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University of Belgrade

Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering

Seminar paper
Topic: Sustainable transport

Professor: Student:
Gordana Dimković-Telebaković Slavica Gavrić DB150125

Belgrade, January 2016

The current model is unsustainable because it is based on motorized transport. Estimates suggest that during the 20th century about half of the world's accessible oil deposits were used up. have a finite life expectancy. Sustainable mobility is therefore the mobility model that enables movement with minimal environmental and territorial impact. the number will double in the next 30 years. or for the efficient use of clean fuels. A fuel-hungry world Until relatively recent times very little consideration was given to the sustainable sources of energy for transport. Walking.Sustainable mobility means ''Satisfying the needs of the current generation without compromising the ability to satisfy the needs of future generations“. For this reason it is said to have a low or a negative effect on the environment since it makes use of energy sources that are sustainable. cycling and sailing are excellent examples of sustainable transport. . All but a very few are powered by petroleum-based fuel. It can't last forever There are now around 750 million cars in the world and predictions are that if the present trend continues. the use of private vehicles. specifically. In many parts of the developing world this is still the case and high levels of pollution continue to be tolerated. Instead it relies on renewable or regenerated energy rather than fossil fuels that. Sustainable transport is sometimes known as Green Transport and it is any form of transport that does not use or rely on dwindling natural resources. as we all know. so did the demand for oil. It is estimated that every year various forms of transport consume between 20% and 25% of the world's energy and this significantly contributes to the increasingly high levels of greenhouse gases that continue to be released into the atmosphere. In 1910 there were just a few thousand cars in the world but as numbers increased.

but also because it is a cheap and often swift form of transport. has heightened this concern and had the combined effect of focusing the mind on seeking alternative energy sources. One of the problems is that bioethanol production relies on the cultivation of large amounts of plant material often on land that was formally tropical rain forest. Cycling has also gained in popularity. and pushing up prices. These are gaining in popularity. Added to that. Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). or on land that would otherwise have been used to produce food.8% of the world's transport fuel. both as a means of maintaining fitness. . Bioethanol is made by fermenting plant materials and biodiesel is made from vegetable oils. Other vehicles run on natural gas and some are electrically powered. Biofuel: Biofuels have also become very popular in some areas. What are the alternatives? In many areas there have been moves to encourage people to use public transport networks rather than travelling by car. There have been experiments using different types of fuel and there has been much effort and progress made in the development of so-called ''green vehicles''. combined with the fact that reserves are running out in areas such as the US. There have been moves to introduce cleaner and more fuel-efficient means of urban transport. animal fats or recycled grease. combining an internal combustion engine with an electric engine. Hybrid vehicles have been developed as an alternative to conventional cars. in many people's eyes the resources of the world were simply there to be made use of. Whereas before. In 2008 biofuels provided 1. A combination of political unrest in major oil producing areas like the Middle East. during the last few years people have simply become more environmentally conscious. there is now an almost universal appreciation of the fact that the world's resources will not last forever and that once they are gone they are gone for good.It is only relatively recently that people began to be concerned about future oil supplies. Generally they are of a hybrid design.

In both cases emissions would be zero. operational. e. Shifting travel/transport to improve trip efficiency through most efficient or environmentally friendly mode or combination of modes. Hydrogen can be used to power future transportation. oil and gas for generating electricity and for producing hydrogen through electrolysis. A number of accidents at nuclear plants. but progress is being made in the technology to achieve this. and Improving the environmental performance of transport through technological. but this will depend on a technical leap in the conversion rates of the photovoltaic (PV) cells that convert sunlight into electricity. A big challenge is to source the hydrogen from renewable resources. Honda has produced the first 'commercial' hydrogen powered vehicle in the form of the Honda FCX Clarity.g. regulatory or pricing. transport demand management. Hydrogen power is currently very expensive. Power can either be through the use of electric motors powered by fuel cell technology or by improved internal combustion engines. Nuclear power was once declared as the clean alternative to coal. capable of meeting the travel/transport needs. have led many countries to reconsider this method of power generation. compact city form. This might in fact be the power of the future because hydrogen is the most common element in the Universe. less complex and extended supply chains. although this has limited availability. and e-communication options (mobile phone use). Battery power would be required at night time or when there was no sun during daylight periods. . together with the inherent problem of dealing with large amounts of radioactive waste. and/or infrastructure improvements to make transport vehicles and equipment and the provision of transport more energy efficient and less carbon intensive. and/or shifting to off-peak travel. where appropriate. THE ‘AVOID-SHIFT-IMPROVE’ APPROACH Avoiding inefficient or unnecessary travel or transport. by improved and integrated urban planning.Solar power is another possible future option.

” Looking to the future Transport is a vital part of our everyday life. In the 21st century we have woken up to the fact that there is a need for us to care for the world around us. including citizens. as well as other decision makers in Copenhagen and other cities.” publications targeted at “everyone interested in the City’s environmental initiatives. and to be CO2 -neutral by 2025.Example of Copenhagen The Danish capital Copenhagen aims to become the “eco-metropolis” of the world and the world’s best city for cyclists. using “Green Accounts. enterprises and local politicians. . Copenhagen puts considerable effort into monitoring and evaluating progress towards its strategic eco-metropolis vision. The prevailing 20th century view was to rely on fossil fuels for most of our transport needs and to ignore any consequences.