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Roll. No. 1505

Semester :- 2nd

Session 2016-2021
A developing country, also called a less developed country or an underdeveloped country, is
a nation or a sovereign state with a less developed industrial base and a low Human
Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. There are no universally agreed-upon
criteria for what makes a country developing versus developed and which countries fit these two
categories, although there are general reference points such as a nation's GDP per capita
compared with other nations. Also, the general term less-developed country should not be
confused with the specific least developed country. The term "developing" describes a currently
observed situation and not a dynamic or expected direction of progress. Since the late 1990s
developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than the developed ones.

There is criticism of the use of the term developing country. The term implies inferiority of a
developing country or undeveloped country compared with a developed country, which many
countries dislike. It assumes a desire to develop along the traditional Western model of economic
development which a few countries, such as Cuba and Bhutan, choose not to follow. An
alternative measurement that has been suggested is that of gross national happiness. Countries on
the boundary between developed and developing are often categorized under the term newly
industrialized countries.

In the 2016 edition of its World Development Indicators, the World Bank made a decision to no
longer distinguish between developed and developing countries in the presentation of its
data. Nobody has ever agreed on a definition for these terms in the first place.

Development is a buzz word one often hears in both the study and practice of international
relations. While various terms are used to describe states in relation to development (i.e.
developing versus developed ) such terms do not capture the amazing amount of complexity and
various cultural, political, economic and even ecological state of countries within the
international system. Moreover these terms may not adequately capture alterative
conceptualizations of development (i.e. GNHgross national happiness) or the mechanisms
which keep countries in perpetual states of underdevelopment. The principal goal of this project
is to examine the political trends and patterns that have historically shaped and continue to
influence the socio-political and economic development of the developing world. In doing so, I
will explore various theories and concepts scholars have used to try to come to terms with the
notion of development, and how to achieve it. In doing so I will explore various thematic
questions throughout the semester, questions such as what is development? How do we measure
it? Do we know a country is developing simply by looking at its economic growth, or do we
need to use more comprehensive measures of development? How does a countrys history affect
its development? Are extremely underdeveloped countries indefinitely trapped in poverty? Is
economic globalization good for development? What is the role of Western nations? These and
many other questions will be posed and explored.
Some of the general themes covered in this course include important topics like modernization
and dependency theories, structural adjustment, the role of the West in fostering (or suppressing)
development, the role of the South in perpetuating their own underdevelopment, the impact of
liberalization policies on development, as well as the often discussed concepts of democracy and
civil society.
Aims and Objective
1. To know the development of countries in past situation.
2. What are the good factors which helps in developing the country.
3. Role of UN, International Organization and International Agency in
development of countries.

1. Introduction.
2. Contribution of international organization in changing world.
3. Political factors that affect development.
4. Development of India in world politics.
5. Conclusion and suggestion.

1. Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences With Democracy by Larry

Diamond and Juan J Linz
2. Power in World Politics By Richard J. Stoll; Michael D. War
3. Women in World Politics: An Introduction By Francine D'Amico; Peter R. Beckman