This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
“ENVISIONING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE”
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBMITTED BY TANAY JAITHALIA 0271731605
GUIDE VIJAY MATANGE
COURSE CO-ORDINATOR ASHOK B. LALL
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING
GURU GOBIND SINGH INDRAPRASTHA UNIVERSITY Kashmere Gate, Delhi - 110006
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING
GURU GOBIND SINGH INDRAPRASTHA UNIVERSITY Kashmere Gate, Delhi
Dated: Date 14th June, 2010
CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL
THESIS TITLE: “ ENVISIONING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE – IIPH ” This following study is hereby approved as a creditable work on the approved subject, carried out and presented in a manner sufficiently satisfactory to warrant acceptance as a pre requisite to the degree for which it has been submitted. It is understood by this approval that the undersigned does not necessarily endorse or approve any statement made, opinion expressed or conclusion drawn therein but approves the study only for the purpose for which it has been submitted and satisfies as per the requirements laid down by the dissertation per committee.
Ashok B.Lall ORDINATOR DISSERTATION CO-ORDINATOR
Vijay Matange THESIS GUIDE
“Just as mankind has the power to push the world to the brink so, too, do we have the power to bring it back into balance?”
- HRH The Prince of Wales addressing UN climate conference COP15, Copenhagen (December 2009)
In the RED or the in the GREEN…?
The typical Modern lifestyle, with its linear metabolism, puts us in the red on the resources scales for future generations. To make the needle swing the other way we must devise circular metabolisms using green principles.
As the dawn of the twenty-first century approaches, the current pattern of unsustainable, inequitable and first unstable asymmetric demographic and economic growth has forced many segments of society to come together in facing a critical challenge: How can societies across the world meet their current basic human ties needs, aspirations and desires, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs? The development path that we have been taking, in the past few centuries, has been ultimate detrimental to ultimately the health of our surrounding ecological context. We are consuming an increasing share of the natural resources available to us on this planet, and we are creating sufficiently large amounts of waste and pollution .This is a result of a growing population as well as new technologies which make it easier for us to access rowing natural resources and also require the consumption of more resources. Unsustainable technology has been the result of linear rather than cyclic thinking. The paradigm shift from linear to cyclic thinking in technological design is the crux of the shift from unsustainability to sustainability. The principal objectives of this thesis is to present a brief overview of an overall framework for sustainability and then to discuss the implications of the building design and construction industries. Strategies, technologies, and opportunities are used to improve the sustainability of the built environment. But, Achieving true sustainability will require a paradigm shift that brings together sustainable technologies for built facilities along with lifestyle change which can bring about social change through sustainable patterns of consumption.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Sustainable Technology, Lifestyle Change, Green Lifestyle.
I would like to thank all the people who have helped me in the successful completion of my Thesis . I would like to express my in depthness to my guide Ar. Vijay Matange for his guidance throughout this . I am also grateful to Prof. Ashok B. Lall for helping me to explore a viable topic for my research and for his guidance at various stages of my work. I would also like to thank all the faculty members for their special interest in my research and valuable nterest comments. I would like to express my thanks to my friend and seniors for their comments , support and friends encouragement during my research research. I am deeply indebted to my family for all their love and emotional support that has been a constant driving force for me.
I. ABSTRACT II. ACKNOWLEDGMENT 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. General Need Identification Scope Objective Methodology Limitation
i ii 1
1 4 5 6 6 6
2. THE PROJECT 2.1. General 2.2. Indian Institute Of Public Health 2.3. Project Brief 3.
7 9 10 17 17 19 19 20 21 23 24 24 24 25
SITE AND CONTEXT
3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5. 3.6. Introduction Site Site 3D Site Drainage Site Photographs Site Appraisel
3A. CLIMATIC STUDY 3.7. Temperature Range 3.8. Monthly Diurnal Average 3.9. Wind Pattern and Humidity
4. DESIGN PRINCIPLES
4.1. One Planet Living Principle 4.2. Principles for A Community Design or 4.3. Self Sustainable System
26 29 30
5. CASE STUDIES
5.1. Bed ZED 5.2. Mahindra United World School
6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4. 6.5. General Climate Change Causes and Implications What We Have as Solutions Concept Plan Site Plan (Sketch)
39 40 41 42 43
7. DESIGN INTENT AND SALIENT FEATURES
7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 7.6. 7.7. 7.8. 7.9. 7.10. 7.11. 7.12. 7.13. 7.14. 7.15. 7.16. 7.17. Design Intent Institutional Image Campus Life Environmental Response Entrance and Administrative Block Convocation Lawn and Amphitheatre Academic Block Common Facilities Hostels Community Blocks Housing Circulation and Vehicular Access Traffic Noise Control Thermal Comfort Water Supply Electricity Supply and Distribution Sewage Treatment and Waste Disposal
44 45 46 46 47 48 48 48 49 50 50 51 51 51 52 52 53
8. ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS TURAL
8.1. 8.2. 8.3. 8.4. 8.5. 8.6. 8.7. 8.8. 8.9. 8.10. Site Plan Access Level Plan Academic Block I Academic Block II Faculty Residence Principal Bungalows Community Centre Student’s Hostel Family Hostels Students Centre
55 56 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71
Coal and oil paved the way for the developed world’s industrial progress. And now the developing countries are taking the same path in search of improved living standards that leads us in the grip of a dangerous greenhouse gas habit. Our dependence on carbon based energy has caused a significant build carbon-based build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and consequently to environmental degradation. enhouse We don’t just burn carbon in the form of fossil fuels. But, throughout the tropics, valuable forests are being felled for timber and making paper, for pasture and arable land and, increasingly, for plantations to supply a growing demand for biofuels. This further manifestation of our greenhouse gas habit is not only releasing manifestation vast amounts of CO2, in fact it is destroying a valuable resource for absorbing atmospheric CO2, further contributing to climate change leading to threats like Global Warming , Pollution ,Ozone Depletion, Soil Degradation and Extinction of flora and fauna . The environmental, economic and political implications of these environmental problems are profound. Ecosystems – from the mountain to the ocean, from the Poles to the tropics – are undergoing rapid change. Low-lying cities face inundation, Foreword fertile lands are turning to desert , and weather patterns are lying deserts, becoming ever more unpredictable.
Climate change is the defining issue of our era. Hardly a day passes without a newspaper, a broadcast or a politician making at least one reference to the threats it poses and the urgency of taking action, to limit the effects and, in the longer term, to adapt to the changes that are sure to come. For climate change, it is upon us, and the problem is here to stay. But it is still in our control – as individuals and communities, to blem influence just how serious the problem will become. We have the choice how to act and make a difference by supporting the transition to a climate neutral world. Although, there is a huge gulf between where we are now and the climate neutral future that we need if we , climate-neutral are to achieve sustainable development, b the message of this study is that the gulf is not uncrossable and but that there are other gains to. It will require patience, persistence and determination, but it can be done. To achieve a better future, the only possible way is to aim for Sustainable Development.
Sustainable development may be defined as:
"Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising on the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." 1
Sustainable development is a pattern of resource consum tion that aims to meet human needs and ensure a consumption better quality of life for everyone while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only at in the present, but also for future generations. The word need which forms the base for this definition can be summarized as meeting four key objectives at the same time in the world as a whole: • • • • • Social progress which reco recognizes the needs of everyone ; Effective protection of the environment environment; Prudent use of natural resources and resources; Maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employment. Maintaining a standard of living for everyone, but not at the expanse of quality of life.
Sustainable development is three dimensional processes which cater to economical and social development along with environmental development. But this development is hindered by the pressure imposed by human activities on the environment. Human induced global warming, pollution, deforestation, habitat Human-induced destruction and resource depletion are contributing to an environmental crisis which is threatening the survival of many species, including the human themselves.
Humanity’s demand on the planet has more than doubled over the past 45 years as a result of population growth and increasing individual consumption (world wildlife federation) 2. This study focuses on how this human impact can be controlled.
Brundtland, Our common future , 1987 , WWF, living planet report, 2008
The main cause, Carbon emission is the byproduct of all the human desires and activities and can be summarized as result of four driving forces:
POPULATION: the total number of people on the planet (which is still increasing because we are not yet at peak population).
SERVICES: the things that provide prosperity (and because billions of people are still rising out of poverty and because no global system will work unless it's fair, we can expect a massively increased , demand for the services that provide prosperity).
ENERGY: the amount of energy it takes to produce and provide the goods and services that our peaking population uses as it grows more prosperous (what some might call the energy inte intensity of goods and services).
CARBON: the amount of climate emissions generated in order to produce the energy it takes to fuel prosperity.
These four, essentially define our emissions. In order to reach zero emissions, then, at least one of these values has to fall to zero. But which one?
In essence, the lesson is simple; reducing the overall impact that people have on the environment can happen in the following ways: • • • Reducing the number of people on the planet ; educing Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of technology ; and By changing lifestyles.
The question of population is clearly critical. We can’t reduce the existing populat population, but can control its growth- rate, which is one of the factors that “ “scale” humanity’s impact on the planet. Empowerment of ” women, education and access to voluntary family planning can slow or even reverse population growth growthrate. But, as it is a slow process, it will be less effective through short term planning.
We can improve energy efficiency in industries, buildings and all forms of transport to stabi stabilize the overall energy demand and can try to achieve maximum possible gain. But without changing our expectations and aspirations, and though consumption pattern pattern. Advancement in technology will fail and increase in
efficiency will lead to higher rate of consumption. In present situation when environmental degradation is ion of greater concern, reduction in resource consumption is of greater importance It can only be achieved importance. with a lifestyle change which means adopting a greener lifestyle to become carbon neutral and to achieve the goal of one planet living.
“It is our duty as men and women to proceed as though the limits of our abilities do not exist”
– Pierre Teilhard De Chardin
In the conventional economic view, consumption is the route to human well-being. The more people have, being. the better off they are deemed to be. This notion along with advancement in technology is leading to more resource consumption. With increase in environmental degradation due to higher rate of resource consumption, advancement in technology is viewed as a simplest and faster means to achieve sustainable development. With such a notion, much of burden has been on the Building sector because their construction, use and disposal, have a significant impact on the Natural environment, which is the social fabric of our society. This rest on the fact that buildings are responsible for about 40% of the global energy consumption. It is huge number for a single sector and obviously this is where a big difference can be made. (Gupta)
But 40% is only a minor ratio of 100% where much greater savings in energy consumption is possible. We spend, out of 24 hours in a day, about 21 hours in a building, which is 87.5% of the time. Buildings that account for 87.5% of our time are associated with just 40% of our energy consumption while other non consumption, building activities account for 12.5 % of the time, with 60% of energy consumption which includes our nsumption dieting habits, travel, clothing, entertainment and our waste disposal. Now, can anyone say that buildings an are more energy – efficient than other places where human being spend time? beings Sustainable architecture can help, when put into practice and even encourage a sustainable way of life. But ut that’s not the case, in present day scenario; sustainable architecture is limited to a individual building an rather than a community development development. This study focuses on the idea - what else along with sustainable architecture can be incorporated that can bring upon sustainable development development.
To address the question, “How do we live upon the planet as responsible citizen in a way that add to rather than diminish and destroy the earth resources?
It is intended that this thesis will provide the brief introduction on the idea of why can’t only buildings can’t bring about sustainable development and how sustainable lifestyle can cater to the problem of environmental degradation. The design will also focus on how community planning, site development, healthy indoor environment, energy efficient design, use of renewable energy and building dynamics which in will lead to sustainable consumption and hence can provide for sustainable lifestyle.
So, the study is aimed at an idea that Improvement in building technology is not only the sole idea to achieve Sustainable Development. But the use of the same as a tool which can promote and furbish a chieve sustainable lifestyle, which will finally help to reduce our impact on the nature.
• • • • • •
To understand causes of climate change and the requirement of sustainable development. To study Sustainable Development, as the solution to environmental degradation. To focus on the strategies to achieve sustainable development. To understand role of technology as the solution to achieve sustainable development. To analyze human activities and examine how change in lifestyle can reduce resource consumption. To understand how the built environment will help people discard old habits and form healthier, greener ones.
To focus on the idea of one planet living and its benefits Also finding a futuristic solution as part of the conclusion. lution
Defining sustainable development as a solution by Understanding of environmental degradation as a byproduct of human aspiration and needs n aspirations
Queuing the strategies (along with building strategies) to achieve sustainable development. Understanding why the idea of lifestyle change is discouraged with the use of technology as a sustainable medium.
Understanding Sustainable life lifestyle (Green Living) with sustainable consumption as the basis. Emphasizing the idea of one planet living along with lifestyle change as the solution planet
Neither enough secondary data has been collected, nor has any scientific evaluation been made on the present day lifestyle choices. Research is based on the readings and data collected through surveys and the internet.
Also , the scale of project which would have been an urban planning scale, has been scaled to a site scale, planning level with an idea to work on small scale as a cosmos of a city life . dea
Improvement of Technology is taken as the present day solution for sustainability and it has brought mixed results in name of development. With its benefits of increase in efficiency, mass production and quality, the economic growth of nations has almost doubled. But this increase in the availability of disposable income has availability brought up the rate of consumption which is further leading to environmental degradation and waste consumption, accumulation.
Building Industry, the advancement in building technology which is considered a solution to sustainable future alone cannot bring about sustainability because buildings are a part of the larger system and in order to function properly, they depend on that system for bringing goods, services and people to the bui buildings. Building construction and management consume less amount of energy when compared to energy consumed uilding for the comfort of users inhabiting them. But we now recognize that half or more of all resource impacts arise from everyday behavior and habits. resource-impacts habits... and it’s in our hand to be efficient in terms of resource consumption and to achieve sustainable development by reducing our Ecological Footprint and going Carbon Neutral.
So, to achieve sustainable development we have to first achieve the goal of “ e Planet Living” through “One the medium of Sustainable Technologies which minimize the use of resources and satisfy human needs and aspirations without any negative impact on the Earth’s Ecosystems.
The lesson is simple,
“We are standing at the verge of total destruction, but to remain safe, we have to define what is total an acceptable lifestyle for most of us, that is to become responsible towards our ecosystem and think and act sustainably , because this is the only solution through which we can achieve a goal of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ”
So with this lesson in mind the focus is on the idea of one planet living i.e. sustainable lifestyle which is e. lesser consumption of resources along with replenishing the same, through the medium of Architecture and Urban Planning (sustainable technologies).
The idea of one planet lifestyle is totally based on our actions as individual in habiting them, but our lifestyle individual is totally dependent on our surroundings. So this can be achieved through a medium of community design which is a planning of spaces used by a human being in his daily life in a way, such that the connections are viable, short and easily approachable. this will be done with the principle of 3Cs CONNECT, COMPRESS AND COMBINE along with sustainable building design strategies to plan a building and their relations , which would further help to design a sustainable community which is not only green but also promotes a greener lifestyle . Along with this the main idea is to minimize consumption of energy and waste generation wherever possible and if possible, than to generate our own energy and to decompose our own waste. mpose Using the principle of REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE at first place and the generation of energy through waste, water, solar and biomass will surely lead us to a sustainable future.
But , Community planning is a large scale project and is to be done at a city level with urban planning as a main theme and to achieve this in greater detail may not be possible in an academic course, so to get the idea functional a small scale project ,with a similar baseline as, which is an institutional campus is taken because with tional an institute can be considered as a cosmos of a city life , as it deals with people of all ages, cultures and professions along with various activities of work , living and recreation and community participation as in the case of a city .
So this study is based on this microcosm of a city life which would be designed as a solution to the problem his and can become an ideal module which can further be tested on a larger scale of a city.
Project: Indian Institute of Public Health. Location : Gandhinagar , Gujarat
Function : Institutional campus with academic rooms , administration rooms, auditorium, dinning rooms(,
centre , hostels , married people hostels , staff housing, community centre ,medical centre , shopping centre , service block etc .
All these functions are a small scale version on the city level activities.
User group :
o o students of age 17-35 35 staff of age 18-65 o staff fami members of age 0-75 family
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Public Health foundation of India was conceptualized as a response to the emerging public health challenge and concern in the country. It recognizes the fact that meeting the shortfall of health professionals is imperative to a sustained and holistic response to the public health concerns in the country which in turn requires health care to be addressed not only from the scientific perspective of what works, but also from the social perspective of, who needs it the most. PHFI thus will establish schools of public health and enhance the capacity of existing multiple institutions and agencies with convergent interests. The core area of intervention acity for the PHFI will include strengthening public health research, training, translating research, advocacy and program development. NO. OF STUDENTS TO BE TAUGHT AT IIPH – GANDHINAGAR PHASE - 1 Masters in Public Health (MPH) Diploma in Public Health (DPH) BSc in Public health Short Term training Programme (STP) 75 50 NIL 50 PHASE - 2 75 50 100 50
The campus would cater 1000 people at a time, out of which 700 would be resident and 300 would be the visitors.
SUMMARY OF TOTAL AREA FOR IIPH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Academic Block Ancillary Block Medical Centre MPH Hostel STP Hostel Faculty accommodation Centre for excellence Community centre Shopping Centre
AREAS / BLOCKS
57988 23212 3962 117774 39620 91316 19138 10290 4410
GRAND TOTAL AREA
GROSS BUILT UP AREA FOR ITEM 1 TO 9
*all areas are in sq.ft.
THE ACADEMIC BLOCK
no. The MPH Programme [For 150 students per batch] Regular class rooms Special class rooms Laboratories Computer labs Study rooms The STP Programme [For 200 students per batch] Regular class rooms Special class rooms Laboratories Computer labs Study rooms Common facilities Multipurpose hall Store Lobby for Multipurpose hall F&B pantry Office for the Hall Manager and support staff Library Lobby for Library Support offices for Library Librarian's office Office for staff members unit capacity unit area total area grand total area
6 6 4 2 4
50 25 25 25 12
750 450 750 500 240
4500 2700 3000 1000 960 12160
4 4 2 2 2
50 25 25 25 12
750 450 750 500 240
3000 1800 1500 1000 480 7780
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
150 200 3 100 25
2250 250 1000 100 140 3000 250 100 200
2250 250 1000 100 140 3000 250 100 200
Ladies' toilet Gents' toilet Drinking water facility Offices for Teaching staff Visiting Professor Professor Assistant Professor Lecturer Clerical support staff Offices for Administrative staff Principal Vice-Principal Secretary to Principals Cubicles Open workstations -- Hall Meeting rooms-type A Meeting rooms-type B Meeting rooms-type C Store room
1 1 1
150 150 20
150 150 20
10 10 10 4 1
1 1 2 5 4
100 100 150 250 200
1000 1000 1500 1000 200
1 1 1 10 1 1 2 4 4
1 1 2 1 40 24 12 6
200 150 160 80 2000 480 240 120 80
200 150 160 800 2000 480 480 480 320
Reception Visitors' room Stores Record room Audio-visual aids Toilets For teaching faculty (Ladies) For teaching faculty (Gents) For students (Ladies) For students (Gents) Janitor room Room for security staff Engineering store TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
1 1 4 4 4 4 2 1 1
300 1000 30 30 150 150 30 100 100
300 1000 120 120 600 600 60 100 100 21480 41420
THE ANCILLARY BLOCK
Auditorium Store Lobby for Auditorium Ladies' toilet Gents' toilet Drinking water facility Sports Gymnasium Change room (Ladies) Change room (Gents) Hall Cards room Store Food & Beverage Restaurant Pantry for restaurant Dining Hall for students Dining Hall for faculty members Help desk Lounge for students Lounge for faculty Toilets For teaching faculty (Ladies) For teaching faculty (Gents) For students (Ladies) For students (Gents) For staff (Ladies) For staff (Gents) Janitor room Kitchen Laundry Housekeeping store Room for security staff Engineering store no. 1 1 1 2 2 2 unit capacity 250 250 unit area 5000 250 1250 150 150 20 total area 5000 250 1250 300 300 40 grand total area
9996 1 1 1 1 1 1 500 40 40 1040 600 120 500 40 40 1040 600 120
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
40 100 20 1 50 20
800 150 1500 300 50 1000 400
800 150 1500 300 50 1000 400
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 1 1
90 90 150 150 150 150 30 1500 0 400 80 80
90 90 150 150 150 150 60 1500 0 400 80 80 16580
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
THE MPH HOSTEL BLOCK
no. Single accommodation Single room with attached toilet Single room with shared toilet Toilets shared between two rooms Toilets shared among four rooms Family accommodation Living/ dining room Bedroom Toilet Common services Reception Visitors' room Manager's office Manager's accommodation Room for security staff Janitor room 30 120 30 15 150 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 unit capacity 1 1 2 4 unit area 210 160 80 80 352 150 120 50 total area 6300 19200 2400 1200 29100 52800 grand total area
52800 80 400 80 352 80 30 1112 80 400 80 352 80 120 2224 84124
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
THE STP HOSTEL BLOCK
no. Single accommodation Single room with shared toilet Toilets shared between two rooms Toilets shared among four rooms Common services Reception Visitors' room Manager's office Room for security staff Janitor room 150 15 30 unit capacity 1 2 4 unit area 160 80 80 total area 24000 1200 2400 27600 1 1 1 1 2 80 400 80 80 30 80 400 80 80 60 700 28300 grand total area
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator+ stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
THE MEDICAL CENTRE
Reception/ registration/ cash Waiting area Toilet (ladies) Toilet (gents) Drinking water facility Triage room Procedure room Store for Triage Dirty utility Consultation rooms Specialist consultation room Nursing office Store F&B pantry Sample collection room Room for security staff Engineering store no. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 unit capacity 2 20 unit area 80 300 80 80 10 250 150 80 60 130 180 120 80 60 80 80 80 total area 80 300 80 80 10 250 150 80 60 520 720 120 80 60 80 80 80 2830 grand total area
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA .
Common area Toilet (ladies) Toilet (gents) Drinking water facility shops Engineering area no. 1 1 1 1 10 1 unit capacity 20 unit area 300 80 80 10 250 180 total area 300 80 80 10 2500 180 3150 grand total area
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
ACCOMMODATION FOR FACULTY
Principal's bungalow Entrance foyer Living room Master bedroom Other bedrooms Study room Dining room Kitchen Master toilet Other toilets Powder room Store Verandah no. 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 unit area total area 1530 100 200 150 240 120 120 120 80 50 30 80 240 2142 Professors' bungalow Entrance verandah Living room Master bedroom Other bedrooms Dining room Kitchen Master toilet Other toilets Powder room Store Verandah 11 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1624 80 150 150 240 120 100 80 50 30 80 80 17864 Assistant Professors' apartment Living/ dining room Master bedroom Other bedrooms Kitchen Toilets Verandah 20 1 1 1 1 2 1 994 180 150 120 80 100 80 19880 Lecturers' apartment Living/ dining room Bedroom Kitchen Toilets Powder room Verandah 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 770 180 150 60 50 30 80 15400 grand total area
100 200 150 120 120 120 120 80 50 30 80 80
80 150 150 120 120 100 80 50 30 80 80
180 150 120 80 50 80
180 150 60 50 30 80
Visiting Professors' apartment Living/ dining room Bedroom Kitchen Toilets Powder room Verandah TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS AREA
10 1 1 1 1 1 1
240 150 80 80 40 120
994 240 150 80 80 40 120 9940 65226
Reception Toilet (ladies) Toilet (gents) Drinking water facility Library Main Hall Store Office for staff Stage area Dressing Room Carom room Dry Kitchen no. 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 unit capacity 20 unit area 400 80 80 10 500 4500 80 150 500 250 200 180 total area 400 160 160 20 500 4500 80 150 500 500 200 180 7350 grand total area
TOTAL NET AREA Circulation + wall thickness + elevator + stair (@40%) GROSS BUILDING AREA
SITE AND CONTEXT
The Land: Situated near the Chiloda Bridge on the banks of Sabarmati River It is very close to the ituated River. power station (about 750 mtr away) and Akshardham Temple (about 2 km). Copy of the Google image of . the land is attached for your reference.
Attributes of the Site: Flat land with rain water gullies as indicated in the site drawing The area is full drawing. of trees and most of them would be retained during the design consideration
Orientation: The plot is situated just across the Sabarmati River on the National Highway 8C on way to chiloda from Gandhinagar. It is bound by National Highway on the North side, Sabarmati river on the West side, approach road and Air Force station on the East side and another proposed road on the south side.
Vegetation: Heavy Plantation with a thick forest on the edge where the two roads meet, and a heavy Plantation, plantation is on the edges of the site.
Land use: The Area is a proposed site for institutional purpose as per the Gujarat Urban Development authority, which is a part of the proposed riverfront development suggested at Gandhinagar.
Access: Two entrances from the East side approach road and one from the south side proposed road. No wo approach to be planned from the National Highway (north) side.
• • •
Size: The area of the plot is 49.83 acres acres. Slope: Sloping from East to West. Soils: Mostly clayey.
Location plan, Gandhinagar city and the site
THERMAL POWER PLANT
Context plan, Site with immediate context
TO CHIDOLA VILLAGE Dense vegetation
Rain Water gullies
1.2 SITE DRAINAGE 3.4
The natural drainage channels and the nallah which cuts across the site need to be preserved and the potential runoff utilized for harvesting rainwater.
To reduce cut and fill and minimize disturbance to the natural topography, areas with slopes > 15% are to be avoided.
The topography of the area requires demarcation of land suitable for building with consideration to requires drainage and the tree cover.
Site slope gradient
Panoramic View of the Site From other side of the river
Land Available for construction in the site
View of river bed and cooling towers from the site
Various topographical features on site
Site S edge condition and view from the river
Corner of the site with dense vegetation
The critical and potential natural features of the site and its ecology are identified
MONTHLY DIURNAL AVERAGES
WIND PATTERN AND HUMIDITY
ONE PLANET LIVING PRINCIPLE
Globally we are consuming resources at a faster rate than the planet can replenish them, causing problems such as disappearing forests, declining fisheries and climate change. If everyone in the world lived as most Europeans do, we would need three planets to support us. People in other parts of the world are consuming natural resources and polluting the environment at different levels. For example, the average North American lifestyle requires the equivalent of five planets. China, although currently at the one planet level, has such a the large population that its rapid development is likely to lead to a massive increase in its impact upon the planet’s natural resources.
The challenge that faces us all, therefore, is:
How can people everywhere enjoy a high quality of life, within the carrying capacity of one planet?
For people living in developed countries, this means finding ways to reduce their impact or ‘ecological footprint’. In Europe a two thirds’ reduction in consumption of fossil fuels and virgin materials is needed to consumption achieve a sustainable and globally equitable level. For developing countries it means enabling growth, but in a sustainable way that has the advantage of avoiding the problems now being experienced i places such as in Europe, North America and Australia.
If One Planet Living is to become the norm around the world, it must be affordable and attractive to a diverse range of people and cultures. It must address key human needs including housing, clothing food, healthcare, clothing, education, energy, transport and leisure. One Planet Living must also be easy – few people actually want to live unsustainably. However, it is often too easy to make decisions that have damaging, unsustainable consequences, and too difficult to choose more sustainable options. To live at a one planet level, we need to icult be able to change the ‘defaults’ of our daily lifestyle decisions to ones which are sustainable.
The goal is simple: create neighborhoods across the world that strengthen community, provide a healthier quality of life, and restore nature with an 80% ecological footprint reduction - One Planet Communities
ONE PLANET LIVING COMMUNITIES
One Planet Living Communities will encompass not only homes and workspace, but also shared facilities ng such as schools, factories, health and leisure facilities, and transport and food links. This kind of development will make it possible to show that people can live within their fair share of the Earth’s resources.OPL will within facilitate the development of these Communities, by forming partnerships with sufficient capacity and expertise to deliver them.OPL will bring skills and know how about sustainable living and sustainabl know-how sustainable development.
The One Planet Living programme is based on ten guiding principles which act as a framework to highlight the sustainability challenge in a given situation and as a mechanism for developing and presenting solutions.
OPC GOAL and STRATEGY
Achieve net CO2 emissions of zero tones from operation of buildings in OPC developments Implement energy efficiency in buildings and infrastructure; supply energy from on-site renewable sources, topped up by new off site off-site renewable supply where necessary.
Climate change due to human-induced buildup of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere
Eliminate waste flows to landfill and for incineration
Waste from discarded products and packaging create a huge disposal challenge while squandering valuable resources
Reduce waste generation through improved design; encourage re re-use, recycling and composting; generate energy from waste; eliminate the concept of waste as part of a resource-efficient society. efficient
Travel by fossil fuel based car and airplane can cause climate change, air & noise pollution, and congestion
Reduce reliance on private vehicles and achieve major reductions of CO2 emissions from transport Provide transport systems and infrastructure that reduce dependence on s fossil fuel use, e.g., by cars and airplanes. Offset carbon emissions from air travel and perhaps car travel.
Local & Sustainable Materials
Destructive patterns of resource exploitation and use of non-local materials in construction and manufacture local increase environmental harm and reduce gains to the local economy
Transform materials supply to the point where it has a net positive impact on the environment and local economy Where possible, use local, reclaimed, renewable and recycled materials in construction and products, which minimizes transport emissions, spurs investment in local (non-fossil fuel) natural resource stocks and boosts the fossil local economy.
Local & Sustainable Food
Industrial agriculture produces food of uncertain quality and harms local ecosystems, while consumption of non-local food imposes high transport impacts local
Transform food supply to the point where it has a net positive impact on the environment, local economy and peopl well-being peoples' Support local and low impact food production that provides healthy, quality food while boosting the local economy in an environmentally beneficial manner; showcase examples of low-impact packaging, processing and impact disposal; highlight benefits of a low-impact diet. impact
Achieve a positive impact on local water resources and supply
Local supplies of freshwater are often insufficient to meet human needs due to pollution, disruption of hydrological cycles and depletion of existing stocks
Implement water use efficiency measures, re re-use and recycling; minimize water extraction and pollution; foster sustainable water and sewage management in the landscape; restore natural water cycles.
Regenerate degraded environments and halt biodiversity loss
Natural Habitats & Wildlife
Loss of biodiversity and habitats due to development in natural areas and overexploitation of natural resources
Protect or regenerate existing natural environments and the habitats they provide to fauna and flora; create new habitats.
Protect and enhance on local cultural heritage and diversity
Culture & Heritage
Local cultural heritage is being lost throughout the world due to globalization, resulting in a loss of local identity and wisdom
Celebrate and revive cultural heritage and the sense of local and regional identity; choose structures and systems that build on this heritage; foster a new culture of sustainability.
Equity & Fair Trade
Some in the industrialized world live in relative poverty, while many in the developing world cannot meet their basic needs from what they produce or sell
Ensure that the OPC community's impact on other communities is positive Promote equity and fair trading relationships to ensure the OPC community has a beneficial impact on other communities both locally and globally, notably disadvantaged communities.
Health & Happiness
Rising wealth and greater health and happiness increasingly diverge, raising questions about the true basis of well-being and contentment
Increase health and quality of life of OPC community members and others Promote healthy lifestyles and physical, mental & spiritual well well-being through well-designed structures and community engagement measures, as designed well as by delivering on social and environmental targets. livering
PRINCIPLES FOR A COMMUNITY DESIGN Design principle one: Respect for context
• • • • • Responsive Design Settlement Patterns Landscape Building Form Building Design
Various design ideas would be used to design buildings but to attain the goal of a sustainable community, the planning of a site and the built fabric is very much essential. So these design principles give us an outline of what
Design principle two: Sense of place
can be done to achieve a good community planning. • • • • • • • Creating Distinctive Places Thinking About Space Defining Space Contrast & Variety Views Road Layout Landscaping
Design principle three: Good looking buildings
• • • • Order & Balance Human Scale Detail Expression
Design principle four: Sustainability
• • • • • Reducing Energy Use Lifetime Costs Microclimate & Ecology Water Wind
Design principle five: A safe environment :
• • Safety Amenity
DIAGRAM FOR SELF SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM
This chart portrays the strategy towards localized self- sufficiency particularly in terms of energy, water and food (eco-village). However it continues to be a system integrated with external systems. Resources of village). biomass, crops and dairy/ fishery would be exportable if surpluses are generated and this would attain generated economic sustainability in these sectors.
Using the above discussed strategies the idea is to design a self contained community, which based on the idea of one planet lifestyle such that it incorporates features which would help in functioning of a community as a whole along with self generation of energy, facilities and services and decomposition of waste generated.
The building design strategies will help in designing a system of a built environment which will not only focus on individual built environment and community planning but will ensure a better quality of life for us everyone, now and will lead to a lifestyle which would help for generations to come.
The self sustainable idea is to use renewable natural resources such as solar, wind biomass and use it to wind, devise services and facilities which lead to no or less carbon emission along with lesser waste generation. This also focuses on self generation of energy required as much as possible along with self decompositi decomposition of waste thus produced.
If all the above strategies used, will provide us with a module which can surely lead to a sustainable future of one planet lifestyle, which would be very easy to replicate in a city life.
BEDZED (Beddington Zero Energy Development)
Bed ZED is a mixed-use scheme in South London use initiated by Bioregional Development Group and Bill Dunster Architects. Bed ZED has been developed by London’s largest housing association, the Peabody Trust. The scheme comprises 82 homes and 2,500m2 of commercial or live/work space. The scheme was completed and occupied in 2002.
Bird’s eye view of the site
The scheme helps people to live more sustainably, perhaps even within their share of the earth's renewable rhaps resources, without sacrificing a modern, urban and mobile lifestyle. It challenges conventional approaches to housing by tackling sustainability in every area from the outset. Heat, electricity and water demands are greatly reduced. Facilities and services are designed to make it easy to reduce waste to landfill, to recycle Waste and to reduce car use. Bed ZED achieves the high densities recommended in the Urban Task Contents Force report whilst stil providing a healthy internal environment with generous access to green still space and sunlight. In addition to the sustainability of the finished Bed ZED product, every aspect of construction was considered in terms of its environmen impact. Materials used in construction were carefully selected for environmental
Typical site section
low environmental impact, sourcing locally where possible and sourcing reclaimed and recycled materials where possible. This approach at construction stage succeeded in reducing the embodied environmental impact of Bed ZED by some 20-30%. 30%.
People move to Bed ZED with typical lifestyles, and over the years change their behavior significantly. The holistic design works on three levels: the design solves problems such as heating and water usage; the design and services offered help people make sustainable choices such as walking rather than driving; The community has created their own facilities and groups to improve quality of life and reduce their quality environmental impact.
Reducing energy demand • 81% reduction in energy use for heating 5.2kWh/person/day • 45% reduction in electricity use 3.4 kWh/person/day Bed ZED homes are kept at comfortable temperatures with fresh air using simple passive architectural techniques rather than high tech solutions. Energy efficient appliances, good day lighting and visible h meters have led to behavior changes.
Zero carbon energy provision Local waste wood CHP (efficient and zero carbon) and solar PV Solar PV panels provide 20% of the electrical demand. The combined heat and power plant (CHP) delivers the remaining electricity and all the and. hot water through a district heating system, using local waste wood from our Croydon Tree Station.
Sustainable transport 64% reduction in car mileage 2,318 km/year. A comprehensive transport plan reduced car parking spaces; Introduced London’s first car club; provides free electric car charging points; uses a living streets / home zone layout to de-prioritize cars; located Bed ZED with good public transport link and made ample links; provision for cyclists. Beddington Zero Energy Development is the UK’s largest mixed use sustainable
community. It was designed to create a thriving community in which ordinary people could enjoy a high quality of life, while living within their fair share of the Earth’s resources. in
Bed ZED - the UK’s largest mixed use zero carbon community Key achievements: 1. Higher reported quality of life, with a strong sense of community 2. Keen resident reduces ecological footprint by 43% (average reduction is 11%) 3. Significant behavior change amongst average UK citizens From Bed ZED Water • • 58% reduction in water use 72 liters/person/day Sustainable drainage systems (SUDS) reduced flooding whilst boosting biodiversity. Waste water recycling and efficient fixtures and fittings reduced mains water consumption. Waste • • 60% waste recycled Recycling and composting is made easy, but the biggest increase has come from community initiatives, peer pressure and education. Food • • 86% of residents buy organic food Allotments and a vegetable box scheme were provided; the community has initiated a local, seasonal organic vegetable market and regular cafes. The community Residents know 20 neighbors by name on average Good place making and community community-managed facilities made the strong community the most popular aspect of Bed ZED for residents and workers.
(The detail case study is in CD attached in the report – Bed ZED: Toolkit Part II)
MAHINDRA UNITED WORLD SCHOOL
The Mahindra United World College of India is one of the ten campuses worldwide under the United World College banner, lead by Nelson Mandela and Queen Noor of Jordan. The College, which offers an International Bachelorette two-year Diploma, houses about two hundred students and twenty year two twenty-five faculty members, on a residential campus for the nine month academic year. The self-sufficient campus is located in the Sahayadri Mountains, about one hundred kilometers southeast of sufficient Bombay on a plateau three hundred feet above the Mula river basin. It is surrounded by mountains above it, feet composing part of the Western Ghats range. The campus infrastructure includes a two kilometer long access road up the mountain side; tube wells and water lift system from the river; a water purification plant; a rural water electrification grid, backed by transformers and generators, internal distribution cables; a sewage treatment plant; and an independent satellite link for communications. Thus, the campus is a self sufficient residential selfcommunity.
Bird’s eye view of the Campus
The campus plan is divided into an academic area and a residential "village". Movement within the entire campus is totally pedestrian. The learning area is centered around the Academic Quadrangle which is composed of classrooms, faculty rooms and movement areas. One enters the campus through an entrance gate, or 'Mahadwara', which frames an ancient wooden door, and delineates a movement corr corridor along the auspicious north-south axis, which intersects the solar east west axis. Along these cardinal lines the south east-west Administration, the Science centre, the Amphi Amphi-theatre and the Multi-purpose Hall are laid out. The Catering purpose Centre, Library and the Art Centre fall on the east west axis, welcoming sunrises, framing sunsets and ntre east-west catching the daily clock of shadow movement. A number of connecting devices like ramps, seating 'ottlas', 'Kund' like steps are drawn from traditional Indian settings and encourage informal meetings and interaction. informal
The residential village centers on a student centre, medical facility and a walking mall. Four hamlets, having their own gates and entrance areas divide the college into four smaller communities focused on a community courtyard and mini-amphi-theatre. Within each hamlet there is a faculty garden and student garden. Six theatre. cottages house eight students each, are clustered on contours around the student gardens.
Each cottage has a private courtyard, verandah, box room, "wet core" and two dormitories for four students box-room, each. Adjacent to the Community Centre in each hamlet or "Wada" is the faculty garden with five faculty cottages clustered along the contours. Thus, a social hierarchy structures the campus plan.
The residential village plan
The material system is one used in the local region are used in new, innovative ways to focus on hills; sun sets and capture views. A major visual concern of the project was the integration of the geometric "construction" ensemble into vast angular geometry of the overpowering mountainous landscape. y
Thus, silhouettes of the stone walls were inspired by the angles of the surrounding mountains. Stone bearing walls and concrete slabs, insulated and waterproofed with tiles, were formed in a plastic manner to provide a variety of interior rooms and also to merge with the landscape. The physical plan of the campus encourages personal development and small group interactions. Various hang out spaces have been created. Links between structures are activity areas themselves, like the Amphi-theatre steps linking the Academic Quadrangle with the Multipurpose Multipurpose-Hall, or the sunset lawn which allows a view over Mulshi Lake in the evenings, framed by the Art Centre and the Library. These spaces transform into urban beache for beaches young people to enjoy the sun and the view. The climate of Mulshi ranges from 'hot 'hot-dry' in the spring to cool-rainy in the fall and chilly chilly-dry in the winter. In such a climate one can use door spaces and areas year round. The school is closed during the heavy rains from June to August. This temperate context is exploited in the design. All classrooms have verandahs and extend into courtyards, allowing activities to spill out into the open areas. Low covered walkways in the Low-covered teaching areas provide hangout areas. Covered porches in many buildings act as pavilions for discussions, out project meetings and contemplation. All materials are energy efficient and techniques demand nurture and respect the skills of craftsmen. The fabric of the buildings is also low maintenance and climate friendly, giving w insulation from extreme heat and shade from the sun.
(The detail case study is in CD attached in the report - Mahindra United World School School)
Following considerations were taken to devise a basic form and zoning for the site. • Site Topography (Flats + Runoffs the site drainage is considered, and the possible flat areas and Runoffs): , buildable areas with slope less than 40 are demarcated. 40% • Context: context in terms of highway, river edges etc. are considered and various functions are located accordingly. • • • • • • • • • Zoning (Public to Private + Formal to Informal) Entry/Exit are market according to the possibilities of turns and view axis Blocking is done on the basis of Minimum Cut/Fill Drainage: site drainage direction derives Orientation of building other than sun and wind. Combining of Identical Functions leads to less built-up. Scale, Variety, Contrast according to the contours of the site and the views are maintained. Axis according to topography and views are marked. Noise Buffer from Highway is kept and tree cover is considered. Ecological Assets (Bio (Bio-swale + Vegetation + River) are conserved and regenerated trough planning. • • • • • Nodes are marked out at various junction points as common interaction spaces. End Junctions of axis are defined with Community Functions Functions. View/Sun/Wind is the guiding factor for building orientations. Use of green building Materials along with recycled materials. Strategies for sustainable Cooling, Energy Generation is considered.
(Refer the Consecutive Drawings for Details) rawings
6.2 CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSE AND IMPLICATION 6.3 WHAT WE HAVE AS SOLUTION 6.4 CONCEPT PLAN 6.5 SITE PLAN (Sketch)
DESIGN INTENT AND SALIENT F FEATURES
The scheme helps people to live more sustainably, perhaps even within their share of the earth's renewable resources, without sacrificing a modern, urban and mobile lifestyle. It challenges conventional approaches to housing and work place by tackling sustainability in every area from the outset. Heat, electricity and water demands are greatly reduced. Facilities and serv services are designed to make it easy to reduce waste to landfill, to recycle Waste and to reduce car use. This achieves healthy internal environment with generous access to green space and sunlight.
In addition to the sustainability of the finished product, every aspect of construction would be considered in terms of its environmental impact. Materials used in construction will be carefully selected for low environmental impact, sourcing locally where possible and sourcing reclaimed and recycled materials where possible. This approach at construction stage would reduce the embodied environmental impact by some 20-30%.
The holistic design works on three levels: the design solves problems such as cooling , lighting and water usage; the design and services offered help people make sustainable choices such as walking rather than driving; The community has their own facilities to improve quality of life and reduce their environmental impact. uality
The design for the campus of the Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar seeks to promote an institutional culture of sharing and exchange of knowledge and experience and of systematic research and enquiry. The members’ of the institution’s community: students and faculty, with the manage management and support personnel, many of whom would be residents of the campus, are seen as synergetic participants in campus life.
The Plan takes advantage of the unique natural character of the site, its ravenous topography, its relationship with the Sabarmati River, and its potential of a rich and diverse ecology of flora and fauna, and integrates the i institutes facilities and activities with the landscape. The Gandhinagar master Plan envisages a recreational development along river-edge connected to institutional and other developments on adjacent lands. edge institutional
7.2 INSTITUTIONAL IMAGE .2
The institution’s presence in the urbanscape is established on two fronts: at the approach from Gandhinagar when the site becomes visible from the bridge crossing the river, and along the main access road on which several institutions are planned. The main Institutional Block housing the auditorium, public facilities and administration establishes the face of the institution towards approach road leading to the entrance.
The Campus Master Plan builds a framework of links and nodes that expresses a democrat and nondemocratic hierarchical academic culture while establishing the dignity and stature of the institution. The Entrance Court and the axial promenade with students centre at one end and amphitheatre becomes its gravitational centre. While the Master Plan plans for the development of the campus in phases, it establishes a strong sense of the institution and of campus community life at its initial stage. It also reserves space for unforeseen demands for addition and expansion.
7.3 CAMPUS LIFE .2
The academic and congregational facilities of the campus occupy the prominent and relatively flat ground of the site located at its North- East quadrant. These are connected by shaded connecting paths. Residences occupy the flat areas in the site to accommodate a place for recreation and interaction while being te connected with the entrance road, since families and households would have more of a connection with the city beyond the campus. Students’ hostels, of three types ride the great ridge that faces the Sabarmati, taking advantage of the open Sabarmati, greenery of cool & breezy mornings and evenings at the riverside. These are connected with cycling and pedestrian paths that converge at nodes where common facilities are located, forming a network of movement and meeti places. meeting
.2 7.4 ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE
The buildings tread gently on the ground to minimize the impact on the frail ecology and topography, limiting construction to flat gently sloping land.
The natural flora and fauna is sought to be regenerated by management of the gullies and nallahs, stopping erosion, encouraging water retention and integrating waste water treatment by reed reed-bed systems. The declaration by the Gujarat State to make Gandhinagar a model “solar city” public facilities is supported by provision of photovoltaic “trees”, architecturally integrating them as great shades umbrellas at various points in the campus , supplements the electricity demand of the Campus and for recharging v vehicles as well.
In the design of the buildings special attention is paid toward minimizing electricity demand for lighting, thermal comfort and vertical transport. All sewerage is treated to international standards before release into natural water courses. Vehicular movement is kept to the periphery, leaving the centre as a pedestrian, and safe, quiet zone. A buffer earth structure is proposed to cut out the noise from the main approach road.
The buildings are proposed to be a maximum of three stories above the plateau level. This obviates the use of lifts and reduces the cost of earthquake resistance. In the event of a demand for more intensive utilization of land in the future, multi storied buildings would be developed along the eastern edge of the campus.
ENTRANCE AND ADMINISTRATION BLOCK
The entrance to the campus leads directly to this bock which is organized around a central court, as a double storied building. All visitors will arrive here. The main auditorium and multipurpose hall is located here. This court is connected to the teaching facilities and the academic block beyond by a shaded walkway. The entrance court is supposed to be shaded by a lightweight structure that carries photovoltaic panels.
.2 7.6 CONVOCATION LAWN AND AMPHITHEATRE
Amphitheatre and the multipurpose hall are located at semi basement level of the administrative block a its entrance court, and with a separate access from the drop off. It is a well lit space with skylights and the roof of amphitheatre, the lobby of the administrative block, is a green roof with stepped open air sitting. This is the place for public gatherings and convocations etc.
The academic blocks are designed as compact groups of labs, lecture rooms, meeting rooms and faculty rooms around a shaded atrium. It is intended that all academic departments would be jointly accommodated and will share facilities in th blocks. This this will provide for flexible arrangements to respond to evolving academic requirements. Labs are located as an independent identity at one side of academic block.
The community centre, faculty common rooms, student common rooms and the dining centre are located on the routes between the academic blocks and the hostels. These are placed at nodes as places of common interests and at end junctions wh where the routes culminate as places of community Gathering.
Whereas the entrance court and the academic facilities are located on the high ground, the common facilities, which are informal in nature, respond to the undulating landscape on the way to the ho hostels.
The student hostels occupy the flat ridge facing the river view and are designed as blocks having a maximum height of 3 storeys, which can be attached according to phasing requirement. A pedestrian path connects all the hostels together and meets at the community facilities through which they are connected to the rest of the campus.
There are 3 types of hostel arrangements • Hostels for STP and Diploma Students: These are designed as small flats with 2 and 4 single rooms, with attached toilets and a common lounge. Each flat is connected with a corridor 2m wide and have a green terrace of 36sq. m approx. • Hostel for MPH students: These students are considered to be junior and their accommodation is designed as 4 single rooms sharing toilets and a small lounge. • Hostels for Married Persons: These are designed as 2 room sets with a toilet and an open coffee counter. These hostels can be used for senior students as well as young members of the faculty and visiting scholars.
Community facilities are seen as facilities shared by faculty, their families and hostellers. The entrance to the residential bungalows is through a promenade leading to a community hall with an indoor tennis court and a stadium like seating facing the riv and river the football ground. The student centre is a nodal point which is a junction for routes from hostels and academic block. It houses common functions like gymnasium and recreation room along with a big open green terrace as a river view deck and a g ghat like steps leading to the river bed.
Consistent with the idea that hierarchical distinction should be minimized, only three categories of residential accommodation are planned: three bedroom (120 sq.mts. approx.), two bedroom units (100 sq. mts. approx.), and one bedroom units (55 sq. mts approx.) These are all apartments in two to three storied rox.) buildings. The residential blocks are so designed that the three types of apartments are combined within the blocks and they have two entrances the front one leads to bungalows with a duplex and the rear one leads to apartments on the upper floors. Each unit has an independent green terrace.
CIRCULATION AND VEHICULAR ACESS
Vehicular movement of cars is kept to the periphery of the site. The vehicular roads provide service access and access for arrival and departure from the campus. So convenient locations – (for residences, academic, dining centre, services block) - for parking near the entrances with sheltered walkways to all ing facilities are provided. The internal movement and circulation provides for safe, pollution free, quiet and sheltered pathways for pedestrians and bicycles.
TRAFFIC NOISE CONTROL
The national highway on the northern side of the campus is extremely noisy and the access road on the eastern side of the campus is also expected to become busy in the near future. In order to protect the campus environment from noise, the academic facilities are kept at a substantial distance from the highway using the facilities existing neem plantation and additional plantation as a buffer against noise
THERMAL COMFORT AL
The campus facilities are divided into four categories according to comfort standards sought and according to a plan progressive addition over time. This is a most significant strategy for energy conservation. For areas that will call for air-conditioned comfort it is proposed to install a central chilling plant from where conditioned chilled water will be pumped to air-handling units. Centralization enables a minimizing of chilling plant size, -handling and consequent electricity demand, by taking advantage of diversities and varying time cycles of demand for different campus facilities.
For areas that do not call for air-conditioning, a built in evaporative cooling system with proper passive design conditioning, is proposed. This will provide substantial comfort. The system allows the flexibility of adding split flexibility split-unit airconditioners for spaces that call for upgradation of comfort.
Ground Water will be drawn from bore wells along the main water course of the site using the wind energy and will be stored in a common overhead tank. The water will be treated for hardness and organic impurities. Waste water which will be treated on site for recycling will also be stored in an independent tank to be supplied to flushing cisterns, urinals and for g irrigation by gravity. All sanitary fixtures and fittings will be selected for water conservation and limited areas of ground and rooftop plantations shall be irrigated – by a drip irrigation system.
7.16 .2 EL ELECTRICITY SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION CTRICITY
Electricity will be received at high voltage from GSEB for distribution to the campus. Transformers and generators will be located at the utilities building. Electricity will be generated from the photovoltaic array and would be fed into the campus distribution grid and would supplement the day time electricity demand. ld Electricity storage is limited to requirements of essential lighting during night because use of lead batteries lead to environmental degradation.
.2 EL SEWERAGE TREATMENT & WASTE DISPOSAL 7.16
Water borne waste is segregated by grey and soil water. Grey water is passed through filter beds. Soil water will be treated by root zone reed-bed systems. Flow will be by gravity. bed Treated will be collected in at a low point of the t site where it will be polished and pumped for storage at the overhead storage tank to be recycled for use in flushing cisterns, and dripping irrigation. Organic waste recovered from the treatment systems will be used as manure.
Disposal of solid wastes will be in differentiated bins provided at all relevant locations. Organic waste will be sal centrally composted. Recyclable waste will be sold to city recycling traders. Toxic wastes from lab will be neutralized / collected locally and sha have special arrangements for safe disposal. shall
8.1 SITE PLAN 8.2 ACCESS LEVEL PLAN 8. 3 ACADEMIC BLOCK I 8. 4 ACADEMIC BLOCK II 8. 5 FACULTY RESIDENCE
8. 6 PRINCIPAL BUNGALOWS 8. 7 COMMUNITY CENTRE 8. 8 STUDENT’S HOSTEL 8. 9 FAMILY HOSTELS 8. 10 STUDENTS CENTRE
I AN I TT EOFP NDI NS IUT UBL C HE T I AL H
S CAL 17 0 E :5
I AN I TT EOFP NDI NS IUT UBL C HE T I AL H
S CAL 17 0 E :5
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Brassington, Mark. How to go carbon Neutral. n.d. carbon trade watch. "the carbom neutral myth." n.d. D.V.Roberts. "WEPSD Report." n.d. Ed begley, jr. Guide to sustainable living . n.d. Gupta, Vinod. "Sustainable Design Do buildings matter? ." A+d (2008): 96-100. Design100. IPCC. Climate change - Syntheis report. Geneva, 2001. jain, Shashank. "vernacular green architecture." dissertation. n.d. Jayant Sathaye, P.R.Shukla. "Climate Change , Sustainable development andIndia." (n.d.). Kirby, Alex. Kick the habit : A UN guide to carbon neutrality. n.d. Mawhinney, Mark. Sustainable Development - Understanding the green deebate. Blackwell n publishing, n.d. Nimish Patel, Parul Zaveri. "Abhikram Living." green by design April 2009. —. "Eco - Sensitive. what next ?" Design today March 2000. "one planet living." future energy magazine winter 2008. Sassi, paola. stratergies for sustainable architecture. taylor and francis, n.d. or Smith, Peter F. Architecture in a Climate of change. Architectural press, n.d. The worldwatch institute. "State of the world." 2008. The Worldwatch Institute. "State of the world." 2009. UNEP. Kick the habit. n.d. world wildlife federation. "Living Planet report." 2008. http://www.inhabitat.com/architecture/ http://www.thesustainablevillage.com/ http://www.Googlebooks.com/ .com/ http://www.panda.org/about_our_earth/all_publications/living_planet_report/
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.