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# III.

## Calculate the initial concentrations of I- and S2O82- ions:

Mixture # 5:

[I-] = (VI- x CM I-)/ Vtotal = (4ml x 0.2 mol)/ 25ml = 0.032 mol/L

1 0.08 0.04 54

2 0.068 0.04 90

## 11 0.08 0.01 425

Plotting the concentration of iodide ion versus time: [Note: X axis: time; Y axis:
concentrations].
- Mixtures # 1-6: Graph

Comment:

The order of reaction with respect to iodide ion followed: Mixture 1 > 2 > 3 > 4 > 5 > 6

If a greater concentration of reactant atoms and molecules ( concentration of Iodine ion increases
and concentration of peroxydisulfate is constant) is present, the greater chance for collisions will
occur among them. More collisions mean a higher reactions rate. Thus decreasing the
concentration of Iodine in this reactions results in lower reaction rate as well as the time for the
reaction is longer.

## If a greater concentration of reactant atoms and molecules ( concentration of peroxydisulfate

increases and concentration of Iodine ion is constant) is present, the greater chance for collisions
will occur among them. More collisions mean a higher reactions rate. Thus decreasing the
concentration of peroxydisulfate in this reactions results in lower reaction rate as well as the time
for the reaction is longer.

Reaction System:

## Description Predicte Observation Reaction Explanation

of conditions d time
outcome

## Room The color The color 1.6s At room temperature, the

temperature changes changes from reaction occurs with the
purple to normal conditions
colorless
500C The color The color 1.4s When increasing temperature,
changes changes from the atoms and molecules of
purple to reactants are provided more
colorless energy so they move faster
and increase the collision
900C The color The color 0.9s among them. Therefore, the
changes changes from reaction rate is higher and the
purple to less time is consumed
colorless

## Trial Description Predicted Observation

Explanation
of conditions outcome (Reaction rate)

## 1 + MnCl2 Slow Fast MnCl2 is not a catalyst for this

reaction

2 + MnO2 Very fast Very fast MnO2 is a good catalyst for this
reaction

3 + MnO

## 4 + NaCl Slow Slower than NaCl is not a catalyst for this

MnCl2 reaction

5 + CaCl2 Slow Faster than MnCl2 CaCl2 is not a catalyst for this
reaction

reaction

reaction

this reaction