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IS : 737 - 1986

( Reslliied 1996)

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM
ALLOY SHEET AND STRIP FOR GENERAL
ENGINEERING PURPOSES

f Third Revision /

Third Reprint MARCH 1997

UDC 669.71-415

@ Copyright 1987

BURiEAU OF INDiAN STANDARDS


MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARC
NEW DELHI 110002

Cr5 December 1987


Is:737-1986

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM
ALLOY SHEET AND STRIP FOR GENERAL
ENGINEERING PURPOSES

( Third Revision)

Light Metals and Their Alloys Sectional Committee, SMDC 10

Chakmn Representing
DR RAIENDM KYMAR Regional Research Laboratory ( CSIR ), Bhopal

Members
ADDITIONAL DIRECTOR
( MET). Ministry of Railways
RDSO, LUCKNOW
SHRIV. K. AGRAWAL Iiindustan Aluminium Corporation Ltd. Renukoot
SHRIN. G. SHARMA ( AIrernafeI )
SHRI S. P. S. MetrrA ( Alterore II )
SHRIPREMBAVEJA Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Bangalore
SHRIR. KUPPASWAMY( Altermte )
SHRIS. C BHAWAL National Test House, Calcutta
SHRIS. C. SHARMA ( Alternate )
SHRIA. T. BORATE Premier Automobiles Ltd, Bombay
SHRI P. P. KINI ( Alfernu/e )
SHRI C. R. CHAKRAVORTY Ministry of Defence ( R&D) (DMRL.
Hyderabad )
SHRIR. S. CHOPRA Jaya Hind Industries Ltd. Pune
SHRIR. D. MATHUR ( Alternote )
SHR~P. S. DF.SIKAN Central Electrochemical Research Institute
( CSIR ), Karaikudi
SHR~R. SUBRAMANIAN
( AIternute )
DIRECWR Nati;~~~u~llurgical Laboratory ( CSIR ),
DIREWR (MET ) Development Commissioner (Small Scale fndus-
tries ), New Delhi
( Continued on page 2 )

0 Copyright 1987
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and
reproduction in whole or in rt by any means except with written permission of the
uublirher shall be deemed to E an infrineement of movrinht under the said Acts
IS : 737 - 1986

( Conrinued from page 1 )


Members Representing
SHR~A. K. HAJRA Indian Aluminium Co Ltd. Calcutta
SHRI K. SIJRYANARAYANAN ( Alternate )
SHRI A. V. HARNE Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd
SHRI K. K. SESGOD.~N( Abernafe )
Jo!ur DIRECTOR STAXDARDS Ministry of Railways
( CARRIAGE)-I, RDSO.
LVCKNOW
SHRI S. K. MEHROTRA Bharat Aluminium Co Ltd
SHHI D. MUKHERJEE ( Alfernafe )
SHRI 0. P. MATHUR Electrical Manufacturing Co Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI S. C. MALHO~RA( Alternate )
SHRI L. MISHRA Directorate General of Technical Development,
New Delhi
SHR~M. J. POOK Premier Irrigation Equipment Ltd, Cakutta
SHRI K. K. SINHA( Alrernare )
SHRI N. PUNXUSWAMY Madras Aluminium Co Ltd. Mettur Dam
SHRI M. SAMIYULLAH( Ahernate )
SHRI K. R. RAGHUNATH Jindal Aluminium Ltd. Bangalore
SHRI A. K. SWAMI ( Alternote )
SHRI R. RAMD~S Ministry of Finance ( Indian Govt Mint,
Hyderabad )
SHRI V. K. SACHDEVA Directorate of Technical Development and Produc-
tion ( AIR ) ( Ministry of Defence ), New
Delhi
SHRI K. N. SINHA ( Aiternme )
SHRI R. N. SAHA Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals, New
Delhi
SHR~ DIPANKARKIRTI ( Alternate )
DR M. S. SES~~ADRI Indian Pistons Ltd. Madras
SHRI R. P. SHAHI Ministry of Defence ( DGI )
SHRI K. D. SWAMI ( Alternate )
SHRI H. K. FHARAFP Federation of Engineering Industries of India,
New Delhi
SHRI H. L. BHARDWAJ( Alrernafe )
SHRI D. SIVASUBRAMANIAM Aluminium Industries Ltd. Madras
SHRI S. GOPALAKRISHNAN ( Alternate )
SHRI B. VIDYANT Ministry of Defence ( Ordnance Factory, .Nagpur )
SHRI S. TATA ( Alternate )
SHRI B. MUKHERJI Director General, BIS ( Ex-oficio Merirber )
Director ( Strut & Met )

Secretary
SI~RIJAOMOHANSIKGH
Deputy Director ( Metals ), BIS

2
IS : 737 - 19%

fndian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM
ALLOY SHEET AND STRIP FOR GENERAL
ENGINEERING PURPOSES

( Third Revision )
0. FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Third Revision ) was adopted by the Indian
Standards Institution on 25 November 1986, after the draft finalized by the
Light Metals and Their Alloys Sectional Committee had been approved by
the Structural and Metals Division Council.

0.2 This standard was first issued in 1956 and subsequently revised in 1965
and 1974. Further revision became necessary as number of new alloys
which have found wide applications in engineering industries were required
to be included. Tables on requirements for mechanical properties were
reviewed and modified, wherever necessary. The main modifications which
have been made in this revision are as follows:

a) Aluminium of 996 percent purity has been added, and


b) Code designations given in IS : 6051-1970* have been adopted in
this standard. The relevant extract from the standard for designating
wrought aluminium alloys is given in Appendix A.

0.3 Some characteristics and typical uses of alloys specified in the standard
have been listed in Appendix B.

0.4 The major alloying elements have been printed in. heavy type in the
chemical composition ( see Table 1 ).

*Codefor da&nation of aluminiumand its alloya.

3
TABLE 1 CHEMICAL CChHPOSITION OF WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOY
SHEET AND STRIP
( Ckwes 0.4 and 5.1 )

Composition limits are in percent maximum, unless shown otherwise.

DPIONA- ALUMINIUM COPPERMAGNESIIJMSILKON IRON MANGANESE ZINC TITANIUM CHROMIUM REMARKS


TION AND/OR
OTHERGRAIN
REPINING
ELl?MENTS

(1) (2) (3) (4) (9 (6) 0 (8) (9) (10) (11)


19990 9939xin - - - c)- - - -. Cu&Si+Fe=OOl
19800 99% Min 003 - 0.1s 015 0.03 0% - - Cu+Si+Fe+Mn
+Zn = 0.2
e 19m 99-1 Min 0.03 - 0.2 0.25 0.03 0.06 - Cum+-=Fyn

19600 99.6 Min O-05 - o-25 0.35 0.03 0% - CU-I-I-I-F;,$MXI

19soo 995 Min 0.05 - 0.3 0.4 0.05 0.1 Cu zg; F;; Mn
e .
999 Min 0.7 01 0.1 - Cu+Mg+Si+Fe
+Mo+Zn=l.O
24345 Remainder 0.7 03-1.2 0.2 @3 I-PIP
24345 0.7 Q3-1.2 0.2 0.3. 0.3
Alclad
31000 OS15 0.2 0.2 0.2
3lsal Remainder 10-15 0.2 0.2 -
0.2
.

510&3-A Remainder 02 03-1.1 @6 07 02 01


51OOO-BRemainder 02 1-1-18 o-6 07 02 01
51300 Rerzzinder 03 0-2-09 0-6 09 02-0.7 02
52000 Remainder 01 1+26 0-6 0-7 05 0.25 Cri-Mn=05
53000 Remainder 01 2%4(I @6 07 05 0.25 Cr-j-Mn=05
54300 Remainder 01 4+3-4 9 U4 07 IF5-1.O 025
55000 Remainder 01 45-55 06 07 05 025 Cr+Mn=05
64430 Remainder 01 0412 0-613 06 04-1.0 0.25
65032 Remainder 015-04 07-102 &4-08 07 0.2-08 015-035 Either Mn or Cr
shaU be present
74530 Remainder 02 lQ-15 M 07 02-(V7 0.2

(A NOTE- It is the responsibility of tkz supplier to ensm that any element not s~ificall limited is not present h an
amount such as is generally a=pted as having an ad~- eflect on the product. If a purei asers requirements neces-
sitate limits for any element not specified. it should be a- between the pw-chaser and the supplier.
*Titariium and/or other grain refining e!ements and or timium may be present 2t the option of the suppiier prm:d-
ed the total content dms not exceed 03 percen~

-.

.._ ..-------- .. ___


____ .__._.. ____

,.....
____
. ....... u. .-_ . A_
-

.,
. ..

.
\ ?
IS :737 - 1986

0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this


standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expres-
sing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with
IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off
value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers the requirements for wrought aluminium and
aluminium alloy sheet and strip for general engineering purposes.

2. TERMlNOLOGY
2.0 For the purpose of this standard, the following definitions as given in
IS : 5047 ( Part 1 )-1986t and IS : 5047 ( Part 2 )-1979: shall apply.
2.1 Sheet/Strip - Hot or cold rolled product of rectangular section, over
0.15 mm but less than 6.00 mm thick. It may be either in straight length
or in coil form.
2.2 Heat-Treatment Batch - A quantity of material of one alloy of the
same dimension and produced in the same way, solution-treated and sub-
sequently precipitation treated in the furnace load. More than one heat-
treatment batch may comprise a furnace load.

3. SUPPLY OF MATERIAL
3.1 General requirements relating to the supply of aluminium and alumi-
nium alloy sheet and strip shall conform to IS : 10259-19823.

4. FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS


4.1 The material shall be sound and free from harmful defects.

5. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
5.1 The chemical composition of the aluminium and aluminiutialloys used
for the sheet and strip shall be according to Table 1.
5.2 The chemical composition of the material shall be determined either
in accordance with IS : 504-196311 or any other instrumental/chemical
~~- ~. -.__-
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ).
tGlossary of terms relating to aluminium and aluminium alloys : Part 1 Unwrought
and wrought metals ( second revision ).
iGlossary of terms relating to aluminium and aluminium alloys : Part 2 Plant and
operations, thermal treatment, control and testing, finishing.
(iGenera conditions of delivery and inspection of aluminium and aluminium alloy
products.
(1Methods of chemical analysis of aluminium and its alloys ( revised ).

6
IS:737- 1986

method of analysis. In case of dispute, the method specified in IS : 504-1963*


shall be used as the referee method.
6. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
6.1 The mechanical properties of sheet and strip shall comply with the
requirements given in Table 2.

TABLE 2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND


ALUMINIUM ALLOY SHEET AND STRIP

DESIG- CONDI- 0.2 PER- TENSILE ELONGATION0~ 50 mm BEND


NATION TION* CENT STIIENC;TH, GAUGE LENGTH, PERCENT, TEST,
PROOF MPa FOK THICKNESS RADIUS
STRESS _--_-_A_ -1 OF BEND
MPa -05to Over Over Over.
0.8 mm 0.8 to 1.3 to 2.6 to
--*-- 1.3 mm 2.6 mm 6.3 mm
Min Min Max Min Min Min Min

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
19990 0 - 30 35 40 45 Close
H2 - 80 1: 7 10 12 1/2t
H4 - 100 - 3 : 5 6 1t
- 29 29 29 34 Close
19800 :2 - 90 1;: 6 1/2t
H4 - 120 - : 4 ;: : It
- 27 29 34 Close
19700 :2 - 95 1;; 4 2: 6 l/2 t
H4 - 120 - 3 3 4 I: It
- 25 25 29 32 Close
19600 :2 - z 1% 4 5 6 1/2t
H4 - 125 - 3 3 8 4 1t
19500 0 - 22 25 29 30 Close
- ;z 1;: 5 6 1/2t
:: - 125 - 34 3 4 $ 1t
19000 0 - 70 110 20 25 29 30 ClOSe
Hl - 130 Close
HZ - 1Z 140 : s s8 58 l/2 t
H3 - 125 150 4 1/2t
H4 - 140 - f ; 3 3 1t
24345 0 240 14 Close
2G 380 - 13 :: :: :44
GP 345 42q - 6 6 6 6 ::
24345 0 - - 240 14 14 14 14 Close
Alclad W 22s 370 - 13 14 14 14
WP 320 395 - 6 6 6 7 ::
( Confhued )

*Methods of chemical analysis of aluminium and its alloys ( revised ).

7
IS:737 - 1986

TABLE 2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND


ALUMINIUM ALLOY SHEET AND STRIP - Cod

nFSK;- CONDI-0.2 PEK- TENSILE ELONGATIONON~~~~ BEND


NAIION TION* CENT S'Jl~ENGTll. GAUGE LENGTH,PERCENT, TEST,
PKOOP MPa Fan T~~ICKX;~SS RADIUS
Sml3s -_-_h__ y OFBEND
MPa 05 to Over Over Over
@8 mm 0.8 to 1.3 to 2.6 to
4-y 1.3 mm 2.6mm 6.3 mm
hiit, Min MA Mitt Min Mill Mitt

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
31000 0 - 90 130 20 23 24 Close
Hl 115 150 5 Close
HZ! - 130 180 t ; J/2 t
H3 -- 150 195 ; 4
H4 - 170 - 2 2 3 ::
31500 - 125 165 16 16 18 20 Close
El .- 150 210 5 8 J/2t
- 245 : 4 : It
HH
f
H4
-
-
:z
245
275
-
2
1
2
1
3
1
:
2
2t
4t
40800 - 85 120 20 23 25 30 Close
- 105 140 5 6 Close
- 125 160 3 4 3 : J/2 t
150 180 4 4 1t
- 175 - f ; 3 3 3t
51000-A 0 105 150 18 18 18 22 Close
85 120 160 4 5 6 Close
:1 105 140 180 3. 3 4 l/2 t
H3 125 160 200 3 2
H4 - 185 - : ; 2 2 ::
51000-B 0 170 18 18 19 Close
110 ::: 195 3 J48 J/2t
HH:. 140 175 215 2 : 4 1t
H3 155 190 225 J ;5 2
H4 - 200 1 2 ; 2 -
51300 0 - 95 145 14 14 15 J6 Close
- 130 180 l/2 t
:I - 15.0 200 : 2 3 : It
175 215 2 2 3 4 2t
:: - J95 - 1 1 1 2 4t
52000 0 175 215 16 16 18 CloSe
Hl 1: 240 3 56 l/2 t
H2 175 22g 275 24 3 f 1t
190 235 295 f 2 3 - -
z 215 265 - 1 2 3 - -
( Continued )

8
IS: 737- 1986

TABLE 2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND


ALUMINIUM ALLOYS SHEET AND STRIP - Conrd

DESIG- CONDI- @2 PER- TENSILE ELONGATION ON 50 mm BEND


NATION TION* CENT STRENGTH, GAUGE LENGTH, PERCENT, TUT,
PROOF MPa FOR THICKNESS RADIUS
STRESS I A , OF BEND
MPa d.5 to Over Over Over.
0.8 mm 0.8 to 1.3 to 2.6 to
-L 1.3 mm 2.6 mm 6.3 mm
Min Min Max Min Min

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
53000 0 85 210 270 12 14 18 Close
HI 160 240 290 4 Z
H2 220 270 320 3 z 5 57 ;:
225 290 340 4 - -
z: 235 310 - 2 22 3 - -
54300 0 130 265 365 12 14 16 Close
HI 235 315 395 7 2t
H2 215 355 - : x 5 : 3t
55000 0 130 265 365 12 14 16 16 Close
HI 220 310 395 5 6 7 7 2t
64430 0 175 17 Close
W 115 200 - :24 ;; f 15 2t
WP 250 295 - 5 5 6 3t
65032 0 175 14 16 Close
1-z 200 15 :; f;
wP 235 280 - 4 5 5 6 3:
74530 w -175 280 - 8 9 10 5t
( naturally aged
for 30 days )
WP 270 315 - 6 7 8 5t
( 17.5 )
NOTE1 - 1 MPa = 1 N/mm3 = 0.102 kgf/mm*.
NOTE 2 -- For thickness 26 mm and less, elongation values are for guidance only
and not guaranteed. For this purpose bend test as specified in 6.3 may be carried
out.
+Condirions
Annealed
El Strain hardened
H2 Strain hardened and partially annealed
H3 Strain hardened and stabilized
H4 Strain hardened and stabilized
W Solution-heat treated and naturally aged
WP Solution-heat treated and precipitation treated.

9
IS : 737 - 1986

6.2 Tensile Test and Proof Stress - The tensile test shall be carried out
and proof stress determined thereby in accordance with IS : 1816-1979*.
6.2.1 The tensile test piece shall be of rectangular section andconform
to the dimensions as given in IS : 1816-l979* with a gaugelength of 50 mm.
The test piece shall be cut transverse to the direction of rolling for sheet
and strip 300 mm wide and over and parallel to the direction ofrolling for
sheet and strip under 300 mm wide. When the width of the material to be
tested is insufficient to permit preparation of the standard tensile test piece,
a piece of the full width of the material may be used.
6.3 Bend Test ( for Material 2.6 mm and Thinner ) - Unless otherwise
stated, the bend test piece shall be not less than 15 mm wide, of convenient
length, and cut with its longer axis transverse to the direction of rolling.
The longer edges shall be carefully rounded and smoothened longitudinally,
so that the cross-section of the test piece has approximately semi-circular
ends.
6.3.1 The test piece may be bent by hand to a U-form, and the piece
thus obtained shall subsequently be closed in a vice until the inner surfaces
of the test piece are twice the specified radius apart ( or are in genera1
contact, if the test piece is to be closed flat ).
6.3.2 When tested in accordance with 6.3.1, the outer surface of the bend
shall not show any visible crack ( fop details, see IS : 1599-1985t ).
7. CONDITION
7.1 The material shall be supplied in the condition as required by the
purchaser, while specifying the condition, the temper designation as laid
down in IS : 5052-1969: shall be followed.
8. DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES
8.1 The dimensions and tolerances of sheet and strip shall be as given in
IS : 2676-1981s and IS : 2677-197911.
9. SELECTION OF TEST SAMPLES
9.1 Sheet and Strip of Alumiaium or Non-heat Treatable Aluminium Alloys -
Material of the same thickness, produced in the same way, and of th same
nominal composition shall be grouped into batches of not more than
4 000 kg. If a sheet or strip in coil exceeds 4 000 kg in weight, it shall be
deemed to represent one batch.

*Method for tensile test for light metals and their alloys (firsi &Con ).
tMethod for bend test ( second revision ).
STemperdesignations of aluminium and its alloys.
QDimensions for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys, sheet and strip (first
revision ).
l/Dimensions for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys, plates and hot-rolled
sheets (firsr revision ).

IO
IS:737- 1986

9.1.1 The supplier shall sample each batch at such a rate that he may, on
the results of the mechanical tests on the samples, certify that the material
conforms to this specification.
9.1.2 Before the test samples are cut off, they shall be marked to identify
them with the batch they represent. The test samples shall be taken from
the material as supplied and shall not be further annealed or mechanically
worked ( except for preparing the test piece ) before being tested. The test
samples may be cut from the margins of the material before cutting it to
size.
9.2 Sheet and Strip of Heat-Treatake Aluminium Allcrys - One test sample
shall be cut from a sheet or strip selected from each heat-treatment batch.
Before the test samples are cut off, they shall be marked to identify them
with the heat-treatment batch they represent.
9.2.1 The test samples shall be tested in the 0, W or WP conditions after
heat-treatment as appropriate, as specified by the purchaser. The test
samples, after heat-treatment, shall not be mechanically worked ( except for
straightening and machining the test piece ) before being tested.
9.2.2 Material in the 0 condition, when heat-treated, may be expected to
have properties of the order of 15 MPa less than the specified properties for
the W or WP conditions as appropriate.
9.2.3 For material supplied in the W condition, the test samples shall be
tested in the condition as supplied, unless the purchaser has specified that
he requires the test samples to be tested in the WP condition. The test
samples shall not be mechanically worked (except for machining the test
piece ) before being tested. The test samples may be cut from the margins
of the material before cutting it to size.
9.2.4 For material supplied in the WP condition, the test samples shall
be tested in the condition as supplied. The test samples shall not be further
heat-treated or mechanically worked ( except for machining the test piece )
before being tested. The test samples may be cut from the margins of the
material before cutting rt to size.

10. RE-TESTS
10.1 Should any of the test pieces first selected fail to pass the mechanical
tests. two further samples from the same batch shall be selected for testing,
one of which shall be from the sheet or strip from which the original test
sample was taken, unless that sheet or strip has been withdrawn by the
supplier.
10.2 For heat-treatable alloys, the supplier shall have right, if he so
desires, to re-heat-treat the material before the two further samples are
selected.

11
Is : 737 - 1986

10.3 Should the test pieces from both these additional samples pass, the
batch represented by the test samples shall be deemed to comply with this
standard. Should the test pieces from either of these additional samples
fail, the batch represented by the test samples shall be deemed not to
comply with this standard.

11. MkRJiING
11.1 Each package/coil of sheet(s) and strip(s) may be suitably marked for
identification, with the name of the manufacturer, grade, condition of the
material and batch number. The supplier shall furnish a certificate that the
material supplied complies with the requirements of this specification.
11.1.1 The material may also be marked with the Standard Mark.
NOTE - The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau
of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. The
Standard Mark on products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assurance
that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that standard under
a well defined system of inspection, testing and quality control which is devised and
supervised by BIS and operated by the producer. Standard marked products are also
continuously checked by BIS for conformity to that standard as a further safeguard.
Details of conditions under which a licence for the use of the Standard Mark may be
granted to manufacturers or producers, may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian
Standards.

APPENDIX A
( Clause 0.2 )
EXTRACT FROM IS : 6051-1970 CODE FOR DESIGNATION OF
ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS
A-l. IDENTIFICATION OF ELEMENTS
A-l.1 Elements shall be identified by the group number indicated against
each in Table 3.

TABLE 3 ELEMENT NUMBER DESIGNATIONS


ELEMENT GROUP NUMBER
ILJt;E;ed aluminium ( wrought and cast form ) 1

Manganese i
Silicon 4
Magnesium 5
Magnesium silicide ( Mg,Si ) 6
Zinc
Other elements ( nickel, titanium, chromium, lead, bismuth, etc ) ii
Unassigned 9

12
IS : 737 - 1986

A-2. FIVEDIGIT SYSTEM [ FOR WROUGHT ALUMINUM


ALLOYS, ALUMINIUM ( UNALLOYED )J
A-2.1 Wrought Aluminium Alloys
First Digit Second Digit Third, Fourth and
Fifth Digits
First digit identifies Second digit indicates Third, fourth and filth
$im:;r alloying rounded off mean value digits identify the minor
of the percentage of the alloying elements in the
major alloying element, descending order of their
except for Group 4 percentage and in the
containing silicon, when case of same alloy per-
the digit refers to the centage in the serial
mean percentage halved order, except for Group
and rounded off; and 6 containing the inter-
for Group 6 containing metallic compound
magnesium silicide, the ( Mg$i) when the third
digit refers to five times digit refers to either
the mean magnesium magnesium or silicon
percentage rounded off which is in excess of that
required for magnesium
silicide ( that is I.7 which
is the ratio of Mg to Si ).
For balanced composi-
tions, the third digit will
be zero
In case of high purity
aluminium base alloy,
the fifth digit will be 1
Example:
Alloying Elements and Their Designation
Mean Percentages

Cu 15, Si 1.0, Mg Q85 22450


Mn l-2 31000
Si 5.2 43000
Mg 44, Mn cl5 54300
Mg O-65, Si 050 63400
Mg O-65, Si 050 (EC Grade ) 63401
Mg 0.95, Si O-95 65400

13
IS : 737 - 1986

A-2.2 Wrought Alumieium ( U~slloyed )

First Digit Second Digit Third and Fourth Fifth Digit


Digits
First digit is always Second digit is Third and fourth Fifth digit indi-
shown as 1 repre- always shown digits indicate cates variants,
senting unalloyed as 9. the unit the decimal if any
aluminium* digit of 99 purity percen- Example :
( wrought ) minimum purity tage EC grade alu-
percentage minium shown
as 1
Example:
Aluminium Purity, Designation
Percent
Al 9999 19990
Al 99.5 19500
Al 995 ( EC Grade ) 19501
Al 990 19000

APPENDIX B
( Clause 0.3 )

CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPICAL USES OF AIZOYS


Designa- Characteristics Avaikrble Typical Uses
tion Forms
19~0 Super-purity aluminium Sheet and strip Electrolytic capacitors,
having excellent reflec- decorative hollowares,
tivity, ihermal and trims and other appli-
electrical conductivity cations uiring high
degree of%I ish

@Unalloyedehminium by eonvcntion or &&&ion is not less than 999 pacsot


akainium.

14
Is : 737 - 1986

Designa- Characteristics Available Typical Uses


tion Forms

19800 High purity aluminium Sheet, plate Jewellery, decorative


and having good corrosion and wire and novelty anodized
19700 resistance items, auto trim,
reflectors, breweries
and some chemical
plants and metallizing
19600 High purity aluminium Sheet, plate, Corrosion resistant
and more resistant to extrusion, cladding on stronger
19500 corrosion than other tube, wire, alloys, impact extruded
grades rolled rod containers; food, che-
and forgings mical brewing and pro-
cessing equipments,
tanks and pipes,
marine fittings, reflec-
tors, pressed and
anodized utility items,
jewellery and cable
sheathing

19000 Commercially pure alu- Sheet, plate, Panelling and moulding;


minium. Very ductile extrusion, refrigeration tubing
in annealed or extrud- tube, wire equipment for chemi-
ed condition. Excellent and forgings cal, food and brewing
resistance to corrosion industries; packaging;
cooking utensils. Sheet
metal work, architec-
tural and builders hard-
ware, spun/pressed
halloware, deep drawn
parts, cladding, weld-
ing wire and electrical
appliances

24345 Combines high strength Sheet, plate, Heavy duty forgings,


with fair ductility in extrusion, structures where high
the solution-treated tube, wire mechanical properties
condition, when form- and forgings are of utmost impor-
ing can be done and tance, aircraft applica-
parts subsequently tion of clad sheets,
aged extrusions and arma-
ments

15
Designa- Characteristics Available Typical Uses
tit% FiWP?lS

31000 stronger and harder Sheet, plate, General purpose alloy


than 19000 buthas extrusion, for moderate strength
good workability, wel- wire, tube applications, pressure-
dability and corrosion and forgings vessels, irrigation tub-
resistance ing, heat exchangers,
utensils and pressure
cookers, roofing sheets,
pilferproof and deto-
nator caps, air-condi-
tioning ducting fan
blades and vehicle
penelling
31500 Strength between alloys Sheet and strip General purpose sheet,
31000 and 52000. It roofing and siding,
has good formability, utensils, sheet metal
weldability and corro- work, vehicle panelling,
sion resistance pressure vessels and
lamp caps
40800 Strength comparable to Sheet, strip Vehicle panelling, fan
alloy 3 1000 and ducti- and plate blades and other appli-
lity comparable t; cations same as of
alloy 19000. alloys 19000 and 31000
alloy is fine grained except those for bright
and has excellent anodizing purposes,
drawability detonators, utensils/
holloware containers
and closures

51000-A Stronger thad alloy Sheet, strip Appl.iances and utensils,


3 1000, and has excel- and plate architectural trims, con-
lent finishing charac- sumer durables with
teristics. It can be attractive anodized fini-
readily shaped by shes
pressing and forming
51000-B StryrA greater than Sheet, strip Architectural applica-
and plate tions; high anodizing
quality kitchenware
and cooking utensils,
consumer durables;

16
IS : 737 - 1986

Designa- Characreristics Available Typical Uses


tion Forms

bath-room fittings, auto


trim, air-conditioner
and TV housing; che-
mical equipment,
marine applications
and refrigerator trim
5 1300 Stronger and harder Corrugated General purpose alloy
than alloy 19000 sheet, sheet which can be used for
Strength between and strip most of the applications
alloys 31000 and of alloys 31000 and
31500. It has good 19000
weldability
52000 Ductile in soft condition Sheet, plate, Panelling and struc-
but work hardens extrusion, tures, sheet metal work
rapidly, becoming tube, wire and domestic appli-
extremely tough. Has and forgings ances
high resistance to
corrosive attack,
especially in marine
atmosphere

53000 Same as 52000 Sheet, extru- Shipbuilding; rivets; pre-


sion, tube, ssure vessels anu other
wire and roll- processing tanks; cryo-
ed rod genics and welded
structures
54300 Same as 52000 Sheet, plate, Welded structures, cryo-
extrusion and genic applications,
forgings structural marine appli-
cations, rail and road
tank cars, rivets and
missile components

55000 Same as, 52000 Sheet, plate Shipbuilding and other


wire and applications demanding
forgings moderately high stre-
ngth with good corro-
sion resistance; rivets,
zippers, welding wire,
etc

17
ls:737-1986

Designa- Chracferistics Available Typical Uses


lion Forms
64430_ A medium-strength Sheet, plate, Structural application of
alloy with good extrusion, all kinds, such as road
mechanical proper- tube, wire and rail transport vehi-
ties, corrosion resis- and forgings cles, bridges, cranes,
tance and weldability roof ttusses, rivets, etc.
Cargo containers, milk
containers and flooring
65032 Medium strength; very Sheet, plate, Same as 64430
good forming charac- extrusion,
teristics in the 0 and tube, wire
W condition. Good and forgings
corrosion resistance

74530 Medium strength self- Sheet, plate Stressed structural appli-


ageing weldable alloy. extrusion cations requiring weld-
It does not require and forgings ing, such as bridges,
heat-treatment after chequered plates,
hot working or weld- durnptrack bodies, pre-
ing. Excellent welding ssure vessels, rail
characteristics and coaches, ctc
good fornlability.
Good corrosion resis-
tance when compared
with other high
strength aluminium-
zinc alloys

18
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
Headquarters
Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002
Telephones: 323 0131,323 3375,323 9402
Fax: 91 11 3234062,91 11 3239399, 91 11 3239382
Telegrams : Manaksanstha
(Common to ail Dffices)
Central Laboratory : Telephone
Plot No. 20/9, Site IV, Sahibabad Industrial Area, Sahibabad 201010 8-77 00 32
Regional O#ices:
Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 3237817
*Eastern : l/14 CIT Scheme VII M, V.I.P. Road, Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054 337 86 82
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MUMBAI 400093
Branch Offices::
Pushpak, Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur, AHMEDABAD 380001 5501348
SPeenya Industrial Area, 1st Stage, Bangalore-Tumkur Road, 839 49 55
BANGALORE 560058
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Savitri Complex, 116 G.T. Road, GHAZIABAD 201001 8-71 1996
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Seth Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Behind Leela Cinema, Naval Kishore Road, 2389 23
LUCKNOW 226001
NIT Building, Second Floor, Gokulpat Market, NAGPUR 440010 52 51 71
Patiiputra Industrial Estate, PATNA 800013 26 23 05
Institution of Engineers (India) Building 1332 Shivaji Nagar, PUNE 411005 32 36 35
T.C. No. 14/l 421, University P. 0. Palayam, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695034 621 17

Sales office is at 5 Chowringhee Approach, P.O. Princep Street, 271085


CALCUTTA 700072
tSales Cffice is at Novelty Chambers, Grant Road, MUMBAI 400007 309 85 28
*Sales Cffice is at F Block, Unity Building, Narashimaraja Square, 222 39 71
BANGALORE 560002

Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India