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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys.

C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

LIGHT UNFLAVORED MESONS


(S = C = B = 0)

For I = 1 (, b, , a): ud , (uudd)/ 2, du;
for I = 0 (, , h, h , , , f , f ): c1 (u u + d d) + c2 (s s)

I G (J P ) = 1 (0 )

Mass m = 139.57018 0.00035 MeV (S = 1.2)


Mean life = (2.6033 0.0005) 108 s (S = 1.2)
c = 7.8045 m
form factors [a]
FV = 0.0254 0.0017
FA = 0.0119 0.0001
FV slope parameter a = 0.10 0.06
R = 0.059 + 0.009
0.008
modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.
For decay limits to particles which are not established, see the section on
Searches for Axions and Other Very Light Bosons.

p
+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ [b] (99.98770 0.00004) % 30


+ [c] ( 2.00 0.25 ) 104 30
e + e [b] ( 1.230 0.004 ) 104 70
e + e [c] ( 7.39 0.05 ) 107 70
e e 0
+ ( 1.036 0.006 ) 108 4
e + e e + e ( 3.2 0.5 ) 109 70
e + e < 5 106 90% 70

Lepton Family number (LF) or Lepton number (L) violating modes


+ e L [d] < 1.5 103 90% 30
+ e LF [d] < 8.0 103 90% 30
e + e + LF < 1.6 106 90% 30

0 I G (J PC ) = 1 (0 + )

Mass m = 134.9766 0.0006 MeV (S = 1.1)


m m 0 = 4.5936 0.0005 MeV
Mean life = (8.52 0.18) 1017 s (S = 1.2)
c = 25.5 nm

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

For decay limits to particles which are not established, see the appropriate
Search sections (A0 (axion) and Other Light Boson (X 0 ) Searches, etc.).

Scale factor/ p
0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

2 (98.823 0.034) % S=1.5 67


e+ e ( 1.174 0.035) % S=1.5 67
positronium ( 1.82 0.29 ) 109 67
e e+ e e
+ ( 3.34 0.16 ) 105 67
e+ e ( 6.46 0.33 ) 108 67
4 < 2 108 CL=90% 67
[e] < 2.7 107 CL=90% 67
e e < 1.7 106 CL=90% 67
< 1.6 106 CL=90% 67
< 2.1 106 CL=90% 67
< 6 104 CL=90% 67

Charge conjugation (C ) or Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes


3 C < 3.1 108 CL=90% 67
+ e LF < 3.8 1010 CL=90% 26
e + LF < 3.4 109 CL=90% 26
+ e + e + LF < 3.6 1010 CL=90% 26

I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 547.862 0.017 MeV


Full width = 1.31 0.05 keV
C-nonconserving decay parameters
+ 0 left-right asymmetry = (0.09 + 0.11
0.12 ) 10
2

+ 0 sextant asymmetry = (0.12 + 0.10


0.11 ) 10
2

+ 0 quadrant asymmetry = ( 0.09 0.09) 102


+ left-right asymmetry = (0.9 0.4) 102
+ (D-wave) = 0.02 0.07 (S = 1.3)
CP-nonconserving decay parameters
+ e + e decay-plane asymmetry A = ( 0.6 3.1) 102
Dalitz plot parameter
0 0 0 = 0.0315 0.0015

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

Scale factor/ p
DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Neutral modes
neutral modes (72.12 0.34) % S=1.2
2 (39.41 0.20) % S=1.1 274
3 0 (32.68 0.23) % S=1.1 179
0 2 ( 2.56 0.22) 104 257
2 0 2 < 1.2 103 CL=90% 238
4 < 2.8 104 CL=90% 274
invisible < 1.0 104 CL=90%
Charged modes
charged modes (28.10 0.34) % S=1.2
+ 0 (22.92 0.28) % S=1.2 174
+ ( 4.22 0.08) % S=1.1 236
e+ e ( 6.9 0.4 ) 103 S=1.3 274
+ ( 3.1 0.4 ) 104 253
e+ e < 2.3 106 CL=90% 274
+ ( 5.8 0.8 ) 106 253
2e + 2e ( 2.40 0.22) 105 274
+ e + e () ( 2.68 0.11) 104 235
e + e + < 1.6 104 CL=90% 253
2+ 2 < 3.6 104 CL=90% 161
+ + < 3.6 104 CL=90% 113
+ e e + c.c. < 1.7 104 CL=90% 256
+ 2 < 2.1 103 236
+ 0 < 5 104 CL=90% 174
0 + < 3 106 CL=90% 210

Charge conjugation (C ), Parity (P),


Charge conjugation Parity (CP), or
Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes
0 C < 9 105 CL=90% 257
+ P,CP < 1.3 105 CL=90% 236
2 0 P,CP < 3.5 104 CL=90% 238
2 0 C < 5 104 CL=90% 238
3 0 C < 6 105 CL=90% 179
3 C < 1.6 105 CL=90% 274
4 0 P,CP < 6.9 107 CL=90% 40
0 e + e C [f ] < 4 105 CL=90% 257
0 + C [f ] < 5 106 CL=90% 210
+ e + e + LF < 6 106 CL=90% 264

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

[g ]
f0 (500) or I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )
was f0 (600)

Mass m = (400550) MeV


Full width = (400700) MeV

f0 (500) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

dominant
seen

(770) [h] I G (J PC ) = 1+ (1 )

Mass m = 775.26 0.25 MeV


Full width = 149.1 0.8 MeV
ee = 7.04 0.06 keV
Scale factor/ p
(770) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

100 % 363

(770) decays
( 4.5 0.5 ) 104 S=2.2 375
< 6 103 CL=84% 152
+ 0 < 2.0 103 CL=84% 254

(770)0 decays
+ ( 9.9 1.6 ) 103 362
0 ( 6.0 0.8 ) 104 376
( 3.00 0.20 ) 104 194
0 0 ( 4.5 0.8 ) 105 363
+ [i] ( 4.55 0.28 ) 105 373
e+ e [i] ( 4.72 0.05 ) 105 388
+ 0 ( + 0.54 0.34) 104
1.01 0.36 323
+ + ( 1.8 0.9 ) 105 251
+ 0 0 ( 1.6 0.8 ) 105 257
0 e + e < 1.2 105 CL=90% 376

(782) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 782.65 0.12 MeV (S = 1.9)


Full width = 8.49 0.08 MeV
ee = 0.60 0.02 keV

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

Scale factor/ p
(782) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ 0 (89.2 0.7 ) % 327


0 ( 8.28 0.28) % S=2.1 380
+ + 0.11 ) %
( 1.53 0.13 S=1.2 366

neutrals (excluding 0 ) ( 8 +8
5 ) 103 S=1.1
( 4.6 0.4 ) 104 S=1.1 200
0 e + e ( 7.7 0.6 ) 104 380
0 + ( 1.3 0.4 ) 104 S=2.1 349
e+ e ( 7.28 0.14) 105 S=1.3 391
+ 0 0 < 2 104 CL=90% 262
+ < 3.6 103 CL=95% 366
+ + < 1 103 CL=90% 256
0 0 ( 6.6 1.1 ) 105 367
0 < 3.3 105 CL=90% 162
+ ( 9.0 3.1 ) 105 377
3 < 1.9 104 CL=95% 391

Charge conjugation (C ) violating modes


0 C < 2.1 104 CL=90% 162
2 0 C < 2.1 104 CL=90% 367
3 0 C < 2.3 104 CL=90% 330

(958) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 957.78 0.06 MeV


Full width = 0.198 0.009 MeV
p
(958) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ (42.9 0.7 ) % 232


0 (including non-resonant (29.1 0.5 ) % 165
+ )
0
0 (22.2 0.8 ) % 239
( 2.75 0.23) % 159
( 2.20 0.08) % 479
3 0 ( 2.14 0.20) 103 430
+ ( 1.08 0.27) 104 467
+ + < 2.9 105 90% 401
+ 0 ( 3.8 0.4 ) 103 428
0 0 < 4 % 90% 111
2( + ) ( 8.5 0.9 ) 105 372
+ 2 0 ( 1.8 0.4 ) 104 376

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

2( + ) neutrals < 1 % 95%


2( + ) 0 < 1.9 103 90% 298
2( + ) 2 0 < 1 % 95% 197
3( + ) < 3.1 105 90% 189
+ e + e + 1.3 ) 103
( 2.4 1.0 458
+ e e + c.c. < 2.1 104 90% 469
e+ e < 9 104 90% 479
0 < 8 104 90% 469
4 0 < 3.2 104 90% 380
e+ e < 1.2 108 90% 479
invisible < 5 104 90%
Charge conjugation (C ), Parity (P),
Lepton family number (LF ) violating modes
+ P,CP < 6 105 90% 458
0 0 P,CP < 4 104 90% 459
0 e + e C [f ] < 1.4 103 90% 469
e+ e C [f ] < 2.4 103 90% 322
3 C < 1.0 104 90% 479
+ 0 C [f ] < 6.0 105 90% 445
+ C [f ] < 1.5 105 90% 273
e LF < 4.7 104 90% 473

f0 (980) [j] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )

Mass m = 990 20 MeV


Full width = 40 to 100 MeV

f0 (980) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

dominant 476
KK seen 36
seen 495

a0 (980) [j] I G (J PC ) = 1 (0 + + )

Mass m = 980 20 MeV


Full width = 50 to 100 MeV
a0 (980) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

dominant 319
KK seen
seen 490

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1020) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 1019.461 0.019 MeV (S = 1.1)


Full width = 4.266 0.031 MeV (S = 1.2)
Scale factor/ p
(1020) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

K+K (48.9 0.5 )% S=1.1 127


K 0L K 0S (34.2 0.4 )% S=1.1 110
+ + 0 (15.32 0.32 ) % S=1.1
( 1.309 0.024) % S=1.2 363
0 ( 1.27 0.06 ) 103 501
+ 510
e+ e ( 2.954 0.030) 104 S=1.1 510
+ ( 2.87 0.19 ) 104 499
e+ e ( 1.15 0.10 ) 104 363
+ ( 7.4 1.3 ) 105 490
0 ( 4.7 0.5 ) 105 172
< 5 % CL=84% 209
< 1.2 105 CL=90% 215
+ ( 4.1 1.3 ) 105 490
f0 (980) ( 3.22 0.19 ) 104 S=1.1 29
0 0 ( 1.13 0.06 ) 104 492
+ + ( 4.0 + 2.8
2.2 ) 106 410
+ + 0 < 4.6 106 CL=90% 342
0 e + e ( 1.12 0.28 ) 105 501
0 ( 7.27 0.30 ) 105 S=1.5 346
a0 (980) ( 7.6 0.6 ) 105 39
K0K0 < 1.9 108 CL=90% 110
(958) ( 6.25 0.21 ) 105 60
0 0 < 2 105 CL=90% 293
+ ( 1.4 0.5 ) 105 499
< 1.2 104 CL=90% 215
+ < 1.8 105 CL=90% 288
+ < 9.4 106 CL=90% 321
U e+ e < 1 106 CL=90%
Lepton Family number (LF) violating modes
e LF < 2 106 CL=90% 504

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

h1 (1170) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 + )

Mass m = 1170 20 MeV


Full width = 360 40 MeV

h1 (1170) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 308

b1 (1235) I G (J PC ) = 1+ (1 + )

Mass m = 1229.5 3.2 MeV (S = 1.6)


Full width = 142 9 MeV (S = 1.2)
p
b1 (1235) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

dominant 348
[D/S amplitude ratio = 0.277 0.027]
( 1.6 0.4) 103 607
seen
+ + 0 < 50 % 84% 535
K (892) K seen
(K K ) 0 < 8 % 90% 248
K 0S K 0L < 6 % 90% 235
K 0S K 0S < 2 % 90% 235
< 1.5 % 84% 147

a1 (1260) [k] I G (J PC ) = 1 (1 + + )

Mass m = 1230 40 MeV [l]


Full width = 250 to 600 MeV
a1 (1260) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

( )Swave seen 353


( )Dwave seen 353
( (1450) )Swave seen
( (1450) )Dwave seen
seen
f0 (980) not seen 179
f0 (1370) seen
f2 (1270) seen
K K (892)+ c.c. seen
seen 608

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

f2 (1270) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 1275.5 0.8 MeV


Full width = 186.7 + 2.2
2.5 MeV (S = 1.4)
Scale factor/ p
f2 (1270) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ 2.9 ) %
(84.2 S=1.1 623
0.9
+ 2 0 + 1.1 ) %
( 7.7 3.2 S=1.2 563

KK + 0.5 ) %
( 4.6 S=2.7 404
0.4
2 + 2 ( 2.8 0.4 ) % S=1.2 560
( 4.0 0.8 ) 103 S=2.1 326
4 0 ( 3.0 1.0 ) 103 565
( 1.42 0.24) 105 S=1.4 638
< 8 103 CL=95% 478
K 0 K + + c.c. < 3.4 103 CL=95% 293
e+ e < 6 1010 CL=90% 638

f1 (1285) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )

Mass m = 1281.9 0.5 MeV (S = 1.8)


Full width = 24.2 1.1 MeV (S = 1.3)
Scale factor/ p
f1 (1285) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

4 + 2.1 ) %
(33.1 S=1.3 568
1.8
0 0 + + 1.4 ) %
(22.0 1.2 S=1.3 566

2 + 2 + 0.7 ) %
(11.0 0.6 S=1.3 563

0 + + 0.7 ) %
(11.0 0.6 S=1.3 336
0 0 seen
4 0 < 7 104 CL=90% 568
+ (35 15 ) % 479
+ 1.9 ) %
(52.4 S=1.2 482
2.2
a0 (980) [ignoring a0 (980) (36 7 ) % 238
K K]
[excluding a0 (980)] (16 7 ) % 482
KK ( 9.0 0.4) % S=1.1 308

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

K K (892) not seen


+ 0 ( 3.0 0.9) 103 603
< 3.1 103 CL=95% 390
0 ( 5.5 1.3) % S=2.8 407
( 7.4 2.6) 104 236

(1295) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 1294 4 MeV (S = 1.6)


Full width = 55 5 MeV

(1295) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

+ seen 487
a0 (980) seen 248
0 0 seen 490
()S -wave seen

(1300) I G (J PC ) = 1 (0 + )

Mass m = 1300 100 MeV [l]


Full width = 200 to 600 MeV

(1300) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 404
()S -wave seen

a2 (1320) I G (J PC ) = 1 (2 + + )

Mass m = 1318.3 + 0.5


0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)
Full width = 107 5 MeV [l]
Scale factor/ p
a2 (1320) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

3 (70.1 2.7 ) % S=1.2 624


(14.5 1.2 ) % 535
(10.6 3.2 ) % S=1.3 366
KK ( 4.9 0.8 ) % 437
(958) ( 5.5 0.9 ) 103 288
( 2.91 0.27) 103 652
( 9.4 0.7 ) 106 659
e+ e < 5 109 CL=90% 659

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

f0 (1370) [j] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )

Mass m = 1200 to 1500 MeV


Full width = 200 to 500 MeV

f0 (1370) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 672
4 seen 617
4 0 seen 617
2 + 2 seen 612
+ 2 0 seen 615
dominant
2()S -wave seen
(1300) seen
a1 (1260) seen 35
seen 411
KK seen 475
K K n not seen
6 not seen 508
not seen
seen 685
e+ e not seen 685

1 (1400) [n] I G (J PC ) = 1 (1 + )

Mass m = 1354 25 MeV (S = 1.8)


Full width = 330 35 MeV

1 (1400) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

0 seen 557
seen 556

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1405) [o] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 1408.8 1.8 MeV [l] (S = 2.1)


Full width = 51.0 2.9 MeV [l] (S = 1.8)
p
(1405) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

KK seen 424
seen 562
a0 (980) seen 345
()S -wave seen
f0 (980) seen
4 seen 639
<58 % 99.85%
0
seen 491
K (892)K seen 123

f1 (1420) [p] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )

Mass m = 1426.4 0.9 MeV (S = 1.1)


Full width = 54.9 2.6 MeV

f1 (1420) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK dominant 438
K K (892)+ c.c. dominant 163
possibly seen 573
seen 349

(1420) [q] I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m (14001450) MeV


Full width (180250) MeV

(1420) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

dominant 486
seen 444
b1 (1235) seen 125
e+ e seen 710

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

a0 (1450) [j] I G (J PC ) = 1 (0 + + )

Mass m = 1474 19 MeV


Full width = 265 13 MeV

a0 (1450) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 627
(958) seen 410
KK seen 547
seen 484
a0 (980) seen 342
seen 737

(1450) [r ] I G (J PC ) = 1+ (1 )

Mass m = 1465 25 MeV [l]


Full width = 400 60 MeV [l]

(1450) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 720
4 seen 669
e+ e seen 732
seen 311
a2 (1320) not seen 54
KK not seen 541
K K (892)+ c.c. possibly seen 229
seen 630
f0 (500) not seen
f0 (980) not seen 398
f0 (1370) not seen 92
f2 (1270) not seen 177

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1475) [o] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 1476 4 MeV (S = 1.3)


Full width = 85 9 MeV (S = 1.5)

(1475) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK dominant 477
K K (892)+ c.c. seen 245
a0 (980) seen 396
seen 738

f0 (1500) [n] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )

Mass m = 1504 6 MeV (S = 1.3)


Full width = 109 7 MeV
p
f0 (1500) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Scale factor (MeV/c)

(34.9 2.3) % 1.2 740


+ seen 739
2 0 seen 740
4 (49.5 3.3) % 1.2 691
4 0 seen 691
2 + 2 seen 686
2()S -wave seen
seen
(1300) seen 143
a1 (1260) seen 217
( 5.1 0.9) % 1.4 515
(958) ( 1.9 0.8) % 1.7
KK ( 8.6 1.0) % 1.1 568
not seen 752

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

f 2 (1525) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 1525 5 MeV [l]


Full width = 73 + 6
5 MeV
[l]

f 2 (1525) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK (88.7 2.2 ) % 581


(10.4 2.2 ) % 530
( 8.2 1.5 ) 103 750
( 1.10 0.14) 106 763

1 (1600) [n] I G (J PC ) = 1 (1 + )

Mass m = 1662 + 8
9 MeV
Full width = 241 40 MeV (S = 1.4)

1 (1600) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

not seen 803


0 not seen 641
f2 (1270) not seen 318
b1 (1235) seen 357
(958) seen 543
f1 (1285) seen 314

2 (1645) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + )

Mass m = 1617 5 MeV


Full width = 181 11 MeV

2 (1645) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

a2 (1320) seen 242


KK seen 580
KK seen 404
+ seen 685
a0 (980) seen 499
f2 (1270) not seen

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1650) [s] I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 1670 30 MeV


Full width = 315 35 MeV

(1650) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 647
seen 617
seen 500
e+ e seen 835

3 (1670) I G (J PC ) = 0 (3 )

Mass m = 1667 4 MeV


Full width = 168 10 MeV [l]

3 (1670) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 645
seen 615
b1 (1235) possibly seen 361

2 (1670) I G (J PC ) = 1 (2 + )

Mass m = 1672.2 3.0 MeV [l] (S = 1.4)


Full width = 260 9 MeV [l] (S = 1.2)
p
2 (1670) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

3 (95.8 1.4) % 809


f2 (1270) (56.3 3.2) % 328
(31 4 ) % 648
(10.9 3.4) %
()S -wave ( 8.7 3.4) %
K K (892)+ c.c. ( 4.2 1.4) % 455
( 2.7 1.1) % 304
( 7.0 1.1) 104 830
< 2.8 107 90% 836
(1450) < 3.6 103 97.7% 147
b1 (1235) < 1.9 103 97.7% 365
f1 (1285) possibly seen 323
a2 (1320) not seen 292

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1680) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 1680 20 MeV [l]


Full width = 150 50 MeV [l]

(1680) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K K (892)+ c.c. dominant 462


K 0S K seen 621
KK seen 680
e+ e seen 840
not seen 623
K + K + seen 544
seen 290
seen 751

3 (1690) I G (J PC ) = 1+ (3 )

Mass m = 1688.8 2.1 MeV [l]


Full width = 161 10 MeV [l] (S = 1.5)
p
3 (1690) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Scale factor (MeV/c)

4 (71.1 1.9 ) % 790


+ 0 (67 22 )% 787
(16 6 )% 655
(23.6 1.3 ) % 834
KK ( 3.8 1.2 ) % 629
KK ( 1.58 0.26) % 1.2 685
+ seen 727
(770) seen 520
seen 633
Excluding 2 and a2 (1320).
a2 (1320) seen 307
seen 335

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(1700) [r ] I G (J PC ) = 1+ (1 )

Mass m = 1720 20 MeV [l] ( 0 and + modes)


Full width = 250 100 MeV [l] ( 0 and + modes)

(1700) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

2( + ) large 803
dominant 653
0 + large 651
0 large 652
a1 (1260) seen 404
h1 (1170) seen 447
(1300) seen 349
seen 372
+ seen 849
seen 849
K K (892)+ c.c. seen 496
seen 545
a2 (1320) not seen 334
KK seen 704
e+ e seen 860
0 seen 674

f0 (1710) [t] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )

Mass m = 1723 + 6
5 MeV (S = 1.6)
Full width = 139 8 MeV (S = 1.1)

f0 (1710) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK seen 706
seen 665
seen 851
seen 360

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(1800) I G (J PC ) = 1 (0 + )

Mass m = 1812 12 MeV (S = 2.3)


Full width = 208 12 MeV

(1800) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

+ seen 879
f0 (500) seen
f0 (980) seen 625
f0 (1370) seen 368
f0 (1500) not seen 250
not seen 732
seen 661
a0 (980) seen 473
a2 (1320) not seen
f2 (1270) not seen 442
f0 (1370) not seen 368
f0 (1500) seen 250
(958) seen 375
K 0 (1430)K seen
K (892)K not seen 570

3 (1850) I G (J PC ) = 0 (3 )

Mass m = 1854 7 MeV


Full width = 87 + 28
23 MeV (S = 1.2)

3 (1850) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK seen 785
K K (892)+ c.c. seen 602

2 (1880) I G (J PC ) = 1 (2 + )

Mass m = 1895 16 MeV


Full width = 235 34 MeV

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

f2 (1950) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 1944 12 MeV (S = 1.5)


Full width = 472 18 MeV

f2 (1950) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K (892)K (892) seen 387


+ seen 962
0 0 seen 963
4 seen 925
seen 803
KK seen 837
seen 972
pp seen 254

f2 (2010) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 2011 + 60
80 MeV
Full width = 202 60 MeV

f2 (2010) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen
KK seen 876

a4 (2040) I G (J PC ) = 1 (4 + + )

Mass m = 1995 + 10
8 MeV (S = 1.1)
Full width = 257 + 25
23 MeV (S = 1.3)

a4 (2040) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

KK seen 867
+ 0 seen 973
seen 841
f2 (1270) seen 579
0 seen 818
seen 623
seen 917
(958) seen 760

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f4 (2050) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (4 + + )

Mass m = 2018 11 MeV (S = 2.1)


Full width = 237 18 MeV (S = 1.9)

f4 (2050) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 637
(17.0 1.5) % 1000
KK + 3.4 ) 103
( 6.8 880
1.8
( 2.1 0.8) 103 848
4 0 < 1.2 % 964
a2 (1320) seen 567

(2170) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 2175 15 MeV (S = 1.6)


Full width = 61 18 MeV

(2170) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

e+ e seen 1087
f0 (980) seen 416
K + K f0 (980) seen
K + K +
K K f0 (980) K + K 0 0
+ seen
K 0 K not seen 770
K (892)0 K (892)0 not seen 622

f2 (2300) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 2297 28 MeV


Full width = 149 40 MeV

f2 (2300) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 529
KK seen 1037
seen 1149

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f2 (2340) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 2345 + 50
40 MeV
Full width = 322 + 70
60 MeV

f2 (2340) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 580
seen 1037

STRANGE MESONS
(S = 1, C = B = 0)
K + = us, K 0 = ds, K 0 = d s, K = u s, similarly for K s

K I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

Mass m = 493.677 0.016 MeV [u] (S = 2.8)


Mean life = (1.2380 0.0020) 108 s (S = 1.8)
c = 3.711 m
Slope parameter g [v ]

(See Particle Listings for quadratic coefficients and alternative


parametrization related to scattering)
K + g = 0.21134 0.00017
(g+ g ) / (g+ + g ) = ( 1.5 2.2) 104
K 0 0 g = 0.626 0.007
(g+ g ) / (g+ + g ) = (1.8 1.8) 104
K decay form factors [a,x]

Assuming -e universality
+ (K + +
3 ) = + (K e3 ) = (2.97 0.05) 10
2

0 (K +
3 ) = (1.95 0.12) 10
2

Not assuming -e universality


+ (K +
e3 ) = (2.98 0.05) 10
2

+ (K +
3 ) = (2.96 0.17) 10
2

0 (K +
3 ) = (1.96 0.13) 10
2

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Ke3 form factor quadratic fit


+ (K e3 ) linear coeff. = (2.49 0.17) 10
2

+ (K
e3 ) quadratic coeff. = (0.19 0.09) 10
2

K+ fS /f+ = ( 0.3 + 0.8 ) 102



e3 0.7
+
K e3 fT /f+ = ( 1.2 2.3) 102

K+ fS /f+ = (0.2 0.6) 102



3
K+ fT /f+ = ( 0.1 0.7) 102

3
K e + e FA + FV = 0.133 0.008 (S = 1.3)
+

K + + FA + FV = 0.165 0.013
K + e + e FA FV < 0.49, CL = 90%
K + + FA FV = 0.24 to 0.04, CL = 90%
Charge Radius

r = 0.560 0.031 fm
CP violation parameters
(K
e e ) = ( 2.2 1.6) 10
2

(K
) = 0.010 0.023
(K
) = (0.0 1.2) 10
3
(cos(K )>0)(cos( K )<0)
AF B (K
) = (cos(K )>0)+(cos(K )<0)
< 2.3 102 , CL
= 90%
T violation parameters
K + 0 + PT = ( 1.7 2.5) 103
K + + PT = ( 0.6 1.9) 102
K + 0 + Im() = 0.006 0.008

K modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.


Scale factor/ p
K + DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)

Leptonic and semileptonic modes


e + e ( 1.582 0.007) 105 247
+ ( 63.56 0.11 ) % S=1.2 236
0 e + e ( 5.07 0.04 ) % S=2.1 228
Called K +
e3 .
0
+ ( 3.352 0.033) % S=1.9 215
Called K +
3 .
0 0 e + e ( 2.55 0.04 ) 105 S=1.1 206

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+ e + e ( 4.247 0.024) 105 203


+ + ( 1.4 0.9 ) 105 151
0 0 0 e + e < 3.5 106 CL=90% 135

Hadronic modes
+ 0 ( 20.67 0.08 ) % S=1.2 205
+ 0 0 ( 1.760 0.023) % S=1.1 133
+ + ( 5.583 0.024) % 125

Leptonic and semileptonic modes with photons


+ [y,z] ( 6.2 0.8 ) 103 236
+ (SD+ ) [a,aa] ( 1.33 0.22 ) 105
+ (SD+ INT) [a,aa] < 2.7 105 CL=90%
+ (SD + SD INT) [a,aa] < 2.6 104 CL=90%
e + e ( 9.4 0.4 ) 106 247
0 e + e [y,z] ( 2.56 0.16 ) 104 228
0 e + e (SD) [a,aa] < 5.3 105 CL=90% 228
0 + [y,z] ( 1.25 0.25 ) 105 215
0 0 e + e < 5 106 CL=90% 206

Hadronic modes with photons or pairs


+ 0 (INT) ( 4.2 0.9 ) 106
+ 0 (DE) [y,bb] ( 6.0 0.4 ) 106 205
+ 0 0 [y,z] ( 7.6 + 6.0
3.0 ) 10
6 133
+ + [y,z] ( 1.04 0.31 ) 104 125
+ [y ] ( 1.01 0.06 ) 106 227
+ 3 [y ] < 1.0 104 CL=90% 227
+ e + e ( 1.19 0.13 ) 108 227

Leptonic modes with pairs


e + e < 6 105 CL=90% 247
+ < 6.0 106 CL=90% 236
e + e e + e ( 2.48 0.20 ) 108 247
+ e + e ( 7.06 0.31 ) 108 236
e + e + ( 1.7 0.5 ) 108 223
+ + < 4.1 107 CL=90% 185

Lepton Family number (LF ), Lepton number (L), S = Q (SQ)


violating modes, or S = 1 weak neutral current (S1 ) modes
e e
+ + SQ < 1.3 108 CL=90% 203
+ +
SQ < 3.0 106 CL=95% 151
+ e + e S1 ( 3.00 0.09 ) 107 227
+ + S1 ( 9.4 0.6 ) 108 S=2.6 172
+
S1 ( 1.7 1.1 ) 1010 227
+ 0 S1 < 4.3 105 CL=90% 205

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e + e + LF < 2.1 108 CL=90% 236


+ e LF [d] < 4 103 CL=90% 236
+ + e LF < 1.3 1011 CL=90% 214
+ e + LF < 5.2 1010 CL=90% 214
+ e + L < 5.0 1010 CL=90% 214
e + e + L < 6.4 1010 CL=90% 227
+ + L [d] < 1.1 109 CL=90% 172
+ e L [d] < 3.3 103 CL=90% 236
0 e + e L < 3 103 CL=90% 228
+ [cc] < 2.3 109 CL=90% 227

K0 I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

50% KS , 50% KL
Mass m = 497.611 0.013 MeV (S = 1.2)
m K 0 m K = 3.934 0.020 MeV (S = 1.6)
Mean Square Charge Radius
2
r = 0.077 0.010 fm2

T-violation parameters in K 0 -K 0 mixing [x]


Asymmetry AT in K 0 -K 0 mixing = (6.6 1.6) 103
CPT-violation parameters [x]

Re = (2.5 2.3) 104


Im = ( 1.5 1.6) 105
Re(y), Ke3 parameter = (0.4 2.5) 103
Re(x ), Ke3 parameter = ( 2.9 2.0) 103
m 0 m 0 / m average < 6 1019 , CL = 90% [dd]

K K
( K 0 K 0 )/m average = (8 8) 1018
Tests of S = Q
Re(x+ ), Ke3 parameter = ( 0.9 3.0) 103

K 0S I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

Mean life = (0.8954 0.0004) 1010 s (S = 1.1) Assum-


ing CPT
Mean life = (0.89564 0.00033) 1010 s Not assuming
CPT
c = 2.6844 cm Assuming CPT

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

CP-violation parameters [ee]


Im( +0 ) = 0.002 0.009
Im( 000 ) = 0.001 0.016
000 = A(K 0 3 0 )/A(K 0 3 0 ) < 0.0088, CL =

S L
90%
CP asymmetry A in + e + e = ( 0.4 0.8)%
Scale factor/ p
K 0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
S

Hadronic modes
0 0 (30.69 0.05) % 209
+ (69.20 0.05) % 206
+ 0 + 1.1 ) 107
( 3.5 0.9 133

Modes with photons or pairs


+ [z,ff ] ( 1.79 0.05) 103 206
+ e + e ( 4.79 0.15) 105 206
0 [ff ] ( 4.9 1.8 ) 108 230
( 2.63 0.17) 106 S=3.0 249

Semileptonic modes
e e [gg ] ( 7.04 0.08) 104 229

CP violating (CP) and S = 1 weak neutral current (S1 ) modes


3 0 CP < 2.6 108 CL=90% 139
+ S1 < 9 109 CL=90% 225
e+ e S1 < 9 109 CL=90% 249
0 e + e S1 [ff ] + 1.5 ) 109
( 3.0 1.2 230

0 + S1 + 1.5 ) 109
( 2.9 1.2 177

K 0L I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

m KL m KS
= (0.5293 0.0009) 1010 h
s 1 (S = 1.3) Assuming CPT
= (3.484 0.006) 1012 MeV Assuming CPT
= (0.5289 0.0010) 1010 h
s 1 Not assuming CPT
Mean life = (5.116 0.021) 108 s (S = 1.1)
c = 15.34 m

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Slope parameters [v ]

(See Particle Listings for other linear and quadratic coefficients)


K 0L + 0 : g = 0.678 0.008 (S = 1.5)
K 0L + 0 : h = 0.076 0.006
K 0L + 0 : k = 0.0099 0.0015
K 0L 0 0 0 : h = (0.6 1.2) 103
KL decay form factors [x]

Linear parametrization assuming -e universality


+ (K 03 ) = + (K 0e3 ) = (2.82 0.04) 102 (S = 1.1)
0 (K 03 ) = (1.38 0.18) 102 (S = 2.2)
Quadratic parametrization assuming -e universality
+ (K 03 ) = + (K 0e3 ) = (2.40 0.12) 102 (S = 1.2)
0 0
+ (K 3 ) = + (K e3 ) = (0.20 0.05) 10
2 (S = 1.2)
0 (K 03 ) = (1.16 0.09) 102 (S = 1.2)
Pole parametrization assuming -e universality

M V (K 03 ) = M eV (K 0e3 ) = 878 6 MeV (S = 1.1)

M S (K 03 ) = 1252 90 MeV (S = 2.6)
Dispersive parametrization assuming -e universality
+ = (0.251 0.006) 101 (S = 1.5)
ln(C) = (1.75 0.18) 101 (S = 2.0)
K 0e3 fS /f+ = (1.5 + 1.4 2

1.6 ) 10
K 0e3 fT /f+ = (5 + 4 2

5 ) 10
K 03 fT /f+ = (12 12) 102

KL + , KL + + : K = 0.205
0.022 (S = 1.8)
K L + , K 0L + + : DIP = 1.69
0

0.08 (S = 1.7)
KL + e + e : a1 /a2 = 0.737 0.014 GeV2
KL 0 2: aV = 0.43 0.06 (S = 1.5)

CP-violation parameters [ee]


A
L= (0.332 0.006)%
00 = (2.220 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)
+ = (2.232 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)

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= (2.228 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)


00 / + = 0.9950 0.0007 [hh] (S = 1.6)


Re( /) = (1.66 0.23) 103 [hh] (S = 1.6)


Assuming CPT
+ = (43.51 0.05) (S = 1.2)
00 = (43.52 0.05) (S = 1.3)
=SW = (43.52 0.05) (S = 1.2)
Im( /) = (00 + )/3 = ( 0.002 0.005) (S = 1.7)
Not assuming CPT
+ = (43.4 0.5) (S = 1.2)
00 = (43.7 0.6) (S = 1.2)
= (43.5 0.5) (S = 1.3)
CP asymmetry A in K 0L + e + e = (13.7 1.5)%
CP from K 0L e + e e + e = 0.19 0.07
CP from K 0L e + e e + e = 0.01 0.11 (S = 1.6)
j for K 0L + 0 = 0.0012 0.0008
f for K 0L + 0 = 0.004 0.006
+ = (2.35 0.07) 103

+ = (44 4)

/ < 0.3, CL = 90%
+
gE1 for K 0 + < 0.21, CL = 90%

L
T-violation parameters
Im() in K 03 = 0.007 0.026
CPT invariance tests
00 + = (0.34 0.32)
A
Re( 32 + + 31 00 ) 2L = ( 3 35) 106

S = Q in K 03 decay
Re x = 0.002 0.006
Im x = 0.0012 0.0021

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Scale factor/ p
K 0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)
L

Semileptonic modes
e e [gg ] (40.55 0.11 ) % S=1.7 229
Called K 0e3 .

[gg ] (27.04 0.07 ) % S=1.1 216
Called K 03 .
( atom) ( 1.05 0.11 ) 107 188
0 e [gg ] ( 5.20 0.11 ) 105 207
e e + e [gg ] ( 1.26 0.04 ) 105 229

Hadronic modes, including Charge conjugationParity Violating (CPV) modes


3 0 (19.52 0.12 ) % S=1.6 139
+
0 (12.54 0.05 ) % 133
+
CPV [ii] ( 1.967 0.010) 10 3 S=1.5 206
0 0 CPV ( 8.64 0.06 ) 104 S=1.8 209

Semileptonic modes with photons


e e [z,gg,jj] ( 3.79 0.06 ) 103 229
( 5.65 0.23 ) 104 216

Hadronic modes with photons or pairs


0 0 < 2.43 107 CL=90% 209
+ [z,jj] ( 4.15 0.15 ) 105 S=2.8 206
+ (DE) ( 2.84 0.11 ) 105 S=2.0 206
0 2 [jj] ( 1.273 0.033) 106 230
0 e + e ( 1.62 0.17 ) 108 230

Other modes with photons or pairs


2 ( 5.47 0.04 ) 104 S=1.1 249
3 < 7.4 108 CL=90% 249
e+ e ( 9.4 0.4 ) 106 S=2.0 249
+ ( 3.59 0.11 ) 107 S=1.3 225
e+ e [jj] ( 5.95 0.33 ) 107 249
+ [jj] ( 1.0 + 0.8
0.6 ) 108 225

Charge conjugation Parity (CP) or Lepton Family number (LF )


violating modes, or S = 1 weak neutral current (S1 ) modes
+ S1 ( 6.84 0.11 ) 109 225
e+ e S1 ( 9 +6
4 ) 1012 249
+ e + e S1 [jj] ( 3.11 0.19 ) 107 206
0 0 e + e S1 < 6.6 109 CL=90% 209
0 0 + S1 < 9.2 1011 CL=90% 57
+ e + e S1 ( 2.69 0.27 ) 109 225

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e+ e e+ e S1 ( 3.56 0.21 ) 108 249


0 + CP,S1 [kk] < 3.8 1010 CL=90% 177
0 e + e CP,S1 [kk] < 2.8 1010 CL=90% 230
0 CP,S1 [ll] < 2.6 108 CL=90% 230
0 0 S1 < 8.1 107 CL=90% 209
e LF [gg ] < 4.7 1012 CL=90% 238
e e LF [gg ] < 4.12 1011 CL=90% 225
0 e LF [gg ] < 7.6 1011 CL=90% 217
0 0 e LF < 1.7 1010 CL=90% 159

K (892) I (J P ) = 12 (1 )

K (892) hadroproduced mass m = 891.66 0.26 MeV


K (892) in decays mass m = 895.5 0.8 MeV
K (892)0 mass m = 895.81 0.19 MeV (S = 1.4)
K (892) hadroproduced full width = 50.8 0.9 MeV
K (892) in decays full width = 46.2 1.3 MeV
K (892)0 full width = 47.4 0.6 MeV (S = 2.2)
p
K (892) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

K 100 % 289
K0 ( 2.46 0.21) 103 307
K ( 9.9 0.9 ) 104 309
K < 7 104 95% 223

K1 (1270) I (J P ) = 12 (1+ )

Mass m = 1272 7 MeV [l]


Full width = 90 20 MeV [l]

K1 (1270) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K (42 6 ) % 46
K 0 (1430) (28 4 ) %
K (892) (16 5 ) % 302
K (11.0 2.0) %
K f0 (1370) ( 3.0 2.0) %
K0 seen 539

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K1 (1400) I (J P ) = 12 (1+ )

Mass m = 1403 7 MeV


Full width = 174 13 MeV (S = 1.6)

K1 (1400) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K (892) (94 6 ) % 402


K ( 3.0 3.0) % 293
K f0 (1370) ( 2.0 2.0) %
K ( 1.0 1.0) % 284
K 0 (1430) not seen
K0 seen 613

K (1410) I (J P ) = 12 (1 )

Mass m = 1414 15 MeV (S = 1.3)


Full width = 232 21 MeV (S = 1.1)
p
K (1410) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

K (892) > 40 % 95% 410


K ( 6.6 1.3) % 612
K < 7 % 95% 305
K0 seen 619

K 0 (1430) [nn] I (J P ) = 12 (0+ )

Mass m = 1425 50 MeV


Full width = 270 80 MeV

K (1430) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


0
K (93 10 ) % 619
K ( 8.6 + 2.7
3.4 ) % 486

K 2 (1430) I (J P ) = 12 (2+ )

K 2 (1430) mass m = 1425.6 1.5 MeV (S = 1.1)


K 2 (1430)0 mass m = 1432.4 1.3 MeV
K 2 (1430) full width = 98.5 2.7 MeV (S = 1.1)
K 2 (1430)0 full width = 109 5 MeV (S = 1.9)
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Scale factor/ p
K (1430) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
2
K (49.9 1.2) % 619
K (892) (24.7 1.5) % 419
K (892) (13.4 2.2) % 372
K ( 8.7 0.8) % S=1.2 318
K ( 2.9 0.8) % 311
K+ ( 2.4 0.5) 103 S=1.1 627
K + 3.4 ) 103
( 1.5 S=1.3 486
1.0
K < 7.2 104 CL=95% 100
K0 < 9 104 CL=90% 626

K (1680) I (J P ) = 12 (1 )

Mass m = 1717 27 MeV (S = 1.4)


Full width = 322 110 MeV (S = 4.2)

K (1680) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K (38.7 2.5) % 781


K + 5.0 ) %
(31.4 571
2.1
K (892) + 2.2 ) %
(29.9 5.0 618

K2 (1770) [oo] I (J P ) = 12 (2 )

Mass m = 1773 8 MeV


Full width = 186 14 MeV

K2 (1770) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K 794
K 2 (1430) dominant 288
K (892) seen 654
K f2 (1270) seen 52
K seen 441
K seen 607

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K 3 (1780) I (J P ) = 12 (3 )

Mass m = 1776 7 MeV (S = 1.1)


Full width = 159 21 MeV (S = 1.3)
p
K (1780) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
3
K (31 9 ) % 613
K (892) (20 5 ) % 656
K (18.8 1.0) % 813
K (30 13 ) % 719
K 2 (1430) < 16 % 95% 291

K2 (1820) [pp] I (J P ) = 12 (2 )

Mass m = 1816 13 MeV


Full width = 276 35 MeV

K2 (1820) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

K 2 (1430) seen 327


K (892) seen 681
K f2 (1270) seen 185
K seen 638

K 4 (2045) I (J P ) = 12 (4+ )

Mass m = 2045 9 MeV (S = 1.1)


Full width = 198 30 MeV

K (2045) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


4
K (9.9 1.2) % 958
K (892) (9 5 ) % 802
K (892) (7 5 ) % 768
K (5.7 3.2) % 741
K (5.0 3.0) % 738
K (2.8 1.4) % 594
K (892) (1.4 0.7) % 363

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CHARMED MESONS
(C = 1)
D + = cd, D 0 = cu, D 0 = c u, D = c d, similarly for D s

D I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

Mass m = 1869.61 0.09 MeV


Mean life = (1040 7) 1015 s
c = 311.8 m
c-quark decays
(c + anything)/(c anything) = 0.096 0.004 [qq]
(c D (2010)+ anything)/(c anything) = 0.255 0.017
CP-violation decay-rate asymmetries
ACP ( ) = (8 8)%
ACP (K 0S ) = ( 0.41 0.09)%
ACP (K 2 ) = ( 0.18 0.16)%
ACP (K 0 ) = ( 0.3 0.7)%
ACP (K 0S 0 ) = ( 0.1 0.7)%
ACP (K 0S + ) = (0.0 1.2)%
ACP ( 0 ) = (2.9 2.9)%
ACP ( ) = (1.0 1.5)% (S = 1.4)
ACP ( (958)) = ( 0.5 1.2)% (S = 1.1)
ACP (K 0 / K 0 K ) = (0.11 0.17)%
ACP (K 0S K ) = ( 0.11 0.25)%
ACP (K + K ) = (0.37 0.29)%
ACP (K K 0 ) = ( 0.3 0.4)%
ACP ( ) = (0.09 0.19)% (S = 1.2)
ACP (K K 0 (1430)0 ) = (8 + 7
6 )%
ACP (K K 2 (1430)0 ) = (43 + 20
26 )%
ACP (K K 0 (800)) = ( 12 + 18
13 )%
ACP (a0 (1450)0 ) = ( 19 + 14
16 )%
ACP ((1680) ) = ( 9 26)%
ACP ( + ) = ( 2 4)%
ACP (K 0S K + ) = ( 4 7)%
ACP (K 0 ) = ( 4 11)%
2 TESTS OF CP-VIOLATION (CPV )
Local CPV in D + = 78.1%
Local CPV in D K + K = 31%

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T-violation decay-rate asymmetry


AT (K 0S K + ) = ( 12 11) 103 [rr ]

D + form factors
f+ (0)Vcs in K 0 + = 0.707 0.013

r1 a1 /a0 in K 0 + = 1.7 0.5


r2 a2 /a0 in K 0 + = 14 11
f+ (0)Vcd in 0 + = 0.146 0.007
r1 a1 /a0 in 0 + = 1.4 0.9
r2 a2 /a0 in 0 + = 4 5
f+ (0)Vcd in D + e + e = 0.086 0.006
r1 a1 /a0 in D + e + e = 1.8 2.2
rv V(0)/A1 (0) in D + ,D 0 e + e = 1.48 0.16
r2 A2 (0)/A1 (0) in D + ,D 0 e + e = 0.83 0.12
rv V(0)/A1 (0) in K (892)0 + = 1.51 0.07 (S = 2.2)
r2 A2 (0)/A1 (0) in K (892)0 + = 0.807 0.025
r3 A3 (0)/A1 (0) in K (892)0 + = 0.0 0.4
L /T in K (892)0 + = 1.13 0.08
+ / in K (892)0 + = 0.22 0.06 (S = 1.6)
Most decay modes (other than the semileptonic modes) that involve a neu-
tral K meson are now given as K 0 modes, not as K 0 modes. Nearly always
S
it is a K 0 that is measured, and interference between Cabibbo-allowed
S
and doubly Cabibbo-suppressed modes can invalidate the assumption that
2 (K 0 ) = (K 0 ).
S
Scale factor/ p
D + DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Inclusive modes
e + semileptonic (16.07 0.30) %
+ anything (17.6 3.2 ) %
K anything (25.7 1.4 ) %
K 0 anything + K 0 anything (61 5 ) %
K + anything ( 5.9 0.8 ) %
K (892) anything ( 6 5 )%
K (892)0 anything (23 5 )%
K (892)0 anything < 6.6 % CL=90%
anything ( 6.3 0.7 ) %
anything ( 1.04 0.18) %
anything ( 1.03 0.12) %

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Leptonic and semileptonic modes


e + e < 8.8 106 CL=90% 935
+ ( 3.74 0.17) 104 932
+ < 1.2 103 CL=90% 90
K 0 e + e ( 8.83 0.22) % 869
K 0 + ( 9.3 0.7 ) % 865
K + e + e ( 3.91 0.11) % 864
K (892)0 e + e , K (892)0 ( 3.68 0.10) % 722
K +
(K + )Swave e + e
( 2.26 0.11) 103
K (1410)0 e + e , < 6 103 CL=90%
K (1410)0 K +
K 2 (1430)0 e + e , < 5 104 CL=90%
K 2 (1430)0 K +
K + e + e nonresonant
< 7 103 CL=90% 864
K + + ( 3.9 0.4 ) % 851
K (892)0 + , ( 3.52 0.10) % 717
K (892)0 K +
K + + nonresonant ( 2.1 0.5 ) 103 851
K + 0 + < 1.6 103 CL=90% 825
0 e + e ( 4.05 0.18) 103 930
e + e ( 1.14 0.10) 103 855
0 e + e + 0.17 ) 103
( 2.18 0.25 774
0 + ( 2.4 0.4 ) 103 770
e + e ( 1.82 0.19) 103 771
(958)e + e ( 2.2 0.5 ) 104 689
e + e < 9 105 CL=90% 657

Fractions of some of the following modes with resonances have already


appeared above as submodes of particular charged-particle modes.
K (892)0 e + e
( 5.52 0.15) % 722
0
K (892) + ( 5.30 0.15) % 717
0 +
K 0 (1430) < 2.5 104 CL=90% 380
K (1680)0 + < 1.6 103 CL=90% 105

Hadronic modes with a K or K K K


K 0S + ( 1.53 0.06) % S=2.8 863
0
KL + ( 1.46 0.05) % 863

K 2 + [ss] ( 9.46 0.24) % S=2.0 846
+
(K )Swave + ( 7.58 0.22) % 846
0
K 0 (1430) ,+ [tt] ( 1.26 0.07) % 382
0
K 0 (1430) K +

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K (892)0 + , ( 1.05 0.12) % 714


K (892)0 K +
K (1410)0 + , K 0 not seen 381
K +
K 2 (1430)0 + ,
[tt] ( 2.3 0.8 ) 104 371
K 2 (1430)0 K +
K (1680)0 + , [tt] ( 2.2 1.1 ) 104 58
K (1680)0 K +
K (2 + )I=2 ( 1.47 0.27) %
K 0S + 0 [ss] ( 7.24 0.17) % 845

K 0S + + 0.60 ) %
( 6.04 0.34 677

K 0S (1450)+ , + + 0 ( 1.5 + 1.2


1.4 ) 10
3
K (892)0 + , ( 2.59 0.31) 103 714
K (892)0 K 0S 0
K 0 (1430)0 + , K 0
0 ( 2.7 0.9 ) 103
0
KS 0

K 0 (1680)0 + , K 0
0 ( 9 + 7
10 ) 104
0
KS 0

0 + , 0 K 0S 0 ( 6 + 5
4 ) 103
K 0S + 0 nonresonant ( 3 4 ) 103 845

K 0S + 0 nonresonant and + 0.21 ) %


( 1.35 0.40
0 +
(K 0S 0 )Swave + + 0.27 ) %
( 1.25 0.33 845
K 2 + 0 [uu] ( 6.14 0.16) % 816
K 0S 2 + [uu] ( 3.05 0.09) % 814
K 3 + [ss] ( 5.8 0.5 ) 103 S=1.1 772
K (892)0 2 + , ( 1.2 0.4 ) 103 645
K (892)0 K +
K (892)0 0 + , ( 2.3 0.4 ) 103 239
K (892)0 K +
K (892)0 a1 (1260)+ [vv ] ( 9.4 1.9 ) 103
K 0 2 +
( 1.74 0.28) 103 524
K 3 + nonresonant ( 4.1 3.0 ) 104 772
K 2K 0S
+ ( 4.6 2.1 ) 103 545
K + K K 0S + ( 2.3 0.5 ) 104 436

Pionic modes
+ 0 ( 1.24 0.06) 103 925
2 + ( 3.29 0.20) 103 909
0 + ( 8.4 1.5 ) 104 767
+ ( + )Swave ( 1.85 0.17) 103 909

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+ , + ( 1.39 0.12) 103


f0 (980) + , ( 1.58 0.34) 104 669
f0 (980) +
f0 (1370) + , ( 8 4 ) 105
f0 (1370) +
f2 (1270) + , ( 5.1 0.9 ) 104 485
f2 (1270) +
(1450)0 + , < 8 105 CL=95% 338
(1450)0 +
f0 (1500) + , ( 1.1 0.4 ) 104
f0 (1500) +
f0 (1710) + , < 5 105 CL=95%
f0 (1710) +
f0 (1790) + , < 7 105 CL=95%
f0 (1790) +
( + + )Swave < 1.2 104 CL=95% 909
2 + nonresonant < 1.2 104 CL=95% 909
2 0
+ ( 4.7 0.4 ) 103 910
2 + 0 ( 1.17 0.08) % 883
+ , + 0 ( 8.0 0.5 ) 104 848
+ , + 0 < 3 104 CL=90% 763
3 + 2 ( 1.67 0.16) 103 845

Fractions of some of the following modes with resonances have already


appeared above as submodes of particular charged-particle modes.
+ ( 3.66 0.22) 103 848
+ 0 ( 1.38 0.35) 103 830
+ < 3.4 104 CL=90% 764

(958) + ( 4.84 0.31) 103 681
(958) + 0 ( 1.6 0.5 ) 103 654

Hadronic modes with a K K pair


K + K 0S ( 2.95 0.15) 103 S=2.8 793
K + K + [ss] ( 9.96 0.26) 103 S=1.3 744
+ , K + K + 0.09 ) 103
( 2.77 0.10 647

K + K (892)0 , + 0.09 ) 103


( 2.56 0.15 613
K (892)0 K +
K + K 0 (1430)0 , ( 1.9 0.4 ) 103
K 0 (1430)0 K +
K + K 2 (1430)0 , K 2 ( 1.7 + 1.3
0.8 ) 10
4
K +
K + K 0 (800), K 0 K + ( 7.0 + 4.0
2.2 ) 10
4

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a0 (1450)0 + , a00 ( 4.6 + 7.0


1.9 ) 10
4
K+K
(1680) + , K + K ( 5.1 + 4.0
1.9 ) 10
5
K + K + nonresonant not seen 744
K + K 0S + ( 1.71 0.18) 103 678
K 0S K 2 + ( 2.34 0.17) 103 678
K + K 2 + ( 2.3 1.2 ) 104 600

A few poorly measured branching fractions:


+ 0 ( 2.3 1.0 ) % 619
+ < 1.5 % CL=90% 260
K + K + 0 non- ( 1.5 + 0.7
0.6 ) % 682
K (892)+ K 0S ( 1.7 0.8 ) % 612

Doubly Cabibbo-suppressed modes


K + 0 ( 1.89 0.25) 104 S=1.2 864
K+ ( 1.12 0.18) 104 776
K + (958) ( 1.83 0.23) 104 571
K + + ( 5.46 0.25) 104 846
K + 0 ( 2.1 0.5 ) 104 679
K (892)0 + , K (892)0 ( 2.6 0.4 ) 104 714
K +
+
K f0 (980), f0 (980) ( 4.9 2.9 ) 105
+
K 2 (1430)0 + , K 2 (1430)0
( 4.4 3.0 ) 105
K +
K + nonresonant
+ not seen 846
2K + K ( 9.0 2.1 ) 105 550

C = 1 weak neutral current (C1 ) modes, or


Lepton Family number (LF ) or Lepton number (L) violating modes
e e
+ + C1 < 1.1 106 CL=90% 930
+ , e+ e [xx] ( 1.7 + 1.4
0.9 ) 10
6
+ + C1 < 7.3 108 CL=90% 918
+ , + [xx] ( 1.8 0.8 ) 106
+ + C1 < 5.6 104 CL=90% 757
K + e+ e [yy ] < 1.0 106 CL=90% 870
K + + [yy ] < 4.3 106 CL=90% 856
+ e + LF < 2.9 106 CL=90% 927
+ e + LF < 3.6 106 CL=90% 927
K + e + LF < 1.2 106 CL=90% 866
K + e + LF < 2.8 106 CL=90% 866

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2e + L < 1.1 106 CL=90% 930


2+ L < 2.2 108 CL=90% 918
e + + L < 2.0 106 CL=90% 927
2+ L < 5.6 104 CL=90% 757
K 2e + L < 9 107 CL=90% 870
K 2+ L < 1.0 105 CL=90% 856
K e + + L < 1.9 106 CL=90% 866
K (892) 2+ L < 8.5 104 CL=90% 703

D0 I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

Mass m = 1864.84 0.05 MeV


m D m D 0 = 4.77 0.08 MeV
Mean life = (410.1 1.5) 1015 s
c = 122.9 m
m 0 m 0 = (0.95 + 0.41 ) 1010 h
s 1
D D 0.44
1 2
(D 0 D 0 )/ = 2y = (1.29 + 0.14
0.18 ) 10
2
1 2
q/p = 0.92 + 0.12

0.09
A = ( 0.125 0.526) 103
K + relative strong phase: cos = 0.97 0.11
K + 0 coherence factor RK 0 = 0.82 0.07
0
K + 0 average relative strong phase K = (164 + 20
14 )
K 2 + coherence factor RK 3 = 0.32 + 0.20
0.28
K 2 + average relative strong phase K 3 = (225 + 21
80 )
K 0S K + coherence factor RK 0 K = 0.73 0.08
S
0
K 0S K + average relative strong phase K S K = (8 15)
K K coherence factor RK K = 1.00 0.16

K K average relative strong phase K K = (26
16)
CP-EVEN FRACTION in D 0 + 0 DECAYS = (96.8
1.8)%
CP-EVEN FRACTION in D 0 K + K 0 DECAYS = (73
6)%
CP-violation decay-rate asymmetries (labeled by the D 0 decay)
ACP (K + K ) = ( 0.14 0.12)%
ACP (2K 0S ) = ( 23 19)%
ACP ( + ) = (0.01 0.15)%
ACP (2 0 ) = (0.0 0.6)%
ACP ( + 0 ) = (0.3 0.4)%

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ACP ((770)+ + 0 ) = (1.2 0.9)% [zz]


ACP ((770)0 0 + 0 ) = ( 3.1 3.0)% [zz]
ACP ((770) + + 0 ) = ( 1.0 1.7)% [zz]
ACP ((1450)+ + 0 ) = (0 70)% [zz]
ACP ((1450)0 0 + 0 ) = ( 20 40)% [zz]
ACP ((1450) + + 0 ) = (6 9)% [zz]
ACP ((1700)+ + 0 ) = ( 5 14)% [zz]
ACP ((1700)0 0 + 0 ) = (13 9)% [zz]
ACP ((1700) + + 0 ) = (8 11)% [zz]
ACP (f0 (980) 0 + 0 ) = (0 35)% [zz]
ACP (f0 (1370) 0 + 0 ) = (25 18)% [zz]
ACP (f0 (1500) 0 + 0 ) = (0 18)% [zz]
ACP (f0 (1710) 0 + 0 ) = (0 24)% [zz]
ACP (f2 (1270) 0 + 0 ) = ( 4 6)% [zz]
ACP ((400) 0 + 0 ) = (6 8)% [zz]
ACP (nonresonant + 0 ) = ( 13 23)% [zz]
ACP (2 + 2 )
ACP (K + K 0 ) = ( 1.0 1.7)%
ACP (K (892)+ K K + K 0 ) = ( 0.9 1.3)% [zz]
ACP (K (1410)+ K K + K 0 ) = ( 21 24)% [zz]
ACP ((K + 0 )Swave K K + K 0 ) = (7 15)% [zz]
ACP ((1020) 0 K + K 0 ) = (1.1 2.2)% [zz]
ACP (f0 (980) 0 K + K 0 ) = ( 3 19)% [zz]
ACP (a0 (980)0 0 K + K 0 ) = ( 5 16)% [zz]
ACP (f 2 (1525) 0 K + K 0 ) = (0 160)% [zz]
ACP (K (892) K + K + K 0 ) = ( 5 4)% [zz]
ACP (K (1410) K + K + K 0 ) = ( 17 29)% [zz]
ACP (( K 0 )Swave K + K + K 0 ) = ( 10 40)% [zz]
ACP (K 0S 0 ) = ( 0.20 0.17)%
ACP (K 0S ) = (0.5 0.5)%
ACP (K 0S ) = (1.0 0.7)%
ACP (K 0S ) = ( 3 9)%
ACP (K + ) = (0.3 0.7)%
ACP (K + ) = (0.0 1.6)%
ACP (DCP ( 1) K ) = (12.7 1.5)%
ACP (K + 0 ) = (0.1 0.5)%
ACP (K + 0 ) = (0 5)%
ACP (K 0S + ) = ( 0.1 0.8)%
ACP (K (892) + K 0S + ) = (0.4 0.5)%
ACP (K (892)+ K 0S + ) = (1 6)%
ACP (K 0 0 K 0S + ) = ( 0.1 0.5)%
ACP (K 0 K 0S + ) = ( 13 7)%

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ACP (K 0 f0 (980) K 0S + ) = ( 0.4 2.7)%


ACP (K 0 f2 (1270) K 0S + ) = ( 4 5)%
ACP (K 0 f0 (1370) K 0S + ) = ( 1 9)%
ACP (K 0 0 (1450) K 0S + ) = ( 4 10)%
ACP (K 0 f0 (600) K 0S + ) = ( 3 5)%
ACP (K (1410) + K 0S + ) = ( 2 9)%
ACP (K 0 (1430) + K 0S + ) = (4 4)%
ACP (K 0 (1430)+ K 0S + ) = (12 15)%
ACP (K 2 (1430) + K 0S + ) = (3 6)%
ACP (K 2 (1430)+ K 0S + ) = ( 10 32)%
ACP (K (1680) + K 0S + )
ACP (K + + ) = (0.2 0.5)%
ACP (K + + ) = ( 2 4)%
ACP (K + K + ) = ( 8 7)%
ACP (K 1 (1270)+ K K 0 + K ) = ( 1 10)%
ACP (K 1 (1270) K + K 0 K + ) = ( 10 32)%
ACP (K 1 (1270)+ K 0 K + K ) = ( 7 17)%
ACP (K 1 (1270) K + 0 K K + ) = (10 13)%
ACP (K (1410)+ K K 0 + K ) = ( 20 17)%
ACP (K (1410) K + K 0 K + ) = ( 1 14)%
ACP (K 0 K 0 S-wave) = (10 14)%
ACP ( 0 S-wave) = ( 3 5)%
ACP ( 0 D-wave) = ( 37 19)%
ACP ( ( + )Swave ) = ( 9 10)%
ACP ((K + )Pwave (K + )Swave ) = (3 11)%
CP-violation asymmetry difference
ACP = ACP (K + K ) ACP ( + ) = ( 0.32
0.22)% (S = 1.9)
2 TESTS OF CP-VIOLATION (CPV )
Local CPV in D 0, D0 + 0 = 4.9%
Local CPV in D 0, D0 + + = 41%
Local CPV in D 0, D0 K 0S + = 96%
Local CPV in D 0, D0 K + K 0 = 16.6%
Local CPV in D 0, D0 K + K + = 9.1%
T-violation decay-rate asymmetry
AT (K + K + ) = (1.7 2.7) 103 [rr ]

CPT-violation decay-rate asymmetry


ACPT (K ) = 0.008 0.008

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Form factors
rV V(0)/A1 (0) in D 0 K (892) + = 1.7 0.8
r2 A2 (0)/A1 (0) in D 0 K (892) + = 0.9 0.4
f+ (0)in D 0 K + = 0.727 0.011
f+ (0)Vcs in D 0 K + = 0.726 0.009
r1 a1 /a0 in D 0 K + = 2.65 0.35
r2 a1 /a0 in D 0 K + = 13 9
f+ (0)Vcd in D 0 + = 0.152 0.005
r1 a1 /a0 in D 0 + = 2.8 0.5
r2 a1 /a0 in D 0 + = 6 3.0
Most decay modes (other than the semileptonic modes) that involve a neu-
tral K meson are now given as K 0 modes, not as K 0 modes. Nearly always
S
it is a K 0 that is measured, and interference between Cabibbo-allowed
S
and doubly Cabibbo-suppressed modes can invalidate the assumption that
2 (K 0 ) = (K 0 ).
S
Scale factor/ p
D 0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)

Topological modes
0-prongs [aaa] (15 6 )%
2-prongs (70 6 )%
4-prongs [bbb] (14.5 0.5 )%
6-prongs [ccc] ( 6.4 1.3 ) 104
Inclusive modes
e + anything [ddd] ( 6.49 0.11 ) %
+ anything ( 6.7 0.6 ) %
K anything (54.7 2.8 )% S=1.3
K 0 anything + K 0 anything (47 4 )%
K + anything ( 3.4 0.4 )%
K (892) anything (15 9 )%
K (892)0 anything ( 9 4 )%
K (892)+ anything < 3.6 % CL=90%
K (892)0 anything ( 2.8 1.3 )%
anything ( 9.5 0.9 ) %
anything ( 2.48 0.27 ) %
anything ( 1.05 0.11 ) %

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Semileptonic modes
K e + e ( 3.57 0.06 ) % S=1.5 867
K + ( 3.33 0.13 ) % 864
K (892) e + e ( 2.16 0.16 ) % 719
K (892) + ( 1.92 0.25 ) % 714

K 0 e + e ( 1.6 + 1.3
0.5 )% 861

K 0 e + e ( 2.7 + 0.9
0.7 )% 860

K + e + e ( 2.8 + 1.4
1.1 ) 104 843

K1 (1270) e + e ( 7.6 + 4.0


3.1 ) 104 498
K + + < 1.2 103 CL=90% 821
( K (892) ) + < 1.4 103 CL=90% 692
e + e ( 2.89 0.08 ) 103 927
+ ( 2.38 0.24 ) 103 924
e + e ( 1.77 0.16 ) 103 771

Hadronic modes with one K


K + ( 3.93 0.04 ) % S=1.1 861
K + ( 1.399 0.027) 104 861
K 0S 0 ( 1.20 0.04 ) % 860
K 0L 0 (10.0 0.7 ) 103 860
K 0S + [ss] ( 2.85 0.20 ) % S=1.1 842

K 0S 0 ( 6.4 + 0.7
0.8 ) 103 674
K 0S , + ( 2.1 0.6 ) 104 670
K 0S ( + )Swave ( 3.4 0.8 ) 103 842

K 0S f0 (980), ( 1.23 + 0.40


0.24 ) 10
3 549
f0 (980) +
K 0S f0 (1370), ( 2.8 + 0.9
1.3 ) 103
f0 (1370) +
K 0S f2 (1270), ( 9 + 10
6 ) 105 262
f2 (1270) +
K (892) + , ( 1.68 + 0.15
0.18 ) % 711
K (892) K 0S
K 0 (1430) + , ( 2.73 + 0.40
0.34 ) 10
3 378
K 0 (1430) K 0S
K 2 (1430) + , ( 3.4 + 1.9
1.0 ) 104 367
K 2 (1430) K 0S
K (1680) + , ( 4 4 ) 104 46
K (1680) K 0S

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K (892)+ , [eee] ( 1.15 + 0.60


0.34 ) 10
4 711
K (892)+ K 0S +
K 0 (1430)+ , [eee] < 1.4 105 CL=95%
K 0 (1430)+ K 0S +
K 2 (1430)+ ,
[eee] < 3.4 105 CL=95%
K 2 (1430)+ K 0S +
K 0S + nonresonant ( 2.6 + 6.0
1.6 ) 104 842
K + 0 [ss] (14.3 0.8 )% S=3.1 844
K + (11.1 0.9 )% 675
K (1700)+ , ( 8.1 1.8 ) 103
(1700)+ + 0
K (892) + , ( 2.28 + 0.40
0.23 ) % 711
K (892) K 0
K (892)0 0 , ( 1.93 0.26 ) % 711
K (892)0 K +
K 0 (1430) + , ( 4.7 2.2 ) 103 378
K 0 (1430) K 0
K 0 (1430)0 0 , ( 5.8 + 5.0
1.6 ) 103 379
K 0 (1430)0 K +
K (1680) + , ( 1.9 0.7 ) 103 46
K (1680) K 0
K + 0 nonresonant ( 1.14 + 0.50
0.21 ) % 844
K 0S 2 0 ( 9.1 1.1 ) 103 S=2.2 843
K 0S (2 0 )-S-wave ( 2.6 0.7 ) 103
K (892)0 0 , ( 7.9 0.7 ) 103 711
K (892)0 K 0S 0
K (1430)0 0 , K 0 ( 4 23 ) 105
K 0S 0
K (1680)0 0 , K 0 ( 1.0 0.4 ) 103
K 0S 0
K 0S f2 (1270), f2 2 0 ( 2.3 1.1 ) 104
2K 0S , one K 0S 2 0 ( 3.2 1.1 ) 104
K 2 +
[ss] ( 8.07 0.23 ) % S=1.5 813
K + 0 total ( 6.74 0.34 ) % 609
K + 0 3-body ( 5.1 2.3 ) 103 609
K (892)0 0 , ( 1.05 0.23 ) % 416
K (892)0 K +
K a1 (1260)+ , ( 3.6 0.6 )% 327
a1 (1260)+ 2 +
K (892)0 + total, ( 1.6 0.4 )% 685
K (892)0 K +
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K (892)0 + 3-body, ( 9.9 2.3 ) 103 685


K (892)0 K +
K1 (1270) + , [fff ] ( 2.9 0.3 ) 103 484

K1 (1270) K +
K 2 + nonresonant ( 1.88 0.26 ) % 813
K 0S + 0 [ggg ] ( 5.2 0.6 ) % 813
0
KS , + 0 ( 1.02 0.09 ) 103 772
K 0S , + 0 ( 9.9 0.5 ) 103 670
K 2 + 0 ( 4.2 0.4 )% 771
K (892)0 + 0 , ( 1.3 0.6 )% 643
K (892)0 K +
K + , + 0 ( 2.7 0.5 )% 605
K (892)0 , ( 6.5 3.0 ) 103 410
K (892)0 K + ,
+ 0
0
KS 0 ( 5.5 1.1 ) 103 721
K 0S a0 (980), a0 (980) 0 ( 6.6 2.0 ) 103
K (892)0 , K (892)0 ( 1.6 0.5 ) 103
K 0S 0
K 0S 2 + 2 ( 2.71 0.31 ) 103 768
K 0S 0 + , no K (892) ( 1.1 0.7 ) 103
K (892) 2 + , ( 5 8 ) 104 642
K (892) K 0S ,
no 0
K (892) 0 + , ( 1.6 0.6 ) 103 230
K (892) K 0S
K 0S 2 + 2 nonresonant < 1.2 103 CL=90% 768
K 3 + 2 ( 2.2 0.6 ) 104 713

Fractions of many of the following modes with resonances have already


appeared above as submodes of particular charged-particle modes. (Modes
for which there are only upper limits and K (892) submodes only appear
below.)
K 0S ( 4.85 0.30 ) 103 772
K 0S ( 1.11 0.06 ) % 670
K 0S (958) ( 9.5 0.5 ) 103 565
K a1 (1260)+ ( 7.8 1.1 )% 327
K a2 (1320)+ < 2 103 CL=90% 198
K (892)0 + total ( 2.4 0.5 )% 685
K (892)0 + 3-body ( 1.48 0.34 ) % 685
K (892)0 0 ( 1.57 0.35 ) % 417
K (892)0 0 transverse ( 1.7 0.6 )% 417
K (892)0 0 S-wave ( 3.0 0.6 )% 417

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K (892)0 0 S-wave long. < 3 103 CL=90% 417


K (892)0 0 P-wave < 3 103 CL=90% 417
K (892)0 0 D-wave ( 2.1 0.6 )% 417
K1 (1270) + [fff ] ( 1.6 0.8 )% 484
K1 (1400) + < 1.2 % CL=90% 386
K (892)0 + 0 ( 1.9 0.9 )% 643
K + ( 3.1 0.6 )% 605
K (892)0 ( 1.1 0.5 )% 410
K + (958) ( 7.5 1.9 ) 103 479
K (892)0 (958) < 1.1 103 CL=90% 119

Hadronic modes with three K s


K 0S K + K ( 4.51 0.34 ) 103 544
K 0S a0 (980)0 , a00 K + K ( 3.0 0.4 ) 103
K a0 (980)+ , a+ + 0
0 K KS ( 6.0 1.8 ) 104
K + a0 (980) , a 0
0 K KS < 1.1 104 CL=95%
K 0S f0 (980), f0 K + K < 9 105 CL=95%
K 0S , K + K ( 2.07 0.16 ) 103 520
K 0S f0 (1370), f0 K + K ( 1.7 1.1 ) 104
3K 0S ( 9.2 1.3 ) 104 539
K + 2K + ( 2.21 0.32 ) 104 434
K + K K (892)0 , ( 4.4 1.7 ) 105
K (892)0 K +
K + , K + K ( 4.0 1.7 ) 105 422
K (892)0 , ( 1.06 0.20 ) 104
K + K ,
K (892)0 K +
K + 2K + nonresonant ( 3.3 1.5 ) 105 434
2K 0S K ( 6.1 1.3 ) 104 427

Pionic modes
+ ( 1.421 0.025) 103 S=1.1 922
2 0 ( 8.26 0.35 ) 104 923
+ 0 ( 1.47 0.09 ) % S=3.0 907
+ ( 1.00 0.06 ) % 764
0 0 ( 3.82 0.29 ) 103 764
+ ( 5.09 0.34 ) 103 764
(1450)+ , (1450)+ ( 1.6 2.0 ) 105
+ 0
(1450)0 0 , (1450)0 ( 4.4 1.9 ) 105
+
(1450) + , (1450) ( 2.6 0.4 ) 104
0
(1700)+ , (1700)+ ( 6.0 1.5 ) 104
+ 0

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(1700)0 0 , (1700)0 ( 7.4 1.8 ) 104


+
(1700) + , (1700) ( 4.7 1.1 ) 104
0
f0 (980) 0 , f0 (980) ( 3.7 0.9 ) 105
+
f0 (500) 0 , f0 (500) ( 1.21 0.22 ) 104
+
f0 (1370) 0 , f0 (1370) ( 5.4 2.1 ) 105
+
f0 (1500) 0 , f0 (1500) ( 5.7 1.6 ) 105
+
f0 (1710) 0 , f0 (1710) ( 4.6 1.6 ) 105
+
f2 (1270) 0 , f2 (1270) ( 1.94 0.22 ) 104
+
0 nonresonant
+ ( 1.2 ) 104
0.4 907
3 0 < 3.5 104 CL=90% 908
2 + 2 ( 7.45 0.22 ) 103 S=1.2 880
a1 (1260)+ , a+ 1 ( 4.47 0.32 ) 103
+
2 total
a1 (1260)+ , a+1 ( 3.23 0.25 ) 103
0 +
S-wave
a1 (1260)+ , a+1 ( 1.9 0.5 ) 104
0 +
D-wave
a1 (1260)+ , a+1 ( 6.2 0.7 ) 104
+
20 total ( 1.83 0.13 ) 103 518
20 , parallel helicities ( 8.2 3.2 ) 105
20 , perpendicular helici- ( 4.8 0.6 ) 104
ties
20 , longitudinal helicities ( 1.25 0.10 ) 103
Resonant ( + ) + ( 1.49 0.12 ) 103
3-body total
+ ( 6.1 0.9 ) 104
f0 (980) + , f0 ( 1.8 0.5 ) 104
+
f2 (1270) + , f2 ( 3.7 0.6 ) 104
+
2 0
+ ( 1.01 0.09 ) % 882
0 [hhh] ( 6.9 0.7 ) 104 846
0 [hhh] < 2.6 104 CL=90% 761
2 + 2 0 ( 4.2 0.5 ) 103 844
+ [hhh] ( 1.09 0.16 ) 103 827
+ [hhh] ( 1.6 0.5 ) 103 738
3 + 3 ( 4.2 1.2 ) 104 795

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(958) 0 ( 9.1 1.4 ) 104 678


(958) + ( 4.5 1.7 ) 104 650
2 ( 1.70 0.20 ) 103 754
(958) ( 1.07 0.26 ) 103 537

Hadronic modes with a K K pair


K+K ( 4.01 0.07 ) 103 S=1.4 791
2K S 0 ( 1.8 0.4 ) 104 S=2.5 789
K 0S K + ( 3.6 0.5 ) 103 S=1.2 739
K (892)0 K 0S , K 0 < 5 104 CL=90% 608
K +
K S K
0 + ( 2.2 0.4 ) 103 S=1.3 739
K (892)0 K 0S , K 0 < 1.8 104 CL=90% 608
K +
K K 0
+ ( 3.38 0.21 ) 103 743
+
K (892) K , K (892) + ( 1.50 0.10 ) 103
K + 0
K (892) K + , K (892)
( 5.4 0.5 ) 104

K 0
(K + 0 )Swave K ( 2.40 0.21 ) 103 743
(K 0 )Swave K + ( 1.3 0.5 ) 104 743
f0 (980) 0 , f0 K + K ( 3.5 0.6 ) 104
0
, K K + ( 6.6 0.5 ) 104
2K 0S 0 < 5.9 104 740
K + K + ( 2.42 0.12 ) 103 677
+
( )Swave , ( 2.50 0.34 ) 104 614
+
K K
( 0 )Swave , K + K ( 9.3 1.2 ) 104 250
( 0 )Dwave , K + K ( 8.2 2.3 ) 105
(K 0 K 0 )Swave , K 0 ( 1.48 0.30 ) 104
K
(K + )Pwave , ( 2.6 0.5 ) 104
+
(K )Swave ,
K1 (1270)+ K , ( 1.8 0.5 ) 104
K1 (1270)+ K 0 +
K1 (1270)+ K , ( 1.14 0.26 ) 104
+
K1 (1270) K 0 +
K1 (1270) K + , ( 2.2 1.2 ) 105

K1 (1270) K 0
K1 (1270) K + , ( 1.45 0.25 ) 104

K1 (1270) K 0
K (1410)+ K ,
( 1.02 0.26 ) 104
+
K (1410) K 0 +
K (1410) K + , ( 1.14 0.25 ) 104
K (1410) K 0

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2K 0S + ( 1.24 0.24 ) 103 673


K 0S K 2 + < 1.5 104 CL=90% 595
K + K + 0 ( 3.1 2.0 ) 103 600

Other K K X modes. They include all decay modes of the , , and .


( 1.4 0.5 ) 104 489
< 2.1 103 CL=90% 238

Radiative modes
0 < 2.4 104 CL=90% 771
< 2.4 104 CL=90% 768
( 2.73 0.35 ) 105 654
K (892)0 ( 3.31 0.34 ) 104 719

Doubly Cabibbo suppressed (DC ) modes or


C = 2 forbidden via mixing (C2M) modes
K + via D 0 < 2.2 105 CL=90%
K + or K (892)+ e e via < 6 105 CL=90%
D0
K
+ DC ( 1.49 0.07 ) 104 S=2.8 861
K + via DCS ( 1.33 0.09 ) 104
K + via D 0 < 1.6 105 CL=95% 861
K 0S + in D 0 D 0 < 1.8 104 CL=95%
K (892)+ , DC ( 1.15 + 0.60
0.34 ) 10
4 711
K (892)+ K 0S +
K 0 (1430)+ , DC < 1.4 105
K 0 (1430)+ K 0S +
K 2 (1430)+ , DC < 3.4 105
K 2 (1430)+ K 0S +
K + 0 DC ( 3.13 0.23 ) 104 844
K + 0 via D 0 ( 7.5 0.6 ) 104
K + + 2 DC ( 2.62 0.11 ) 104 813
K + + 2 via D 0 < 4 104 CL=90% 812
anything via D 0 < 4 104 CL=90%
C = 1 weak neutral current (C1 ) modes,
Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes,
Lepton (L) or Baryon (B) number violating modes
C1 < 2.2 106 CL=90% 932
e+ e C1 < 7.9 108 CL=90% 932
+ C1 < 6.2 109 CL=90% 926
0 e + e C1 < 4.5 105 CL=90% 928
0 + C1 < 1.8 104 CL=90% 915
e+ e C1 < 1.1 104 CL=90% 852
+ C1 < 5.3 104 CL=90% 838

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+ e + e C1 < 3.73 104 CL=90% 922


0 e + e C1 < 1.0 104 CL=90% 771
+ + C1 < 5.5 107 CL=90% 894
0 + C1 < 2.2 105 CL=90% 754
e+ e C1 < 1.8 104 CL=90% 768
+ C1 < 8.3 104 CL=90% 751
K K + e+ e C1 < 3.15 104 CL=90% 791
e+ e C1 < 5.2 105 CL=90% 654
K K + + C1 < 3.3 105 CL=90% 710
+ C1 < 3.1 105 CL=90% 631
K 0 e+ e [yy ] < 1.1 104 CL=90% 866
K 0 + [yy ] < 2.6 104 CL=90% 852
K + e + e C1 < 3.85 104 CL=90% 861
K (892)0 e + e [yy ] < 4.7 105 CL=90% 719
K + + C1 < 3.59 104 CL=90% 829
K (892)0 + [yy ] < 2.4 105 CL=90% 700
+ 0 + C1 < 8.1 104 CL=90% 863
e LF [gg ] < 2.6 107 CL=90% 929
0 e LF [gg ] < 8.6 105 CL=90% 924
e LF [gg ] < 1.0 104 CL=90% 848
+ e LF [gg ] < 1.5 105 CL=90% 911
0 e LF [gg ] < 4.9 105 CL=90% 767
e LF [gg ] < 1.2 104 CL=90% 764
K K + e LF [gg ] < 1.8 104 CL=90% 754
e LF [gg ] < 3.4 105 CL=90% 648
K 0 e LF [gg ] < 1.0 104 CL=90% 863
K + e LF [gg ] < 5.53 104 CL=90% 848
K (892)0 e LF [gg ] < 8.3 105 CL=90% 714
2 2e + + c.c. L < 1.12 104 CL=90% 922
2 2+ + c.c. L < 2.9 105 CL=90% 894
K 2e + + c.c. L < 2.06 104 CL=90% 861
K 2+ + c.c. L < 3.9 104 CL=90% 829
2K 2e + + c.c. L < 1.52 104 CL=90% 791
2K 2+ + c.c. L < 9.4 105 CL=90% 710
e + + + c.c. L < 7.9 105 CL=90% 911
K e + + + c.c. L < 2.18 104 CL=90% 848
2K e + + + c.c. L < 5.7 105 CL=90% 754
p e L,B [iii] < 1.0 105 CL=90% 696
p e+ L,B [jjj] < 1.1 105 CL=90% 696

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D (2007)0 I (J P ) = 12 (1 )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 2006.97 0.08 MeV
m D 0 m D 0 = 142.12 0.07 MeV
Full width < 2.1 MeV, CL = 90%
D (2007)0 modes are charge conjugates of modes below.

D (2007)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

D 0 0 (61.9 2.9) % 43
D0 (38.1 2.9) % 137

D (2010) I (J P ) = 12 (1 )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 2010.27 0.05 MeV
m D (2010)+ m D + = 140.66 0.08 MeV
m D (2010)+ m D 0 = 145.4257 0.0017 MeV
Full width = 83.4 1.8 keV
D (2010) modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.

D (2010) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

D 0 + (67.7 0.5) % 39
D + 0 (30.7 0.5) % 38
D+ ( 1.6 0.4) % 136

D 0 (2400)0 I (J P ) = 12 (0+ )

Mass m = 2318 29 MeV (S = 1.7)


Full width = 267 40 MeV

D (2400)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


0
D + seen 385

D1 (2420)0 I (J P ) = 12 (1+ )
I needs confirmation.
Mass m = 2421.4 0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)
m D 0 m D + = 411.1 0.6 (S = 1.2)
1
Full width = 27.4 2.5 MeV (S = 2.3)

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D 1 (2420)0 modes are charge conjugates of modes below.

D1 (2420)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

D (2010)+ seen 354


D 0 + seen 425
D + not seen 473
D 0 + not seen 280

D 2 (2460)0 I (J P ) = 12 (2+ )

J P = 2+ assignment strongly favored.


Mass m = 2462.6 0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)
m D 0 m D + = 593.0 0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)
2
m D 0 m D + = 452.3 0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)
2
Full width = 49.0 1.3 MeV (S = 1.5)
D (2460)0 modes are charge conjugates of modes below.
2

D (2460)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


2

D + seen 507
D (2010)+ seen 391
D 0 + not seen 463
D 0 + not seen 326

D 2 (2460) I (J P ) = 12 (2+ )

J P = 2+ assignment strongly favored.


Mass m = 2464.3 1.6 MeV (S = 1.7)
m D (2460) m D (2460)0 = 2.4 1.7 MeV
2 2
Full width = 37 6 MeV (S = 1.4)
D (2460) modes are charge conjugates of modes below.
2

D (2460) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


2
D 0 + seen 512
D 0 + seen 395
D + + not seen 461
D + + not seen 324

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CHARMED, STRANGE MESONS


(C = S = 1)
D+
s = cs, D s = c s, similarly for D s s

D
s I (J P ) = 0(0 )

Mass m = 1968.30 0.10 MeV


m D m D = 98.69 0.05 MeV
s
Mean life = (500 7) 1015 s (S = 1.3)
c = 149.9 m
CP-violating decay-rate asymmetries
ACP ( ) = (5 6)%
ACP (K K 0S ) = (0.08 0.26)%
ACP (K + K ) = ( 0.5 0.9)%
ACP ( ) = ( 0.38 0.27)%
ACP (K K 0S 0 ) = ( 2 6)%
ACP (2K 0S ) = (3 5)%
ACP (K + K 0 ) = (0.0 3.0)%
ACP (K K 0S + ) = ( 6 5)%
ACP (K 0S K 2 ) = (4.1 2.8)%
ACP ( + ) = ( 0.7 3.1)%
ACP ( ) = (1.1 3.1)%
ACP ( ) = ( 2.2 2.3)%
ACP ( 0 ) = ( 1 4)%
ACP ( 0 ) = (0 8)%
ACP (K 0 ) = ( 27 24)%
ACP (K 0 / K 0 ) = (0.4 0.5)%
ACP (K 0S ) = (3.1 2.6)% (S = 1.7)
ACP (K + ) = (4 5)%
ACP (K ) = (9 15)%
ACP (K (958)) = (6 19)%
T-violating decay-rate asymmetry
AT (K 0S K + ) = ( 14 8) 103 [rr ]

D+ +
s form factors
r2 = 0.84 0.11 (S = 2.4)
rv = 1.80 0.08
L /T = 0.72 0.18

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Unless otherwise noted, the branching fractions for modes with a resonance
in the final state include all the decay modes of the resonance. D modes
s
are charge conjugates of the modes below.
Scale factor/ p
D + DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
s

Inclusive modes
e + semileptonic [kkk] ( 6.5 0.4 ) %
+ anything (119.3 1.4 ) %

anything ( 43.2 0.9 ) %
0 anything (123 7 ) %
K anything ( 18.7 0.5 ) %
+
K anything ( 28.9 0.7 ) %
K 0S anything ( 19.0 1.1 ) %
anything [lll] ( 29.9 2.8 ) %
anything ( 6.1 1.4 ) %
anything [nnn] ( 11.7 1.8 ) %
f0 (980) anything, f0 + < 1.3 % CL=90%
anything ( 15.7 1.0 ) %
K + K anything ( 15.8 0.7 ) %
0 +
K S K anything ( 5.8 0.5 ) %
0
K S K anything ( 1.9 0.4 ) %
2K 0S anything ( 1.70 0.32) %
2K + anything < 2.6 103 CL=90%

2K anything < 6 104 CL=90%
Leptonic and semileptonic modes
e + e < 8.3 105 CL=90% 984
+
( 5.56 0.25) 103 981
+ ( 5.55 0.24) % 182
+
K K e e + 851
e + e [ooo] ( 2.49 0.14) % 720
e + e + (958)e + e [ooo] ( 3.66 0.37) %
e + e [ooo] ( 2.67 0.29) % S=1.1 908
(958)e + e [ooo] ( 9.9 2.3 ) 103 751
e + e [ppp] < 2.0 103 CL=90% 829
0
K e e + ( 3.7 1.0 ) 103 921
K (892)0 e + e [ooo] ( 1.8 0.7 ) 103 782
+
f0 (980)e e , f0 + ( 2.00 0.32) 103

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Hadronic modes with a K K pair


K + K 0S ( 1.50 0.05) % 850
K+K0 ( 2.95 0.14) % 850
K + K + [ss] ( 5.45 0.17) % S=1.2 805
+ [ooo,qqq] ( 4.5 0.4 ) % 712
+
, K K + [qqq] ( 2.27 0.08) % 712
K + K (892)0 , K 0 ( 2.61 0.09) % 416
K +
f0 (980) + , f0 K + K ( 1.15 0.32) % 732
f0 (1370) + , f0 K + K ( 7 5 ) 104
f0 (1710) + , f0 K + K ( 6.7 2.9 ) 104 198
K + K 0 (1430)0 , K 0 ( 1.9 0.4 ) 103 218
K +
K K S 0
+ 0 ( 1.52 0.22) % 805
2K 0S + ( 7.7 0.6 ) 103 802
K 0 K 0 + 802
K (892)+ K 0 [ooo] ( 5.4 1.2 ) % 683
K K + 0
+ ( 6.3 0.6 ) % 748
+ [ooo] ( + 1.9 ) %
8.4 2.3 401
K 0S K 2 + ( 1.67 0.10) % 744
K (892)+ K (892)0 [ooo] ( 7.2 2.6 ) % 417
K K 0S +
+ ( 1.03 0.10) % 744
K + K 2 + ( 8.7 1.5 ) 103 673
2 + [ooo] ( 1.21 0.16) % 640
K + K 0 + non- < 2.6 104 CL=90% 249
0 + , K + K ( 6.5 1.3 ) 103 181
a1 (1260)+ , ( 7.5 1.2 ) 103
K + K , a+ 0 +
1
+ +
K K 2 nonresonant ( 9 7 ) 104 673
2K 0S 2 + ( 9 4 ) 104 669

Hadronic modes without K s


+ 0 < 3.5 104 CL=90% 975
2 + ( 1.09 0.05) % S=1.1 959
0 + ( 2.0 1.2 ) 104 825
+ ( + )Swave [rrr ] ( 9.1 0.4 ) 103 959
f2 (1270) + , f2 + ( 1.10 0.20) 103 559
0 + 0
(1450) , + ( 3.0 2.0 ) 104 421
+ 2 0 ( 6.5 1.3 ) 103 960
+
2 0 935
+ [ooo] ( 1.70 0.09) % S=1.1 902
+ [ooo] ( 2.4 0.6 ) 103 822
+
3 2 ( 8.0 0.8 ) 103 899

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2 + 2 0 902
+ [ooo] ( 8.9 0.8 ) % 724
+ 0 ( 9.2 1.2 ) % 885
+ 0 [ooo] ( 2.8 0.7 ) % 802
3 + 2 0 ( 4.9 3.2 ) % 856
2 + [ooo] ( 1.6 0.5 ) % 766
(958) + [nnn,ooo] ( 3.94 0.25) % 743
3 + 2 2 0 803
+ [ooo] < 2.13 % CL=90% 654
(958)+ [nnn,ooo] ( 12.5 2.2 ) % 465
(958) + 0 ( 5.6 0.8 ) % 720

Modes with one or three K s


K + 0 ( 6.3 2.1 ) 104 917
0
KS + ( 1.22 0.06) 103 916
+
K [ooo] ( 1.77 0.35) 103 835
+
K [ooo] < 2.4 103 CL=90% 741
K + (958) [ooo] ( 1.8 0.6 ) 103 646
+
K + ( 6.6 0.4 ) 103 900
K + 0 ( 2.5 0.4 ) 103 745
+ 0 0
K (1450) , + ( 7.0 2.4 ) 104
0 +
K (892) , K 0 ( 1.42 0.24) 103 775
K +
K (1410)0 + , K 0 ( 1.24 0.29) 103
+
K
K (1430)0 + , K 0 ( 5.0 3.5 ) 104
+
K
K + + nonresonant ( 1.04 0.34) 103 900
0
K + 0 ( 1.00 0.18) % 899
0
K S 2 + ( 3.0 1.1 ) 103 870
+
K 0 [ooo] < 8.2 103 CL=90% 684
+
K + [ooo] < 5.4 103 CL=90% 603
K+ [ooo] < 7.9 103 CL=90% 366
2K K+ ( 2.18 0.21) 104 628
K+ , K+ K ( 8.9 2.0 ) 105
Doubly Cabibbo-suppressed modes
2K + ( 1.27 0.13) 104 805
K + K (892)0 , K 0 ( 6.0 3.4 ) 105
K +
Baryon-antibaryon mode
pn ( 1.3 0.4 ) 103 295

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C = 1 weak neutral current (C1 ) modes,


Lepton family number (LF), or
Lepton number (L) violating modes
+ e + e [yy ] < 1.3 105 CL=90% 979
+ , e+ e [xx] ( 6 +8
4 ) 106
+ + [yy ] < 4.1 107 CL=90% 968
K + e+ e C1 < 3.7 106 CL=90% 922
K + + C1 < 2.1 105 CL=90% 909
K (892)+ + C1 < 1.4 103 CL=90% 765
+ e + LF < 1.2 105 CL=90% 976
+ e + LF < 2.0 105 CL=90% 976
K + e + LF < 1.4 105 CL=90% 919
K + e + LF < 9.7 106 CL=90% 919
2e + L < 4.1 106 CL=90% 979
2+ L < 1.2 107 CL=90% 968
e + + L < 8.4 106 CL=90% 976
K 2e + L < 5.2 106 CL=90% 922
K 2+ L < 1.3 105 CL=90% 909
K e + + L < 6.1 106 CL=90% 919
K (892) 2+ L < 1.4 103 CL=90% 765

D
s I (J P ) = 0(?? )

J P is natural, width and decay modes consistent with 1 .


Mass m = 2112.1 0.4 MeV
m D m D = 143.8 0.4 MeV
s s
Full width < 1.9 MeV, CL = 90%
D modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.
s

D + DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


s
D+s (93.5 0.7) % 139
D+s
0 ( 5.8 0.7) % 48
+ +
Ds e e ( 6.7 1.6) 103 139

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D s0 (2317) I (J P ) = 0(0+ )
J, P need confirmation.
J P is natural, low mass consistent with 0+ .
Mass m = 2317.7 0.6 MeV (S = 1.1)
m D (2317) m D = 349.4 0.6 MeV (S = 1.1)
s0 s
Full width < 3.8 MeV, CL = 95%
D (2317) modes are charge conjugates of modes below.
s0

D
s0 (2317) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

D+
s
0 seen 298
D+
s
0 0 not seen 205

Ds1 (2460) I (J P ) = 0(1+ )

Mass m = 2459.5 0.6 MeV (S = 1.1)


m D (2460) m D = 347.3 0.7 MeV (S = 1.2)
s1 s
mD mD = 491.2 0.6 MeV (S = 1.1)
s1 (2460) s
Full width < 3.5 MeV, CL = 95%
Ds1 (2460) modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.

Scale factor/ p
Ds1 (2460)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

D +
s
0 (48 11 ) % 297
D+s (18 4 ) % 442
D+ +
s ( 4.3 1.3) % S=1.1 363
D +
s < 8 % CL=90% 323

D s0 (2317)+ + 5.0 ) %
( 3.7 2.4 138

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Ds1 (2536) I (J P ) = 0(1+ )


J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 2535.11 0.06 MeV
Full width = 0.92 0.05 MeV
Ds1 (2536) modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.

p
Ds1 (2536)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

D (2010)+ K 0 0.85 0.12 149


(D (2010)+ K 0 ) Swave 0.61 0.09 149
D + K + 0.028 0.005 176
D (2007)0 K + DEFINED AS 1 167
D+ K 0 <0.34 90% 381
D0 K + <0.12 90% 391
D +
s possibly seen 388
+ +
Ds seen 437

D s2 (2573) I (J P ) = 0(?? )

J P is natural, width and decay modes consistent with 2+ .


Mass m = 2571.9 0.8 MeV
Full width = 17 4 MeV (S = 1.3)
D (2573) modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.
s2

D (2573)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


s2
D0 K + seen 434
D (2007)0 K + not seen 243

D s1 (2700) I (J P ) = 0(1 )

Mass m = 2709 4 MeV


Full width = 117 13 MeV

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BOTTOM MESONS
(B = 1)
B + = ub, B 0 = db, B 0 = d b, B = u b, similarly for B s

B-particle organization

Many measurements of B decays involve admixtures of B


hadrons. Previously we arbitrarily included such admixtures
in the B section, but because of their importance we have
created two new sections: B /B 0 Admixture for (4S)
results and B /B 0 /B 0s /b-baryon Admixture for results
at higher energies. Most inclusive decay branching fractions
and b at high energy are found in the Admixture sections.
B 0 -B 0 mixing data are found in the B 0 section, while B 0s -
B 0s mixing data and B-B mixing data for a B 0 /B 0s admixture
are found in the B 0s section. CP-violation data are found in
the B , B 0 , and B B 0 Admixture sections. b-baryons are
found near the end of the Baryon section.
The organization of the B sections is now as follows, where
bullets indicate particle sections and brackets indicate re-
views.
B
mass, mean life, CP violation, branching fractions
B0
mass, mean life, B 0 -B 0 mixing, CP violation,
branching fractions
B B 0 Admixtures
CP violation, branching fractions
B /B 0 /B 0s /b-baryon Admixtures
mean life, production fractions, branching fractions
B
mass
B1 (5721)0
mass
B 2 (5747)0
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mass
B 0s
mass, mean life, B 0s -B 0s mixing, CP violation,
branching fractions
B s
mass
Bs1 (5830)0
mass
B s2 (5840)0
mass
B
c
mass, mean life, branching fractions
At the end of Baryon Listings:
b
mass, mean life, branching fractions
b (5912)0
mass, mean life
b (5920)0
mass, mean life
b
mass
b
mass
0b ,
b
mass, mean life, branching fractions
b (5945)0
mass, mean life

b
mass, branching fractions
b-baryon Admixture
mean life, branching fractions

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B I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

I , J, P need confirmation. Quantum numbers shown are quark-model


predictions.
Mass m B = 5279.37 0.15 MeV
Mean life B = (1.638 0.004) 1012 s
c = 491.1 m
CP violation
ACP (B + J/(1S) K + ) = 0.003 0.006 (S = 1.8)
ACP (B + J/(1S) + ) = (0.1 2.8) 102 (S = 1.2)
ACP (B + J/ + ) = 0.11 0.14
ACP (B + J/ K (892)+ ) = 0.048 0.033
ACP (B + c K + ) = 0.01 0.07 (S = 2.2)
ACP (B + (2S) + ) = 0.03 0.06
ACP (B + (2S) K + ) = 0.012 0.020 (S = 1.5)
ACP (B + (2S) K (892)+ ) = 0.08 0.21
ACP (B + c1 (1P) + ) = 0.07 0.18
ACP (B + c0 K + ) = 0.20 0.18 (S = 1.5)
ACP (B + c1 K + ) = 0.009 0.033
ACP (B + c1 K (892)+ ) = 0.5 0.5
ACP (B + D 0 + ) = 0.007 0.007
ACP (B + DCP (+1) + ) = 0.035 0.024
ACP (B + DCP (1) + ) = 0.017 0.026
ACP ([ K + ]D + ) = 0.13 0.10
ACP (B + D 0 K + ) = 0.01 0.05 (S = 2.1)
ACP ([ K + ]D K + ) = 0.42 0.22
rB (B + D 0 K + ) = 0.095 0.008
B (B + D 0 K + ) = (123 10)
rB (B + D 0 K + ) = 0.17 0.11 (S = 2.3)
B (B + D 0 K + ) = (155 70) (S = 2.0)
ACP (B + [ K + ]D K + ) = 0.58 0.21
ACP (B + [ K + 0 ]D K + ) = 0.41 0.30
ACP (B + [ K + ]D K (892)+ ) = 0.3 0.5
ACP (B + [ K + ]D + ) = 0.00 0.09
ACP (B + [ K + 0 ]D + ) = 0.16 0.27
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) + ) = 0.09 0.27
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) + ) = 0.7 0.6
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) K + ) = 0.8 0.4
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) K + ) = 0.4 1.0

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ACP (B + [ + 0 ]D K + ) = 0.02 0.15


ACP (B + [ K 0S K + ]D K + ) = 0.04 0.09
ACP (B + [ K 0S K + ]D K + ) = 0.23 0.13
ACP (B + [ K 0S K + ]D + ) = 0.052 0.034
ACP (B + [ K 0S K + ]D + ) = 0.025 0.026
ACP (B + [ K (892) K + ]D K + ) = 0.03 0.11
ACP (B + [ K (892)+ K ]D K + ) = 0.34 0.21
ACP (B + [ K (892)+ K ]D + ) = 0.05 0.05
ACP (B + [ K (892) K + ]D + ) = 0.012 0.030
ACP (B + DCP (+ 1) K + ) = 0.170 0.033 (S = 1.2)
AADS (B + D K + ) = 0.52 0.15
AADS (B + D + ) = 0.14 0.06
ACP (B + DCP ( 1) K + ) = 0.10 0.07
ACP (B + D 0 + ) = 0.014 0.015
ACP (B + (DCP
(+1)
)0 + ) = 0.02 0.05
ACP (B + (DCP

(1)
)0 + ) = 0.09 0.05
ACP (B + D 0 K + ) = 0.07 0.04
rB (B + D 0 K + ) = 0.114 + 0.023
0.040 (S = 1.2)
B (B + D 0 K + ) = (310 + 22
28 ) (S = 1.3)
+ 0 +
ACP (B D CP (+1) K ) = 0.12 0.08
ACP (B + D CP (1) K + ) = 0.07 0.10
ACP (B + DCP (+1) K (892)+ ) = 0.09 0.14
ACP (B + DCP (1) K (892)+ ) = 0.23 0.22
ACP (B + D+ s ) = 0.0 0.4
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) = 0.15 0.11
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) = 0.06 0.13
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) = 0.13 0.18
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) = 0.03 0.07
ACP (B + K 0S + ) = 0.017 0.016
ACP (B + K + 0 ) = 0.037 0.021
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.013 0.017
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) = 0.26 0.27
ACP (B + K 0 (1430)+ ) = 0.06 0.20
ACP (B + K 2 (1430)+ ) = 0.15 0.13
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.37 0.08
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) = 0.02 0.06
ACP (B + K 0 (1430)+ ) = 0.05 0.13
ACP (B + K 2 (1430)+ ) = 0.45 0.30
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.02 0.04
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.29 0.35

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ACP (B + (K )+ 0 ) = 0.10 0.09


ACP (B + K 2 (1430)+ ) = 0.14 0.15

ACP (B + K 0 + ) = 0.04 0.09 (S = 2.1)


ACP (B + K (892)+ 0 ) = 0.06 0.24
ACP (B + K + + ) = 0.027 0.008
ACP (B + K + K K + nonresonant) = 0.06 0.05
ACP (B + f (980)0 K + ) = 0.08 0.09
ACP (B + f2 (1270)K + ) = 0.68 + 0.19
0.17
ACP (B + f0 (1500)K + ) = 0.28 0.30
ACP (B + f 2 (1525)0 K + ) = 0.08 + 0.05
0.04
ACP (B + 0 K + ) = 0.37 0.10
ACP (B + K 0 (1430)0 + ) = 0.055 0.033
ACP (B + K 2 (1430)0 + ) = 0.05 + 0.29
0.24
ACP (B + K + 0 0 ) = 0.06 0.07
ACP (B + K 0 + ) = 0.12 0.17
ACP (B + K + + ) = 0.07 0.08
ACP (B + 0 K (892)+ ) = 0.31 0.13
ACP (B + K (892)+ f0 (980)) = 0.15 0.12
ACP (B + a+ 0
1 K ) = 0.12 0.11
ACP (B + b+ 0
1 K ) = 0.03 0.15
ACP (B + K (892)0 + ) = 0.01 0.16
ACP (B + b01 K + ) = 0.46 0.20
ACP (B + K 0 K + ) = 0.04 0.14
ACP (B + K 0S K + ) = 0.21 0.14
ACP (B + K + K 0S K 0S ) = 0.04 + 0.04
0.05
ACP (B + K + K + ) = 0.118 0.022
ACP (B + K + K K + ) = 0.033 0.008
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.04 0.04 (S = 2.1)
ACP (B + X0 (1550)K + ) = 0.04 0.07
ACP (B + K + K + K ) = 0.11 0.09
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) = 0.01 0.08
ACP (B + (K )+ 0 ) = 0.04 0.16
ACP (B + K1 (1270)+ ) = 0.15 0.20
ACP (B + K 2 (1430)+ ) = 0.23 0.20
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.10 0.08
ACP (B + K + [ ]c ) = 0.09 0.10
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) = 0.018 0.029
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.12 0.07
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.13 0.11 (S = 1.1)
ACP (B + + ) = 0.11 0.33
ACP (B + + 0 ) = 0.03 0.04

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ACP (B + + + ) = 0.057 0.013


ACP (B + 0 + ) = 0.18 + 0.09
0.17
ACP (B + f2 (1270) + ) = 0.41 0.30
ACP (B + 0 (1450) + ) = 0.1 + 0.4
0.5
ACP (B + f0 (1370) + ) = 0.72 0.22
ACP (B + + + nonresonant) = 0.14 + 0.23
0.16
ACP (B + + 0 ) = 0.02 0.11
ACP (B + + 0 ) = 0.05 0.05
ACP (B + + ) = 0.04 0.06
ACP (B + + ) = 0.20 0.09
ACP (B + + ) = 0.14 0.07 (S = 1.4)
ACP (B + + ) = 0.11 0.11
ACP (B + + ) = 0.06 0.16
ACP (B + + ) = 0.26 0.17
ACP (B + b01 + ) = 0.05 0.16
ACP (B + p p + ) = 0.00 0.04
ACP (B + p p K + ) = 0.00 0.04 (S = 2.2)
ACP (B + p p K (892)+ ) = 0.21 0.16 (S = 1.4)
ACP (B + p ) = 0.17 0.17
ACP (B + p 0 ) = 0.01 0.17
ACP (B + K + + ) = 0.02 0.08
ACP (B + K + e + e ) = 0.14 0.14
ACP (B + K + + ) = 0.011 0.017
ACP (B + K + + ) = 0.09 0.14
ACP (B + K e + e ) = 0.14 0.23
ACP (B + K + ) = 0.12 0.24
(B + D ()0 K ()+ ) = (70 9)
B modes are charge conjugates of the modes below. Modes which do not
identify the charge state of the B are listed in the B /B 0 ADMIXTURE
section.

The branching fractions listed below assume 50% B 0 B 0 and 50% B + B


production at the (4S). We have attempted to bring older measurements
up to date by rescaling their assumed (4S) production ratio to 50:50
and their assumed D, Ds , D , and branching ratios to current values
whenever this would affect our averages and best limits significantly.

Indentation is used to indicate a subchannel of a previous reaction. All


resonant subchannels have been corrected for resonance branching frac-
tions to the final state so the sum of the subchannel branching fractions
can exceed that of the final state.

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For inclusive branching fractions, e.g., B D anything, the values


usually are multiplicities, not branching fractions. They can be greater
than one.

Scale factor/ p
B + DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)

Semileptonic and leptonic modes


+ anything [sss] ( 10.99 0.28 )%
e + e Xc ( 10.8 0.4 )%
+
D anything ( 9.8 0.7 )%
D 0 + [sss] ( 2.27 0.11 )% 2310
D 0 + ( 7.7 2.5 ) 103 1911

D (2007) 0 + [sss] ( 5.69 0.19 )% 2258
D (2007)0 + ( 1.88 0.20 )% 1839

D + + ( 4.2 0.5 ) 103 2306
D 0 (2420)0 + , D 00 ( 2.5 0.5 ) 103
D +
D 2 (2460)0 + , D 02 ( 1.53 0.16 ) 103 2065
D +
D () n + (n 1) ( 1.87 0.26 )%

D + + ( 6.1 0.6 ) 103 2254
D 1 (2420)0 + , D 01 ( 3.03 0.20 ) 103 2084
D +
D 1 (2430)0 + , D 0
1 ( 2.7 0.6 ) 103
D +
D 2 (2460)0 + , ( 1.01 0.24 ) 103 S=2.0 2065
0
D2 D +
() + +
Ds K ( 6.1 1.0 ) 104
D + +
s K ( 3.0 + 1.4
1.2 ) 104 2242
D + +
s K ( 2.9 1.9 ) 104 2185
0
+ ( 7.80 0.27 ) 105 2638
+ ( 3.8 0.6 ) 105 2611

+ ( 2.3 0.8 ) 105 2553
+
[sss] ( 1.19 0.09 ) 104 2582
0 + [sss] ( 1.58 0.11 ) 104 2583
p p + ( 5.8 + 2.6
2.3 ) 106 2467
p p + < 8.5 106 CL=90% 2446

p p e + e ( 8.2 + 4.0
3.3 ) 106 2467
e + e < 9.8 107 CL=90% 2640
+
< 1.0 106 CL=90% 2639
+
( 1.14 0.27 ) 104 S=1.3 2341

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+ < 1.56 105 CL=90% 2640


e + e < 1.7 105 CL=90% 2640
+ < 2.4 105 CL=90% 2639

Inclusive modes
D0 X ( 8.6 0.7 )%
D0 X ( 79 4 )%
D+ X ( 2.5 0.5 )%
D X ( 9.9 1.2 )%
D+s X ( 7.9 + 1.4
1.3 )%
Ds X ( 1.10 + 0.40
0.32 ) %
+
c X ( 2.1 + 0.9
0.6 )%

c X ( 2.8 + 1.1
0.9 )%
cX ( 97 4 )%
cX ( 23.4 + 2.2 )%
1.8
c /c X (120 6 )%
D, D , or Ds modes
D 0 + ( 4.81 0.15 ) 103 2308
DCP(+ 1) + [ttt] ( 2.20 0.24 ) 103
DCP( 1) + [ttt] ( 2.1 0.4 ) 103
D 0 + ( 1.34 0.18 ) % 2237
D0 K + ( 3.70 0.17 ) 104 2281
DCP(+ 1) K + [ttt] ( 1.92 0.14 ) 104
DCP( 1) K + [ttt] ( 2.00 0.19 ) 104
[ K + ]D K + [uuu] < 2.8 107 CL=90%
[ K + ]D K + [uuu] < 1.8 105 CL=90%
[ K + 0 ]D K + seen
[ K + 0 ]D K + seen
[ K + + ]D K + seen
[ K + + ]D K + seen
[ K + ]D + [uuu] ( 6.3 1.1) 107
[ K + ]D + ( 1.68 0.31 ) 104
[ K + 0 ]D + seen
[ K + 0 ]D + seen
[ K + + ]D + seen
[ K + + ]D + seen
[ + 0 ]D K ( 4.6 0.9 ) 106
[ K 0S K + ]D K + seen
[ K 0S K + ]D K + seen
[ K (892)+ K ]D K + seen

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[ K 0S K + ]D + seen
[ K (892)+ K ]D + seen
[ K 0S K + ]D + seen
[ K (892) K + ]D + seen
D 0 K (892)+ ( 5.3 0.4 ) 104 2213
DCP (1) K (892)+ [ttt] ( 2.7 0.8 ) 104
DCP (+1) K (892)+ [ttt] ( 5.8 1.1 ) 104
D 0 K + + ( 5.4 2.2 ) 104 2237
D0 K + K 0 ( 5.5 1.6 ) 104 2189
D 0 K + K (892)0 ( 7.5 1.7 ) 104 2072
D 0 + + ( 5.7 2.2 ) 103 S=3.6 2289
D 0 + + nonresonant ( 5 4 ) 103 2289
D 0 + 0 ( 4.2 3.0 ) 103 2208
D 0 a1 (1260)+ ( 4 4 ) 103 2123
D +
0 ( 4.1 0.9 ) 103 2206
D (2010) + + ( 1.35 0.22 ) 103 2247
D 1 (2420)0 + , D 01 ( 5.3 2.3 ) 104 2081
D (2010) +
D +
+ ( 1.07 0.05 ) 103 2299
D+ K 0 < 2.9 106 CL=90% 2278
D + K 0 < 1.8 106 CL=90% 2211
D + K 0 < 1.4 106 CL=90% 2211
D (2007)0 + ( 5.18 0.26 ) 103 2256
D 0
CP (+1)
+ [vvv ] ( 2.9 0.7 ) 103
D 0
CP (1)
+ [vvv ] ( 2.6 1.0 ) 103
D (2007)0 + ( 4.5 1.2 ) 103 2149
D (2007)0 + ( 9.8 1.7 ) 103 2181
D (2007)0 K + ( 4.20 0.34 ) 104 2227
D 0
CP (+1) K
+ [vvv ] ( 2.8 0.4 ) 104
D 0
CP (1) K
+ [vvv ] ( 2.31 0.33 ) 104
D (2007)0 K (892)+ ( 8.1 1.4 ) 104 2156
D (2007)0 K + K 0 < 1.06 103 CL=90% 2132
D (2007)0 K + K (892)0 ( 1.5 0.4 ) 103 2009
D (2007)0 + + ( 1.03 0.12 ) % 2236
D (2007)0 a1 (1260)+ ( 1.9 0.5 )% 2063
D (2007)0 + + 0 ( 1.8 0.4 )% 2219
D 0 3 + 2 ( 5.7 1.2 ) 103 2196
D (2010)+ 0 < 3.6 106 2255
D (2010)+ K 0 < 9.0 106 CL=90% 2225
D (2010) + + 0 ( 1.5 0.7 )% 2235
D (2010) + + + ( 2.6 0.4 ) 103 2217
D 0 + [xxx] ( 5.9 1.3 ) 103

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D 1 (2420)0 + ( 1.5 0.6 ) 103 S=1.3 2082

D 1 (2420)0 + B(D 01 ( 2.5 + 1.7


1.4 ) 104 S=4.0 2082
D 0 + )
D 1 (2420)0 + B(D 01 ( 2.3 1.0 ) 104 2082
D 0 + (nonresonant))
D 2 (2462)0 +
( 3.5 0.4 ) 104
B(D 2 (2462)0 D + )
D 2 (2462)0 + B(D 0

2 ( 2.3 1.1 ) 104
0
D ) +
D 2 (2462)0 + B(D 0
2 < 1.7 104 CL=90%
0 +
D (nonresonant))
D 2 (2462)0 + B(D 0

2 ( 2.2 1.1 ) 104

D (2010) ) +
D 0 (2400)0 +
( 6.4 1.4 ) 104 2128
B(D 0 (2400)0 D + )
D 1 (2421)0 + ( 6.8 1.5 ) 104
B(D 1 (2421)0 D + )
D 2 (2462)0 + ( 1.8 0.5 ) 104
B(D 2 (2462)0 D + )
D 1 (2427)0 + ( 5.0 1.2 ) 104
B(D 1 (2427)0 D + )
D 1 (2420)0 + B(D 01 < 6 106 CL=90% 2082
D 0 + )
D 1 (2420)0 + < 1.4 103 CL=90% 1996
D 2 (2460)0 + < 1.3 103 CL=90% 2062
D 2 (2460)0 + B(D 0 2 < 2.2 105 CL=90% 2062
0
D ) +
D 2 (2460)0 + < 4.7 103 CL=90% 1976
D0 D+ s ( 9.0 0.9 ) 103 1815

Ds0 (2317)+ D 0 ( 7.3 + 2.2


1.7 ) 104 1605
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D + 0
s )
Ds0 (2317)+ D 0 < 7.6 104 CL=90% 1605
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D +
s )
+ 0
Ds0 (2317) D (2007) ( 9 7 ) 104 1511
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D + 0
s )
DsJ (2457)+ D 0 ( 3.1 +

1.0
0.9 ) 103
DsJ (2457)+ D 0 ( 4.6 +

1.3
1.1 ) 104
B(DsJ (2457)+ D +
s )

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DsJ (2457)+ D 0 < 2.2 104 CL=90%


B(DsJ (2457)+
D+ +
s )
DsJ (2457)+ D 0 < 2.7 104 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457)+ D + 0
s )
DsJ (2457)+ D 0 < 9.8 104 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457)+ D +
s )
+
DsJ (2457) D (2007)0 ( 1.20 0.30 ) %
DsJ (2457)+ D (2007)0 ( 1.4 + 0.7
0.6 ) 103
B(DsJ (2457)+ D + s )
0
D Ds1 (2536) + ( 4.0 1.0 ) 104 1447
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D (2007)0 K + +
D (2010)+ K 0 )
D 0 Ds1 (2536)+ ( 2.2 0.7 ) 104 1447
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D (2007)0 K + )
D (2007)0 Ds1 (2536)+
( 5.5 1.6 ) 104 1339
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D (2007)0 K + )
D 0 Ds1 (2536)+ ( 2.3 1.1 ) 104 1447
B(Ds1 (2536)+ D + K 0 )
D DsJ (2700)+
0 ( 5.6 1.8 ) 104 S=1.7
B(DsJ (2700)+ D 0 K + )
D 0 Ds1 (2536)+ , D + s1 ( 3.9 2.6 ) 104 1339
+
D K 0
D 0 DsJ (2573)+ , D + sJ ( 8 15 ) 106
0
D K +
D 0 DsJ (2573), D + sJ < 2 104 CL=90% 1306
0
D K +
D (2007)0 DsJ (2573), D + sJ < 5 104 CL=90% 1306
0
D K +
D 0 D +
s ( 7.6 1.6 ) 103 1734
D (2007)0 D +s ( 8.2 1.7 ) 103 1737
D (2007)0 D +
s ( 1.71 0.24 ) % 1651
()+ 0
Ds D ( 2.7 1.2 )%
D (2007)0 D (2010)+
( 8.1 1.7 ) 104 1713
D 0 D (2010)+ + < 1.30 % CL=90% 1792
D (2007)0 D +
D D (2010)+
0 ( 3.9 0.5 ) 104 1792
D0 D+ ( 3.8 0.4 ) 104 1866
D0 D+ K 0 ( 1.55 0.21 ) 103 1571
D + D (2007)0 ( 6.3 1.7 ) 104 1791

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D (2007)0 D + K 0 ( 2.1 0.5 ) 103 1475


D 0 D (2010)+ K 0 ( 3.8 0.4 ) 103 1476
D (2007)0 D (2010)+ K 0 ( 9.2 1.2) 103 1362
D0 D0 K + ( 1.45 0.33 ) 103 S=2.6 1577
D (2007)0 D 0 K + ( 2.26 0.23 ) 103 1481
D 0 D (2007)0 K + ( 6.3 0.5 ) 103 1481
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 K + ( 1.12 0.13 ) % 1368
D D+ K + ( 2.2 0.7 ) 104 1571
D D (2010)+ K + ( 6.3 1.1 ) 104 1475
D (2010) D + K + ( 6.0 1.3 ) 104 1475
D (2010) D (2010)+ K + ( 1.32 0.18 ) 103 1363
( D +D )( D +D ) K ( 4.05 0.30 ) %
D+s
0 ( 1.6 0.5 ) 105 2270
D +
s
0 < 2.6 104 CL=90% 2215
D+s < 4 104 CL=90% 2235
+
Ds < 6 104 CL=90% 2178
D+s
0 < 3.0 104 CL=90% 2197
+ 0
Ds < 4 104 CL=90% 2138
D+s < 4 104 CL=90% 2195
D +
s < 6 104 CL=90% 2136
+
D s a1 (1260)0 < 1.8 103 CL=90% 2080
D +
s a1 (1260)
0 < 1.3 103 CL=90% 2015

D+
s ( 1.7 + 1.2
0.7 ) 106 2141

D +
s < 1.2 105 CL=90% 2079
+ 0
Ds K < 8 104 CL=90% 2242
D +
s K
0 < 9 104 CL=90% 2185
D+
s K (892)
0 < 4.4 106 CL=90% 2172
D+s K
0 < 3.5 106 CL=90% 2172
D +
s K (892)
0 < 3.5 104 CL=90% 2112
D + +
s K ( 1.80 0.22 ) 104 2222
D
s K
+ + ( 1.45 0.24 ) 104 2164
D +
s K (892)
+ < 5 103 CL=90% 2138
D +
s K (892)
+ < 7 103 CL=90% 2076
D + +
s K K ( 9.7 2.1 ) 106 2149
D
s K K
+ + < 1.5 105 CL=90% 2088

Charmonium modes
c K + ( 9.6 1.1 ) 104 1751
c K + , c K 0S K ( 2.7 0.6 ) 105
c K (892)+ ( 1.0 + 0.5
0.4 ) 103 1646
c (2S)K + ( 3.4 1.8 ) 104 1319

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c (2S) K + , c p p < 1.06 107 CL=95%


c (2S) K + , c ( 3.4 + 2.3
1.6 ) 106
K 0S K
hc (1P)K + , hc J/ + < 3.4 106 CL=90% 1401
X (3872)K + < 3.2 104 CL=90% 1141
X (3872)K + , X p p < 1.7 108 CL=95%
X (3872)K + , X ( 8.6 0.8 ) 106 1141
J/ +
X (3872)K + , X J/ ( 2.1 0.4 ) 106 S=1.1 1141
X (3872)K + , X (2S) ( 4 4 ) 106 S=2.5 1141
X (3872)K + , X < 7.7 106 CL=90% 1141
J/(1S)
X (3872)K + , X D 0 D 0 < 6.0 105 CL=90% 1141
X (3872)K + , X D + D < 4.0 105 CL=90% 1141
X (3872)K + , X ( 1.0 0.4 ) 104 1141
D 0 D 0 0
X (3872)K + , X D 0 D 0 ( 8.5 2.6 ) 105 S=1.4 1141
X (3872)K (892)+ , X < 4.8 106 CL=90% 939
J/
X (3872)K (892)+ , X < 2.8 105 CL=90% 939
(2S)
X (3872)+ K 0 , X + [yyy ] < 6.1 106 CL=90%
J/(1S) + 0
X (3872)K 0 + , X ( 1.06 0.31 ) 105
J/(1S) +
X (4430)+ K 0 , X + J/ + < 1.5 105 CL=95%
X (4430)+ K 0 , X + < 4.7 105 CL=95%
(2S) +
X (4260)0 K + , X 0 < 2.9 105 CL=95%
J/ +
c0 (3915)K + , X 0 J/ < 1.4 105 CL=90%
X (3930)0 K + , X 0 J/ < 2.5 106 CL=90%
J/(1S)K + ( 1.026 0.031) 103 1684
J/(1S)K + + ( 8.1 1.3 ) 104 S=2.5 1612
J/(1S)K + K K + ( 3.37 0.29 ) 105 1252
c0 (3915)K + , c0 p p < 7.1 108 CL=95%
J/(1S)K (892)+ ( 1.43 0.08 ) 103 1571
J/(1S)K (1270)+ ( 1.8 0.5) 103 1390
J/(1S)K (1400)+ < 5 104 CL=90% 1308
J/(1S) K + ( 1.24 0.14 ) 104 1510
X codd (3872)K + , < 3.8 106 CL=90%
X codd J/
(4160)K + , J/ < 7.4 106 CL=90%
J/(1S) K + < 8.8 105 CL=90% 1273

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J/(1S) K + ( 5.0 0.4 ) 105 1227


X (4140)K + , X ( 10 4 ) 106
J/(1S)
X (4274)K + , X < 4 106 CL=90%
J/(1S)
J/(1S) K + ( 3.20 + 0.60
0.32 ) 10
4 1388
X (3872)K + , X J/ ( 6.0 2.2 ) 106 1141
c0 (3915)K + ,
c0 ( 3.0 + 0.9
0.7 ) 105 1103
J/
J/(1S) + ( 4.1 0.4 ) 105 S=2.6 1728
J/(1S)+ ( 5.0 0.8 ) 105 1611
J/(1S) + 0 nonresonant < 7.3 106 CL=90% 1717
J/(1S)a1 (1260)+ < 1.2 103 CL=90% 1415
J/ p p + < 5.0 107 CL=90% 643
J/(1S)p ( 1.18 0.31 ) 105 567
J/(1S) 0 p < 1.1 105 CL=90%
J/(1S)D + < 1.2 104 CL=90% 871
J/(1S)D 0 + < 2.5 105 CL=90% 665
(2S) + ( 2.44 0.30 ) 105 1347
(2S)K + ( 6.26 0.24 ) 104 1284
(2S)K (892)+ ( 6.7 1.4 ) 104 S=1.3 1116
(2S)K + + ( 4.3 0.5 ) 104 1179
(3770)K + ( 4.9 1.3 ) 104 1218
(3770)K+, D 0 D 0 ( 1.5 0.5 ) 104 S=1.4 1218
(3770)K+, D + D ( 9.4 3.5 ) 105 1218
(4040)K + < 1.3 104 CL=90% 1003
(4160)K + ( 5.1 2.7 ) 104 868
(4160)K + , D 0 D 0 ( 8 5 ) 105
c0 + , c0 + < 1 107 CL=90% 1531
c0 (1P)K + ( 1.50 + 0.15
0.14 ) 10
4 1478
c0 K (892)+ < 2.1 104 CL=90% 1341
c2 + , c2 + < 1 107 CL=90% 1437
c2 K + ( 1.1 0.4 ) 105 1379
c2 K (892)+ < 1.2 104 CL=90% 1228
c1 (1P) + ( 2.2 0.5 ) 105 1468
c1 (1P)K + ( 4.79 0.23 ) 104 1412
c1 (1P)K (892)+ ( 3.0 0.6 ) 104 S=1.1 1265
hc (1P)K + < 3.8 105 CL=90% 1401
hc (1P) K + , hc p p < 6.4 108 CL=95%

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K or K modes
K 0 + ( 2.37 0.08 ) 105 2614
K + 0 ( 1.29 0.05 ) 105 2615
K + ( 7.06 0.25 ) 105 2528
K (892)+ ( 4.8 + 1.8
1.6 ) 106 2472
K 0 (1430)+ ( 5.2 2.1 ) 106
K 2 (1430)+ ( 2.8 0.5 ) 105 2346
K+ ( 2.4 0.4 ) 106 S=1.7 2588
K (892)+ ( 1.93 0.16 ) 105 2534
K 0 (1430)+ ( 1.8 0.4 ) 105
K 2 (1430)+ ( 9.1 3.0 ) 106 2414

(1295)K + B((1295) ( 2.9 + 0.8


0.7 ) 106 2455
)
(1405)K + B((1405) < 1.3 106 CL=90% 2425
)
(1405)K + B((1405) < 1.2 106 CL=90% 2425
KK)
(1475)K + B((1475) ( 1.38 + 0.21
0.18 ) 10
5 2406
KK)
f1 (1285)K + < 2.0 106 CL=90% 2458
f1 (1420)K + B(f1 (1420) < 2.9 106 CL=90% 2420
)
f1 (1420)K + B(f1 (1420) < 4.1 106 CL=90% 2420
KK)
(1680)K + B((1680) < 3.4 106 CL=90% 2344
KK)
f0 (1500)K + ( 3.7 2.2 ) 106 2398
K+ ( 6.5 0.4 ) 106 2558
K (892)+ < 7.4 106 CL=90% 2503
(K )+0 ( 2.8 0.4 ) 105
K 0 (1430)+ ( 2.4 0.5 ) 105
K 2 (1430)+ ( 2.1 0.4 ) 105 2380
a0 (980)+ K 0 B(a0 (980)+ < 3.9 106 CL=90%
+)
a0 (980)0 K + B(a0 (980)0 < 2.5 106 CL=90%
0)
K (892)0 + ( 1.01 0.09 ) 105 2562
K (892)+ 0 ( 8.2 1.9 ) 106 2563
K + + ( 5.10 0.29 ) 105 2609
K + + nonresonant ( 1.63 + 0.21
0.15 ) 10
5 2609
(782)K + ( 6 9 ) 106 2558

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K + f0 (980) B(f0 (980) ( 9.4 + 1.0


1.2 ) 106 2522
+ )
f2 (1270)0 K + ( 1.07 0.27 ) 106
f0 (1370)0 K + < 1.07 105 CL=90%
B(f0 (1370)0 + )
0 (1450)K + < 1.17 105 CL=90%
B(0 (1450) + )
f 2 (1525)K +
< 3.4 106 CL=90% 2392
B(f 2 (1525) + )
K + 0 ( 3.7 0.5 ) 106 2559
K 0 (1430)0 + ( 4.5 +

0.9
0.7 ) 105 S=1.5 2445

K 2 (1430)0 + ( 5.6 +

2.2
1.5 ) 106 2445
K (1410)0 + < 4.5 105 CL=90% 2448
K (1680)0 + < 1.2 105 CL=90% 2358
K + 0 0 ( 1.62 0.19 ) 105 2610
f0 (980)K + B(f0 0 0 ) ( 2.8 0.8 ) 106 2522
K + + < 9.5 107 CL=90% 2609
K + + nonresonant < 5.6 105 CL=90% 2609
K1 (1270)0 + < 4.0 105 CL=90% 2484
K1 (1400)0 + < 3.9 105 CL=90% 2451
K 0 + 0 < 6.6 105 CL=90% 2609
K 0 + ( 8.0 1.5 ) 106 2558
K (892)+ +
( 7.5 1.0 ) 105 2557
K (892)+ 0 ( 4.6 1.1 ) 106 2504
K (892)+ f0 (980) ( 4.2 0.7 ) 106 2466
+ 0
a1 K ( 3.5 0.7 ) 105
b+ 0 +
1 K B(b1 )
+ ( 9.6 1.9 ) 106
K (892)0 + ( 9.2 1.5 ) 106 2504
K1 (1400)+ 0 < 7.8 104 CL=90% 2388
K 2 (1430)+ 0 < 1.5 103 CL=90% 2381
b01 K + B(b01 0 ) ( 9.1 2.0 ) 106
b+ 0 +
1 K B(b1 )
+ < 5.9 106 CL=90%
b01 K + B(b01 0 ) < 6.7 106 CL=90%
K+K0 ( 1.31 0.17 ) 106 S=1.2 2593
K 0 K + 0 < 2.4 105 CL=90% 2578
K + K 0S K 0S ( 1.08 0.06 ) 105 2521
f0 (980)K + , f0 K 0S K 0S ( 1.47 0.33 ) 105
f0 (1710)K + , f0 K 0S K 0S ( 4.8 + 4.0
2.6 ) 107
K + K 0S K 0S nonresonant ( 2.0 0.4 ) 105 2521
K 0S K 0S + < 5.1 107 CL=90% 2577
K + K + ( 5.0 0.7 ) 106 2578

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K + K + nonresonant < 7.5 105 CL=90% 2578


K + K (892)0 < 1.1 106 CL=90% 2540
K + K 0 (1430)0 < 2.2 106 CL=90% 2421
K + K + < 1.6 107 CL=90% 2578
K + K + nonresonant < 8.79 105 CL=90% 2578
f 2 (1525)K +
( 1.8 0.5 ) 106 S=1.1 2392
K + + K < 1.18 105 CL=90% 2524
K (892)+ K (892)0 ( 1.2 0.5 ) 106 2485
K K +
+ < 6.1 106 CL=90% 2524
K+KK+ ( 3.40 0.14 ) 105 S=1.4 2523
K+ ( 8.8 + 0.7
0.6 ) 106 S=1.1 2516
f0 (980)K + B(f0 (980) ( 9.4 3.2 ) 106 2522
K + K )
a2 (1320)K + < 1.1 106 CL=90% 2449
B(a2 (1320) K + K )
X0 (1550)K + ( 4.3 0.7 ) 106
B(X0 (1550) K + K )
(1680)K + B((1680) < 8 107 CL=90% 2344
K + K )
f0 (1710)K + B(f0 (1710) ( 1.1 0.6 ) 106 2330
K + K )
K + K K + nonresonant ( 2.38 + 0.28
0.50 ) 10
5 2523
K (892)+ K + K ( 3.6 0.5 ) 105 2466
K (892)+ ( 10.0 2.0 ) 106 S=1.7 2460
(K )+
0 ( 8.3 1.6 ) 106
K1 (1270)+ ( 6.1 1.9 ) 106 2375
K1 (1400)+ < 3.2 106 CL=90% 2339
K (1410)+ < 4.3 106 CL=90%
K 0 (1430)+ ( 7.0 1.6 ) 106
K 2 (1430)+ ( 8.4 2.1 ) 106 2333
K 2 (1770)+ < 1.50 105 CL=90%
K 2 (1820)+ < 1.63 105 CL=90%
a+
1 K
0 < 3.6 106 CL=90%
K+ ( 5.0 1.2) 106 S=2.3 2306
K + < 2.5 105 CL=90% 2338
K+ < 1.9 106 CL=90% 2374
X (1812)K + B(X ) < 3.2 107 CL=90%
K (892)+
( 4.21 0.18 ) 105 2564
K1 (1270)+ ( 4.3 1.3 ) 105 2486
K+ ( 7.9 0.9 ) 106 2588
K + ( 2.9 + 1.0
0.9 ) 10
6 2528
K+ ( 2.7 0.4 ) 106 S=1.2 2516

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K + + ( 2.76 0.22 ) 105 S=1.2 2609


K (892)0 + ( 2.0 + 0.7
0.6 ) 10
5 2562
K + 0 < 2.0 105 CL=90% 2559
K + + nonresonant < 9.2 106 CL=90% 2609
K 0 + 0 ( 4.6 0.5 ) 105 2609
K1 (1400)+ < 1.5 105 CL=90% 2453
K 2 (1430)+ ( 1.4 0.4 ) 105 2447
K (1680)+ < 1.9 103 CL=90% 2360
K 3 (1780)+ < 3.9 105 CL=90% 2341
K 4 (2045)+ < 9.9 103 CL=90% 2244

Light unflavored meson modes


+ ( 9.8 2.5) 107 2583
+ 0 ( 5.5 0.4) 106 S=1.2 2636
+ + ( 1.52 0.14 ) 105 2630
0 + ( 8.3 1.2 ) 106 2581
+ f0 (980), f0 + < 1.5 106 CL=90% 2545
+ f2 (1270) ( 1.6 + 0.7
0.4 ) 106 2484

(1450)0 pi+, 0 + ( 1.4 + 0.6


0.9 ) 106 2434
f0(1370) + ,f0 + < 4.0 106 CL=90% 2460
f0 (500) , f0 +
+ < 4.1 106 CL=90%
+ + nonresonant ( 5.3 + 1.5
1.1 ) 106 2630
+ 0 0 < 8.9 104 CL=90% 2631
+ 0 ( 1.09 0.14 ) 105 2581
+ 0
+ < 4.0 103 CL=90% 2622
+ 0 ( 2.40 0.19 ) 105 2523
+ f0 (980), f0 + < 2.0 106 CL=90% 2486
a1 (1260)+ 0 ( 2.6 0.7 ) 105 2494
a1 (1260)0 + ( 2.0 0.6 ) 105 2494
+ ( 6.9 0.5 ) 106 2580
+ ( 1.59 0.21 ) 105 2522
+ ( 4.02 0.27 ) 106 2609
+ ( 7.0 2.9 ) 106 S=2.8 2553
+ ( 2.7 0.9 ) 106 S=1.9 2551
+ ( 9.7 2.2 ) 106 2492
+ < 1.5 107 CL=90% 2539
+ < 3.0 106 CL=90% 2480
a0 (980)0 + , a00 0 < 5.8 106 CL=90%
a0 (980)+ 0 , a+0
+ < 1.4 106 CL=90%
+ + + < 8.6 104 CL=90% 2608
0 a1 (1260)+ < 6.2 104 CL=90% 2433

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0 a2 (1320)+ < 7.2 104 CL=90% 2410


b01 + , b01 0 ( 6.7 2.0 ) 106
b+ 0 +
1 , b1
+ < 3.3 106 CL=90%
+ + + 0 < 6.3 103 CL=90% 2592
b+ 0 +
1 , b1
+ < 5.2 106 CL=90%
a1 (1260)+ a1 (1260)0 < 1.3 % CL=90% 2336
b01 + , b01 0 < 3.3 106 CL=90%

Charged particle (h ) modes


h = K or

h+ 0 ( 1.6 + 0.7
0.6 ) 105 2636

h+ ( 1.38 + 0.27
0.24 ) 10
5 2580
h+ X 0 (Familon) < 4.9 105 CL=90%
Baryon modes
p p + ( 1.62 0.20 ) 106 2439
p p + nonresonant < 5.3 105 CL=90% 2439
ppK+ ( 5.9 0.5 ) 106 S=1.5 2348
(1710)++ p, ++ [zzz] < 9.1 108 CL=90%
pK+
fJ (2220)K + , fJ p p [zzz] < 4.1 107 CL=90% 2135
p (1520) ( 3.1 0.6 ) 107 2322
p p K + nonresonant < 8.9 105 CL=90% 2348
p p K (892)+ ( 3.6 + 0.8
0.7 ) 106 2215
fJ (2220)K + , fJ p p < 7.7 107 CL=90% 2059
p < 3.2 107 CL=90% 2430
p ( 2.4 + 0.5 ) 106 2430
0.4
p 0 ( 3.0 +

0.7
0.6 ) 106 2402
p (1385)0 < 4.7 107 CL=90% 2362
+ < 8.2 107 CL=90%
p < 4.6 106 CL=90% 2413
p + ( 5.9 1.1 ) 106 2367
p 0 ( 4.8 0.9 ) 106 2214
p f2 (1270) ( 2.0 0.8 ) 106 2026
+ < 9.4 107 CL=90% 2358
K+ ( 3.4 0.6 ) 106 2251
K + ( 2.2 + 1.2
0.9 ) 106 2098
0 p < 1.38 106 CL=90% 2403
++ p < 1.4 107 CL=90% 2403
D+ p p < 1.5 105 CL=90% 1860

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D (2010)+ p p < 1.5 105 CL=90% 1786


D 0 p p + ( 3.72 0.27 ) 104 1789
D 0 p p + ( 3.73 0.32 ) 104 1709
D p p + ( 1.66 0.30 ) 104 1705
D p p + ( 1.86 0.25 ) 104 1621
p 0 D 0 ( 1.43 0.32 ) 105
p 0 D (2007)0 < 5 105 CL=90%
c p
+ ( 2.05 0.35 ) 104 S=2.3 1980

c (1232)
++ < 1.9 105 CL=90% 1928

c X (1600)
++ ( 4.3 0.9 ) 105

c X (2420)
++ ( 3.4 0.8 ) 105
(
c p)s
+ [aaaa] ( 2.9 0.6 ) 105
c (2520)0 p < 3 106 CL=90% 1904
c (2800)0 p ( 2.4 0.8 ) 105
c p
+ 0 ( 1.8 0.6 ) 103 1935
+ +
c p ( 2.2 0.7 ) 103 1880
+ + 0
c p < 1.34 % CL=90% 1823
+ +
c c K ( 6.4 2.0 ) 104
c (2455)0 p ( 2.7 0.6 ) 105 1938
c (2455)0 p 0 ( 3.2 1.0 ) 104 1896
c (2455)0 p + ( 3.2 1.0 ) 104 1845
c (2455) p + + ( 2.17 0.18 ) 104 1845
c (2593) / c (2625) p + < 1.9 104 CL=90%
0c + 0
c , c
+ ( 2.2 0.8 ) 105 S=1.4 1144
0c + 0
c , c K
+ ( 1.9 0.8 ) 105 S=1.5 1144

Lepton Family number (LF ) or Lepton number (L) or Baryon number (B)
violating modes, or/and B = 1 weak neutral current (B1 ) modes

+ + B1 < 4.9 108 CL=90% 2638
+
e e + B1 < 8.0 108 CL=90% 2638
+ + B1 ( 2.3 0.6 ) 108 2634
+
B1 < 9.8 105 CL=90% 2638
K + + B1 [sss] ( 4.51 0.23 ) 107 S=1.1 2617
+
K e e + B1 ( 5.5 0.7 ) 10 7 2617
K + + B1 ( 4.43 0.24 ) 107 S=1.2 2612
K+ B1 < 1.6 105 CL=90% 2617
+
B1 < 2.13 104 CL=90% 2583
K (892)+ + B1 [sss] ( 1.01 0.11 ) 106 S=1.1 2564
K (892)+ e + e B1 ( + 0.40 ) 106
1.55 0.31 2564
K (892)+ + B1 ( 9.6 1.0 ) 107 2560
K (892)+ B1 < 4.0 105 CL=90% 2564
K + + + B1 ( 4.4 0.4 ) 107 2593

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K + + B1 ( 7.9 + 2.1
1.7 ) 108 2490
+ e + LF < 6.4 103 CL=90% 2637
+ e + LF < 6.4 103 CL=90% 2637
+ e LF < 1.7 107 CL=90% 2637
+ e + LF < 7.4 105 CL=90% 2338
+ e + LF < 2.0 105 CL=90% 2338
+ e LF < 7.5 105 CL=90% 2338
+ + LF < 6.2 105 CL=90% 2334
+ + LF < 4.5 105 CL=90% 2334
+ LF < 7.2 105 CL=90% 2334
K + e + LF < 9.1 108 CL=90% 2616
K + e + LF < 1.3 107 CL=90% 2616
K + e LF < 9.1 108 CL=90% 2616
K + e+ LF < 4.3 105 CL=90% 2312
K + e + LF < 1.5 105 CL=90% 2312
K + e LF < 3.0 105 CL=90% 2312
K + + LF < 4.5 105 CL=90% 2298
K + + LF < 2.8 105 CL=90% 2298
K + LF < 4.8 105 CL=90% 2298
K (892)+ e + LF < 1.3 106 CL=90% 2563
K (892)+ e + LF < 9.9 107 CL=90% 2563
K (892)+ e LF < 1.4 106 CL=90% 2563
e + e + L < 2.3 108 CL=90% 2638
+ + L < 4.0 109 CL=95% 2634
e + + L < 1.5 107 CL=90% 2637
e + e + L < 1.7 107 CL=90% 2583
+ + L < 4.2 107 CL=90% 2578
e + + L < 4.7 107 CL=90% 2582
K e+ e+ L < 3.0 108 CL=90% 2617
K + + L < 4.1 108 CL=90% 2612
K e + + L < 1.6 107 CL=90% 2616
K (892) e + e + L < 4.0 107 CL=90% 2564
K (892) + + L < 5.9 107 CL=90% 2560
K (892) e + + L < 3.0 107 CL=90% 2563
D e+ e+ L < 2.6 106 CL=90% 2309
D e + + L < 1.8 106 CL=90% 2307
D + + L < 6.9 107 CL=95% 2303
D + + L < 2.4 106 CL=95% 2251
D + +
s L < 5.8 107 CL=95% 2267
D 0 + + L < 1.5 106 CL=95% 2295
0 + L,B < 6 108 CL=90%

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0 e + L,B < 3.2 108 CL=90%


0 + L,B < 6 108 CL=90%
0 e + L,B < 8 108 CL=90%

B0 I (J P ) = 12 (0 )

I , J, P need confirmation. Quantum numbers shown are quark-model


predictions.
Mass m B 0 = 5279.61 0.15 MeV
m B 0 m B = 0.25 0.06 MeV
Mean life B 0 = (1.520 0.004) 1012 s
c = 455.7 m
B + / B 0 = 1.076 0.004 (direct measurements)

B 0 -B 0 mixing parameters
d = 0.1875 0.0017
m B 0 = m B 0 m B 0 = (0.510 0.003) 1012 h
s 1
H L
= (3.356 0.020) 1010 MeV
xd = m B0 /B 0= 0.775 0.006
Re CP / CP Re(z) = 0.01 0.05
Re(z) = 0.007 0.004
Re(z) = (2 5) 102
Im(z) = ( 0.8 0.4) 102
CP violation parameters
Re(B 0 )/(1+B 0 2 ) = ( 0.4 0.4) 103

AT /CP = 0.005 0.018


ACP (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) = 0.037 0.034
ACP (B 0 [ K + K ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.20 0.15
ACP (B 0 [ K + ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.03 0.04
R+ 0 + 0 0
d = (B [ K ]D K ) / (B [ K ]D K ) =
+ 0

0.06 0.032

R d = (B 0 [ K + ]D K 0 ) / (B 0 [ + K ]D K 0 ) =
0.06 0.032
ACP (B 0 [ + ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.09 0.22
ACP (B 0 K + ) = 0.082 0.006
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.07 0.18
ACP (B 0 K 0 (1430)0 ) = 0.19 0.17
ACP (B 0 K 2 (1430)0 ) = 0.14 0.18
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.19 0.05

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ACP (B 0 K 0 (1430)0 ) = 0.06 0.13


ACP (B 0 K 2 (1430)0 ) = 0.07 0.19
ACP (B 0 b1 K + ) = 0.07 0.12
ACP (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.45 0.25
ACP (B 0 (K )0 0 ) = 0.07 0.09
0
ACP (B K 2 (1430)0 ) = 0.37 0.17
ACP (B 0 K + 0 ) = (0 6) 102
ACP (B 0 K + ) = 0.20 0.11
ACP (B 0 (1450) K + ) = 0.10 0.33
ACP (B 0 (1700) K + ) = 0.4 0.6
ACP (B 0 K + 0 nonresonant) = 0.10 0.18
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) = 0.01 0.05
ACP (B 0 K (892)+ ) = 0.22 0.06
ACP (B 0 (K )+
0 ) = 0.09 0.07
0 0 0
ACP (B (K )0 ) = 0.15 0.11
ACP (B 0 K 0 0 ) = 0.15 0.13
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 + ) = 0.07 0.05
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 0 ) = 0.06 0.09
ACP (B 0 K 0 f0 (980)) = 0.07 0.10
ACP (B 0 K + ) = 0.21 0.15
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 K + K ) = 0.01 0.05
ACP (B 0 a +
1 K ) = 0.16 0.12
ACP (B 0 K 0 K 0 ) = 0.6 0.7
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.00 0.04
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 K + ) = 0.2 0.4
ACP (B 0 (K )0 0 ) = 0.12 0.08
ACP (B K 2 (1430)0 ) = 0.11 0.10
0

ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.002 0.015


ACP (B 0 K 2 (1430)0 ) = 0.08 0.15
ACP (B 0 + ) = 0.13 0.06 (S = 1.1)
ACP (B 0 + ) = 0.08 0.08
ACP (B 0 a1 (1260) ) = 0.07 0.06
ACP (B 0 b +
1 ) = 0.05 0.10
ACP (B 0 p p K (892)0 ) = 0.05 0.12
ACP (B 0 p ) = 0.04 0.07
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) = 0.05 0.10
ACP (B 0 K 0 e + e ) = 0.21 0.19
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) = 0.034 0.024
CD D + (B 0 D (2010) D + ) = 0.01 0.11
SD D + (B 0 D (2010) D + ) = 0.72 0.15
CD + D (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) = 0.00 0.13 (S = 1.3)
SD + D (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) = 0.73 0.14

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CD + D (B 0 D + D ) = 0.01 0.09 (S = 1.6)


SD + D (B 0 D + D ) = 0.59 0.14 (S = 1.8)
C+ (B 0 D + D ) = 0.00 0.10 (S = 1.6)
S+ (B 0 D + D ) = 0.73 0.09
C (B 0 D + D ) = 0.19 0.31
S (B 0 D + D ) = 0.1 1.6 (S = 3.5)
C (B 0 D (2010)+ D (2010) K 0S ) = 0.01 0.29
S (B 0 D (2010)+ D (2010) K 0S ) = 0.1 0.4
CD + D (B 0 D + D ) = 0.46 0.21 (S = 1.8)
SD + D (B 0 D + D ) = 0.99 + 0.17
0.14
CJ/(1S) 0 (B 0 J/(1S) 0 ) = 0.13 0.13
SJ/(1S) 0 (B 0 J/(1S)
J/(1S) 0 ) = 0.94 0.29 (S = 1.9)
C(B 0 J/(1S)0 ) = 0.06 0.06
S(B 0 J/(1S)0 ) = 0.66 + 0.16
0.12
()
C () (B 0 D CP h0 ) = 0.23 0.16
D CP h0
()
S () (B 0 D CP h0 ) = 0.56 0.24
D CP h0
CK 0 0 (B 0 K 0 0 ) = 0.00 0.13 (S = 1.4)
SK 0 0 (B 0 K 0 0 ) = 0.58 0.17
C (958) K 0 (B 0 (958)K 0S ) = 0.04 0.20 (S = 2.5)
S
S (958) K 0 (B 0 (958)K 0S ) = 0.43 0.17 (S = 1.5)
S
C K 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.06 0.04
S K 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.63 0.06
C K 0 (B 0 K 0S ) = 0.0 0.4 (S = 3.0)
S
S K 0 (B 0 K 0S ) = 0.70 0.21
S
C (B 0 K 0S 0 0 ) = 0.2 0.5
S (B 0 K 0S 0 0 ) = 0.7 0.7
C0 K 0 (B 0 0 K 0S ) = 0.04 0.20
S
S0 K 0 (B 0 0 K 0S ) = 0.50 + 0.17
0.21
S
Cf 0 (B 0 f0 (980)K 0S ) = 0.29 0.20
0 KS
Sf 0 (B 0 f0 (980)K 0S ) = 0.50 0.16
0 KS
Sf 0 (B 0 f2 (1270)K 0S ) = 0.5 0.5
2 KS
Cf 0 (B 0 f2 (1270)K 0S ) = 0.3 0.4
2 KS
Sf 0 (B 0 fx (1300)K 0S ) = 0.2 0.5
x KS
Cf 0 (B 0 fx (1300)K 0S ) = 0.13 0.35
x KS

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SK 0 + (B 0 K 0 + nonresonant) = 0.01 0.33


CK 0 + (B 0 K 0 + nonresonant) = 0.01 0.26
CK 0 K 0 (B 0 K 0S K 0S ) = 0.0 0.4 (S = 1.4)
S S
SK 0 K 0 (B 0 K 0S K 0S ) = 0.8 0.5
S S
CK + K K 0 (B 0 K + K K 0S nonresonant) = 0.06 0.08
S
SK + K K 0 (B 0 K + K K S0 nonresonant) = 0.66 0.11
S
CK + K K 0 (B 0 K + K K 0S inclusive) = 0.01 0.09
S
SK + K K 0 (B 0 K + K K 0S inclusive) = 0.65 0.12
S
C K 0 (B 0 K 0S ) = 0.01 0.14
S
S K 0 (B 0 K 0S ) = 0.59 0.14
S
CKS KS KS (B 0 KS KS KS ) = 0.23 0.14
SKS KS KS (B 0 KS KS KS ) = 0.5 0.6 (S = 3.0)
CK 0 0 (B 0 K 0S 0 ) = 0.36 0.33
S
SK 0 0 (B 0 K 0S 0 ) = 0.8 0.6
S
CK 0 (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.04 0.16 (S = 1.2)
SK 0 (B 0 K (892)0 ) = 0.15 0.22
C K 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.3 0.4
S K 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.2 0.5
CK 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.3 0.6
SK 0 (B 0 K 0 ) = 0.7 + 0.7
1.1
C(B 0 K 0S 0 ) = 0.05 0.19
S(B 0 K 0S 0 ) = 0.11 0.34
C (B 0 0 ) = 0.4 0.5
S (B 0 0 ) = 0.8 0.7
C (B 0 + ) = 0.31 0.05
S (B 0 + ) = 0.67 0.06
C 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) = 0.43 0.24
C (B 0 + ) = 0.03 0.07 (S = 1.2)
S (B 0 + ) = 0.05 0.07
C (B 0 + ) = 0.27 0.06
S (B 0 + ) = 0.01 0.08
C0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) = 0.27 0.24
S0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) = 0.23 0.34
Ca1 (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) = 0.05 0.11
Sa1 (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) = 0.2 0.4 (S = 3.2)
Ca1 (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) = 0.43 0.14 (S = 1.3)

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Sa1 (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) = 0.11 0.12


C (B 0 b +
1 K ) = 0.22 0.24
C (B 0 b +
1 ) = 1.04 0.24
C0 0 (B 0 ) = 0.2 0.9
0 0

S0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) = 0.3 0.7
C (B 0 + ) = 0.05 0.13
0 +
S (B0 ) = 00.06 0.17
(B J/ K (892) ) < 0.25, CL = 95%
cos 2 (B 0 J/ K (892)0 ) = 1.7 + 0.7
0.9 (S = 1.6)
cos 2 (B 0 [ K 0S + ]D () h0 ) = 1.0 + 0.6
0.7 (S = 1.8)
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.039 0.011
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.009 0.015
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.046 0.023
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.022 0.021
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.024 0.032
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) = 0.10 0.06
C K 0 (B 0 c K 0S ) = 0.08 0.13
c S
S 0 (B 0 c K 0S ) = 0.93 0.17
c KS
Cc c K ()0 (B 0 c c K ()0 ) = (0.5 1.7) 102
sin(2) = 0.682 0.019
CJ/(nS) K 0 (B 0 J/(nS)K 0 ) = (0.5 2.0) 102
SJ/(nS) K 0 (B 0 J/(nS) K 0 ) = 0.676 0.021
CJ/ K 0 (B 0 J/ K 0 ) = 0.03 0.10
SJ/ K 0 (B 0 J/ K 0 ) = 0.60 0.25
C 0 (B 0 c0 K 0S ) = 0.3 + 0.5
0.4
c0 K S
S 0 (B 0 c0 K 0S ) = 0.7 0.5
c0 K S
C 0 (B 0 c1 K 0S ) = 0.06 0.07
c1 K S
S 0 (B 0 c1 K 0S ) = 0.63 0.10
c1 K S
sin(2eff )(B 0 K 0 ) = 0.22 0.30
sin(2eff )(B 0 K0 (1430)0 ) = 0.97 + 0.03
0.52
sin(2eff )(B 0 K + K K 0S ) = 0.77 + 0.13
0.12
sin(2eff )(B 0 [ K 0S + ]D () h0 ) = 0.45 0.28
2eff (B 0 J/ 0 ) = (42 + 10
11 )
0
(B [ K 0 + ] () h0 ) = 1.01 0.08
S D
sin(2 + ) > 0.40, CL = 90%
2 + = (83 60)
(B 0 D 0 K 0 ) = (162 60)
= (91 6)

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B 0 modes are charge conjugates of the modes below. Reactions indicate


the weak decay vertex and do not include mixing. Modes which do not
identify the charge state of the B are listed in the B /B 0 ADMIXTURE
section.

The branching fractions listed below assume 50% B 0 B 0 and 50% B + B


production at the (4S). We have attempted to bring older measurements
up to date by rescaling their assumed (4S) production ratio to 50:50
and their assumed D, Ds , D , and branching ratios to current values
whenever this would affect our averages and best limits significantly.

Indentation is used to indicate a subchannel of a previous reaction. All


resonant subchannels have been corrected for resonance branching frac-
tions to the final state so the sum of the subchannel branching fractions
can exceed that of the final state.

For inclusive branching fractions, e.g., B D anything, the values


usually are multiplicities, not branching fractions. They can be greater
than one.

Scale factor/ p
B 0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ anything [sss] ( 10.33 0.28) %


e + e Xc ( 10.1 0.4 ) %
D + anything ( 9.2 0.8 ) %
D + [sss] ( 2.19 0.12) % 2309
D + ( 1.03 0.22) % 1909
D (2010) + [sss] ( 4.93 0.11) % 2257
D (2010) + ( 1.84 0.22) % 1837
D 0 + ( 4.3 0.6 ) 103 2308
D 0 (2400) + , D
0 ( 3.0 1.2 ) 103 S=1.8
0
D
D 2 (2460) + , D
2 ( 1.21 0.33) 103 S=1.8 2065
0
D
D () n + (n 1) ( 2.3 0.5 ) %
D 0 + ( 4.9 0.8 ) 103 2256
D1 (2420) + , D 1 ( 2.80 0.28) 103
0
D
D 1 (2430) + , D
1 ( 3.1 0.9 ) 103
0
D
D 2 (2460) + , D
2 ( 6.8 1.2 ) 104 2065
0
D
+ [sss] ( 2.94 0.21) 104 2583
+ [sss] ( 1.45 0.05) 104 2638

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Inclusive modes
K anything ( 78 8 )%
D0 X ( 8.1 1.5 ) %
D0 X ( 47.4 2.8 ) %
D+ X < 3.9 % CL=90%
D X ( 36.9 3.3 ) %
D+
s X ( 10.3 + 2.1
1.8 ) %
Ds X < 2.6 % CL=90%
+
c X < 3.1 % CL=90%

c X ( 5.0 + 2.1
1.5 ) %
cX ( 95 5 ) %
cX ( 24.6 3.1 ) %
ccX (119 6 )%
D, D , or Ds modes
D + ( 2.68 0.13) 103 2306
D + ( 7.5 1.2 ) 103 2235
D K 0 + ( 4.9 0.9 ) 104 2259
D K (892)+ ( 4.5 0.7 ) 104 2211
D + ( 2.8 0.6 ) 103 2204
D K + ( 1.97 0.21) 104 2279
D K + + ( 3.8 0.9 ) 104 2236
D K + K 0 < 3.1 104 CL=90% 2188
D K + K (892)0 ( 8.8 1.9 ) 104 2070
D 0 + ( 8.4 0.9 ) 104 2301
D (2010) + ( 2.76 0.13) 103 2255
D0 K + K ( 4.7 1.2 ) 105 2191
D + + ( 6.4 0.7 ) 103 2287
( D + + ) nonresonant ( 3.9 1.9 ) 103 2287
D + 0 ( 1.1 1.0 ) 103 2206
D a1 (1260)+ ( 6.0 3.3 ) 103 2121
D (2010) + 0
( 1.5 0.5 ) % 2248
D (2010) + ( 6.8 0.9 ) 103 2180
D (2010) K + ( 2.14 0.16) 104 2226
D (2010) K 0 + ( 3.0 0.8 ) 104 2205
D (2010) K (892)+ ( 3.3 0.6 ) 104 2155
D (2010) K + K 0
< 4.7 104 CL=90% 2131
D (2010) K + K (892)0 ( 1.29 0.33) 103 2007
D (2010) + + ( 7.0 0.8 ) 103 S=1.3 2235
( D (2010) + + ) non- ( 0.0 2.5 ) 103 2235
resonant
D (2010) + 0 ( 5.7 3.2 ) 103 2150
D (2010) a1 (1260)+ ( 1.30 0.27) % 2061

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D 1 (2420)0 + , D 01 ( 1.4 0.4 ) 104


D +
D (2010) K + +
( 4.5 0.7 ) 104 2181
D (2010) + + 0 ( 1.76 0.27) % 2218
D 3 + 2 ( 4.7 0.9 ) 103 2195
D (2010) + ( 2.89 0.30) 103 2148
D1 (2430)0 ( 4.1 1.6 ) 104 1992
B(D1 (2430)0
D + )
D + [xxx] ( 2.1 1.0 ) 103
D1 (2420) + B(D
1 ( 1.00 + 0.21
0.25 ) 10
4
+
D )
D1 (2420) + B(D
1 < 3.3 105 CL=90%

D )+
D 2 (2460) +
( 2.15 0.35) 104 2062
B(D2 (2460) D 0 )
D 0 (2400) +
( 6.0 3.0 ) 105 2090
B(D0 (2400) D 0 )
D2 (2460) + B((D2 ) < 2.4 105 CL=90%
D + )
D 2 (2460) + < 4.9 103 CL=90% 1975
D0 D0 ( 1.4 0.7 ) 105 1868
D 0 D 0 < 2.9 104 CL=90% 1794
D D+ ( 2.11 0.18) 104 1864
D D (CP-averaged) ( 6.1 0.6 ) 104
D D+ s ( 7.2 0.8 ) 103 1812
D (2010) D + s ( 8.0 1.1 ) 103 1735
D D +
s ( 7.4 1.6 ) 103 1732
D (2010) D +s ( 1.77 0.14) % 1649
Ds0 (2317) K + ( 4.2 1.4 ) 105 2097
B(Ds0 (2317) D 0
s )
Ds0 (2317) + < 2.5 105 CL=90% 2128
B(Ds0 (2317) D 0
s )
DsJ (2457) K + < 9.4 106 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457) D 0
s )
DsJ (2457) + < 4.0 106 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457) D 0
s )
D s Ds
+
< 3.6 105 CL=90% 1759
D
s Ds
+
< 1.3 104 CL=90% 1675
D
s Ds
+
< 2.4 104 CL=90% 1583

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Ds0 (2317)+ D ( 9.7 + 4.0


3.3 ) 10
4 S=1.5 1602
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D + 0
s )
Ds0 (2317)+ D < 9.5 104 CL=90%
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D +
s )
+
Ds0 (2317) D (2010) ( 1.5 0.6 ) 103 1509
B(Ds0 (2317)+ D + 0
s )
DsJ (2457)+ D ( 3.5 1.1 ) 103
DsJ (2457)+ D ( 6.5 + 1.7
1.4 ) 10
4
B(DsJ (2457)+ D + s )
+
DsJ (2457) D < 6.0 104 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457)+ D +s )
+
DsJ (2457) D < 2.0 104 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457)+
D+ +
s )
DsJ (2457)+ D < 3.6 104 CL=90%
B(DsJ (2457)+ D + 0
s )
D (2010) DsJ (2457)+ ( 9.3 2.2 ) 103
DsJ (2457)+ D (2010) ( 2.3 + 0.9
0.7 ) 10
3
B(DsJ (2457)+ D + s )

D Ds1 (2536) + ( 2.8 0.7 ) 104 1444
B(Ds1 (2536)+ D 0 K +
+ D + K 0 )
D Ds1 (2536)+ ( 1.7 0.6 ) 104 1444
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D 0 K + )
D Ds1 (2536)+
( 2.6 1.1 ) 104 1444
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D + K 0 )
D (2010) Ds1 (2536)+ ( 5.0 1.4 ) 104 1336
B(Ds1 (2536)+ D 0 K +
+ D + K 0 )
D (2010) Ds1 (2536)+ ( 3.3 1.1 ) 104 1336
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D 0 K + )
D Ds1 (2536)+ ( 5.0 1.7 ) 104 1336
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D + K 0 )
D DsJ (2573)+ , D +

sJ ( 3.4 1.8 ) 105 1414
0
D K +
D (2010) DsJ (2573)+ , < 2 104 CL=90% 1304
D+sJ D K
0 +

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D DsJ (2700)+ , D +
sJ ( 7.1 1.2 ) 104
0
D K +
D + ( 7.8 1.4 ) 107 2306
D+s
( 2.16 0.26) 105 2270
D +
s
( 2.1 0.4 ) 105 S=1.4 2215
D+s
< 2.4 105 CL=90% 2197
D +
s
( 4.1 1.3 ) 105 2138
D+
s a0 < 1.9 105 CL=90%
D +
s a0

< 3.6 105 CL=90%
D+s a1 (1260)
< 2.1 103 CL=90% 2080
D +
s a1 (1260)
< 1.7 103 CL=90% 2015
D+
s a2 < 1.9 104 CL=90%
D +
s a2

< 2.0 104 CL=90%
Ds K
+ ( 2.2 0.5 ) 105 S=1.8 2242
D
s K
+ ( 2.19 0.30) 105 2185
D
s K (892)
+ ( 3.5 1.0 ) 105 2172

D
s K (892)
+ ( 3.2 + 1.5
1.3 ) 10
5 2112

D s K
+ 0 ( 9.7 1.4 ) 105 2222
D
s K
+ 0 < 1.10 104 CL=90% 2164
D + +
s K ( 1.8 0.5 ) 104 2198
D +
s K (892)
0 < 3.0 103 CL=90% 2138
D +
s K (892)
0 < 1.6 103 CL=90% 2076
D0 K 0 ( 5.2 0.7 ) 105 2280
D 0 K + ( 8.8 1.7 ) 105 2261
D 0 K (892)0 ( 4.2 0.6 ) 105 2213
D 2 (2460) K + ( 1.8 0.5 ) 105 2029
B(D 2 (2460) D 0 )
D 0 K + non-resonant < 3.7 105 CL=90%
[ K + K ]D K (892)0 ( 4.5 1.0 ) 105
[ + ]D K (892)0 ( 5.1 1.4 ) 105
D 0 0 ( 2.63 0.14) 104 2308
D 0 0 ( 3.2 0.5 ) 104 2237
D 0 f2 ( 1.2 0.4 ) 104
D0 ( 2.36 0.32) 104 S=2.5 2274
D 0 ( 1.38 0.16) 104 S=1.3 2198
D0 ( 2.53 0.16) 104 2235
D0 < 1.16 105 CL=90% 2183
D 0 K + ( 5.3 3.2 ) 106 2261
D 0 K (892)0 < 1.1 105 CL=90% 2213
D 0 < 2.5 105 CL=90% 2258
D (2007)0 0 ( 2.2 0.6 ) 104 S=2.6 2256

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D (2007)0 0 < 5.1 104 CL=90% 2182


D (2007)0 ( 2.3 0.6 ) 104 S=2.8 2220
D (2007)0 ( 1.40 0.22) 104 2141
D (2007)0 + ( 6.2 2.2 ) 104 2248
D (2007)0 K 0 ( 3.6 1.2 ) 105 2227
D (2007)0 K (892)0 < 6.9 105 CL=90% 2157
D (2007)0 K (892)0 < 4.0 105 CL=90% 2157
D (2007)0 + + ( 2.7 0.5 ) 103 2219
D (2010)+ D (2010) ( 8.0 0.6 ) 104 1711
D (2007)0 ( 3.6 1.1 ) 104 S=3.1 2180
D (2010)+ D ( 6.1 1.5 ) 104 S=1.6 1790
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 < 9 105 CL=90% 1715
D D0 K + ( 1.07 0.11) 103 1574
D D (2007)0 K + ( 3.5 0.4 ) 103 1478
D (2010) D 0 K + ( 2.47 0.21) 103 1479
D (2010) D (2007)0 K + ( 1.06 0.09) % 1366
D D+ K 0 ( 7.5 1.7 ) 104 1568
D (2010) D + K 0 + ( 6.4 0.5 ) 103 1473
D D (2010)+ K 0
D (2010) D (2010)+ K 0 ( 8.1 0.7 ) 103 1360
D Ds1 (2536)+ ( 8.0 2.4 ) 104 1336
B(Ds1 (2536)+
D + K 0 )
D0 D0 K 0 ( 2.7 1.1 ) 104 1574
D 0 D (2007)0 K 0 + ( 1.1 0.5 ) 103 1478
D (2007)0 D 0 K 0
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 K 0 ( 2.4 0.9 ) 103 1365
( D +D )( D +D ) K ( 3.68 0.26) %
Charmonium modes
c K 0 ( 8.0 1.2 ) 104 1751

c K (892) 0 ( 6.3 0.9 ) 104 1646
c (2S)K 0 < 3.9 104 CL=90% 1157
hc (1P)K 0 < 4 104 CL=90% 1253
J/(1S)K 0 ( 8.73 0.32) 104 1683
J/(1S)K + ( 1.2 0.6 ) 103 1652

J/(1S)K (892) 0 ( 1.32 0.06) 103 1571
J/(1S) K 0S ( 5.4 0.9 ) 105 1508
J/(1S) K 0S < 2.5 105 CL=90% 1271
J/(1S) K 0 ( 4.9 1.0 ) 105 S=1.3 1224
J/(1S) K 0 ( 2.3 0.4 ) 104 1386
X (3872)K 0 B(X ( 6.0 3.2 ) 106 1140
J/ )
c0 (3915), c0 J/ ( 2.1 0.9 ) 105 1102

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J/(1S)K (1270)0 ( 1.3 0.5 ) 103 1390


J/(1S) 0 ( 1.76 0.16) 105 S=1.1 1728
J/(1S) ( 1.07 0.24) 105 S=1.5 1672
J/(1S) + ( 4.03 0.18) 105 1716
J/(1S) + nonresonant < 1.2 105 CL=90% 1716
J/(1S)f0 (500), f0 ( 8.1 +

1.1
0.9 ) 10
6
J/(1S)f2 ( 3.3 +

0.5
0.6 ) 10
6 S=1.6
J/(1S)0 ( 2.54 0.14) 105 1612
J/(1S)f0 (980), f0 < 1.1 106 CL=90%
+
J/(1S)(1450)0 , 0 ( 3.0 + 1.6
0.7 ) 10
6

J/ (1700)0 , 0 + ( 2.0 1.3 ) 106
J/(1S) ( 1.8 + 0.7
0.5 ) 10
5 1609
J/(1S)K + K ( 2.6 0.4 ) 106 1533
J/(1S)a0 (980), a0 ( 4.7 3.4 ) 107
K+K
J/(1S) < 1.9 107 CL=90% 1520
J/(1S) (958) ( 7.6 2.4 ) 106 1546
J/(1S)K 0 + ( 4.4 0.4 ) 104 1611
J/(1S)K 0 K + + c.c. < 2.1 105 CL=90% 1467
J/(1S)K 0 K + K ( 2.5 0.7 ) 105 S=1.8 1249

Charmonium modes
J/(1S)K 0 0 ( 5.4 3.0 ) 104 1390

J/(1S)K (892) + ( 8 4 ) 104 1514
J/(1S) + + ( 1.45 0.13) 105 1670
J/(1S)f1 (1285) ( 8.4 2.1 ) 106 1385
0
J/(1S)K (892) + ( 6.6 2.2 ) 104 1447

X (3872) K + < 5 104 CL=90%
+
X (3872) K , X (3872) [yyy ] < 4.2 106 CL=90%
J/(1S) 0
X (3872)K 0 B(X ( 4.3 1.3 ) 106 1140
+
J/ )
X (3872)K 0 B(X J/ ) < 2.4 106 CL=90% 1140
0
X (3872)K (892) B(X < 2.8 106 CL=90% 940
J/ )
X (3872)K 0 B(X < 6.62 106 CL=90% 1140
(2S))
X (3872)K (892)0 B(X < 4.4 106 CL=90% 940
(2S))
X (3872)K 0 B(X ( 1.7 0.8 ) 104 1140
0 0
D D ) 0

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X (3872)K 0 B(X D 0 D 0 ) ( 1.2 0.4 ) 104 1140


X (3872)K + , X ( 7.9 1.4 ) 106
J/ +
X (3872)K (982)0 , X ( 4.0 1.5 ) 106
J/ +
X (4430) K B(X ( 6.0 + 3.0
2.4 ) 10
5 583
(2S) )
X (4430) K B(X < 4 106 CL=95% 583
J/ )
J/(1S)p p < 5.2 107 CL=90% 862
J/(1S) < 1.6 106 CL=90% 1732
J/(1S)D 0 < 1.3 105 CL=90% 877
(2S)K 0 ( 5.8 0.5 ) 104 1283
(3770)K 0 B( D 0 D 0 ) < 1.23 104 CL=90% 1217
(3770)K 0 B( D D + ) < 1.88 104 CL=90% 1217
(2S) + ( 2.3 0.4 ) 105 1331
(2S)K + ( 5.8 0.4 ) 104 1239
(2S)K (892)0 ( 5.9 0.4 ) 104 1116
c0 K 0 ( 1.47 0.27) 104 1477
c0 K (892)0 ( 1.7 0.4 ) 104 1342
c2 K 0 < 1.5 105 CL=90% 1379
c2 K (892)0 ( 5.0 1.2 ) 105 S=1.1 1228
c1 0 ( 1.12 0.28) 105 1468
c1 K 0 ( 3.93 0.27) 104 1411
c1 K + ( 3.8 0.4 ) 104 1371
c1 K (892)0 ( 2.42 0.21) 104 S=1.3 1265
X (4051)+ K B(X + ( 3.0 + 4.0
1.8 ) 10
5
c1 + )
X (4248)+ K B(X + ( 4.0 + 20.0
1.0 ) 10
5
c1 + )

K or K modes
K + ( 1.96 0.05) 105 2615
K 0 0 ( 9.9 0.5 ) 106 2615
K 0 ( 6.6 0.4 ) 105 S=1.4 2528
K (892)0 ( 2.8 0.6 ) 106 2472
K 0 (1430)0 ( 6.3 1.6 ) 106 2346
K 2 (1430)0 ( 1.37 0.32) 105 2346

K0 ( 1.23 + 0.27
0.24 ) 10
6 2587
K (892)0 ( 1.59 0.10) 105 2534
K 0 (1430)0 ( 1.10 0.22) 105 2415
K 2 (1430)0 ( 9.6 2.1 ) 106 2414
K0 ( 4.8 0.4 ) 106 2557

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a0 (980)0 K 0 B(a0 (980)0 < 7.8 106 CL=90%


0)
b1 K 0 B(b01 0 )
0 < 7.8 106 CL=90%
a0 (980) K B(a0 (980) < 1.9 106 CL=90%
)
b1 K B(b
+
1 )
( 7.4 1.4 ) 106
b01 K 0 B(b01 0 ) < 8.0 106 CL=90%
b1 K
+ B(b )
1 < 5.0 106 CL=90%
a0 (1450) K < 3.1 106 CL=90%
B(a0 (1450) )
K 0S X 0 (Familon) < 5.3 105 CL=90%
K (892)0 ( 2.0 0.5 ) 106 2503
(K )0 0 ( 1.84 0.25) 105
K 0 (1430)0 ( 1.60 0.34) 105 2380
K 2 (1430)0 ( 1.01 0.23) 105 2380
K + nonresonant ( 5.1 1.0 ) 106 2542
K + 0 ( 3.78 0.32) 105 2609
K + ( 7.0 0.9 ) 106 2559
K + (1450) ( 2.4 1.2 ) 106
K + (1700) ( 6 7 ) 107
( K + 0 ) non-resonant ( 2.8 0.6 ) 106
(K )+
0 B((K )0
+
( 3.4 0.5 ) 105
K + 0)
(K )0 0
0 B((K )0
0 ( 8.6 1.7 ) 106
K + )
K 2 (1430)0 0 < 4.0 106 CL=90% 2445
K (1680)0 0 < 7.5 106 CL=90% 2358
K 0
x
0 [bbaa] ( 6.1 1.6 ) 106
0
K + ( 5.20 0.24) 105 S=1.3 2609
K 0 + non-resonant ( + 0.40
1.47 0.26 ) 105 S=2.1
K 0 0 ( 4.7 0.6 ) 106 2558
K (892)+ ( 8.4 0.8 ) 106 2563
K 0 (1430)+ ( 3.3 0.7 ) 105 S=2.0
K +
x
[bbaa] ( 5.1 1.6 ) 106

K (1410) + < 3.8 106 CL=90%
B(K (1410)+ K 0 + )
f0 (980)K 0 B(f0 (980) ( 7.0 0.9 ) 106 2522
+ )
f2 (1270)K 0 ( 2.7 + 1.3
1.2 ) 10
6 2459
fx (1300)K 0 B(fx ( 1.8 0.7 ) 106
+ )

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K (892)0 0 ( 3.3 0.6 ) 106 2563


K 2 (1430)+ < 6 106 CL=90% 2445
K (1680)+ < 1.0 105 CL=90% 2358
K + + [ccaa] < 2.3 104 CL=90% 2600
0 K + ( 2.8 0.7 ) 106 2543
f0 (980)K + , f0 ( 1.4 + 0.5
0.6 ) 10
6 2506
K + + nonresonant < 2.1 106 CL=90% 2600
K (892)0 + ( 5.5 0.5 ) 105 2557
K (892)0 0 ( 3.9 1.3 ) 106 S=1.9 2504
K (892)0 f0 (980), f0 ( 3.9 + 2.1
1.8 ) 10
6 S=3.9 2466
K1 (1270)+ < 3.0 105 CL=90% 2484
K1 (1400)+ < 2.7 105 CL=90% 2451
a1 (1260) K + [ccaa] ( 1.6 0.4 ) 105 2471
K (892)+ ( 1.03 0.26) 105 2504
K 0 (1430)+ ( 2.8 1.2 ) 105
K1 (1400)0 0 < 3.0 103 CL=90% 2388
K 0 (1430)0 0 ( 2.7 0.6 ) 105 2381
K 0 (1430)0 f0 (980), f0 ( 2.7 0.9 ) 106
K 2 (1430)0 f0 (980), f0 ( 8.6 2.0 ) 106
K+K ( 1.3 0.5 ) 107 2593
K0K0 ( 1.21 0.16) 106 2592
K 0 K + ( 6.5 0.8 ) 106 2578
K (892) K < 4 107 CL=90% 2540
K 0 K 0 + K 0 K 0 < 1.9 106
K + K 0 ( 2.2 0.6 ) 106 2579
K 0S K 0S 0 < 9 107 CL=90% 2578
K 0S K 0S < 1.0 106 CL=90% 2515
K 0S K 0S < 2.0 106 CL=90% 2452
K0K+K ( 2.49 0.31) 105 S=3.0 2522
K0 ( 7.3 0.7 ) 106 2516
f0 (980)K 0 , f0 K + K ( 7.0 + 3.5
3.0 ) 10
6
f0 (1500)K 0 ( 1.3 + 0.7
0.5 ) 10
5 2398

f 2 (1525)0 K 0 ( 3 + 5
4 ) 10
7
f0 (1710)K 0 ,
f0 K+K ( 4.4 0.9 ) 106
0 +
K K K nonresonant ( 3.3 1.0 ) 105 2522
K S K 0S K 0S
0 ( 6.0 0.5 ) 106 S=1.1 2521
f0 (980)K 0 , f0 K 0S K 0S ( 2.7 1.8 ) 106
f0 (1710)K 0 , f0 K 0S K 0S ( 5.0 + 5.0
2.6 ) 10
7
f0 (2010)K 0 ,
f0 K 0S K 0S ( 5 6 ) 107
0 0 0
K S K S K S nonresonant ( 1.33 0.31) 105 2521

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K 0S K 0S K 0L < 1.6 105 CL=90% 2521


K (892)0 K + K ( 2.75 0.26) 105 2467
K (892)0 ( 1.00 0.05) 105 2460
K K + nonresonant
+ < 7.17 105 CL=90% 2559
K (892)0 K + ( 4.5 1.3 ) 106 2524
K (892)0 K (892)0 ( 8 5 ) 107 S=2.2 2485
K + K + nonresonant < 6.0 106 CL=90% 2559
K (892)0 K + < 2.2 106 CL=90% 2524
K (892)0 K (892)0 < 2 107 CL=90% 2485
K (892)+ K (892) < 2.0 106 CL=90% 2485
K1 (1400)0 < 5.0 103 CL=90% 2339
(K )0 0 ( 4.3 0.4 ) 106
(K )0 0 (1.60<m K <2.15)[ddaa] < 1.7 106 CL=90%
K 0 (1430)0 K +
< 3.18 105 CL=90% 2403
K 0 (1430)0 K (892)0 < 3.3 106 CL=90% 2360
K 0 (1430)0 K 0 (1430)0 < 8.4 106 CL=90% 2222
K 0 (1430)0 ( 3.9 0.8 ) 106 2333
K 0 (1430)0 K (892)0 < 1.7 106 CL=90% 2360
K 0 (1430)0 K 0 (1430)0 < 4.7 106 CL=90% 2222
K (1680)0 < 3.5 106 CL=90% 2238
K (1780)0 < 2.7 106 CL=90%
K (2045)0 < 1.53 105 CL=90%
K 2 (1430)0 0 < 1.1 103 CL=90% 2381
K 2 (1430)0 ( 6.8 0.9 ) 106 S=1.2 2333
K0 ( 4.5 0.9 ) 106 2305
K 0 < 3.1 105 CL=90% 2337
K0 ( 7.6 1.8 ) 106 2587
K 0 < 6.4 106 CL=90% 2528
K0 ( 2.7 0.7 ) 106 2516
K + ( 4.6 1.4 ) 106 2615
K (892)0 ( 4.33 0.15) 105 2565
K (1410) < 1.3 104 CL=90% 2451
K + nonresonant < 2.6 106 CL=90% 2615
K (892)0 X (214) B(X
[eeaa] < 2.26 108 CL=90%
+ )
K 0 + ( 1.95 0.22) 105 2609
K + 0 ( 4.1 0.4 ) 105 2609
K1 (1270)0 < 5.8 105 CL=90% 2486
K1 (1400)0 < 1.2 105 CL=90% 2454
K 2 (1430)0 ( 1.24 0.24) 105 2447
K (1680)0 < 2.0 103 CL=90% 2361
K 3 (1780)0 < 8.3 105 CL=90% 2341
K 4 (2045)0 < 4.3 103 CL=90% 2244

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Light unflavored meson modes


0 ( 8.6 1.5 ) 107 2583
0 X (214) B(X + ) [eeaa] < 1.73 108 CL=90%
( 4.4 + 1.8
1.6 ) 10
7 2582
< 8.5 107 CL=90% 2541
+ ( 5.12 0.19) 106 2636
0 0 ( 1.91 0.22) 106 2636
0 < 1.5 106 CL=90% 2610
< 1.0 106 CL=90% 2582
0 ( 1.2 0.6 ) 106 S=1.7 2551
< 1.7 106 CL=90% 2460
< 1.2 106 CL=90% 2523
0 < 1.3 106 CL=90% 2492
f0 (980) B(f0 (980) < 9 107 CL=90% 2454
+ )
0 < 1.5 106 CL=90% 2553
f0 (980) B(f0 (980) < 4 107 CL=90% 2516
+ )
( 9.4 + 4.0
3.1 ) 10
7 2552

( 1.0 + 0.5
0.4 ) 10
6 2491
0 < 1.6 106 CL=90% 2522
f0 (980) B(f0 (980) < 1.5 106 CL=90% 2485
+ )
( 1.2 0.4 ) 106 2521
0 < 1.5 107 CL=90% 2540
< 5 107 CL=90% 2511
< 5 107 CL=90% 2448
0 < 3.3 107 CL=90% 2480
f0 (980) B(f0 + ) < 3.8 107 CL=90% 2441
< 7 107 CL=90% 2479
< 2 107 CL=90% 2435
a0 (980) B(a0 (980) < 3.1 106 CL=90%
)
a0 (1450) < 2.3 106 CL=90%
B(a0 (1450) )
+ 0 < 7.2 104 CL=90% 2631
0 0 ( 2.0 0.5 ) 106 2581
[gg ] ( 2.30 0.23) 105 2581
+
+ < 1.12 105 CL=90% 2621
0 + < 8.8 106 CL=90% 2575
0 0 ( 9.7 2.4 ) 107 2523
f0 (980) + , f0 < 3.0 106 CL=90%
+
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0 f0 (980) B(f0 (980) ( 7.8 2.5 ) 107 2486


+ )
f0 (980)f0 (980) < 1.9 107 CL=90% 2447
B2 (f0 (980) + )
f0 (980)f0 (980) B(f0 < 2.3 107 CL=90% 2447
+ ) B(f0 K + K )
a1 (1260) [gg ] ( 2.6 0.5 ) 105 S=1.9 2494
a2 (1320) [gg ] < 6.3 106 CL=90% 2473
+ 0 0 < 3.1 103 CL=90% 2622
+ ( 2.42 0.31) 105 2523
a1 (1260)0 0 < 1.1 103 CL=90% 2495
0 < 5 107 CL=90% 2580
+ 0
+ < 9.0 103 CL=90% 2609
a1 (1260)+ < 6.1 105 CL=90% 2433
a1 (1260)0 0 < 2.4 103 CL=90% 2433
b
1 B(b1 )
( 1.09 0.15) 105
b01 0 B(b01 0 ) < 1.9 106 CL=90%
b +
1 B(b1 )
< 1.4 106 CL=90%
b01 0 B(b01 0 ) < 3.4 106 CL=90%
+ + + < 3.0 103 CL=90% 2592
a1 (1260)+ a1 (1260) ( 1.18 0.31) 105 2336
B2 (a+ +
1 2 )
+ + + 0 < 1.1 % CL=90% 2572

Baryon modes
pp ( 1.5 + 0.7
0.5 ) 10
8 2467
p p + < 2.5 104 CL=90% 2406
ppK0 ( 2.66 0.32) 106 2347
(1540)+ p, + p K 0S [ffaa] < 5 108 CL=90% 2318
fJ (2220)K 0 , fJ p p < 4.5 107 CL=90% 2135
p p K (892)0 ( 1.24 + 0.28
0.25 ) 10
6 2216
fJ (2220)K 0 , fJ p p < 1.5 107 CL=90%
p ( 3.14 0.29) 106 2401
p < 6.5 107 CL=90% 2401
p (1385) < 2.6 107 CL=90% 2363
0 < 9.3 107 CL=90% 2364
p K < 8.2 107 CL=90% 2308
p 0 < 3.8 106 CL=90% 2383
< 3.2 107 CL=90% 2392
K0 ( 4.8 + 1.0
0.9 ) 10
6 2250

K 0 ( 2.5 + 0.9
0.8 ) 10
6 2098

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D0 ( 1.00 + 0.30
0.26 ) 10
5 1661
D 0 0 + c.c. < 3.1 105 CL=90% 1611
0 0 < 1.5 103 CL=90% 2335
++ < 1.1 104 CL=90% 2335
D0 p p ( 1.04 0.07) 104 1863
Ds p ( 2.8 0.9 ) 105 1710
D (2007)0 p p
( 9.9 1.1 ) 105 1788
D (2010) p n ( 1.4 0.4 ) 103 1785
D p p + ( 3.32 0.31) 104 1786
D (2010) p p + ( 4.7 0.5 ) 104 S=1.2 1708
D 0 p p + ( 3.0 0.5 ) 104 1708
D 0 p p + ( 1.9 0.5 ) 104 1623
c p + , c D p < 9 106 CL=90%
c p + , c D p < 1.4 105 CL=90%

c
++ < 8 104 CL=90% 1839

c p
+ ( 9.4 1.3 ) 104 S=1.4 1934

c p ( 1.41 0.16) 105 2021

c p
0 ( 1.42 0.17) 104 1982
c (2455) p < 2.2 105
+ 0
c p < 5.07 103 CL=90% 1882
+ +
c p < 2.74 103 CL=90% 1821
+
c p (nonresonant) ( 5.1 1.1 ) 104 S=1.5 1934
c (2520) p + ( 9.6 1.7 ) 105 1860
c (2520)0 p < 3.1 105 CL=90% 1860
c (2455)0 p ( 1.03 0.15) 104 1895
c (2455)0 N 0 , N 0 ( 5.8 1.5 ) 105
p
c (2455) p + ( 1.70 0.24) 104 S=1.1 1895

c p K + ( 3.2 0.7 ) 105
c (2455) p K + , c ( 8.1 2.3 ) 106 1754

c

c p K (892)0 < 2.42 105 CL=90%

c pK K
+ ( 1.83 0.34) 105

c p < 9 106 CL=90%



c p p p < 2.8 106

c K
+ ( 5.2 1.2 ) 105 1767

c c
+
< 1.6 105 CL=95% 1319
c (2593) / c (2625) p < 1.1 104 CL=90%
+
c c , c
+ ( 1.6 1.7 ) 105 S=2.2 1147
+ 0
c c K ( 4.0 2.1 ) 104

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Lepton Family number (LF ) or Lepton number (L) or Baryon number (B)
violating modes, or/and B = 1 weak neutral current (B1 ) modes
B1 < 3.2 107 CL=90% 2640
+
e e B1 < 8.3 108 CL=90% 2640
e+ e B1 < 1.2 107 CL=90% 2640
+ B1 < 6.3 1010 CL=90% 2638
+
B1 < 1.6 107 CL=90% 2638
+
+ B1 < 5.3 109 CL=90% 2629
S P, S ,+ B1 [ggaa] < 5.1 109 CL=90%
P +
+ B1 < 4.1 103 CL=90% 1952
0 +
B1 < 5.3 108 CL=90% 2638
0 e + e B1 < 8.4 108 CL=90% 2638
0
+ B1 < 6.9 108 CL=90% 2634
+ B1 < 6.4 108 CL=90% 2611
+
e e B1 < 1.08 107 CL=90% 2611
+
B1 < 1.12 107 CL=90% 2607
0
B1 < 6.9 105 CL=90% 2638
K 0 + B1 [sss] ( 3.1 + 0.8
0.7 ) 10
7 2616

K 0 e+ e B1 ( 1.6 + 1.0
0.8 ) 10
7 2616
K 0 + B1 ( 3.39 0.34) 107 2612
0
K B1 < 4.9 105 CL=90% 2616
0 B1 < 2.08 104 CL=90% 2583
K (892)0 + B1 [sss] ( 9.9 + 1.2
1.1 ) 10
7 2565

K (892)0 e + e B1 ( 1.03 + 0.19


0.17 ) 10
6 2565
K (892)0 + B1 ( 1.05 0.10) 106 2560
K (892)0 B1 < 5.5 105 CL=90% 2565
B1 < 1.27 104 CL=90% 2541
e LF [gg ] < 2.8 109 CL=90% 2639
0 e LF < 1.4 107 CL=90% 2637
K 0 e LF < 2.7 107 CL=90% 2615
K (892)0 e + LF < 5.3 107 CL=90% 2563
K (892)0 e + LF < 3.4 107 CL=90% 2563
K (892)0 e LF < 5.8 107 CL=90% 2563
e LF [gg ] < 2.8 105 CL=90% 2341
LF [gg ] < 2.2 105 CL=90% 2339
invisible B1 < 2.4 105 CL=90%
B1 < 1.7 105 CL=90% 2640
+c
L,B < 1.3 106 CL=90% 2143
+c e
L,B < 4 106 CL=90% 2145

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B /B 0 ADMIXTURE

CP violation
ACP (B K (892)) = 0.003 0.017
ACP (b s ) = 0.015 0.020
ACP (b ( s + d ) ) = 0.01 0.05
ACP (B Xs + ) = 0.04 0.11
ACP (B Xs + ) (1.0 < q2 < 6.0 GeV2 /c4 ) = 0.06 0.22
ACP (B Xs + ) (10.1 < q2 < 12.9 or q2 > 14.2 GeV2 /c4 )
= 0.19 0.18
ACP (B K e + e ) = 0.18 0.15
ACP (B K + ) = 0.03 0.13
ACP (B K + ) = 0.04 0.07
ACP (B anything) = 0.13 + 0.04
0.05
ACP (Xs ) = ACP (B Xs ) ACP (B 0 Xs ) =
0.05 0.04
The branching fraction measurements are for an admixture of B mesons at
the (4S). The values quoted assume that B((4S) B B) = 100%.

For inclusive branching fractions, e.g., B D anything, the treatment


of multiple Ds in the final state must be defined. One possibility would
be to count the number of events with one-or-more Ds and divide by
the total number of Bs. Another possibility would be to count the to-
tal number of Ds and divide by the total number of Bs, which is the
definition of average multiplicity. The two definitions are identical if only
one D is allowed in the final state. Even though the one-or-more def-
inition seems sensible, for practical reasons inclusive branching fractions
are almost always measured using the multiplicity definition. For heavy
final state particles, authors call their results inclusive branching fractions
while for light particles some authors call their results multiplicities. In the
B sections, we list all results as inclusive branching fractions, adopting a
multiplicity definition. This means that inclusive branching fractions can
exceed 100% and that inclusive partial widths can exceed total widths,
just as inclusive cross sections can exceed total cross section.

B modes are charge conjugates of the modes below. Reactions indicate


the weak decay vertex and do not include mixing.

Scale factor/ p
B DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)

Semileptonic and leptonic modes


e + e anything [hhaa] ( 10.86 0.16 ) %
p e + e anything < 5.9 104 CL=90%
+ anything [hhaa] ( 10.86 0.16 ) %

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+ anything [sss,hhaa] ( 10.86 0.16 ) %


+
D anything [sss] ( 2.8 0.9 ) %
D 0 + anything [sss] ( 7.3 1.5 ) %
+
D ( 2.42 0.12 ) % 2310
D + ( 1.07 0.18 ) % 1911
D + anything [iiaa] ( 6.7 1.3 ) 103
+
D [jjaa] ( 4.95 0.11 ) % 2257
D + ( 1.64 0.15 ) % 1837
D + [sss,kkaa] ( 2.7 0.7 )%
D 1 (2420)+ anything ( 3.8 1.3 ) 103 S=2.4
D + anything + ( 2.6 0.5 )% S=1.5
D + anything
D + anything ( 1.5 0.6 )%
D + anything ( 1.9 0.4 )%
D 2 (2460)+ anything ( 4.4 1.6 ) 103
D + + anything ( 1.00 0.34 ) %
D +
s anything [sss] < 7 103 CL=90%
+ +
D s K anything [sss] < 5 103 CL=90%
+ 0
D s K anything [sss] < 7 103 CL=90%
+
Xc ( 10.65 0.16 ) %
Xu + ( 2.14 0.31 ) 103
K + + anything [sss] ( 6.3 0.6 )%
+
K anything [sss] ( 10 4 ) 103
K 0 / K 0 + anything [sss] ( 4.6 0.5 )%
D, D , or Ds modes
D anything ( 22.9 1.3 )%
D 0 / D 0 anything ( 61.8 2.9 )% S=1.3
D (2010) anything ( 22.5 1.5 )%
D (2007)0 anything ( 26.0 2.7 )%
Ds anything [gg ] ( 8.3 0.8 )%

D s anything ( 6.3 1.0 )%
D
s D
() ( 3.4 0.6 )%
D Ds0 (2317) seen 1605
D DsJ (2457) seen
D () D () K 0 + [gg,llaa] ( 7.1 + 2.7
1.7 )%
D () D () K
b ccs ( 22 4 )%
Ds () D () [gg,llaa] ( 3.9 0.4 )%
D D (2010) [gg ] < 5.9 103 CL=90% 1711
D D (2010) + D D [gg ] < 5.5 103 CL=90%
D D [gg ] < 3.1 103 CL=90% 1866

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Ds () D () X (n ) [gg,llaa] ( 9 + 5
4 )%
D (2010) < 1.1 103 CL=90% 2257
D+ +
s , Ds , Ds ,
+
[gg ] < 4 104 CL=90%
D + + 0 + 0
s , Ds , Ds ,
D+ + + 0
s , Ds , Ds ,
D + 0 +
s , Ds , Ds
+

Ds1 (2536)+ anything < 9.5 103 CL=90%


Charmonium modes
J/(1S)anything ( 1.094 0.032) % S=1.1
J/(1S)(direct) anything ( 7.8 0.4 ) 103 S=1.1
(2S)anything ( 3.07 0.21 ) 103
c1 (1P)anything ( 3.86 0.27 ) 103
c1 (1P)(direct) anything ( 3.24 0.25 ) 103
c2 (1P)anything ( 1.4 0.4 ) 103 S=1.9
c2 (1P)(direct) anything ( 1.65 0.31 ) 103
c (1S)anything < 9 103 CL=90%
K X (3872) B(X ( 1.2 0.4 ) 104 1141
D 0 D 0 0)
K X (3872) B(X ( 8.0 2.2 ) 105 1141
0
D D ) 0
K X (3940) B(X < 6.7 105 CL=90% 1084
0
D D ) 0
K c0 (3915), c0 J/ [nnaa] ( 7.1 3.4 ) 105 1103

K or K modes
K anything [gg ] ( 78.9 2.5 )%
K + anything ( 66 5 )%
K anything ( 13 4 )%
K 0 / K 0 anything [gg ] ( 64 4 )%
K (892) anything ( 18 6 )%
K (892)0 / K (892)0 anything [gg ] ( 14.6 2.6 )%
K (892) ( 4.2 0.6 ) 105 2565
K ( 8.5 + 1.8 ) 106 2588
1.6
K1 (1400) < 1.27 104 CL=90% 2454
K 2 (1430) ( 1.7 + 0.6
0.5 ) 105 2447
K2 (1770) < 1.2 103 CL=90% 2342
K 3 (1780) < 3.7 105 CL=90% 2341
K 4 (2045) < 1.0 103 CL=90% 2244
K (958) ( 8.3 1.1 ) 105 2528
K (892) (958) ( 4.1 1.1 ) 106 2472
K < 5.2 106 CL=90% 2588

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K (892) ( 1.8 0.5 ) 105 2534


K ( 2.3 0.9 ) 106 2306
b s ( 3.49 0.19 ) 104
b d ( 9.2 3.0 ) 106
b s gluon < 6.8 % CL=90%
anything ( 2.6 + 0.5 ) 104
0.8
anything ( 4.2 0.9 ) 104
K + gluon (charmless) < 1.87 104 CL=90%
K 0 gluon (charmless) ( 1.9 0.7 ) 104
Light unflavored meson modes
( 1.39 0.25 ) 106 S=1.2 2583
/ ( 1.30 0.23 ) 106 S=1.2
anything [gg,ooaa] ( 358 7 )%
0 anything ( 235 11 )%
anything ( 17.6 1.6 )%
0 anything ( 21 5 )%
anything < 81 % CL=90%
anything ( 3.43 0.12 ) %
K (892) < 2.2 105 CL=90% 2460
+ gluon (charmless) ( 3.7 0.8 ) 104
Baryon modes
+
c / c anything ( 3.29 0.34 ) %
+
c anything < 1.1 % CL=90%

c anything < 6 % CL=90%


+
c anything < 8 104 CL=90%
+
c e anything < 1.6 103 CL=90%
+ 3
c anything < 1.2 10 CL=90%

c p anything ( 1.88 0.30 ) %
+
c p e e < 8 104 CL=90% 2021

c anything ( 3.1 1.6 ) 103
c anything < 7 103 CL=90%
0c anything ( 3.4 1.6 ) 103
0c N (N = p or n) < 1.1 103 CL=90% 1938
0c anything ( 1.93 0.30 ) 104 S=1.1
B( 0c + )
+ c anything ( 4.5 + 1.3
1.2 ) 104
B( + + +
c )
p / p anything [gg ] ( 8.0 0.4 )%
p / p (direct) anything [gg ] ( 5.5 0.5 )%

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/ anything [gg ] ( 4.0 0.5 )%


anything seen
anything seen
/ + anything [gg ] ( 2.7 0.6 ) 103
baryons anything ( 6.8 0.6 ) %
p p anything ( 2.47 0.23 ) %
p / p anything [gg ] ( 2.5 0.4 )%
anything < 5 103 CL=90%
Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes or
B = 1 weak neutral current (B1 ) modes
s e+ e B1 ( 6.7 1.7 ) 106 S=2.0
s + B1 ( 4.3 1.0 ) 106
s + B1 [sss] ( 5.8 1.3 ) 106 S=1.8
+ B1 < 5.9 108 CL=90% 2638
e+ e B1 < 1.10 107 CL=90% 2638
+ B1 < 5.0 108 CL=90% 2634
K e+ e B1 ( 4.4 0.6 ) 107 2617
K (892)e + e B1 ( 1.19 0.20 ) 106 S=1.2 2565
K + B1 ( 4.4 0.4 ) 107 2612
K (892)+ B1 ( 1.06 0.09 ) 106 2560
K + B1 ( 4.8 0.4 ) 107 2617
K (892)+ B1 ( 1.05 0.10 ) 106 2565
K B1 < 1.7 105 CL=90% 2617
K B1 < 7.6 105 CL=90%
s e LF [gg ] < 2.2 105 CL=90%
e LF < 9.2 108 CL=90% 2637
e LF < 3.2 106 CL=90% 2582
K e LF < 3.8 108 CL=90% 2616
K (892)e LF < 5.1 107 CL=90% 2563

B /B 0 /B 0s /b-baryon ADMIXTURE

These measurements are for an admixture of bottom particles at high


energy (LHC, LEP, Tevatron, Sp pS).
Mean life = (1.567 0.003) 1012 s
Mean life = (1.72 0.10) 1012 s Charged b-hadron
admixture
Mean life = (1.58 0.14) 1012 s Neutral b-hadron ad-
mixture
charged
bhadron / neutral bhadron = 1.09 0.13
b /
b,b = 0.001 0.014
Re(b ) / (1 + b ) = (1.2 0.4) 103
2

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The branching fraction measurements are for an admixture of B mesons


and baryons at energies above the (4S). Only the highest energy results
(LHC, LEP, Tevatron, Sp pS) are used in the branching fraction averages.
In the following, we assume that the production fractions are the same at
the LHC, LEP, and at the Tevatron.

For inclusive branching fractions, e.g., B D anything, the values


usually are multiplicities, not branching fractions. They can be greater
than one.

The modes below are listed for a b initial state. b modes are their charge
conjugates. Reactions indicate the weak decay vertex and do not include
mixing.
Scale factor/ p
b DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

PRODUCTION FRACTIONS
The production fractions for weakly decaying b-hadrons at high energy
have been calculated from the best values of mean lives, mixing parame-
ters, and branching fractions in this edition by the Heavy Flavor Averaging
Group (HFAG) as described in the note B 0 -B 0 Mixing in the B 0 Particle
Listings. The production fractions in b-hadronic Z decay or p p collisions
at the Tevatron are also listed at the end of the section. Values assume

B(b B + ) = B(b B 0 )
B(b B + ) + B(b B 0 ) +B(b B 0 ) + B(b b -baryon) = 100%.
s
The correlation coefficients between production fractions are also re-
ported:
cor(B 0 , b-baryon) = 0.204
s
cor(B 0 , B =B 0 ) = 0.273
s
cor(b-baryon, B =B 0 ) = 0.886.

The notation for production fractions varies in the literature (fd , d 0 ,


B
f (b B 0 ), Br(b B 0 )). We use our own branching fraction notation
here, B(b B 0 ).

Note these production fractions are b-hadronization fractions, not the con-
ventional branching fractions of b-quark to a B-hadron, which may have
considerable dependence on the initial and final state kinematic and pro-
duction environment.

B+ ( 40.5 0.6 ) %
B0 ( 40.5 0.6 ) %
B 0s ( 10.5 0.5 ) %
b -baryon ( 8.5 1.1 ) %
DECAY MODES
Semileptonic and leptonic modes
anything ( 23.1 1.5 ) %
+ anything [sss] ( 10.69 0.22) %
e + e anything ( 10.86 0.35) %
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+ anything + 0.29 ) %
( 10.95 0.25
D + anything [sss] ( 2.2 0.4 ) % S=1.9
D + + anything ( 4.9 1.9 ) 103
D + anything ( 2.6 1.6 ) 103
D + anything
0 [sss] ( 6.81 0.34) %
D 0 + anything ( 1.07 0.27) %
D 0 + + anything ( 2.3 1.6 ) 103
D + anything
[sss] ( 2.75 0.19) %
D + anything ( 6 7 ) 104
D + + anything ( 4.8 1.0 ) 103
D 0j + anything [sss,ppaa] ( 2.6 0.9 ) 103
B(D 0j D + )
D +
j anything [sss,ppaa] ( 7.0 2.3 ) 103
B(D
j D )
0

D 2 (2460)0 + anything < 1.4 103 CL=90%


B(D 2 (2460)0
D + )
D 2 (2460) + anything ( 4.2 + 1.5
1.8 ) 10
3
B(D 2 (2460)
D 0 )
D 2 (2460)0 + anything ( 1.6 0.8 ) 103
B(D 2 (2460)0
D +)
charmless [sss] ( 1.7 0.5 ) 103
+ anything ( 2.41 0.23) %
D anything ( 9 4 ) 103
c anything [sss] ( 8.02 0.19) %
c + anything ( 1.6 + 0.4
0.5 ) %

Charmed meson and baryon modes


D 0 anything ( 59.0 2.9 ) %
D0 D
s anything [gg ] ( 9.1 + 4.0
2.8 ) %
D Ds anything [gg ] ( 4.0 + 2.3
1.8 ) %
D 0 D 0 anything [gg ] ( 5.1 + 2.0
1.8 ) %
D 0 D anything [gg ] ( 2.7 + 1.8
1.6 ) %
D D anything [gg ] < 9 103 CL=90%
D anything ( 22.5 1.7 ) %
D (2010)+ anything ( 17.3 2.0 ) %
D1 (2420)0 anything ( 5.0 1.5 ) %

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D (2010) D
s anything [gg ] ( 3.3 + 1.6
1.3 ) %
D 0 D (2010) anything [gg ] ( 3.0 + 1.1
0.9 ) %
D (2010) D anything [gg ] ( 2.5 + 1.2
1.0 ) %
D (2010) D (2010) anything [gg ] ( 1.2 0.4 ) %
D D anything ( 10 + 11 )%
10
D 2 (2460)0 anything ( 4.7 2.7 ) %
Ds anything ( 14.7 2.1 ) %
D+s anything ( 10.1 3.1 ) %
+
c anything ( 7.1 1.0 ) %
c / c anything [ooaa] (116.2 3.2 ) %
Charmonium modes
J/(1S)anything ( 1.16 0.10) %
(2S)anything ( 2.83 0.29) 103
c1 (1P)anything ( 1.4 0.4 ) %

K or K modes
s ( 3.1 1.1 ) 104
s B1 < 6.4 104 CL=90%
K anything ( 74 6 ) %
K 0S anything ( 29.0 2.9 ) %
Pion modes
anything (397 21 )%
0 anything [ooaa] (278 60 ) %
anything ( 2.82 0.23) %
Baryon modes
p / p anything ( 13.1 1.1 ) %
/ anything ( 5.9 0.6 ) %
b -baryon anything ( 10.2 2.8 ) %
Other modes
charged anything [ooaa] (497 7 )%
hadron+ hadron ( 1.7 + 1.0
0.7 ) 10
5
charmless ( 7 21 ) 103
B = 1 weak neutral current (B1 ) modes
+ anything B1 < 3.2 104 CL=90%

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B I (J P ) = 12 (1 )

I , J, P need confirmation. Quantum numbers shown are quark-model


predictions.
Mass m B = 5319.3 0.5 MeV (S = 1.3)
m B m B = 39.9 0.5 MeV (S = 1.3)
m B + m B + = 45.0 0.4 MeV

B DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B dominant 40

B1 (5721)+ I (J P ) = 12 (1+ )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 5721.3 + 3.2
4.0 MeV
m B + m B 0 = 402.0 + 3.2
4.0 MeV
1
Full width = 49 + 12
16 MeV

B1 (5721)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B 0 + seen 409

B1 (5721)0 I (J P ) = 12 (1+ )
I, J, P need confirmation.
B1 (5721)0 MASS = 5727.0 2.9 MeV (S = 2.2)
m B 0 m B + = 447.7 2.9 MeV (S = 2.2)
1
m B 0 m B + = 407.7 2.9 MeV (S = 2.3)
1
Full width = 23 5 MeV

B1 (5721)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B + dominant 369

B 2 (5747)+ I (J P ) = 12 (2+ )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 5735.9 + 1.3
1.6 MeV
m B + m B 0 = 456.3 + 1.3
1.6 MeV
2
Full width = 11 5 MeV

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B (5747)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


2
B 0 + seen 417

B 2 (5747)0 I (J P ) = 12 (2+ )
I, J, P need confirmation.
B 2 (5747)0 MASS = 5822 6 MeV (S = 13.6)
m B 0 m B 0 = 94 5 MeV (S = 3.8)
2 1
m B 0 m B + = 542 6 MeV (S = 14.5)
2
Full width = 22 5 MeV

B 0
2 (5747) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B + dominant 499
B + dominant 462

B(5970)+ I (J P ) = ?(?? )

Mass m = 5961 13 MeV


m B(5970)+ m B 0 = 681 13 MeV
Full width = 60 + 50
40 MeV

B(5970)+ DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B 0 + seen 628

B(5970)0 I (J P ) = ?(?? )

Mass m = 5977 13 MeV


m B(5970)0 m B + = 698 13 MeV
Full width = 70 40 MeV

B(5970)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B + seen 644

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BOTTOM, STRANGE MESONS


(B = 1, S = 1)
B 0s = sb, B 0s = s b, similarly for B s s

B 0s I (J P ) = 0(0 )

I , J, P need confirmation. Quantum numbers shown are quark-model


predictions.
Mass m B 0 = 5366.81 0.23 MeV
s
m B 0 m B = 87.32 0.23 MeV
s
Mean life = (1.510 0.005) 1012 s
c = 452.7 m
B 0 = B 0 B 0 = (0.082 0.007) 1012 s 1
s sL sH

B s0 -B 0s
mixing parameters
m B 0 = m B 0 m B 0 = (17.757 0.021) 1012 h
s 1
s sH sL
= (1.1688 0.0014) 108 MeV
xs = m B 0 /B 0 = 26.81 0.10
s s
s = 0.499308 0.000005
CP violation parameters in B 0s
Re(B 0 ) / (1 + B 0 2 ) = ( 1.9 1.0) 103

s s
CK K (B 0s K + K ) = 0.14 0.11
SK K (B 0s K + K ) = 0.30 0.13
(B 0s D + 28
s K ) = (115 40 )
B (B 0s D
s K ) = (3 20)

rB (B 0s D
s K ) = 0.53 0.17
CP
Violation phase s = (0.6 1.9) 102 rad
(B 0 J/(1S)) = 0.964 0.020
s
= 1.02 0.07
ACP (Bs + K ) = 0.263 0.035
ACP (B 0s [ K + K ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.04 0.07
ACP (B 0s [ + K ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.01 0.04
ACP (B 0s [ + ]D K (892)0 ) = 0.06 0.13

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These branching fractions all scale with B(b B 0 ).


s

The branching fraction B(B 0 D + anything) is not a pure mea-


s s
surement since the measured product branching fraction B(b B 0 )
s
B(B 0 D + anything) was used to determine B(b B 0 ), as
s s s
described in the note on B 0 -B 0 Mixing

For inclusive branching fractions, e.g., B D anything, the values


usually are multiplicities, not branching fractions. They can be greater
than one.

Scale factor/ p
B 0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
s
D s anything (93 25 )%
X ( 9.6 0.8 ) %
e+ X ( 9.1 0.8 ) %
+ X (10.2 1.0 ) %
D +
s anything [qqaa] ( 7.9 2.4 ) %
Ds1 (2536) + , ( 2.5 0.7 ) 103
Ds1 D
K 0
S
Ds1 (2536) X + , ( 4.3 1.7 ) 103
Ds1 D K
0 +

Ds2 (2573) X + , ( 2.6 1.2 ) 103


Ds2 D K
0 +

Ds
+ ( 3.04 0.23) 103 2320
Ds
+ ( 7.0 1.5 ) 103 2249
D + +
s ( 6.3 1.1 ) 103 2301
Ds1 (2536) + , ( 2.5 0.8 ) 105
D +
s1 D s
Ds K
( 2.03 0.28) 104 S=1.3 2293
D + +
s K ( 3.3 0.7 ) 104 2249
D+s Ds

( 4.4 0.5 ) 103 1824
Ds D
+ ( 2.8 0.5 ) 104 1875
D+ D ( 2.2 0.6 ) 104 1925
D0 D0 ( 1.9 0.5 ) 104 1930
D
s
+ ( 2.0 0.5 ) 103 2265
+
Ds ( 9.7 2.2 ) 103 2191
D +
s Ds + Ds Ds
+
( 1.29 0.22) % S=1.1 1742
D +
s Ds

( 1.86 0.30) % 1655
()+ ()
Ds Ds ( 4.5 1.4 ) %
D K +
0 ( 9.9 1.5 ) 104 2312
D 0 K (892)0 ( 4.4 0.6 ) 104 2264

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D 0 K (1410) ( 3.9 3.5 ) 104 2117


D 0 K 0 (1430) ( 3.0 0.7 ) 104 2113
D 0 K 2 (1430) ( 1.1 0.4 ) 104 2113
D 0 K (1680) < 7.8 105 CL=90% 1997
D 0 K 0 (1950) < 1.1 104 CL=90% 1890
D 0 K 3 (1780) < 2.6 105 CL=90% 1971
D 0 K 4 (2045) < 3.1 105 CL=90% 1837
D 0 K + (non- ( 2.1 0.8 ) 104 2312
resonant)
D s2 (2573) + , ( 2.6 0.4 ) 104
D s2 D 0 K
D s1 (2700) + , ( 1.6 0.8 ) 105
D s1 D 0 K
D s1 (2860) + , ( 5 4 ) 105
D s1 D 0 K
D s3 (2860) + , ( 2.2 0.6 ) 105
D s3 D 0 K
D0 K + K ( 4.2 1.9 ) 105 2242
D0 ( 3.0 0.8 ) 105 2235
D < 6.1 106 CL=90%
J/(1S) ( 1.08 0.09) 103 1588
J/(1S) 0 < 1.2 103 CL=90% 1786
J/(1S) ( 3.9 0.7 ) 104 S=1.4 1733
J/(1S)K 0S ( 1.87 0.17) 105 1743
J/(1S)K (892)0 ( 4.4 0.9 ) 105 1637
J/(1S) ( 3.3 0.4 ) 104 1612
J/(1S) + ( 2.14 0.19) 104 1775
J/(1S)f0 (500), f0 < 1.7 106 CL=90%
+
J/(1S), < 1.2 106 CL=90%
+
J/(1S)f0 (980), f0 ( 1.35 0.16) 104
+
J/(1S)f0 (980) 0 , ( 5.1 0.9 ) 105
f0 +
J/(1S)f2 (1270) 0 , ( 2.6 0.7 ) 107
f2 +
J/(1S)f2 (1270) k , ( 3.8 1.3 ) 107
f2 +
J/(1S)f2 (1270) , ( 4.6 2.8 ) 107
f2 +
J/(1S)f0 (1500), ( 7.4 + 1.6
1.4 ) 10
6
f0 +

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J/(1S)f 2 (1525) 0 , ( 3.7 1.0 ) 107


f 2 +
J/(1S)f 2 (1525) k , ( 4.4 + 10.0
3.1 ) 10
8
f 2 +
J/(1S)f 2 (1525) , ( 1.9 1.4 ) 107
f 2 +
J/(1S)f0 (1790), ( 1.7 + 4.0
0.4 ) 10
6
f0 +
J/(1S)K 0 + < 4.4 105 CL=90% 1675
J/(1S)K + K ( 7.9 0.7 ) 104 1601
J/(1S)K 0 K + + c.c. ( 9.3 1.3 ) 104 1538
J/(1S)K 0 K + K < 1.2 105 CL=90% 1333
J/(1S)f 2 (1525) ( 2.6 0.6 ) 104 1304
J/(1S)p p < 4.8 106 CL=90% 982
J/(1S) + + ( 8.0 0.9 ) 105 1731
J/(1S)f1 (1285) ( 7.1 1.4 ) 105 1460
(2S) ( 3.3 0.9 ) 104 1338
(2S) ( 1.29 0.35) 104 1158
(2S) + ( 7.3 1.3 ) 105 1397
(2S) ( 5.4 0.6 ) 104 1120
c1 ( 2.05 0.31) 104 1274
+ ( 7.6 1.9 ) 107 S=1.4 2680
0 0 < 2.1 104 CL=90% 2680
0 < 1.0 103 CL=90% 2654
< 1.5 103 CL=90% 2627
0 0 < 3.20 104 CL=90% 2569
0 < 6.17 104 CL=90% 2526
( 1.93 0.31) 105 2482
+ K ( 5.5 0.6 ) 106 2659
K+K ( 2.50 0.17) 105 2638
K0K0 < 6.6 105 CL=90% 2637
K 0 + ( 1.5 0.4 ) 105 2653
K 0 K ( 7.7 1.0 ) 105 2622
K (892) + ( 3.3 1.2 ) 106 2607
K (892) K ( 1.25 0.26) 105 2585
K0K+K < 3.5 106 CL=90% 2568
K (892)0 0 < 7.67 104 CL=90% 2550
K (892)0 K (892)0 ( 2.8 0.7 ) 105 2531
K (892)0 ( 1.13 0.30) 106 2507
pp ( 2.8 + 2.2
1.7 ) 10
8 2514

c
+ ( 3.6 1.6 ) 104

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+
c c < 8.0 105 CL=95%
B1 < 3.1 106 CL=90% 2683
( 3.52 0.34) 105 2587

Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes or


B = 1 weak neutral current (B1 ) modes
+ B1 ( 3.1 0.7 ) 109 2681
e+ e B1 < 2.8 107 CL=90% 2683
+ + B1 < 1.2 108 CL=90% 2673
S P, S + , B1 [ggaa] < 1.2 108 CL=90%
P +
(1020)+ B1 ( 7.7 1.5 ) 107 2582
B1 < 5.4 103 CL=90% 2587
e LF [gg ] < 1.1 108 CL=90% 2682

B s I (J P ) = 0(1 )

I , J, P need confirmation. Quantum numbers shown are quark-model


predictions.
Mass m = 5415.4 + 1.8
1.5 MeV (S = 3.0)
m Bs m Bs = 48.6 + 1.8
1.6 MeV (S = 2.8)

B DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


s
Bs dominant

Bs1 (5830)0 I (J P ) = 0(1+ )


I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 5828.4 0.4 MeV
m B 0 m B + = 502 6 MeV (S = 29.0)
s1
Full width = 0.5 0.4 MeV

Bs1 (5830)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

B + K dominant 119


B s2 (5840)0 I (J P ) = 0(2+ )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Mass m = 5839.87 0.16 MeV
m B 0 m B 0
s2 s1
m B 0 m B + = 560.51 0.16 MeV
s2
Full width = 1.47 0.33 MeV

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B (5840)0 DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)


s2
B+ K dominant 252

BOTTOM, CHARMED MESONS


(B = C = 1)
B+
c = cb, B c = c b, similarly for B c s

B+
c I (J P ) = 0(0 )
I, J, P need confirmation.
Quantum numbers shown are quark-model predicitions.
Mass m = 6275.1 1.0 MeV
Mean life = (0.507 0.009) 1012 s
B modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.
c
p
B + DECAY MODES B(b Bc ) Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)
c

The following quantities are not pure branching ratios; rather the fraction
i / B(b Bc ).

J/(1S)+ anything + 2.4 ) 105


(5.2 2.1
J/(1S) + seen 2371
J/(1S)K + seen 2341
J/(1S) + + seen 2350
J/(1S)a1 (1260) < 1.2 103 90% 2169
J/(1S)K + K + seen 2203
J/(1S) + + + seen 2309
(2S) + seen 2052
J/(1S)D + s seen 1822
J/(1S)D +s seen 1728
J/(1S)p p + seen 1792
D (2010)+ D 0 < 6.2 103 90% 2467
D + K 0 < 0.20 106 90% 2783
D + K 0 < 0.16 106 90% 2783
D+s K
0 < 0.28 106 90% 2751
D+s K
0 < 0.4 106 90% 2751

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D+
s < 0.32 106 90% 2727
K+K0 < 4.6 107 90% 3098
B 0s + / B(b Bs ) + 0.37 ) 103
(2.37 0.35

c c MESONS

c (1S) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Mass m = 2983.6 0.6 MeV (S = 1.2)


Full width = 31.8 0.8 MeV
p
c (1S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Decays involving hadronic resonances


(958) ( 4.1 1.7 ) % 1323
( 1.8 0.5 ) % 1275
0 +
K (892) K + c.c. ( 2.0 0.7 ) % 1277
K (892)K (892) ( 7.0 1.3 ) 103 1196
K (892)0 K (892)0 + ( 1.1 0.5 ) % 1073
K+ K ( 2.9 1.4 ) 103 1104
( 1.75 0.20) 103 1089
2( + ) < 4 103 90% 1251
a0 (980) < 2 % 90% 1327
a2 (1320) < 2 % 90% 1196
K (892)K + c.c. < 1.28 % 90% 1309
f2 (1270) < 1.1 % 90% 1145
< 3.1 103 90% 1270
< 1.7 103 90% 1185
f2 (1270)f2 (1270) ( 9.8 2.5 ) 103 774

f2 (1270)f 2 (1525) ( 9.7 3.2 ) 103 513
f0 (980) seen 1264
f0 (1500) seen 1026
f0 (2200) seen 496
a0 (980) seen 1327
a0 (1320) seen
a0 (1450) seen 1123
K0 (1430)K seen

K2 (1430)K seen

K0 (1950)K seen

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Decays into stable hadrons


KK ( 7.3 0.5 ) % 1381
KK ( 1.35 0.16) % 1265
+ ( 1.7 0.5 ) % 1428
2( + ) ( 4.4 1.3 ) % 1385
K + K + ( 6.9 1.1 ) 103 1345
K + K + 0 ( 3.5 0.6 ) % 1304
K 0 K + + +c.c. ( 5.6 1.5 ) %
K + K 2( + ) ( 7.5 2.4 ) 103 1253
2(K + K ) ( 1.46 0.30) 103 1055
+ 0 0 ( 4.7 1.0 ) % 1460
2( + ) ( 9.7 1.2 ) 103 1459
2( + 0 ) (17.4 3.3 ) % 1409
3( + ) ( 1.8 0.4 ) % 1407
pp ( 1.50 0.16) 103 1160
p p 0 ( 3.6 1.3 ) 103 1101
( 1.09 0.24) 103 990
+ ( 2.1 0.6 ) 103 900
+ ( 8.9 2.7 ) 104 692
+ p p ( 5.3 1.8 ) 103 1027

Radiative decays
( 1.59 0.12) 104 1492

Charge conjugation (C), Parity (P),


Lepton family number (LF) violating modes
+ P,CP < 1.1 104 90% 1485
0 0 P,CP < 4 105 90% 1486
K+K P,CP < 6 104 90% 1408
K 0S K 0S P,CP < 3.1 104 90% 1406

J/(1S) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 3096.916 0.011 MeV


Full width = 92.9 2.8 keV (S = 1.1)
e e = 5.55 0.14 0.02 keV
Scale factor/ p
J/(1S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level(MeV/c)

hadrons (87.7 0.5 ) %


virtual hadrons (13.50 0.30 ) %
ggg (64.1 1.0 )%
g g ( 8.8 1.1 )%
e+ e ( 5.971 0.032) % 1548
e+ e [rraa] ( 8.8 1.4 ) 103 1548

+ ( 5.961 0.033) % 1545

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Decays involving hadronic resonances


( 1.69 0.15 ) % S=2.4 1448
0 0 ( 5.6 0.7 ) 103 1448
a2 (1320) ( 1.09 0.22 ) % 1123
+ + ( 8.5 3.4 ) 103 1392
+ 0 ( 4.0 0.7 ) 103 1418
+ ( 8.6 0.7 ) 103 S=1.1 1435
f2 (1270) ( 4.3 0.6 ) 103 1142
K (892)0 K (892)0
( 2.3 0.7 ) 104 1266
K (892) K (892) + 0.22 ) 103
( 1.00 0.40 1266

K (892) K (800) ( 1.1 + 1.0


0.6 ) 103
K (892)0 K (892)0 ( 1.15 0.26 ) 103 1003
K (892)0 K 2 (1430)0 + c.c. ( 6.0 0.6 ) 103 1012
K (892)0 K 2 (1770)0 + c.c. ( 6.9 0.9 ) 104
K (892)0 K + + c.c.
K (892)K + c.c. ( 6.1 0.9) 103 1097
K + K (892) + c.c. ( 5.12 0.30 ) 103 1373
K + K (892) + c.c. ( 1.97 0.20 ) 103
K + K 0
K K (892) + c.c.
+ ( 3.0 0.4 ) 103
K 0 K + c.c.
0
K K (892)0 + c.c.
( 4.39 0.31 ) 103 1373
K 0 K (892)0 + c.c. ( 3.2 0.4 ) 103
K 0 K + c.c.
K1 (1400) K ( 3.8 1.4 ) 103 1170
K (892)0 K + + c.c. seen 1343
0 0 ( 3.4 0.8 ) 103 1436
b1 (1235) [gg ] ( 3.0 0.5 ) 103 1300
K K 0S [gg ] ( 3.4 0.5 ) 103 1210
b1 (1235)0 0 ( 2.3 0.6 ) 103 1300
K K 0S [gg ] ( 2.2 0.4 ) 103 1278
K (892)K + c.c. ( 2.18 0.23 ) 103 969
K K ( 1.70 0.32 ) 103 1268
f0 (1710) K K ( 4.8 1.1 ) 104 878
2( + ) ( 1.66 0.23 ) 103 1318
(1232)++ p ( 1.6 0.5 ) 103 1030
( 1.74 0.20 ) 103 S=1.6 1394
K K ( 1.83 0.24 ) 103 S=1.5 1179
f0 (1710) K K ( 3.6 0.6 ) 104 875
f2 (1270) ( 7.2 1.3 ) 104 1036
(1232)++ (1232) ( 1.10 0.29 ) 103 938
(1385) (1385)+ (or c.c.) [gg ] ( 1.10 0.12 ) 103 697
f 2 (1525) ( 8 4 ) 104 S=2.7 871

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+ ( 9.4 0.9 ) 104 S=1.2 1365


0 0 ( 5.6 1.6 ) 104 1366
K K 0S [gg ] ( 7.2 0.8 ) 104 1114
f1 (1420) ( 6.8 2.4 ) 104 1062
( 7.5 0.8 ) 104 S=1.5 1320
00 ( 1.20 0.24 ) 103 818
(1530) + ( 5.9 1.5 ) 104 600
p K (1385)0 ( 5.1 3.2 ) 104 646
0 ( 4.5 0.5 ) 104 S=1.4 1446
(958) ( 4.0 0.7 ) 104 S=2.1 1192
f0 (980) ( 3.2 0.9 ) 104 S=1.9 1178
f0 (980) + ( 1.8 0.4 ) 104
f0 (980) 0 0 ( 1.7 0.7 ) 104
f0 (980) + ( 3.2 1.0 ) 104
a0 (980)0 0 ( 5 4 ) 106
(1530)0 0 ( 3.2 1.4 ) 104 608
(1385) + (or c.c.) [gg ] ( 3.1 0.5 ) 104 855
f1 (1285) ( 2.6 0.5 ) 104 S=1.1 1032
+ ( 4.0 1.7 ) 104 1487
( 1.93 0.23 ) 104 1396
(958) ( 1.82 0.21 ) 104 1279
f0 (980) ( 1.4 0.5 ) 104 1267
(958) ( 1.05 0.18 ) 104 1281
a2 (1320) [gg ] < 4.3 103 CL=90% 1263
K K 2 (1430)+ c.c. < 4.0 103 CL=90% 1159
K1 (1270) K < 3.0 103 CL=90% 1231
K 2 (1430)0 K 2 (1430)0 < 2.9 103 CL=90% 604
0 < 6.4 106 CL=90% 1377
(1405) < 2.5 104 CL=90% 946
f 2 (1525) < 2.2 104 CL=90% 1003
X (1835) p p < 3.9 106 CL=95%
(2170) < 2.52 104 CL=90%
K (892)0 K (892)0
(1385)0 + c.c. < 8.2 106 CL=90% 912
(1232)+ p < 1 104 CL=90% 1100
(1520)+ c.c. < 4.1 106 CL=90%
(1540)(1540) < 1.1 105 CL=90%
K 0S p K n + c.c.
(1540)K n K 0S p K n < 2.1 105 CL=90%
(1540)K 0S p K 0S p K + n < 1.6 105 CL=90%
(1540)K + n K 0S p K + n < 5.6 105 CL=90%
(1540)K 0S p K 0S p K n < 1.1 105 CL=90%
0 < 9 105 CL=90% 1032

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Decays into stable hadrons


2( + ) 0 ( 4.1 0.5 )% S=2.4 1496
3( + ) 0 ( 2.9 0.6 )% 1433
+ 0 ( 2.11 0.07 ) % S=1.5 1533
+ 0 K + K ( 1.79 0.29 ) % S=2.2 1368
4( + ) 0 ( 9.0 3.0 ) 103 1345
+ K + K ( 6.6 0.5 ) 103 1407
+ K + K ( 1.84 0.28 ) 103 1221
0 0 K + K ( 2.45 0.31 ) 103 1410
KK ( 6.1 1.0 ) 103 1442
2( + ) ( 3.57 0.30 ) 103 1517
3( + ) ( 4.3 0.4 ) 103 1466
2( + 0 ) ( 1.62 0.21 ) % 1468
2( + ) ( 2.29 0.24 ) 103 1446
3( + ) ( 7.2 1.5 ) 104 1379
pp ( 2.120 0.029) 103 1232
p p 0 ( 1.19 0.08 ) 103 S=1.1 1176
p p + ( 6.0 0.5 ) 103 S=1.3 1107
p p + 0 [ssaa] ( 2.3 0.9) 103 S=1.9 1033
pp ( 2.00 0.12 ) 103 948
pp < 3.1 104 CL=90% 774
pp ( 9.8 1.0 ) 104 S=1.3 768
p p (958) ( 2.1 0.4 ) 104 596
p p a0 (980) p p 0 ( 6.8 1.8 ) 105
pp ( 4.5 1.5 ) 105 527
nn ( 2.09 0.16 ) 103 1231
n n + ( 4 4 ) 103 1106
+ ( 1.50 0.24 ) 103 992
00 ( 1.29 0.09 ) 103 988
2( + ) K + K ( 4.7 0.7) 103 S=1.3 1320
p n ( 2.12 0.09 ) 103 1174
n N(1440) seen 984
n N(1520) seen 928
n N(1535) seen 914
+ ( 8.6 1.1 ) 104 S=1.2 807
( 1.61 0.15 ) 103 S=1.9 1074
+ (or c.c.) [gg ] ( 8.3 0.7 ) 104 S=1.2 950
pK ( 8.9 1.6 ) 104 876
2(K + K ) ( 7.6 0.9 ) 104 1131
pK0 ( 2.9 0.8 ) 104 819
K+K ( 2.70 0.17 ) 104 1468
K 0S K 0L ( 2.1 0.4 ) 104 S=3.2 1466
+ ( 4.3 1.0 ) 103 903
( 1.62 0.17 ) 104 672

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0 ( 3.8 0.4) 105 998


n K 0S + c.c. ( 6.5 1.1) 104 872
+ ( 1.47 0.14 ) 104 1542
+ c.c. ( 2.83 0.23 ) 105 1034
K 0S K 0S < 1 106 CL=95% 1466

Radiative decays
3 ( 1.16 0.22 ) 105 1548
4 < 9 106 CL=90% 1548
5 < 1.5 105 CL=90% 1548
c (1S) ( 1.7 0.4 )% S=1.6 111
c (1S) 3 ( 3.8 + 1.3 ) 106 S=1.1
1.0
+ 2 0 ( 8.3 3.1 ) 103 1518
( 6.1 1.0 ) 103 1487
2 (1870) + ( 6.2 2.4 ) 104
(1405/1475) K K [o] ( 2.8 0.6 ) 103 S=1.6 1223
(1405/1475) 0 ( 7.8 2.0 ) 105 S=1.8 1223
(1405/1475) + ( 3.0 0.5 ) 104
(1405/1475) < 8.2 105 CL=95%
( 4.5 0.8 ) 103 1340
< 5.4 104 CL=90% 1338
< 8.8 105 CL=90% 1258
(958) ( 5.15 0.16 ) 103 S=1.2 1400
2 + 2 ( 2.8 0.5 ) 103 S=1.9 1517
f2 (1270)f2 (1270) ( 9.5 1.7 ) 104 878
f2 (1270)f2 (1270)(non reso- ( 8.2 1.9 ) 104
nant)
K + K + ( 2.1 0.6 ) 103 1407
f4 (2050) ( 2.7 0.7 ) 103 891
( 1.61 0.33 ) 103 1336
(1405/1475) 0 0 ( 1.7 0.4 ) 103 S=1.3 1223
f2 (1270) ( 1.43 0.11 ) 103 1286
f0 (1710) K K ( 8.5 + 1.2 ) 104 S=1.2 1075
0.9
f0 (1710) ( 4.0 1.0 ) 104
f0 (1710) ( 3.1 1.0 ) 104
f0 (1710) ( 2.4 + 1.2 ) 104
0.7
( 1.104 0.034) 103 1500
f1 (1420) K K ( 7.9 1.3 ) 104 1220
f1 (1285) ( 6.1 0.8 ) 104 1283
f1 (1510) + ( 4.5 1.2 ) 104
f 2 (1525) ( 4.5 + 0.7
0.4 ) 104 1173
f 2 (1525) ( 3.4 1.4 ) 105

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f2 (1640) ( 2.8 1.8 ) 104


f2 (1910) ( 2.0 1.4 ) 104
f0 (1800) ( 2.5 0.6 ) 104
f2 (1810) ( 5.4 + 3.5 ) 105
2.4
f2 (1950) ( 7.0 2.2 ) 104
K (892)K (892)
K (892)K (892) ( 4.0 1.3 ) 103 1266
( 4.0 1.2 ) 104 S=2.1 1166
pp ( 3.8 1.0 ) 104 1232
(2225) ( 3.3 0.5 ) 104 749
(1760) 0 0 ( 1.3 0.9 ) 104 1048
(1760) ( 1.98 0.33 ) 103
X (1835) + ( 2.6 0.4 ) 104 1006
X (1835) p p ( 7.7 + 1.5 ) 105
0.9
X (1840) 3( + ) ( 2.4 + 0.7
0.8 ) 105
(K K ) [J PC = 0 + ] ( 7 4 ) 104 S=2.1 1442
0 + 0.33 ) 105
( 3.49 0.30 1546
p p + < 7.9 104 CL=90% 1107
< 1.3 104 CL=90% 1074
f0 (2100) + 0.60 ) 104
( 1.13
0.30
fJ (2220) > 2.50 103 CL=99.9% 745
fJ (2220) ( 8 4 ) 105
fJ (2220) K K < 3.6 105
fJ (2220) p p ( 1.5 0.8 ) 105
f2 (2340) ( 5.6 + 2.4 5
2.2 ) 10
f0 (1500) ( 1.01 0.32 ) 104 1183
f0 (1500) ( 1.7 + 0.6 ) 105
1.4
A invisible [ttaa] < 6.3 106 CL=90%
A0 + [uuaa] < 2.1 105 CL=90%
Dalitz decays
0 e + e ( 7.6 1.4 ) 107 1546
e+ e ( 1.16 0.09 ) 105 1500
(958)e + e ( 5.81 0.35 ) 105 1400

Weak decays
D e + e + c.c. < 1.2 105 CL=90% 984
D 0 e + e + c.c. < 1.1 105 CL=90% 987
D +
s e e + c.c. < 3.6 105 CL=90% 923
D + + c.c. < 7.5 105 CL=90% 977

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D 0 K 0 + c.c. < 1.7 104 CL=90% 898


D 0 K 0 + c.c. < 2.5 106 CL=90% 670
D +
s + c.c. < 1.3 104 CL=90% 916
D +
s + c.c. < 1.3 105 CL=90% 663

Charge conjugation (C ), Parity (P),


Lepton Family number (LF ) violating modes
C < 2.7 107 CL=90% 1548
C < 1.4 106 CL=90% 1381
e LF < 1.6 107 CL=90% 1547
e LF < 8.3 106 CL=90% 1039
LF < 2.0 106 CL=90% 1035

Other decays
invisible < 7 104 CL=90%

c0 (1P) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )

Mass m = 3414.75 0.31 MeV


Full width = 10.5 0.6 MeV
Scale factor/ p
c0 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Hadronic decays
2( + ) (2.24 0.18) % 1679
0 + (8.7 2.8 ) 103 1607
f0 (980)f0 (980) (6.5 2.1 ) 104 1391
+ 0 0 (3.3 0.4 ) % 1680
+ 0 + c.c. (2.8 0.4 ) % 1607
4 0 (3.2 0.4 ) 103 1681
+ K + K (1.75 0.14) % 1580
K 0 (1430)0 K 0 (1430)0 + 3.5 ) 104
(9.6 2.8
+ K + K
K 0 (1430)0 K 2 (1430)0 + c.c. + 1.9 ) 104
(7.8 2.4
+ K + K
K1 (1270)+ K + c.c. (6.1 1.9 ) 103
+ K + K
K1 (1400)+ K + c.c. < 2.6 103 CL=90%
+ K + K
f0 (980)f0 (980) + 1.0 ) 104
(1.6 1391
0.9
f0 (980)f0 (2200) + 2.0 ) 104
(7.8 2.5 584
f0 (1370)f0 (1370) < 2.7 104 CL=90% 1019
f0 (1370)f0 (1500) < 1.7 104 CL=90% 921

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f0 (1370)f0 (1710) + 3.5 ) 104


(6.6 720
2.3
f0 (1500)f0 (1370) < 1.3 104 CL=90% 921
f0 (1500)f0 (1500) < 5 105 CL=90% 807
f0 (1500)f0 (1710) < 7 105 CL=90% 557
K K + 0
+ (1.11 0.26) % 1545
K + K 0 0 (5.4 0.9 ) 103 1582
K + K 0 0 + c.c. (2.44 0.33) % 1581
+ K K 0 + c.c. (1.18 0.21) % 1458
K (892) K + 0 (4.5 1.1 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K 0S K 0S + (5.6 1.0 ) 103 1579
K + K 0 (3.0 0.7 ) 103 1468
3( + ) (1.20 0.18) % 1633
K + K (892)0 + c.c. (7.2 1.6 ) 103 1523
K (892)0 K (892)0 (1.7 0.6 ) 103 1456
(8.33 0.35) 103 1702
0 < 1.8 104 1661
0 < 1.1 103 1570
(2.95 0.19) 103 1617
< 2.3 104 CL=90% 1521
(1.96 0.21) 103 1413
(9.5 1.1 ) 104 1517
(1.16 0.21) 104 1447
K+K (5.91 0.32) 103 1634
K 0S K 0S (3.10 0.18) 103 1633
+ < 1.9 104 CL=90% 1651
+ < 3.5 104 CL=90% 1560
K 0 K + + c.c. < 9 105 CL=90% 1610
K + K 0 < 6 105 CL=90% 1611
K+K < 2.2 104 CL=90% 1512
K + K K 0S K 0S (1.4 0.5 ) 103 1331
K+KK+K (2.75 0.28) 103 1333
K+K (9.5 2.4 ) 104 1381
(7.7 0.7 ) 104 1370
pp (2.25 0.09) 104 1426
p p 0 (6.8 0.7 ) 104 S=1.3 1379
pp (3.5 0.4 ) 104 1187
pp (5.1 0.6 ) 104 1043
pp (5.9 1.4 ) 105 876
p p + (2.1 0.7 ) 103 S=1.4 1320
p p 0 0 (1.02 0.27) 103 1324
p p K + K (non-resonant) (1.19 0.26) 104 890
p p K 0S K 0S < 8.8 104 CL=90% 884

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p n (1.24 0.11) 103 1376


p n + (1.34 0.12) 103 1376
p n 0 (2.29 0.21) 103 1321
p n + 0 (2.16 0.18) 103 1321
(3.21 0.25) 104 1292
+ (1.15 0.13) 103 1153
+ (non-resonant) < 5 104 CL=90% 1153
(1385)+ + c.c. < 5 104 CL=90% 1083
(1385) + + c.c. < 5 104 CL=90% 1083
+
K p + c.c. (1.22 0.12) 103 S=1.3 1132
K + p (1520)+ c.c. (2.9 0.7 ) 104 858
(1520)(1520) (3.1 1.2 ) 104 779
00 (4.4 0.4 ) 104 1222
+ (3.9 0.7 ) 104 S=1.7 1225
(1385)+ (1385) (1.6 0.6 ) 104 1001
(1385) (1385)+ (2.3 0.6 ) 104 1001
00 (3.1 0.8 ) 104 1089
+ (4.7 0.7 ) 104 1081

Radiative decays
J/(1S) (1.27 0.06) % 303
0 < 9 106 CL=90% 1619
< 8 106 CL=90% 1618
< 6 106 CL=90% 1555
(2.23 0.13) 104 1707

c1 (1P) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )

Mass m = 3510.66 0.07 MeV (S = 1.5)


Full width = 0.84 0.04 MeV
Scale factor/ p
c1 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Hadronic decays
3( + ) ( 5.8 1.4 ) 103 S=1.2 1683
2( + ) ( 7.6 2.6 ) 103 1728
+ 0 0 ( 1.22 0.16) % 1729
+ 0 + c.c. ( 1.48 0.25) % 1658
0 + ( 3.9 3.5 ) 103 1657
4 0 ( 5.5 0.8 ) 104 1729
+ K + K ( 4.5 1.0 ) 103 1632
K + K 0 0 ( 1.14 0.28) 103 1634

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K + K 0 0 + c.c. ( 8.7 1.4 ) 103 1632


K + K 0 + c.c. ( 5.1 1.2 ) 103 1514
K (892)0 K 0 0 ( 2.4 0.7 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K K 0
+ ( 1.14 0.35) 103 1523
+ K 0S K 0S ( 7.0 3.0 ) 104 1630
K+K ( 3.2 1.0 ) 104 1566
K 0 K + + c.c. ( 7.1 0.6 ) 103 1661
K (892)0 K 0 + c.c. ( 1.0 0.4 ) 103 1602
K (892)+ K + c.c. ( 1.5 0.7 ) 103 1602
K J (1430)0 K 0 + c.c. < 8 104 CL=90%
K 0S K + + c.c.
K J (1430)+ K + c.c. < 2.2 103 CL=90%
K 0S K + + c.c.
K + K 0 ( 1.85 0.25) 103 1662
+ ( 4.9 0.5 ) 103 1701
a0 (980)+ + c.c. + ( 1.8 0.6 ) 103
f2 (1270) ( 2.7 0.8 ) 103 1467
+ ( 2.3 0.5 ) 103 1612
0 f0 (980) 0 + < 6 106 CL=90%
K + K (892)0 + c.c. ( 3.2 2.1 ) 103 1577
K (892)0 K (892)0 ( 1.5 0.4 ) 103 1512
K + K K 0S K 0S < 4 104 CL=90% 1390
K+KK+K ( 5.5 1.1 ) 104 1393
K+K ( 4.2 1.6 ) 104 1440
( 5.8 0.7 ) 104 1571
( 2.1 0.6 ) 105 1503
( 4.2 0.5 ) 104 1429
pp ( 7.72 0.35) 105 1484
p p 0 ( 1.59 0.19) 104 1438
pp ( 1.48 0.25) 104 1254
pp ( 2.16 0.31) 104 1117
pp < 1.8 105 CL=90% 962
p p + ( 5.0 1.9 ) 104 1381
p p K + K (non-resonant) ( 1.30 0.23) 104 974
p p K 0S K 0S < 4.5 104 CL=90% 968
p n ( 3.9 0.5 ) 104 1435
p n + ( 4.0 0.5 ) 104 1435
p n 0 ( 1.05 0.12) 103 1383
p n + 0 ( 1.03 0.12) 103 1383
( 1.16 0.12) 104 1355
+ ( 3.0 0.5 ) 104 1223
+ (non-resonant) ( 2.5 0.6 ) 104 1223

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(1385)+ + c.c. < 1.3 104 CL=90% 1157


(1385) + + c.c. < 1.3 104 CL=90% 1157
+
K p ( 4.2 0.4 ) 104 S=1.1 1203
K + p (1520)+ c.c. ( 1.7 0.5 ) 104 950
(1520)(1520) < 1.0 104 CL=90% 879
00 < 4 105 CL=90% 1288
+ < 6 105 CL=90% 1291
(1385)+ (1385) < 1.0 104 CL=90% 1081
(1385) (1385)+ < 5 105 CL=90% 1081
00 < 6 105 CL=90% 1163
+ ( 8.2 2.2 ) 105 1155
+ + K + K < 2.1 103
K 0S K 0S < 6 105 CL=90% 1683

Radiative decays
J/(1S) (33.9 1.2 ) % 389
0 ( 2.20 0.18) 104 1670
( 6.9 0.8 ) 105 1668
( 2.5 0.5 ) 105 1607

hc (1P) I G (J PC ) = ?? (1 + )

Mass m = 3525.38 0.11 MeV


Full width = 0.7 0.4 MeV
p
hc (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

J/(1S) not seen 312


pp < 1.5 104 90% 1492
c (1S) (51 6 ) % 500
+ 0 < 2.2 103 1749
2 + 2 0 + 0.8 ) %
( 2.2 0.7 1716
3 + 3 0 < 2.9 % 1661

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c2 (1P) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 3556.20 0.09 MeV


Full width = 1.93 0.11 MeV
p
c2 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

Hadronic decays
2( + ) ( 1.07 0.10) % 1751
+ 0 0 ( 1.92 0.25) % 1752
+ 0 + c.c. ( 2.3 0.4 ) % 1682
4 0 ( 1.16 0.16) 103 1752
K + K 0 0 ( 2.2 0.4 ) 103 1658
K + K 0 0 + c.c. ( 1.44 0.21) % 1657
K + K 0 + c.c. ( 4.3 1.3 ) 103 1540
K (892)0 K + ( 3.1 0.8 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K (892)0 K 0 0
( 4.0 0.9 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K (892) K + 0
( 3.9 0.9 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K (892)+ K 0
( 3.1 0.8 ) 103
K + K 0 0 + c.c.
K + K 0 ( 1.3 0.5 ) 103 1549
K + K + ( 8.9 1.0 ) 103 1656
K + K + 0 ( 1.23 0.34) % 1623
K + K (892)0 + c.c. ( 2.2 1.1 ) 103 1602
K (892)0 K (892)0 ( 2.4 0.5 ) 103 1538
3( + ) ( 8.6 1.8 ) 103 1707
( 1.12 0.10) 103 1457
( 8.8 1.1 ) 104 1597
( 2.33 0.12) 103 1773
0 + ( 3.8 1.6 ) 103 1682
+ ( 5.0 1.3 ) 104 1724
+ ( 5.2 1.9 ) 104 1636
( 5.7 0.5 ) 104 1692
K+K ( 1.05 0.07) 103 1708
K 0S K 0S ( 5.5 0.4 ) 104 1707
K 0 K + + c.c. ( 1.34 0.19) 103 1685
K + K 0 ( 3.2 0.8 ) 104 1686
K+K < 3.4 104 90% 1592
< 6 105 90% 1600
< 1.0 104 90% 1498
+ K 0S K 0S ( 2.3 0.6 ) 103 1655

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K + K K 0S K 0S < 4 104 90% 1418


K+KK+K ( 1.73 0.21) 103 1421
K+K ( 1.48 0.31) 103 1468
pp ( 7.5 0.4 ) 105 1510
p p 0 ( 4.9 0.4 ) 104 1465
pp ( 1.82 0.26) 104 1285
pp ( 3.8 0.5 ) 104 1152
pp ( 2.9 0.9 ) 105 1002
p p + ( 1.32 0.34) 103 1410
p p 0 0 ( 8.2 2.5 ) 104 1414
p p K + K (non-resonant) ( 2.00 0.34) 104 1013
p p K 0S K 0S < 7.9 104 90% 1007
p n ( 8.9 1.0 ) 104 1463
p n + ( 9.3 0.9 ) 104 1463
p n 0 ( 2.27 0.19) 103 1411
p n + 0 ( 2.21 0.20) 103 1411
( 1.92 0.16) 104 1385
+ ( 1.31 0.17) 103 1255
+ (non-resonant) ( 6.9 1.6 ) 104 1255
(1385)+ + c.c. < 4 104 90% 1192
(1385) + + c.c. < 6 104 90% 1192
+
K p + c.c. ( 8.1 0.6 ) 104 1236
K + p (1520)+ c.c. ( 2.9 0.7 ) 104 992
(1520)(1520) ( 4.8 1.5 ) 104 923
00 < 6 105 90% 1319
+ < 7 105 90% 1322
(1385)+ (1385) < 1.6 104 90% 1118
(1385) (1385)+ < 8 105 90% 1118
00 < 1.1 104 90% 1197
+ ( 1.48 0.33) 104 1189
J/(1S) + 0 < 1.5 % 90% 185
c (1S) + < 2.2 % 90% 459

Radiative decays
J/(1S) (19.2 0.7 ) % 430
0 < 2.0 105 90% 1694
< 6 106 90% 1692
< 8 106 90% 1632
( 2.74 0.14) 104 1778

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c (2S) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + )

Quantum numbers are quark model predictions.


Mass m = 3639.2 1.2 MeV
Full width = 11.3 + 3.2
2.9 MeV
p
c (2S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

hadrons not seen


KK ( 1.9 1.2) % 1730
KK ( 5 4 ) 103 1638
2 + 2 not seen 1793
0 0 not seen 1646
3 + 3 not seen 1750
K + K + not seen 1701
K 0 K 0 not seen 1586
K + K + 0 ( 1.4 1.0) % 1668
K + K 2 + 2 not seen 1628
K 0S K 2 + + c.c. seen 1667
2K + 2K not seen 1471
not seen 1507
pp < 2.0 103 90% 1559
( 1.9 1.3) 104 1820
+ not seen 1767
+ not seen 1681
+ c (1S) < 25 % 90% 539

(2S) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 3686.109 + 0.012


0.014 MeV
Full width = 298 8 keV
e e = 2.35 0.04 keV
Scale factor/ p
(2S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

hadrons (97.85 0.13 ) %


virtual hadrons ( 1.73 0.14 ) % S=1.5
ggg (10.6 1.6 ) %
g g ( 1.03 0.29 ) %
light hadrons (15.4 1.5 ) %
e+ e ( 7.89 0.17 ) 103 1843
+ ( 7.9 0.9 ) 103 1840
+ ( 3.1 0.4 ) 103 490

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Decays into J/(1S) and anything


J/(1S)anything (61.0 0.6 )%
J/(1S)neutrals (25.11 0.33 ) %
J/(1S) + (34.46 0.30 ) % 477
J/(1S) 0 0 (18.14 0.31 ) % 481
J/(1S) ( 3.36 0.05 ) % 199
J/(1S) 0 ( 1.268 0.032) 103 528

Hadronic decays
0 hc (1P) ( 8.6 1.3 ) 104 85
3( + ) 0 ( 3.5 1.6 ) 103 1746
2( + ) 0 ( 2.9 1.0 ) 103 S=4.7 1799
a2 (1320) ( 2.6 0.9 ) 104 1500
pp ( 2.87 0.09 ) 104 1586
++ ( 1.28 0.35 ) 104 1371
0 < 2.9 106 CL=90% 1412
( 2.5 0.4 ) 105 1197
p K+ ( 1.00 0.14 ) 104 1327
p K + + ( 1.8 0.4 ) 104 1167
+ ( 2.8 0.6 ) 104 1346
( 3.57 0.18 ) 104 1467
+ + c.c. ( 1.40 0.13 ) 104 1376
+ + c.c. ( 1.54 0.14 ) 104 1379
0 p K + + c.c. ( 1.67 0.18 ) 105 1291
+ ( 2.51 0.21 ) 104 1408
00 ( 2.32 0.16 ) 104 1405
(1385)+ (1385) ( 1.1 0.4 ) 104 1218
+ ( 2.64 0.18 ) 104 1284
00 ( 2.07 0.23 ) 104 1292
(1530)0 (1530)0 ( 5.2 + 3.2
1.2 ) 105 1025
+ ( 4.7 ) 105
1.0 774
0 p p ( 1.53 0.07 ) 104 1543
N(940)p + c.c. 0 p p ( 6.4 + 1.8 ) 105
1.3
N(1440)p + c.c. 0 p p + 1.7 ) 105
( 7.3 1.5 S=2.5
N(1520)p + c.c. 0 p p ( 6.4 + 2.3 ) 106
1.8
N(1535)p + c.c. 0 p p ( 2.5 1.0 ) 105
N(1650)p + c.c. 0 p p ( 3.8 + 1.4
1.7 ) 105
N(1720)p + c.c. 0 p p + 0.26 ) 105
( 1.79 0.70
N(2300)p + c.c. 0 p p ( 2.6 + 1.2
0.7 ) 10
5
N(2570)p + c.c. 0 p p + 0.40 ) 105
( 2.13 0.31

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0 f0 (2100) 0 p p ( 1.1 0.4 ) 105


pp ( 6.0 0.4 ) 105 1373
f0 (2100) p p ( 1.2 0.4 ) 105
N(1535)p p p ( 4.4 0.7 ) 105
pp ( 6.9 ) 105
2.1 1247
p p < 2.4 105 CL=90% 1109
+ p p ( 6.0 0.4 ) 104 1491
p n or c.c. ( 2.48 0.17 ) 104
p n 0 ( 3.2 0.7 ) 104 1492
2( + 0 ) ( 4.8 1.5 ) 103 1776
+ < 1.6 104 CL=90% 1791
+ 0 ( 9.5 1.7 ) 104 1778
2( + ) ( 1.2 0.6 ) 103 1758
+ 0 ( 4.5 2.1 ) 104 1692
+ ( 7.3 1.2 ) 104 S=2.1 1748
b1
( 4.0 0.6 ) 104 S=1.1 1635
b01 0 ( 2.4 0.6 ) 104
f2 (1270) ( 2.2 0.4 ) 104 1515
K + K
+ ( 7.5 0.9 ) 104 S=1.9 1726
0 K + K ( 2.2 0.4 ) 104 1616
K (892)0 K 2 (1430)0 ( 1.9 0.5 ) 104 1418
K + K + ( 1.3 ) 103
0.7 1574
K + K 2( + ) 0 ( 1.00 0.31 ) 103 1611
K + K 2( + ) ( 1.9 0.9 ) 103 1654
K1 (1270) K ( 1.00 0.28 ) 103 1581
K 0S K 0S + ( 2.2 0.4 ) 104 1724
0 p p ( 5.0 2.2 ) 105 1252
K + K (892)0 + c.c. ( 6.7 2.5 ) 104 1674
2( + ) ( 2.4 ) 104
0.6 S=2.2 1817
0 + ( 2.2 0.6 ) 104 S=1.4 1750
K K + 0
+ ( 1.26 0.09 ) 103 1694
f0 (1710) K + K ( 5.9 2.2 ) 105
K (892)0 K + 0 + c.c. ( 8.6 2.2 ) 104
K (892)+ K + + c.c. ( 9.6 2.8 ) 104
K (892)+ K 0 + c.c. ( 7.3 2.6 ) 104
K (892)0 K + + c.c. ( 6.1 1.8 ) 104
K + K , no ( 3.1 0.4 ) 105 1664
K+K ( 1.62 0.11 ) 104 S=1.1 1614
K (892)+ K + c.c. ( 2.07 0.26 ) 104 1482
K 2 (1430)+ K + c.c. ( 6.1 1.2 ) 105 1253
K (892)0 K 0 ( 1.68 0.30 ) 104 1481
K 2 (1430)0 K 0 ( 5.8 2.2 ) 105 1251
X (1440) K 0S K + + ( 1.6 0.4 ) 105
c.c.

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X (1440) K + K 0 ( 1.09 0.26 ) 105


f1 (1285) K 0S K + + ( 3.0 1.0 ) 106
c.c.
f1 (1285) K + K 0 ( 1.2 0.7 ) 106
3( + ) ( 3.5 2.0 ) 104 S=2.8 1774
p p + 0 ( 7.3 ) 104
0.7 1435
K+K ( 7.1 0.5 ) 105 S=1.5 1776
K 0S K 0L ( 5.34 0.33 ) 105 1775
+ 0 ( 2.01 0.17 ) 104 S=1.7 1830
(2150) + 0 ( 1.9 + 1.2
0.4 ) 104
(770) + 0 ( 3.2 1.2 ) 105 S=1.8
+ ( 7.8 2.6 ) 106 1838
K1 (1400) K < 3.1 104 CL=90% 1532
K 2 (1430) K ( 7.1 + 1.3
0.9 ) 10
5
K + K 0 ( 4.07 0.31 ) 105 1754
K + K (892) + c.c. ( 2.9 0.4 ) 105 S=1.2 1698
K (892)0 K 0 +c.c. ( 1.09 0.20 ) 104 1697
+ ( 1.17 0.29 ) 104 S=1.7 1690
f0 (980) + ( 6.8 2.4 ) 105 S=1.1
2(K + K ) ( 6.0 ) 105
1.4 1499
K+ K ( 7.0 1.6 ) 105 1546
2(K + K ) 0 ( 1.10 0.28 ) 104 1440
( 3.10 0.31 ) 105 1654
( 3.1 1.6 ) 105 1555
( 3.2 + 2.5
2.1 ) 105 1623
0 ( 2.1 0.6 ) 105 1757
( 1.9 + 1.7
1.2 ) 105 1625
( 2.2 0.6 ) 105 S=1.1 1717
< 1.1 105 CL=90% 1715
0 < 4 107 CL=90% 1699
c + 0 < 1.0 103 CL=90% 512
ppK+K ( 2.7 0.7 ) 105 1118
n K 0S + c.c. ( 8.1 1.8 ) 105 1324
f 2 (1525) ( 4.4 1.6 ) 105 1321
(1540)(1540) < 8.8 106 CL=90%
K 0S p K n + c.c.
(1540)K n K 0S p K n < 1.0 105 CL=90%
(1540)K 0S p K 0S p K + n < 7.0 106 CL=90%
(1540)K + n K 0S p K + n < 2.6 105 CL=90%
(1540)K 0S p K 0S p K n < 6.0 106 CL=90%
K 0S K 0S < 4.6 106 1775

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Radiative decays
c0 (1P) ( 9.99 0.27 ) % 261
c1 (1P) ( 9.55 0.31 ) % 171
c2 (1P) ( 9.11 0.31 ) % 128
c (1S) ( 3.4 0.5 ) 103 S=1.3 636
c (2S) ( 7 5 ) 104 47
0 ( 1.6 0.4 ) 106 1841
(958) ( 1.23 0.06 ) 104 1719
f2 (1270) ( 2.1 0.4 ) 104 1622
f0 (1710) ( 3.0 1.3 ) 105
f0 (1710) K K ( 6.0 1.6 ) 105
< 1.4 104 CL=90% 1843
( 1.4 0.5 ) 106 1802
+ ( 8.7 2.1 ) 104 1791
(1405) K K < 9 105 CL=90% 1569
(1405) + ( 3.6 2.5 ) 105
(1475) K K < 1.4 104 CL=90%
(1475) + < 8.8 105 CL=90%
2( + ) ( 4.0 0.6 ) 104 1817
K 0 K + + c.c. ( 3.7 0.9 ) 104 1674
K 0 K 0 ( 2.4 0.7 ) 104 1613
K 0S K + + c.c. ( 2.6 0.5 ) 104 1753
K + K + ( 1.9 0.5 ) 104 1726
pp ( 3.9 0.5 ) 105 S=2.0 1586
f2 (1950) p p ( 1.20 0.22 ) 105
f2 (2150) p p ( 7.2 1.8 ) 106
X (1835) p p ( 4.6 + 1.8 ) 106
4.0
X pp [vvaa] < 2 106 CL=90%
+ p p ( 2.8 1.4 ) 105 1491
2( + ) K + K < 2.2 104 CL=90% 1654
3( + ) < 1.7 104 CL=90% 1774
K+KK+K < 4 105 CL=90% 1499
J/ ( 3.1 + 1.0 ) 104 542
1.2

Other decays
invisible < 1.6 % CL=90%

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(3770) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 3773.15 0.33 MeV


Full width = 27.2 1.0 MeV
ee = 0.262 0.018 keV (S = 1.4)
In addition to the dominant decay mode to D D, (3770) was found
to decay into the final states containing the J/ (BAI 05, ADAM 06).
ADAMS 06 and HUANG 06A searched for various decay modes with light
hadrons and found a statistically significant signal for the decay to only
(ADAMS 06).

Scale factor/ p
(3770) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

DD (93 +8 )% S=2.0 286


9
D0 D0 (52 5 )% S=2.0 286
D+ D (41 4 ) % S=2.0 252
J/ + ( 1.93 0.28) 103 560
J/ 0 0 ( 8.0 3.0 ) 104 564
J/ ( 9 4 ) 104 360
J/ 0 < 2.8 104 CL=90% 603
e+ e ( 9.6 0.7 ) 106 S=1.3 1887

Decays to light hadrons


b1 (1235) < 1.4 105 CL=90% 1683
< 7 104 CL=90% 1607
< 4 104 CL=90% 1672
0 < 6 104 CL=90% 1674
( 3.1 0.7 ) 104 1703
< 1.4 105 CL=90% 1762
0 < 5 104 CL=90% 1764
0 < 3 105 CL=90% 1746
0 < 6 104 CL=90% 1803
+ 0 < 5 106 CL=90% 1874
< 5 106 CL=90% 1804
K (892)+ K + c.c.
< 1.4 105 CL=90% 1745
K (892)0 K 0 + c.c. < 1.2 103 CL=90% 1744
K 0S K 0L < 1.2 105 CL=90% 1820
2( + ) < 1.12 103 CL=90% 1861
2( + ) 0 < 1.06 103 CL=90% 1843
2( + 0 ) < 5.85 % CL=90% 1821
+ < 6.0 104 CL=90% 1794
3( + ) < 9.1 103 1819
3( + ) 0 < 1.37 % 1792
3( + ) 2 0 < 11.74 % CL=90% 1760

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+ < 1.24 103 CL=90% 1836


+ 2 0 < 8.9 103 CL=90% 1862
0 + < 6.9 103 CL=90% 1796
3 < 1.34 103 CL=90% 1824
2( + ) < 2.43 % 1804
0 + < 1.45 % CL=90% 1708
3 < 2.44 103 CL=90% 1740
K + K + < 9.0 104 CL=90% 1772
+ < 4.1 104 CL=90% 1737
K K 2 0
+ < 4.2 103 CL=90% 1774
4( + ) < 1.67 % CL=90% 1757
4( + ) 0 < 3.06 % CL=90% 1720
f0 (980) < 4.5 104 CL=90% 1597
K + K + 0 < 2.36 103 CL=90% 1741
K + K 0 0 < 8 104 CL=90% 1624
K + K + < 1.46 % CL=90% 1622
K+K < 3.4 104 CL=90% 1664
+ 0 < 3.8 103 CL=90% 1722
K 0 K + 0 + c.c. < 1.62 % CL=90% 1693
K + K + + c.c. < 3.23 % CL=90% 1692
K + K + 2 0 < 2.67 % CL=90% 1705
K + K 2( + ) < 1.03 % CL=90% 1702
K + K 2( + ) 0 < 3.60 % CL=90% 1660
K+ K < 4.1 104 CL=90% 1712
K + K + < 1.24 % CL=90% 1624
0 K + K < 5.0 103 CL=90% 1665
2(K + K ) < 6.0 104 CL=90% 1552
K+ K < 7.5 104 CL=90% 1598
2(K + K ) 0 < 2.9 104 CL=90% 1493
2(K + K ) + < 3.2 103 CL=90% 1425
K 0S K + < 3.2 103 CL=90% 1799
K 0S K + 0 < 1.33 % CL=90% 1773
K 0S K + < 6.6 103 CL=90% 1664
K 0S K 2 + < 8.7 103 CL=90% 1739
K 0S K + 0 < 1.6 % CL=90% 1621
K 0S K + < 1.3 % CL=90% 1669
K 0S K 2 + 0 < 4.18 % CL=90% 1703
K 0S K 2 + < 4.8 % CL=90% 1570
K 0S K + 2( + ) < 1.22 % CL=90% 1658
K 0S K + 2 0 < 2.65 % CL=90% 1742
K 0S K K + K + < 4.9 103 CL=90% 1490
K 0S K K + K + 0 < 3.0 % CL=90% 1427
K 0S K K + K + < 2.2 % CL=90% 1214

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K 0 K + + c.c. < 9.7 103 CL=90% 1722


p p 0 < 4 105 CL=90% 1595
p p + < 5.8 104 CL=90% 1544
< 1.2 104 CL=90% 1521
p p + 0 < 1.85 103 CL=90% 1490
pp < 2.9 104 CL=90% 1309
0 < 7 105 CL=90% 1469
p p 2( + ) < 2.6 103 CL=90% 1425
pp < 5.4 104 CL=90% 1430
p p + < 3.3 103 CL=90% 1284
0 p p < 1.7 103 CL=90% 1313
ppK+K < 3.2 104 CL=90% 1185
ppK+ K < 6.9 103 CL=90% 736
0 p p K + K < 1.2 103 CL=90% 1093
p p < 1.3 104 CL=90% 1178
+ < 2.5 104 CL=90% 1405
p K+ < 2.8 104 CL=90% 1387
p K + + < 6.3 104 CL=90% 1234
< 1.9 104 CL=90% 1262
+ < 1.0 104 CL=90% 1464
00 < 4 105 CL=90% 1462
+ < 1.5 104 CL=90% 1346
00 < 1.4 104 CL=90% 1353

Radiative decays
c2 < 9 104 CL=90% 211
c1 ( 2.7 0.5 ) 103 253
c0 ( 7.3 0.9 ) 103 341
c < 7 104 CL=90% 707
c (2S) < 9 104 CL=90% 132
< 1.8 104 CL=90% 1765
< 1.5 104 CL=90% 1847
0 < 2 104 CL=90% 1884

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X (3872) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )

Mass m = 3871.69 0.17 MeV


m X (3872) m J/ = 775 4 MeV
m X (3872) m (2S)
Full width < 1.2 MeV, CL = 90%

X (3872) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

+ J/(1S) > 2.6 % 650


J/(1S) > 1.9 %
D 0 D 0 0 >32 % 117
D 0 D 0 >24 %
J/ > 6 103 697
(2S) > 3.0 % 181
+ c (1S) not seen 746
pp not seen 1693

X (3900) I (J P ) = ?(1+ )

Mass m = 3888.7 3.4 MeV (S = 1.3)


Full width = 35 7 MeV

X (3900) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

J/ seen 700
hc not seen
(D D ) seen

c0 (3915)
I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )
was c0 (2P)

Mass m = 3918.4 1.9 MeV


Full width = 20 5 MeV (S = 1.1)

c0 (3915) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

J/ seen 222
+ c (1S) not seen 785
KK not seen 1896
seen 1959

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c2 (2P) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )

Mass m = 3927.2 2.6 MeV


Full width = 24 6 MeV

c2 (2P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

seen 1964
DD seen 615
D+ D seen 600
D0 D0 seen 615
+ c (1S) not seen 792
KK not seen 1901

(4040) [xxaa] I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 4039 1 MeV


Full width = 80 10 MeV
ee = 0.86 0.07 keV
Due to the complexity of the c c threshold region, in this listing, seen
(not seen) means that a cross section for the mode in question has been

measured at effective s near this particles central mass value, more

(less) than 2 above zero, without regard to any peaking behavior in s
or absence thereof. See mode listing(s) for details and references.

p
(4040) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

e+ e (1.07 0.16) 105 2019


DD seen 775
D0 D0 seen 775
D+ D seen 763
D D + c.c. seen 569
D (2007)0 D 0 + c.c. seen 575
D (2010)+ D + c.c. seen 561
D D seen 193
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 seen 225
D (2010)+ D (2010) seen 193
D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. not seen
D (2007)0 D 0 +c.c.,
D (2010)+ D +c.c.)
D D (excl. D D )
not seen
D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. seen
D (2010)+ D (2010) )
D+s Ds

seen 452

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J/ + < 4 103 90% 794


J/ 0 0 < 2 103 90% 797
J/ (5.2 0.7 ) 103 675
J/ 0 < 2.8 104 90% 823
J/ + 0 < 2 103 90% 746
c1 < 1.1 % 90% 494
c2 < 1.7 % 90% 454
c1 + 0 < 1.1 % 90% 306
c2 + 0 < 3.2 % 90% 233
hc (1P) + < 3 103 90% 403
+ < 3 103 90% 1880
+ < 2.9 104 90% 1578
0 < 9 105 90% 1636
< 3.0 104 90% 1452
+ < 1.3 104 90% 1632
00 < 7 105 90% 1630
+ < 1.6 104 90% 1527
00 < 1.8 104 90% 1533

(4160) [xxaa] I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 4191 5 MeV


Full width = 70 10 MeV
ee = 0.48 0.22 keV
Due to the complexity of the c c threshold region, in this listing, seen
(not seen) means that a cross section for the mode in question has been

measured at effective s near this particles central mass value, more

(less) than 2 above zero, without regard to any peaking behavior in s
or absence thereof. See mode listing(s) for details and references.

p
(4160) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

e+ e (6.9 3.3) 106 2096


+ seen 2093
DD seen 956
D0 D0 seen 956
D+ D seen 947

D D + c.c. seen 798
D (2007)0 D 0 + c.c. seen 802
D (2010)+ D + c.c. seen 792
D D seen 592
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 seen 603
D (2010)+ D (2010) seen 592

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D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. not seen


D (2007)0 D 0 +c.c.,
D (2010)+ D +c.c.)
D D +c.c. (excl. D D ) seen
D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. not seen
D (2010)+ D (2010) )
+
Ds Ds not seen 720
D +
s D s +c.c. seen 385
J/ + < 3 103 90% 919
J/ 0 0 < 3 103 90% 922
J/ K + K < 2 103 90% 407
J/ < 8 103 90% 821
J/ 0 < 1 103 90% 944
J/ < 5 103 90% 457
J/ + 0 < 1 103 90% 879
(2S) + < 4 103 90% 396
c1 < 7 103 90% 625
c2 < 1.3 % 90% 587
c1 + 0 < 2 103 90% 496
c2 + 0 < 8 103 90% 445
hc (1P) + < 5 103 90% 556
hc (1P) 0 0 < 2 103 90% 560
hc (1P) < 2 103 90% 348
hc (1P) 0 < 4 104 90% 600
+ < 2 103 90% 1961

X (4260) I G (J PC ) = ?? (1 )

Mass m = 4251 9 MeV (S = 1.6)


Full width = 120 12 MeV (S = 1.1)

X (4260) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

J/ + seen 967
J/ f0 (980), f0 (980) + seen
X (3900) , X J/ seen
J/ 0 0 seen 969
J/ K + K seen 512
J/ K 0S K 0S not seen 501
X (3872) seen 363
J/ not seen 876
J/ 0 not seen 991
J/ not seen 552

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J/ + 0 not seen 930


J/ not seen 311
(2S) + not seen 459
(2S) not seen 129
c0 not seen 265
c1 not seen 676
c2 not seen 638
c1 + 0 not seen 560
c2 + 0 not seen 512
hc (1P) + not seen 613
+ not seen 1993
f0 (980) + not seen
DD not seen 1020
D0 D0 not seen 1020
D+ D not seen 1011
D D +c.c. not seen 887
D (2007)0 D 0 +c.c. not seen
D (2010)+ D +c.c. not seen
D D not seen 691
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 not seen 700
D (2010)+ D (2010) not seen 691
D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. not seen
D (2007)0 D 0 +c.c.,
D (2010)+ D +c.c.)
D D +c.c. (excl. D D )
not seen 723
D 0 D + +c.c. (excl. not seen
D (2010)+ D (2010) )
D 0 D (2010) + +c.c. not seen 716
D D not seen 448
D+s Ds

not seen 803
D +
s D s +c.c. not seen 615
D +
s Ds

not seen 239
pp not seen 1907
K 0S K not seen 2048
K + K 0 not seen 2049

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X (4360) I G (J PC ) = ?? (1 )

X (4360) MASS = 4354 10 MeV


X (4360) WIDTH = 78 16 MeV

X (4360) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

(2S) + seen 560

(4415) [xxaa] I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 4421 4 MeV


Full width = 62 20 MeV
ee = 0.58 0.07 keV
Due to the complexity of the c c threshold region, in this listing, seen
(not seen) means that a cross section for the mode in question has been

measured at effective s near this particles central mass value, more

(less) than 2 above zero, without regard to any peaking behavior in s
or absence thereof. See mode listing(s) for details and references.

p
(4415) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

DD not seen 1187


D0 D0 seen 1187
D+ D seen 1179
D D + c.c. not seen 1063
D (2007)0 D 0 + c.c. seen 1066
D (2010)+ D + c.c. seen 1059
D D not seen 919
D (2007)0 D (2007)0 + c.c. seen 926
D (2010)+ D (2010) + c.c. seen 919
D 0 D + (excl. D (2007)0 D 0 < 2.3 % 90%
+c.c., D (2010)+ D +c.c.
D D 2 (2460) D 0 D + +c.c. (10 4 ) %
D 0 D + +c.c. < 11 % 90% 926
D+s Ds

not seen 1006
D +
s D s +c.c. seen
D +
s Ds

not seen 652
J/ < 6 103 90% 1022
e+ e ( 9.4 3.2) 106 2210

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X (4430) I (J P ) = ?(1+ )

Quantum numbers not established.


Mass m = 4478 + 15
18 MeV
Full width = 181 31 MeV

X (4430) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

+ (2S) seen 711


+ J/ not seen 1162

X (4660) I G (J PC ) = ?? (1 )

X (4660) MASS = 4665 10 MeV


X (4660) WIDTH = 53 16 MeV (S = 1.1)

X (4660) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

(2S) + seen 840

bb MESONS

(1S) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 9460.30 0.26 MeV (S = 3.3)


Full width = 54.02 1.25 keV
ee = 1.340 0.018 keV
p
(1S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

+ ( 2.60 0.10 ) % 4384


e+ e ( 2.38 0.11 ) % 4730
+ ( 2.48 0.05 ) % 4729

Hadronic decays
ggg (81.7 0.7 )%
g g ( 2.2 0.6 ) %
(958) anything ( 2.94 0.24 ) %
J/(1S) anything ( 6.5 0.7 ) 104 4223
J/(1S)c < 2.2 106 90% 3623

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J/(1S)c0 < 3.4 106 90% 3429


J/(1S)c1 ( 3.9 1.2 ) 106 3382
J/(1S)c2 < 1.4 106 90% 3359
J/(1S)c (2S) < 2.2 106 90% 3316
J/(1S)X (3940) < 5.4 106 90% 3148
J/(1S)X (4160) < 5.4 106 90% 3018
c0 anything < 5 103 90%
c1 anything ( 2.3 0.7 ) 104
c2 anything ( 3.4 1.0 ) 104
(2S) anything ( 2.7 0.9 ) 104
(2S)c < 3.6 106 90% 3345
(2S)c0 < 6.5 106 90% 3124
(2S)c1 < 4.5 106 90% 3070
(2S)c2 < 2.1 106 90% 3043
(2S)c (2S) < 3.2 106 90% 2993
(2S)X (3940) < 2.9 106 90% 2797
(2S)X (4160) < 2.9 106 90% 2642
< 3.68 106 90% 4697
0 < 3.90 106 90% 4697
+ < 5 104 90% 4728
K+K < 5 104 90% 4704
pp < 5 104 90% 4636
+ 0 ( 2.1 0.8 ) 106 4725
K+ K ( 2.4 0.5 ) 106 4622
+ ( 4.5 1.0 ) 106 4694
K (892)0 K + + c.c. ( 4.4 0.8 ) 106 4667
f 2 (1525) < 1.63 106 90% 4549
f2 (1270) < 1.79 106 90% 4611
(770)a2 (1320) < 2.24 106 90% 4605
K (892)0 K 2 (1430)0 + c.c. ( 3.0 0.8 ) 106 4579
K1 (1270) K < 2.41 106 90% 4631
K1 (1400) K ( 1.0 0.4 ) 106 4613
b1 (1235) < 1.25 106 90% 4649
+ 0 0 ( 1.28 0.30 ) 105 4720
K 0S K + + c.c. ( 1.6 0.4 ) 106 4696
K (892)0 K 0 + c.c. ( 2.9 0.9 ) 106 4675
K (892) K + + c.c. < 1.11 106 90% 4675
D (2010) anything ( 2.52 0.20 ) %
d anything ( 2.86 0.28 ) 105
Sum of 100 exclusive modes ( 1.200 0.017) %

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Radiative decays
+ ( 6.3 ) 105
1.8 4728
0 0 ( 1.7 ) 105
0.7 4728
0 < 2.4 106 90% 4713
K+K [yyaa] ( 1.14 0.13 ) 105 4704
pp [zzaa] < 6 106 90% 4636
2h+ 2h ( 7.0 1.5 ) 104 4720
3h+ 3h ( 5.4 2.0 ) 104 4703
4h+ 4h ( 7.4 3.5 ) 104 4679
+ K + K ( 2.9 0.9 ) 104 4686
2 + 2 ( 2.5 0.9 ) 104 4720
3 + 3 ( 2.5 1.2 ) 104 4703
2 + 2 K + K ( 2.4 1.2 ) 104 4658
+ p p ( 1.5 0.6 ) 104 4604
2 + 2 p p ( 4 6 ) 105 4563
2K + 2K ( 2.0 2.0 ) 105 4601
(958) < 1.9 106 90% 4682
< 1.0 106 90% 4714
f0 (980) < 3 105 90% 4678
f 2 (1525) ( 3.8 ) 105
0.9 4607
f2 (1270) ( 1.01 0.09 ) 104 4644
(1405) < 8.2 105 90% 4625
f0 (1500) < 1.5 105 90% 4611
f0 (1710) < 2.6 104 90% 4573
f0 (1710) K + K < 7 106 90%
f0 (1710) 0 0 < 1.4 106 90%
f0 (1710) < 1.8 106 90%
f4 (2050) < 5.3 105 90% 4515
f0 (2200) K + K < 2 104 90% 4475
fJ (2220) K + K < 8 107 90% 4469
fJ (2220) + < 6 107 90%
fJ (2220) p p < 1.1 106 90%
(2225) < 3 103 90% 4469
c (1S) < 5.7 105 90% 4260
c0 < 6.5 104 90% 4114
c1 < 2.3 105 90% 4079
c2 < 7.6 106 90% 4062
X (3872) + J/ < 1.6 106 90%
X (3872) + 0 J/ < 2.8 106 90%
c0 (3915) J/ < 3.0 106 90%
X (4140) J/ < 2.2 106 90%
X [aabb] < 4.5 106 90%
X X (m X < 3.1 GeV) [bbbb] < 1 103 90%
X X (m X < 4.5 GeV) [ccbb] < 2.4 104 90%

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X + 4 prongs [ddbb] < 1.78 104 95%


a01 + [eebb] < 9 106 90%
a01 + [yyaa] < 1.30 104 90%
a01 g g [ffbb] < 1 % 90%
a01 ss [ffbb] < 1 103 90%
Lepton Family number (LF) violating modes
LF < 6.0 106 95% 4563

Other decays
invisible < 3.0 104 90%

b0 (1P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 9859.44 0.42 0.31 MeV
p
b0 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(1S) ( 1.76 0.35) % 391


D0 X < 10.4 % 90%
+ K + K 0 < 1.6 104 90% 4875
2 + K K 0S < 5 105 90% 4875
2 + K K 0S 2 0 < 5 104 90% 4846
2 + 2 2 0 < 2.1 104 90% 4905
2 + 2 K + K ( 1.1 0.6 ) 104 4861
2 + 2 K + K 0 < 2.7 104 90% 4846
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 < 5 104 90% 4828
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 < 1.6 104 90% 4827
3 + 3 < 8 105 90% 4904
3 + 3 2 0 < 6 104 90% 4881
3 + 3 K + K ( 2.4 1.2 ) 104 4827
3 + 3 K + K 0 < 1.0 103 90% 4808
4 + 4 < 8 105 90% 4880
4 + 4 2 0 < 2.1 103 90% 4850
J/ J/ < 7 105 90% 3836
J/ (2S) < 1.2 104 90% 3571
(2S)(2S) < 3.1 105 90% 3273

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b1 (1P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 9892.78 0.26 0.31 MeV
p
b1 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(1S) (33.9 2.2) % 423


D0 X (12.6 2.2) %
+ K + K 0 ( 2.0 0.6) 104 4892
2 + K K 0S ( 1.3 0.5) 104 4892
2 + K K 0S 2 0 < 6 104 90% 4863
2 + 2 2 0 ( 8.0 2.5) 104 4921
2 + 2 K + K ( 1.5 0.5) 104 4878
2 + 2 K + K 0 ( 3.5 1.2) 104 4863
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 ( 8.6 3.2) 104 4845
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 ( 9.3 3.3) 104 4844
3 + 3 ( 1.9 0.6) 104 4921
3 + 3 2 0 ( 1.7 0.5) 103 4898
3 + 3 K + K ( 2.6 0.8) 104 4844
3 + 3 K + K 0 ( 7.5 2.6) 104 4825
4 + 4 ( 2.6 0.9) 104 4897
4 + 4 2 0 ( 1.4 0.6) 103 4867
J/ J/ < 2.7 105 90% 3857
J/ (2S) < 1.7 105 90% 3594
(2S)(2S) < 6 105 90% 3298

hb (1P) I G (J PC ) = ?? (1 + )

Mass m = 9899.3 1.0 MeV

hb (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

b (1S) (49 + 8
7) % 489

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

b2 (1P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 9912.21 0.26 0.31 MeV
p
b2 (1P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(1S) (19.1 1.2) % 442


D0 X < 7.9 % 90%
+ K + K 0 ( 8 5 ) 105 4902
2 + K K 0S < 1.0 104 90% 4901
2 + K K 0S 2 0 ( 5.3 2.4) 104 4873
2 + 2 2 0 ( 3.5 1.4) 104 4931
2 + 2 K + K ( 1.1 0.4) 104 4888
2 + 2 K + K 0 ( 2.1 0.9) 104 4872
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 ( 3.9 1.8) 104 4855
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 < 5 104 90% 4854
3 + 3 ( 7.0 3.1) 105 4931
3 + 3 2 0 ( 1.0 0.4) 103 4908
3 + 3 K + K < 8 105 90% 4854
3 + 3 K + K 0 ( 3.6 1.5) 104 4835
4 + 4 ( 8 4 ) 105 4907
4 + 4 2 0 ( 1.8 0.7) 103 4877
J/ J/ < 4 105 90% 3869
J/ (2S) < 5 105 90% 3608
(2S)(2S) < 1.6 105 90% 3313

(2S) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 10023.26 0.31 MeV


m (3S) m (2S) = 331.50 0.13 MeV
Full width = 31.98 2.63 keV
ee = 0.612 0.011 keV
Scale factor/ p
(2S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(1S) + (17.85 0.26) % 475


(1S) 0 0 ( 8.6 0.4 ) % 480
+ ( 2.00 0.21) % 4686
+ ( 1.93 0.17) % S=2.2 5011
e+ e ( 1.91 0.16) % 5012
(1S) 0 < 4 105 CL=90% 531
(1S) ( 2.9 0.4 ) 104 S=2.0 126

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J/(1S) anything < 6 103 CL=90% 4533


J/(1S)c < 5.4 106 CL=90% 3984
J/(1S)c0 < 3.4 106 CL=90% 3808
J/(1S)c1 < 1.2 106 CL=90% 3765
J/(1S)c2 < 2.0 106 CL=90% 3744
J/(1S)c (2S) < 2.5 106 CL=90% 3706
J/(1S)X (3940) < 2.0 106 CL=90% 3555
J/(1S)X (4160) < 2.0 106 CL=90% 3440
(2S)c < 5.1 106 CL=90% 3732
(2S)c0 < 4.7 106 CL=90% 3536
(2S)c1 < 2.5 106 CL=90% 3488
(2S)c2 < 1.9 106 CL=90% 3464
(2S)c (2S) < 3.3 106 CL=90% 3421
(2S)X (3940) < 3.9 106 CL=90% 3250
(2S)X (4160) < 3.9 106 CL=90% 3118
d anything ( 3.4 0.6 ) 105
hadrons (94 11 ) %
ggg (58.8 1.2 ) %
g g ( 8.8 1.1 ) %
K+ K ( 1.6 0.4 ) 106 4910
+ < 2.58 106 CL=90% 4977
K (892)0 K + + c.c. ( 2.3 0.7 ) 106 4952
f 2 (1525) < 1.33 106 CL=90% 4841
f2 (1270) < 5.7 107 CL=90% 4899
(770)a2 (1320) < 8.8 107 CL=90% 4894
K (892)0 K 2 (1430)0 + c.c. ( 1.5 0.6 ) 106 4869
K1 (1270) K < 3.22 106 CL=90% 4918
K1 (1400) K < 8.3 107 CL=90% 4901
b1 (1235) < 4.0 107 CL=90% 4935
< 1.16 106 CL=90% 4981
+ 0 < 8.0 107 CL=90% 5007
0 < 1.63 106 CL=90% 4980
+ 0 0 ( 1.30 0.28) 105 5002
K 0S K + + c.c. ( 1.14 0.33) 106 4979
K (892)0 K 0 + c.c. < 4.22 106 CL=90% 4959
K (892) K + + c.c. < 1.45 106 CL=90% 4960
Sum of 100 exclusive modes ( 2.90 0.30) 103
Radiative decays
b1 (1P) ( 6.9 0.4 ) % 130
b2 (1P) ( 7.15 0.35) % 110
b0 (1P) ( 3.8 0.4 ) % 162
f0 (1710) < 5.9 104 CL=90% 4864
f 2 (1525) < 5.3 104 CL=90% 4896

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f2 (1270) < 2.41 104 CL=90% 4930


c (1S) < 2.7 105 CL=90% 4568
c0 < 1.0 104 CL=90% 4430
c1 < 3.6 106 CL=90% 4397
c2 < 1.5 105 CL=90% 4381
X (3872) + J/ < 8 107 CL=90%
X (3872) + 0 J/ < 2.4 106 CL=90%
c0 (3915) J/ < 2.8 106 CL=90%
X (4140) J/ < 1.2 106 CL=90%
X (4350) J/ < 1.3 106 CL=90%
b (1S) ( 3.9 1.5 ) 104 606
b (1S) Sum of 26 exclu- < 3.7 106 CL=90%
sive modes
X b b Sum of 26 exclusive < 4.9 106 CL=90%
modes
X + 4 prongs [hhbb] < 1.95 104 CL=95%
A0 hadrons < 8 105 CL=90%
a01 + < 8.3 106 CL=90%
Lepton Family number (LF) violating modes
e LF < 3.2 106 CL=90% 4854
LF < 3.3 106 CL=90% 4854

(1D) I G (J PC ) = 0 (2 )

Mass m = 10163.7 1.4 MeV (S = 1.7)

(1D) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

(1S) seen 679


bJ (1P) seen 300
(1S) not seen 426
+ (1S) (6.6 1.6) 103 623

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b0 (2P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (0 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 10232.5 0.4 0.5 MeV
p
b0 (2P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(2S) (4.6 2.1) % 207


(1S) (9 6 ) 103 743
D0 X < 8.2 % 90%
+ K + K 0 < 3.4 105 90% 5064
2 + K K 0S < 5 105 90% 5063
2 + K K 0S 2 0 < 2.2 104 90% 5036
2 + 2 2 0 < 2.4 104 90% 5092
2 + 2 K + K < 1.5 104 90% 5050
2 + 2 K + K 0 < 2.2 104 90% 5035
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 < 1.1 103 90% 5019
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 < 7 104 90% 5018
3 + 3 < 7 105 90% 5091
3 + 3 2 0 < 1.2 103 90% 5070
3 + 3 K + K < 1.5 104 90% 5017
3 + 3 K + K 0 < 7 104 90% 4999
4 + 4 < 1.7 104 90% 5069
4 + 4 2 0 < 6 104 90% 5039

b1 (2P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 10255.46 0.22 0.50 MeV
m b1 (2P) m b0 (2P) = 23.5 1.0 MeV
p
b1 (2P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Scale factor (MeV/c)

(1S) + 0.40 ) %
( 1.63 135
0.34
(2S) (19.9 1.9 ) % 230
(1S) ( 9.2 0.8 ) % 1.1 764
b1 (1P) ( 9.1 1.3 ) 103 238
D0 X ( 8.8 1.7 ) %
+ K + K 0 ( 3.1 1.0 ) 104 5075
2 + K K 0S ( 1.1 0.5 ) 104 5075
2 + K K 0S 2 0 ( 7.7 3.2 ) 104 5047
2 + 2 2 0 ( 5.9 2.0 ) 104 5104

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2 + 2 K + K (10 4 ) 105 5062


2 + 2 K + K 0 ( 5.5 1.8 ) 104 5047
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 (10 4 ) 104 5030
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 ( 6.7 2.6 ) 104 5029
3 + 3 ( 1.2 0.4 ) 104 5103
3 + 3 2 0 ( 1.2 0.4 ) 103 5081
3 + 3 K + K ( 2.0 0.8 ) 104 5029
3 + 3 K + K 0 ( 6.1 2.2 ) 104 5011
4 + 4 ( 1.7 0.6 ) 104 5080
4 + 4 2 0 ( 1.9 0.7 ) 103 5051

b2 (2P) [ggbb] I G (J PC ) = 0+ (2 + + )
J needs confirmation.
Mass m = 10268.65 0.22 0.50 MeV
m b2 (2P) m b1 (2P) = 13.4 0.6 MeV
Scale factor/ p
b2 (2P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(1S) + 0.34 ) %
( 1.10 194
0.30
(2S) (10.6 2.6 ) % S=2.0 242
(1S) ( 7.0 0.7 ) % 777
b2 (1P) ( 5.1 0.9 ) 103 229
D0 X < 2.4 % CL=90%
+ K + K 0 < 1.1 104 CL=90% 5082
2 + K K 0S < 9 105 CL=90% 5082
2 + K K 0S 2 0 < 7 104 CL=90% 5054
2 + 2 2 0 ( 3.9 1.6 ) 104 5110
2 + 2 K + K ( 9 4 ) 105 5068
2 + 2 K + K 0 ( 2.4 1.1 ) 104 5054
2 + 2 K + K 2 0 ( 4.7 2.3 ) 104 5037
3 + 2 K K 0S 0 < 4 104 CL=90% 5036
3 + 3 ( 9 4 ) 105 5110
3 + 3 2 0 ( 1.2 0.4 ) 103 5088
3 + 3 K + K ( 1.4 0.7 ) 104 5036
3 + 3 K + K 0 ( 4.2 1.7 ) 104 5017
4 + 4 ( 9 5 ) 105 5087
4 + 4 2 0 ( 1.3 0.5 ) 103 5058

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(3S) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 10355.2 0.5 MeV


m (3S) m (2S) = 331.50 0.13 MeV
Full width = 20.32 1.85 keV
ee = 0.443 0.008 keV
Scale factor/ p
(3S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

(2S) anything (10.6 0.8 ) % 296


(2S) + ( 2.82 0.18) % S=1.6 177
(2S) 0 0 ( 1.85 0.14) % 190
(2S) ( 5.0 0.7 ) % 327
(2S) 0 < 5.1 104 CL=90% 298
(1S) + ( 4.37 0.08) % 813
(1S) 0 0 ( 2.20 0.13) % 816
(1S) < 1 104 CL=90% 677
(1S) 0 < 7 105 CL=90% 846
hb (1P) 0 < 1.2 103 CL=90% 426
hb (1P) 0 b (1S) 0 ( 4.3 1.4 ) 104
hb (1P) + < 1.2 104 CL=90% 353
+ ( 2.29 0.30) % 4863
+ ( 2.18 0.21) % S=2.1 5177
e+ e seen 5178
ggg (35.7 2.6 ) %
g g ( 9.7 1.8 ) 103
Radiative decays
b2 (2P) (13.1 1.6 ) % S=3.4 86
b1 (2P) (12.6 1.2 ) % S=2.4 99
b0 (2P) ( 5.9 0.6 ) % S=1.4 122
b2 (1P) ( 9.9 1.3 ) 103 S=2.0 434
A0 hadrons < 8 105 CL=90%
b1 (1P) ( 9 5 ) 104 S=1.9 452
b0 (1P) ( 2.7 0.4 ) 103 484
b (2S) < 6.2 104 CL=90% 350
b (1S) ( 5.1 0.7 ) 104 913
X + 4 prongs [iibb] < 2.2 104 CL=95%
a01 + < 5.5 106 CL=90%
a01 + [jjbb] < 1.6 104 CL=90%

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Lepton Family number (LF) violating modes


e LF < 4.2 106 CL=90% 5025
LF < 3.1 106 CL=90% 5025

b1 (3P) I G (J PC ) = 0+ (1 + + )

Mass m = 10512.1 2.3 MeV

b1 (3P) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

(1S) seen 999


(2S) seen 477
(3S) seen 156

(4S)
I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )
or (10580)

Mass m = 10579.4 1.2 MeV


Full width = 20.5 2.5 MeV
ee = 0.272 0.029 keV (S = 1.5)
p
(4S) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

BB > 96 % 95% 326


B+ B (51.4 0.6 ) % 330
D+s anything + c.c. (17.8 2.6 ) %
0
B B0 (48.6 0.6 ) % 326
J/ K 0S (J/, c ) K 0S < 4 107 90%
non-B B < 4 % 95%
e+ e ( 1.57 0.08) 105 5290
+ < 5.7 106 90% 5233
K (892)0 K 0 < 2.0 106 90% 5240
J/(1S) anything < 1.9 104 95%
D + anything + c.c. < 7.4 % 90% 5099
anything ( 7.1 0.6 ) % 5240
< 1.8 106 90% 5226
< 4.3 106 90% 5196
< 1.3 106 90% 5247
< 2.5 106 90% 5217
(1S) anything < 4 103 90% 1053
(1S) + ( 8.1 0.6 ) 105 1026
(1S) ( 1.96 0.28) 104 924

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(2S) + ( 8.6 1.3 ) 105 468


hb (1P) + not seen 600
d anything < 1.3 105 90%

(10860) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 10876 11 MeV


Full width = 55 28 MeV
ee = 0.31 0.07 keV (S = 1.3)
p
(10860) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) Confidence level (MeV/c)

BBX + 2.7 ) %
( 76.2
4.0
BB ( 5.5 1.0 ) % 1303
B B + c.c. ( 13.7 1.6 ) %
B B ( 38.1 3.4 ) % 1130
B B () < 19.7 % 90% 990
BB ( 0.0 1.2 ) % 990
B B + B B ( 7.3 2.3 ) %
B B ( 1.0 1.4 ) % 744
BB < 8.9 % 90% 504
() ()
Bs Bs ( 20.1 3.1 ) % 877
Bs B s ( 5 5 ) 103 877
Bs B s + c.c. ( 1.35 0.32) %
B s B s ( 17.6 2.7 ) % 495

no open-bottom ( + 5.0 ) %
3.8
0.5
e+ e ( 5.6 3.1 ) 106 5438
K (892)0 K 0 < 1.0 105 90% 5390
(1S) + ( 5.3 0.6 ) 103 1297
(2S) + ( 7.8 1.3 ) 103 774
(3S) + ( + 1.9 ) 103
4.8 1.7 429
(1S) K + K ( 6.1 1.8 ) 104 947
hb (1P) + ( + 1.0 ) 103
3.5 1.3 894

hb (2P) + ( + 2.1 ) 103


6.0 1.8 534
b0(1P) + 0 < 6.3 103 90% 885
b0 (1P) < 3.9 103 90% 618
b0 (1P)( + 0 )non < 4.8 103 90%
b1 (1P) + 0 ( 1.85 0.33) 103 851
b1 (1P) ( 1.57 0.30) 103 568
b1 (1P)( + 0 )non ( 5.2 1.9 ) 104

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b2 (1P) + 0 ( 1.17 0.30) 103 832


b2 (1P) ( 6.0 2.7 ) 104 537
b2 (1P)( + 0 )non ( 6 4 ) 104
Xb (1S) < 3.8 105 90%
Inclusive Decays.
These decay modes are submodes of one or more of the decay modes
above.

anything + 2.4 ) %
( 13.8
1.7
D 0 anything + c.c. (108 8 ) %
Ds anything + c.c. ( 46 6 ) %
J/ anything ( 2.06 0.21) %
B 0 anything + c.c. ( 77 8 )%
B + anything + c.c. ( 72 6 )%

(11020) I G (J PC ) = 0 (1 )

Mass m = 11019 8 MeV


Full width = 79 16 MeV
ee = 0.130 0.030 keV

(11020) DECAY MODES Fraction (i /) p (MeV/c)

e+ e (1.6 0.5) 106 5510

NOTES

[a] See the Note on and K Form Factors in the


Particle Listings for definitions and details.
[b] Measurements of (e + e )/(+ ) always include decays with s, and
measurements of (e + e ) and (+ ) never include low-energy s.
Therefore, since no clean separation is possible, we consider the modes
with s to be subreactions of the modes without them, and let [(e + e )
+ (+ )]/total = 100%.
[c] See the Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment; low-energy s are not included.
[d] Derived from an analysis of neutrino-oscillation experiments.
[e] Astrophysical and cosmological arguments give limits of order 1013 ; see
the 0 Particle Listings.
[f ] C parity forbids this to occur as a single-photon process.
[g ] See the Note on scalar mesons in the f0 (500) Particle Listings . The
interpretation of this entry as a particle is controversial.

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[h] See the Note on (770) in the (770) Particle Listings .


[i ] The interference is then due to mixing only, and is expected to
be small. If e universality holds, (0 + ) = (0 e + e )
0.99785.
[j] See the Note on scalar mesons in the f0 (500) Particle Listings .
[k] See the Note on a1 (1260) in the a1 (1260) Particle Listings in PDG 06,
Journal of Physics G33 1 (2006).
[l] This is only an educated guess; the error given is larger than the error on
the average of the published values. See the Particle Listings for details.
[n] See the Note on non-q q mesons in the Particle Listings in PDG 06,
Journal of Physics G33 1 (2006).
[o] See the Note on the (1405) in the (1405) Particle Listings.
[p] See the Note on the f1 (1420) in the (1405) Particle Listings.
[q] See also the (1650) Particle Listings.
[r ] See the Note on the (1450) and the (1700) in the (1700) Particle
Listings.
[s] See also the (1420) Particle Listings.
[t] See the Note on f0 (1710) in the f0 (1710) Particle Listings in 2004
edition of Review of Particle Physics.
[u] See the note in the K Particle Listings.
[v ] The definition of the slope parameters of the K 3 Dalitz plot is as
follows (see also Note on Dalitz Plot Parameters for K 3 Decays
in the K Particle Listings):
2
M = 1 + g (s3 s0 )/m2 + .
+
[x] For more details and definitions of parameters see the Particle Listings.
[y ] See the K Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment.
[z] Most of this radiative mode, the low-momentum part, is also included
in the parent mode listed without s.
[aa] Structure-dependent part.
[bb] Direct-emission branching fraction.
[cc] Violates angular-momentum conservation.

[dd] Derived from measured values of + , 00 , , m K 0 m K 0 , and
L S
K 0 , as described in the introduction to Tests of Conservation Laws.
S
[ee] The CP-violation parameters are defined as follows (see also Note on
CP Violation in KS 3 and Note on CP Violation in K 0L Decay
in the Particle Listings):

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i A(K 0L + )
= +

+ = + e
+ =
0 +
A(K S )

i A(K 0L 0 0 )
00 = 00 e
00 = = 2
0 0
A(K S ) 0

(K 0L + ) (K 0L + )
= ,
(K 0L + ) + (K 0L + )
(K 0S + 0 )CP viol.
Im( +0 )2 = ,
(K 0L + 0 )
(K 0S 0 0 0 )
Im( 000 )2 = .
(K 0L 0 0 0 )
where for the last two relations CPT is assumed valid, i.e., Re( +0 )
0 and Re( 000 ) 0.
[ff ] See the K 0S Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment.
[gg ] The value is for the sum of the charge states or particle/antiparticle
states indicated.
[hh] Re( /) = / to a very good approximation provided the phases satisfy
CPT invariance.
[ii ] This mode includes gammas from inner bremsstrahlung but not the direct
emission mode K 0L + (DE).
[jj] See the K 0L Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment.
[kk] Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.
[ll] Violates CP in leading order. Test of direct CP violation since the in-
direct CP-violating and CP-conserving contributions are expected to be
suppressed.
[nn] See the Note on f0 (1370) in the f0 (1370) Particle Listings and in the
1994 edition.
[oo] See the note in the L(1770) Particle Listings in Reviews of Modern
Physics 56 S1 (1984), p. S200. See also the Note on K2 (1770) and the
K2 (1820) in the K2 (1770) Particle Listings .
[pp] See the Note on K2 (1770) and the K2 (1820) in the K2 (1770) Particle
Listings .
[qq] This result applies to Z 0 c c decays only. Here + is an average (not
a sum) of e + and + decays.
[rr ] See the Particle Listings for the (complicated) definition of this quantity.

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[ss] The branching fraction for this mode may differ from the sum of the
submodes that contribute to it, due to interference effects. See the
relevant papers in the Particle Listings.
[tt] These subfractions of the K 2 + mode are uncertain: see the Particle
Listings.
[uu] Submodes of the D + K 2 + 0 and K 0S 2 + modes were studied
by ANJOS 92C and COFFMAN 92B, but with at most 142 events for the
first mode and 229 for the second not enough for precise results. With
nothing new for 18 years, we refer to our 2008 edition, Physics Letters
B667 1 (2008), for those results.
[vv ] The unseen decay modes of the resonances are included.
[xx] This is not a test for the C=1 weak neutral current, but leads to the
+ + final state.
[yy ] This mode is not a useful test for a C=1 weak neutral current because
both quarks must change flavor in this decay.
[zz] In the 2010 Review, the values for these quantities were given using a
measure of the asymmetry that was inconsistent with the usual definition.
[aaa] This value is obtained by subtracting the branching fractions for 2-, 4-
and 6-prongs from unity.
[bbb] This is the sum of our K 2 + , K 2 + 0 ,
K 0 2 + 2 , K + 2K + , 2 + 2 , 2 + 2 0 , K + K + , and
K + K + 0 , branching fractions.
[ccc] This is the sum of our K 3 + 2 and 3 + 3 branching fractions.
[ddd] The branching fractions for the K e + e , K (892) e + e , e + e ,
and e + e modes add up to 6.19 0.17 %.
[eee] This is a doubly Cabibbo-suppressed mode.
[fff ] The two experiments measuring this fraction are in serious disagreement.
See the Particle Listings.
[ggg ] Submodes of the D 0 K 0S + 0 mode with a K and/or were
studied by COFFMAN 92B, but with only 140 events. With nothing new
for 18 years, we refer to our 2008 edition, Physics Letters B667 1 (2008),
for those results.
[hhh] This branching fraction includes all the decay modes of the resonance in
the final state.
[iii ] This limit is for either D 0 or D 0 to p e .
[jjj] This limit is for either D 0 or D 0 to p e + .
[kkk] This is the purely e + semileptonic branching fraction: the e + fraction
from + decays has been subtracted off. The sum of our (non- ) e +
exclusive fractions an e + e with an , , , K 0 , K 0 , or f0 (980)
is 7.0 0.4 %

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[lll] This fraction includes from decays.


[nnn] Two times (to include decays) the e + e branching fraction, plus the
+ , + , and K + fractions, is (18.6 2.3)%, which considerably
exceeds the inclusive fraction of (11.7 1.8)%. Our best guess is that
the + fraction, (12.5 2.2)%, is too large.
[ooo] This branching fraction includes all the decay modes of the final-state
resonance.
[ppp] A test for uu or dd content in the D + s . Neither Cabibbo-favored nor
Cabibbo-suppressed decays can contribute, and mixing is an unlikely
explanation for any fraction above about 2 104 .
[qqq] We decouple the D + +
s branching fraction obtained from mass
projections (and used to get some of the other branching fractions) from
the D + +
s , K K
+ branching fraction obtained from the

Dalitz-plot analysis of D + + +
s K K . That is, the ratio of these two
branching fractions is not exactly the K + K branching fraction
0.491.
[rrr ] This is the average of a model-independent and a K-matrix parametriza-
tion of the + S-wave and is a sum over several f0 mesons.
[sss] An indicates an e or a mode, not a sum over these modes.
[ttt] An CP( 1) indicates the CP=+1 and CP= 1 eigenstates of the D 0 -D 0
system.
[uuu] D denotes D 0 or D 0 .
[vvv ] D 0 0 0 0
CP + decays into D with the D reconstructed in CP-even eigen-
states K + K and + .
[xxx] D represents an excited state with mass 2.2 < M < 2.8 GeV/c2 .
[yyy ] X (3872)+ is a hypothetical charged partner of the X (3872).
[zzz] (1710)++ is a possible narrow pentaquark state and G (2220) is a
possible glueball resonance.
[aaaa]( c p)s denotes a low-mass enhancement near 3.35 GeV/c .
2

[bbaa]Stands for the possible candidates of K (1410), K 0 (1430) and


K 2 (1430).
[ccaa] B 0 and B 0s contributions not separated. Limit is on weighted average of
the two decay rates.
[ddaa]This decay refers to the coherent sum of resonant and nonresonant J P
= 0+ K components with 1.60 < m < 2.15 GeV/c2 .
K
[eeaa] X (214) is a hypothetical particle of mass 214 MeV/c2 reported by the
HyperCP experiment, Physical Review Letters 94 021801 (2005)
[ffaa] (1540)+ denotes a possible narrow pentaquark state.

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[ggaa]Here S and P are the hypothetical scalar and pseudoscalar particles with
masses of 2.5 GeV/c2 and 214.3 MeV/c2 , respectively.
[hhaa]These values are model dependent.
[iiaa] Here anything means at least one particle observed.
[jjaa] This is a B(B 0 D + ) value.
[kkaa]D stands for the sum of the D(1 1P1 ), D(1 3P0 ), D(1 3P1 ), D(1 3P2 ),
D(2 1S0 ), and D(2 1S1 ) resonances.
[llaa] D () D () stands for the sum of D D , D D, D D , and D D.
[nnaa]X (3915) denotes a near-threshold enhancement in the J/ mass spec-
trum.
[ooaa]Inclusive branching fractions have a multiplicity definition and can be
greater than 100%.
[ppaa]Dj represents an unresolved mixture of pseudoscalar and tensor D (P-
wave) states.
[qqaa]Not a pure measurement. See note at head of B 0s Decay Modes.
[rraa] For E > 100 MeV.
[ssaa] Includes p p + and excludes p p , p p , p p .
[ttaa] For a narrow state A with mass less than 960 MeV.
[uuaa]For a narrow scalar or pseudoscalar A0 with mass 0.213.0 GeV.
[vvaa]For a narrow resonance in the range 2.2 < M(X ) < 2.8 GeV.
[xxaa]J PC known by production in e + e via single photon annihilation. I G
is not known; interpretation of this state as a single resonance is unclear
because of the expectation of substantial threshold effects in this energy
region.
[yyaa] 2m < M( + ) < 9.2 GeV
[zzaa] 2 GeV < m K + K < 3 GeV
[aabb]X = scalar with m < 8.0 GeV
[bbbb]X X = vectors with m < 3.1 GeV
[ccbb]X and X = zero spin with m < 4.5 GeV
[ddbb]1.5 GeV < m X < 5.0 GeV
[eebb]201 MeV < M(+ ) < 3565 MeV
[ffbb] 0.5 GeV < m X < 9.0 GeV, where m X is the invariant mass of the
hadronic final state.
[ggbb]Spectroscopic labeling for these states is theoretical, pending experimen-
tal information.
[hhbb]1.5 GeV < m X < 5.0 GeV
[iibb] 1.5 GeV < m X < 5.0 GeV
[jjbb] For m + in the ranges 4.039.52 and 9.6110.10 GeV.

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