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Engineering Report: H214

Engineering Services
FAN 351

Johnson Controls, Inc.


Controls Group

507 E. Michigan Street CONTROL OF UNIT VENTILATORS


P.O. Box 423
Milwaukee, WI 53201

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page


CHAPTER 1: GENERAL INFORMATION ..................................................................... 2
Introduction .................................................................................. 3
Unit Ventilators ............................................................................ 4
ASHRAE Control Cycles .............................................................. 5
Combating Window Downdrafts................................................... 6
Controls ....................................................................................... 8
Applications ............................................................................... 11
Bill of Material ............................................................................ 13
CHAPTER 2: HEATING-ONLY
General Information ................................................................... 14
Control Arrangements and Descriptions of Operation
For Cycles I, II, III and "W" ......................................................... 15
CHAPTER 3: HEATING OR COOLING
General Information ................................................................... 22
Control Arrangements and Descriptions of Operation
For Cycles I, II, and "W" ............................................................. 23
CHAPTER 4: HEATING AND DIRECT EXPANSION COOLING
General Information ................................................................... 29
Control Arrangements and Descriptions of Operation
For Cycles I, II, III and "W" ......................................................... 30
CHAPTER 5: HEATING AND COOLING (Single or Double Coil)
General Information ................................................................... 36
ASHRAE Cycle II (Single Coil)................................................... 40
ASHRAE Cycle II (Double Coil) ................................................. 42
CHAPTER 6: INTERMITTENT NIGHT OPERATION
General Information ................................................................... 44
Control Arrangements (Heating Only)........................................ 45
CHAPTER 7: UNIT VENTILATOR CONTROL MODULES
General Information ................................................................... 51
U.V. Module Component Description......................................... 53

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CHECKING CONTROL SYSTEM ON HOT WATER


UNIT VENTILATOR INSTALLATIONS

IMPORTANT

NOTE: Air lines should not be run in areas where they will be subjected to
subfreezing temperatures.

Checking Controls

Both the control system and the unit ventilator should be checked carefully for
proper operation.

1. Proper adjustment of the airstream thermostat is imperative. Field investigations


show that this matter is sometimes handled carelessly.

2. Check all phases of interconnected equipment.

a) A linkage between the damper operator and the unit damper(s) should be
checked carefully. A complete cycle should be performed to see that these
dampers are operating properly.

b) Check the unit ventilator control module to make sure it operates through its
various cycles of operation.

c) When day-night thermostats are used, check the push-button to be sure that
they operate properly and perform their required functions.

d) Unit ventilator valves.

i) A complete cycle should be performed to be sure that the valve is


operating over the proper spring range. Check packing to be sure that
valve operates freely.

ii) The valve should be so piped that it is wide open when the fans are off
(on water systems).

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Engineering Report: H214

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Engineering Report H214 is intended to provide information on various types and


applications of unit ventilators. It will also serve as a guide in the selection of
equipment to properly control the units. All the figures shown in Chapters 1 through
6 use the bill of material shown in this chapter.

The control diagrams in this report are configured to show the four types of unit
ventilators; valve, damper, electric heat and direct expansion units. Choose what
type of unit is to be controlled, and follow the portion of the control diagram that
applies to your application. The text has parentheses () around the sentences that
specifically pertain to the damper controlled type unit ventilators, brackets [] around
the sentences that specifically pertain to the valve controlled type unit ventilators
and braces {} around sentences that specifically pertain to unit ventilators with
electric heat. Read the text plus a set of brackets that discuss the control method
being used.

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CONTROL OF UNIT VENTILATORS

GENERAL INFORMATION

A unit ventilator is a type of unit heater, the principle functions of which are to heat,
ventilate and cool space by the introduction of outside air up to 100 percent of its
rated capacity.

Unit ventilators are used primarily in schools, meeting rooms, offices and other
areas where the density of occupancy dictates the need for controlled ventilation. A
unit ventilator is designed to provide sufficient heating capacity to assure rapid
warm-up of the room in the morning and to provide whatever ventilation and heating
are required during occupancy. In most cases it makes use of additional outside air
when excess uncontrolled heat must be dissipated.

A typical unit is equipped with a system of control that permits the heating,
ventilating and cooling effects to be varied while the fans are running continuously.
The basic components of a unit ventilator are a fan, motor, heating element,
dampers, filters and outlet grilles (or diffusers), all encased in a housing. Figure 1
shows a typical floor mounted (vertical) unit ventilator. Figure 2 shows a typical
ceiling (horizontal) mounted unit ventilator.

Figure 1. Floor Mounted "Blow Through" Unit Ventilator

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Figure 2. Ceiling Mounted "Draw Through" Unit Ventilator

ASHRAE CONTROL CYCLES

Unit ventilators are generally controlled by one of the standard ASHRAE Control
Cycles (I, II or III). Variations in the amount of outside air delivered to the room
determine which cycle is used. All unit manufacturers use standard ASHRAE
Control Cycle designations.

Cycle I

One hundred percent outside air is admitted at all times, except during the warm-up
period. The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and controls both the
heating source and the outside and recirculated air dampers.

Cycle II

A fixed minimum amount of outside air, normally 15 to 50 percent, is admitted


during the heating and ventilated period. This percentage is gradually increased to
100 percent, if required, during the ventilating period. The low limit thermostat is
located in the unit discharge and controls both the heating source and the outside
and recirculated air dampers.

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Cycle III

A variable amount of outside air is admitted as required to maintain a fixed mixed air
temperature entering the heating element. The heating element is controlled directly
by the room thermostat without low limit interference. The mixed air thermostat
controls only the outside and recirculated air damper actuator.

Cycle "W"

In addition to the standard ASHRAE cycles of control, a fourth cycle, Cycle "W", is
widely used. Cycle "W" is the same as ASHRAE Cycle II, with one exception. The
low limit thermostat controls only the outside and recirculated air dampers. The
heating element is controlled directly by the room thermostat.

Warm-up Period

All control cycles provide an early morning warm-up period. The outside air damper
is closed and the recirculated air damper is open while the unit delivers its full
heating capacity. As the room temperature approaches the set point of the room
thermostat, the unit starts operating on its ASHRAE cycle of control.

COMBATING WINDOW DOWNDRAFTS

The use of large window areas presents a window downdraft problem which is
caused by chilled air flowing down the windows and into the occupied areas of the
room. Three basic methods of combating these downdrafts have been developed
for use with unit ventilators. These are shown in Figure 3, 4 and 5 and they operate
as follows:

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Window Sill Radiation

This system consists of finned tube radiation installed along the wall below the
windows. Heated air rises by convection and counteracts the cold downdrafts. When
this type of window downdraft control is used, a valve must be provided with each
unit to shut off water flow through the finned tube.

Figure 3. Window Sill Radiation

Window Sill Recirculation

This system consists of ductwork with a return air intake at the top. It is installed
along the wall below the windows. The unit fans draw the air across the windows,
through ductwork, and into the recirculated air chamber of the unit.

Figure 4. Window Sill Recirculation

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Window Sill Discharge

A portion of the discharged air of this unit is discharged into the ductwork located
along the wall below the windows. The conditioned air is discharged vertically
across the windows to combat the cold downdraft.

Figure 5. Window Sill Discharge

CONTROLS

Room Thermostats

Single temperature control is provided by a wall mounted T-4002 room thermostat.


Dual or day-night control is provided by a wall mounted T-4506 or T-4516 dual room
thermostat. Heating or cooling control is provided by a wall mounted T-4756.

Low Limit Thermostats

For ASHRAE Cycles I and II, the low limit thermostat can override the room
thermostat signal to control both the heat source and the outside and recirculated
air damper actuator. The measuring element should sense temperature of the air
stream on the discharge side of the unit coil.

When Cycle "W" is to be used, the low limit thermostat measuring element should
sense the air stream on the discharge side of the coil and control the outside and
recirculated air damper actuator only.

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Cycle III control requires the mixed air thermostat measuring element to sense the
mixture of outside and recirculated air and control the outside and recirculated air
damper actuator only. Therefore, the mixed air thermostat acts as a low limit
thermostat by controlling temperature of the air entering the unit coil.

T-3200 series thermostats are used in heating or cooling units.

Return Air Control

Return air control can be provided by placing the room control sensor in a sampling
chamber. The sampling chamber is a device that directs room air across the sensor
and into the inlet side of the unit fan.

Single temperature control can be provided by a remote mounted T-3100 series


thermostat. Heating or cooling can be provided by T-3300 series thermostat.

The sampling chamber, when required, must be ordered by the Branch Office so
that the unit ventilator manufacturer can incorporate it in the units.

Outside Air Damper Actuators

D-3073 piston actuators are used to modulate the outside and recirculated air
dampers for Cycles I and III.

Figure 6. Return Air Control Valve Control Heating Only

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A D-3070 two-stage piston actuator is used for Cycles II and W. The first-stage
movement of the actuator positions the outside air damper to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation. This stage is adjustable between 0
and approximately 50 percent of maximum air quantity. The second-stage
movement positions the outside air damper to admit up to 100 percent outside air
for ventilation. The damper linkage is arranged so that the recirculated air damper
closes as the outside air damper opens.

A solenoid air valve is used to close the outside air damper, open the recirculated
air damper, and open the unit coil valve, on hot water installations, whenever the
unit fans are not running.

Figure 7. Return Air Control Damper Control Heating-Cooling

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Heat Source Controls

1. Valve Controlled Units

Valve controlled unit ventilators utilize a valve to modulate the flow of water or
steam through the coil. By regulating the amount of water or steam, the heat
output of the unit is varied in response to the demands of a room thermostat.
Typical valves used are a V-3754 two-way valve or a V-4324 3-way mixing
valve.

2. Damper Controlled Units

Damper controlled unit ventilators utilize a face and bypass damper to vary the
flow of air across the coil. A D-3062 actuator is used to modulate the face and
bypass damper. An outside and recirculated air damper is also furnished.

OVERHEATING: Because of the high internal heat gain from lights and
people in classrooms, one of the chief functions of a unit
ventilator is to provide adequate cooling in mild weather.
Therefore, it is important, under maximum ventilation
conditions, that there be no appreciable heat pickup from
the heating coil.

To prevent heat pickup in face and bypass units, an automatic valve is usually
specified to close the supply to the coil after the face damper is fully closed. An
automatic valve is not required if the hot water temperature is varied inversely
with the outside air temperatures and if the compensation is such that the water
temperature is below 100F at 60F outside temperature. Whenever the
compensation is such that the water temperature is 100F or higher at 60F
outside temperature, a valve should be used on the unit coil.

When installed in water circuits with varying water temperatures, heating


equipment without fans (convectors) should be selected to include extra capacity
for warm-up.

3. Electric Heat Units

Electric heat unit ventilators are standard unit ventilators except that electric
heating elements replace the steam or hot water coil. Modulation of the heating
elements is obtained by a step controller (G-7185). Standard wiring diagrams for
electric heat unit ventilators are shown in Engineering Report H343.

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4. Direct Expansion Units

Direct expansion units are standard unit ventilators which have a direct
expansion cooling coil in addition to either a hot water or an electric heating coil.
Usually, a remote mounted condensing unit provides mechanical cooling only
when the outdoor air temperature is above a fixed limit and will not satisfy
internal cooling requirements.

Factory Installation of Controls

The following equipment will be mounted and/or wired by the unit ventilator
manufacturer if it is ordered in time for shipment to the manufacturer.

1. Face and bypass damper actuators.

2. Outside and recirculated air damper actuators.

3. Step Controllers for electric heat unit ventilators.

4. Control Modules.

5. Return Air Sampling Chambers.

The unit manufacturer's extent of liability pertains only to the mounting of controls
indicated on the bill of material and to the internal wiring of the unit. Final calibration
and adjustments are the responsibility of Johnson Controls.

APPLICATIONS

Chapter 2 through 6 cover specific applications of unit ventilators.

Chapter 2: Heating Only.


Chapter 3: Heating or Cooling.
Chapter 4: Heating and Direct Expansion Cooling.
Chapter 5: Heating and Cooling (Single or Double Coil).
Chapter 6: Intermittent Night Operation.

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BILL OF MATERIAL (ER-H214)


Instrument Factory Field
ID Description Mounted Mounted
ASV-1,2 V-6135 Air Switching Valve X
DA-1 D-3073 Damper Actuator (3-7 PSI) X
DA-2 D-3070 Damper Actuator (Min 3-6 PSI, X
Max 11-14 PSI)
DA-3 D-3062 Damper Actuator (8-13 PSI) X
DA-4 D-3062 Damper Actuator (5-10 PSI) X
DA-5 D-3070 Damper Actuator (Min 3-6 PSI, Max 9- X
12)
E/PV-1* V11UAA Outside Air E/P X
E/PV-2* V11UAA Changeover E/P X
E/PV-3* V11UAA Changeover E/P X
FO-1 R-3710 .007 Fixed Orifice Restrictor X
KC-1 G-7185 Step Controller X
P/ES-1* P10BC-11 PE Switch N.O. Changeover X
(open 10 psi, close 13 psi)
P/ES-2* P10FC-5 PE Switch N.O. (#1:10-14-1/2) X
(#2: 8-1/2 - 13
P/ES-3* P10BC-11 PE Switch N.C. Night
(Open 6 PSI Close 3 PSI) X
P/ES-4* P10PA-7 Duplex PE Switch, N.C. Night X
PRV-1 R-130 Pressure Reducing Valve X
PSL-1 C-5226 Signal Transmitter X
TC-1 T-4002 Thermostat, D.A. X
TC-2 T-4506 Dual Room Thermostat, D.A. X
TC-3 T-4516 Dual Room Thermostat, D.A. X
TC-4 T-4756 Thermostat (DA-20 PSI, RA-15 PSI) X
TC-7 T-3100 Thermostat, D.A. X
TC-8 T-3310 Thermostat X
TLL-1 T-3610 Temperature Limit-Low or Mixed Air 57F X
TLL-2 T-3200 Temperature Limit-Low or Mixed Air 57F X
TLL-3** T-3200 Temperature Limit-Low or Mixed Air 57F X
TSL-1* A11B-4C Temperature Switch-Low, opens 40F X
TSL-2* A28AB-3C Cooling Lockout 60F X
TV-1 V-3754 Temperature Valve 9-13 PSI X
TV-2 V-3754 Temperature Valve 3-6 PSI X
TV-3 V-3974 Temperature Valve 9-13 PSI X
TV-4 V-4324 Temperature Valve 9-13 PSI X
VA-1 R-3030 Booster Relay R.A. 1:1 X
*Included in U.V. Control Modules - Chapter 7
**Switchover point must be reset to 17 PSI in the field.

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CHAPTER 2

HEATING-ONLY UNIT VENTILATORS

General Information

Heating-only units have only a source of heat available at all times. Steam, hot
water or electric heat can be used. When heating is not required, a variable amount
of outside air is available for ventilation. Units are controlled by ASHRAE Control
Cycles I, II, III or Cycle "W".

NOTE: The text: Has parentheses () around the sentences that specifically pertain
to the damper controlled type unit ventilators, brackets [] around the
sentences that specifically pertain to the valve controlled type unit
ventilators and braces {} around sentences that specifically pertain to unit
ventilators with electric heat. Read the text plus a set of brackets that
discuss the control method being used.

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ASHRAE CYCLE I

Figure 1. Water Valve

Figure 2. Steam Valve, Damper Controlled and Electric Heat

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figures 1 and 2

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) {The heating element switches of the
step controller are closed.} The unit is operating at full heating capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 7 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent

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outside air and the recirculated air damper is closed. [At 13 PSI the unit coil valve is
closed.] (At 13 PSI the face and bypass damper is closed to the face of the coil.) {At
6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to open the switches to the individual heating
elements and at 9-1/2 PSI all the heating elements are de-energized.} The unit is
delivering its full natural cooling capacity.
The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
air temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heating source and the outside air.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

ASHRAE CYCLE II

Figure 3. Water Valve

Figure 4. Steam Valve, Damper Controlled and Electric Heat

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DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figures 3 and 4

When the room thermostat temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is
closed and the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The
face and bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) {The heating element
switches to the step controller are closed.} The unit is operating at full heating
capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The unit coil valve is closed.] (The face and bypass damper
begins to close to the face of the coil.) {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to
open the switches to the individual heating elements.}

At 11 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. (At 10 PSI, the face and bypass
damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to the bypass.) {At 9-1/2 PSI all
switches of the step controller are open.}

At 14 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.

The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heating source and outside air.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

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ASHRAE CYCLE III

Figure 5. Water Valve

Figure 6. Steam Valve, Damper Controlled and Electric Heat

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DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figures 5 and 6

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) {The room thermostat has the
heating element switches of the step controller closed.} The unit is operating at full
heating capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. [At 9 PSI the unit coil valve begins to close and at 13 PSI it is fully
closed.] (At 8 PSI the face and bypass damper begins to close to the face of the coil
and at 13 PSI it is fully closed.) {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to open the
switches to the individual heating elements and at 9-1/2 PSI all heating elements
are de-energized.}

The mixed air thermostat controls the outside and recirculated air dampers only,
and prevents the mixture temperature from falling below a predetermined limit,
usually 57F, by controlling the amount of outside air entering the unit. The room
thermostat controls the heat source without low limit interference.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

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ASHRAE CYCLE "W"

Figure 7. Water Valve

Figure 8. Steam Valve, Damper Controlled and Electric Heat

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DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 7 and 8

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed,
and the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the ace of the coil.) {The room thermostat has the heating
element switches of the step controller closed.} The unit is operating at full heating
capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The unit coil valve is closed.] (The face and bypass damper
begins to close to the face of the coil.) {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to
open the switches to the individual heating elements.}

At 11 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. (At 10 PSI the face and bypass
damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to the bypass.) {At 9-1/2 PSI, all
switches of the step controller are open.}

At 14 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.

The low limit thermostat, located in the unit discharge, controls the outside and
recirculated air dampers only and prevents the discharge temperature from falling
below a predetermined limit, usually 57F, by controlling the amount of outside air
entering the unit. The room thermostat controls the heat source without low limit
interference.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

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CHAPTER 3

HEATING OR COOLING UNIT VENTILATORS

General Information

Heating or cooling units have either a source of heating or a source of refrigerated


cooling (chilled water) available, depending on the setting of the central changeover
control. These units are always single-coil and have conditioned water available for
heating or cooling. During the heating cycle, all units can provide heating and
ventilating from outside air and are controlled by ASHRAE Cycles I, II, III or Cycle
"W". When the units are on cooling, a fixed minimum amount of outside air is
provided for ventilation.

NOTE: The text has parentheses () around the sentences that specifically pertain
to the damper controlled type unit ventilators, brackets [] around the
sentences that specifically pertain to the valve controlled type unit
ventilators and braces {} around sentences that specifically pertain to unit
ventilators with electric heat. Read the text plus a set of brackets that
discuss the control method being used.

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Engineering Report: H214

ASHRAE CYCLE 1

Figure 1. Water Valve

Figure 2. Steam Valve and Damper Controlled

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DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 1 and 2

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at full heating
capacity.
As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 7 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent
outside air and the recirculated air damper is closed. [At 13 PSI the unit coil valve is
closed.] (At 13 PSI the face and bypass damper is closed to the face of the coil.)
The unit is delivering its full natural cooling capacity.
The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
air temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heat source and outside air.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

Cooling Cycle

The stroke of the outside and recirculated air damper actuator is limited by the
amount of air pressure passed by the pressure reducing valve. At 15 PSI supply air
pressure, the maximum output allowed by the air switching valve is 5 PSI. A 15 PSI
supply air pressure, discharge thermostat TLL-3 is eliminated from the control
sequence.
When the room temperature is above set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face an
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at full cooling
capacity.
As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. The outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum amount of
outside air required for ventilation. The recirculated air damper closes
proportionately. [At 9 PSI the unit coil valve begins to close, and at 13 PSI it is fully
closed.] (At 8 PSI the face and bypass damper begins to close to the face of the
coil, and at 13 PSI it is fully closed.)
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

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ASHRAE CYCLE II

Figure 3 Water Valve

Figure 4. Steam Valve and Damper Controlled

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Engineering Report: H214

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figures 3 and 4


Heating Cycle
When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at full heating
capacity.
As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation. [The unit coil valve is closed.] (The
face and bypass damper begins to close to the face of the coil.)
(At 10 PSI the face and bypass damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to
the bypass.) At 11 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more than the
minimum amount of outside air. At 14 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to
admit 100 percent outside air and the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is
delivering its full natural cooling capacity.
The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heat source and outside air.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.
Cooling Cycle
The stroke of the outside and recirculated air damper actuator is limited by the
maximum air pressure available. At 11 PSI supply air pressure, discharge
thermostat TLL-2 is eliminated from the control sequence.
When the room temperature is above set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The until coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at full cooling
capacity.
As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. [At 3 PSI the until coil valve begins to close.] (At 5 PSI the face and
bypass damper begins to close to the face of the coil.) At 6 PSI the outside air
damper is positioned to admit the minimum amount of outside air required for
ventilation. [At 6 PSI the unit coil valve is fully closed.] (At 10 PSI the face and
bypass damper is fully closed to the face of the coil.)
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

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DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figures 5 and 6


Heating Cycle
When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at full heating
capacity. As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 6 PSI, the outside and recirculated air damper is positioned
to admit the minimum amount of outside air required for ventilation. [The unit coil
valve is closed.] (The face and bypass damper begins to close to the face of the
coil.)

ASHRAE CYCLE "W"

Figure 5. Water Valve

Figure 6. Steam Valve and Damper Controlled

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Engineering Report: H214

(At 10 PSI the face and bypass damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to
the bypass.) At 11 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more than the
minimum amount of outside air. At 14 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to
admit 100 per cent outside air and the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is
delivering its full natural cooling capacity.

The low limit thermostat, located in the unit discharge, controls the outside and
recirculated air dampers only, and prevents the discharge temperature from falling
below a predetermined limit, usually 57F, by controlling the amount of outside air
entering the unit. The room thermostat controls the heat source without low limit
interference.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

Cooling Cycle

The stroke of the outside and recirculated air damper actuator is limited by the
maximum air pressure available. At 11 PSI supply air pressure, the discharge
thermostat is eliminated from the control sequence.

When the room temperature is above set point, the outdoor air damper is closed
and the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) The unit is operating at fully cooling
capacity.

As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. [At 3 PSI the unit coil valve begins to close.] (At 5 PSI the face and
bypass damper begins to close to the face of the ocil.) At 6 PSI the outside air
damper is positioned to admit the minimum amount of outside air required for
ventilation. [At 6 PSI the until coil valve is fully closed.] (With damper control at 10
PSI the face and bypass damper is fully closed.)

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

2/90 28
Engineering Report: H214

CHAPTER 4

HEATING AND DIRECT EXPANSION COOLING UNIT VENTILATORS

General Information

Heating and direct expansion cooling units have both a source of heating and a
source of refrigerated cooling available at all times. The selection is made
automatically by the room thermostat. The units have two coils, a direct expansion
cooling coil and a separate heating coil. The heat source can be steam, hot water,
or electric heat. Units are controlled by ASHRAE Cycles I, II, III or Cycle "W" during
the heating cycle. When the units are on mechanical cooling, a fixed minimum
amount of outside air is provided for ventilation.

A two-stage pressure electric switch is used to control the mechanical cooling. One
stage is used for changeover from the heating and ventilating cycle to the cooling
cycle. The other stage energizes the mechanical cooling.

NOTE: The text has parentheses () around the sentences that specifically pertain
to the damper controlled type unit ventilators, brackets [] around the
sentences that specifically pertain to the valve controlled type unit
ventilators and braces {} around sentences that specifically pertain to unit
ventilators with electric heat. Read the text plus a set of brackets that
discuss the control method being used.

2/90 29
Engineering Report: H214

ASHRAE CYCLE I

Figure 1

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 1

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. (With valve control the unit coil valve is open.)
{With electric heat the heating element switches of the step controller are closed.}
The unit is operating at full heating capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 7 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent
outside air and the recirculate air damper is closed. [At 13 PSI the until coil valve is
closed.] {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to open the switches to the
individual heating elements and at 9-1/2 PSI all the heating elements are de-
energized.} The unit is delivering its full natural cooling capacity.

2/90 30
Engineering Report: H214

The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
air temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heating source and outside air.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

Cooling Cycle

When outside air can no longer provide cooling, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 13 PSI the second switch of P/ES-2 closes and energizes
E/PV-2 and ASV-1. This returns the outside air damper to a minimum setting
through the pressure reducing valve. [The unit coil valve is closed.] {The step
controller is de-energized.} The unit can operate on the mechanical cooling cycle.

On a further increase in room temperature, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 14-1/2 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 closes to start the
refrigeration compressor. The unit is operating on the mechanical cooling cycle.

As the room temperature decreases control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. At 10 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 opens and de-energizes the
refrigeration compressor. At 8-1/2 PSI the second switch opens and returns the
control system to the standard unit ventilator cycle.

ASHRAE CYCLE II

Figure 2

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Engineering Report: H214

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 2


Heating Cycle
When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] {The heating
element switches of the step controller are closed.} The unit is operating at full
heating capacity.
As the room temperature increases control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The unit coil valve is closed.] {At 6-1/2 PSI the step
controller begins to open the switches to the individual heating elements.}
At 9 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. {At 9-1/2 PSI all switches of the step
controller are open.}
At 12 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.
The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
air temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heating source and outside air.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the until coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.
Cooling Cycle
When outside air can no longer provide cooling, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 13 PSI the second switch of P/ES-2 closes and energizes
changeover solenoid air valve E/PV-2. This returns the outside air damper to a mini-
mum setting through the pressure reducing valve. [The unit coil valve is closed].
{The step controller is de-energized.} The unit can operate on the mechanical
cooling cycle.
On a further increase in room temperature, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 14-1/2 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 closes to start the
refrigeration compressor. The unit is operating on the mechanical cooling cycle.
As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. At 10 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 opens and de-energizes the
refrigeration compressor. At 8-1/2 PSI the second switch opens and returns the
control system to the standard unit ventilator cycle.

2/90 32
Engineering Report: H214

ASHRAE CYCLE III

Figure 3

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 3

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] {The room
thermostat has the heating element switches of the step controller closed.} The unit
is operating at full heating capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. [At 9 PSI the unit coil valve begins to close and at 13 PSI it is fully
closed.] {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller begins to open the switches to the
individual heating elements and at 9-1/2 PSI all heating elements are de-energized.]
The low limit thermostat, located in the mixed air, controls the outside and
recirculated air dampers only, and prevents the mixture temperature from falling
below a predetermined limit, usually 57F, by controlling the amount of outside air
entering the unit. The room thermostat controls the heat source without low limit
interference.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

2/90 33
Engineering Report: H214

Cooling Cycle

When outside air can no longer provide cooling, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 13 PSI the second switch of P/ES-2 closes and energizes
E/PV-2 and ASV-1. This returns the outside air damper to a minimum setting
through the pressure reducing valve. [The unit coil valve is closed.] {The step
controller is de-energized.} The unit can operate on the mechanical cooling cycle.
On a further increase in room temperature, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 14-1/2 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 closes to start the
refrigeration compressor. The unit is operating on the mechnical cooling cycle.
As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. At 10 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 opens and de-energizes the
refrigeration compressor. At 8-1/2 PSI the second switch opens and returns the
control system to the standard unit ventilator cycle.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 4

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The unit coil valve is open.] {The room
thermostat has the heating element switches of the step controller closed.} The unit
is operating at full heating capacity.
As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The unit coil valve begins to close.] {At 6-1/2 PSI the step
controller begins to open the switches to the individual heating elements.}
At 9 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. [The unit coil valve is closed.] {At 9-
1/2 PSI, all switches of the step controller are open.}
At 12 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.
The low limit thermostat, located in the unit discharge, controls the outdoor and
recirculated air dampers only, and prevents the discharge temperature from falling
below a predetermined limit, usually 57F, by controlling the amount of outdoor air
entering the unit. The room thermostat controls the heat source without low limit
interference.

2/90 34
Engineering Report: H214

ASHRAE CYCLE "W"

Figure 4

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the unit coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

Cooling Cycle

When outside air can no longer provide cooling, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 13 PSI the second switch of P/ES-2 closes and energizes
changeover solenoid air valve E/PV-2. This returns the outside air damper to a
minimum setting through the pressure reducing valve. [The unit coil valve is closed.]
{The step controller is de-energized.} The unit can operate on the mechanical
cooling cycle.

On a further increase in room temperature, control air pressure from the room
thermostat increases. At 14-1/2 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 closes to start the
refrigeration compressor. The unit is operating on the mechanical cooling cycle.

As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. At 10 PSI the first switch of P/ES-2 opens and de-energizes the
refrigeration compressor. At 8-1/2 PSI the second switch opens and returns the
control system to the standard unit ventilator cycle.

2/90 35
Engineering Report: H214

CHAPTER 5

HEATING AND COOLING UNIT VENTILATORS


(SINGLE OR DOUBLE COIL)

General Information

Heating and cooling units have both a source of heating and a source of refrigerated
cooling (chilled water) available at all times. The selection is made automatically by
the room thermostat. Four-pipe systems can be classified into two basic types;
those using room units with signal coils, and those using room units with double (or
split) coils. During the heating cycle units are controlled by ASHRAE Control Cycle II
only.

When on mechanical cooling, a fixed minimum amount of outside air is provided for
ventilation.

NOTE: The text has parentheses () around the sentences that specifically pertain
to the damper controlled type unit ventilators, brackets [] around the
sentences that specifically pertain to the valve controlled type unit
ventilators and braces {} around sentences that specifically pertain to unit
ventilators with electric heat. Read the text plus a set of brackets that
discuss the control method being used.

2/90 36
Engineering Report: H214

Single Coil Units

Figure 1 shows a simple schematic piping arrangement which would be used when
single coil units are applied to a four-pipe system. Sequenced two-way throttling
valves supply hot and chilled water.

Figure 1. Single Coil Four-Pipe System

A three-way valve is used for changeover from one return to the other. This valve
operates in a two-position manner. A pressure electric switch and solenoid air valve
are used to switch the valve during the dead zone or no-flow position of the supply
valves. The primary reason for this is to avoid throttling on the return side in an
effort to reduce the total required pressure drop in the valve and coil circuits.

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Engineering Report: H214

Double Coil Units

Figure 2 shows a four-pipe system with individual room units having double (or split)
coils. Each coil circuit is separately valved and the hot water and chilled water are
not interconnected.

Figure 2. Double Coil Four Pipe System

Double coil units eliminate the possibility of interchange of fluids between the two
circuits and they also provide these other advantages:

1. Standard throttling valves can be used for control of the coils. Their ranges of
operation can be selected to provide the proper deal zones to effect maximum
economy of room control.

2. Since there are separate coils for heating and cooling, each coil can be sized to
suit its function. Due to the large temperature differential between the heating
medium and the air temperature, the selected heating coil has a much smaller
water flow requirement than the cooling coil. A valve can be selected to match
this flow requirement. The thermostat would then be controlling a heating and
cooling source with properly sized coils and properly sized valves resulting in
more stable control.

3. Use of higher temperature hot water is possible since the hot water coil can be
designed to accept this water temperature. This means that higher temperature
drops can be taken through the coils because the same heat output will be
obtained by circulating a reduced amount of heating medium. The result is
smaller hot water piping on both the supply and the return.

2/90 38
Engineering Report: H214

Electric Heating and Hydronic Cooling

Figure 3 shows a double coil unit with an electric heating element and a hydronic
chilled water coil. The cooling coil has a two-pipe water distribution system with a
standard throttling valve for control of the coil.

Figure 3. Double Coil-Electric Heating Chilled Water Cooling

2/90 39
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 4. ASHRAE Cycle II Single Coil Valve or Damper Control

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 4

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The heating coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of coil.) The unit is operating at full heating
capacity.

2/90 40
Engineering Report: H214

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The heating coil valve is closed.] (The face and bypass
damper begins to close to the face of the coil.)
At 9 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. (At 10 PSI the face and bypass
damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to the bypass.)
At 12 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.
The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both
heating source and outside air.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the heating coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.
Cooling Cycle
As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 13 PSI, changeover pressure electric switch P/ES-1 closes and
energizes E/PV-2 and ASV-2. Changeover valve(s) TV-4 closes to the hot water
supply and opens to the chilled water supply. Pressure reducing valve PRV-1
returns the outside air damper to a minimum position.
[The heating coil valve is closed and the cooling coil valve is open.] (The room
thermostat controls the face and bypass damper actuator through reverse acting
cumulator VA-1. At 13 PSI the output of VA-1 is 7 PSI and the face and bypass
damper is partially open to the face of the coil. At 15 PSI the output of VA-1 is 5 PSI
and the face and bypass damper is fully open to the face of the coil.) The unit is
delivering its full cooling capacity.
As the room temperature decreases control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. [The cooling coil valve closes.] (The face and bypass damper closes to
the face of the coil.)
At 10 PSI, changeover pressure electric switch P/ES-1 opens and the unit returns to
the heating cycle.
Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the heating coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

2/90 41
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 5. ASHRAE Cycle II Double (or Split) Coil Valve,


Damper or Electric Heat Control

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 5

Heating Cycle

When the room temperature is below set point, the outside air damper is closed and
the recirculated air damper is open. [The heating coil valve is open.] (The face and
bypass damper is open to the face of the coil.) {The heating element switches to the
step controller are closed.} The unit is operating at full heating capacity.

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 6 PSI, the outside air damper is positioned to admit the minimum
amount of outside air required for ventilation and the recirculated air damper is
closed proportionately. [The heating coil valve is closed.] (The face and bypass
damper begins to close to the face of the coil.) {At 6-1/2 PSI the step controller
begins to open the switches to the individual heating elements.}

2/90 42
Engineering Report: H214

At 9 PSI the outside air damper begins to admit more outside air and the
recirculated air damper closes proportionately. (At 10 PSI the face and bypass
damper is closed to the face of the coil and open to the bypass.) {At 9-1/2 PSI all
switches of the step controller are open.}

At 12 PSI the outside air damper is positioned to admit 100 percent outside air and
the recirculated air damper is closed. The unit is delivering its full natural cooling
capacity.

The low limit thermostat is located in the unit discharge and prevents the discharge
temperature from falling below a predetermined limit, usually 57F. The low limit
thermostat can override the signal from the room thermostat and control both the
heating source and outside air.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the heating coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

Cooling Cycle

As the room temperature increases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
increases. At 13 PSI, changeover pressure electric switch P/ES-1 closes and
energizes E/PV-2 and ASV-2. Pressure reducing valve PRV-1 returns the outside air
damper to a minimum position.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-2 operates valves TV-2 and TV-3 in a two-position manner.
The heating coil valve is closed and the cooling coil valve is open. (The room
thermostat controls the face and bypass damper actuator through reverse acting
cumulator AV-1. At 13 PSI the output of AV-1 is 7 PSI and the face and bypass
damper is partially open to the face of the coil. At 15 PSI the output of AV-1 is 5 PSI
and the face and bypass damper is fully open to the face of the coil.) {The step
controller is de-energized.} The unit is delivering its full cooling capacity.

As the room temperature decreases, control air pressure from the room thermostat
decreases. [The cooling coil valve is closed.] (The face and bypass damper is
closed to the face of the coil.)

At 10 PSI, changeover pressure electric switch P/ES-1 opens and the unit returns to
the heating cycle.

Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 closes the outside air damper [and opens the heating coil
water valve] whenever the unit fans are not running.

2/90 43
Engineering Report: H214

CHAPTER 6

INTERMITTENT NIGHT OPERATION OF UNIT VENTILATORS

General Information

Intermittent night operation is used in applications where a lower room temperature


is to be maintained during the unoccupied (night) periods and a higher room
temperature is to be maintained during the occupied (day) periods. T-4506 or T-
4516 dual temperature room thermostats are substituted for the single temperature
room thermostats used in standard control arrangements.

Methods of Control

There are three methods of accomplishing intermittent night operation:

1. Individual room control with partial day restoration at night.

2. Individual room control with complete day restoration at night.

3. Zone control with partial day restoration at night.

Pneumatic piping arrangements, wiring diagrams and descriptions of operation for


all three methods are contained in this chapter.

2/90 44
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 1. Heating Only Partial Day Restoration At Night

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 1

Day Cycle
During normal daytime operation, the dual supply air pressure is 15 PSI. Switches 2
and 3 on pressure electric switch P/ES-4 are closed, the fan is running continuously
and solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is energized to permit operation of the outside air
damper. The room thermostat is at its day setting and is controlling the unit in the
normal manner.
Night Cycle - Unoccupied
1. Valve Controlled Units
When the dual supply air pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open, and the unit coil steam valve is closed.
NOTE: On water systems, the unit coil valve remains open throughout the
night cycle.
As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases and gradually opens the unit coil steam valve to
permit the unit to operate as a convector. If the unit output as a convector is
insufficient to maintain the night setting, the room thermostat closes switch 1 to
start the fans. As the temperature begins to rise, the room thermostat again
stops the fans, and if necessary, closes the unit coil steam valve.

2/90 45
Engineering Report: H214

2. Damper Controlled Units

When the dual supply air pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open and the face damper is closed.

As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases and gradually opens the face damper to permit the
unit to operate as a convector. If the unit output as a convector is insufficient to
maintain the night setting, the room thermostat closes switch 1 to start the fans.
As the temperature begins to rise, the room thermostat again stops the fans, and
if necessary, closes the face damper.

3. Electric Heat Units

When the dual supply sir pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open, and the step controller has all heating element switches open.

As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases. At 3 PSI the room thermostat closes switch 1 to
start the fans and energizes the heating element switches of the step controller.
The unit operates at full heating capacity. As the temperature begins to rise, the
room thermostat again stops the fans and opens all switches of the step
controller.

Night Cycle - Occupied

If room occupancy is required when the unit is on night operation, the indexing
switch of the room thermostat should be depressed. This indexes the thermostat to
its day setting. Control air pressure from the room thermostat decreases and closes
switch 1 on pressure electric switch P/ES-4 causing the unit fans to run.

To return the room to night operation, manually release the indexing switch of the
room thermostat. This indexes the thermostat to its night setting and returns the unit
to intermittent night operation.

Operation of the central dual switch automatically brings the room thermostat back
onto step with the other room thermostats. Thus, the system will function normally
the following morning, even though the occupants may have neglected to operate
the indexing switch when leaving.

2/90 46
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 2. Heating Only Complete Day Restoration At Night

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 2


Day Cycle
During normal daytime operation, the switch-line is connected to the dual supply line
through the pipehead of the dual room thermostat. When the dual supply air
pressure is at 15 PSI (day value), switches 2 and 3 on pressure electric switch
P/ES-4 are closed, the fan is running continuously and solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is
energized to permit operation of the outside air damper. The room thermostat is at
its day setting and is controlling the unit in the normal manner.
Night Cycle - Unoccupied
1. Valve Controlled Units
When the dual supply air pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open, and the unit coil steam valve is closed. NOTE: On water systems, the
unit coil valve remains open throughout the night cycle.
As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases and gradually opens the unit coil steam valve to
permit the unit to operate as a convector. If the unit output as a convector is
insufficient to maintain the night setting, the room thermostat closes switch 1 to
start the fans. As the temperature begins to rise, the room thermostat again
stops the fans, and if necessary, closes the unit coil steam valve.

2/90 47
Engineering Report: H214

2. Damper Controlled Units


When the dual supply air pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open and the face damper is closed.
As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases and gradually opens the face damper to permit the
unit to operate as a convector. If the unit output as a convector is insufficient to
maintain the night setting, the room thermostat closes switch 1 to start the fans.
As the temperature begins to rise, the room thermostat again stops the fans, and
if necessary, closes the face damper.
3. Electric Heat Units
When the dual supply air pressure is changed to 20 PSI (night value), switches 2
and 3 open to stop the fans. Solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the
outside air damper is closed. The room thermostat is at its night setting, switch 1
is open and the step controller has all heating element switches open.
As the room temperature drops to the night setting, control air pressure from the
room thermostat decreases. At 3 PSI the room thermostat closes switch 1 to
start the fans and energizes the heating element switches of the step controller.
The unit operates at full heating capacity. As the temperature begins to rise, the
room thermostat again stops the fans and opens all switches of the step
controller.
Night Cycle - Occupied
If room occupancy is required when the unit is on night operation, the indexing
switch of the room thermostat should be depressed. This indexes the thermostat to
its day setting and exhausts the switch-line. Switches 2 and 3 on pressure electric
switch P/ES-4 close to provide continuous fan operation and energize the solenoid
air valve to permit normal control of the dampers. The unit is restored to normal day
operation.
To return the room to night operation, manually release the indexing switch of the
room thermostat. This indexes the room thermostat to its night setting and places
full supply air pressure into the switch-line to return the unit to intermittent night
operation.

Operation of the central dual switch automatically brings the room thermostat back
into step with the other room thermostats. Thus, the system will function normally
the following morning, even though the occupants may have neglected to operate
the indexing switch when leaving.

2/90 48
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 3. Heating Only Zone Control

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION - Figure 3

Day Cycle

During normal daytime operation, supply air pressure to room thermostat TC-1 is 20
PSI and pressure to zone thermostat TC-2 is 0 PSI. Pressure electric switch P/ES-3
is closed, the fan is running continuously and solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is energized
to permit operation of the outside air damper. The room thermostat is controlling the
unit in the normal manner.

Night Cycle - Unoccupied

1. Valve Controlled Units

During night operation, supply air pressure to the room thermostat is 0 PSI and
pressure to the zone thermostat is 20 PSI. Pressure electric switch P/ES-3 is
open to stop the fans, solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the outside
air damper is closed. The zone thermostat is at its night setting, the unit coil
valve open, and the unit is operating as a convector.

If the unit output as a convector is insufficient to maintain the night setting, the
zone thermostat closes the pressure electric switch to start the fans. As the
temperature begins to rise, the zone thermostat again stops the fans.

2/90 49
Engineering Report: H214

2. Damper Controlled Units

During night operation, supply air pressure to the room thermostat is 0 PSI and
pressure to the zone thermostat is 20 PSI. Pressure electric switch P/ES-3 is
open to stop the fans, solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the outdoor
air damper is closed. The zone thermostat is at its night setting, the face damper
is open and the unit is operating as a convector.

If the unit output as a convector is insufficient to maintain the night setting, the
zone thermostat closes the pressure electric switch to start the fans. As the
temperature begins to rise, the zone thermostat again stops the fans.

3. Electric Heat Units

During night operation, supply air pressure to the room thermostat is 0 PSI and
pressure to the zone thermostat is 20 PSI. Pressure electric switch P/ES-3 is
open to stop the fans, solenoid air valve E/PV-1 is de-energized and the outside
air damper is closed. The zone thermostat is at its night setting.

At 3 PSI the zone thermostat closes the pressure switch to start the fans and
energizes the heating element switches of the step controller. The unit is
operating at full heating capacity. As the temperature begins to rise, the zone
thermostat again stops the fans.

Night Cycle - Occupied

If room occupancy is required when the unit is on night operation, the indexing
switch of the zone thermostat should be depressed. This indexes the thermostat to
the day setting. Control air pressure from the zone thermostat decreases and closes
the pressure electric switch, causing the fans to run.

To return the room to night operation, manually release the indexing switch of the
zone thermostat. This indexes the thermostat to its night setting and returns the unit
to intermittent night operation.

Operation of the central supply switch automatically brings the zone thermostat back
into step with the other room thermostats. Thus, the system will function normally
the following morning, even though the occupants may have neglected to operate
the indexing switch when leaving.

2/90 50
Engineering Report: H214

CHAPTER 7

UNIT VENTILATOR CONTROL MODULES

General Information

Unit Ventilator Control Modules are compact combinations of standard pneumatic-


electric, electric-pneumatic devices and optional thermostats which are used for unit
ventilator control.

The control modules perform switching operations in conjunction with the control
devices for the various cycles of operation and different forms of heating and
cooling unit ventilators. The electrical devices, solenoid air valves, pressure electric
switches, and optional thermostats are factory pre-wired and tested. Electrical
connections, which are ordinarily made from the controls to the unit ventilator
components, are terminated in polarized plugs which simply plug into mating
receptacles within the unit ventilator. Pneumatic control connections are made with
5/32 or 1/4 in. O.D. polytubing, to barbed fittings provided on the modules.

Models

Three series of modules are available for the following types of unit ventilator
control:

UV-1000 No Night Operation


UV-2000 Zone Night Operation
UV-3000 Room Night Operation

These U.V. Control Modules are available with or without a low temperature
detection thermostat and with or without a cooling lockout thermostat. In addition to
these alternatives, several others are available. Because of the many combinations,
code numbers have been given, with each digit of the number representing an
important feature of the control module (see Code Number Description). All Unit
Ventilator Control Modules are UL recognized.

Mounting

The U.V. Control Modules are designed for easy installation in a unit ventilator end
compartment. They may be installed directly by the unit ventilator manufacturer or
field mounted by Johnson Controls personnel. In either case, mounting holes are
provided by the unit ventilator manufacturers to facilitate efficient installation of the
modules.

2/90 51
Engineering Report: H214

Code Number Description


Available
Choices Description

First 1 No Night Operation


2 Zone Night Operation
3 Room Night Operation

Second 0 Without Low Temperature Detection Thermostat


1 With Low Temperature Detection Thermostat

Third 0 Without Cooling Lockout Thermostat


1 With Cooling Lockout Thermostat

Fourth 0 Without Cooling Changeover (See Note)


1 *Electric Heat (Not Available on UV-2000 Models)
2 Single Cooling Changeover
(Not Available on UV-2000 Models)
4 Single Cooling Changeover and
Additional Cooling Changeover EP
(Available on UV-3000 Models Only)
6 Duplex Cooling Changeover
7 *Duplex Cooling Changeover and Electric Heat

NOTE: All U.V. Modules include a Solenoid Air Valve for the outside air damper actuator.

*Requires Unit Ventilator Model G-7185 Step Controller with cord and plug on
solenoid air valve.

2/90 52
Engineering Report: H214

U.V. MODULE COMPONENT DESCRIPTION


Code
Name Number Description
*E/PV-1 V11UAA O.A. EP Closest to Panel
E/PV-2 V11UAA Changeover EP Away From Panel
E/PV-3 V11UAA 2nd Changeover EP, Mount on O.A. Damper actuator
With Bracket Furnished.
P/ES-1 P10BC-11 PE Switch, Changeover N.O. Open: 10 PSI
Close: 13 PSI
P/ES-2 P10FC-5 PE Switch, Changeover SW. #1 N.O. Clg. Chassis
SW. #2 N.O. Changeover Open: 10 PSI
Open: 8.5 PSI Close: 14.5 PSI
Close: 13.0 PSI
P/ES-3 P10BC-11 PE Switch, Day/Night N.C. Open: 6 PSI
Close: 3 PSI
P/ES-4 P10PA-7 PE Switch, Day/Night SW. #2 & #3
SW. #1 Closest To Panel
Away From Panel Open: 17.4 PSI
Open: 6 PSI Close: 17 PSI
Close: 3 PSI
TSL-1 A11B-4C Low Temperature Stat, Open 40F
TSL-2 A28AB-3C Cooling Lockout Stat, Makes on Temperature Rise.
Set @ 60F.

NOTE: Step Controller KC-1 shown in some drawings is NOT included with any
U.V. Module.

*UV-1000 include plug with E/PV-1, order UV-1000-101.

2/90 53
Engineering Report: H214

APPLICATION OF UV-1000 SERIES CONTROL MODULES


(NO NIGHT OPERATION)
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED

MODULE
NUMBER DESCRIPTION

UV-1000 Heating-Only, Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling Damper 1 1


Control or Two-Pipe Valve Control
UV-1001 Heating-Only, Electric Heat 1 1 1

UV-1002 Four-Pipe Heating-Cooling, Valve Control, Cycle "II" 1 1 1 1

UV-1006 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling* 1 1 1 1 1

UV-1016 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling, With Outdoor Air 1 1 1 1 1 1
Cooling Lockout Thermostat**
UV-1100 Heating-Only Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling Damper 1 1 1
Control or Two-Pipe Valve Control, With Freezestat
IV-1106 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling, with Freezestat* 1 1 1 1 1 1

UV-1116 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling With Outdoor Air 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Cooling Lockout Thermostat and Freezestat**
**Applies to Trane Units Only
**Appliess to American Air Filter and MSI Units Only

Figure 1. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2 Pipe Coil

2/90 54
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 2. Heating Only, Electric

Figure 3. Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 4 Pipe (Cycle II and W)

2/90 55
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 4. Heating-Valve Control


Cooling-Direct Expansion
(Trane Units Only)

Figure 5. Heating-Valve Control


Cooling-Direct Expansion
Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

2/90 56
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 6. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat
(Trane Units Only)

Figure 7. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2 Pipe Coil
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat

2/90 57
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 8. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling-Direct Expansion
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat
Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

2/90 58
Engineering Report: H214

APPLICATION OF UV-2000 SERIES CONTROL MODULES


(ZONE NIGHT OPERATION)
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED

MODULE
NUMBER DESCRIPTION

UV-2000 Heating-Only, Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling 1 1 1 1


Damper Control or Two-Pipe Control
UV-2016 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
With Outdoor Air Cooling Lockout Thermostat**
UV-2100 Heating-Only Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling 1 1 1 1 1
Damper Control or Two-Pipe Valve Control, With Freezestat
***Applies to American Air Filter and MSI Units Only

Figure 9. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2-Pipe Coil

2/90 59
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 10. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

Figure 11. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2-Pipe Coil
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat

2/90 60
Engineering Report: H214

APPLICATION OF UV-3000 SERIES CONTROL MODULES


(ROOM NIGHT OPERATION)
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED

MODULE
NUMBER DESCRIPTION

UV-3000 Heating-Only, Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling 1 1 1 1


Damper Control or Two-Pipe Valve Control
UV-3001 Heating-Only, Electric Heat 1 1 1 1 1
UV-3004 Four-Pipe Heating-Cooling, Valve Control, Cycle II 1 2 1 1 1 1
UV-3006 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling* 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
UV-3007 Electric Heat, Direct Expansion Cooling* 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
UV-3016 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
With Outdoor Air Cooling Lockout Thermostat**
UV-3017 Electric Heat, Direct Expansion Cooling, With 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Outdoor Air Cooling Lockout Thermostat**
UV-3100 Heating-Only Valve or Damper Control, Heating-Cooling 1 1 1 1 1
DamerControl or Two-Pipe Valve Control, With Freezestat
UV-3102 Four-Pipe Heating-Cooling, Valve Control, Cycle II, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
With Freezestat
UV-3104 Four-Pipe Heating-Coolng, Valve Control, Cycle II 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
With Freezestat
UV-3106 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expansion Cooling, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
With Freezestat*
UV-3116 Valve Control Heating, Direct Expanison Cooling, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
With Outdoor Air Cooling Lockout Thermostat and Freezestat**
**Applies to Trane Units Only
**Appliess to American Air Filter and MSI Units Only

Figure 12. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2-Pipe Coil

2/90 61
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 13. Heating Only, Electric

Figure 14. Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 4-Pipe (Cycle II)

2/90 62
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 15. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
(Trane Units Only)

Figure 16. Heating - Electric


Cooling - Direct Expansion
(Trane Units Only)

2/90 63
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 17. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

Figure 18. Heating - Electric


Cooling - Direct Expansion
With Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

2/90 64
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 19. Heating Only, Valve or Damper Control


Heating-Cooling, Damper Control
Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 2-Pipe Coil
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat

Figure 20. Heating - Cooling, Valve Control 4-Pipe (Cycle II)


Low Temperature Detection Thermostat

2/90 65
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 21. Heating-Cooling, Valve Control 4-Pipe


(Cycle II) Low Temperature
Detection Thermostat

Figure 22. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat
(Trane Units Only)

2/90 66
Engineering Report: H214

Figure 23. Heating - Valve Control


Cooling - Direct Expansion
Low Temperature Detection Thermostat
Cooling Lockout Thermostat
(American Air Filter and MSI Units Only)

2/90 67