You are on page 1of 22

TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions
Study2.4
p.137#127
[35,39,43,.....63(every4th)]
67,69,71,75,77,79
89,102*,108*
Goal:Findderivativesofcompositefunctions.
Examples:

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions, Background

F:dy/dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 1
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

F:dy/dx

Howdoes6x2relateto(2x3+1)?

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

What makes this a composite function?

F:dy/dx

Theny=g(f(x))acompositefunction

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 2
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

CanweusethePowerRuletoget
thecorrectanswer?

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY NO!
CalculusHomePage Homework NEED FACTOR:

derivative practice

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

CanwejustusethePowerRule
andgetthecorrectanswer?

?
fromprevious

NO! Not alone.


NEED FACTOR:

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 3
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Usingonlythepowerrule,wearemissing
afactorof6x2.

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

tootedioustoexpand

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 4
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Chain Rule

dy=dydu
dxdudx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Hint:
ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 5
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Outerfunctioniscubeofsomething:()3

Innerfunctionissineofsomething:sin

Innermostfunctionis
squareofsomething:()2

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Chain Rule

dy=dydu
dxdudx

y=f(u)=u 3
expandedchainrule:
u=g(v)=sinv
dy=dydudv
v=h(x)=x2 dxdudvdx

theny=f(g(h(x)))
ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 6
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Chain Rule

dy=dydu
dxdudx
y=f(u)=u 3

u=g(v)=sinv
theny=f(g(h(x)))
v=h(x)=x2 expandedchainrule:

dy=dydudv
dxdudvdx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 7
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions Chain Rule

dy=dydu
dxdudx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ChainRule
If:
1)y=f(u)isadifferentiablefunctionofu,and
2)u=g(x)isadifferentiablefunctionofx,
then
y=f(g(x))isadifferentiablefunctionofx,and

or

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 8
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

derivative practice

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 9
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

derivative practice

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule: DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

oneoption:

derivative practice

thenuseQuotientRule

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 10
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 11
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015
2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 12
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 13
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 14
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

F:dy/dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 15
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.3ProductandQuotientRulesofDifferentiation cofunctions

d(sinx)=cosx d(cosx)=sinx
dx dx

d(tanx)=sec2x d(cotx)=csc2x
dx dx

d(secx)=secxtanx d(cscx)=cscxcotx
dx dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 16
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions cofunctions

d(sinu)=cosudu d(cosu)=sinudu
dxdx dxdx

d(tanu)=sec2udu d(cotu)=csc2udu
dxdx dxdx

d(secx)=secutanudu d(cscx)=cscucotudu
dxdx dxdx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

F:dy/dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 17
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions
F:dy/dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

F:dy/dx

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 18
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Thiscompositefunctioniscomposedof
3nestedfunctions.

Therefore,theChainRulerequires3factors,
whereeachfactoristhederivativeofoneofthe
functionsinthecompositefunction.

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

G.Battaly2015 19
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

Thiscompositefunctioniscomposedof
3nestedfunctions.

Therefore,theChainRulerequires3factors,
whereeachfactoristhederivativeofoneofthe
functionsinthecompositefunction.

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 20
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage derivative practice Homework

G.Battaly2015 21
TheChainRule:DerivativesofCompositeFunctions July06,2015

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework

derivative practice

2.4ChainRule:DerivativeofCompositeFunctions

ClassNotes:Prof.G.Battaly,WestchesterCommunityCollege,NY
CalculusHomePage Homework
derivative practice

G.Battaly2015 22