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Corrosion Prevention and Metallurgy Manual 1200 CP for Pipelines

Fig. 1200-4 Typical Attenuation Curves — Single Drain Point

assumed to be an infinite line in both directions. The attenuation curves for drain
points 1 and 2 are shown as dashed curves. These correspond to the infinite line
curve in Figure 1200-4.
The potential change at any point between the two drain points equals the sum of
the potential changes produced by the individual current drains (the upper solid
curve in Figure 1200-5). Since the currents caused by the two current drains flow in
opposite directions the resultant current at any point between the two drain points
equals the difference in the currents attributable to the two current drains.
At midpoint P, the two currents are equal and opposite, and the resultant current is
zero. Since there is no resultant current flow in the line at this point, the current and
potential distribution will not be disturbed if the line is cut at this point and an insu-
lating flange inserted. It follows that the resultant current and voltage distribution
between a drain point and the electrical midpoint between two drain points is the
same as for a finite line of the same length. This can be seen by comparing the
curves in Figures 1200-4 and 1200-5.

Attenuation Equations
Attenuation equations express the relationship between current and potential along a
uniform pipeline when current is drained from a single point. These equations apply
specifically to coated lines. They assume that the pipe is of uniform section and

Chevron Corporation 1200-13 August 1999