3 views

Original Title: Huong Huynh Lan - Report

Uploaded by Lan Hương

- Assignment Management
- WellheadNodalGas-SonicFlow
- Class 8 Cbse Science Sample Paper Term 1 Model 2
- Steel Plates Weight d 1561
- Boon Traduction Nasa
- 33 CFR 183
- Well Head Nodal
- 3.2 Understanding Presure in Liquids
- SPE-13810-MS
- Mk @MSITStore C Program Files
- Exam 1 Solution Chapter 1 of thremodynamics
- APSC131.08.Gases.lecture.1
- Thermodynamics
- 201401_UEMK3223_Topic_02-5_Pneumatic_B_W_.pdf
- Impulse
- 2 Science Framework Matter Framework.pdf
- ME2121 Tutorial 2
- China's Resource Products Pricing Ladder Will Welcome the Era
- Humidity Derate Chart
- 1_5-catalys-HTSC

You are on page 1of 8

ID: 238176

PROJECT EXERCISE 6

WELL BORE FLOW

1. Use the pressure solution above and show that the well head pressure

T y T y

2Ngp /( T /Tbh ) 2 2(Ngp /( T /Tbh )) 1

T y N fp

p pbh 1 1 1 1

Tbh L 2(Ngp (T / Tbh )) Tbh L Tbh L

At wellhead, y = L

T

2Ngp /( T /Tbh )

N fp T

2

T 2(Ngp /( T /Tbh ))1

pwh pbh 1 1 1 1

Tbh 2(Ngp (T / Tbh )) Tbh Tbh

T

L1 1

Tbh

E1 2N / (T / T )

gp bh

2

N fp T

L2 2(N (T / T )) 1 T

bh bh

gp

E 2 2(Ngp / (T / Tbh )) 1

2. Estimate an average z-factor and define the error Z, based on the function Z = Z(p) given

in the data file NGASDATA.DAT.

1 1 P2 1

Z P2 P1 P1 Z

dP Z 0.9339

3. Calculate the relative uncertainty in the well head pressure, p/pwh as function of the

relative uncertainty in the z-factor, Z/Z.

b

P ae b / Z dP / d Z a 2

eb/ Z

Z

ba P ba b / Z Z P ba b / Z Z

P 2 e b / Z Z 2 e 2 e b/ Z

(because P ae b / Z )

Z P Z P P Z ae

P b Z P Z N b

Ngp (because P ae b / Z and also P ae gp Ngp )

P Z Z P Z Z

MggL cos( ) 0.027 9.8 3000 cos0

We have, Ngp 0.26

ZRT 0.9339 8.314 392

4. Define the uncertainty in the well head pressure (in bars) as function of the uncertainty in

the z-factor.

Z 0.0307

The relative uncertainty in the z-factor: Z 0.0307 0.0329

Z 0.9339

The relative uncertainty in the well head pressure:

P Z

Ngp 0.26 0.0329 0.008569 0.8%

P Z

The relative uncertainty in estimating the wellhead pressure is about 0.8%

5. Use the data given in the NGASDATA.DAT as a Base Case simulation model and plot the

three pressures as mentioned above (in the same plot).

Pressure Profile

500

450 Average Pressure

400 Bottom hole Pressure

350 Wellhead Pressure

Pressure (Bar)

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

Time (days)

Explain why the well head pressure is declining more towards the end of the well production time.

Due to the pressure difference between well head pressure and bottom hole pressure, also at

the beginning, the well head pressure is lower than the bottom hole pressure, Pwh dropped faster

than Pbh.

Comment on the pressure difference between the well head pressure and the bottom hole pressure,

as function of time.

At the early times, the wellhead pressure is particularly lower than the bottom hole pressure.

As the time passes, the pressure difference is smaller because more gas is produced, the gas becomes

lighter, heavy component condensed and dropped out in the reservoir which reduces the potential

pressure difference. On the other hand, the well head pressure is affected by the atmospheric

pressure. Pwh is squeezed between Pa and the decreasing Pbh, therefore pressure difference is

smaller.

6. Run a sensitivity on the Base Case model where the average reservoir permeability is

reduced by 80%. Plot the three pressure proles and explain the consequences of reduced

permeability.

Pressure Profile

500

450

Average Pressure

400

Bottom hole Pressure

350

Pressure (Bar)

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

Time (days)

When the reservoir permeability reduced by 80% (20 mD), the average pressure and bottom

hole pressure are more distinguish than in the previous case (base case) since in low permeability

reservoir, we have higher drawdown pressure. Hence, the abandonment pressure was reached at

earlier period (~200 days shorter).

In terms of well head pressure, it falls faster due to the difference in pressure between the

well head and bottom hole.

The changes in reservoir permeability affects the drawdown pressure (Pwh and P average), in

which the Pwh is reduced significantly when the permeability is reduced. The relationship between

well head and bottom hole is not affected by the permeability. However, since the Pwh is changed

(dropped more when permeability is reduced), the wellhead pressure is consequently being adjusted

(reduced and reached the abandonment pressure faster).

7. Plot the well head pressure as function of a dip angle equal to 45o and compare with the

Base Case model. Use the same well length.

Pressure Profile

400

350 Wellhead Pressure (45 deg.)

300 Wellhead Pressure (0 deg.)

Pressure (Bar)

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

Time (days)

The well depth of inclined well is shorter than the vertical well, hence the gravitational effect

on pressure drop is less (particularly half). Since the frictional effect is the same for same well length

(3000 m), the pressure drop of inclined well is smaller than the vertical well leads to the higher well

head pressure in inclined well.

Also, as the bottom hole pressure approaches the terminal pressure, so must the well head

pressures which for two cases the pressure profiles are nearly the same at the end of production time.

Is it right to use the same well length when comparing vertical well flow to the case of inclined well

flow?

When using the same well length, the frictional pressure drop is kept constant but the gravitational

(potential) pressure drop is different (the acceleration affect was ignored). So it depends the point of

studying the effect of which parameter of the pressure profile of the well.

8. Assume the same reservoir depth as in the Base Case model and a location of the platform

some 1500 m north of the position in the Base Case. Plot the well-head pressures and

compare it to the Base Case model. Explain the difference observed between the two well-

head pressures.

Pressure Profile

400

350

2nd case

300

Pressure (Bar)

200

150

100

50

0

0 400 800 1200 1600

Time (days)

There is no difference between this case (new scenario: new well has 3354m length and

inclination of 26.6 degree). As having the same depth, the gravitational pressure drop is the same for

two cases. A slightly different in well length and inclination did not affect much in the pressure profile

of the 2nd case. The well head pressure difference is approximately 1 bar.

9. Run a sensitivity on the Base Case model where the gas flow rate is reduced to 70%.

Compare the two cases and relate the observation to the change in pressure in the well.

At the beginning, the two pressures are equal. However, the smaller pressure difference in

lower rate case leads to the slower dropping rate of the well head pressure. It can be explained that

when the flow rate is reduced, less gas is produced per time and consequently the production time

increases to produce the same amount of gas in place (as compared with the base case)

Pressure Profile

400

350 3.5x10^5 Sm3/d

300 5x10^5 Sm3/d

Pressure (Bar)

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500

Time (days)

Is the total energy consumption larger or smaller in the case of reduced well rate?

The total energy consumption is smaller in the case of reduced well rate.

10. Run a sensitivity on the Base Case model where the well bore diameter is reduced to half its

value and plot the well-head pressure. Compare the two pressures.

Pressure Profile

400

350

D=0.1m D=0.2m

300

Pressure (Bar)

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 400 800 1200 1600

Time (days)

Give a short explanation for the observed pressure difference. What about energy consumption in

this case?

The pressure drop in the wellbore increases when the tubing diameter is reduced. With the

same gas rate, the frictional effect is higher in the cased of reduced diameter, in consequence the

pressure drop is higher and the wellhead pressure is lower than the base case. Also, as the pressure

drop of narrow well bore is increased through time, significantly near the end of production, the

minimum well head pressure is reached sooner. In terms of energy consumption, since the drawdown

is higher, more energy is consumed in this narrow well bore.

11. Use the data contained in the log-file from the Base Case model and plot the minimum

unloading rate, the KINETIC VS. FRICTION parameter and the Reynold's number verifying

constant friction factor f.

Reynold's number Minimum unloading rate

4.00E+06 2.00E+05

3.00E+06 1.50E+05

Sm3/day

2.00E+06 1.00E+05

1.00E+06 5.00E+04

0.00E+00 0.00E+00

0 500 1000 1500 0 500 1000 1500

Time (days) Time (days)

0.006

0.005

0.004

0.003

0.002

0.001

0

0 500 1000 1500

Time (days)

Are the condition under which the pressure equation was derived, satisfied?

Because the kinetic vs friction parameter is far less than 1, means that the kinetic term is far

less than the frictional term, hence the assumed condition in which the kinetic term was ignored is

satisfied.

12. Run two sensitivities relative the Base Case where the water production is set to 0.1% and

0.2% of gas flow rate. Plot the well head pressure in the three cases (including the Base

Case).

Water produced together with the gas will increase the pressure drop in the well, since the

gravitational term is increased (due to the increasing in fluid density). Also because more energy is

needed to lift the water from the reservoir to the surface.

Higher pressure drop in the well means lower well-head pressure. The water production

dramatically reduces the well-head pressure. Increased associated water production will therefore

eventually kill the well sooner by bringing the well-head pressure below the minimum well head

pressure much faster than others.

Pressure Profile

400

Wp=0

350

Wp=0.001

300

Wp=0.002

Pressure (Bar)

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 500 1000 1500 2000

Time (days)

Observe the minimum unloading rate in the three cases and present them in the same plot.

2.10E+05

Wp=0

1.90E+05

Wp=0.001

1.70E+05

Wp=0.002

1.50E+05

Sm3/day

1.30E+05

1.10E+05

9.00E+04

7.00E+04

5.00E+04

0 400 800 1200 1600

Time (days)

The minimum unloading rate in the three cases are having the same declining rate. However,

as more water is produced, the minimum loading rate is smaller, means that it is harder to produce

gas when water is also being produced.

13. Run the 0.2% water production case with 0.2% water injection and compare this case with

the Base Case. Does water influx have any relevance to the minimum unloading rate in this

case?

The trend of well head pressure in this studying case is the same with previous case. Since

water influxes and is produced, the pressure drop is higher than base case hence, the well head

pressure is lower and reaching the minimum faster, means that the production period is shorter.

The minimum rate is therefore higher than base case, makes it harder for gas production even

if there is pressure support from water influx.

Pressure Profile

400

350

Wp=0

300

Pressure (Bar) Water influxed and produced

250

200

150

100

50

0

0 400 800 1200 1600

Time (days)

2.10E+05

1.90E+05

1.70E+05

Sm3/day

1.50E+05

1.30E+05

1.10E+05

base case

9.00E+04

Water influxed and produced

7.00E+04

5.00E+04

0 400 800 1200 1600

Time (days)

- Assignment ManagementUploaded byJayvee Coliao
- WellheadNodalGas-SonicFlowUploaded bythe_soldier_15_1
- Class 8 Cbse Science Sample Paper Term 1 Model 2Uploaded bySunaina Rawat
- Steel Plates Weight d 1561Uploaded byArmando Duarte
- Boon Traduction NasaUploaded byMourad Targaoui
- 33 CFR 183Uploaded byCamiloAnzoateguiMendoza
- Well Head NodalUploaded bymath62210
- 3.2 Understanding Presure in LiquidsUploaded byreaniza
- SPE-13810-MSUploaded byMuhammad Umar Khalid
- Mk @MSITStore C Program FilesUploaded byCH1253
- Exam 1 Solution Chapter 1 of thremodynamicsUploaded byjay1191
- APSC131.08.Gases.lecture.1Uploaded byalamin000
- ThermodynamicsUploaded byangel023cute
- 201401_UEMK3223_Topic_02-5_Pneumatic_B_W_.pdfUploaded byOng Qixiang
- ImpulseUploaded byDami
- 2 Science Framework Matter Framework.pdfUploaded bydesiree ann cuerpo
- ME2121 Tutorial 2Uploaded byjoshua_chan_10
- China's Resource Products Pricing Ladder Will Welcome the EraUploaded bysolids_control
- Humidity Derate ChartUploaded byMd Sh
- 1_5-catalys-HTSCUploaded bySukmanto dibyo
- AbstractUploaded byYahya Isied
- Estática de FluidosUploaded byhermez19
- Fluid Flow Through Packed BedUploaded byAmartya Mitra
- che101jan42012Uploaded byBernard Ong
- pascal's principle for pressureUploaded byBryan Jesher Dela Cruz
- Bab 3Uploaded bylilysuhany
- Economic Consideration for Flowline Heat Loss ControlUploaded byKaique Dantas
- CalcI&II Compre.2ndsem1718(1)Uploaded byDianne Aicie Arellano
- Design Calculation(Cst,Unit-10) - CopyUploaded bykanishkmechengg
- ATE - 2014 - Gomez-Garcia - Moving Bed Syngas Conditioning - ModellingUploaded byagg_1984

- Interest Tables.pdfUploaded byThrishnaa BalasupurManiam
- krilova1987.pdfUploaded byLan Hương
- krilova1987.pdfUploaded byLan Hương
- Lecture 6 HwUploaded byLan Hương
- PET630 - Tutorial.pdfUploaded byLan Hương
- Assignment 2Uploaded byLan Hương
- PET635 Problem Solution - Huong Huynh LanUploaded byLan Hương
- VerbLita.pdfUploaded byAdis Kadrić
- IntroductiontoMATLABAug2016ver1.2Uploaded byLan Hương
- Case OFCUploaded byLan Hương
- Exam PreviewUploaded byLan Hương
- Norske VerbUploaded byjmildow
- hw11Uploaded byLan Hương
- Project DescriptionUploaded byLan Hương
- Personal Decisions are the Leading Cause of Death.pdfUploaded byLan Hương
- Bài Vật LýUploaded byLan Hương
- Huong Huynh Lan - ReportUploaded byLan Hương
- 14 de Thi Cuoi HK Dap SoUploaded byLan Hương
- Tiểu Luận Môn QTKD - làm thế nào để trở thành người quản lý dự án tài năngUploaded byLan Hương
- Nhiet Luong Va CongUploaded byLương Chí Minh
- kiem_tra_lan_1_HK1_2009-2010_-_bai_giaiUploaded byLan Hương
- Chapter 1Uploaded byHa Giang Ngoc
- Cac de Thi Giua HK ElearningUploaded byLan Hương
- BT_KKAUploaded byLan Hương
- Project Exercise 1 - Huong Huynh LanUploaded byLan Hương
- Project Exercise 1 - Huong Huynh LanUploaded byLan Hương
- Vd c.ii - Dlnd i Va Qtnd Cb Cua KltUploaded byLan Hương
- KNCB_va_PTTT_of_CKUploaded byLan Hương
- 1 So Bai k.tra Giua KyUploaded byLan Hương

- aha-elfUploaded byJanuar Adriadi
- Debt Validation Letter 1 DVL1Uploaded byShanae
- Test+FyBCh20 21NVC05+Magnetic+Induction+&+AC+CircuitsUploaded byEpic Win
- Theoretical / Empirical Literature on Economic DevelopmentUploaded bydussanthab
- Between purity and hybridism Brazilian mythsUploaded byRaoni Guerra
- 8676__eserver_xseries_335.pdfUploaded byJacob Vowles
- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ - TruBolt Mechanical AnchoringUploaded byjlolhnp
- Cloze Test ShaiUploaded byRhom'zy Villa
- Mainland vs. Movilla LaborUploaded byCharo Bayani Chio
- The Rites of CyberspaceUploaded byfsimsdc
- 06 Forging.pptxUploaded byEm Rizky
- Texto Narrativo LENG11 Imprimible DocenteUploaded byAsrael
- PharDose Lab Prep 19-30Uploaded byAngelyka Cabalo
- Electrical InstallationUploaded byds_engenharia8817
- Feudal DictionaryUploaded byPaula Urbani
- DS8406Uploaded byM Azri Zulkipli
- Case Study for Chapter 1Uploaded byMurali Krishna Velaveti
- Financial statement Q2-2018.xlsxUploaded byBharath Simha Reddy
- Marginal CostingUploaded byShivani Jain
- Intel 8253 - Programmable Interval TimerUploaded byGaganBhayana
- Alomo Bitters DataUploaded bybiodunagbaje
- Cadence DC 2014 Open-ProjectUploaded byAtul Thakur
- Chapter 3 Presentation - Motion in 2 Dimensions (1)Uploaded byCharles Nguyen
- Free Radical Vinyl PolymerizationUploaded bylinhmung
- F1798.1479757-1Uploaded byThaweekarn Changthong
- Ericsson UTRAN Field Guide Notification Alert - EUL Serving Admission IncreaseUploaded byZamroniMohammad
- 2.Dataset - Acme Realty – Forecasting Home Sales PriceUploaded byRockzz Vedu
- Other Worlds Than Ours; The Plurality of Worlds StudiedUploaded byDorin Molodozhan
- Kaizen Event Planner Flyer.pdfUploaded byA M
- QUALITY_CONTROL_AND_MANAGEMENT.pdfUploaded byMasnun Rahman