You are on page 1of 38

IDEA Slab User Guide

IDEA Slab 5

User guide

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide

Contents
1.1 Program requirements ...................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Installation guidelines ...................................................................................................... 4
2 Basic Terms ............................................................................................................................. 5
3 User interface .......................................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Control of view in the Main window ............................................................................... 6
3.1.1 DXF export settings .................................................................................................. 7
4 Work with project.................................................................................................................... 8
4.1 New project ...................................................................................................................... 9
4.2 New slab by import from DXF file .................................................................................. 9
5 Input of the structure ............................................................................................................. 11
5.1 Project data ..................................................................................................................... 11
5.2 Geometry ........................................................................................................................ 13
5.2.1 Outline ..................................................................................................................... 13
5.2.2 Openings.................................................................................................................. 15
5.2.3 Nodes ....................................................................................................................... 16
5.2.4 Line.......................................................................................................................... 17
5.2.5 Stiffness of supports ................................................................................................ 18
5.3 Loads .............................................................................................................................. 20
5.4 Groups of load cases ...................................................................................................... 20
5.4.1 Load cases ............................................................................................................... 21
5.4.2 Point loads ............................................................................................................... 23
5.4.3 Line Loads ............................................................................................................... 24
5.4.4 Patch loads............................................................................................................... 25
5.4.5 Combinations .......................................................................................................... 26
6 Results ................................................................................................................................... 27
6.1 Analysis model ............................................................................................................... 27
6.1.1 Ribbon group Model ............................................................................................... 27
6.2 Reactions in supports ..................................................................................................... 28
6.2.1 Ribbon group Reactions .......................................................................................... 29
6.3 Deformations .................................................................................................................. 30
6.3.1 Ribbon group Deformations .................................................................................... 30
6.3.2 Ribbon group Results .............................................................................................. 31
6.4 Internal forces ................................................................................................................. 32
6.4.1 Ribbon group Internal Forces .................................................................................. 32
6.4.2 Ribbon group Results .............................................................................................. 33

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide

7 Design and check of reinforcement ....................................................................................... 34


7.1 Input of point for concrete check ................................................................................... 34
7.2 Generation of data for IDEA RCS ................................................................................. 35
8 Report .................................................................................................................................... 38

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 4

1.1 Program requirements


Application requires .NET Framework 4 to be installed on your computer. You can download
it from web pages of Microsoft company.
(http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?displaylang=en&FamilyID=0a391abd-
25c1-4fc0-919f-b21f31ab88b7). In case of a missing .NET Framework 4 the installation will
not be launched.

1.2 Installation guidelines


IDEA Slab program is installed as a part of IDEA StatiCa package.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 5

2 Basic Terms
IDEA Slab is a simple program for the analysis and design of floor slabs. IDEA Slab is one
from the group of programs developed by IDEA RS company especially for 2D FEA
structural analysis. All these programs work with the same data model. This allows their
direct connection with all IDEA design modules.

3D/ 2D
FE analysis

IDEA Steel IDEA Concrete


Steel Beams,
member Columns

IDEA
Designer
Structural
Model
IDEA
Prestressing IDEA Concrete
Prestressed Slabs
member
IDEA Concrete
Prestressed
cross-section

You can input a slab of any shape with openings in IDEA Slab program. Slab can be
supported in points or lines. Supports can be flexible with defined stiffness. Loads are sorted
into load cases. Slab can be loaded by force and moment point load, force and moment line
loads and force patch loads. Analysis of internal forces and deformations is done by finite
element method. Program offers internal forces mx, my, mxy, vy, vxz and deformations uz,
fix, fiy. Load cases can be combined.
Results of IDEA Slab program can be directly used in design module IDEA RCS where the
required reinforcement can be designed.
FEA programs of IDEA RS are designed in such way that they can also be used via internet.
They are implemented in the MS Azure platform. All of them can be run as Cloud
applications.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 6

3 User interface
The items of user interface of the application are composed into following groups:
Navigator it contains main commands for the work with a project
Ribbons there are sets of controls. Ribbons are changed according to the current
command on Navigator.
Main window it is used mainly for appropriate drawings
Data window properties of objects and results of analysis are displayed in this
window according to current command of Navigator
All other IDEA applications have the similar design.

Ribbon

Main Window

Navigator

Data window

3.1 Control of view in the Main window


The view in 2D window can be set by mouse or by tool in the left upper corner of the
window.

- zoom all. Click this button to fit the whole structure to the 2D window.
To set the required view using keyboard and mouse following combinations can be used:
Click and hold mid mouse button moving the mouse pans the view.
Roll with mid mouse button moving the mouse increases/decreases the view.
Push CTRL+SHIFT and hold mid mouse button moving the mouse defines the
window for zoom.
Click on right mouse button over 2D window shows context menu with following commands:
Zoom all zoom to show the whole current structure in the 2D window.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 7

Print start printing of the current content of 2D window on selected printer.


To bitmap start export of the current content of 2D window to the raster graphics
file (PNG, GIF, BMP, JPEG, TIFF).
To clipboard copy of the current content of 2D window to the Windows clipboard.
To DXF start export of the current content of 2D window to the 2D DXF file.

3.1.1 DXF export settings


Following export parameters can be set in the Save as dialog
when exporting the view to the 2D file:
Scale if the option is selected, the scale ratio used to
create the drawing in exported DXF can be set.
Output units select units of the drawing in the
exported DXF file.
Layers select the mode of layers generation. Layers can
be generated according to the line type, the line thickness, the
entity type or the entity color.
Fill regions switch on/off export of filled regions
(otherwise only outlines are exported).
Dimensions switch on/off export of dimension lines.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 8

4 Work with project


Use commands in ribbon group Project to work with project:
New create a new project.
Open open an existing project (files with extension *.ideaSlab or
*.wsSlab).
Save save the current project into the data file.
Save as save the current project into the data file using a new file
name.
About open the About application dialog.
Preferences open a dialog to set the application language or the
logo for printed reports.
Close close the current project.
Exit close the application.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 9

4.1 New project


To create a new project click New in ribbon group Project.

4.2 New slab by import from DXF file


Only a new slab can be created using the import of outline and openings from DXF file it
means that the import is disabled when any project is open in IDEA Slab.
To create a new slab by the import from DXF file click DXF in ribbon group Project.
Following entities can be imported from the DXF file: LINE, POLYLINE, SPLINE, ARC,
CIRCLE, TEXT.

The content of imported DXF file is displayed in the dialog Import of slab geometry.
The proper units, which correspond with units of DXF file, must be set in ribbon group
Settings. Otherwise the dimensions of cross-section can be wrong.
The lines, which create the outline or opening of slab, should be selected in the main window.
The selected group of lines should be continuous and should create a closed polygon.
Lines can be selected like standard irregular selections in Windows applications hold CTRL
and select single lines. To select lines, which are continuous to the selected line, click
Consecutive in the ribbon group Settings.
The selected group of lines must be converted to:
Slab outline. To convert the lines click Outline in the ribbon group Slab component.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 10

Slab opening. To convert the lines click Opening in the ribbon group Slab
component.
The converted outlines and openings are drawn in the Detail window. Click Clear in ribbon
group Import of slab geometry to delete the converted parts of the cross-section.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 11

5 Input of the structure


Appropriate structural data can be input by specific navigator
commands. Input of data is sorted into following groups of
commands Project, Geometry and Loads. User simply goes
through navigator from top to bottom.
All data are edited from keyboard into tables. There is no
graphical interactive input like drawing by mouse.

5.1 Project data


To display the table with basic and identification data of the project and the table with default
values of partial load coefficients click navigator command Project Data.

Table Project data:


Thickness input of value of a slab thickness. The same thickness is applied to the
whole area of a slab.
Mesh element input of size of reference mesh element. There can be bigger or
smaller elements generated. The size of element should not be smaller than slab
thickness.
Material material is chosen from the list of different concrete classes.
Name input of name of the project.
Number input of identification number of the project.
Author input name of the author of project.
IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO
tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 12

Description input of additional information about the structure.


Date date of calculation
Values of load factors for permanent loads and default values of load factors for new groups
of variable loads can be set in the table Partial load factors for permanent and variable
load.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 13

5.2 Geometry
Individual navigator commands of group Geometry are used for the input of slab outline,
opening in the slab, inner nodes and inner lines together with definition of supports and
support stiffnesses.

5.2.1 Outline
To input slab outline click navigator command Geometry > Outline.
The shape of slab is defined by its outline. Outline edges can be straight and are defined by
end nodes. When a new project is opened, the default shape of a rectangle 6 x 4 m is created.
Final shape of a slab is done by editing of existing nodes or adding new ones. New nodes are
inserted into the centre of selected edge. When a node is inserted, user can edit its coordinates
and place it in the desired position.

Nodes are edited in table in the Data window. Each node represents one line of a table.
Numbers of lines and nodes are generated automatically and cannot be changed.
Columns in table Outline:
Line the number of line.
Node the number of node.
X,
Y input of node coordinates in the global coordinate system in the X (or Y) axis
direction.
Nodal support input the support conditions in the node.
Line support input the support conditions along the line. Following support
conditions can be defined for node or line:
IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO
tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 14

o Free - node or line is not supported in any direction;


o Z - node or line is supported only for displacement in global Z-axis direction;
o All - nodal or line is supported for all displacements and rotations.
- add a new node. The node is inserted into the middle of current line.
- delete the node (and the associated line).

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 15

5.2.2 Openings
To input slab openings click navigator command Geometry > Openings.
More openings can be defined in the slab. Definition of openings is similar to the input of slab
outline. Nodes and edges of openings can be supported.

Current opening can be selected from the list Opening. Geometry of current opening is
shown in table.
Individual buttons beside the list Opening:
- edit of a current opening
- add a new opening to the existing ones
- delete current opening
Editing of current opening is done similarly to editing of slab outline.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 16

5.2.3 Nodes
To input internal nodes into the slab click navigator command Geometry > Nodes.
There can be unlimited number of inner nodes in the slab. Each node can be supported or
loaded by point load. Nodes can be used also to define inner lines.

Click above the table to add a new node.


Columns it the table Nodes:
Node the number of node.
X,
Y input the node coordinates in X (or Y) axis of the global coordinate system.
Nodal support input the support conditions in the node.
- delete the current node.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 17

5.2.4 Line
To input lines click navigator command Geometry > Line.
Unlimited number of inner lines can be input on the slab. Inner lines can be used to define
supports or input line loads.

Click above table to add a new line.


Columns in table Lines:
Line then number of line.
Begin node input the number of the beginning node of the line.
End node input the number of the end node of the line.
Line support input the support conditions along the line.
- delete the current line.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 18

5.2.5 Stiffness of supports


Stiffness can be defined for nodal and line supports. The stiffness of nodal support is defined
in direction of global coordinate system, stiffness of line support is defined in local coordinate
system of line. Non-zero stiffness are taken into account in calculation. Zero value of stiffness
means that support is rigid in the particular direction.
To define stiffness of supports click navigator command Geometry > Support stiffness.

Tables of nodal and line supports are displayed on tabs Support stiffness in node and Support
stiffness on line in the data window.
Nodal supports parameters can be defined in the table Nodes on the tab Support stiffness in
node. Columns in the table Nodes:
Node the number of node.
Nodal support - select the type of nodal support.
Flexible switch on/off the flexible support in the node.
Kz input the value of stiffness in direction of Z axis of global coordinate system.
Krx input the value of rotational stiffness around X axis of global coordinate
system.
Kry input the value of rotational stiffness around Y axis of global coordinate
system.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 19

Line supports parameters can be defined in the table Lines on the tab Support stiffness on
line.
Columns in the table Lines:
Line number of line.
Line support select the type of line support.
Flexible switch on/off the flexible support along the line.
kz - input the value of stiffness in direction of z-axis of local coordinate system of
line. The direction of z-axis of local coordinate system of the line is identical to the
direction of Z-axis of global coordinate system.
krx input the value of rotational stiffness about x-axis of local coordinate system of
line. The x-axis of local coordinate system of the line points from the beginning to the
end node of the line.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 20

5.3 Loads
Individual commands of group Loads are used for input of load cases, point loads, line loads,
patch loads and combinations.

5.4 Groups of load cases


Each load case is assigned to one group of load cases.
Load cases, which are in one group, are considered as one load case when generating load
case coefficients for combinations.
All permanent load cases are assigned to one (default) load case group in IDEA Slab.
Load group options:
The type of group can be set either to Standard or Exclusive. If the group is
exclusive, only one of load cases in group can act in the final combination (e. g Wind
left, Wind right).
Values of partial load coefficients can be set for the group.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 21

5.4.1 Load cases


Loads on slabs are associated to load cases. Load cases can be of type Permanent or Variable.
Each case can contain uniform load on whole slab and additional point, line and patch loads.
To input of load cases click navigator command Loads > Load cases.
Value of uniform load acting over the whole slab can be defined in each load case.
Load case of self-weight is generated automatically and cannot be deleted.

Click above a table of load cases to add a new load case. Click Copy above the table to
copy the current load case.
Click above a table of load groups to add a new load group.
Columns in the table Load cases:
Name input the name of load case.
Uniform load - input the uniform load over the whole slab. Negative value of load
acts in the direction of view on the slab (from top to the bottom).
Load group for the variable load case, select the appropriate load group.
Type set the type of load case.
- delete the appropriate load case.
Columns in the table Variable load groups:
Name input the name of the group.
Type set the type of the group either Standard or Exclusive.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 22

q input the partial load case coefficient for variable load cases in ULS
combinations..
0 input the partial load case coefficient for variable load cases in ULS and SLS
characteristics combinations.
1- input the partial load case coefficient for variable load cases in SLS frequent
combinations.
2 - input the partial load case coefficient for variable load cases in SLS quasi-
permanent combinations.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 23

5.4.2 Point loads


To input of point loads click navigator command Loads > Point Loads.
Force point load or moment point load can be defined in any node of a slab. Loads act in
directions of global coordinate system, thus e.g. the negative value of force load acts in the
direction of view on the slab (from top to the bottom).

Current load case is set in the list Load cases. Point loads already defined in this load case are
displayed in the table.
Click above the table to add a new point loads into current load case.
Columns in Point loads table:
Node input the number of node, in which the load acts.
Fz input the value of force point load.
Mx input the value of moment point load about global X axis.
My input the value of moment point load about global Y axis..
- delete the point load.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 24

5.4.3 Line Loads


To input line loads click navigator command Loads > Line Loads.
Any line of slab (outline or inner) can be loaded by vertical uniform line load or by the
uniform moment about the x-axis of the line. The loads act in local coordinate system of the
line. The x-axis of local coordinate system of the line points from the beginning to the end
node of the line. Negative value of force load acts in the direction of view on the slab (from
top to the bottom).

Current load case is set in the list Load cases. Line loads already defined in this load case are
displayed in the table.
Click above the table to add a new line load into the current load case.
Columns in the table Line loads:
Line input the number of line, on which the line load acts.
pz input the value of uniform force load.
mx input the value of uniform moment load.
- delete the line load.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 25

5.4.4 Patch loads


To input patch loads is click navigator command Loads > Patch Loads.
Slab can be loaded by any number vertical uniform patch load. The shape is defined as a
polygon with vertices in existing nodes. Negative value of load acts in the direction of view
on the slab (from top to the bottom).

Current load case is set in the list Load cases. Patch loads already defined in this load case
are displayed in the table.
Click above the table to add a new patch load into the current load case.
Columns in the table Patch loads:
Load input the value of patch load.
List of nodes - input the list of nodes, which define the outline of patch load polygon.
Input node numbers divided by spaces.
- delete the patch load.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 26

5.4.5 Combinations
To input combinations click navigator command Loads > Combinations.
Combinations of load cases are important for the determination of extreme effects of loads.
Program allows inputting 4 different types of combinations which are used for different
designs and checks.
Each combination can be of type:
ULS Ultimate limit state;
SLS Serviceability limit state characteristic load;
SLS Serviceability limit state quasi-permanent load;
SLS Serviceability limit state frequent load.

Following type of evaluation can be set for the combination:


Linear all load cases in the combination are simply added up, taking into account
defined load case coefficients.
Envelope such combinations are searched, which cause maximal and minimal
values of evaluated magnitude. Defined load case coefficients are taken into account
Code combinations behave similarly to the envelope combinations, but the load
coefficients are generated using the values from the national code. According to
Eurocode following formulas are used:
o For ULS combinations formulas 6.10 or 6.10a,b;
o For SLS Characteristic combination formula 6.14b;
o For SLS Frequent combination formula 6.15b;
o For SLS Quasi-permanent combination formula 6.16b.
The automatically determined load coefficients are multiplied by user defined load
coefficients.
The content (load cases and the appropriate coefficients) of critical combinations, which were
generated from code or envelope combination prescription and caused an extreme of
evaluated magnitude, are printed in results evaluation.

Click above the table to input a new combination into the project.
Columns in the Combinations table:
Name - input the name of combination.
Type select the type of combination.
Evaluation select evaluation type of combination.
- delete the combination.
Load cases are displayed in following columns. Specific value of load coefficient for each
load case in combination can be set.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 27

6 Results
When the structure is defined click Calculate in ribbon group Data modeler to
perform structure analysis.
When the analysis is done all navigator commands in a group Results are available.

6.1 Analysis model


Click navigator command Results > Analysis model to view the slab with the generated
mesh of finite elements.
Ribbon group Model is available.

6.1.1 Ribbon group Model


Individual commands of ribbon group Model:
Mesh switch on/off drawing of a finite elements mesh
Nodes switch on/off drawing of mesh nodes numbers
Elements switch on/off drawing of mesh elements numbers

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 28

6.2 Reactions in supports


Click navigator command Results > Reactions to evaluate values of reactions in supports.
Line supports are converted according to the shape of the mesh into nodal supports. Each
point with a support has its number. The number of supported point can be found in the table
where calculated values of reactions for current load case or combination in global coordinate
system are shown.
Calculated reactions are evaluated:
Graphically slab with numbers of supported nodes is drawn in the Main window.
Textually extreme values of reactions are displayed in the table in the Data window.
If the evaluation is performed for combination, the table with content of critical
combinations is displayed.

Evaluation of reactions is done for current load case or combination which is set in the list in
the ribbon group Reactions.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 29

6.2.1 Ribbon group Reactions


Commands in ribbon group Reaction:
List of loads select load case or combination to
evaluate the reactions in supports.
Evaluation mode if the evaluation is set to
Intensity, one of following modes can be set
o Per node for each supported node the value of intensity per meter is
calculated using the reaction in the node and the half of distance to previous
node of the supported line and half of distance to the following node of the
supported line.
o Linear the values of reactions in nodes are approximated using a linear
regression function. Than the intensity is calculated per each node using the
found function.
o Constant the value of reaction per one meter is calculated for each line
support.
Intensity switch to evaluate the intensities of reactions of line supports.
Reactions switch to evaluate the reactions in nodes of finite elements mesh.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 30

6.3 Deformations
Click navigator command Results > Deformations to evaluate the values of deformation of
the slab.
Calculated deformations are evaluated:
Graphically isobands of selected component of deformation are displayed in the
Main window. The value can be recognized from the color scale in the right side of
the window.
Textually extreme values of deformations and rotations are displayed in the table in
the Data window. If the evaluation is performed for combination, the table with
content of critical combinations is displayed.
Evaluation of deformations is done for current load case or combination.
Ribbon groups Deformations and Results are available.

6.3.1 Ribbon group Deformations


Individual options of ribbon group Deformations:
Uz switch on graphical evaluation of deformation in direction
of global axis Z.
Fix switch on graphical evaluation of rotation around global
axis X.
Fiy switch on graphical evaluation of rotation around global axis Y.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 31

6.3.2 Ribbon group Results


The currently evaluated load case or combination is set in the
list on the ribbon Results. Individual options of ribbon group
Results are:
List of load cases the current load case or
combination is selected from the list.
In centres switch on the evaluation of internal forces in centres of gravity of finite
elements.
In nodes switch on the evaluation of averaged internal forces in nodes of finite
elements.
Maximum switch to draw the envelope of maximal values of evaluated magnitude
for the current combination.
Minimum switch to draw the envelope of minimal values of evaluated magnitude
for the current combination.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 32

6.4 Internal forces


Click navigator command Results > Internal forces to evaluate the values of internal forces
of the slab.
Calculated internal forces are evaluated:
Graphically isobands of selected component of internal force are displayed in the
Main window. The value can be recognized from the color scale in the right side of
the window.
Textually extreme values of internal forces are displayed in the table in the Data
window. If the evaluation is performed for combination, the table with content of
critical combinations is displayed.
Evaluation of internal forces is done for current load case or combination.
Ribbon groups Internal forces and Results are available.

6.4.1 Ribbon group Internal Forces


Individual options of ribbon group Internal Forces:
mx switch on graphical evaluation of bending
moment mx.
my switch on graphical evaluation of bending
moment my.
mxy switch on graphical evaluation of bending moment mxy
vx switch on graphical evaluation of shear force vx
vy switch on graphical evaluation of shear force vy

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 33

6.4.2 Ribbon group Results


See 6.3.2 Ribbon group Results.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 34

7 Design and check of reinforcement


IDEA Slab is a program for static analysis, which calculates internal forces and deformations
caused by applied load.
Design and check of reinforcement and reinforced cross-sections is performed in IDEA RCS.
Program IDEA Slab can prepare complete input data for program IDEA RCS it generates
shapes of cross-sections and extreme combinations of internal forces in required positions.
Commands in navigator group Concrete are used to link IDEA Slab
with IDEA RCS.

7.1 Input of point for concrete check


IDEA RCS performs design and check of concrete slabs in points. To input points of
reinforcement design click navigator command Concrete > Input of points. Points of
reinforcement design are defined in table. Position of point can be specified by several
methods.

Click above the table to add new point of reinforcement design into the project.
Mode of point position determination can be set in column Input mode. One of following
modes can be chosen:
Coordinates position of point for reinforcement design is specified by coordinates
entered in columns X and Y
Node point for reinforcement design is specified by node number entered in column
Number. Corresponding coordinates of point are shown in columns X and Y.
Coordinates can be edited.
Mesh point point for reinforcement design is specified by mesh node number
entered in column Number. Corresponding coordinates of point are shown in columns
X and Y. Coordinates can be edited.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 35

Mesh element - point for reinforcement design is specified by mesh element number
entered in column Number. Corresponding coordinates of mesh element centre of
gravity are shown in columns X and Y. Coordinates can be edited.
To keep the point position after generation of mesh, the input by mesh point and mesh
element is converted to input by coordinate.
Name of reinforced section for IDEA RCS is specified in the column Reinforced section.
Points with the same name of reinforced section are merged during data generation and the
same reinforcement is designed to those points.

7.2 Generation of data for IDEA RCS


To generate data for IDEA RCS click navigator command Concrete > Check. The command
is available if she structure is calculated, combinations of load cases were defined and points
for reinforcement design were defined.
One row in the table represents one extreme of internal forces component found for one
defined point for reinforcement design and caused by one of defined combinations. To
generate data for IDEA RCS click Save to IDEA RCS file above the table Extreme internal
forces.

Such generated data file can be open in IDEA RCS and can be used as manually created data.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 36

Reinforcement into particular sections has to be defined and check of sections can be
performed.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 37

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com
IDEA Slab User Guide 38

8 Report
Input data and calculation results can be printed in report. Report can contain
texts, tables and pictures. Structure of protocol is fixed, it is only possible to
set, which tables and which pictures should be generated.
Use commands in ribbon group Report to set and print the report.
Click Setup to set the content of the report. In dialog Report setup particular items can be
checked to be printed in the report.

Click Preview to start the report generation. Report can be printed to a printer from preview
window.

IDEA RS s.r.o. | South-Moravian Innovation Centre, U Vodrny 2a, 616 00 BRNO


tel.: +420 - 511 205 263, fax: +420 - 541 143 011, www.idea-rs.cz, www.idea-rs.com