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CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS

This set of specifications shall govern the methods of construction and the kinds of
materials be used for the proposed building shown in the plans and detail drawings.

The plans, detail drawings and these Specifications shall be considered as complementing
each other, so that what is mentioned or shown in one, although not mentioned or shown in the
other, shall be considered as appearing on both. In case of conflict between the two, the same
should be referred to the designing Engineer for the resolution.

GENERAL CONDITIONS

All parts of the construction shall be finished with first class workmanship, to the fullest
talent and meaning of plans and these specifications, and to the entire satisfaction of the Engineer
and the owner.

The construction shall conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code, as
well as the local rules and regulations of the Municipality of Cabarroguis, Quirino, Philippines.

CLEARING THE SITE

The building site shall be levelled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and
other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable subgrade.

All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread
uniformly over the areas adjacent to the proposed building, or otherwise disposed of as may be
directed by the Engineer in charge of the construction.

Staking out building lines

The building lines shall be staked out and all lines and grades shown in the drawing
established before any excavation is started. Batterboards and reference marks shall be erected at
such places where they will not be disturbed during the excavation of the building.

EXCAVATION

acids. tamping and rolling. ____________ pozzolan cement or any other equivalent brands more readily available in the locality. care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed. BACKFILLS After concrete for foundations is hard enough to withstand pressure resulting from fills. and approved by the Architect or Engineer in charge of the construction. care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates. Proportioning of the concrete All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government. Backfill and fills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness. salts and other organic material. the materials removed from excavation shall be used for backfill around them. and each layer shall be thoroughly compacted by wetting. should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position. CONCRETE WORKS All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement and aggregates. The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the building: Columns and Footings -Class A (1 : 2 : 4) Concrete Hollow Block footing -Class B (1 :2 – ½ : 5) . the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil is reached. Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil. Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process. it shall be removed by bailing or pumping. alkalis. Alternative cements so selected must meet the requirements of the Portland and pozzolan cements. Where the building site is covered with any kind of fill. Cement to be used shall be_________ portland cement. All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings.

Forms shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water. plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable paste. Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it. free form organic matter loam. 2-1/2 parts fine aggregates and 5 parts coarse aggregate by volume.Class A (1 : 2 : 4) Concrete slab floor on fill -Class C (1 : 3 : 6) Septic Vault Cover . Size of the coarse aggregate to be used shall vary from 20mm to 40mm (3/’’ to 1-1/2’’). 3 parts fine aggregates and 6 parts coarse aggregate by volume. or inert materials with similar characteristics. The coarse aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong qualities or clean and hard gravel. FORMS FOR CONCRETE WORKS All forms for concrete works shall be properly braced or connected together so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members. 2 parts fine aggregates and 4 parts coarse aggregate by volume.Class A (1 : 2 : 4) Class A concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement. Reinforced Concrete Beams and Slabs . plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable paste. CONCRETE SLAB FLOOR ON FILL . plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable paste. hard and durable grains. Class C concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement. Side forms of beams and girders may be removed earlier than the bottom forms but additional posts or shoring must be placed under the beams or girders until they have attained their strength. Class B concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement. having clean. The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand.

and the cells filled with cement mortar consisting of 1 part Portland cement and 3 parts by volume. No metal reinforcement shall be installed in place unless it is free from rust. Second Floor Toilet-Bath and Balcony Concrete floor slabs When preparing the concrete for upper floor slabs of toilet-bath and balcony it’s shall waterproof by adding__________ waterproofing compound mixture. while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated. All steel reinforcing bars to be used shall be ___________. 16 galvanized iron wire. For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be located. The concrete hollow block walls shall be laid. All exterior concrete hollow blocks to be used for first floor walls shall be at least 150mm thick. bothways. Steel Reinforcing Bars All steel reinforcing bars to be used in this construction shall consist of round deformed bars with lugs or projections on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and the steel. Concrete hollow block to be used for walls above the first floor. The proportion of the waterproofing compound to a given volume of concrete mixture shall be as recommended by the product manufacturer. Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide. CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCK Concrete Hollow block to be used in this project shall be___________. . All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge No. spaced not more than on centers. which will destroy the bond with concrete. Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed of not less than 100mm thick. They shall be reinforced with round deformed bars 10mm diameter. the thickness shall be at least 150mm. scale or other coatings. shall be 100mm thick. and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish. shall be 100mm thick.

All tiles for floor. LUMBER FRAMES ROOFING ELECTRICAL WORKS The electrical installation shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Professional Electrical Engineer or Master Electrician. walls and mouldings shall be free from laminations. All joints between tiles and mouldings shall be filled with ________ white cement and then carefully wiped. serrated edges. Interior and exterior corners of tiled floors and walls shall be provided with the necessary tile mouldings. FLOOR FINISHES TILE WALL AND FLOOR FINISHES The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with tiles. The mixture of cement plaster for concrete hollow block wall finishes indicated in the drawing shall be 1 part cement and 3 parts sand. All exposed surfaces of concrete hollow block walls shall be finished with the specified materials indicated on the elevation drawings. All electric works and materials shall conform to the provisions of the latest edition of the Philippine or National Electric Code. The walls of the toilets. Mortar to be used in setting the tiles and moldings shall be a mixture of 1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume. top of kitchen cabinets…. they shall be thoroughly soaked in water if recommended by the manufacturer. . Before the tiles and mouldings are laid in place. bathrooms. chipped-off corners and other defects. which would adversely affect their appearance and strength.

There shall be only one service drop from the nearest Electrical Company pole to the proposed building. The panel board shall be provided with a circuit directory. waste and vent shall be done using _________ uPVC push-on system. The plumbing installation shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code and the rules and regulations enforced in the locality. AC. Electrical materials to be used for the electric installation shall be as follows: Automatic Circuit Breaker……………………. single phase. ___________ uPVC pipes and fittings shall be used.specify (List other materials. PLUMBING WORKS All plumbing works for this project shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Mater Plumber.specify Flush wall switches. 12). . The type of electrical services to be supplied to the building shall be 220V. size 19mm diameter which should extend at least 300mm above the ceiling line. The electrical wiring shall be installed thru ____ coilable PVC electrical conduit. convenient outlets other wiring devices…specify Wires/conductors………………………………. fittings and appurtenances that conform to ISO dimensions. if necessary) The space circuit shall be provided with an empty PVC pipe.. 600V insulation. drainage and prevent water hammer and noise. Piping for drain.5mm 2 (AWG No. For the in-house water supply installation. The grounding wires shall be identified and all wires shall be color coded for easy identification. Electric wires for light and power shall not be smaller than 13. Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation.

. JALOUSIE WINDOWS STORM DRAINAGE All downspouts from the roof gutters shall end in concrete catch basins…. paint materials. ……… STEEL WINDOWS Steel windows to be used in this project shall conform to the size and designs shown in the detail drawings or schedule of steel windows.Size 100mm x 100mm (4’’ x 4’’) Satinless Pipes Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the locality. staging and equipment necessary. or as per bill of materials. and shall perform all painting and finishing work as shown in the schedule of painting and finishing work of this project. DOORS AND FRAMES Doors and door frames shall conform to the sizes. PAINTING The painting contractor shall supply all tabor. a standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings. schedule of doors or as per the bill of materials. designs and kind of materials shown in the details of doors. The plumbing fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be as follows: Water Closets Lavatories Kitchen Sinks Shower Heads Soap Holder Toilet paper holder Floor Drain………………. tools.

It shall be the painting contractor’s responsibility to protect his work and those of the other contractors during the time his work in underway. oils. Oily rags shall be kept in material containers and shall be removed from the building every end of the working day. the painting contractor shall remove any paint spots from all finished work. all surfaces shall be cleaned. He shall be responsible for any damage to the work or property of others caused by his employees or by himself. . bearing the marks of the specified brand. Upon completion of the painting works. All parts where paint remover has been used shall be washed off with paint or lacquer thinner. dirt. The painting contractor shall store his materials in one place in the building to be kept neat and clean. smoothed and freed from dust. All paints shall be spread evenly and carefully. grease. No adulteration of specified paints with other brands shall be allowed. free from blemishes and rubbish generated by his workers. All paint and paint materials shall be delivered to the building site in unbroken packages. He shall present his work to the Project owner or Engineer in- charge of construction. to prevent danger of fire. mortar. care being taken in the storage of paints. rust and other foreign substances. etc. Before any painting is done.