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HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS

FOR

Project:

CONTRACT No.:

DATE: 4/27/2017

DESIGN DATA:

Occupancy classification:

Density: l/s / m2

Area of application: m2

Coverage per sprinkler: m2

Number of Sprinkler Calculated: nos.

Total water required:


(Including Hose Streams) l/s

NAME of CONTRACTOR:

NAME of DESIGNER:
HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS
Name: Dead End System without Velocity Pressure Sheet of
Address: C= 120 Prepared by:
Area: K= 79.1 Date:

PIPE EQUIV.
STEP No.

NOZZLE FLOW FRICTION PRESSURE NORMAL


PIPE SIZE FITTINGS PIPE
IDENT. & IN LOSS SUMARRY PRESSURE NOTES
(mm) & LENGTH
LOCATION (l/min) (bar/m) (bar/m) (bar/m)
DEVICES (m)

q= L= 4 Pt = 0.913 Pt =
1 Q= 75.60 25 F= Pe = Pv =
T= 4 0.040 Pf = 0.160 Pn =
q= 81.961 L= 4 Pt = 1.074 Pt =
2 Q= 157.56 32 F= Pe = Pv =
T= 4 0.047 Pf = 0.187 Pn =
q= 88.823 L= 4 Pt = 1.261 Pt =
3 Q= 246.38 40 F= Pe = Pv =
T= 4 0.036 Pf = 0.144 Pn =
q= 93.773 L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
4 Q= 340.16 40 F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 0.066 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
5 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
6 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
7 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
8 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
9 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
10 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
11 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
12 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
13 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
14 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
q= L= Pt = 1.405 Pt =
15 Q= F= Pe = Pv =
T= 0 Pf = Pn =
Pt = 1.405
Notes:

- Light hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 18.6m2


- Ordinary hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 12.1m2
- Extra hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 9.3m2
REF. STEP

Coverage Number of Number of Flow in


Density Calculated
per Sprinkler Sprinkler on First
Selection Area
Sprinkler to be Branch Line Sprinkler
(l/min)/m2 (m2)
(m2) Calculate = (1.2A)/distance (Q=l/min)

6.3 139 4 12 4 75.6


12
1 3

2 The total pressure (Pt) is determined by:


Pt = [Q/K]2 = 0.913 bar/m

3 Where: Q = l/min K
75.6 79.1

4 Friction Loss Formula: Pf = L x 6.05 x Q1.85 x 105 = 3.273


C 1.85
xd 4.87

5 Where: Q = l/min C d (dia. mm) length (m)


1200 120 100 420

6 The flow increment in l/min to be added at a specific location:


q = Kp = 81.961 l/min

7 Where: K p (bar/m)
79.1 1.0736493919

8 The K factor is determined by:


K= Q/p = #DIV/0!

9 Where: Q = l/min p (bar/m)

10

11

12

13

14

15
bar/m
Sprinkler Discharge Characteristics Identification

Nominal Percent of
Orifice Orifice K Nominal
Size Type Factor 1/2 in.
(mm) Discharge
12.7 Standard 5.3-5.8 100
13.5 Large 7.4-8.2 140
15.8 Extra Large 11.0-11.5 200

K factor is the constant in the formula : Q = KP


Where:
Q = Flow in gpm
P = Pressure in PSI

For SI unit: Qm = KmPm


Where:
Q = Flow in l/min
P = Pressure in bars
Km = 14K
Fittings and Valves Expressed in Equivalent Meter of Pipe
Fittings & Valves
20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 100
450 Elbow 0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.6096 0.6096 0.9144 0.9144 0.9144 1.2192
900 Elbow 0.6096 0.6096 0.9144 1.2192 1.524 1.8288 2.1336 2.4384 3.048
Tee / Cross 0.9144 1.524 1.8288 2.4384 3.048 3.6576 4.572 5.1816 6.096
Butterfly Valve 1.8288 2.1336 3.048 3.6576
Gate Valve 0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.6096
Swing Check Valve 1.524 2.1336 2.7432 3.3528 4.2672 4.8768 5.7912 6.7056
Equivalent Meter of Pipe
125 150 200 250 300
1.524 2.1336 2.7432 3.3528 3.9624
3.6576 4.2672 5.4864 6.7056 8.2296
7.62 9.144 10.668 15.24 18.288
2.7432 3.048 3.6576 5.7912 6.4008
0.6096 0.9144 1.2192 1.524 1.8288
8.2296 9.7536 13.716 16.764 19.812