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IELTS Writing Task 2: 'agree or disagree' essay structures

If you're still confused about how to answer questions that ask "to what extent do you
agree or disagree?", just use one of the essay structures below.

Notice that we never discuss the views of other people in this type of essay; the question
asks for your views.

Strong answer, two supporting ideas

1. Introduce the topic, then state a strong opinion (e.g. I completely agree)
2. Main paragraph: explain one reason for your opinion
3. Main paragraph: explain another reason for your opinion
4. Conclusion: repeat / summarise your view

Strong answer, refute the opposite view

1. Introduce the topic, then state a strong opinion (e.g. I completely agree)
2. Main paragraph: explain your opinion
3. Main paragraph: explain why you think the opposite view is wrong
4. Conclusion: repeat / summarise your view

Balanced opinion

1. Introduce the topic, then explain that you have a balanced view
2. Main paragraph: explain your views on one side of the argument
3. Main paragraph: explain why you also recognise the opposite view
4. Conclusion: repeat / summarise your views

Almost balanced opinion, but favouring one side

1. Introduce the topic, then use a "while" sentence (while I accept A, I believe B)
2. Main paragraph: explain why you accept one side of the argument
3. Main paragraph: but explain why you still favour the opposite view
4. Conclusion: repeat / summarise your views
IELTS Writing Task 2: 'positive or negative' essay

Here's my full band 9 essay. I'll analyse it in next week's lesson.

Some universities now offer their courses on the Internet so that people can study
online. Is this a positive or negative development?

It is true that online courses are becoming a common feature of university education.
Although there are some drawbacks of Internet-based learning, I would argue that there
are far more benefits.

The main drawback of the trend towards online university courses is that there is less
direct interaction. Students may not have the opportunity to engage face-to-face with
their teachers, and will instead have to rely on written forms of communication.
Similarly, students who study online do not come into direct contact with each other, and
this could have a negative impact on peer support, discussion and exchange of ideas. For
example, whereas students on traditional courses can attend seminars and even discuss
their subjects over coffee after lessons, online learners are restricted to chatting through
website forum areas. These learners may also lack the motivation and element of
competition that face-to-face group work brings.

Despite the negatives mentioned above, I believe that online university courses are a
positive development for various reasons. Firstly, they allow learners to study in a
flexible way, meaning that they can work whenever and wherever is convenient, and they
can cover the material at their own pace. Secondly, the cost of a university education can
be greatly reduced, while revenues for institutions may increase as more students can be
taught. Finally, online learning offers open access to anybody who is willing to study,
regardless of age, location, ability and background. For example, my uncle, who is 65
years old, has recently enrolled on an online MBA course in a different country, which
would have been impossible in the days before Internet-based education.

In conclusion, while I recognise the possible disadvantages of online learning, I consider


it to be a positive development overall.
Discussion

No subject in this world is as controversial as While it is argued that., I believe


that

On the one hand, there are several reasons why.... The primary reason is that.
Controlling ideas. Therefore, acts as a deterrent to /bridge between Furthermore,
such also allows/enables SB to V. Because.

On the other hand, there are some advantages/merits/benefits that can offer. The first
and foremost benefit is that.. Also,

In conclusion, while some people believe that, it is my belief that..because it can


benefit
PHN 1. PROCESS

---------
INTRO (1 SENTENCE)
Paraphrase li bi s dng cu trc nh sau:
- The diagram illustrates the process of ___
- The chart describes how/ the development of/ the manufacturing process of ___

VD:
Q: The diagram below shows the life cycle of a frog.
>>> The chart illustrates the development stages of a frog.

Q: The diagram below shows how solar panels can be used to provide electricity for domestic use.
>>> The chart describes the process of producing electricity using solar panel in a home.

---------
OVERVIEW (1 SENTENCES)

1 cu overview c cha 2 thng tin: (1) c bao nhiu bc trong process; (2) bt u t bc no v
kt thc bc no.

Vit theo cu trc n gin nht:


There are ____ steps/stages in the process of____/diagram, beginning with/from____ and ending
with/to______ .

VD:
Q: The diagrams below show how tea is produced and the process of making a cup of tea.

>>> Overview: there are 18 stages in the diagram, from sowing the tea seeds in India and China, to
enjoying a cup of tea at home.

Q: The diagram below shows the water cycle, which is the continuous movement of water on, above
and below the surface of the Earth.

>>>Overview: There are four main stages in the process of water circulation, beginning with the
evaporation and the formation of a cloud, and ending with creating groundwater.
---------
BODY (4 SENTENCES/ PARA)

- Cc bn chia on hp l sao cho vit 1/2 bi l 4 cu, 4 cu sau nu cc steps cn li.


- Dng cu trc PASSIVE VOICE cho cc process v sn xut; ACTIVE VOICE cho process v sinh
hc hoc cch hot ng ca my mc
- Th PRESENT SIMPLE (nu k c nm)

Vit theo th t cc stages:


(In) the first stage/step____
The next/subsequent step is____
The process continue with____
The final step is ____

Xem thm trong nh cc t ni + VD c th cch dng + cc cu trc tt vit cu


(ngun: sch IELTS Made Easy)