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EGC 2173


Experiment 2

Particle size analysis

Name ID
Shafraz Abu Backer I16010001
Kiranraj a/l murali krishnan I16011474

Lecturer: Miss Nurul Ain

The particle-size distribution (PSD) of a powder, or granular material, or particles
dispersed in fluid, is a list of values or a mathematical function that defines the
relative amount, typically by mass, of particles present according to size. Significant
energy is usually required to disintegrate soil, etc. particles into the PSD that is then
called a grain size distribution.

To obtain the particle size distribution and the grading curve of soils around INTI

Test sieves(size 1.18mm.600mircro meter,300 micro meter,150 micro meter,
and 75 micro meter)

1. Carry out the particle size test by using the specimen from the moisture
content determination (exp 1)
2. Inspect every sieve from defects, such as tears, split, large holes, etc.
3. Sieves are angled together with the largest aperture sieve at top and remaining
pan under the smaller aperture sieve at bottom.
4. Sieving by using the mechanical shaker. The whole nest of sieves with
receiving pan is placed in the shaker, and the dried soils is placed in the top
sieve, which is then fitted with the lid.
5. Set the agitation in the shaker for 10minutes.
6. The material on each sieve is transferred to the pan of a suitable balance or to
a weighed container.
7. Any particles lodged in the aperture of the sieve should be carefully removed
with a sieve brush.
8. Weighing of each size fraction should be to an accuracy of 0.1%. The masses
retained are recorded against the sieve aperture size on the particle size test
work sheet.
9. Carry on with the calculation and plot the particle size distribution curve and
tabulate the data.


BS test sieve size Mass Total mass Cumulative Total passing

retaine retained percentage
1.18mm 72 928.3
600nm 141 586.7
300nm 80 453.2
150nm 149 358.8
75nm 45 329.7
Pan 24

Moisture content= moisture lose/dry soil

Average: 17.35+22.89+26.96/3=22.4%
Reported moisture content= 22.4%

In this experiment the moisture content of 3 sample is quick similar, due to the sample
is took from the same places. The sample also placed in a same oven which is 110
The average moisture content of all 3 samples gave a calculated value of 22.4% which
is the natural moisture content of the soil sample that was given. The calculated
differences among the samples were 9.61% from the highest to the lowest. From the
calculations Sample C was shown to have the highest moisture content at a value of
26.96% and sample B had the lowest moisture content at a value of 17.35%