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Benzene Separation Process

Problem statement:

Simulation study of flash separation of Benzene and Toluene (thermodynamics study). The feed
mixture of benzene and toluene at 1000 F and 550 psi is preheated and then flashed in two flash
columns to separate out benzene and toluene as pure components. Find the behavior of
temperature and pressure with respect to composition of components.

Components:

Hydrogen
Methane
Benzene
Toluene

Property method:

Peng Robinson method:


Because benzene is a non polar component and benzene-toluene mixture forms an ideally
behaving solution.

Flowsheet:

VAP1

B1 B2
VAP2
FEED COOL

B3

LIQ1

LIQ2
Fig: Benzene separation
Unit
Input Specification:

Stream specification:

Heater
Flash Chamber-1

Flash Chamber-2
T-XY Diagram for benzene-Toluene

The T-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of benzene and toluene
with to mole fraction of more volatile component (toluene) in vapor and liquid phase at constant
P.

P-XY Diagram of Benzene-Toluene system

The P-XY diagram represent the change in the vapor pressure of mixture of benzene and toluene
with to mole fraction of more volatile component (toluene) in vapor and liquid phase at constant
T.

Result:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream ID COOL FEED LIQ1 LIQ2 VAP1 VAP2
From B1 B2 B3 B2 B3
To B2 B1 B3
Phase MIXED VAPOR LIQUID LIQUID VAPOR VAPOR
Substream: MIXED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
HYDRO-01 183.7049 183.7049 .3453393 3.37057E-3 183.3596 .3419687
METHA-01 43.09128 43.09128 .6907993 .0568799 42.40048 .6339194
BENZE-01 43.09128 43.09128 41.30625 41.03394 1.785022 .2723093
TOLUE-01 2.267962 2.267962 2.234774 2.230095 .0331883 4.67876E-3
Total Flow kmol/hr 272.1554 272.1554 44.57717 43.32429 227.5783 1.252876
Total Flow kg/hr 4636.618 4636.618 3444.273 3411.712 1192.344 32.56136
Total Flow l/min 3259.105 8151.250 67.65560 66.26868 2878.053 530.2920
Temperature C 93.33333 537.7778 37.77778 37.68320 37.77778 37.68320
Pressure bar 37.92117 37.92117 34.47379 1.013250 34.47379 1.013250
Vapor Frac .8693269 1.000000 0.0 0.0 1.000000 1.000000
Liquid Frac .1306731 0.0 1.000000 1.000000 0.0 0.0
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol 157.4980 6820.961 11390.91 11851.34 -3073.719 -4530.754
Enthalpy cal/gm 9.244658 400.3698 147.4257 150.4965 -586.6693 -174.3316
Enthalpy cal/sec 11906.65 5.15656E+5 1.41048E+5 1.42625E+5 -1.9431E+5 -1576.798
Entropy cal/mol-K -15.17081 -2.872752 -58.14556 -59.03788 -9.589015 -15.57326
Entropy cal/gm-K -.8904805 -.1686218 -.7525431 -.7497040 -1.830219 -.5992183
Density mol/cc 1.39177E-3 5.56470E-4 .0109813 .0108961 1.31790E-3 3.93769E-5
Density gm/cc .0237111 9.48038E-3 .8484820 .8580504 6.90481E-3 1.02338E-3
Average MW 17.03665 17.03665 77.26542 78.74825 5.239271 25.98929
Liq Vol 60F l/min 270.0149 270.0149 65.80292 64.52186 204.2120 1.281064
Simulation Of Cumene Production Process

Objective: Simulate the flowsheet for production of Cumene.

Problem Statement: The feed is feed at 220 F 36 psi to the reactor, the product is cooled in a
condenser and is flashed to purify the product stream, the recycle stream is sent back to the
reactor. Find the behavior of temperature and pressure with respect to composition of
components.

Components:

Benzene
Propylene
Cumene

Property Method:

RK-SOAVE
Here we use RK-SOAVE method because benzene and propylene forms non polar and
non-Ideal system.

Flowsheet:

54

104 1

2 459 1.00 54

1.00 1 1
1.00
RECY CLE 0.05
REACTOR SEP
FEED COOL
54
REACTOUT COOLOUT
1
0.00
Temperature (C)

Pressure (bar)

Vapor Fraction PRODUCT

Input Specification:
Block Input:

BLOCK: COOL MODEL: HEATER

------------------------------

INLET STREAM: REACTOUT

OUTLET STREAM: COOLOUT

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

TWO PHASE TP FLASH

SPECIFIED TEMPERATURE C 54.4444

PRESSURE DROP BAR 0.0068948

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000

BLOCK: REACTOR MODEL: RSTOIC

------------------------------

INLET STREAMS: FEED RECYCLE

OUTLET STREAM: REACTOUT

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

STOICHIOMETRY MATRIX:

REACTION # 1:
SUBSTREAM MIXED :

BENZE-01 -1.00 PROPY-01 -1.00 ISOPR-01 1.00

REACTION CONVERSION SPECS: NUMBER= 1

REACTION # 1:

SUBSTREAM:MIXED KEY COMP:PROPY-01 CONV FRAC: 0.9000

TWO PHASE PQ FLASH

PRESSURE DROP BAR 0.0

SPECIFIED HEAT DUTY CAL/SEC 0.0

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000

SIMULTANEOUS REACTIONS

GENERATE COMBUSTION REACTIONS FOR FEED SPECIES NO

REACTION EXTENTS:

REACTION REACTION

NUMBER EXTENT

KMOL/HR

1 17.244

BLOCK: SEP MODEL: FLASH2

------------------------------

INLET STREAM: COOLOUT

OUTLET VAPOR STREAM: RECYCLE

OUTLET LIQUID STREAM: PRODUCT

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

TWO PHASE PQ FLASH


SPECIFIED PRESSURE BAR 1.01325

SPECIFIED HEAT DUTY CAL/SEC 0.0

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000


Results:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream ID COOLOUT FEED PRODUCT REACTOUT RECYCLE
From COOL SEP REACTOR SEP
To SEP REACTOR COOL REACTOR
Phase MIXED VAPOR LIQUID VAPOR VAPOR
Substream: MIXED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
BENZE-01 .9221766 18.14369 .8996154 .9221766 .0225611
PROPY-01 1.916009 18.14369 .8995934 1.916009 1.016393
ISOPR-01 17.27521 0.0 17.24408 17.27521 .0311339
Total Flow kmol/hr 20.11340 36.28739 19.04329 20.11340 1.070089
Total Flow kg/hr 2229.043 2180.768 2180.767 2229.043 48.27495
Total Flow l/min 524.1466 7385.078 44.15241 20022.69 473.7182
Temperature C 54.44444 104.4444 54.47440 458.5555 54.47440
Pressure bar 1.006355 2.482113 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250
Vapor Frac .0535432 1.000000 0.0 1.000000 1.000000
Liquid Frac .9464568 0.0 1.000000 0.0 0.0
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol -6128.373 13809.72 -6782.127 25207.57 5505.483
Enthalpy cal/gm -55.29834 229.7899 -59.22410 227.4563 122.0375
Enthalpy cal/sec -34239.56 1.39200E+5 -35876.11 1.40836E+5 1636.487
Entropy cal/mol-K -115.8384 -31.58315 -120.4277 -50.83404 -34.18416
Entropy cal/gm-K -1.045249 -.5255350 -1.051621 -.4586924 -.7577445
Density mol/cc 6.39560E-4 8.18935E-5 7.18847E-3 1.67422E-5 3.76486E-5
Density gm/cc .0708784 4.92156E-3 .8231968 1.85543E-3 1.69844E-3
Average MW 110.8238 60.09714 114.5163 110.8238 45.11304
Liq Vol 60F l/min 43.97971 51.21533 42.50454 43.97971 1.475140
P-XY Diagram of Benzene and propylene

The P-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of benzene and
Propylene with to mole fraction of more volatile component (propylene) in vapor and liquid
phase at constant T.

T-XY Diagram of Benzene and propylene


The T-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of benzene and
Propylene with to mole fraction of more volatile component (Propylene) in vapor and liquid
phase at constant P.
Open Loop Simulation of Ammonia Synthesis
Objective:
Build an ammonia open loop synthesis simulation and approximate the kinetic based
heterogeneous reaction into equilibrium reaction.

Problem Statement: Syngas is compressed at 274.1 atm and preheated up to 755 K and feed to a
reactor where ammonia is produced. The product stream is first cooled to 300 K and then is
flashed to purify the stream. Complete the heat and material balance.

Components:
Ammonia
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Argon
Carbon monoxide
Methane

Property method selection:


RKS-BM: Methane is non-polar so the mixture forms non ideal solution.

Flow sheet:

SYNGAS

B1 OFFGAS

B2
B3 B4
2 3 4 B6
B5
5 6

LIQNH3

Fig. 1 Ammonia synthesis


open-loop
Inputs:
Stream- syngas:

Compressor:
Heater-1:

Reactor (Rstoic):

Reaction:
Heater-2:

Flash chamber:
RESULTS:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream I D 2 3 4 5 6 LI QNH3 OFFGAS SYNGAS
From B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B6
To B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B1
Phase VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR MI XED LI QUI D VAPOR VAPOR
Substream: MI XED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
NI TRO-01 1732.000 1732.000 1732.000 1039.200 1039.200 9.757175 1029.443 1732.000
HYDRO-01 5160.000 5160.000 5160.000 3081.600 3081.600 15.89604 3065.704 5160.000
METHA-01 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 2.890439 69.10956 72.00000
ARGON 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 .5213774 18.47862 19.00000
CARBO-01 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 .1756640 16.82434 17.00000
AMMON-01 0.0 0.0 0.0 1385.600 1385.600 995.1980 390.4020 0.0
Total Flow kmol/hr 7000.000 7000.000 7000.000 5614.400 5614.400 1024.439 4589.961 7000.000
Total Flow kg/hr 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 17326.28 43985.28 61311.56
Total Flow l/min 45815.28 45815.28 28739.45 23315.62 8596.651 597.6896 7998.960 2.04581E+5
Temperature C 970.2655 970.2655 481.8500 481.8500 26.85000 26.84995 26.84995 279.8500
Pressure bar 277.7318 277.7318 277.7318 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 26.51675
Vapor Frac 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 .8175340 0.0 1.000000 1.000000
Liquid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 .1824660 1.000000 0.0 0.0
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol 6762.472 6762.472 3109.182 652.0605 -3927.853 -15484.07 -1348.610 1549.078
Enthalpy cal/gm 772.0781 772.0781 354.9783 59.71026 -359.6800 -915.5157 -140.7305 176.8597
Enthalpy cal/sec 1.31493E+7 1.31493E+7 6.04563E+6 1.01693E+6 -6.1257E+6 -4.4062E+6 -1.7195E+6 3.01210E+6
Entropy cal/mol-K .2522903 .2522903 -3.469231 -7.828620 -17.81638 -44.23291 -11.92045 -1.021955
Entropy cal/gm-K .0288042 .0288042 -.3960854 -.7168796 -1.631475 -2.615329 -1.243925 -.1166776
Density mol/cc 2.54646E-3 2.54646E-3 4.05946E-3 4.01333E-3 .0108848 .0285666 9.56366E-3 5.70271E-4
Density gm/cc .0223038 .0223038 .0355559 .0438272 .1188671 .4831459 .0916479 4.99489E-3
Average MW 8.758794 8.758794 8.758794 10.92041 10.92041 16.91294 9.582931 8.758794
Liq Vol 60F l/min 6248.410 6248.410 6248.410 5011.582 5011.582 914.4447 4097.137 6248.410
Closed Loop Simulation of Ammonia Synthesis
Objective:
Build an ammonia Closed loop synthesis simulation and approximate the kinetic based
heterogeneous reaction into equilibrium reaction.

Problem Statement: Syngas is compressed at 274.1 atm and is mixed with the recycle feed; it is
then preheated up to 755 K and feed to a reactor where ammonia is produced. The product
stream is first cooled to 300 K and then is flashed to purify the stream; the off gas is compressed
and recycled back to the mixer. Complete the heat and material balance.

Components:
Ammonia
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Argon
Carbon monoxide
Methane
Property method selection:
RKS-BM
Justification: Methane is non-polar so the mixture forms non ideal solution.

Flow sheet:

Fig. 2 Ammonia synthesis


close-loop
Inputs:
Stream- syngas:

Compressor:
Heater-1:

Reactor (Rstoic):

Reaction:
Heater-2:

Flash chamber:
Compressor-2
RESULTS:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream I D 2 3 4 5 6 LI QNH3 OFFGAS SYNGAS
From B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B6
To B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B1
Phase VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR MI XED LI QUI D VAPOR VAPOR
Substream: MI XED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
NI TRO-01 1732.000 1732.000 1732.000 1039.200 1039.200 9.757175 1029.443 1732.000
HYDRO-01 5160.000 5160.000 5160.000 3081.600 3081.600 15.89604 3065.704 5160.000
METHA-01 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 2.890439 69.10956 72.00000
ARGON 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 .5213774 18.47862 19.00000
CARBO-01 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 .1756640 16.82434 17.00000
AMMON-01 0.0 0.0 0.0 1385.600 1385.600 995.1980 390.4020 0.0
Total Flow kmol/hr 7000.000 7000.000 7000.000 5614.400 5614.400 1024.439 4589.961 7000.000
Total Flow kg/hr 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 17326.28 43985.28 61311.56
Total Flow l/min 45815.28 45815.28 28739.45 23315.62 8596.651 597.6896 7998.960 2.04581E+5
Temperature C 970.2655 970.2655 481.8500 481.8500 26.85000 26.84995 26.84995 279.8500
Pressure bar 277.7318 277.7318 277.7318 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 26.51675
Vapor Frac 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 .8175340 0.0 1.000000 1.000000
Liquid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 .1824660 1.000000 0.0 0.0
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol 6762.472 6762.472 3109.182 652.0605 -3927.853 -15484.07 -1348.610 1549.078
Enthalpy cal/gm 772.0781 772.0781 354.9783 59.71026 -359.6800 -915.5157 -140.7305 176.8597
Enthalpy cal/sec 1.31493E+7 1.31493E+7 6.04563E+6 1.01693E+6 -6.1257E+6 -4.4062E+6 -1.7195E+6 3.01210E+6
Entropy cal/mol-K .2522903 .2522903 -3.469231 -7.828620 -17.81638 -44.23291 -11.92045 -1.021955
Entropy cal/gm-K .0288042 .0288042 -.3960854 -.7168796 -1.631475 -2.615329 -1.243925 -.1166776
Density mol/cc 2.54646E-3 2.54646E-3 4.05946E-3 4.01333E-3 .0108848 .0285666 9.56366E-3 5.70271E-4
Density gm/cc .0223038 .0223038 .0355559 .0438272 .1188671 .4831459 .0916479 4.99489E-3
Average MW 8.758794 8.758794 8.758794 10.92041 10.92041 16.91294 9.582931 8.758794
Liq Vol 60F l/min 6248.410 6248.410 6248.410 5011.582 5011.582 914.4447 4097.137 6248.410
Economic Analysis of Closed Loop Ammonia Synthesis
Process
Objective:
Undertake an economic analysis in Aspen of the ammonia Close loop synthesis simulation learnt
in earlier classes.

Problem Statement: Syngas is compressed at 274.1 atm and is mixed with the recycle feed; it is
then preheated up to 755 K and feed to a reactor where ammonia is produced. The product
stream is first cooled to 300 K and then is flashed to purify the stream; the off gas is compressed
and recycled back to the mixer. Do the economic analysis of the closed loop for ammonia
synthesis.

Components:
Ammonia
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Argon
Carbon monoxide
Methane
Property method selection:
RKS-BM: Methane is non-polar so the mixture forms non ideal solution.

Flow sheet:

Fig. 2 Ammonia synthesis


close-loop
Inputs:
Stream- syngas:

Compressor:
Heater-1:

Reactor (Rstoic):

Reaction:
Heater-2:

Flash chamber:
Compressor-2
RESULTS:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream I D 2 3 4 5 6 LI QNH3 OFFGAS SYNGAS
From B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B6
To B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B1
Phase VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR MI XED LI QUI D VAPOR VAPOR
Substream: MI XED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
NI TRO-01 1732.000 1732.000 1732.000 1039.200 1039.200 9.757175 1029.443 1732.000
HYDRO-01 5160.000 5160.000 5160.000 3081.600 3081.600 15.89604 3065.704 5160.000
METHA-01 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 72.00000 2.890439 69.10956 72.00000
ARGON 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 19.00000 .5213774 18.47862 19.00000
CARBO-01 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 17.00000 .1756640 16.82434 17.00000
AMMON-01 0.0 0.0 0.0 1385.600 1385.600 995.1980 390.4020 0.0
Total Flow kmol/hr 7000.000 7000.000 7000.000 5614.400 5614.400 1024.439 4589.961 7000.000
Total Flow kg/hr 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 61311.56 17326.28 43985.28 61311.56
Total Flow l/min 45815.28 45815.28 28739.45 23315.62 8596.651 597.6896 7998.960 2.04581E+5
Temperature C 970.2655 970.2655 481.8500 481.8500 26.85000 26.84995 26.84995 279.8500
Pressure bar 277.7318 277.7318 277.7318 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 273.5775 26.51675
Vapor Frac 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 .8175340 0.0 1.000000 1.000000
Liquid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 .1824660 1.000000 0.0 0.0
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol 6762.472 6762.472 3109.182 652.0605 -3927.853 -15484.07 -1348.610 1549.078
Enthalpy cal/gm 772.0781 772.0781 354.9783 59.71026 -359.6800 -915.5157 -140.7305 176.8597
Enthalpy cal/sec 1.31493E+7 1.31493E+7 6.04563E+6 1.01693E+6 -6.1257E+6 -4.4062E+6 -1.7195E+6 3.01210E+6
Entropy cal/mol-K .2522903 .2522903 -3.469231 -7.828620 -17.81638 -44.23291 -11.92045 -1.021955
Entropy cal/gm-K .0288042 .0288042 -.3960854 -.7168796 -1.631475 -2.615329 -1.243925 -.1166776
Density mol/cc 2.54646E-3 2.54646E-3 4.05946E-3 4.01333E-3 .0108848 .0285666 9.56366E-3 5.70271E-4
Density gm/cc .0223038 .0223038 .0355559 .0438272 .1188671 .4831459 .0916479 4.99489E-3
Average MW 8.758794 8.758794 8.758794 10.92041 10.92041 16.91294 9.582931 8.758794
Liq Vol 60F l/min 6248.410 6248.410 6248.410 5011.582 5011.582 914.4447 4097.137 6248.410

Economic Analysis:
Summary
Name Summary
Total Capital Cost [USD] 19282500
Total Operating Cost [USD/Year] 184833000
Total Raw Materials Cost [USD/Year] 139713000
Total Product Sales [USD/Year] 288773000
Total Utilities Cost [USD/Year] 29423800
Desired Rate of Return [Percent/'Year] 20
P.O. Period [Year] 2.59875
Equipment Cost [USD] 13171900
Total Installed Cost [USD] 15434500
Utilities
Cost per
Name Fluid Rate Rate Units Hour Cost Units
19806.95
Electricity 3 KW 1386.48671 USD/H
MMGAL/
Cooling Water Water 0.297365 H 35.6838 USD/H
AP-UTIL-WATER Water 20841300 LB/H 237.59082 USD/H

Equipme Installe
Equipme Installe nt d
nt Cost d Cost Weight Weight
Name [USD] [USD] [LBS] [LBS] Sizing Errors Evaluation Errors
M-
100 0 0 0 0
C- 141020
101 1076600 0 14300 69702
FLS
H-
100-
flash
vesse
l 263900 514200 156200 200016
C- 550480
100 4982000 0 126600 221719
ERROR> 'FU - 5'
MATERIAL
SPECIFIED IS
INADEQUATE FOR
E- 556390 DESIGN
100 5424900 0 0 41634 CONDITIONS
ERROR> 'AT - 6'
QUESTION MARK
FOUND IN
NUMERIC DATA
ERROR> 'AT - 6'
Vessel capacity EITHER CAPACITY
cannot be OR
calculated. DIAMETER+HEIG
R- Please check HT MUST BE
100 stream flows. SPECIFIED
E-
102 198900 337700 68900 103392
E- 210370
101 1225600 0 195400 282824
S-100 0 0 0 0

C
Name C M-100 C S-100
User tag number M-100 S-100
Equipment mapped from 'M- Equipment mapped from
Remarks 1 100'. 'S-100'.
Code of account 100 100
Total cost per unit [USD]
Icarus/User COA option
Material cost per unit [USD] 0 0
Currency unit for matl cost
Labor hours per unit [HOURS]
Number of identical items
Installation option
Unit of measure
Quantity
Quantity adjustment option
Item classification
Item type
Material
Component weight [LBS]
ID in bulk report

DGC CENTRIF
Name DGC CENTRIF C-101 DGC CENTRIF C-100
User tag number C-101 C-100
Equipment mapped from 'C- Equipment mapped from
Remarks 1 101'. 'C-100'.
Quoted cost per item [USD]
Currency unit for matl cost
Number of identical items
Installation option
Casing material
Actual gas flow rate Inlet
[CFM] 863.130354 3935.448
Design gauge pressure Inlet
[PSIG] 2924.31943 369.8742
Design temperature Inlet [DEG
F] 80.330029 80.33
Design gauge pressure Outlet 2939.01451 2939.015
[PSIG]
Compressor speed
Driver power [HP] 76.741438 26150.77
Molecular weight 13.56317 8.758794
Specific heat ratio 1.56196 1.414512
Compressibility factor Inlet 1.065097 1.015576
Compressibility factor Outlet 1.065981 1.078309
Driver type MOTOR MOTOR
Turbine gauge pressure [PSIG]
Lube oil system
Allow resize

DVT CYLINDER
DVT CYLINDER FLSH-
Name 100-flash vessel
User tag number FLSH-100-flash vessel
Equipment mapped from
Remarks 1 'FLSH-100'.
Quoted cost per item [USD]
Currency unit for matl cost
Number of identical items
Installation option
Application
Shell material
Liquid volume [GALLONS] 4964.85129
Vessel diameter [FEET] 6.5
Vessel tangent to tangent height
[FEET] 20
Design gauge pressure [PSIG] 3071.2702
Vacuum design gauge pressure
[PSIG]
Design temperature [DEG F] 250
Operating temperature [DEG F] 80.330029
Skirt height [FEET]
Vessel leg height [FEET]
Wind or seismic design
Fluid volume [PERCENT]
Base material thickness
[INCHES]
Corrosion allowance [INCHES]
Cladding material
Cladding thickness [INCHES]
Head type
ASME design basis
Allow resize

EFU VERTICAL
Name EFU VERTICAL E-100
User tag number E-100
Equipment mapped from 'E-
Remarks 1 100'.
Quoted cost per item [USD]
Currency unit for matl cost
Number of identical items
Installation option
Material
Duty [MMBTU/H] 216.155337
Standard gas flow rate [CFM] 1990.39712
Process type GAS
Design gauge pressure [PSIG] 3086.70003
Design temperature [DEG F] 949.33
Allow resize

DAT REACTOR
Name DAT REACTOR R-100
User tag number R-100
Equipment mapped from 'R-
Remarks 1 100'.
Quoted cost per item [USD]
Currency unit for matl cost
Number of identical items
Installation option
Application
Shell material
Liquid volume [GALLONS] ?
Vessel diameter [FEET]
Vessel tangent to tangent height
[FEET]
Design gauge pressure [PSIG]
Vacuum design gauge pressure
[PSIG]
Design temperature [DEG F]
Operating temperature [DEG F]
Jacket design gauge pressure
[PSIG]
Jacket type
Jacket material
Agitator power [HP]
Driver type
Cladding material
Skirt or leg height [FEET]
Base material thickness
[INCHES]
Corrosion allowance [INCHES]
Cladding thickness [INCHES]
Fluid depth [FEET]
Fluid density [PCF]
Fluid viscosity [CPOISE]
Impeller type
Impeller diameter [FEET]
Number of impellers
Impeller speed
Reynolds number
Power function
Allow resize

DHE TEMA EXCH


Name DHE TEMA EXCH E-102 DHE TEMA EXCH E-101
User tag number E-102 E-101
Equipment mapped from 'E- Equipment mapped from
Remarks 1 102'. 'E-101'.
Quoted cost per item [USD]
Currency unit for matl cost
Number of identical items 1 1
Installation option
Heat transfer area [SF] 8514.6692 3705.703
Number of shells
Front end TEMA symbol B B
Shell TEMA symbol E E
Rear end TEMA symbol M M
Heat exchanger design option
Tube material
Tube design gauge pressure
[PSIG] 275.017446 2042.615
Tube design temperature [DEG
F] 586 949.33
Tube operating temperature
[DEG F] 95 0
Tube outside diameter 1 1
[INCHES]
Shell material
Shell design gauge pressure
[PSIG] 419.874169 3071.27
Shell design temperature [DEG
F] 586 949.33
Shell operating temperature
[DEG F] 536 899.33
Tube side pipe material
Shell side pipe material
Number of tubes per shell
Tube length extended [FEET] 20 20
Tube gauge
Tube pitch [INCHES] 1.25 1.25
Shell diameter [INCHES]
Shell wall thickness [INCHES]
Shell corrosion allowance
[INCHES]
Expansion joint
Tube sheet material
Number of tube passes 1 1
Number of shell passes 1 1
Heat exchanger design tool
Allow resize
Methanol water
Problem Statement: The feed mixture was separated by flashing to produce product streams of
methanol and water. Find the behavior of temperature and pressure with respect to composition
of components.

Component:

Water
Methanol

Property method:

NRTL-RK:
Here we use the NRTL-RK method because methanol is a polar component.

Flow sheet:

65
1
65 0.00
1 B1

0.00 OVHD
93
1
FEED
0.00

BTMS

T emperature (C)

Pressure (bar)

Vapor Fraction
Input specification:

Block 1:

Configuration:
Stream:

Pressure:
Results:

Stream table:

Heat and Material Balance T able


Stream I D BTMS FEED OVHD
From B1 B1
To B1
Phase LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D
Substream: MI XED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
MET HANOL 4.615422 100.0000 95.38458
WAT ER 95.38458 100.0000 4.615422
T otal Flow kmol/hr 100.0000 200.0000 100.0000
T otal Flow kg/hr 1866.268 5005.744 3139.476
T otal Flow l/min 34.43760 103.9013 70.02699
T emperature C 92.94674 65.00000 64.91531
Pressure bar 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000
Vapor Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0
Liquid Frac 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol -66499.32 -61824.95 -56531.77
Enthalpy cal/gm -3563.224 -2470.160 -1800.675
Enthalpy cal/sec -1.8472E+6 -3.4347E+6 -1.5703E+6
Entropy cal/mol-K -35.78556 -44.70144 -53.38945
Entropy cal/gm-K -1.917493 -1.786006 -1.700585
Density mol/cc .0483967 .0320817 .0238003
Density gm/cc .9032124 .8029645 .7472062
Average MW 18.66268 25.02872 31.39476
Liq Vol 60F l/min 31.79755 97.30767 65.51012
Graphs:

Temperature profile of column B1


Block B1: Temperature Profile
95
Temperature C

90

85

80
TemperatureC

75

70

65

60
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Stage

The temperature rises almost linearly up to stage 7, after that it shows a sudden rise up to the
final stage 9.

Composition profile of the column B1:


Block B1: Liquid CompositionProfiles
1.0
METHANOL (mole fraction)
WATER (mole fraction)

0.8

0.6
X(molefraction)

0.4

0.2

0.0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Stage

The Circled line shows the mole fraction of methanol which is decreasing with increase in no. of
stages.
The Square line shows the mole fraction of water which is increasing with increase in no. of
stages.
At stage 6, the composition of both components is equal.

P-XY Diagram of Methanol-Water system:


The P-XY diagram represents the change in the vapor pressure of mixture of Methanol-Water
with respect to mole fraction of more volatile component (methanol) in vapor and liquid phase at
constant T

The T-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of Methanol-Water with
respect to mole fraction of more volatile component (methanol) in vapor and liquid phase at
constant P.
Simulation of Different Type of Reactors

Objective: Compare the use of different reactor types for the given model reaction.

Problem Statement: The feed is fed into four different reactors and the product composition
with respect to temperature and pressure is compared.

Components:

Water
Ethanol
Acetic Acid

Property Method:

NRTL-HOC: Ethanol is a polar component, thus it will form an non- ideal mixture.

Flowsheet:

70
1
0.00
B1

70
1
70
70 1
1 B2
70 1 1.00
RSTOIC 0.00
1 0.00
0.00 2
70
70
RGIBBS
B5 1
FEED 1
B3 0.00
DUPL
0.00

70 70
3
RPLUG
1 1

0.00 0.00

B4
RCSTR 4
Input Specification:

Report (Input):

BLOCK: B2 MODEL: RGIBBS

------------------------------

INLET STREAM: RGIBBS

OUTLET STREAM: 2

PROPERTY OPTION SET: NRTL-HOC RENON (NRTL) / HAYDEN-O'CONNELL

*** INPUT DATA ***

EQUILIBRIUM SPECIFICATIONS:

ONLY CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM IS CONSIDERED, THE FLUID PHASE IS VAPOR

SYSTEM TEMPERATURE C 70.000

TEMPERATURE FOR FREE ENERGY EVALUATION C 70.000

SYSTEM PRESSURE BAR 1.0132

FLUID PHASE SPECIES IN PRODUCT LIST:


ETHAN-01 ACETI-01 WATER ETHYL-01

BLOCK: B3 MODEL: RPLUG

-----------------------------

INLET STREAM: RPLUG

OUTLET STREAM: 3

PROPERTY OPTION SET: NRTL-HOC RENON (NRTL) / HAYDEN-O'CONNELL

*** INPUT DATA ***

REACTOR TYPE:

SPECIFIED TEMPERATURE

LIQUID FLUID PHASE

REACTOR TUBE LENGTH METER 2.0000

REACTOR DIAMETER METER 0.30000

REACTOR RISE METER 0.0000

NUMBER OF REACTOR TUBES 1

REACTOR VOLUME L 141.37

PRESSURE DROP OPTION: SPECIFIED

HOLDUP OPTION: NO-SLIP

ERROR TOLERANCE 0.10000E-03

INTEGRATION METHOD GEAR

CORRECTOR METHOD NEWTON

INITIAL STEP SIZE FACTOR 0.10000E-01

CORRECTOR TOLERANCE FACTOR 0.10000

MAXIMUM NUMBER OF STEPS 1000


TEMPERATURE PROFILES:

RELATIVE LOCATION TEMPERATURE

0.0000 70.000 C

REACTION PARAGRAPH ID: R-1 TYPE: POWERLAW

GLOBAL BASES:

KBASIS MOLE-GAMMA

CBASIS MOLARITY

SBASIS GLOBAL

STOICHIOMETRY:

REACTION NUMBER: 1

SUBSTREAM: MIXED

ETHAN-01 -1.0000 ACETI-01 -1.0000 WATER 1.0000 ETHYL-01


1.0000

REACTION NUMBER: 2

SUBSTREAM: MIXED

ETHAN-01 1.0000 ACETI-01 1.0000 WATER -1.0000 ETHYL-01


-1.0000

BLOCK: B4 MODEL: RCSTR

-----------------------------

INLET STREAM: RCSTR

OUTLET STREAM: 4

PROPERTY OPTION SET: NRTL-HOC RENON (NRTL) / HAYDEN-O'CONNELL

*** INPUT DATA ***


REACTOR TYPE: TEMP SPEC LIQUID PHASE REACTOR

REACTOR VOLUME L 140.00

REACTOR TEMPERATURE C 70.000

REACTOR PRESSURE BAR 1.0132

REACTION PARAGRAPH ID: R-1 TYPE: POWERLAW

GLOBAL BASES:

KBASIS MOLE-GAMMA

CBASIS MOLARITY

SBASIS GLOBAL

STOICHIOMETRY:

REACTION NUMBER: 1

SUBSTREAM: MIXED

ETHAN-01 -1.0000 ACETI-01 -1.0000 WATER 1.0000 ETHYL-01


1.0000

REACTION NUMBER: 2

SUBSTREAM: MIXED

ETHAN-01 1.0000 ACETI-01 1.0000 WATER -1.0000 ETHYL-01


-1.0000

REAC-DATA ENTRIES:

REACTION NO TYPE PHASE DELT BASIS

1 KINETIC L 0.0000 MOLARITY

2 KINETIC L 0.0000 MOLARITY


RATE PARAMETERS:

REACTION NO PREEXP. FACTOR ACT. ENERGY TEMP. EXPONENT REF. TEMP

CAL/MOL C

1 0.19000E+09 14211. 0.0000

2 0.50000E+08 14211. 0.0000

BLOCK: B1 MODEL: RSTOIC

------------------------------

INLET STREAM: RSTOIC

OUTLET STREAM: 1

PROPERTY OPTION SET: NRTL-HOC RENON (NRTL) / HAYDEN-O'CONNELL

*** INPUT DATA ***

STOICHIOMETRY MATRIX:

REACTION # 1:

SUBSTREAM MIXED : ETHAN-01 -1.00 ACETI-01 -1.00 WATER 1.00


ETHYL-01 1.00

REACTION CONVERSION SPECS: NUMBER= 1

REACTION # 1:

SUBSTREAM:MIXED KEY COMP:ETHAN-01 CONV FRAC: 0.7000

TWO PHASE TP FLASH

SPECIFIED TEMPERATURE C 70.0000

SPECIFIED PRESSURE BAR 1.01325

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000

SIMULTANEOUS REACTIONS
GENERATE COMBUSTION REACTIONS FOR FEED SPECIES NO

REACTION EXTENTS:

REACTION REACTION

NUMBER EXTENT

KMOL/HR

1 130.61

V-L PHASE EQUILIBRIUM :

COMP F(I) X(I) Y(I) K(I)

ETHAN-01 0.14424 0.14424 0.15033 0.86505

ACETI-01 0.15973 0.15973 0.13931E-01 0.72390E-01

WATER 0.35947 0.35947 0.29665 0.68493

ETHYL-01 0.33656 0.33656 0.53909 1.3294

Results:
Heat and Material Balance Table

Stream I D 1 2 3 4 FEED RCSTR RGIBBS RPLUG RSTOI C


From B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B5 B5 B5
To B5 B4 B2 B3 B1
Phase LI QUI D VAPOR LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D LI QUI D
Substream: MI XED

Mole Flow kmol/hr


ETHAN-01 55.97700 24.98869 124.1195 124.7256 186.5900 186.5900 186.5900 186.5900 186.5900
ACETI -01 61.98700 30.99869 130.1295 130.7356 192.6000 192.6000 192.6000 192.6000 192.6000
WATER 139.5050 170.4933 71.36247 70.75640 8.892000 8.892000 8.892000 8.892000 8.892000
ETHYL-01 130.6130 161.6013 62.47047 61.86440 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Total Flow kmol/hr 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820 388.0820
Total Flow kg/hr 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34 20322.34
Total Flow l/min 388.9707 1.71881E+5 388.7249 388.7174 387.4703 387.4703 387.4703 387.4703 387.4703
Temperature C 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000 70.00000
Pressure bar 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250 1.013250

Vapor Frac 0.0 1.000000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Liquid Frac 1.000000 0.0 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol -89494.85 -81147.69 -89493.32 -89493.34 -89485.32 -89485.32 -89485.32 -89485.32 -89485.32
Enthalpy cal/gm -1709.023 -1549.623 -1708.994 -1708.994 -1708.841 -1708.841 -1708.841 -1708.841 -1708.841
Enthalpy cal/sec -9.6476E+6 -8.7478E+6 -9.6474E+6 -9.6474E+6 -9.6466E+6 -9.6466E+6 -9.6466E+6 -9.6466E+6 -9.6466E+6
Entropy cal/mol-K -70.94760 -47.26732 -71.40396 -71.41267 -72.94988 -72.94988 -72.94988 -72.94988 -72.94988
Entropy cal/gm-K -1.354839 -.9026323 -1.363553 -1.363720 -1.393075 -1.393075 -1.393075 -1.393075 -1.393075
Density mol/cc .0166285 3.76309E-5 .0166391 .0166394 .0166929 .0166929 .0166929 .0166929 .0166929
Density gm/cc .8707740 1.97058E-3 .8713247 .8713416 .8741460 .8741460 .8741460 .8741460 .8741460

Average MW 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609 52.36609
Liq Vol 60F l/min 370.4059 370.8404 369.4505 369.4420 368.5747 368.5747 368.5747 368.5747 368.5747
SIMULATION OF PRODUCTION OF VINYL
CHLORIDE MONOMER

Objective: To simulate the production of Vinyl Chloride Monomer from Dichloroethane at given
conditions.

Problem: VCM is produced through a high pressure non-catalytic process involving the
pyrolysis of 1,2-dichloroethane(EDC) according to the following reaction

CH2Cl-CH2Cl HCl + CHCl=CH 2


EDC VCM

The cracking of EDC occurs at 500C and 30 bar in a direct fired furnace. 1000 Kmol/hr of pure
EDC feed enters the reactor at 20C and 30 bar. EDC conversion in the reactor is maintained at
55%. The hot gases from the reactor are sub cooled by 10C before fractionation. Two distillation
columns are used for the purification of the VCM product in the first column, anhydrous HCl is
removed overhead and sent to the chlorination unit. In the second column VCM product is
removed overhead and the bottoms stream containing overhead EDC is recycled back to the
furnace. Overheads from both columns are removed as saturated liquids. The HCl column is run
at 25 bar and the VCM column is run at 8 bar. Use the RK-SOAVE property method.

Components:

Dichloroethane
Vinylchloride Monomer
Hydrochloric Acid

Property Method:

RK-SOAVE: Dichloroethane is a non-polar component so a non-ideal system is formed.


Flowsheet:

B4
B3 VCM
HCL
B1 B2
FEED COOLOUT
ROUT
COLOUT

RE

RECY CLE

B5

Input Specification:

Block Input:

BLOCK: B1 MODEL: RSTOIC

------------------------------

INLET STREAMS: FEED RE

OUTLET STREAM: ROUT

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

STOICHIOMETRY MATRIX:
REACTION # 1:

SUBSTREAM MIXED :

1:2-D-01 -1.00 HYDRO-01 1.00 VINYL-01 1.00

REACTION CONVERSION SPECS: NUMBER= 1

REACTION # 1:

SUBSTREAM:MIXED KEY COMP:1:2-D-01 CONV FRAC: 0.5500

TWO PHASE TP FLASH

SPECIFIED TEMPERATURE C 500.000

SPECIFIED PRESSURE BAR 30.0000

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000

SIMULTANEOUS REACTIONS

GENERATE COMBUSTION REACTIONS FOR FEED SPECIES NO

BLOCK: B2 MODEL: HEATER

------------------------------

INLET STREAM: ROUT

OUTLET STREAM: COOLOUT

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

TWO PHASE TP FLASH

SPECIFIED DEGREES OF SUBCOOLING C 10.0000

PRESSURE-DROP CORRELATION PARAMETER 0.50000

MAXIMUM NO. ITERATIONS 30

CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000


BLOCK: B3 MODEL: RADFRAC

-------------------------------

INLETS - COOLOUT STAGE 8

OUTLETS - HCL STAGE 1

COLOUT STAGE 15

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

**********************

**** INPUT DATA ****

**********************

**** INPUT PARAMETERS ****

NUMBER OF STAGES 15

ALGORITHM OPTION STANDARD

ABSORBER OPTION NO

INITIALIZATION OPTION STANDARD

HYDRAULIC PARAMETER CALCULATIONS NO

INSIDE LOOP CONVERGENCE METHOD BROYDEN

DESIGN SPECIFICATION METHOD NESTED

MAXIMUM NO. OF OUTSIDE LOOP ITERATIONS 25

MAXIMUM NO. OF INSIDE LOOP ITERATIONS 10

MAXIMUM NUMBER OF FLASH ITERATIONS 30

FLASH TOLERANCE 0.000100000

OUTSIDE LOOP CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000

**** COL-SPECS ****


MOLAR VAPOR DIST / TOTAL DIST 0.0

MOLAR REFLUX RATIO 1.08200

DISTILLATE TO FEED RATIO 0.35400

**** PROFILES ****

P-SPEC STAGE 1 PRES, BAR 25.0000

**********************

**** INPUT DATA ****

**********************

**** INPUT PARAMETERS ****

NUMBER OF STAGES 10

ALGORITHM OPTION STANDARD

ABSORBER OPTION NO

INITIALIZATION OPTION STANDARD

HYDRAULIC PARAMETER CALCULATIONS NO

INSIDE LOOP CONVERGENCE METHOD BROYDEN

DESIGN SPECIFICATION METHOD NESTED

MAXIMUM NO. OF OUTSIDE LOOP ITERATIONS 25

MAXIMUM NO. OF INSIDE LOOP ITERATIONS 10

MAXIMUM NUMBER OF FLASH ITERATIONS 30

FLASH TOLERANCE 0.000100000

OUTSIDE LOOP CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE 0.000100000


**** COL-SPECS ****

MOLAR VAPOR DIST / TOTAL DIST 0.0

MOLAR REFLUX RATIO 0.96900

DISTILLATE TO FEED RATIO 0.55000

**** PROFILES ****

P-SPEC STAGE 1 PRES, BAR 8.00000

BLOCK: B5 MODEL: PUMP

----------------------------

INLET STREAM: RECYCLE

OUTLET STREAM: RE

PROPERTY OPTION SET: RK-SOAVE STANDARD RKS EQUATION OF STATE

*** INPUT DATA ***

OUTLET PRESSURE BAR 30.0000

DRIVER EFFICIENCY 1.00000

FLASH SPECIFICATIONS:

LIQUID PHASE CALCULATION

NO FLASH PERFORMED

MAXIMUM NUMBER OF ITERATIONS 30

TOLERANCE 0.000100000
Result:

Temperature profile of block 3:

Up to stage 3 there is no change in temperature. From stage 4 it rises steadily up to stage 12. It again is
constant for next two stages and after this it suddenly rises.

Composition Profile of the component:

The dot line shows that liquid mole fraction of 1, 2 dichloromethane is zero up to stage 6 and then it
suddenly rise up to next stage and then it is constant till the last stage.
The square line shows that the liquid mole faction of hydrogen is linearly decreasing up to 12 after which
it is consumed.
The diamond line shows that linearly increase up to stage 7 then it decreases for one stage and rise to
gradually decrease again.
The Triangle line shows that vapor mole fraction of 1, 2 dichloromethane is zero up to stage 8 and then it
shows constant minute rise up to the last stage.
The delta line shows that the vapor mole faction of hydrogen is slightly decreasing up to 8 after which it
is continuously decrease.
The circled line gradually increasing up to stage 8 and after these suddenly increase up to the stage 12 and
after this it is constant.
Heat and Material balance table:

Heat and Material Balance Table


Stream I D COLOUT COOLOUT FEED HCL RE RECYCLE ROUT VCM
From B3 B2 B3 B5 B4 B1 B4
To B4 B3 B1 B1 B5 B2
Phase LIQUID LIQUID LIQUI D LIQUID LIQUI D LIQUI D VAPOR LIQUI D
Substream: MIXED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
1:2-D-01 815.7023 815.7023 1000.000 2.3343E-10 812.6715 812.6715 815.7023 3.030813
HYDRO-01 1.547846 996.9695 0.0 995.4217 1.45664E-5 1.45664E-5 996.9695 1.547831
VINYL-01 1001.504 1002.737 0.0 1.233165 5.767916 5.767916 1002.737 995.7362
Total Flow kmol/hr 1818.754 2815.409 1000.000 996.6548 818.4394 818.4394 2815.409 1000.315
Total Flow kg/hr 1.43370E+5 1.79741E+5 98959.16 36370.78 80781.78 80781.78 1.79741E+5 62588.40
Total Flow l/min 2822.669 2980.938 1315.322 652.4708 1339.117 1333.528 99192.19 1220.066
Temperature C 144.8882 50.98084 20.00000 -1.969994 167.3885 165.3141 500.0000 51.17344
Pressure bar 25.00000 29.99979 30.00000 25.00000 30.00000 8.000000 30.00000 8.000000
Vapor Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.000000 0.0
Liquid Frac 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 0.0 1.000000
Solid Frac 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Enthalpy cal/mol -13330.18 -19128.47 -39946.29 -25416.92 -34746.77 -34822.34 -6777.345 2417.278
Enthalpy cal/gm -169.1029 -299.6226 -403.6644 -696.4904 -352.0364 -352.8020 -106.1583 38.63399
Enthalpy cal/sec -6.7345E+6 -1.4960E+7 -1.1096E+7 -7.0366E+6 -7.8995E+6 -7.9167E+6 -5.3003E+6 6.71678E+5
Entropy cal/mol-K -36.57819 -32.04919 -70.03303 -16.10873 -56.22257 -56.26374 -5.678643 -27.64757
Entropy cal/gm-K -.4640208 -.5020090 -.7076963 -.4414214 -.5696182 -.5700353 -.0889485 -.4418754
Density mol/cc .0107389 .0157411 .0126711 .0254584 .0101863 .0102290 4.73056E-4 .0136647
Density gm/cc .8465403 1.004946 1.253928 .9290526 1.005411 1.009625 .0302007 .8549863
Average MW 78.82878 63.84186 98.95916 36.49286 98.70220 98.70220 63.84186 62.56870
Liq Vol 60F l/min 2236.114 3126.080 1323.118 889.9660 1081.915 1081.915 3126.080 1154.199
P-XY Diagram for dichloromethane and vinyl chloride

The T-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of Dichloromethane and
vinyl chloride with to mole fraction of more volatile component (Dichloromethane) in vapor and
liquid phase at constant P.
T-XY Diagram of Dichloromethane and vinyl chloride:

The T-XY diagram represents the change in the Temperature of mixture of Dichloromethane and
vinyl chloride with to mole fraction of more volatile component (Dichloromethane) in vapor and
liquid phase at constant P.

Pinch Point Analysis

Problem statement:

To obtain the pinch point for the given heat exchanger network.

Data:
Energy Analyzer Input:

Results:

Pinch Point:

Curves: