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1.

- System Analyst: Position or position of IT professionals, it is about who


determines the specific problem that must solve an application and the general
lines of how to develop such application to solve the problem. He is an
indispensable person in any computer department.
2. - Applet: It is an application written and compiled in java that diffuses through the
network to execute in the client visualizer.
3. - Directory tree: The directory structure used in personal computers is
arborescent; That is to say, there are directories and subdirectories that, by way of
increasingly thin branches, are emerging from an initial trunk.
4. - File (file): They are computer documents that contain information (as opposed
to instructions), such as text, images, sound, video, etc. Eg a letter written in a
word processor.
5. - Volatile File: Temporary file, are used only to temporarily store data.
6. -ARPAnet: Network of computers created in USA For military purposes, from
which the Internet evolved.

7. - Attachment: Computer file that is sent attached to an email message. It can be


a text, a graphic, a sound or a program.
8. - Data bank: It is an electronic deposit of data.
9. - Database: A software structure that collects a wide variety of information from
different people and things (ie, from a given reality), each of which has something
in common or common fields with all or some . It was designed with the purpose of
solving and speeding up the management of the data stored in the computer
memory.
10. - Bulletin Board System: It is like an electronic wall diary that allows to
"download" or "upload" information to a central computer, to which other users of
the same system can access. That is, through software, the computer serves as a
source of information and messaging.
11. - Bit: It is the abbreviation of English Binary Digit and represents the minimum
unit of information possible, since it is equivalent to a stroke of current with a value
that can be one (that is equivalent to ignition) or zero (off).
12. - Bit, BPS (Bits per second): The transfer speed of the modems. Reason for
which data can be transmitted over a network. The number of bits per second may
differ from the baud rate since it is possible to encode more than one bit in a single
baud.
13. - Bitnet (Because It's Time NETwork): Academic network of computers that only
do e-mail and FTP, based on a protocol other than the Internet. It is currently
interconnected to the Internet through gateways or access doors.
14. - Browser: A program that is used to navigate the Web, it is something like a
pager that allows to pass pages. View WWW documents.
15. -Buffer: A memory space used as a buffer and buffer between devices in a
computer system. For example, printers usually have a buffer where the
information to be printed is temporarily stored, releasing the data from the
computer and allowing the user to continue working while the data is being printed.
There are also buffers between different internal computer devices.
16. - Byte: Information unit that corresponds to 8 bits, a character that can be a
number a symbol or a letter.
17. - Coaxial cable: Cable used by computer networks as in cable television. The
name is due to its structure: a metallic shield surrounds a central wire. The shield
protects the signal from the internal wire from electrical interference.
18. - CD-ROM: Acronym for Compact Disc-Read Only Memory or Compact Disc-
Read Only Memory (can not be recorded). They contain digital information, that is,
data that can be represented by bits: combinations of ones and zeros. Thus, at the
microscopic level, small grooves and flat sectors can be found in the grooves of the
CD, to indicate those ones and zeros, which are read by a laser beam, which runs
along the surface of the disk as it rotates.
19. - CGI (Common Getaway Interface): Common Gateway Interface. Standard
data exchange interface in WWW through which the sending of data reception
between displays and programs residing on WWW servers is organized.
20. - Chat: Conversation in real time through the Internet. While it is preferably
applied to conversations through written messages, there are also Chat that
include sound (voice) and image (video) exchange.

21. - Cyberspace: The rise of communications between computers - whose


maximum is the world macrored Internet - has created a new virtual space,
populated by millions of data, where you can "navigate" infinitely in search of
information. It is, in a contraction of cybernetics and space, cyberspace.
22. - Integrated circuit: Electronic circuit that integrates all the passive and active
elements necessary to perform a function.
23. - Bar code: Printed code used for recognition through an optical reader. System
of signs organized in bars, which allows access to specific information about the
products that carry it.
24. - Compiler: Translator program that generates machine language from a high
level programming language based on human language.
25. Computer: An electronic device capable of receiving a set of instructions and
executing them by calculating numerical data, or by compiling and correlating other
types of information.
26. - Analog computer: Computer that works with visual or acoustic signals that are
converted into a variable electrical voltage, which can be reproduced directly
through loudspeakers or stored on a tape or disk. These types of signals are much
more vulnerable to noise and interference than digital signals.
27. - Digital computer: Computer that uses, contains and manipulates information
converted to binary code, the language of numbers (zeros and ones) or machine
language used by computers to store and manipulate data.
28. - Constant: Programming structure containing data. It can contain numbers or
alphanumeric characters and the programmer assigns a unique name. It maintains
the data invariably, that is, it does not change either within the realization or within
the execution of a program.
29. - Counter: In programming: programming structure that contains alphanumeric
data and the programmer assigns a unique name, it is generally used to store the
number of times an action or cycle is executed within the execution of a program.
On the internet: device that counts the number of visits or impacts that a website
has received. It usually appears on the home page of the site.
30. - Cookie: When visiting a Web page, it is possible to receive a Cookie. This is
the name given to a small text file, which is stored on the computer's hard disk.
This file serves to identify the user when it connects back to that Web page.
31. - Darpa (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency): This agency of the
North American government created the network ARPANET, predecessor of the
Internet network.
32. - Fact: Minimum information unit, without meaning in itself, but which acquires
meaning in conjunction with other precedents of the application that created them.
33. - Block Diagram: It is a generalized diagram of components, interconnections
and functions, usually consisting of simple geometric figures almost always
rectangles, labeled to represent the different components of the hardware and
software, as well as their interconnections.
34. - Flow diagram: Graphic representation, using conventional signs, of the
process that follows the information in a given program. They are commonly used
in the application development phase by programmers.
35. - Memory Dimm: Whose meaning is Dual in line memory module. 64-bit RAM
memory designed for Pentium II, which is fairly simple to assume, has a higher
data transfer rate.
36. - Directory: A set of files grouped under the same name, which facilitates its
use and administration.
37. - Magnetic disk: Device for storing data by means of magnetic technology
consisting of a disc in which the information is recorded, for later retrieval by
means of one or more reader-recorder heads. Floppy disks and hard disks are
magnetic disks.
38. - Disquette: Simple storage unit, consisting of a "mylar" disk coated with ferrous
oxide particles, which can be magnetized and thus represent binary information.
The floppy disks can be either Dual or Low Density (it indicates that on the diskette
you can record up to 720 Kb on both types of floppy disks, for Macintosh they are
800 Kb) or High Density (it allows to record up to 1.2 Mb in the Case of the 5.25
inches or 1.44 Mb, in the 3.5 inches).
39. - Domain: Domain, field. The word domain begins to become popular among
netizens, since it refers to a part of the hierarchical name with which each entity
connected to the Internet is known. Syntactically, an Internet domain is composed
of a sequence of labels or names separated by dots.
40. - Download: It is the operation of "downloading" or downloading
41. - Email: Send and receive messages from anywhere in the world. For that you
need a box or electronic address in which it is possible to receive letters. It is also
feasible to attach documents, spreadsheets, sound and images.
42. - Scanner: Peripheral of data entry (printed text and images). Its function is to
capture this data and transmit it to the computer for later manipulation. Scanners
can work with printed text, photographs and drawings. The corresponding word in
Spanish is tracker or digitizer.
43. - Ethernet: Local area network (LAN) developed by Xerox, Digital and Intel. It is
the most widely used LAN access method (followed by Token Ring). Ethernet is a
shared media LAN. All messages are disseminated to all nodes in the network
segment. Ethernet connects up to 1,024 nodes at 10 Mbits per second over a
twisted pair, a coaxial cable and an optical fiber.
44. - Excite: Engine or document search system over the Internet.
45. - FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions or Frequently Asked Questions):
Documents containing answers to frequently asked questions that Internet users
often ask. For example, newsgroups usually have a FAQ in their messages. This
acronym is commonly used on the Internet and allows users "novices" to find
answers to their doubts.
46. - FidoNET: Email protocol that originated from Fido BBS created by Tom
Jennings in 1984. More than 10,000 FidoNet nodes are in use. Users must have
their networks active for a universal time in the early morning, and the software
must adhere to the FTSC-001 specification. The FidoNet address format is zone:
local network / node; For example, the Boardwatch Magazine address is 1:
104/555.
47. - Finger: Program that asks a remote computer who is connected there at that
moment and what is doing.
48. - Forward: Allows you to forward a received e-mail message, it can be to the
same person that sent it or to another address.
49. - Frames: Frame, picture. In computer graphics, content of a data screen or its
equivalent storage space. In communications, fixed block of data transmitted as a
single entity. Also called packet.
50. - Freeware: Software that is downloaded from the Internet and can be copied
free on PC.
51. - FTP (File Transfer Protocol): An Internet tool that allows you to connect to a
server of a company or institution to "download" a document that is considered
relevant.
52. - GigaByte: Information unit corresponding to 1,024 megabytes.
53. - GMT (Greenwich Mean Time): Greenwich Mean Time.
54. - Grapher: Program that allows to create and manipulate images of illustrations
in the computer.
55. - Hardware: All those physical components of a computer, everything visible
and tangible. By extension, it also applies to other electronic components that are
not necessarily part of a computer.
56. - Home pages: In the web it refers to the home pages that link to other related
pages.
57. - HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): The language in which documents used
on the Internet are written.

58. - HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): Communication protocol between clients


and Web servers.
59. - Hub: A device that receives several communication lines from the network
and connects them to each other and to another sector of the network.
60. - ICQ: it is a play on words, which takes its origin in the pronunciation in English
of these three letters. His literal pronunciation is approximately "ai si qiu" that
sounds almost the same as "I seek you" in Spanish "I look for you", and that is
precisely what the program does, searches the Internet for people who have
registered and allows you to In contact with them.
61. - Printer: A computer peripheral designed to copy text and images in color or
black and white on hard media (paper, acetate, etc.).
62. - Inkjet printer: A printer that works by means of a series of nozzles that project
tiny drops of ink, so that the accumulation of drops allows the formation of letters,
images, etc. This class of printers has been imposed by offering a high quality of
impression at an acceptable price.
63. - Dot or impact matrix printer: These are printers that work with a head formed
by several needles or "pins", which fall on a moving belt, similar to the operation of
typewriters.
64. - Inbox: Window of the client e-mail in which the received messages are listed.
65. - Index: In general computing is an index in a directory of storage locations on
a disk of records, files, programs, etc. In the organization of random access
storage devices the index contains the name of the key (record identifier), the
name of the file or program and a pointer, either to a physical location on the disk
or to another index. Its function is similar to the index of a book. On the internet an
index is usually the home or home page where all the topics that the site contains
to access them.
66 Hard Disk Drive, HDD) is a non-volatile data storage device that uses a
magnetic recording system to store digital data.
67. - Informatics: Science of automatic and rational treatment of information,
considered as support of knowledge and communications, through computers.
Hearing aids are electronic instruments composed of two mechanisms that modify
the electrical waves, making them sound waves, their design adapts very well to
the head of the person, adjusting to the ears, achieving in this way that people can
perceive the sounds better. The headphones capture the sounds through a
microphone, then an amplifier is in charge of increasing the volume and to
conclude once the electric waves are amplified they are transformed again into
sound waves through a tiny loudspeaker.
69. - Internet 2: Project that is already underway to improve the internet which is
about the possibility of surfing the network at a speed of 622 megabits per second,
more than 1000 times the current available speed.
70. - Intranet: A network of services similar to the Internet, but limited to computers
of a single computer network. It may be an isolated network, ie not connected to
the Internet.
71.-Java: Language developed by Sun Microsystems for the elaboration of
exportables applications to the network and able to operate on any platform
through, normally, of WWW visualizers. It allows to create applications as well as
small programs for Internet, internal networks and any other type of distributed
networks.
72. - JavaScript: A cross-platform WWW command language developed by
Netscape Communications. The JavaScript code is inserted directly into an HTML
page.
73. - Kilobyte: Unit of measure used in computing that equals 1,024 bytes.
74. - Lan (Local Area Network): Local area network. The term LAN defines the
physical and logical connection of computers in a generally office environment. Its
objective is to share resources (such as access to the same printer or database)
and allows the exchange of files between the computers that make up the network
75 RAM Card: Random-access memory is used as working memory for the
operating system, programs, and most software.
Processor: The processor is the brain of the system, in charge of processing all the
information. It is the component where the latest technology is used.
78. - Login: Identification or electronic name of an email user. It is equivalent to the
name of the box (account) that that user has on the e-mail server. It is an
identification or connection entry.
79. - Logout: Exit the system, disconnect.
80. - Lycos: Engine or document search system via the Internet.
81. - Mailbox: Email client.
82. - Mainframes: Great computers of many processors.
83. - Megabyte: Unit of measure used in computing that is equivalent to 1,024
Kilobytes.
It is composed of one or more plates or rigid disks, joined by a same axis that
rotates at high speed inside a sealed metal box.
84. Modem: A modem (Demodulator Modulator) is a device used to send a signal
called a modulator by another signal called a carrier. Modems have been used
since the 1960s, mainly because the direct transmission of intelligible electronic
signals over long distances is not efficient, eg to transmit audio signals through the
air, large antennas would be required. Order of hundreds of meters) for its correct
reception.
85. Fan: A fan is a fluid machine designed to produce an air stream. The older fans
were manual, like pankah. The most common model today is electric and consists
of a impeller with rotating blades producing a difference of pressures.
86. Sound card: A sound card or sound card is an expansion card for computers
that allows the output of audio under the control of a computer program called
driver.
87. Video card: A graphics card or video card is a printed circuit board responsible
for transforming electrical signals arriving from the microprocessor into information
understandable and representable by the computer screen.
88. Memory: Memory is a function of the brain and, at the same time, a
phenomenon of the mind that allows the organism to encode, store and evoke the
information of the past. It arises as a result of repetitive synaptic connections
between neurons, creating neural networks (so-called long-term potentiation).
89. Fans: Coolers are especially used in power sources, usually at the back of the
computer cabinet. Additional coolers for the microprocessor and overheating
boards are also currently included. They are even sometimes used in different
parts of the cabinet for general cooling.
90. PORTS: In computing, an ATA port or port is a generic way of naming an
interface through which different types of data can be sent and received. Such an
interface may be of the physical type, or it may be at the software level (eg, ports
allowing data transmission between different computers) (see below for more
details), in which case the term logic port .
91. CD and DVD: The DVD is an optical data storage disk whose standard came
out in 1995. Its acronym corresponds to Digital Versatile Disc [1] in English (digital
versatile disc translated to Spanish). In its beginnings, the intermediate v referred
to video (digital videodisk), due to its development as replacement of the format
VHS for the distribution of video to the homes.
92. BATTERY: basically used to keep the internal clock of the computer updated ie
keep the date and time correct. It also helps to maintain and maintain equipment
configuration when the computer is turned off or the power is cut off as it sends
small amounts of power to the CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide
Semiconductor) chip that has instructions.
93. MOUSE: The mouse or mouse is a small device that allows you to point and
enter information. It is called a mouse because of its appearance. A mouse is
regularly dragged on a flat surface (desk or table) the movement made by the
mouse is reflected inside the monitor by means of an arrow called a mouse pointer.
The action of pressing and releasing a button is called a click.
94 KEYBOARD: In computer science a keyboard is an input peripheral or device,
partly inspired by the keyboard of typewriters, which uses a button or key
arrangement, to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches that send
information to the computer. computer. After perforated cards and paper tapes,
interaction via teletype style keyboards became the primary means of entry for
computers.
95. CABINET: The cabinet of a computer, although it does not seem to be, is one
of the most important elements of the PC, since its main task is to house and
maintain in its interior the various devices that compose it:
96. SPEAKER: The speakers allow you to listen to different kinds of sounds
emitted by the computer, which sometimes indicate something in particular.
97 MONITOR: The computer monitor is a display that shows the user the results of
processing a computer through an interface.
98. WEB CAM: A webcam or network camera [1] (in English: webcam) is a small
digital camera connected to a computer, which can capture images and transmit
them through the Internet, either to a web page or Other or other computers
privately.
99. Microphone: The microphone allows you to enter information in the form of
sound, such as writing a letter in which the same computer could write it for you.
100. Usb: A USB (Universal Serial Bus) memory is a storage device that uses a
flash memory to store information. It is also known by the name of USB flash drive,
memory stick, USB pen, hard minidisk, memory unit, memory key, among others.
The first models required a battery, but the current ones no longer.