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Works Cited

Krieg, Cynthia, Catherine Hudon, Maud-Christine Chouinard, and Isabelle Dufour. "Individual

Predictors of Frequent Emergency Department Use: A Scoping Review." BMC Health

Services Research 16 (2016): 1-10. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

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Source # 1 Bibliography Krieg, Cynthia, Catherine Hudon, Maud-Christine Chouinard, and

(MLA or APA) Isabelle Dufour. "Individual Predictors of Frequent Emergency
Department Use: A Scoping Review." BMC Health Services
10 pts Research 16 (2016): 1-10. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6
Nov. 2016.

Annotation: This article contains information to explain why there are so

(Describe ALL info. that many reoccurring patients in Emergency Rooms. In the article,
might be important for each factor that contributes to why the ER is extremely busy is
your paper. Explain to addressed. The factors include items such age, education of
the reader and/or patients, gender, medical issues, and even locations of some
summarize what might be hospitals pertaining to the patient. For each factor, the article
found in this source) goes in depth and list potential reasoning. It also compares
research from multiple articles to give views from every aspect.
35 pts As the article continues, it pinpoints the main reason for chronic
ER use as poor socioeconomic status and/or mental and physical
illness. The article also includes many helpful charts to give
details to each factor, while also providing the resource from
which that information came.

Potential Quotes: - analyzed gender as a potential independent factor but found

(Are there any significant that it was not a significant predictor of frequent ED use pg. 3
quotes you can use or - frequent ED use is regarded as an excessive number of visits
paraphrase from this during a single year, chronic frequent ED use is defined as
frequently visiting the ED for multiple years in a row pg. 2

15 pts
- patients in the geriatric age group (75 and older) were more
likely to be frequent ED usersn compared to younger adults (20
to 49 years old) pg. 3
- those with at least a college degree were less likely to be heavy
ED users [40] pg. 7
- frequent ED users suffered from various medical conditions
which included chronic diseases pg. 7
- Many frequent ED users have high levels of health care use
(other than the ED), a lower socioeconomic status, and suffer
often from concomitant multiple physical and mental conditions
pg. 9

Assessment: This source is credible because it comes from an actual Health

(Analyze and explain why Research Service. There are multiple, legitimate authors. It is also
this source is credible) a credible source, because I was able to find it on Galileo. For
each fact listed in the article, the authors have included every
15 pts source from which they received the information and cited it all.

Reflection: I will use this article as a main source to pull information from for
(How will you potentially my final project. I plan to incorporate the charts included to add a
use it?) visual element, as well as pull the quotes from legitimate research
to give a more professional effect. For my final project, I would
25 pts also like to look into each source they cited to get more views on
the topic. The information included in their conclusion will act as a
great primary topic for my piece.

Reflection/ Summary:
This article relates directly to my potential research in that it discusses each cause of
frequent Emergency Rooms visits. It adds accurate information and a visual aid, while also
providing other research topics to consider. The source is extremely helpful and is exactly what I
hoped for, for my research project. I can use this article as one of my main sources. I can pull
the facts in to strengthen my points, while also starting my project with a few graphs. For my
project, I want to be sure to include a more in depth view on each variable mentioned in the
article. I especially want to be sure to address age and debilities, as mentioned.