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: Qj_a pda lksan eo pqnja` kj3 lnaoo pda ]ju kqpoe`a ]jpajj]5
HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk osep_d ^apsaaj
EF6Vqjan6Rdkjk6Cqt5 Ydaj osep_dejc ^apsaaj
bqj_pekjo3 s]ep kja oa_kj` ]bpan lnaooejc pda
bqj_pekj ^qppkj ^abkna lnaooejc ep ]c]ej5 Vdeo
cerao pda qjep peia pk hk]` pda _knna_p ejbkni]pekj
bkn pda oaha_pa` bqj_pekj5

KQTY^ H_U`QbY^]

8 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda


qjep pk Vqjan ik`a

9 Rnaoo pda DCPF ^qppkj /;6<?0 pk oaha_p pda


`aoena` pqjejc ^]j` /CO6HO05

: Uaha_p pda `aoena` n]`ek op]pekj ^u nkp]pejc


VWPKPI MPQD /9805
; C`fqop pda rkhqia pk pda `aoena` heopajejc harah5

>
q-<5/ {:1;-=598
Mc`]bQR[U H_U`QbY^] I[QgY]W Q <QaaUbbU
8 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda 8 Ydeha ej Rdkjk ik`a3 lnaoo pda
qjep pk Rdkjk ik`a5 UVQR6GLGEV/:<0 ^qppkj kj pda _]ooappa lh]uan
pk klaj pda _]ooappa `kkn5
9 Uap pda URGGF EQPVTQN UYKVEJ /:90 pk
pda _knna_p olaa` /::86:3 ;< kn >? nli0 bkn pda 9 Kjoanp ] lnana_kn`a` _]ooappa p]la ejpk pda
oaha_pa` na_kn`5 _]ooappa `kkn5

: Woa pda EWG NGXGT /:70 pk n]eoa pda pkja ]ni : Rnaoo pda RNC[ ^qppkj /:?0 pk ^acej lh]u5
kbb epo naop5 Okra pda pkja ]ni kran pda na_kn`
]j` qoa pda _qa haran pk hksan ep pk pda lkejp
ukq s]jp pda na_kn` pk op]np5 ; Vk opkl lh]u^]_g3 lnaoo pda UVQR6GLGEV /:<0
^qppkj5
; Cp pda aj` kb pda na_kn`3 pda pkja ]ni sehh napqnj
< Rnaoo pda UVQR6GLGEV /:<0 ^qppkj ]c]ej pk
pk epo naop5
afa_p pda _]ooappa5
GHM>AVda pqnjp]^ha ]j` _]ooappa lh]uano ^kpd klan]pa
ej pda o]ia ik`a5 O]ga oqna pda _]ooappa
lh]uan eo ej UVQR ik`a sdaj heopajejc pk ]
na_kn`5 M^ ?Qab ?^`eQ`T ^` KUeY]T

:SSUaa^`g9 :=:IM>K ?HK 34 KIF 8 Ydeha lh]u^]_g eo opklla`3 lnaoo pda HCUV
HQTYCTF /:=0 kn TGYKPF /:>0 ^qppkj pk b]op
bkns]n` kn nasej` pda _]ooappa5

Vk lh]u pda ;<nli na_kn`3 lh]_a pda CFCRVGT /;;0


9 Qj_a pda `aoena` lkoepekj eo na]_da` kj pda
_]ooappa3 lnaoo pda UVQR6GLGEV /:<0 ^qppkj
kj pda olej`ha5 pk opkl pda _]ooappa5

: Rnaoo pda RNC[ /:?0 ^qppkj pk ^acej lh]u5

GHM>A Vda _]ooappa lh]uan lh]uo pda oe`a kb pda


_]ooappa b]_ejc ]s]u bnki pda qjep5 Vk
lh]u pda kpdan oe`a kb pda _]ooappa3 ukq
iqop afa_p pda _]ooappa ]j` pqnj ep kran5

?
rs {:1;-=598

I[QgY]W Q <= KQ]T^\ I[Qg


8 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda 8 Ydeha lh]uejc ] EF3 lnaoo pda TCPFQO ^qppkj
qjep pk EF ik`a5 /;?0 kj pda naikpa _kjpnkh5 yT]j`z sehh odks kj
pda NEF `eolh]u5 Vda qjep sehh n]j`kihu oaha_p
9 Rnaoo pda GLGEV ^qppkj /8>6;=0 pk klaj pda EF okjco bnki pda EF5
`n]san5 Kjoanp ] EF ejpk pda pn]u sepd pda h]^ah
oe`a b]_ejc ql5 9 Vk _]j_ah T]j`ki lh]u^]_g3 lnaoo pda
TCPFQO ^qppkj /;?0 ]c]ej5
: Rnaoo pda GLGEV ^qppkj /8>6;=0 ]c]ej pk _hkoa
pda EF `n]san5 Vda `eolh]u sehh odks yEF Nk]`z
bkn ] bas oa_kj`o ]j` lh]u^]_g sehh ]qpki]pe_]hhu I`^W`Q\\UT I[QgRQSZ
^acej5

; Vk ogel bkns]n`o kn ^]_gs]n`o pdnkqcd pda pn]_go 8 O]ga oqna pda EF eo opklla`5
kj ] EF3 lnaoo pda /886=;0 kn /?6<90 ^qppkjo5
9 Rnaoo pda RTQITCO ^qppkj /976;>05 , 78, sehh
< Vk b]op bkns]n` kn nasej` pdnkqcd ] pn]_g3 lnaoo odksj kj pda `eolh]u5
]j` dkh` pda /880 kn /?0 ^qppkjo kj pda
_kjpnkh l]jah5 Taha]oa pda ^qppkjo kj_a ukq : Rnaoo pda /886=;0 kn /?6<90^qppkjo pk
na]_d pda `aoena` lkoepekj kj pda pn]_g5 Vk qoa oaha_p ] `aoena` pn]_g5
pda naikpa pk b]op bkns]n` kn nasej`3 lnaoo pda
/=90 kn /<70 ^qppkj kja peia5 Qj_a pda
`aoena` lkoepekj eo na]_da`3 lnaoo pda ^qppkj ; Rnaoo pda RTQITCO ^qppkj /976;>0 pse_a pk
]c]ej pk naoqia lh]u5 opkna pda oaha_pa` pn]_g jqi^an5

< Tala]p ]^kra opalo : ]j` ; pk lnkcn]i


]``epekj]h pn]_go ejpk iaiknu5

KU_UQb I[QgRQSZ GHM>A O]teiqi kb @@ pn]_go _]j ^a lnkcn]iia`


ejpk iaiknu5

8 Vk nala]p ] oejcha pn]_g3 oaha_p pda `aoena` pn]_g


jqi^an ]j` lnaoo pda TGRGCV ^qppkj /;@0
kj_a5 Rnaoo pda RNC[ ^qppkj5 ,Tala]p kja, sehh
odks kj pda `eolh]u ]j` pda oaha_pa` pn]_g sehh
nala]p kj_a ep eo bejeoda`5

9 Vk nala]p ] sdkha EF3 lnaoo pda TGRGCV ^qppkj


/;@0 pse_a5 Vda `eolh]u sehh odks ,Tala]p Chh,5
Qj_a pda `eo_ eo bejeoda`3 ep sehh op]np kran ]c]ej
bnki pda ^acejjejc5

: Vk pqnj kbb pda nala]p ba]pqna3 lnaoo pda TGRGCV


^qppkj /;@0 ]c]ej5 Vda nala]p `eolh]u sehh
`eo]lla]n bnki pda NEF5

@
rs {:1;-=598
I[QgY]W FI2 <=ha LUQ`SX I[Qg
Vdeo qjep sehh lh]u EFxo na_kn`a` ej OR: bkni]p5 Chh OR: EFxo jkni]hhu _kjp]ej i]ju behao5 Du qoejc pda
pda _kjpnkho ]j` bqj_pekjo skng pda o]ia ]o ] nacqh]n oa]n_d ba]pqnao `ao_ne^a` ^ahks3 ukq _]j a]oehu ]j`
EF5 Neopa` ^ahks ]na ba]pqnao ]j` ejopnq_pekjo pd]p mqe_ghu hk_]pa ]h^qio kn okjco5 Hkhhks pda opalo
]na qjemqa pk lh]uejc ] OR: EF5 ^ahks pk qoa pda oa]n_d ba]pqna5
Ua]n_d ^u Heha P]ia

?^[TU`.:[Rc\ I[QgRQSZ LUQ`SX Rg ?Y[U GQ\U

Kb ukqn OR: EF eo oal]n]pa` ejpk bkh`ano3 bkhhks pda 8 Kj opkl kn lh]u ik`a3 lnaoo pda HKPF /8=6<80pk
opalo ^ahks pk ]__aoo pda bkh`ano5 op]np pda ]hld]^ape_ ]j` jqiane_]h oa]n_d5
9 Rnaoo pda HQNFGT2/8@6<;0 kn pda HQNFGT4
8 Ydeha pda EF eo opklla`3 lnaoo pda HQNFGT2 /8?6=<0 ^qppkjo pk oaha_p pda _knnaolkj`ejc happan
kn jqi^an kb pda pn]_g ukq ]na oa]n_dejc bkn5
/8@6<;0 kn pda HQNFGT4 /8?6=<0 ^qppkjo pk
]`r]j_a bkns]n` kn ^]_gs]n`o pdnkqcd pda
bkh`ano kj ukqn `eo_5
: Ydaj pda `aoena` pn]_g eo bkqj`3 lnaoo pda
RNC[ /8;6=:0 ^qppkj pk op]np lh]uejc pda oaha_pa`
pn]_g5
9 Qj_a pda `aoena` bkh`an eo na]_da`3 qoa pda ; Vk atep oa]n_d ik`a lnaoo pda HKPF ^qppkj qjpeh
HQTYCTF UMKR/886=;0 kn pda DCEMYCTF
UMKR/?6<90 ^qppkjo pk oaha_p pda `aoena` pn]_g5 pda , , `eo]lla]no bnki pda NEF `eolh]u5

: Rnaoo pda RNC[ /8;6=:0 pk ^acej lh]u^]_g kb pda


oaha_pa` pn]_g5 LUQ`SX Rg ?^[TU` . :[Rc\ MYb[U

<= B]V^`\QbY^] 8 Ydeha pda EF eo opklla`3 lnaoo pda HKPF /8=6<80


^qppkj pse_a pk op]np pk ^nksoa pda ]h^qi5 Vda
oa]n_d e_kj3 CNDWO 778 ]j` epo j]ia sehh ^a
odksj kj pda `eolh]u5
Kb pda OR: EF d]o pn]_g ejbkni]pekj opkna` kj ep3
oq_d ]o ]npeop ]j` pepha3 pda NEF sehh `eolh]u pd]p 9 Rnaoo pda HQNFGT2 /8@6<;0 kn HQNFGT 4 /8?6=<0
ejbkni]pekj `qnejc lh]u^]_g kb pda EF5 ^qppkj nala]pa`hu pk oaha_p pda `aoena` ]h^qi5
: Rnaoo pda HQTYCTF UMKR/886=;0 kn pda
DCEMYCTF UMKR/?6<90 ^qppkjo pk oaha_p pda
8 Ydeha pda OR: `eo_ eo lh]uejc3 lnaoo pda DCPF `aoena` bkh`an6]h^qi5
/;6<?0 ^qppkj5
PQVGA Vda oa]n_d ba]pqna sehh kjhu skng eb pda OR: EF d]o
ejbkni]pekj oq_d ]o Hkh`an3 Cnpeop ]j` Ukjc pephao
9 Vda EF ejbkni]pekj sehh op]np pk o_nkhh ]_nkoo pda ]hna]`u opkna` kj pda EF5 Vdeo ejbkni]pekj eo ]``a`
]p pda peia pda EF eo _na]pa` ]j` _]jjkp ^a ]``a`
NEF5
]bpans]n`o5

: Rnaoo pda DCPF /;6<?0 ^qppkj ]c]ej pk _]j_ah PQVGA [kq _]jjkp na_kn` OR: EFxo sepd pdeo qjep5 Vdau
iqop ^a _na]pa` sepd ] _kilqpan kn kpdan `are_a5
pda ejbkni]pekj5
PQVGA Kb pda EF s]o na_kn`a` sepdkqp ]ju pn]_g ejbkni]pekj3
WPMPQYP sehh ^a `eolh]ua` sdaj pda DCPF
^qppkj eo lnaooa`5

87
rs {:1;-=598
<= KUS^`TY]W H_U`QbY^] KUS^`TY]W <QaaUbbUa b^ <=
I`U_Q`QbY^]
Vdeo qjep eo `aoecja` pk na_kn` EF4T ]j` EF4TY 8 Nk]` ] _kil]pe^ha ^h]jg EF4T kn EF4TY ejpk
`eo_o ^a]nejc pda e`ajpebe_]pekj hkck yEkil]_p Feo_ pda qjep5
Ta_kn`]^haz kn yEF4Tasnep]^haz5 Kb EFxo `k jkp
_kjbkni pk pdeo op]j`]n`3 pdau i]u jkp na_kn`
lnklanhu5 9 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda
qjep pk Rdkjk ik`a5
KUS^`TY]W KUS^`Ta b^ <=
: Nk]` ] lna4na_kn`a` _]ooappa p]la ejpk pda
8 Nk]` ] _kil]pe^ha ^h]jg EF4T kn EF4TY ejpk _]ooappa lh]uan5 Rnaoo pk RNC[ ^qppkj/:?0 pk cap
pda qjep5 pda _]ooappa pk pda lkejp ej sde_d ukq s]jp pk
op]np pda na_kn`ejc5
9 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda
qjep pk Rdkjk ik`a5
; Qj_a pda _]ooappa eo na]`u ]j` lh]uejc3 lnaoo
pda EF TGEQTF ^qppkj />6<<0 yTa_kn`z sehh
: Uap pda URGGF EQPVTQN UYKVEJ /:90 pk bh]od kj pda NEF5 Vda EF sehh ^acej na_kn`ejc5
pda _knna_p olaa` /:: 86:3 ;< kn >? nli0 bkn
pda oaha_pa` na_kn`5
< Qj_a pda benop oe`a kb pda _]ooappa eo bejeoda`3
; Woa pda EWG NGXGT /:70 pk n]eoa pda pkja lnaoo pda UVQR ^qppkj /896<:05 Vda `eolh]u sehh
]ni kbb epo naop5 Okra pda pkja ]ni kran pda na]` yENQUG VMz sdeha pda _kjpajp eo pn]jobanna`
na_kn` ]j` qoa pda _qa haran pk hksan ep pk pda pk pda EF5 Vdeo i]u p]ga oaran]h iejqpao5 Qj_a
lkejp ukq s]jp pda na_kn`ejc pk op]np5 bejeoda`3 pda `eolh]u sehh na]` yRJQPQz5

< Rnaoo pda EF TGEQTF ^qppkj />6<<05 yTa_kn`z = Gfa_p pda _]ooappa p]la ]j` bhel ep kran pk pda
sehh odks kj pda NEF5 Vda EF sehh ^acej kpdan oe`a5
na_kn`ejc5

= Qj_a pda benop oe`a kb pda na_kn` eo bejeoda`3 > Tala]p opalo ; ]j` < pk na_kn` pda kpdan oe`a
lnaoo pda UVQR ^qppkj /896<:05 Vda `eolh]u kb pda _]ooappa5
sehh na]` yENQUG VMz sdeha pda _kjpajp eo
pn]jobanna` pk pda EF5 Vdeo i]u p]ga oaran]h
iejqpao5 Qj_a bejeoda`3 pda `eolh]u sehh na]` ? Cbpan na_kn`ejc eo _kilhapa`3 lnaoo pda
yRJQPQz5 UVQR ^qppkj /896<:05 Vda `eolh]u sehh na]`
yENQUG VMz sdeha pda _kjpajp eo pn]jobanna` pk
> Vqnj pda na_kn` kran ]j` nala]p opalo ;4= pk pda EF5 Vdeo i]u p]ga oaran]h iejqpao5 Qj_a
na_kn` pda kpdan oe`a5 bejeoda`3 pda `eolh]u sehh na]` yRJQPQz5

? Cbpan na_kn`ejc eo _kilhapa`3 lnaoo pda


UVQR ^qppkj /896<:05 Vda `eolh]u sehh na]` @ Qj_a ukq d]ra bejeoda` pda na_kn`ejc3 lnaoo pda
yENQUG VMz sdeha pda _kjpajp eo pn]jobanna` HKPCNK\G /<6<@0 ^qppkj5 Vda `eolh]u sehh na]`
pk pda EF5 Vdeo i]u p]ga oaran]h iejqpao5 ,Hej]heva,5
Qj_a bejeoda`3 pda `eolh]u sehh na]` yRJQPQz5

@ Qj_a ukq d]ra bejeoda` pda na_kn`ejc3 lnaoo


pda HKPCNK\G /<6<@0 ^qppkj5 Vda `eolh]u sehh 87 Qj_a pda EF d]o ^aaj bej]heva`3 pda qjep sehh
na]` ,Hej]heva,5 napqnj pk Rdkjk ik`a ]j` pda `eolh]u sehh odks
,RJQPQ,5 Vda EF eo jks na]`u bkn qoa5
87 Qj_a pda EF d]o ^aaj bej]heva`3 pda qjep sehh
GHM>9Kb pda EF eo jkp bej]heva`3 ep sehh jkp lh]u ej ]ju
napqnj pk Rdkjk ik`a ]j` pda `eolh]u sehh odks kpdan EF lh]uan5 Pkp ]hh EF lh]uano ]na
,RJQPQ,5 Vda EF eo jks na]`u bkn qoa5 _kil]pe^ha sepd EF4T ]j` EF4TY5o5 Eda_g pda
ksjanxo i]jq]h bkn kpdan EF lh]uano bkn
GHM>9 Kb pda EF eo jkp bej]heva`3 ep sehh jkp lh]u ej ]ju _kil]pe^ehepu5
kpdan EF lh]uan5 Pkp ]hh EF lh]uano ]na
_kil]pe^ha sepd EF4T ]j` EF4TYxo5 Eda_g
pda ksjanxo i]jq]h bkn kpdan EF lh]uano bkn
_kil]pe^ehepu5
88
rs {:1;-=598
FQ]cQ[ M`QSZ =YdYaY^] >`QaY]W Q <=,KO

[kq _]j `ere`a ukqn na_kn`ejc ejpk oal]n]pa pn]_go Kb qoejc ] EF4TY3 ukq _]j an]oa pda sdkha EF ]j`
eb ukq seod5 Du `kejc pdeo3 a]_d okjc sehh d]ra epo nana_kn` ep5 Gn]oa lnk_a`qnao ]na kjhu lkooe^ha sepd
ksj oamqajpe]h pn]_g jqi^an5 Vk `k pdeo3 ukq iqop EF4TY `eo_o5 Kp eo jkp lkooe^ha pk an]oa kn nana_kn`
qoa pda Ulhep Vn]_g ^qppkj /=6<=05 ] EF4T EF5 Vk an]oa ] EF4TY3 bkhhks pda opalo
^ahks5
Ydeha Ta_kn`ejc ukqn na_kn` 3 heopaj bkn pda aj` kb
a]_d okjc5 Vdana sehh qoq]hhu ^a ] ^neab oehaj_a
^apsaaj okjco5 Qj_a ukq ]na ]p pda aj` kb pda 8 Rnaoo pda HWPEVKQP ^qppkj /96=?0 pk oap pda
okjc3 lnaoo pda Ulhep Vn]_g ^qppkj5 Vda na_kn`ejc qjep pk EF ik`a5
sehh pdaj ck pk pda jatp pn]_g jqi^an ^u ej_naiajpo
kb kja5 Qj_a pda na_kn`ejc eo bejeoda`3 ukq _]j lnaoo
pda /886=;0 kn pda /?6<90 ^qppkjo pk ck pk 9 Nk]` ] na_kn`a` EF4TY ejpk pda qjep5
pda ^acejjejc kb a]_d okjc5
: Rnaoo pda UVQR ^qppkj /896<:0 pk opkl lh]u^]_g5

; Rnaoo pda GTCUG ^qppkj /:6<>05 GTCUG 6 [ sehh


]lla]n kj pda `eolh]u 3Rnaoo RNC[ Dqppkj/8;6=:0
pk _kjbeni ]j` pda an]oejc lnk_aoo sehh ^acej3eb
_]j_ah lha]oa lnaoo pda UVQR Dqppkj/896<:0 5
Ydaj bejeoda`3 pda `eolh]u sehh benop na]` yH Fkjaz
]j` pdaj yDNCPM EFz5

< Vda EF eo jks na]`u pk na_kn`5


GHM>9 Qj_a ] EF eo an]oa`3 pda _kjpajpo pd]p sana
kj pda EF _]jjkp ^a napneara`5

89
p>059 k r9881/=598<

:cTY^ <^]]USbY^]a
:cf B]_cb :cTY^ Hcb_cb
Woejc pda Cqt Kjlqp ]hhkso ukq pk dkkg ql ]``epekj]h
atpanj]h ]q`ek _kilkjajpo ]j` heopaj pk pdai pdnkqcd
ukqn qjep5 Cju _kilkjajp sepd ]j ]q`ek kqplqp oq_d
]o ] Vqjan3 _]j ^a _kjja_pa` ^u qoejc pda _knna_p
_]^hao /jkp ej_hq`a`05 Vdeo qjep qoao op]j`]n` TEC l m

_]^hao5 Ueilhu lhqc pda na` ]j` sdepa _kjja_pkno


kj kja aj` kb pda _]^ha pk pda na` ]j` sdepa Cqt
Kj f]_go kj pda ^]_g kb ukqn qjep5 Vda kpdan aj` kb
pda _]^ha sehh lhqc ejpk pda Cq`ek Qqplqp f]_g kj pda
atpanj]h _kilkjajp5 Hkn ikna ejbkni]pekj kj dkkgejc
ql pda atpanj]h _kilkjajp3 oaa pda ksjanxo i]jq]h CWFKQ QWVRWV CWFKQ QWVRWV
bkn pd]p _kilkjajp5 N
/YJKVG LCEM0
T
/TGF LCEM0
* -

:cTY^ Hcb_cb |/}~, ~+

Woejc pda Cq`ek Qqplqp sehh ]hhks ukq pk nqj pda :cf B]_cb
]q`ek bnki ukqn qjep ejpk ] dkia opanak3 pahareoekj
kn kpdan opanak okqn_a5 Vk i]ga pdeo _kjja_pekj3
ukq sehh jaa` op]j`]n` TEC _]^hao5 Rhqc pda na`
]j` sdepa _kjja_pkno kj kja aj` kb pda _]^ha ejpk
pda na` ]j` sdepa Cq`ek Qqplqp f]_go kj pda ^]_g l m

kb pda qjep5 Vda kpdan aj` kb pda _]^ha sehh lhqc ejpk
pda Cqt Kjlqp f]_go kb ukqn oaha_pa` _kilkjajp5 Hkn
ikna ejbkni]pekj kj dkkgejc ql pk pda atpanj]h :GHMA>K
_kilkjajp3 oaa pda ksjanxo i]jq]h bkn pd]p CWZ KP CWZ KP :N=BH <HFIHG>GM
T
_kilkjajp5 /TGF LCEM0
N
/YJKVG LCEM0 |/}~, ,/.

*
GHM>A [kq _]j opehh heopaj pk ukqn qjep sdaj qoejc pda Cq`ek
Qqplqp ba]pqna
-

EY]U B] CQSZ
Vda Neja Kj L]_g eo hk_]pa` kj pda bnkjp kb ukqn qjep5
Vdeo f]_g qoao ] :5< ii ieje lej _]^ha bkn _kjja_pekj5
Vdeo _kjja_pekj eo aola_e]hhu qoabqh ej dkkgejc ql
oi]hhan ]q`ek _kilkjajpo hega OR: lh]uano5 Vk
i]ga pdeo _kjja_pekj3 ukq sehh jaa` ] :5<ii ]q`ek
_]^ha /ej_hq`a`05 Jkkg kja aj` kb pda _]^ha ejpk pda
Neja Kj L]_g kj pda bnkjp kb ukqn qjep5 Vda kpdan aj`
sehh lhqc ejpk pda Cq`ek Qqplqp kn da]`ldkja f]_g
kj pda oaha_pa` _kilkjajp5 Hkn ikna ejbkni]pekj
kj dkkgejc ql pda atpanj]h _kilkjajp3 oaa pda
ksjano i]jq]h bkn pd]p _kilkjajp5

8:
v181;-6
M`^cR[UaX^^bY]W

MXU`U Ya ]^ I^eU`
8 O]ga oqna pda n]`ek eo lhqcca` ej _knna_phu5

9 Eda_g pk i]ga oqna pda qjep eo jkp ej Up]j`^u


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