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Civil Rights

Present Day Inequality


What are civil rights?
Does inequity exist today in the USA?
Employment
Wealth
Access to Goods/Services
Health Care
Residential Opportunities
Education
Police and Judicial System Treatment

Possible Causes for Inequality


History
De jure Segregation
Personal Behavior
Values
Stereotypes
Current Discrimination
De Facto Segregation
Prejudices

Judicial Tests
Court responses to government actions that treat classes
of folks differently
Reasonable Basis Test
Inequity ok if legit relation to government interest
Strict Scrutiny Test
Discrimination with basis of racial and ethnic
categories that create suspect classification are of
dubious constitutionality
Intermediate Scrutiny Test
Middle of other 2, used mostly in sex discrimination
cases
Federal Government Responses
Women
19th Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
Late 70s early 80 Failed
Comparable Worth Principle
Family Leave Laws
Sexual Harassment Laws
Quid Pro Quo
Unwanted Touching
Hostile Working Environment
African Americans
13th to 15th Amendments
Brown v. Board of Education Decision
Civil Right Act of 1964
Accommodations, Jobs, Housing
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Affirmative Action
Hispanic Americans
Labor and Immigration Laws
Voting Rights Amendment 1982
Asian Americans
Immigration Laws
Native Americans
Indians Bill of Rights
Elderly
Age Discrimination Acts
Physically Disabled
Americans with Disabilities Act
Homosexuals
Recent Court Decisions

Implementation Questions

2
Does indisputable inequality warrant additional
resources for recruitment of minorities on college
campuses?
Bakke Case
If we are for equality of results, then we must fight de
jure and de facto discrimination
Is Affirmative Action the proper response?