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20.04.

2017 SAPLibraryBOMs(PPBDBOM)

BOMCategories
IntheSAPSystem,youcanuseBOMstorepresentdifferentobjects(suchasmaterials,
equipment,functionallocationBOMs,anddocuments)andtomaintainobjectspecificdata.Before
youcancreateaBOMforthecomponentpartsofanobject,theobjectmusthaveavalidmaster
recordinyoursystem.
ThefollowinggraphicshowstheobjectsforwhichyoucancreateBOMs.

MaterialBOM:BOMwithReferencetoaMaterial
Abillofmaterialthatyoucreateforamaterialisknownasa materialBOM intheSAPSystem.
TocreateamaterialmasterintheSAPSystem,youcanusethefollowingfunctions:

Material Create Immediately

Forthismaterial,thesystemcreatesamaterialmasterimmediately,soyoucanalsocreateaBOM
forit.

Material Create Schedule

Forthismaterial,thesystemonlygeneratesachangedocument.Thisiswhyyoucannotcreatea
BOMforthematerialatfirst.
Onlywhenyouactivatethescheduledmaterialdoesthesystemcreateamaterialmasterrecord.
ThenyoucancreateaBOMforit.
Thematerialmasterrecordcontainsdescriptivedatasuchasthesize,dimension,andweightof
thematerial,andcontroldatasuchasthematerialtypeandtheindustrysector.Inadditiontothis
usermaintaineddata,thematerialmasterrecordalsocontainsdatathatisupdatedbythesystem,
suchasstocks.
MaterialBOMsaremainlyusedtorepresentthestructureofproductsmanufacturedwithinyour
company.YoucanenterbothmaterialsanddocumentsascomponentsofthisBOM.Adocument
inforecordmustexistinyourSAPSystemforeachdocumentyouenter.

Note

ThisdocumentationusestheexampleofthematerialBOMtodescribeBOMfunctions.

DocumentStructure:BOMwithReferencetoaDocument
Acomplexdocumentmaybemadeupofseveraldocuments,suchasaprogram,technical
drawings,papers,andphotographs.Theserelatedinformationanddocumentationobjectsare
groupedtogetherasaunitusingadocumentstructureaBOMforadocument.

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20.04.2017 SAPLibraryBOMs(PPBDBOM)

Ineffect,youcreateaBOMforadocumentinforecord.This"BOM"isknownasa document
structure.
Youcanfindadditionalinformationonhowtomaintaindocumentstructuresinthecomponent
CA DocumentManagementSystem .IntheSAPLibraryselect CrossApplication
Components DocumentManagementSystem .

EquipmentBOM:BOMwithReferencetoanEquipment
ThesystemalsoallowsyoutomaintainBOMsforequipment(technicalobjectsforplant
maintenance).
EquipmentBOMsareusedtodescribethestructureofequipmentandtoassignsparepartsto
equipmentformaintenancepurposes.
SincetheseBOMsarelinkedtoequipment,theyareknownas equipmentBOMs.
YoucanfindadditionalinformationonhowtomaintainequipmentBOMsinthecomponentPM
MaintenanceBillofMaterial .IntheSAPLibraryselect Logistics PMPlant
Maintenance Technical Objects PMMaintenanceBillofMaterial .

FunctionalLocationBOM:BOMwithReferencetoaFunctionalLocation
Billsofmaterialforfunctionallocationsgrouptogethertheelementsofatechnicalstructure,such
asthefunctionalunitofanentireplant.
InthestandardSAPSystem,amasterrecordexistsforeachfunctionallocation.BOMsofthis
categoryarelinkedtothesemasterrecords.Thisiswhytheyareknownas functionallocation
BOMs. AfunctionallocationBOMcancontainmaterials(PMstructureelementsanditems
relevanttoplantmaintenance)anddocuments.
YoucanfindadditionalinformationonhowtomaintainfunctionallocationBOMsinthecomponent
PM MaintenanceBillofMaterial .IntheSAPLibraryselect Logistics PMPlant
Maintenance Technical Objects PMMaintenanceBillofMaterial .

OrderBOM:BOMwithReferencetoaSalesOrder
YouworkwithorderBOMswhenyouspeciallytailorthemaketoorderproductionofyourproducts
totherequirementsofyourcustomers.Inordertomeetthecustomerrequirements,salesorder
specificmodificationstovariousassembliesareoftenrequired.Furthermore,assembliesareoften
speciallyconstructedforaparticularsalesorder.
Theorderspecific,modifiedorcreatedBOMsaresavedwithreferencetomaterials,salesorders,
andsalesorderitems.BOMsofthiscategoryarelinkedtosalesorders,sotheyareknown
as salesorderBOMs or orderBOMs.
YoucancreateorderBOMsusingthevariantconfigurationaswellastheBOMprocessing
function.

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20.04.2017 SAPLibraryBOMs(PPBDBOM)

TheOrderbrowserisanavigationtoolthatyoucanusetogetanoverviewofthemultilevelBOMs
ofasalesorderitemandwhichyoucanusetonavigatethevariousprocessandevaluation
functions.
YoucanfindadditionalinformationonhowtomaintainorderBOMsunder PP Order
BOMs .IntheSAPLibraryselect Logistics PPProductionPlanningandControl
BasicData OrderBOMs .

WorkBreakdownStructureBOM:BOMwithReferencetoaProduction
Lot
Productionlotsforfinishedandsemifinishedproductscanbeplannedandmanufacturedusing
differentBOMs.Forexample,asubstitutedcomponentcantriggeratargetedcostcalculationand
evaluationperproductionlotduringtheplanningstage(beforesales.
ThenumberofaproductionlotisaWBSelementfromtheProjectSystem.Youusethisnumberto
planandmanufacturetheproductionlotforanassembly,andcalculatetheplannedandactual
costsforproducingtheassembly.
BecauseofthereferencetoaWBSelementfromtheProjectSystem,theseBOMsareknownas
WBSBOMs.
YoucanfindadditionalinformationonhowtomaintainWBSBOMsunder PP Planning
ProductionLots/EngineertoOrderProduction. IntheSAPLibraryselect Logistics PP
ProductionPlanningandControl BasicData PlanningProductionLots/Engineerto
OrderProduction .

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