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Reuse, Recycle and Reduce: The
New Mantra for Water Filtration
Activated glass filtration media (AFM) has emerged as a viable alternative to sand

Use of sand in the water filtration

process is a common practice.

However, once used, sand cannot be

reused or recycled. Additionally, it is

a finite resource and is diminishing.

Hence, innovative methods like AFM

are making headway in the field of

water filtration.

Sand has been used in the water
filtration process for thousands of
years now. However, modern filtration
process requires sand to be changed after
every 5-10 years. The biggest disadvantage
of this filtration system is, sand once used
in the filtration process cannot be reused
and straight away goes to the landfill. This
process not only leads to environment CAPTION:
degradation but also incurs heavy
transportation cost. This makes it
imperative to use sand with discretion and
also look for feasible alternatives to sand.
Exploring alternatives How is it manufactured?
Replacing sand with AFM is a cost- AFM is manufactured from green
effective and an environment-friendly way container glass in a closed loop process as
to resolve this ecological issue. The it has unique catalytic properties. Glass,
advantage with this process is that AFM can which is normally destined for landfill, is
be recovered and upcycled for reuse. Dryden transformed into a molecular sieve – AFM.
Aqua, a Scotland-based company, offers an This means, it also works as a waste
Nikunj Shah
SVS Aqua Technologies AFM water filtration method that uses waste management system since waste glass is
container glass as a water filtration media. upcycled into a high value product.

30 PROCESS INDIA  Volume 1 · Issue 5 · April 2014

● PROCESS India  Volume 1 · Issue 5 · April 2014 31 . Through this. it becomes an ●●Anthracite is not required ideal choice for pre-treatment prior to ●●Activated carbon use reduced membranes. Dryden Aqua of concern for those involved in water removal has observed that longer aeration produces processing. The nano-structure of AFM is configured to trap and hold specific molecules. however. For example: iron changes from Fe2+ to Fe3+ ferrous Fe2+ at a high pH to reduce Cr6+ to firmed that AFM offers the fol. a Benefits of AFM insoluble and easier to remove with AFM. The AFM is recharged and ready to use again by back- washing it with water. disinfection by-products and priority substances such as endocrine disrupters and heavy metals still remain major areas Iron. This backwash removes the particles as well as chemicals that have been removed during the run phase. Sand is used to filter more than 99 per cent of all drinking water but issues CAPTION: with parasites (cryptosporidium). of course. energy use avoided AFM not only enables to replace sand but also does it with more efficiency. The glass is reduced to a very precise Source particle size and particle size distribution. means the volatiles and increase oxidation that AFM need not be replaced. the oxidation state Chromium. it offers by-products free of chlorine oxidation demand silica and biofouling. The surface of every grain is then turned into a mesoporous catalytic selective molecular sieve that adsorbs particles and chemicals such as some priority substances that should not be there in the water. Hence. Also. which are larger ferric particles and. this innovative method of water 90 per cent CAPTION: filtration can help mankind to take a step forward towards a sustainable future. and this. can also be treated with AFM. the silt density index (SDI) is flocculation chemicals 50 per cent lower than the SDI from a sand ●●\>50 per cent reduction in filter. which can result in significant financial savings: AFM can also be used as pre-treatment to reverse osmosis (RO) or ultra filtration (UF). Cr3+ after which the water can be filtered lowing benefits over sand for by AFM. efficient as sand or greensand at removing have a positive charge. The recommended first step in water ferric. second stage involves the addition of Independent testing has con. AFM is twice as removing metals and organic particles that well water. a high negative Iron. AFM v/s sand The health and well-being of everyone depends on the supply of clean potable water. arsenic and chromium and arsenic from AS3+ to AS5+. potential. therefore. With AFM. By reusing ●●Reduction in highly toxic and recycling glass and reducing usage of chlorine by-products by up to sand. treating drinking water and Pre-treatment Source wastewater. After the gas stripping stage. ●●>25 per cent reduction in In such cases. arsenic and chromium. >50 per cent Conclusion ●●Double filtration and. makes it charge means that it is very effective at often found in high concentrations in tube easier for removal by AFM. in turn. A vigorous backwash removes the treatment is vigorous aeration to gas strip iron and arsenic. is a little more of metals changes and they become difficult.