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1-Islam, a religion of peace

Or
Islam and terrorism
Outline:
1. All the religions and laws give the message of peace.
2. People of all the religions have committed terrorism.
3. Miss-interpretation of Islam.
4. Like all the other religions of the world, Islam promotes peace, love and
harmony.
5. Islam forbids killing of innocent people.
6. Acts of different terrorist groups do not represent Islam.
7. Conclusion.
Essay:
All the religions and laws give the message of peace. It is man who distorts their
true sense. This does not make these religions and laws evil.
People of different religions have committed terrorism. History shows that Christians
and Jews had committed it in past and are still committing it. Islam is basically miss-
interpreted by those who do not comprehend it or distort it for their own interests.
Actually, it is conspiracy which is hatched by Western media.
Like all other religions Islam promotes peace, love and harmony among people.
Actually the word Islam is derived from the Arabic word Slam which means peace.
The Muslims greet each other by saying Slam (peace be upon you). Islam
advocates peace and rejects aggression. The relation of Muslims depends on peace,
mutual respect and trust. The theme of Quran is peace.
Islam forbids killing of innocent people. Islam condemns killing of people merely
because they belong to different religion. The Quran gives absolute freedom of
religion in a society. It does not allow Muslims to fight except for self defense or to
enforce peace.
Regrettably, many terrorist groups are using the name of Islam for their own
benefits. This gives non-Muslims a chance to declare Islam and Muslims terrorists.
On the other hand, other Christians and Jewish terrorists are deliberately ignored.
Attacks on the civilians are condemned by all the religions, including Islam. Some of
the terrorist groups which kill innocent people consider themselves martyrs. But
they should think twice. Their acts are strongly condemned by God in the verses of
Quran. The Quran is very clear that the believers must defend themselves but never
to aggress.
To conclude, it can be said that our creator is one and same. The God of Muslims is
the same as that of Jews and Christians. God does not permit one group to kill
innocent people of other group. Islam should not be confused with what these so
called Muslims have done. They actually, by the definition of Quran are not Muslims.
In short, Islam is a religion of peace and condemns terrorism in form and
manifestation.
2-Suicide Bombing and Islam
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Outline:
1. Introduction.
2. Islam condemns suicide bombing.
3. In Middle East, suicide bombing was carried out by uninformed youth.
4. We have full sympathy with those who are suffering but we cannot
agree with breaking Gods commandments.
5. Islam urges the followers to adopt the way of peace.
6. Blame can be placed both on oppressors and suicide bombers.
7. Conclusion.
Essay:
A suicide bomb attack is an attack in which the bomber himself also dies. This term
was first used by Western media during the Second World War to describe the
actions of Japanese Kamikaze Pilots. But in recent times, it is used to describe the
attacks of Muslim Jehadists.
In Middle East, suicide bombing was carried out by uninformed youth. It was mainly
done to avenge the loss of their freedom. But, now it has spread to the whole world.
It is carried out by the youth who have lost all hopes of peaceful settlements. They
witnessed their families suffering in the hands of occupying forces. Despite this
intolerable situation, no permission in Islam can be found to avenge by suicide.
Islam condemns suicide. Though it asks its followers to stand for their rights and
defend themselves but they are told to adopt peace and tolerance first. The Quran
does not promise Heaven who commits suicide but rather warns of hell. Probably,
these wrong thoughts originated from manmade books of Hadiths and Sunnah.
Suicide is a state of disbelief and loss of faith that is condemned by God.
We have fully sympathy with those who are suffering but we cannot agree with
breaking Gods commandments. Oppression is not a reason to break Gods laws,
rather is a good reason to hold tight to them. We should know that by achieving
peace, love and tolerance, we will gain dignity. We should show the world true face
of Islam.
Islam urges the followers to adopt the way of peace. They may fight when peaceful
means fail. But fighting does not include the killing of innocent civilians. This does
not reflect true picture of Islam.
The blame can be placed both on oppressors and suicide bombers. The oppressors
should give a chance to youth to live in dignity and freedom. The world has to speak
up against the oppressors. No divine law allows the oppression or occupation of
others houses. Peace can only be achieved by mutual understanding.
To conclude, it can be said that we should tell our youth about the true Quranic
commandments. But the world should also make efforts to stop this aggression. As
the young generation of theses nations find no other way except to die.
3-Social Evils
Or
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Corruption in Society
Outline:
1: Man is a social animal by nature.
2: Man has deviated ( ) from true concept of Islam.
3: Different social evils are causing damage to our society.
4: Bribery is the worst social evil.
5: Hoarding ( ) and black marketing are also serious crimes.
6: Nepotism ( ) and jobbery ( ) are also very
common.
7: These evils can be eradicated, if we act according to the principles of Islam.
Essay:
Man is a social animal by nature. The lust of wealth and property breeds ()
many evils in human beings. People are ready to whatever suits them to gather
wealth. They do not bother about moral values and laws of the country. Our society
is a Muslim society, but it is pity that today almost all the social evils are prevailing
around us. The cause of this is our deviation from the true concept of Islam. Today
man has so much fallen a victim to material benefits that his survival is now at
stake. This all shows how adversely evils have affected our society. The different
social evils such as bribery, nepotism, jobbery, beggary, drug addiction, smuggling,
dowry system and many other are causing a great damage to our social life and
individual dignity () . They are in fact a hindrance ( ) in our way to
progress and prosperity in life.
Bribery is the worst social evil, our society is suffering form. From top to the toe the
members of our society are indulged ( ) in this evil, directly are indirectly.
And the worst is that nobody is ashamed of taking are giving bribery. The situation
has worsened to such an extent that even the most honest persons have been left
with no alternative. It seems almost impossible to get ones work done in any
department without greasing the palm of the authorities.
Hoarding and black marketing are also very common. Hoarders and black marketers
play with the fate of the people. Food adulteration is also a serious crime committed
openly in our society. You can hardly buy anything pure from market. Adulterated
food stuff is damaging the public health.
Another social evil which is at peak now a day is nepotism and jobbery. Nepotism
means doing undue favour in appointing ones relatives to office. The appointment
of inefficient relatives of the ruling classes to office might lead us to destruction if it
is not checked very soon. Sectarianism, theft, dacoities, swindling () ,
cheating, corruption, forgery () , delay in justice and so many other social
evils have spread in our society at a large scale.
To conclude, we may say that almost every part of our society is corrupt and every
attitude shameful. The society cannot change until everyone changes himself and
act according to the Islamic principles. However, the time has come when all these
above mentioned evils should be uprooted and ended without delay if we want to
make our country a true Islamic state.
4-The UNO
Or
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The United Nations Organization
Or
Is the UNO a success or failure?
Outline:
1. Introduction.
2. Structure of UNO.
3. The aims of UNO are to promote world peace.
4. It is useful in many ways but it has failed to promote peace in the world.
5. The body should be activated and re-organized.
Essay:
The UNO is a world organization. Different nations of the world formed it in 1945,
after the Second World War. There are two main parts of UNO. One is the General
Assembly and other is the Security Council. The General Assembly considers the
questions of war, peace, development and justice. It tries to give help to poor
countries to improve the condition of their people. The Security Council has fifteen
members. Five of these are permanent. Each of these permanent members has a
right to reject any decision of the Security Council. Urgent matters of war are
considered here. There are many other organizations which are working under UNO.
The main aim of UNO is to prevent war. When there is a serious dispute between
member countries it tries to solve it through different ways. It discusses the causes
of the war with the representatives of the fighting countries and tries to end the
conflict between them. Apart from that, it tries to solve the problems of health,
education, agriculture etc of member countries. It provides medicine, useful books,
educational films etc to member countries. It sends trained persons in different
fields to member countries to help them.
As a peace loving body the UNO has utterly failed. It can stop Russia and America
from invading Afghanistan. It even cannot stop America from attacking Iraq. It has
done nothing to stop killing of Muslims in Kashmir, Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine and
in other countries of the world. We can say that UNO has failed to restore peace in
any part of the Muslims world. Big powers like America and Russia can easily reject
the decisions of the Security Council by using their Veto power of rejection. The
result is that justice is not done to smaller powers or weaker countries. The UNO has
not been very successful in preventing war. So there have been wars between India
and Pakistan and between Arab countries and Israel.
There is a dire need of improvement in the working of UNO. The UN cannot become
truly powerful unless all the big powers agree to destroy their atomic weapons and
decide not to make any more. The UN should be having its own armed forces, more
powerful than any one single country. None of the big powers should have the right
to reject the decisions of Security Council. The decisions of General Assembly
should be implemented by force. But the UN should at the same time be completely
impartial in giving its decisions on dispute between member countries.
5-The Choice of a Profession
Or
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The choice of a career
Outline:
1. In the modern world, the choice of a profession is a very difficult thing.
2. Our career is determined by number of factors.
3. Personal likes and dislikes play an important role in deciding ones
profession.
4. The parents and teachers should guide the young men to adopt the
right type of profession.
5. The responsibility of the parents in the selection of right type of
profession is great.
Essay:
In this modern world the choice of a profession is a very difficult thing. In a country
like Pakistan, where unemployment among the educated people is great, the
selection of right type of career is very difficult. In our country, population is
increasing every year. The opportunities of doing job are minimizing. The educated
people are forced to do jobs contrary to their taste due to shortage of jobs.
Looking a doctor sitting for a competitive exam is quite heartbreaking. The proper
place for a doctor is a hospital and not the court. But he is helpless. He does not get
a job. We can say for the most of qualified people the choice of a profession has
become difficult.
In past, no one worried about the choice of a profession. The son of a blacksmith
became a blacksmith () . A businessman would leave behind his business for his
son. But now the things have changed. Even the uneducated parents are worried
about the careers of their children.
The career of a young man is determined by many factors. Some children follow the
career chosen by their parents; others decide a career for themselves. Children born
in the house of a merchant likes to become a businessman. The business is already
established; therefore, it requires little effort to adopt it. The educated find it hard to
adopt the profession of their choice.
Before the selection of a career, we must take into account our aptitude () ,
taste and mental ability. A young man who wants to become a lawyer must possess
argumentative (
) brain and capacity to convince others. A teacher must have ability to teach the
children. He should not be guided by material interests. A doctor must be
technically sound and should possess a tender heart for suffering humanity. A timid
and weak person cannot succeed in business.
Personal likes and dislikes play an important part in deciding ones profession. A
person with poetic bend ( ) of mind will not succeed in business. Children with bold
nature will be great success in independent profession like law or medicine.
Parents and teacher should help the children in deciding right profession. Especially,
parents can play a big part in helping their children in choosing a profession
according to their childrens likening and disliking. They should not force their
children to adopt a profession they like rather they should help their children in
choosing a profession which they like. In this way every individual will work to his
full capacity.
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6-Patriotism
Or
Nationalism and Internationalism
Outline:
1. Introduction: meaning of patriotism.
2. Good points of patriotism.
3. Dangers of patriotism.
(a) Narrow mindedness.
(b) War.
(c) Selfishness.
(d) Sentimentality.
4. Conclusion.
Essay:
Patriotism means love for ones country. It is a noble instinct ( ). It is born with our
birth and grows with our growth. Love for ones country is a natural thing. We live in
it; we breathe in it; we drink its water and eat its food and we enjoy its rights. Even
beasts love their homes. Traitors like Mir Jafar and Mir Sadiq are always looked down
upon () . While those like Tipu Sultan, Sirajuddaula, Major Aziz Bhati
and Quaid-e-Azam who suffer or die in a patriotic cause are ever respected by their
fellow-men. Patriotism makes a man brave. It enables him to face dangers. It makes
a man sacrifice pleasure and hope of gain. Surely, patriotism is desirable and the
absence of it is a bad thing.
But patriotism has its dark side too. It has certain dangers. First, it often makes a
man narrow-minded and unfair. A partite finds no fault with his country. He cannot
bear criticism on his country. To a Pakistani, everything Pakistani is good. To the
English, everything English is faultless. This attitude helps us to develop hater
towards all the other countries. The German national song opens with this
Germany over all. The Japanese place themselves at the top of the list of nations.
Secondly, patriotism is there behind all wars of aggression and all form of
imperialism (
) . Hitler exploited ( ) the patriotism of the
German Youth and Mussolini of Italian Youth. People cut each others throat without
any remorse ( ) in the name of patriotism. Patriotism seems to be a
justification ( ) of every kind of international crime, every kind of
offence of against humanity.
Thirdly, within the country itself, patriotism has its danger too. Many wicked persons
turn into patriots in order to escape the consequences of their evil deeds. The
selfish join the patriotic parties for their own benefits. Under the name of patriotism,
they think that they are free to whatever they like.
Lastly, too much of patriotic feelings are necessary to make a man idealist. He
emotionally works for his goodness of his country. Such patriots often become a
positive source of danger. They do not realize the importance of compromise in the
affairs of men.
To conclude, we may say that one may love ones country but one should try to
develop an international outlook. True patriotism should never go against
internationalism. To save himself from these dangers, a man must always remember
he is first a human being and then a citizen of some country.
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7-The Place of Women in our Society
Outline:
1. Women are as important as men.
2. The Position of women in villages and cities.
3. The position of women in other countries.
4. Better opportunities should be provided to women to work.
5. Women should not forget their basic duties.
6. Conclusion.
Essay:
Women in our society are as important as men. In fact, they both are important for
the existence of a society. Though there is some improvement, yet it is a sad fact
that the position of women in our society, on the whole, is not satisfactory.
Most of the village women are uneducated and uncultured. They dont enjoy even
some basic rights. Mostly, they depend on their husbands or other male family
members for the fulfillment of their basic needs. Even they dont have a right to
marry according to their will. However, now a happy change is coming in the
situation of village women. Now they also are getting education and compared to
past they are enjoying more freedom.
Women in cities are in somewhat better position. They are getting education and
are working independently. Now city women are working almost in every field of life
and are supporting their families. They are enjoying more freedom compared to
village women. But in poor families, even in cities, the situation is not much
different from village women. Most of the women of poor families work hard in their
houses and then have to support their families by doing some kind of labour. It is
also a fact that women either living in cities or villages have to face the torture from
their male family members, especially from their husbands.
Compared to our society, in advanced countries women enjoy more respectable
position. They are treated equal with men in almost every field of life. There is not
much difference in the position of village and city women. They are independent
and can work in every field. They even decided some important matter of
international importance.
We know women in our country are enjoying more freedom than ever before. They
are working in every field of life and have better representation in assembly than
ever before. But still they are facing the problem of gender discrimination. Hence,
we should change our thinking and should provide better working conditions for
them, so that they can also their role in national development.
But in all this women should also not ignore their basic duties. Their first duty is to
look after their family and if they can manage then they should come out and work.
To conclude, it can be said that though a welcome change can be witnessed in the
condition of women yet much more is needed to improve the condition of these
poor creatures.
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8-The value of press
Or
The newspaper can do a lot of good as well as harm
Outline:
1. The newspapers have a tremendous influence in the modern world.
2. The newspapers keep us in touch with the world.
3. The newspapers satisfy the taste of people belonging to different fields
of life.
4. They have harms also. They can widen the gulf ( ) between the
different sections of society by publishing false news.
5. The management of newspapers should be in the hands of responsible
people.
Essay:
The newspapers have a tremendous influence in the modern world. They are a
powerful mean of spreading all sorts of news and views. There are hundreds of
newspapers in the world. Some of them have wide circulation and are read by
millions of people. Some are published daily and others weekly or monthly. They
bring many advantages to their readers.
First, the newspapers keep us in touch with the world. Without them we cannot
know all the news of even our own town or village. They extend our knowledge and
keep up-to-date. They bring the people of different countries close together. They
contain news for almost all classes of people.
Secondly, the sportsmen find in them the news of their interest. Commercial news is
published for businessmen. Lovers of the Radio and the cinema can find detail of
daily program. The advertisements help the advertiser in selling their goods better
and quick. A man of literature can find stories and articles in them. The unemployed
can see wanted column for a job. Those in search of brides can look up the
matrimonial wants. Aggrieved persons can write to the editors.
Thirdly, they can raise morality of their readers. They can lead a powerful revolt
against all types of tyranny ( ) and injustice. They can make their readers better
citizens by giving them right guidance. They can create feeling of good-will between
the various classes, races and nations of the world. Thus we find that they can do a
lot of good. But they can do a lot of harm also:
First, they are double edged weapons and cut both ways. By publishing false news,
they can give wrong and false information to the people. By means of inflammatory
( ) articles, they can widen the gulf between the various races and
nations of the world. By publishing all sorts of war news, they can, sometimes, make
people nervous and excited.
Secondly, the newspapers can disturb the peace of a country by printing articles
likely to set one community to another. They sometimes, do irrevocable ()
harm by publishing even true news of communal riots. Such news should either not
be published or published after restoration of normal conditions. Some newspapers
accept bribes and become mere tools in the hands of some persons. They can
become a mere machine for party propaganda.
To conclude, it can be said the management of newspaper should be in the hands of
some sensible people who should use the newspaper for something good not for
mere material benefits.
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9-Is war necessary?
Outline:
1. Man is passing through the most delicate phase of his history.
2. Reasons for fighting war.
3. Is war necessary?
4. The way to solve the problem of war.
5. Conclusion.
Man is passing through most delicate phase of his history. Though he has made an
astonishing progress in every field of life and is living a more comfortable life than
his ancestors. But, despite all of his great progress he has to face many challenges
in modern days life. One of such challenge is war.
War and fighting has been common since time immemorial. Countries or nations
fight wars for a number of reasons.
Firstly, the two or more countries or nations begin a war for the sake of expansion of
their territories. Secondly, wars are fought by nations to get back their countries
from foreign rulers. The example of War of Independence of 1857 of Muslims of
India can be given here. Thirdly, wars may be fought for religious reasons. Such
wars were very common in olden times. For example many wars were fought
between Christians and Muslims hundreds of years ago in Asia and Europe. Apart
from these reasons there may be some other reasons also. But the question here is,
is war necessary?
The answer of this question is big No. Though, when we consider the causes of
war, it looks as the war is the only way to settle all the matters between nations.
But, that is not right. There are many other ways to settle the disputes. If all
countries agree to accept the decisions of UN in their disputes war can be avoided.
Apart from that being a Muslim we have a personality, whose life provides us a
guiding line. We see that despite having an upper hand over Kufar of Makha, our
beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) got ready for Sulh-o-Hudabia. Though
some of its terms were against the Muslims but the result of it can open the eyes of
some of the big bosses of todays world. Our beloved Prophet showed a way to the
all human beings till the Day of Judgment that how should we live a life and settle
our disputes. Though He also fought some wars but when these were entrusted on
him. But whenever he got chance, he adopted the way of peace and he preached
this in his whole life.
Hence, to conclude I may say that peace is better than war and war is not the only
solution of any dispute rather it gives air to them. So if this world wants a better and
prosperous future for coming generations, it should adopt the ways shown by our
beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and his way definitely not suggest war.
10-The International Disturbance
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Or
The present day Muslim World
Or
Future of the Muslim World
Outline:
1. The modern world is presenting the most disturbed situation of its
history.
2. After 9/11 incident, America with its allies attacked both Afghanistan
and Iraq.
3. The designs of American attack are very wicked.
4. Actually, America and West are afraid of spreading of Islam in these
countries.
5. The future of the Muslims is quite bright.
The modern world is presenting the most disturbed situation of its history. There is
disorder and anarchy everywhere and the Muslim countries are worst sufferers.
They are made a victim of barbarity and cruelty. The Muslims all over the world are
backward in the fields of science and technology. They dont have sophisticated
weapons to defend themselves. America with its advancement in the field of
sophisticated weapons is ruling all over the world, especially the Muslim world. The
rulers of the Muslim countries are not challenging its authority, just to save their
governments.
After 9/11 incident, America with its allies attacked both Afghanistan and Iraq. They
are causing endless destruction in both the countries. Millions of people have been
killed and wounded in both the countries. Still these countries are suffering in the
hands of America and its allies. Everyday hundreds of people are killed. Hospitals,
colleges, shopping plazas, hotels and many other important buildings are dashed to
ground. Both the countries are presenting a sorrow picture of mass destruction.
The designs of American attack are very wicked. Actually, it wants to crush the
Muslim unity. In Afghanistan, it did not like the Islamic Movement, where as in Iraq it
wanted to take control of the oil wealth. Now it is planning to attack Iran. The
Muslims in occupied Kashmir are also suffering in the hands of Indian army.
Situation in Palestine is also very grave. Apart from that situation in Pakistan is also
disturbing.
America and European countries are carrying this campaign in the name of
terrorism and extremism. But, actually, America and West are afraid of spreading of
Islam in these countries. Thousands of people are embracing Islam in these
countries every day. The western scholars and religion thinkers are afraid of this and
are running an unholy campaign against Islam and our beloved Holy Prophet. They
are declaring every practicing Muslim a terrorist and fundamentalist.
The future of the Muslims is quite bright. Allied forces cannot make the people of
these countries their slaves. The freedom fighters of the Muslim countries are
putting up great resistance against the Allied forces. They are committed to expel
these forces from their countries. The sacrifices of the people of these countries will
not go waste and one day they will have to leave their countries and the day is not
far.
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11-The Situation of Present Muslim World and its Solutions
Outlines:
1. The modern world in presenting the most disturbed situation of its
history.
2. After 9/11 incident, America attacked both Afghanistan and Iraq.
3. The designs of American attack are very wicked.
4. Actually, America and West are afraid of spreading of Islam in these
countries.
5. Steps to solve the problem of the present Muslim world.
The modern world is presenting the most disturbed situation of its history. There is
disorder and anarchy everywhere and the Muslim countries are worst sufferers.
They are made a victim of barbarity and cruelty. The Muslims all over the world are
backward in the fields of science and technology. They dont have sophisticated
weapons to defend themselves. America with its advancement in the field of
sophisticated weapons is ruling all over the world, especially the Muslim world. The
rulers of the Muslim countries are not challenging its authority, just to save their
governments.
After 9/11 incident, America with its allies attacked both Afghanistan and Iraq. They
are causing endless destruction in both the countries. Millions of people have been
killed and wounded in both the countries. Still these countries are suffering in the
hands of America and its allies. Everyday hundreds of people are killed. Hospitals,
colleges, shopping plazas, hotels and many other important buildings are dashed to
ground. Both the countries are presenting a sorrow picture of mass destruction.
The designs of American attack are very wicked. Actually, it wants to crush the
Muslim unity. In Afghanistan, it did not like the Islamic Movement, where as in Iraq it
wanted to take control of the oil wealth. Now it is planning to attack Iran. The
Muslims in occupied Kashmir are also suffering in the hands of Indian army.
Situation in Palestine is also very grave. Apart from that situation in Pakistan is also
disturbing.
America and European countries are carrying this campaign in the name of
terrorism and extremism. But, actually, America and West are afraid of spreading of
Islam in these countries. Thousands of people are embracing Islam in these
countries every day. The western scholars and religion thinkers are afraid of this and
are running an unholy campaign against Islam and our beloved Holy Prophet. They
are declaring every practicing Muslim a terrorist and fundamentalist.
Following steps should be taken to solve the present problems of the Muslim
countries. Firstly, they should unite in the religious matters and should not divide on
sectarian matters. Secondly, they should make a joint army for their common
defense. Thirdly, they should pay much attention towards the fields of science and
technology and should develop sophisticated weapons for their joint defense.
Fourthly, the Muslim countries should co-operate in the field of economics. Fifthly,
they should be united in the matters of common international Muslim interests.
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12-The war on Iraq
Out line:
1. The US-led forces attacked Iraq in early 2003.
2. There were some unexplained reasons to start this war.
3. The real war started after the war.
4. Iraqi people started guerilla war against USA occupation.
5. Hundreds of Coalition soldiers have died since the start of this war.
6. There were many flaws in intelligence reports regarding Iraqs weapon
capabilities.
7. War on Iraq should not be allowed to continue.
Essay:
The US-led forces attacked Iraq in early 2003. They were armed with most
sophisticated arms. USA and UK attacked Iraq ignoring the criticism of the entire
world. The reasons presented by US to attack Iraq are well known. Firstly, it said
that Iraq possessed Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Secondly, it was told that
Saddam Hussain is a dictator and its government is committing cruelty on its
people. Thirdly, that there was a great need to establish a democratic government
in Iraq.
But apart from above described reasons there were some unexplained reasons also.
Actually, USA and its allies wanted to take control of vast oil wealth of Iraq.
Moreover, America felt that Saddam Hussain might become a threat to Israel.
Hence, it wanted to replace him with some other government which can work for
the benefits of USA in the region.
Being superpower, US thought that it will win the war very easily. It all happened as
planned by US and its allies and no real resistance was faced by them. During the
war US and its allies faced no real loss. America was happy on its win. But the real
war started after the war.
The Iraqi people started a guerilla war against US occupation. Everyday hundreds of
Iraqi die either due to bomb explosions carried out by Iraqi freedom fighters or in
search operation of Allied forces. But during all these attacks more Iraqi are dying
as compared to allies soldiers.
Hundreds of Coalition Forces soldiers have died since the start of this war and are
still dying every day. But it seems that they are dying without any reason. The
reasons explained by America to start this war have all proved wrong. No WMD have
found, Saddam Hussain has been hanged and new government has been
established. But Iraq is still burning. Some of the worlds largest oil fields are
situated in Iraq. In the result of Iraqi war oil prices have risen, which has affected
the world economy.
Just recently many inquiries have found that there were many flaws in the
intelligence reports regarding Iraqs weapon capabilities. This challenges the very
reason of War on Iraq.
In the end it can be said that War on Iraq has cost many lives and much resources.
It seems that it all may be the revenge of a single man, George Bush. With this
proof anyone can see that this war should not be allowed to continue.
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13-Energy crises
Or
Power crises
Outline:
1. Electricity is very important for the progress of a country.
2. Without electricity a country suffers in every field of life.
3. Electricity is produced by water, gas, oil and coal. The electricity
produced by water is cheap.
4. Our demand of electricity is greater than its production.
5. We should build more dams to meet the requirements of power.
6. We must save energy by different means.
Essay:
Electricity is very important for the progress of a country. Prosperity of a country is
directly linked with the supply of energy. Electricity is needed in every sector of
modern life. The working of railways, hospitals, business centers and even in our
houses entirely depends on electricity. Without electricity our farms and industry will
stop production.
But unfortunately, production of such a vital thing is insufficient in Pakistan. The
production is far less than the demand. The result is that we have to do load
shedding of power in the country. The load shedding of power has affected our
country badly. It has disturbed our social, economic and cultural life. The industry
and business of the country come to stand still during the long hours of load
shedding. The hospital and medical centers suffer a lot. The business centers are
plunged into darkness. In short, the whole stream of life stops.
The shortage of power supply is due to following reasons;
First, we produce electricity from water, oil, coal and gas. Water is the cheapest
source of producing electricity. But unfortunately we have failed to build any large
dam for a long time. Had it been built, the power supply should be in surplus. Apart
from that water level in Tarbela and Mangla dams has become very low, which is
also affecting our production of energy.
Second, the electricity produced by coal, gas and oil is very costly. The electricity
produced by these elements is called thermal power. The setting up of thermal
power station is highly expensive for developing countries, like Pakistan.
Third, electricity can be produced by nuclear energy. But, it is not easy to set up.
Nuclear reactors are very costly. Moreover, we have to buy nuclear reactors from
Western countries which are not ready to do so.
We are suffering of shortage of electricity due to following reasons also:
1. The demand of electricity has increased many folds due to set up of new
industries, new colonies and electrification of villages.
2. The use of electricity increases in summer due to increasing use of air
conditioners.
3. The measures of save energy have badly failed. People use electricity as
generously as possible without any care to save it.
Following measures can improve the situation:
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1. The generation of electricity should be increased by building small dams.
2. Nuclear energy should be used as a major source of energy.
3. A campaign to save energy should be started on mass media.
4. All business centers should be closed after 8o clock at night.
In this way we can save a lot of energy.
14-Inflation
Or
Rising of prices
Outline:
1. Prices of necessities of life are increasing constantly.
2. The problem of inflation is a serious headache of every country.
3. Inflation encourages mal-practices in trade and business.
4. There are many factors which cause inflation.
5. Government should adopt healthy measures to stop inflation.
Essay:
The prices of necessities of life are rising constantly. They are creating serious
problems for everybody in the country. This is a universal problem. But, in
developing countries, like Pakistan, it has assumed an acute form. The majority of
people in our country belong to low income class. They find it hard to buy things of
daily use, due to day by day rising prices. The result is that their living standard is
getting low with every passing day.
Inflation has an adverse effect on different sections of society. When people do not
find enough means to buy the necessities of life, they are compelled to use unfair
means to buy them. In this way, the society is troubled by pick-pockets, thieves and
robbers etc. Those government servants who cannot make both end meets become
corrupt. They use their power in wrong way and accept bribe. In this way, injustice
and cruelty is promoted in society.
Rising prices also affect national life in the economic field. The businessmen think of
adulteration, black marketing and other methods to maximize their profits. Since
the prices of goods are beyond the reach of common man the standard of living
goes on decreasing gradually.
There are many factors which cause rise in prices.
First, the most important of these is increase in population. The population of
country is increasing at rapid rate. But the economic resources are not increasing at
the same rate. It results into inflation.
Second, if the demand is higher than the supply, the goods will be naturally sold at
higher prices. Sometimes the government imposes higher taxes on certain
commodities so that their prices go up.
Third, if some businessmen have monopoly in production and sale of some certain
things, they raise prices as and when they desire. Such things are happening in our
country routinely.
To improve the situation our first duty should be to check the birth rate. We should
make great efforts to promote family planning. The government should not impose
much tax on the things considered necessary for human life.
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15-The role of Mass Media
Outline:
1. The mass media mean the sources of information and entertainment
which are available to public.
2. There are of two kinds; print media and electronic media.
3. Both the media have great influence on the lives of the people.
4. The electronic media exercise more influence as compared to print
media.
5. They provide us information and knowledge.
6. The build public opinion about politics, religion and culture.
7. They can create negative impact on our character also.
Essay:
The mass media mean the sources of information and entertainment which are
available to public. These media play an important role in building public opinion in
a democratic country. They are of two kinds; print media and electronic media.
Print media include newspaper, books and magazines. In electronic media radio,
television and internet are included. Media are a great source of information and
entertainment to all types of people. Nobody can deny their influence and
importance. If media stop providing information to people the entire world would
become a victim of darkness and ignorance. They control our minds and we believe
whatever they propagate.
The electronic media have affected the minds of the people in a very forceful
manner. The radio, television and internet provide entertainment in the form of
music, dramas and films. Apart from that they provide us religious and cultural
programs also. It can also provide us information about the latest happenings in the
world.
The mass media provide us information and knowledge. They have played an
important role in building public opinion about politics, religion and culture. People
form their opinion about politics, religion and business under the influence of mass
media. Now even a layman has his own opinion about the performance of rulers. He
can easily decide to whom he should vote.
The mass media educate a domestic woman about cooking, medicine and child
care. Children can also enjoy programs of their own liking. They build their
knowledge at a very early stage.
In this modern age, a free mass media is very important. But they are double edged
weapons. Hence, mass media should also show some sense they should not provide
false news and information to people. They should avoid giving such program that
can wide the gulf between people. They should be very careful while providing news
about some communal riots. As such a kind of news can create some serious
troubles in the country. Moreover, they should not become
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16-The role of mass media
Or
The mass media can do a lot of good as well as harm
Outline:
1. The mass media mean the sources of information and entertainment
which are available to public.
2. The mass media keep us in touch with the world.
3. The mass media satisfy the taste of people belonging to different fields
of life.
4. They have harms also.
5. The management of mass media should be in the hands of responsible
people.
Essay:
The mass media mean the sources of information and entertainment which are
available to public. These media play an important role in building public opinion in
a democratic country. They are of two kinds; print media and electronic media. They
bring many advantages to their users.
First, they keep in touch with the world. Without them we cannot know all the news
of even our own town or village. They extend our knowledge and keep up-to-date.
They bring the people of different countries close together.
Secondly, they contain information and program for almost all the classes of the
people. The sportsmen can watch or listen programs of sports. The lovers of films
can watch films of their liking. Even women and children can also watch programs
of their choice. Commercial news are given for businessmen. The advertisements
help the advertiser in selling their goods better and quick. A man of literature can
also satisfy his taste. Even now matrimonial programs are telecasted on TV.
Thirdly, they can raise mortality of their users. They can lead a powerful revolt
against all types of tyranny and injustice. They can make people better citizens by
giving them right guidance. They can create feelings of goodness among people of
different classes of countries. Thus we find that they can do a lot of good. But they
can do a lot of harm also.
They are double edged weapons. Hence, mass media should also show some sense
they should not provide false news and information to people. They should avoid
giving such program that can wide the gulf between people. They should be very
careful while providing news about some communal riots. As such a kind of news
can create some serious troubles in the country. Moreover, they should not become
a mere tool in the hands of some persons.
To conclude, it can be said the management of mass media should be in the hands
of some sensible people who should use the news paper for something good not for
mere material benefits.
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17-Security measures in and around college
After independence, we are passing through the most delicate phase of our history.
Wave of terrorism is engulfing every nock and corner of our country. No place is safe
from the horrible clutches of terrorism. Even the sacred places like mosques, imam
bargahas and shrines of holy persons are at the hit list of terrorists. According to the
canons of war, civilians and educational institutions should not be attacked. But, it is
strange sort of battle that only these places are attacked by the terrorists.
Educational institutes like school, colleges and universities are under severe threat
of terrorism and strong safety measures are needed to save them.
First of all boundary walls of colleges should be made higher than usual and then a
barb wire should be stretched all over it so that no one can enter in the main
building of college. The boundary walls of colleges should be made solid enough so
that it can bear a terrorist attack in the shape of a hand grenade or undertaken in
the form of hitting a vehicle full of explosive material. A further step can also be
taken in this regard in the form of construction of main college buildings away from
the boundary walls. This will save human causalities in the case of terrorist attack
from outside.
Furthermore, a specific area around the college building should be prohibited for
public vehicles, especially in the opening and closing hours of the college. If
possible, rather, a specific area around college boundary wall should be guarded
with special concrete structures and every vehicle should be made to park well
away from the main college building. Parking place should be made at some
distance from the college building and even students should be asked to reach the
main building on foot.
Well trained security guards with sophisticated material should be hired for college
security. These guards should made security check posts at more than one places
on the college entrance and around college boundary wall also. First security check
post should be made outside the parking place to check all those who want to enter
the college. Then a further check post should be made at the main entrance or at
the college gate.
It should be made compulsory for every college student to wear his college identity
card. But, it is up to college administration that college cards should be issued with
great care so that no outsider can obtain it easily. Security guards should check
these identity cards at the main gate and only students with these cards should be
allowed to enter. No person without ID card should be allowed to enter college. Even
college staff should be issued specific identity cards and makes it compulsory for
them to wear them.
Another good step in this regard is installation of security cameras inside the
college building and around the college wall. Cc TV cameras should be installed to
keep watch on the activities of some alien persons around the college. This will
definitely help in improving the security.
Girls guide can also play an important role in security measures. They can work in
collaboration with security guards. Another step that can enhance security is
providing marshal art training to the students. It should be made compulsory for
every student to take part in such healthful activities, which will make them to face
the terrorist attack even on their own. It will not only make them physically strong,
but will also increase their mental abilities to face the crises.
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To conclude, we may say that in these critical conditions strict security measures
are needed to save our future generation from the malign designs of our enemy
forces. More and more measures should be adopted to give them an atmosphere in
which they can blossom their abilities. But, it is also a fact that these security
measures are not the all thing. Our politicians should show sense and put behind
their own interests in favour of national interests. The above said measures are not
permanent solution but a peaceful society is. But, how this peace can be achieved?
That is a question that needs an answer from all of us, but, especially from our
Government and politicians