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Organic Chemistry

What Is Organic Chemistry?

Organic chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and
preparation of carbon-containing compounds, which include not only hydrocarbons but also
compounds with any number of other elements, including hydrogen (most compounds
contain at least one carbon–hydrogen bond), nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus,
silicon, and sulfur. This branch of chemistry was originally limited to compounds produced
by living organisms but has been broadened to include human-made substances such as
plastics. The range of application of organic compounds is enormous and also includes, but
is not limited to, pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, food, explosives, paints, and cosmetics.

plastics. and agrichemical industries. Organic compounds are all around us. Patent and Trademark Office) state. Chemists in industry mainly work in development. fuel. coatings. They are central to the economic growth of the United States in the rubber. Organic chemists spend much of their time creating new compounds and developing better ways of synthesizing previously known compounds.D. The very foundations of biochemistry. and medicine are built on organic compounds and their role in life processes. to name a few.Where Is Organic Chemistry Used? Organic chemistry is a highly creative science in which chemists create new molecules and explore the properties of existing compounds. chemists. and petroleum industries. The cultivation of plants has been viewed as the earliest example of biotechnology and the precursor to . high-tech materials are at least partially composed of organic compounds . cosmetics. consumer product. It is the most popular field of study for ACS chemists and Ph. chemical. pharmaceutical. Many modern. biotechnology.. detergent. and local governments also hire organic chemists.g. Which Industries Hire Organic Chemists? Organic chemists at all levels are generally employed by pharmaceutical. dyestuff. biotech. Food and Drug Administration. while chemists in academia are involved in more basic research. Biotechnology Biotechnology (“biotech” for short) is a field of applied biology that involves using living organisms and bioprocesses to create or modify products for a specific use. The federal (e.

manufacturing. Biotechnology Companies: GenenTech. and minerals into more than 70. textiles. Major industrial customers include rubber and plastic products. service. Monsanto. Over three-fourths of the chemical industry’s output worldwide is polymers and plastics. and service industries. and plants that are drought resistant. pulp and paper. Dow.. Eastman . construction. DuPont. Celanese. agriculture. construction. crop production and agriculture. Braskem. Chemical The chemical industry is crucial to modern world economies and works to convert raw materials such as oil. and other industries. Bayer. biofuels). petroleum refining. air. Dow AgroSciences. metals. Cargill These companies make products such as seeds for crops that are resistant to certain diseases. Biotechnology is used in in health care. as well as thousands of products that are inputs to the agriculture. and environmental applications. The chemical industry itself consumes about a quarter of its own output. apparel.modern genetic engineering and cell and tissue culture technologies. water. biodegradable plastics. vegetable oil. These base products are then used to make consumer products in addition to manufacturing. Chemicals are used to make a wide variety of consumer goods. seed coatings with specific properties. and primary metals.000 different products.g. natural gas. Chemical companies: BASF. nonfood uses of crops and other products (e. Virtually all biotechnology products are the result of organic chemistry.

extraction. and marketing. Pharmaceuticals (brand name and generic) and medical devices are subject to a large number of country-specific laws and regulations regarding patenting. DuPont. Mitsubishi Chemical. refining. Petroleum is also the raw material for many chemical products. and cosmetics. processing and purifying natural gas. and marketing petroleum products. such as soaps. Consumer products companies: PPG Industries. The largest volume products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline. BP Pharmaceutical The pharmaceutical industry develops. has a trade name and can be produced and sold only by the company holding the patent) and/or generic (i. cleaning products. safety assurance. pesticides. . transporting. fertilizers.e. plastic goods. and markets drugs licensed for use as medications for humans or animals. testing. Shell Chemicals.. creating petrochemicals). solvents. Chevron Phillips Chemial Company. efficacy. detergents. Some pharmaceutical companies deal in brand-name (i. lower-cost version of a brand-name drug) medications and medical devices (agents that act on diseases without chemical interaction with the body). and downstream (refining crude oil.e. Johnson & Johnson Petroleum The petroleum industry includes the global processes of exploration. Petroleum companies: ExxonMobil. The industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream (exploration and production).. midstream (transportation).Consumer Products Consumer products companies make consumer products for everyday use. produces. including pharmaceuticals. monitoring. and plastics. chemically equivalent.

Bayer. symposia and events . Novartis. Merck. AstraZeneca. GlaxoSmithKline. Hoffman- LaRoche. and Abbott Laboratories. The ACS Division of Organic Chemistry The ACS Divsion of Organic Chemistry offers a wide array of resources. Johnson & Johnson. Sanofi. journals.Pharmaceuticals companies: Pfizer.