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Tori Darrow

SCI 141

Dr. Maase

22 March 2016

A vs G Experiment

Problem: How does the time it takes a hall cart to travel relate to its distance travelled?

Variables:

distance (x.xxx m)
time (x.xx s)
car
slope of track

Manipulated Variable: distance travelled

Operational Definition of Manipulated Variable: The MV will be measured using a meter stick.

Measure 1.000m, 0.800m, 0.600m, 0.500m, 0.400m, 0.200m, and 0.000m. These will be

the distances the hall cart travels.

Responding Variable: The time (in seconds) it takes the hall cart to travel.

Operational Definition of Responding Variable: Use a stop watch to measure the time, in

seconds, it takes the hall cart to travel the distance.

Hypothesis: The time (s) it takes the car to travel will decrease as the distance (m) decreases.

Rationale: According to Galileo, all objects fall at the same constant acceleration rate. Therefore,

as the distance decreases, so will the time it takes the car to travel.
Materials used:

Hall cart
Metal ramp (1.25m)
Meter stick
Stopwatch
Sponge
Wooden block
2 wooden blocks (total of 77mm in height)
2 magazines (total of 6mm in height)
Stick/ruler

Procedure for Controlling Variables: I can how the car travels by always placing it straightly in

the middle of the ramp. To decrease flaw in the time, I can control that the time starts on

GO when after counting 3, 2, 1, GO. I can also control the way that the stick is lifted, and

have it lifted straight up on GO to keep it constant.

Procedure:

1. Set up metal ramp. Stack 2 wooden blocks (77mm) and 2 magazines (6mm) and place

one end of the ramp on the stack. The height of the ramp should be 83mm.
2. Place sponge at the end of the ramp. Place wooden block behind sponge. These will be

used to stop the hall cart at the end of the ramp.


3. Place meter stick on the edge of the ramp, make sure it is the correct direction so that

measurements can be read.


4. Place cart in the middle of the track at the 1.000m mark. Hold in place using the

stick/ruler. Count 3, 2, 1, GO lifting stick straight up on GO. Start time on GO, stop

time when cart reaches end of track (hits sponge). Record data on chart. Repeat 2 more

times. Calculate average time and record on chart (T1+T2+T3/3).


5. Repeat step 4 for 0.800m, 0.600m, 0.500m, 0.400m, 0.200m, and 0.000m.
Conclusion: My hypothesis is supported time it takes to travel decreases as distance decreases.

The average time is took the cart to travel 1.000m is 1.81s, the average time to travel

0.500m is 1.28s, the average time to travel 0.200m is 0.76s. Distance is directly related to

time. Some sources of error would include reaction time in starting/stopping the

stopwatch. Also measurements of distances may not be exact.

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