokes law cannot be applied

Transition Law = Vs=0.707((Sg-1)d1.6v-0.6)0.714

Vs = 0.015215687 m/s

Surface Over Flow rate for max efficiency = Settling velocity = 0.015215687 m/s

of minimum size particle to be removed = 1314.635357 m3/m2/d

To Determine Actual overflow rate:

Settling basin performance(n) = 0.125

Assumed Efficiency of removal () = 0.75

-n

Actual overflow rate (Q/A) [Vs*n/(1-) -1]

= 0.010052269 m3/m2/s

3 2

= 868.5160685 m /m /d

= 11.51389176 m2

For a square grit chamber

Side required = 3.393212601 m

Length of chamber provided = 4 m

Width of chamber provided (W) = 4 m

HRT @ Peak Flow = 60 s

3

Volume of grit chamber required = 6.944444444 m

Depth of Grit chamber required = 0.434027778 m

Depth Provided (D) = 0.5 m

Depth for Grit Storage = 0.25 m

Total Depth now = 0.75 m

Freeboard Provided = 0.25 m

Resultant Total Depth = 1 m

Vcritical K*[(Ss-1)gd^]0.5

K = 3.2 (3 to 4.5)

Vcritical = 0.157678356 m/s

Vhorizontal = Q/Ahorizontal

= Q/(D*W)

= 0.05787037 m/s

Bottom Scour is satisfied

PARSHALL FLUME

Peak Flow = 115.7407407 lps

Throat Width (W) = 0.15 m

Channel at (D) = 0.391 m

Liquid depth @ Avg Flow = 0.264881958 m

Liquid Depth @ Peak Flow = 0.487916738 m

Velocity At mouth @ Avg Flow = 0.447009871 m/s

Velocity At mouth @ Peak Flow = 0.606685734 m/s

CLARIFIER

3

Peak Flow = 0.115740741 m /s

Overflow rate for avg flow (table 5.8) = 35 m3/m2/d

Overflow rate for peak flow (table 5.8) = 80 m3/m2/d

2

Surface area for avg flow = 114.2857143 m

Surface area for Peak flow = 125 m2

2

Design Area = 125 m

Required Diameter ( Rounded Up) = 13 m

Resulting Wier Length = 40.82 m

Resulting Wier Loading Rate (Avg Flow) = 97.99118079 m3/m/d

Wier loading rate @ Avg flow from table 5.8 = 125 m3/m/d

Use Of Double Sided Wier Needed? = No

Side Water Depth from table 5.8 (>=2.5 to 3.5) = 3 m

Overflow rate for peak flow (table 5.8) = 50 m3/m2/d

Surface area for avg flow = 160 m2

Surface area for Peak flow = 200 m2

Design Area = 200 m2

Required Diameter ( Rounded Up) = 16 m

Resulting Wier Length = 50.24 m

Resulting Wier Loading Rate (Avg Flow) = 79.61783439 m3/m/d

Wier loading rate @ Avg flow from table 5.8 = 125 m3/m/d

Use Of Double Sided Wier Needed? = No

Side Water Depth from table 5.8 (>= 2.5 to 3.5) = 3 m

SLUDGE PRODUCTION

TSS = 250 mg/L

Ss = 1.03

EQUALISATION TANK (ONLINE)

3

Time (Hr) Flow (m /hr) Cumulative Flow Cum. Avg. Flow Cum Flow - Avg Flow

2 96.61187521 123.4485072 333.3333333 -209.8848261

3 100.63737 224.0858772 500 -275.9141228

4 89.90271721 313.9885944 666.6666667 -352.6780722

5 111.3720228 425.3606172 833.3333333 -407.9727161

6 124.7903388 550.1509561 1000 -449.8490439

7 268.36632 818.5172761 1166.666667 -348.1493906

8 335.4579 1153.975176 1333.333333 -179.3581572

9 415.967796 1569.942972 1500 69.94297216

10 369.00369 1938.946662 1666.666667 272.2799955

11 322.039584 2260.986246 1833.333333 427.6529129

12 268.36632 2529.352566 2000 529.3525663

13 281.784636 2811.137202 2166.666667 644.4705356

14 254.948004 3066.085206 2333.333333 732.751873

15 201.27474 3267.359946 2500 767.3599463

16 134.18316 3401.543106 2666.666667 734.8764397

17 87.21905401 3488.76216 2833.333333 655.428827

18 101.9792016 3590.741362 3000 590.741362

19 96.61187521 3687.353237 3166.666667 520.6865705

20 91.24454881 3778.597786 3333.333333 445.2644526

21 73.80073801 3852.398524 3500 352.398524

22 60.38242201 3912.780946 3666.666667 246.1142793

23 46.964106 3959.745052 3833.333333 126.4117187

24 40.254948 4000 4000 0

Average Flow m3/d = 4000

3

Average Flow m /hr = 166.6666667

3

Equalisation tank volume (m ) = 1217.20899 m3

Equalisation Tank

4500

4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30

CONVENTIONAL ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS

Elevation of site above MSL = 6 m

Operating temperature (deg C) = 25 C

Primary Clarifier Effluent BOD = 355 mg/L

Thickener Overflow return fraction for

plant flow = 0.15

Thickener Overflow return = 0.6 MLD

Thickener Overflow return BOD = 500 mg/L

Centrate from sludge dewatering

(Fraction) = 0.006

Influent BOD to Aeration Tank = 373.9446 mg/L

Effluent BOD = 10 mg/L

Weighted BOD to be removed in aeration

tank = 363.9446 mg/L

MLSS = 3000 mg/L

F:M = 0.35

F = 1682.88 kg/day

M = 4808.229 kg/day

Aeration Tank Volume calculated from

F/M = 1602743 L

= 1602.743 m3

Y = 0.5

Kd = 0.06 /day

Aeration tank volume from c = 782.6766 m3

HRT (table 5.9 CPHEEO MANUAL) = 5 Hours

Influent BOD in Aeration tank = 373.9446 mg/L

Aeration tank volume from HRT = 833.3333 m3

Liquid Depth = 5.5 m

BOD Removed in Aeration tank = 1682.88 kg/day

Kg O2 / Kg BOD Removed (Table 5.9

CPHEEO Manual) = 0.8

Kg O2 Needed Per day = 1346.304 kg/day

Residual DO in aeration = 2 mg/L

(CPHEEO Manual 5.8.1.7.5.3) = 0.95

DO at operating Temperature = 8.22 mg/L

DO at Operating Elevation = 8.214484 mg/L

Oxygen Tension = 5.80376 mg/L

Oxygen Gradient = 0.632907 mg/L

Temperature Co Efficient = 1.03

Temperature Correction Factor = 1.159274

Coversion Factor to Std conditions = 0.726376

Oxygen needed for safety factor = 2038.799 kg/day

Oxygen Transfer Capacity (Surface

Aerator CPHEEO 5.8.1.7.5.3) = 2 kg O2/kWhr

KW of aerator needed per day = 42.47498 kW/day

FOR DIFFUSED AERATOR

Operating Height (h) = 14 m

Temperature Lapse rate (L) = 0.0065 K/m

Temperature at altitude h above sea

level = 24.909 K

g = 9.81 m/s2

Sea level std pressure (p0) = 101.325 kpa

Universal gas constant R = 8.314 J/mol/K

molar mass of dry air (M) = 0.02896 kg/mol

pressure at h = 99.40103 kpa

Density = 1.16224 g/m3

Factor for temperature power 2 = 0.04375

Factor for temperature power 1 = 0.075

Content of oxygen in air = 0.23

Kg of oxygenn needed for residual DO

per day = 8 kg/day

Total kg of oxygen needed per day = 1354.304 kg/day

Air needed = 4982.15 m3/day

Transfer efficiency of diffuser system per

'm' depth = 0.05

Transfer efficiency at design depth = 0.275

Diffuser fouling factor = 0.04 /year

Diffuser life cycle = 3 years

Diffuser fouling factor for life cycle = 1.124864

Air needed for oxygenation = 22416.96 m3/day

= 934.0402 m3/hr

Minimum Power input for aeration tanks

per m3(CPHEEO 5.8.1.7.5.6) = 16 W/m3

Minimum Power needed for mixing in

aeration tank = 25.64389 kW

Air needed for mixing as per manual (1.8 -

2.7 m3/hr/m2) = 2.7 m3/hr/m2

Air needed for mixing = 786.801 m3/hr

= 18883.22 m3/day

and mixing) = 934.0402 m3/hr

Air needed as under standard conditions

(Qa) = 1285.891 m3/hr

Friction and other losses as fraction of

depth (20%) = 1.2

Liquid depth as water column for air

pressure = 6.6

B = 16

A = 0.03

Compressor power in BHP for 7m depth

= A*(Qa)+B = 54.57673 BHP

= 40.71424 kW

SLUDGE FLOWS

Excess sludge mass wasted = 587.0075 kg/day

Excess sludge to be wasted ( CPHEEO

5.9.1.7.5.10) (0.35-0.5) = 0.45 kg/kg BOD5 removed

Excess sludge mass wasted (Thumb Rule)

(CPHEEO 5.9.1.7.5.10) = 655.1003 kg/day

=

Concentration factor for MLSS in return

sludge = 3

Return/ Excess sludge MLSS concn. = 9000 mg/L

Cells wasting from system (kg/day) = 655.1003 kg/day

Volume of excess sludge per day

(m3/day) = 72.78893 m3/day

Resulting c = 7.339683 days

Recirculation Ratio (Table 5.9, CPHEEO

Manual) = 0.5

COMPLETELY MIXED ASP WITH NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION

Q = 4 MLD

= 0.046296296 m3/ sec

BOD (So) = 355 mg/L

Se = 10 mg/L

TKN = 35 mg/L

Biokinetic Parameters

Kd = 0.12 g VSS/ g VSS/ day

fd = 0.15

Y = 0.4

Kn = 0.74 g NH4-N/m3/day

Kd n = 0.08 g VSS/ g VSS/ day

Yn = 0.12 g VSS/ g NH4-N

Operating Temperature 25 C

Biokinetic Parameters at 25 C

kd = 0.145998348 g VSS/ g VSS/ day

n,max = 1.051913798 g VSS/ g VSS/ day

Kn = 0.958017794 g NH4-N/m3/day

Kdn = 0.097332232 g VSS/ g VSS/ day

Assumptions:

F/M = 0.35

Xt = 3000 mg/L

K = 0.2 L/mg/day

Yt = 0.5

Ks = 80 mg/L

Xs = 10000 mg/L

CONVENTIONAL ASP

q = K* Se

q = 2 /day

Va = Qavg * (So - Se)/FM/Xt/q

= 657142.8571 L

= 657.1428571 m3

c (ASP) = Va*Xt/((Yt*Q*(So- Se) - (Va*Xt*Kd))

= 4.347826087 days

Nitrification:

n + Kdn = [(n,max*Ne)/(Kn+Ne)]*[Do/(Kd+Do)]

Assuming

Ne = 0.5 mg/L

Do = 2 mg/L

Ko = 0.5 mg/L

Theoretical SRT

c (necessary) = 1/n

= 5.228617732 days

Biomass Production

[fd*kd*QY(So-S)*c/(1+ Kdc)] = 44.19957908 kg/day

[QYn(Nox)/(1+Kdc) = 7.621771613 Kg/day

NO3- concn.

Ne = 0.5 mg/L

Nox = TKN - Ne - 0.122(X/Q) = 24.24624495 mg/L

x, VSS = 416.1886902 Kg/day

If Tss,0 - Vss,o = 10 mg/L

x, TSS = 609.6337532 Kg/day

Mass of MLVSS:

Xtss * V = x,tss * SRT = 4781.312778 Kg

MLSS = 3000 mg/L

Aeration tank volume Va = V*Xtss/X = 1593.770926 m3

V/Q = 0.398442732 days

= 9.562625556 hours

= 0.7

Observer Yield:

Oxygen Demand

= 55.1065426 Kg/hr

Aerobic Tank Volume = 1593.770926 m3

MLVSS = 2100 mg/L

MLSS = 3000 mg/L

BOD = 355 mg/L

Nox = 24.24624495 mg/L

RAS = 0.6

Mixing energy for anoxic reactor = 10 kW/10^3 m3

Ne = 5 mg/L

Active Biomass conc:

Se = 0

Xb = (Q*SRT/V)*(Yso/(1+Kd*SRT)) = 1628.817035 mg/L

Nox Feed = 78 Kg/day

To Determine Anoxic Volume

a = 2 hr

Vnox = a *Q = 333.3333333 m3

F/Mb = Qso/(Vnox*Xb) = 2.615395043 /day

If F/Mb = 0 to 20, figure 8.23, Metcalf and Eddy shows SDNR = 0.42 gNO3-N/g-biomass/day @ 20deg C

NO3-N reduction capacity = 334.2597887 Kg/day

Nox feed / No3-N Capacity = 0.233351431

Iterating and adjusting a to avoid excess energy and detention time

a = 0.6 hour

Nox Feed / No3-N capacity = 0.78

Vnox for a = 0.6 = 100 m3

F/Mb varies from 1-10 So, SDNR is the same

Total Mixing Energy required = 1 kW

SECONDARY SETTLING TANK FOR ASP WITH NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION

Qavg = 4 MLD

Qpeak = 10 MLD

X = 3000 mg/L

Xr = 8000 mg/L

R = 0.6

Hydraulic application rate (16 to 28 ) = 25 m3/m2/day

Area of clarifier = 160 m2

Solid Loading Rate = (1+R)Q.MLSS/A = 120 Kg MLSS/m2/day

SLR = 5 Kg/M2/hr

SLR is within the rate of 4 to 6 Kg/m2/hr

Biological Phosphorus Removal

Assume:

bcod = 266.25 mg/L

P content = 5 mg/L

Theta c = 5 Days

Kd = 0.08 /day

P content in PAO = 0.3 g P/g VSS

P content in heterotrophs = 0.02 g P/ g VSS

Clarifier VSS concn = 8 mg/L

Yt = 0.5

PAOs produced:

Yobs*bsCOD = 31.69643 mg/L

Heterotrophs produced

Yobs*(bCOD -bsCOD) = 63.39286 mg/L

P removed due to PAOs = 9.508929 mg/L

TRICKLING FILTER

= 0.046296296 m3/sec

BOD So = 355 mg/L

Se = 20 mg/L

R = 3

= 0.9

F = (1+R)/(1+(1-)*R)^2

F = 2.366863905

Total Efficiency

E = ((So-Se)/So)*100

= 94.36619718

E = 0.95

W1 = Q*So

= 1420000000 mg/day

= 1420 kg/day

Assume E1 = 0.8

W2 = (1-E1)W1

= 284 kg/day

E2 = 0.75

By Solver

E1 E2 W1 W2 V1 V2 Absolute Error

0.843425013 0.681 1420 222.33648 3370.3 3370.3 8.42037E-08

By Iteration

E1 E2 W1 W2 V1 V2 Absolute Error

0.8 0.75 1420 284 1858.405 5226.76 3368.35928

0.81 0.737 1420 269.8 2110.976 4792.73 2681.753233

0.82 0.722 1420 255.6 2410.478 4362.09 1951.612167

0.83 0.706 1420 241.4 2768.718 3935.45 1166.727955

0.84 0.688 1420 227.2 3201.393 3513.55 312.153985

0.841 0.686 1420 225.78 3249.512 3471.65 222.1406456

0.842 0.684 1420 224.36 3298.606 3429.82 131.2102205

0.843 0.682 1420 222.94 3348.7 3388.04 39.33815171

0.8431 0.681 1420 222.798 3353.766 3383.86 30.09818492

0.8432 0.681 1420 222.656 3358.841 3379.69 20.84852287

0.8433 0.681 1420 222.514 3363.927 3375.52 11.58913966

0.8434 0.681 1420 222.372 3369.024 3371.34 2.320009285

0.84341 0.681 1420 222.3578 3369.534 3370.93 1.392559151

0.84342 0.681 1420 222.3436 3370.044 3370.51 0.465011258

0.843425 0.681 1420 222.3365 3370.3 3370.3 0.001200644

W2 = W1 * (1-E1)

222.3364816 kg/day

To Calculate Volume

3370.300266 m3

Assumed Depth = 3 m

Area of each trickling

filter = 1123.433422 m2

BIOTOWER

So = 355 mg/L

Se = 10 mg/L

Qo = 4 MLD

= 2.777777778 m3/min

Operating temperature = 25 deg C

Ko @ 25 deg C = 0.065638926 /min

n = 0.5

R = 2

Depth = 10 m

Si = (So + RSe)/(1+R) =

Si = 125 mg/L

0.08 = 0.080000004

By Solver:

Q = 0.173566577 m3/m2/min

= 16.00410535 m2

Total Volume of reactor = 160.0410535 m3

No. Of tanks = 2

=

Organic loading rate = 8.872723396 Kg/m3/day

ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR

Q = 4 MLD

So = 355 mg/L

Se,n = 10 mg/L

Ks = 80 mg/L

Treatability Factor 'P' = 25000

g/m2/day

25000000

mg/m2/day

FOR 2 STAGE RBC

Q(So - Se2) [P*A1*Se,1/(Ks+Se1)]

= + [P*A2*Se,2/(Ks+Se2)]

A1 = Q(So - Se1)*(Ks +Se1) / P /Se1

SO,

Q(So - Se2) = Q(So - Se1) + P*A2*Se2/(Ks + Se2)

Q( Se1 - Se2) = P*A2*Se2/(Ks +Se2)

A2 = Q(Se1 - Se2) * (Ks + Se2) / P / Se2

E2 = (E - E1)/(1 - E1)

By Solver:

abs(A1 -

E1 E2 Se1 A1 A2 A2)

E1 0.79

E2 0.866

Se1 74.57994341 mg/L

Area (A1 = A2) 92.99511851 m2

No of discs, n = A/2/(Ro^2 - Ru^2)

Assume

Disc radius Ro = 1 m

Shaft Radius (Ru) = Ro - (SM*2*Ro) = 0.2 m

n = 16

minimum length of shaft = 0.32 m

Clear Spacing provided = 0.05 m

Total Spacing = 0.85 m

Total Shaft length needed = 1.17 m

Total shaft length provided = 1.2 m

Length of tank = Shaft length + end clearances

1.4 m

2.2 m

Freeboard = 0.3 m

Depth Provided = 1 m

UPFLOW ANAEROBIC SLUDGE BLaNKET REACTOR

Influent COD = 778 mg/L

So = 778 mg/L

Qavg = 4 MLD

Reactor Volume

Vn = Q*So/OLR

= 311.2 m3

Vl = Vn/E

Assume

E = 0.8

Vl = 389 m3

Reactor Dimensions

Area = Q/v

v is Design Upflow Superficial Velocity

Assuming totally soluble COD, From table 10.14 Metcalf and Eddy

v = 1 m/hr

= 24 m/day

Area = 166.6666667 m2

R = 7.282025314 m

HL = 2.334 m

Reactor Hydraulic Detention Time (HRT)

= 2.334 Hours

When no solid is recycled and all the sludge is wasted in the effluent,

Qw = 0

SRT = V*Xtss/(Q*Xe)

Xe = 150 mg/L

Xtss = SRT * Q * Xe/Vn

Sulphate Consumed = 90 %

Methanogenic Bacteria

Operating Temperature = 30 deg C

CH4 production @ 30 deg C:

V1/T1= V2/T2

Qm = 1007.227311 m3/day

Operating Temperature = 30 deg C

1T1 = 2T2

2 = 0.645066766 g/L

= 32551416.09 KJ/day

= 32551.41609 MJ/day

Alkalinity Required

Assumptions:

Gas phase contains = 35 % CO2

Alkalinit conc. Required for 35% CO2 = 1800 mg/L

Influent alkalinity = 140 mg/L

Alainity required = 1660 mg/L

SEQUENTIAL BATCH REACTOR

Q 4 MLD

BOD 355 mg/L

TSS 250 mg/L

COD 778 mg/L

TKN 35 mg/L

No. Of tanks 2

Flow/tank 2 MLD

Fill time Tf 4 hours

Reaction time Tr 2.5 hours

Settling time Ts 1 hour

Decanting time Td 0.5 hour

Tf 4 Hours

Cycle time 8 Hrs

Total cycles per day 6 cycles

MLVSS (X) 3500 mg/L

MLSS 4375 mg/L

Settled fraction Vs/Vt = X/Xs 0.525

To avoid decanting of solids, 20% freeboard liquid volume above sludge blanket is provided

0.37

Vt 2222.222 m3/cycle

DETERMINING VOLUME AND HRT BY F:M RATIO

If F:M 0.1

No. Of basins 2

Width provided 20 m

Length provided 21 m

HRT 26.67 hours

TO DETERMINE SRT

BOD Removed = 345 mg/L

BOD Removed = 1380 kg/day

Kg/Kg BOD Removed

83.33333 m3/hr

Recirculation Flow required 20.83333 m3/hr

SELECTOR ZONE (in each tank)

HRT @ design flow 1.5 hr

Volume Required 162.5 m3

Side water depth 5 m

Length Provided 15 m

Width Required 2.166667 m

Width Provided 2.2 m

Volume Provided 165 m3

O2 req. for oxidation of BOD 1.2 Kg/Kg BOD

O2 req. for oxidation of BOD 1656 Kg/day

Inlet TKN 35

Outlet NH3-N 5 mg/L

Outlet NO3-N 3 mg/L

Nitrogen assimilated at BOD oxidation (5% BOD

removed) 17.25 mg/L

Total NH3-N Nitrified 51 Kg/day

O2 req. for nitrification of NH3-N 4.56 Kg/Kg NH3-N

= 232.56 Kg/day

O2 credit during Denitrification 2.86 Kg/Kg No3-N

NO3-N Produced = NH3-N Nitrified 51 Kg/day

NO3-N in treated sewage 12 Kg/day

NO3-N Denitrified 39 Kg/day

O2 credited during denitrification 111.54 Kg/day

Total O2 Required 1777.02 Kg/day

C'sth = Csth*0.5*[(Pd/Patm,H)+(Ot/21)]

Csth = Cst*exp[gM(Za-Zb)/RT]

g = 9.81 m/s2

Moles of air M = 28.97 Kg/Kg-mol

Altitude at ground level Za = 0 m

Elevation Zb = 14 m

R = 8314 Nm/K/Kg-mol

T = 35 deg C

= 308.15 K

C'sth = 6.919246 mg/L

P'atm,H = Pa*exp[gM(Za-Zb)/RT]

Pressure at zero altitude Pa = 10.33 mWC

Patm,H = 10.31397

Aeration depth = 4.95 m

Height at which diffusers are kept = 0.2 m

Effective aeration depth = 4.75 m

Pressure at depth of air release Pd = 15.06397 m WC

% of O2 conc. Leaving the tank = 19

So, C'sth = 8.183054

Operating Oxygen Conc. CL = 2 mg/L

DO sat. con. In clean water @ 20deg C and 1 atm = 9.08 mg/L

(O2 transfer correction factor) = 0.65

( Surface Tension Correction Factor) = 0.95

F (Fouling factor) = 0.9

SOTR = 3346.983 kg/day

Std O2 required per basin = 1673.492 Kg/day

Effective aeration depth = 4.75 m

SOTE per meter = 6 %

SOTE at effective aeration depth = 28.5 %

Fraction of O2 in air = 23.18 %

Specific gravity of air @ STP = 1.293

Air required at field conditions per basin = 19591.46 Nm3/day/tank

Hours of aeration = 12 hr/tank/day

Air required = 1632.621 Nm3/hr/tank

No. Of Operating Air Blowers = 2 /tank

Capacity of air blowers required = 816.3107 Nm3/hr

Capacity of air blower provided with 25% safety

factor = 1030 Nm3/hr

No. Of operational air blowers = 4

No. Of standby air blowers = 2

SLUDGE WASTING:

No. of tanks = 2

Sludge wasted per tank = 379.5 Kg/day

No. Of cycles per tank = 3

Sludge wasted per cycle per tank = 126.5 Kg/day

Solids consistency in the wasted sludge = 0.8 %

Specific gravity of sludge = 1.03

Volume of sludge wasted per tank in one cycle = 15.35194 m3

Running time of SAS pump per cycle = 10 min

Capacity of SAS pump required = 89.42879 m3

Capacity of SAS provided = 90 m3

DISINFECTION

No. Of Units 1

Design Flow 4 MLD

166.6666667 m3/hr

HRT @ Design Flow 1 hr

Volume of Cl2 contact tank 166.6666667 m3

SWD Provided = 4 m

Width Provided = 5 m

Length required = 8.333333333 m

Length Provided = 9 m

Volume Provided = 180 m3

Freeboard = 0.5 m

CHLORINATORS

Quantity of Cl2 required = 0.833333333 Kg/hr

No. Of working Chlorinator = 1

Capacity of Chlorinator required = 0.833333333 Kg/Hr

Capacitor of chlorinator provided = 1 Kg/Hr

No. of standby chlorinator = 1

Quantity of chlorine required = 24 Kg/day

Storage Period = 30 days

Quantity of chlorine required = 720 Kg

Capacity of a chlorine toner = 928 Kg

No. of toners required = 1

No. of chlorine toners provided = 2

FACULTATIVE POND

Q = 4 MLD

BOD, So = 355 mg/L

BOD, Se = 10 mg/L

Mean temperature during winter = 18 deg C

Degradation rate constant ' k' = 0.3 /day at 20 deg C

d = 2.037037037 m

1 = 18.06875 days

Se = So/((1+kI)^n)

= 2.007867281

= 72275000 L

= 72275 m3

Area of each pond = Volume/Depth

= 35480.45455 m2

Taking L:B = 2

Bredth = 133.1924445 m

Length = 266.384889 m

POLISHING POND

No = 2000000 FC/100mL

% disinfection = 99.99 %

Ne = 200 FC/100mL

Q = 4 MLD

Kd @ 20deg C = 2.6 /day

Kd @ 25 deg C = 6.204519516 /day

HRT = 10 days

Ne/No = 0.0001

n = 2.222651943

no. of ponds = 3

Depth = 1 m

L/B = 3.00

3B^2 = 13333.33333 m2

Bredth = 66.66666667 m

Length = 200 m

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