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Chelsea P.

Jenny Lhen Carreon

Aspects of Public Speaking
- Delivering a presentation is one of the greatest fears of many people. It does
not matter if you are a business professional, a student, a member of the
cloth, a teacher, or a politician—preparing and delivering a presentation can
be a painful process. Being asked to deliver a presentation brings back bad
memories from our early school years when we had to deliver our first oral
report. To be a successful speaker, one needs to learn and understand many
aspects of a presentation.


Aspect 1—The Speaker
Aspect 2—The Message
Aspect 3—The Audience
Aspect 4—The Channel
Aspect 5—The Feedback
Aspect 6—The Noise
Aspect 7—The Setting

ASPECT #1 - The Speaker

One of the major components of any speech or presentation is the speaker
themselves (the source of the message). Many people forget they THEY are the
presentation and NOT the visual aids. Many presenters today put so much effort
into the visual aids and they forget that those are just aids to the speaker.

There are three factors we need to consider about any speaker:

a. His / Her motivation in giving the presentation
b. His / Her credibility as a speaker
c. His / Her delivery or speaking style

This analysis might include considerations related to: .Group membership . both verbally and non-verbally. b.Marital Status . as well as the occasion and setting. Style . It is important that you consider the audience's needs. and other items as the content of your speech or presentation is prepared and presented. The content is the MEAT of your speech or presentation.ASPECT #2 . Decide on how much to say about each subject. the audience. Most presentations fall between these two extremes and in EVERY case.Race . the style should be determined by what is appropriate to the speaker.Geographic location . time factors. Then decide on the actual sequence you will use.The manner in which you present the content of your speech is your style.Education .The Message The message refers to EVERYTHING a speaker does or says. Structure .Career . Research your topic thoroughly.Age . but in each what you say about your topic. the structure should include:  An Introduction  A Body  A Conclusion ASPECT #3 .The Audience As a speaker you should analyze your listeners and then decide how to present your ideas. The verbal component may be analyzed in terms of 3 basic elements: a.Sex . Styles can vary from very formal to the very informal. There are many organizational variations.The structure of a message is its organization. Content . c.

nderstanding .ustomized . other vocal variety .emographics .Who are the members? How many will be at the event? U. I have provided a brief list of examples for each of these types: A. Pictorial 1.What is their knowledge about the topic you will be addressing? D. sex. tone of your voice 2.Where will I stand when I speak? Will everyone be able to see me? N.eeds .What are the listener's needs? What are your needs as a speaker? What are the needs of the person who hired you? C.Why will they be at this event? Who asked them to be there? E.What do the listeners expect to learn from me? ASPECT #4 .Using the word "A-U-D-I-E-N-C-E" as an acronym. gestures 2. etc.nvironment .The Channel It is very important that you use as many channels as you can to communicate with your audience. objects C. diagrams 2. body movement 4.xpectations . facial expressions 3.How can I custom fit my message to this audience? E. educational background. The more channels of communication you can use at the same time. variations in pitch and volume 3. pictures 5.? I. the better. Nonverbal 1. I have defined some general audience analysis categories that your surveys should include: A. posture B.nterest .What is their age.udience . graphs 4. Aural 1. charts 3.

and visual interference such as poor lighting. poor acoustics. Internal Noise .The Noise There are two types of noise a speaker must contend with: a. temperature (too warm. coughing. if necessary.consists of sounds.ASPECT #5 .The Setting The place in which you deliver your presentation may be one that enhances or interferes with the effectiveness of your presentation. This process includes the listener's reactions to the speaker's response and so forth. shifting patterns.The Feedback The feedback process is not complete until the speaker has responded to the listener.if a speaker is confused or unclear about what he or she wants to express. Watch for non-verbal clues from your audience and be prepared to respond to the reactions of your audience throughout your presentation. people talking. You can ask your audience questions and even ask them what their understanding is of the point you have just made. this is due to internal noise. Determine ahead of time what the facilities are like before you speak. poor ventilation. Internal Noise External Noise . too cold). External Noise b. ASPECT #7 . Internal noise can also arise if the speaker does not know or misanalyzes the audience. ASPECT #6 . or an obstructed view. . This way you can properly plan your delivery or make adjustments.