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Magnetic Levitation Levitation Magnets


Related Questions
How do magnetic levitation trains work?
How do I make a levitation magnetic train?

6 Answers How does a magnetically levitated train stop?

Where is magnetic levitation used?


Dhwanil Shah, Learn more, answer better!
Written 4 Mar 2014 What is the principle of magnetic levitation?
Maglev is short for Magnetic Levitation in which trains float on a guideway using the
How can we make a project on bullet trains by using
principle of magnetic repulsion. Each magnet has two poles. Now if you play with two magnets, magnetic levitation?
you'll realize that opposite poles attract, whereas similar poles repel. This repulsive property of
magnets is used in Maglev trains. However,instead of using permanent magnets, the principle How does the bullet train run on magnetic levitation?
of electromagnetism is used to create strong and large temporary magnets. When an electric How is the speed of the train controlled?
current is passed through a coil of wire, magnetic field is generated around the coil according to
How does a magnet car work?
Faraday's laws.
How much can a magnet levitate?

What can levitate a magnet and where can I buy one?

What are magnets? How do they work?

A Maglev thus requires three major components:-

A large electrical power source


Metal coils lining a guideway or track
Large guidance magnets attached to the underside of the train

Maglev track

Magnetized coils run along the track caleed a guideway. These repel the large magnets on the
train's undercarriage, allowing the train to levitate between 0.39 and 3.93 inches (1 to 10 cm)
above the guideway. Once the train is levitated, power is supplied to the coils within the
guideway walls to create a unique system of magnetic fields that pull and push the train along
the guideway. The electric current supplied to the coils in the guideway walls is constantly
alternating to change the polarity of the magnetized coils. This change in polarity causes the
magnetic field in front of the train to pull the vehicle forward, while the magnetic field behind
the train adds more forward thrust.
Maglev trains float on a cushion of air, eliminating friction. This lack of friction and the trains'
aerodynamic designs allow these trains to reach unprecedented ground transportation speeds of
more than 310 mph (500 kph). Developers say that maglev trains will eventually link cities that
are up to 1,000 miles (1,609 km) apart. At 310 mph, you could travel from Paris to Rome in just
over two hours.

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Above is an image of the guideway for the Yamanashi maglev test line in Japan.

Transrapid09 at the Emsland test facility in Germany

Source : HowStuffWorks "Learn How Everything Works!"


34.7k Views View Upvotes

Related Questions More Answers Below

How do I make a levitation magnetic train?


How does a magnetically levitated train stop?
Where is magnetic levitation used?
What is the principle of magnetic levitation?
How can we make a project on bullet trains by using magnetic levitation?

John Walker, BA in Natural Sciences, specializing in Physics. Retired Science


teacher.
Written 20 Nov 2016
When something becomes superconducting, i.e. it has zero electrical resistance, usually at an
extremely low temperature, it excludes a magnetic field. So, if a magnet is placed on a
superconducting material, it levitates.

This is the principle that is behind magnetic levitation trains. The superconducting coils are
typically placed on the train itself, and are cooled by some liquified gas, such as liquid helium,
and the rails are made up of electromagnets. This produces the levitation. To get motion, pulses
of current are sent down the rail magnets, and work a bit like peristalsis.

The motion is completely frictionless, apart from air resistance, so they have very streamlined
cross-sections. Such trains can reach remarkably high speeds. Typical top speeds are close to
300mph.
4.5k Views View Upvotes

Arthur Boccuti
Written 26 May 2016
I'm not a physicist or even an electrical engineer, so don't be to critical if this answer isn't exactly
correct. And there probably are several ways to achieve mag-levation. Here is one to

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contemplate. The like ends of two magnets Will repell each other. So attaching an electromagnet
to the track and one to the coach, with negative pole of each facing out will cause a repulsive
force field lifting the coach. Varing the voltage to the seperate magnets will cause an imbalance
and propel the coach forward. Hope this is helpful. Artu
6.6k Views View Upvotes

Ashish Devnani, studied at Bachelors in Electrical and Electronics Engineering


Written 11 Oct 2016
Magnetic Levitation Trains float over a guide-way using the basic principles of magnets to
replace the old steel wheel and track trains

Opposite poles attract and like poles repel each other. This is the basic principle behind
electromagnetic propulsion. Electromagnets are similar to other magnets in that they attract
metal objects, but the magnetic pull is temporary.

The magnetic field created in this wire-and-battery experiment is the simple idea behind a
maglev train rail system. There are three components to this system:

1.A large electrical power source

2.Metal coils lining a guide-way or track

3.Large guidance magnets attached to the underside of the train

Maglev train has an engine which differs from a conventional electric engine. The magnetic field
created by the electrified coils in the guide-way walls and the track combine to propel the train.

The magnetized coil running along the track, called a guide-way, repels the large magnets on the
train's undercarriage, allowing the train to levitate between 1 to 10 centimeters above the guide-
way. Once the train is levitated, power is supplied to the coils within the guide-way walls to create
a unique system of magnetic fields that pull and push the train along the guide-way. The electric
current supplied to the coils in the guide-way walls is constantly alternating to change the
polarity of the magnetized coils. This change in polarity causes the magnetic field in front of the
train to pull the vehicle forward, while the magnetic field behind the train adds more forward
thrust.

Maglev trains float on a cushion of air, eliminating friction. This lack of friction and the trains'
aerodynamic designs allow these trains to reach unprecedented ground transportation speeds of
more than 500 kph. With this speed you could cover the distance between Mumbai and
Ahmedabad in 1 hour if the train runs non-stop.
6.4k Views View Upvotes

Gonzalo Pelaez, age 70, civil engineer (structural, hydraulics,


forensic)philosopher, pedagogue
Written 9 Jan
Ever played with two magnets? Same concept. A magnet has a positive and a negative end, same
sign ends attract, opposite sign ends repel.
1.5k Views View Upvotes

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