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CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

REPORT
Experiment 3: REDOX
TITRATION

To: Instructor: PhD Hoang Le Son

From: Do Truong Anh Thu - Student ID: BTBCIU14046

Subject: General Chemistry Laboratory

Date: October 12th, 2015


I. INTRODUCTION

This experiment shows us the technique to determine the unknown solution by the known
solution of the oxidation-reduction reaction - TITRATION. The mainly titrant used in
this experiment is potassium manganate with N=0.05 to titrate against a standard solution
of H2O2O4. Then the standardized KMnO4 solution will be used to determine the
concentration of unknown oxalic acid and unknown Fe3+ solution. Furthermore, the
experiment provides the overview concept about the nature of redox reaction and the
relationship between the GEW (gram equivalent weight), the volume and with the
normality among the oxidizing/reducing agents

II. PROCEDURE

A. Instruments:

One 50 mL buret

One 250 mL volumetric flask

One 100 mL graduated cylinder

Three 250 mL beakers

One 10 mL volumetric pipet

There 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks

One glass watch

One funnel (small size)

One stirring rod

One medicine dropper

Water bath
B. Experimental Procedure:

1. Prepare KMnO4 solution: calculate the weight of KMnO4 required to prepare of a 0.05 N
KMnO4 solution. After weighing the required amount KMnO4, transfer it to a 250 mL
beaker with 250 mL of distilled water. Mix the solution thoroughly by vigorous swirling.
Then transfer it to a dark brown bottle, discard undissolved solid.

2. Clean the buret with distilled water and then rinse it three times with 5 mL portions
prepared KMnO4 solution, allowing the rinse solution to drain though the tip of the buret
each time. Discard the rinse solution. Fill the buret with KMnO4 solution and allow it to
drain tough the buret tip until no air bubbles remain in the tip. Record the buret reading
before beginning the titration.

3. Standardization of prepared KMnO4 solution: pipet separate 10 mL of standard oxalic


acid solution into three 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks. Add approximately 40 mL of distilled
water to each flask. In the fume hood, cautiously add 20 mL of 6 N H2SO4 solution to
each flask. Warm the flasks in the water bath to 85 90 0 and titrate the hot solutions
against the KMnO4 solution.

4. Determination of unknown concentration H2C2O4 solution: pipet separate 10 mL of


unknown concentration solution of H2C2O4 into three 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks and
proceed as directed in the standardization process. After finishing the titration, calculate
the normality of the unknown concentration H2C2O4 solution; determine the average and
the standard deviation.

III. DATA AND DISCUSSION

1. TITRATION OF KMnO4 SOLUTION WITH STANDARD H2C2O4 SOLUTION

Normality of the standard H2C2O4 solution, NH2C2O4= 0.05 N

Volume of the standard H2C2O4 solution used, VH2C2O4 = 10 mL

Trial # Burette reading (mL) Volume of KMnO4 (mL) Normality of KMnO4 (N)

1 0.00-10.00 10.00 0.05


2 10.00-19.80 9.80 0.051

3 19.80-29.60 9.80 0.051

Data Calculation:

Normality of the solution is calculated by the relationship

VKMnO4 x NKMnO4 = VH2C2O4 x N H2C2O4

The Normality of KMnO4 is: NKMnO4 = (VH2C2O4 x N H2C2O4)/VKMnO4

For the Trial 1: NKMnO4 = 0.05x10/10 = 0.05

For the Trial 2: NKMnO4 = 0.05x10/9.8 = 0.051

For the Trial 3: NKMnO4 = 0.05x10/9.8 = 0.051

Average Normality of KMnO4 = (0.05 + 0.051 + 0.051)/3 = 0.0507 (N)


2. TITRATION OF UNKNOWN CONCENTRATION H2C2O4 SOLUTION WITH
STANDARD KMnO4 SOLUTION

Normality of the standard KMnO4 solution, N(KMnO4) = 0.05 N

Volume of the unknown H2C2O4 solution used, V(H2C2O4) = 10 mL

Trial # Burette reading (mL) Volume of KMnO4 Normality of


(mL) H2C2O4 (N)

1 0.00-7.90 7.90 0.0395

2 10.00-18.10 8.10 0.0405

3 10.00-17.80 7.80 0.039

Data Calculation:

Normality of the solution is calculated by the relationship

VKMnO4 x NKMnO4 = VH2C2O4 x N H2C2O4

The Normality of KMnO4 is: NH2C2O4 = (VKMnO4 x NKMnO4)/VH2C2O4


For the Trial 1: NH2C2O4 = 0.05x7.9/10 = 0.0395

For the Trial 2: NH2C2O4 = 0.05x8.1/10 = 0.0405

For the Trial 3: NH2C2O4 = 0.05x7.8/10 = 0.039

Average Normality of KMnO4 = (0.0395+0.0405+0.039)/3 = 0.0397 (N)

3. TITRATION OF UNKNOWN CONCENTRATION FeSO4 SOLUTION WITH


STANDARD KMnO4 SOLUTION

Normality of the standard KMnO4 solution, N(KMnO4) = 0.05 N

Volume of the unknown H2C2O4 solution used, V(FeSO4) = 10 mL

Trial # Burette reading (mL) Volume of KMnO4 (mL) Normality of


FeSO4 (N)

1 10.00-15.80 5.80 0.029

2 10.00-15.90 5.90 0.0295

3 10.00-16.00 6.00 0.03

Data Calculation:

Normality of the solution is calculated by the relationship


VKMnO4 x NKMnO4 = VFeSO4 x NFeSO4

The Normality of KMnO4 is: NFeSO4 = (VKMnO4 x NKMnO4 )/VFeSO4

For the Trial 1: NFeSO4 = 0.05x5.8/10 = 0.029

For the Trial 2: NFeSO4 = 0.05x5.9/10 = 0.0295

For the Trial 3: NFeSO4 = 0.05x6/10 = 0.03

Average Normality of FeSO4 = (0.029+0.0295+0.03)/3 = 0.0295 (N)

IV. CONCLUSION

With the method Titration in this experiment, we can calculate the unknown concentration
solution by adding the known volume of the standardized solution until the reaction between
them reaches neutralization through the relationship Voxid x Noxid = Vred x Nred . At the end of
titration, three of four variables will be known and the unknown variable can be determined.