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tugas 10.

4
design a cyclone to recover solids from a process gas stream. The anticipated particle size distribution
The density of thebparticles 2500 kg/m3, and the gas is essentially nitrogen at 150 0C.
The stream volumetric flow rate is 10000 m3/h, and the operation is at atmospheric preassure. An 85

Particle size (m)


Percentage by weight less than

solution
As 30 % of the particle are below 10 m, the high-efficiency design will be required to give the specifi
flow rate
density

flow rate
area of inlet duct, at 15 m/s
from figure 10.44a
duct area
so, Dc

this is clearly too large compared with the standard design diameter of 0,203 m.
try four cyclones in parallel,
Dc=
flow rate per cyclone
Density of gas at 150 0C

negligible compared with the solids density


Viscosity of N2 at 150 0C

From equation 10.8,


scaling factor

The performance calculations, using this scaling factor and figure 10.45a, are set out in Table 10.12
The collection efficiencies shown in column 4 of the table were read from Figure 10.45 at the scaled pa
The overall collection efficiency satisfies the specified solida recovery
The proposed design with dimensions in the proportions given in Figure 10.44a is shown in Figure 10.4

Table 10.12 Calculated performed of Cyclone Design (example 10.4)

Particle Size (m) % of range

50 0 10
50 40 15
40 30 10
30 20 10
20 10 25
10 5 20
5 2 6
2 0 4

Pressure - Drop Calculation


Area of inlet, A1= (0,5Dc*0,2Dc) 46296.30
cyclone surface area, As= *Dc*(1,5Dc+2,5Dc) 5814814.8148
fc taken as 0.005
(fc*As)/A1 0.63
rt/re (Dc-(0,2Dc/2))/0,5Dc 1.8

From figure 10.47, = 0.9

u1 15 m/s
area of exit pipe= 90856.4814814815 mm2
u2 7.6 m/s

From equation 10.6


P= 5.1 millibar
e anticipated particle size distribution in the gas is as follows
y nitrogen at 150 0C.
n is at atmospheric preassure. An 85 % recovery of the solids is required

50 40 30 20 10
90 75 65 55 30

gn will be required to give the specified recovery:


10000 m3/h
2500 kg/m3

2.78 m3/s
0.19 m2

(0,5*Dc)*(0,2*Dc)
1.361 jauh dari standar Dc1

eter of 0,203 m. 0.203 m

0.68 680.41
2500 m3/h
0.81 kg/m2

0.023 cp(mNs/m)

1.85

10.45a, are set out in Table 10.12


ad from Figure 10.45 at the scaled particle size, column 3

Figure 10.44a is shown in Figure 10.48

mean particle efficiency at scaled collected Grading at


% at exit
size :scaling factor Size % (fig 10.46a) ((2)*(4))/100 Exit (2)-(5)
27.0 98 9.8 0.20 1.8
24.3 97 14.6 0.45 4.0
18.9 96 9.6 0.40 3.5
13.5 95 9.5 0.50 4.4
8.1 93 23.3 1.75 15.4
4.0 86 17.2 2.80 24.6
1.9 72 4.3 1.68 14.8
0.5 10 0.4 3.60 31.6
98 overall 89 11 100
collection standart 85% jd bisa
efficiency

mm2
mm2

53.3865578318 mm H2O
5 2
10 4