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PHILIPPINE RABBIT BUS LINES and FELIX PANGALANGAN v.

PHIL-AMERICAN FORWARDERS,
ARCHIMEDES BALINGIT, and FERNANDO PINEDA
1975 / Aquino / Appeal from CFI order
FACTS
Pineda recklessly drove a freight truck [owned by Phil-American Forwarders] along the
national highway at Pampanga, and the truck bumped the PRBL bus driven by Pangalangan. As
a result, Pangalangan suffered injuries and the bus was damaged and could not be used for
79 days, thus depriving PRBL of earnings amounting to P8,665.51. Balingit was the manager of Phil-
American Forwarders.
PRBL and Pangalangan filed a complaint for damages against Phil-American Forwarders,
Balingit, and Pineda. Defendants said Balingit was not Pinedas employer. Balingit moved that the
complaint against him be dismissed on the ground that PRBL and Pangalangan had no cause of action
against him. CFI dismissed the complaint against Balingit, on the ground that he is not the
manager of an establishment as contemplated in NCC 2180.
ISSUE AND HOLDING
WON the terms employers and owners and managers of an establishment or enterprise embrace
the manager of a corporation owning a truck, the reckless operation of which allegedly resulted in the
vehicular accident from which the damage arose. NO.
RATIO
Those terms do not include the manager of a corporation. It may be gathered from the context of NCC
2180 that the term manager (director in the Spanish version) is used in the sense of employer.
Hence, no tortious or quasi-delictual liability can be imposed on Balingit as manager of Phil-American
Forwarders, in connection with the vehicular accident in question, because he himself may be
regarded as an employee or dependiente of Phil-American Forwarders.
CFI AFFIRMED