You are on page 1of 2

4/25/2017 LTETutorial:PhysicalChannelStructure

Resources

LT E Tutorials

LTE Tutorials

Physical Channel Structure

The following list describes LTE downlink physical channels and physical signals. Downlink physical channels carry layer 2 information but downlink physical signals are
only used by the physical layer.

Downlink physical channels:

Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH)


Carries the DL-SCH and PCH. DL-SCH contains actual user data.

Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH)


Informs the UE about the resource allocation of PCH and DL-SCH, and HARQ information related to DL-SCH. Carries the uplink scheduling grant.

Physical HARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH)


Carries ACK/NACKs in response to uplink transmissions.

Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH)


Informs the UE about the number of OFDM symbols used for the PDCCHs; Transmitted in every subframe.

Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH)


The coded BCH transport block is mapped to four subframes within a 40 ms interval.

Downlink physical signals:

Reference Signal
Synchronization Signal (P-SS and S-SS)

The gure below shows the structure of the downlink physical channel and downlink physical signals.

Figure 1:Downlink Physical Channel Structure

http://www.artizanetworks.com/resources/tutorials/phy_cha.html 1/2
4/25/2017 LTETutorial:PhysicalChannelStructure

Uplink physical channels and uplink physical signals are as follows. Uplink physical channels carries layer 2 information but uplink physical signals are only used by the
physical layer.

Uplink physical channels:

Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH)


Carries the UL-SCH, ACK/NACK and CQI. UL-SCH contains actual user data.

Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH)


Carries ACK/NACKs in response to downlink transmission. Carries CQI (Channel Quality Indicator) report and SR (Scheduling Request).

Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)


Carries random access preamble.

Uplink physical signals:

Demodulation Reference Signal (UL-RS), associated with transmission of PUSCH and PUCCH.
Sounding Reference Signal (SRS), not associated with transmission of PUSCH and PUCCH.

The uplink physical channel and physical signal structure is shown below.

Figure 2:Uplink Physical Channel Structure

http://www.artizanetworks.com/resources/tutorials/phy_cha.html 2/2