You are on page 1of 32

LNG Storage and Fuel

Gas Systems

LNG: Fuel for Shipping,
London 15-Feb-2011

Carriers &
Offshore Units

Jürgen Harperscheidt
Sales Manager

CONTENT

 TGE Company Profile
 Small LNG carriers
 Bunkering
 LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas
carriers
 LNG tanks and insulation
 BOG management
 Available technologies
 Conclusions

2

‘TGE Marine is a long established market leader in the design and
construction of cargo handling systems for ships and
offshore units carrying liquefied cryogenic gases
(LNG, LPG and petrochemical gases)’

 Personnel: approx. 60 engineers & specialists plus temporary staff
 Turn-over: 82 M€ in 2007; 96 M€ in 2008; 72 M€ in 2009
 Main Office: Mildred-Scheel-Str. 1, 53175 Bonn, Germany
 Branch Office in Shanghai, China

3

storage and offloading units Fuel Gas Systems for seagoing vessels  Fuel gas supply systems  Fuel gas tanks  RoRo. CO2 carriers  FSO/FPSO for LPG  Ethylene carriers  FSRU and FPSO for LNG  LNG carriers  CO2 liquefaction. Bunker Boats  LNG fuel storage systems 4 . Ferries. Container. Business activities and expertise Cargo handling systems and Cargo handling systems for cargo tanks for Gas Carriers Offshore units  LPG carriers. …  Bunker Barges.

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 5 .

First loading of a small carrier at a large import terminal. Small LNG carriers 19-May-2010 „Coral Methane“ loading at Zeebrugge. 6 .

shale gas US). especially in ECA areas. g. Market drivers for small LNG shipping  Remote areas requiring environmentally friendly energy (power plants. like islands in Mediterranean or Carribean Sea. developing spot market for LNG 7 .  Fuel gas for ships to be supplied close to the main traffic routes and ports. industry).  “De-coupling” of LNG prices from oil price level based on alternative gas sources (e.

000 cbm have been studied Tank pressure 2.0 barg BOG handling by pressure increase or fuel gas consumption 8 . Small LNG Carriers Up to 10.000 cbm cylindrical tanks Up to 20.7 to 4.000 cbm bilobe tanks (patented supports) Ship sizes up to 75.

LPG…) 9 . no secondary barrier • High loading rates • Pressure build-up possible • Separate tank erection and easy installation  Tank insulation: • PS or PU panels • PU spray foam • sandwich vacuum panels  Dual fuel. Main aspects for design of small LNG carriers  Tank design: type C to allow for: • Partial loading. pressure build-up or reliquefaction for boil-off handling  Combination with other cargoes possible (Ethylene.

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 10 .

no cargo operations simultaneously  Requirements for future operations: • High loading rates due to tight time schedule • Large total amount of LNG for large vessels • Bunkering during cargo operations • Safe but easy handling of equipment  This will only be possible with bunker vessels (small LNG carriers as above) coming alongside  Special features like BOG absorber or re-condenser to increase bunker rate in case of no vapour return  Additional services like first cooling. tank emptying/warming/inerting might be offered by bunker barge as well  Regulations and standards for the bunker interface and related operations are under preparation by several international working groups 11 . Bunkering  Current practice (Norway): from shore/truck in dedicated areas by hose.

vapour return)  mechanical connection (hoses. loading arms)  dry break couplings. emergency release couplings  signal interface ship . Bunker Connection The bunker connection has to be suitable for the related infrastructure and can be designed accordingly:  size.shore  ESD interface 12 . number and position of manifolds  bunkering rate (size.

LNG bunkering could look like this in near future (Anthony Veder. Gasnor). Bunkering “Pioneer Knutsen“ and “Coral Methane“ during LNG transfer. 13 .

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 14 .

Ro/Ro. where LNG is only a utility. LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  Situation: Some ferries and offshore supply vessels mainly in Norway supplied by shore terminals and trucks  Infrastructure and international standards (IMO IGF-Code) under development  Focus on ECA/SECA areas like North Sea and Baltic  Potential ship types (near future): Ferries. superyachts  A wide range of bunkering/storage/onboard fuel gas processing due to different type/size of ships  Challenge: integrate LNG system to a ship. container (feeder). RoPax. passenger. not the main cargo 15 .

Basic components of fuel gas systems Bunker Connection Supply to engines Containment System Fuel gas Tank conditioning Master gas Auxiliary systems: Fuel valve • water-glycol heating system • inert gas system • vent / ventilation • valve remote operation • safety systems • automation & control 16 .

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 17 .

hull Membrane (max. 0.7 barg Yes Yes Pressure holding necessary.No leakages occurred . adapted to hull Very voluminous vent system adapted to hull shape shape due to low pressure B prismatic with straight < 0. Can be approx.No maintenance needed * as per IGC code.7 barg Yes Yes Pressure holding necessary.7) Pressure holding necessary. under discussion for IGF code 18 . Can be approx.Flexible pressure with HFO/MDO . Not gastight Independent type A prismatic with straight < 0.25 No Yes Very sensitive against Can be adapted to Semi. Integrated in hull < 0.very solid design vessel volume factor 3-4 compared .7 barg Yes Partly Pressure holding necessary. planes. adapted to hull Very voluminous vent system adapted to hull shape shape due to low pressure spherical (Moss) < 0.Easy installation . barg Some Yes pressure variations. LNG tank types Tank type Concept Pressure Partial 2nd Dis-Advantages Advantages Filling Barrier Membrane. planes. Very reliable system Space requirements C Independent pressure > 2 bar Yes No* Space requirements .

TGE’s Tank fabrication expertise Fabrication 8.000 m³ Ethylene Carriers Transportation of Stainless Steel cargo tanks for a 7.500 m³ LNG carrier on a heavy lift carrier to a shipyard in Europe Cargo tanks type A for a 23.000 m³ Fully Refrigerated LPG Carrier 19 .400 m³ Bilobe and Cylindrical Tanks for Ethylene Service Fabrication Bilobe Cargotanks for 5x22.200 m³ and 8.

Typ-C Tank installation Installation of 4000 m³ / 400 t cylindrical tank Ethylene Carriers 20 .

allow for conical and bilobe shapes  PU foam covered by polymeric protection layer  Special panels for increased insulation efficiency  Choice depending on requirements (operation/consumption schedule. possible tank shape) 21 . Tank Insulation  Vacuum insulation for small cylindrical tanks  PS or PU preformed slabs covered by steel sheets.

4 to 0. pumps. cylindrical conical outlet all connections on top min. heaters no manhole (usually) inspection 5 years in-tank no manhole (usually) 22 .000 cbm < 700 cbm per tank bilobe < 20.8 % per day below 0. Foam insulation vs. bilobe. g.000 cbm shape cylindrical.2 % per day in-tank equipment e. vacuum Foam insulation Vacuum insulation size cylindrical < 10. 1 bottom outlet boil-off rate 0.

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 23 .

insulation efficiency and surface area  Boil-off rate usually in weight-% of maximum filling per day.1 . 0.0.8 % per day  For fuel gas systems and small carriers the consumption is higher than BOG rate  No consumption: pressure increase limited by MAWP and filling level  Alternatives: Gas Combustion Unit (GCU) or reliquefaction (both CAPEX!) 24 . BOG management  Boil-off gas will occur based on heat ingress  Amount in relation to outer temperature. about 0.15 % for large carriers  Small tanks have bad surface to volume ratio resulting in high boil-off rates.4 to 0.

Tank pressure of type C tank No consumption 25 .

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 26 .

warming-up. Fuel gas processing technologies Pressurizing .options:  Simple version: Tank vaporizer for pressurizing keeping tank at supply pressure (pump or vaporizer in-tank or bottom outlet)  LNG pumps feeding fuel gas vaporizer (buffer required)  Low pressure vaporization and fuel gas compressors (buffer volume to follow quick load changes. loading rate)  Main criteria: tank size. operation schedule Vaporizing and heating:  Water glycol heated S&T vaporizer  Water glycol heated plate type gas heater  Water glycol heated by low temperature engine cooling water 2 stroke version – 300 bar g required  High pressure pump(s) and HP vaporizer/heater 27 .

Fuel gas processing  Typical vacuum tank design  Equipment inside “cold box”  bottom outlet to feed tank vaporizer.  Tank design pressure 8 to 10 barg  Tank operation pressure 6 to 8 barg  Small in-tank-pump avoiding bottom outlet. 28 .

MAN & TGE 29 . increased bunkering rate  Flexible and reliable operation Picture Source: Study Neptun Stahlkonstruktion.Fuel gas processing  Tank design pressure 4 to 6 barg  Tank operation pressure 1 to 5 barg  Screw compressor with oil separator  Buffer vessel to follow load changes  Warming up. GL.

CONTENT  TGE Company Profile  Small LNG carriers  Bunkering  LNG fuel gas systems for ships other than gas carriers  LNG tanks and insulation  BOG management  Available technologies  Conclusions 30 .

 LNG bunker infrastructure is the major challenge 31 .  Energy supply to remote areas and fuel gas systems for ships are the main drivers.  Excellent safety record of LNG business and proven safety systems limiting risks. CONCLUSIONS  Small LNG carriers are part of an existing and quickly developing market.  Technical solutions for small LNG transport and LNG as ships fuel are available – standard or tailor made.  LNG fuel gas is an environmentally friendly and commercially attractive way of propulsion.

com 32 . Thank you for your kind attention info@tge-marine.tge-marine.com www.