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1. A bob is hanging over a pulley inside a car through a string. (a) 20N (b) 10N
The second end of the string is in the hand of a person (c) 12N (d) 15N
standing in the car. The car is moving with constant 4. Three blocks A, B and C of equal mass m are placed one
acceleration a directed horizontally as shown in figure. Other over the other on a smooth horizontal ground as shown in
end of the string is pulled with constant acceleration a figure. Coefficient of friction between any two blocks of A,
vertically. The tension in the string is equal to B and C is 1/2.
car
a
a

m

The maximum value of mass of block D so that the blocks A,
B and C move without slipping over each other is
(a) m g 2 + a2 (b) m g 2 + a 2 - ma (a) 6 m (b) 5 m (c) 3 m (d) 4 m
5. Two blocks of masses m1 = 4kg and m2 = 6 kg are connected
(c) m g 2 + a 2 + ma (d) m (g + a)
by a string of negligible mass passing over a frictionless
2. The two blocks, m = 10 kg and M = 50 kg are free to move as pulley as shown in the figure below. The coefficient of
shown. The coefficient of static friction between the blocks friction between the block m1 and the horizontal surface is
is 0.5 and there is no friction between M and the ground. A 0.4. When the system is released, the masses m1 and m2
minimum horizontal force F is applied to hold m against M start accelerating. What additional mass m should be placed
that is equal to over mass m1 so that the masses (m1 + m) slide with a uniform
speed?
F m
M Smooth m

m1
(a) 100 N (b) 50 N (c) 240 N (d) 180 N
3. What is the maximum value of the force F such that the
block shown in the arrangement, does not move?
F
1 m2
µ=
60º 2 3
m = 3kg (a) 12 kg (b) 11kg
(c) 10 kg (d) 2 kg

M ARK YOUR
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
RESPONSE

80 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r
6. A ship of mass 3 × 107 kg initially at rest, is pulled by a force
of 5× 104 N through a distance of 3m. Assuming that the
resistance due to water is negligible, the speed of the
ship is
(a) 1.5 m/sec. (b) 60 m/sec.
(c) 0.1 m/sec. (d) 5 m/sec.
7. φ is the angle of the incline when a block of mass m just
starts slipping down. The distance covered by the block if
thrown up the incline with an initial speed u 0 is

(a) u02 /4gsin φ (b) 4u02 /gsin φ The velocity of the block will be [assume that the block
does not rotate]
(c) u02 /sin φ /4g (d) 4u02 sin φ / g (a) 3 m/s (b) 2 m/s
8. A given object takes n times as much time to slide down a (c) 1/2 m/s (d) 1 m/s
45° rough incline as it takes to slide down a perfectly smooth 12. A plank of mass M 1 = 8 kg with a bar of mass
45° incline. The coefficient of friction between the object M2 = 2 kg placed on its rough surface, lie on a smooth floor
and the incline is of elevator ascending with an acceleration g/4. The
coefficient of friction is µ = 1/5 between m1 and m2 .
(a) (1 – 1/n 2 ) (b) 1/(1 – n 2 )

(c) (1 − 1/ n2 ) (d) 1/ (1 − n2 ) g/4
9. The acceleration of the block B in the above figure, assuming
the surfaces and the pulleys P1 and P2 are all smooth. m2
2m P1 4m F m1
F A B
P2
A horizontal force F = 30 N is applied to the plank. Then the
(a) F/4m acceleration of bar and the plank in the reference frame of
(b) F/6m elevator are
(c) F/2m (a) 3.5 m/s 2 , 5 m/s 2
(d) 3F/17m (b) 5 m/s 2 , 50/8 m/s 2
(c) 2.5 m/s 2 , 25/8 m/s 2
10. A block P of mass m is placed on a horizontal frictionless
(d) 4.5 m/s 2 , 4.5 m/s 2
plane. A second block of same mass m is placed on it and is
13. All the surfaces are frictionless then acceleration of the block
connected to a spring of spring constant k, the two blocks
B is
are pulled by distance A. Block Q oscillates without slipping.
(a) 2g/13 (b) 3g/13
What is the maximum value of frictional force between the
(c) 4g/13 (d) g/13
two blocks.

A B
k
Q
µs
P m m

(a) kA/2 (b) kA
(c) µs mg (d) zero
11. A system is shown in the figure. A man standing on the
block is pulling the rope. Velocity of the point of string in
m C
contact with the hand of the man is 2 m/s downwards.

M ARK YOUR 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
RESPONSE 11. 12. 13.

LAWS OF M OTION 81

14. A smooth ring P of mass m can slide on a fixed horizontal
h/4
rod. A string tied to the ring passes over a fixed pulley and
carries a block Q of mass (m/2) as shown in the figure. At an
h m
instant, the string between the ring and the pulley makes an µ = 1/3
angle 60° with the rod. The initial acceleration of the ring is
M F
m
(a) 30 N
60° (b) 4 0 N
P
(c) 120 N
(d) none of the above
18. There are two blocks A and B in contact with vertical and
Q m/2 horizontal smooth surfaces respectively, as shown in the
figure. Acceleration of A and B are a A and a B respectively
2g 2g g along their constrained direction of motions. Relation
2g
(a) (b) (c) (d) between a A and a B is (Assume sin 23° = 2/5).
3 6 9 3
15. A massive wooden plate of unknown mass M remains in
equilibrium in vacuum when n bullets are fired per second
on it. The mass of each bullet is m (M >> m) and it strikes the
plate at the centre with speed v. If the coefficient of restitution
is e, then M is equal to

m (a) 2aA = 21 aB (b) 2a A = 5a B

mvn mevn (c) 5a A = 2a B (d) 21 aA = 2aB
(a) (b)
g g 19. A bead of mass m is located on a parabolic wire with its axis
vertical and vertex at the origin as shown in the figure and
m v (1 + e ) n whose equation is x2 = 4ay. The wire frame is fixed and the
(c) (d) n m
g bead can slide on it without friction. The bead is released
from point y = 4a on the frame from rest. The tangential
16. A block is resting on a horizontal plate in the xy plane and
acceleration of the bead when it reaches the position given
the coefficient of friction between block and plate is µ . The
by y = a is
plate begins to move with velocity u = bt 2 in x direction. At
what time will the block start sliding on the plate. y
m
µb µbg
(a) (b)
g 2

µg µg x
(c) (d)
b 2b
17. A block of mass m = 2 kg is placed on a plank of mass M = 10 kg
which is placed on a smooth horizontal plane. The coefficient
1
of friction between the block and the plank is µ = . If a 3g g
3 (a) (b)
2 2
horizontal force F is applied on the plank, then find the maximum
value of F for which the block and the plank move together. g g
(c) (d)
(Take g = 10 m/s 2 ) 5 2

M ARK YOUR 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.
RESPONSE 19.

If θ1 = θ2 in figure.cos c θ W1 (d) ( b + c) 2 + c2 + 2(b + c). When the string between A and B is cut then k 1 T1 2 T3 T2 A W1 B W1 k W1 (c) T1 = T2 ≠ T3 = W2 = 2cos θ1 C W1 (d) T1 = T2 = T3 ≠ W2 ≠ (a) the acceleration of block A is 2g while the acceleration 2cos θ1 of block C is g 24. 24. In the arrangement shown in the adjacent figure. θ (shown in the figure) = 30 ° and   = +1 radian/ X  dt  (a) a < g tan (θ – α) (b) a > g tan (θ + α) s. 82 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 20. 21.r.r. It can be concluded that (c) a > g tan (θ – α) (d) a > g cot (θ – α) M ARK YOUR 20. moves upward with a constant velocity u. In the figure acceleration of bodies A. (pulley is frictionless). ground is θ θ B C u A (a) u = 5m/s (b) u = 10 m/s (c) u = 20 m/s (d) u = 15 m/s 23. The block C which is fixed to the middle of the string.cos c θ (b) T1 ≠ T2 = T3 = W2 = 2cos θ1 21.r. Values b and c are w. the two 90° – pulleys are fixed and the two blocks A and B are made to move downwards so that they decelerate at 10 m/s 2. At a certain mg  dθ  instant. wedge C.t.t. The inclined plane shown in figure has an acceleration ‘a’ (b) the acceleration of block B is 2g while the acceleration to the right.. Choose the correct (a) ( b + c) 2 + a 2 option (b) c – (a + b) cos θ W1 (a) T1 = T2 = T3 = W2 = 2cos θ1 (c) ( b + c) 2 + c2 − 2(b + c). The system shown in the adjacent figure is in equilibrium. 22.t. The arrangement achieving the above is not shown in the a diagram.. ground whereas a is acceleration of block A w. All the blocks are of the equal mass m and springs are ideal. 23. B and C are shown with directions. The block will side on the plane if (µs ≡ tan θ is of block C is zero the coefficient of static friction for the contacting surfaces) (c) the acceleration of block A is 2g while the acceleration Y of block B is g (d) the acceleration of block B is g while the acceleration N of block C is zero f 22. RESPONSE . Acceleration of block A w.

RESPONSE 30. What is the smallest force F exerted eastward and upward at an angle of 30° with the horizontal that can start the box in motion ? (a) 27. The magnitude of acceleration of the cart when only A and B pull the cart keeping their directions (c) 40 N (d) 24 2 N same as the old directions. 28. it moves with acceleration 24 m/s 2 (a) 40 2 N (b) 24 N in the north direction. The string A is now cut. Five persons A. A student’s life was saved in an automobile accident because an air bag expanded in front of his head.5 N (c) 14. the air bag (a) exerts a much smaller impulse (b) causes a much smaller change in kinetic energy A (c) exerts a much smaller force 45° m1 (d) does much more work 26. The (c) 30 m/s 2 (d) 25 m/s 2 system shown is in equilibrium. When person A stops pulling. Compared to the windshield. A horizontal 2g 2g force P is applied to block of mass m2 such that it just (a) downwards (b) upwards 5 5 slides under block of mass m1 . 31. What is the tension in cord AB ? acceleration of upper block just after the string A is cut will be (g = 10 m/s 2 ) /////////////////////////////////////////////// A 40° A B 40° 2kg 30° 30° k 70N 2kg (a) 0 m/s 2 (b) 20 m/s 2 (a) 25. the 27. The block of mass m1 = 20kg lies on the top of block of 4m mass m2 = 12 kg. 26. 27. D and E are pulling a cart of mass 100 P kg on a smooth surface and cart is moving with acceleration m2 3 m/s 2 in east direction.5 N (d) 21. Then the tension in the string AB is (Take g = 10 m/s 2 ) 5g 5g (c) downwards (d) upwards 11 11 M ARK YOUR 25.2 N (d) 45.2 N (b) 18. 29. If the car B had not been equipped with an air bag.25 for all surfaces in contact. The coefficient of friction is µ = 0.5 N (b) 37.4. LAWS OF M OTION 83 25. The The acceleration of the block of mass 4m just after the coefficient of static friction between the box and the floor is system is released from rest is (θ = sin –1 3/5) 0. . it moves with acceleration 1 m/s 2 in the west direction. is 30. 28. Two blocks of mass 2 kg are connected by a massless ideal spring of spring constant k = 10 N/m. A light inextensible string AB connects m m mass m1 with vertical wall as shown. the pulleys and strings are massless. In the figure shown. the windshield would have stopped the motion of his head in a much shorter time. C. A box weighing 100N is at rest on a horizontal floor. When person B stops pulling. B.5 N 31.3 N (c) 10 m/s 2 (d) 15 m/s 2 (c) 15. The upper block is (a) 26 m/s 2 (b) 3 71 m/s 2 suspended from roof by a light inextensible string A.4 N 29.

Two small masses m1 and m2 are at rest on a frictionless.47 (c) 1/3.3 s (c) (M + m )2 + m 2 g (d) (M + m)2 + M2 g 40kg W 37. What weight W will cause the 300kg block to just m start moving to the right ? ////////////////////////////////////////////////////// / M 45° 300kg 30° (a) 2 Mg (b) 2 mg µ=0. Two smooth spheres each of radius 5cm and mass 10kg rest 1 m one on the other inside a fixed smooth cylinder of radius 8cm. B is wrong m1 fixed wedge (b) B is correct. are connected by a light inextensible string. Block 1 and block 3 have the same mass. A string of negligible mass going over a clamped pulley of (b) Mass m2 reaches the bottom of the wedge first. fixed triangular wedge of angles 30° and 60° as shown. mass m supports a block of mass M as shown in the figure. Two weights are hung over two frictionless pulleys as shown in figure. 84 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 32.47 (b) 2/7. Two masses A and B are connected with two an inextensible string to write constraint relation between vA and vB. Then the magnitude of normal reaction exerted by one 4m 2 sphere on the other sphere is m3 Configuration at t = 0 (a) 1/7. block 1 is one-fourth the length of block 2 and slides down and µ 0 is a constant.37 (d) 4/7. Assume that there is no friction after the mass covers a distance of between block 2 and the surface on which it moves and that cosθ sin θ the coefficient of sliding friction between blocks 1 and 2 is (a) (b) µ0 µ0 µk = 0.47 35. They Student B : vB cos θ = vA. Student A : vA cos θ = vB. A is wrong B 60° 30° C ///////////////////////////////////////// (c) Both are correct (D) Both are wrong (a) Mass m1 reaches the bottom of the wedge first. There is θ no friction between the wedge and both the masses. The coefficient of friction is (c) 98 kg (d) 120 kg µ = µ0 x where x is the distance through which the mass 34. . If the string is cut. In figure. 36.2. which mass reaches the bottom of the wedge vA first ? (Take g = 10m/s 2 ) B vB A m2 (a) A is correct. 35. (c) Both reach the bottom of the wedge at the same time. The force on the pulley by the clamp is given by (d) It’s impossible to determine from the given information. RESPONSE 37. 38. 33. 33. After the system is released find the distance block 2 has moved when only one-fourth of block 1 still on block 2tan θ tan θ 2. (c) (d) µ0 µ0 38. (a) 125N (b) 225N (c) 150N (d) 100N M ARK YOUR 32. A small mass slides down a fixed inclined plane of inclination (a) 108 kg (b) 115 kg θ with the horizontal. 34. 36. Then the speed is maximum weighs one-fourth as much. The side BC //////// //////// of wedge is horizontal and both the masses are 1 metre vertically above the horizontal side BC of wedge.

43. LAWS OF M OTION 85 39.2 m/s (c) 54. The rope is initially released from rest. The speed of the mass B at (a) M (cos α – cos β) g (b) zero the shown instant will be (c) M (tan α – tan β) g (d) None of these 43. Initially.). The coefficient of friction between the insect and the surface is 1/3. An insect crawls up a hemispherical surface very slowly //////////////////////////////////////////// (see fig. Block A moves vertically upwards with velocity 10 m/s. A body of mass 400 kg is suspended at the lower end of a block of mass m is initially at rest. The figure). the maximum possible value of α is given by A B (a) 10 2 m / s (b) 10 m/s α 20 (c) 53m/s (d) m/s 3 41. 41. What is pulley. 42. The block of mass M is light vertical chain and is being pulled up vertically (see released from rest with spring in unstretched state. then T0 = 6000g the magnitude of initial acceleration of rope is y Initial position (a) 44. A uniform rope of length L and mass M is placed on a smooth W = 400g fixed wedge as shown. A system is shown in the figure.1 m/s (d) 33. RESPONSE . The pull gets smaller uniformly at the rate of plane is (neglect mass of string and pulley and friction in 360g N per meter through which the body is raised. If the line joining the center of the 45° 45° hemispherical surface to the insect makes an angle α with 10m/s the vertical.1 m/s (b) 43. Both ends of rope are at same horizontal level.) the velocity of the body when it has been raised 10m? m M 37° /////////// ///////////////////////////////////////// 3 4 (a) m (b) m 5 5 6 3 (c) m (d) m 5 2 Position at time t 42. The M ARK YOUR 39. 40.3 m/s ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// 40. the body is at rest and the pull on the chain minimum value of M required to move the block up the is 6000g N. The block is placed over a fixed rough inclined (c) sec α = 3 (d) cosec α = 3 surface for which the coefficient of friction is µ = 3/4. A block of mass m is attached with massless spring of force (a) cot α = 3 (b) tan α = 3 constant k.

.

2N (b) 22. T2 = 300 N. As shown in figure. (c) 3. 10kg ////////////////////////////////////////////////// µ=0. T3 = 300 N. T2 . the force exerted by ground on block A is //////////////////////////////// ////////////////////////// 40° 3F 3F (a) mg + (b) mg . to lift block B from ground ? For the object to be in equilibrium Σ Fx = 0. T2 = 15 N (d) T1 = 54. string and connecting rods are (b) T1 = 58.0 m/s² (D) T1 = 500 N.3 N. The magnitude of acceleration of the 15 kg block is (B) T1 = 500 N. Σ Fy = 0. . If W = 40N in the equilibrium situation shown in figure. due to which 6.6. If the value of F is further increased.2 m/s² (b) 3. If applied force F = 120 N. Σ = 0 and Στ = 0 25 5 3 4 (a) mg (b) mg (c) mg (d) mg 7.4 N.0 m/s² (c) 1.2 N (d) 42. T2 = 21 N 9. RESPONSE 6. Pulley. 5. the block B will accelerate in upward PASSAGE-3 direction and simultaneously the block A will move toward right. 2. T2 = 400 N.2 N (a) upwards (b) upwards (c) 39. The weight W1 in figure is 300N. If both the blocks are stationary. T3 = 670 N. T2 = 25 N 0.2 m/s² (C) T1 = 400 N. The magnitude of acceleration of the 10 kg block is W1 W2 (a) 3. cord 2 50° 4 4 4F 4F P 30N (c) mg + (d) mg - 3 3 cord 1 3. (θ = 37° with (a) 8 m/s² (b) 4 m/s² horizontal). T3 = 670 N. 1.2 m/s² (b) 2. T3 . 7.5 N 4 3 8. Another block of mass 10 kg is placed over it. then magnitude of acceleration of pressing force on vertical wall will increase and pressing force on 15 kg block will be the horizontal wall decrease. 4.6 T3 T1 15 kg 53° T 2 37° F=80N A C Smooth 4. then acceleration of weight = W block B will be 3a 4a (a) 25. find 3a 4a T1 and T2 . 9. Friction coefficient between two blocks is (a) T1 = 48. that is 70° connected with a light string passing over two pulleys fastened W to the 15 kg block. as we increase F. W2 = 530 N M ARK YOUR 1.3 N. and W2 . the tension in the horizontal cord is 12 4 4 3 30N.8 m/s² (A) T1 = 500 N. T2 = 31 N massless.6 m/s² (d) 0.3 N. 8. The weight of the object is 2. W2 = 530 N (a) 4. Find T1 . What is minimum value of F. W2 = 530 N 5. W2 = 530 N (c) 16/3 m/s² (d) 2.2 m/s² (d) 4. (c) upwards (d) upwards 5 5 /////////////////////////////////////////////// ////////////////////////// PASSAGE-2 60° T1 A block of mass 15 kg is placed over a frictionless horizontal T2 surface.8 m/s² As soon as the pressing force on the horizontal wall by block B becomes zero. The portion of the string between 10 kg block and the upper pulley is horizontal. A force F = 80N is applied horizontally to the free end of the string. it will loose the contact with the ground. (Take g = 10 m/s²) (c) T1 = 65. LAWS OF M OTION 91 Block A presses the block B in the normal direction. T2 = 400 N. T3 = 670 N. T2 = 400 N. 3. If acceleration of block A is a rightward.

When the lift is (a) 327 N (b) 164 N (c) 315 N (d) 300 N accelerated up. Their upward (a) 327 N (b) 164 N (c) 315 N (d) 300 N direction is taken as positive. A man of mass 60 kg is standing 11. speed of block of mass m2 is //////////////////////////////// / //////////// (a) zero (b) 2 m/s 2 4 (c) m/s (d) m/s 3 3 P1 15. the reading (a) 1. The man will not be in contact with weighing machine at between block of mass m1 and inclined plane is µ 1 = 0.5 and time that between block of mass m2 and inclined plane is µ2 = 1. One end of a light spring of spring constant k = 100 N/m is free and other end is connected to a support S rigidly fixed to inclined surface.78 m/s 2 (b) 0. 18. The pulleys are essentially frictionless and massless.2s position. If the total mass of (elevator + man) system is 150 kg. What will be the maximum reading of the weighing machine? (a) 90 kg (b) 100 kg 8m m2 =1 . 12. (a) t = 1s (b) t = 5. 92 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 13.39 m/s 2 decreases. . 13. (c) 3. RESPONSE 15.4s (d) t = 4. Acceleration of A is increases and when the lift is accelerating down. Pulley (c) 20 cm (d) 60 cm P1 has a stationary axle but pulley P2 is free to move up and 14. 11. (Take g = 10 m/s 2 ) 17.72 m/s 2 5m/s PASSAGE-5 t(sec) Two blocks of mass m1 = 10 kg and m2 = 20 kg are placed on 0 1 2 3 4 5 5. the N/ 000 maximum tension in the cable supporting the lift will be 1 k= (a) 1500 N (b) 3000 N S θ = 37° (c) 2250 N (d) None of these ///////////////////////////////////////// M ARK YOUR 10.56 m/s 2 (d) 2.4 m1 (c) 6 kg (d) None of these L m 18. Tension T2 is in the elevator on a weighing machine. PASSAGE-4 the compression in the spring is (a) 5 cm (b) 10 cm In figure. Tension T1 is velocity varies with time as shown in figure. the reading of the weighing machine 12. The maximum force exerted by block of mass m1 on block of mass m2 is T2 P2 40 (a) zero (b) N 3 A 80 (c) N (d) 40N T1 3 200N B PASSAGE-6 300N An elevator is moving in vertical direction such that its 10. At the instant the speed of block of mass m1 is maximum. the down. 14. the weights of the objects are 200 N and 300 N.1s At time t = 0 both blocks are released at rest from shown (c) t = 2. 16. 17.5 6 a fixed inclined surface making an angle θ = 37° with 5m/s horizontal. At the instant speed of block of mass m1 is maximum. The coefficient of friction 16.

RESPONSE 24. Normal reaction (in N) acting on block A is (b) vB m m (a) (3g + 4a ) (b) (4 g − 3a ) 5 5 t m m (c) (3g − 4a ) (d) (4 g + 3a ) v 5 5 21. which will act forward. Both the blocks lie on wedge of mass m kg. The upper (d) block is given a sudden velocity of 10 m/s. 23. energy to lower block.25 sec. This PASSAGE-7 will continue till velocity of both the block get equal. Due to friction the velocity of upper (c) 1. both the blocks start moving together ? energy from upper block but supply only y mechanical (a) 1 sec. The maximum value of acceleration a (in m/s 2 ) for which normal reactions acting on the block A and block B are non vA zero is (c) 3 3 5 4 vB (a) g (b) g (c) g (d) g 4 5 3 3 t v PASSAGE-8 vA Block A of 5 kg is placed on long block B also having 5 kg. The upper block vB slides toward right. 21. The wedge lying over 22. so friction force acting on it will be t toward left. . Which curve shows the correct variation of velocity of each gravity) block v/s time ? v A B m m vA 37° 53° a ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// (a) vB 19. (d) None of these M ARK YOUR 19.25 sec. 22. The net energy loss due to friction in the entire process is smooth horizontal surface is pulled towards right with constant acceleration a (m/s 2 ) (g is acceleration due to (a) x + y (b) x – y (c) x (d) y 23. Two blocks A and B of equal masses m kg each are connected rough A by a light thread. Assume 5 kg B friction to be absent everywhere and both the blocks to be ////////////////////////// Smooth always in contact with the wedge. (b) 2. Its reaction will act on the lower block.4. which passes over a massless pulley as 5 kg shown. Normal reaction (in N) acting on block B is t m m (a) (3g − 4a ) (b) (4 g + 3a ) v 5 5 m m vA (c) (3g + 4a ) (d) (4 g − 3a ) 5 5 20. LAWS OF M OTION 93 block reduces and velocity of lower block increases. There is no friction between the ground and lower block. The friction force absorb x mechanical 24. 20. After what time. The coefficient of friction between two block is 0.

8 kg is placed on an inclined plane. 28. surrounding air backwards.2 : It derives the necessary thrust to move lowered due to wetting of the surface.2 : The value of coefficient of friction is Statement . At what acceleration will the body lose contact with plane? (a) increases 40 (b) decreases (a) m/s 2 (b) 7. The tension in thread is v upward with respect to lift and the lift is moving in upward (a) 12 N (b) 10 N direction with constant acceleration (a < g) then speed of (c) 8 N (d) 4 N m1 with respect to lift 30. forward according to Newton’s third law of motion. The acceleration if the body pushes the slope with a force 3 of mg is 4 25.1 : On a rainy day it is difficult to drive a car or 2. 2. 1. with inextensible light string and tension in this string T2 as Then the slope is moved with a horizontal acceleration of a. M ARK YOUR 1. Statement . If m1 + m2 = m and lift is moving with constant velocity then value of T1 5 (a) ≥ mg (b) = mg (c) ≤ mg (d) > mg (a) m / s2 (b) 0. A light inextensible A body of mass m = 1. T1 m a T2 m1 /////////////////////////////////////////////// m2 28. Friction is negligible.1 : A rocket moves forward by pushing the bus at high speed. and is attached to the top end tensioninstring T1 . If m1 is very small as compared to m2 and lift is moving with constant velocity then value of T2 is nearly 5 (a) m2 g (b) 2m1 g (c) 0. 29. 27. If m1 = m2 and m1 is moving at a certain instant with velocity 29. Statement . shown in the figure. RESPONSE 30. 26. Two masses of m1 and m2 are connected of the slope with a thread which is parallel to the slope. the string fixed from ceiling of lift with a frictionless pulley and angle of inclination is α = 37°. Statement .5 m/s 2 (c) remains constant 3 (d) depend upon acceleration of lift (c) 10 m/s 2 (d) 5 m/s 2 M ARK YOUR 25. 94 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r PASSAGE-9 PASSAGE-10 A lift can move upward or downward. RESPONSE .75 m/s 2 (d) m / s2 6 (c) (m1 + m2 ) g (d) zero 27.5 m/s 2 3 26.

it will loose the contact with the ground. T2 = 15 N (d) T1 = 54. cord 2 50° 4 4 4F 4F P 30N (c) mg + (d) mg - 3 3 cord 1 3. T2 = 300 N. 7. The magnitude of acceleration of the 10 kg block is W1 W2 (a) 3.2 N (d) 42.2 m/s² (C) T1 = 400 N. (c) 3. (c) upwards (d) upwards 5 5 /////////////////////////////////////////////// ////////////////////////// PASSAGE-2 60° T1 A block of mass 15 kg is placed over a frictionless horizontal T2 surface. If both the blocks are stationary. The weight W1 in figure is 300N. .6 T3 T1 15 kg 53° T 2 37° F=80N A C Smooth 4. (θ = 37° with (a) 8 m/s² (b) 4 m/s² horizontal). Σ = 0 and Στ = 0 25 5 3 4 (a) mg (b) mg (c) mg (d) mg 7. If acceleration of block A is a rightward. 5.3 N. T3 . find 3a 4a T1 and T2 . The magnitude of acceleration of the 15 kg block is (B) T1 = 500 N. the block B will accelerate in upward PASSAGE-3 direction and simultaneously the block A will move toward right. LAWS OF M OTION 91 Block A presses the block B in the normal direction. As shown in figure.4 N.2 m/s² (b) 2. 4.2 m/s² (b) 3. If W = 40N in the equilibrium situation shown in figure. A force F = 80N is applied horizontally to the free end of the string. RESPONSE 6. T2 = 25 N 0. that is 70° connected with a light string passing over two pulleys fastened W to the 15 kg block. string and connecting rods are (b) T1 = 58. Another block of mass 10 kg is placed over it.2N (b) 22. (Take g = 10 m/s²) (c) T1 = 65. T2 = 400 N. Pulley.6. T3 = 670 N. due to which 6.0 m/s² (D) T1 = 500 N.6 m/s² (d) 0. T2 = 21 N 9. the force exerted by ground on block A is //////////////////////////////// ////////////////////////// 40° 3F 3F (a) mg + (b) mg . T2 = 400 N. 9. then magnitude of acceleration of pressing force on vertical wall will increase and pressing force on 15 kg block will be the horizontal wall decrease. W2 = 530 N (a) 4. T2 = 31 N massless. T3 = 300 N. 8. Σ Fy = 0.8 m/s² As soon as the pressing force on the horizontal wall by block B becomes zero. If the value of F is further increased. W2 = 530 N 5. T2 . and W2 . the tension in the horizontal cord is 12 4 4 3 30N. 2. as we increase F. The weight of the object is 2. The portion of the string between 10 kg block and the upper pulley is horizontal.2 N (a) upwards (b) upwards (c) 39. W2 = 530 N M ARK YOUR 1. What is minimum value of F. then acceleration of weight = W block B will be 3a 4a (a) 25.2 m/s² (d) 4. 3. 1.3 N. Find T1 . If applied force F = 120 N. W2 = 530 N (c) 16/3 m/s² (d) 2.3 N. T2 = 400 N. T3 = 670 N.0 m/s² (c) 1. Friction coefficient between two blocks is (a) T1 = 48. 10kg ////////////////////////////////////////////////// µ=0. T3 = 670 N. to lift block B from ground ? For the object to be in equilibrium Σ Fx = 0.8 m/s² (A) T1 = 500 N.5 N 4 3 8.

Their upward (a) 327 N (b) 164 N (c) 315 N (d) 300 N direction is taken as positive. At the instant speed of block of mass m1 is maximum. 92 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 13. (c) 3.5 6 a fixed inclined surface making an angle θ = 37° with 5m/s horizontal. PASSAGE-4 the compression in the spring is (a) 5 cm (b) 10 cm In figure. 11. One end of a light spring of spring constant k = 100 N/m is free and other end is connected to a support S rigidly fixed to inclined surface.78 m/s 2 (b) 0. 16. the reading (a) 1.1s At time t = 0 both blocks are released at rest from shown (c) t = 2. The man will not be in contact with weighing machine at between block of mass m1 and inclined plane is µ 1 = 0. the weights of the objects are 200 N and 300 N. Acceleration of A is increases and when the lift is accelerating down. 12. 13. What will be the maximum reading of the weighing machine? (a) 90 kg (b) 100 kg 8m m2 =1 . 17.39 m/s 2 decreases. RESPONSE 15. The maximum force exerted by block of mass m1 on block of mass m2 is T2 P2 40 (a) zero (b) N 3 A 80 (c) N (d) 40N T1 3 200N B PASSAGE-6 300N An elevator is moving in vertical direction such that its 10. (Take g = 10 m/s 2 ) 17. 18. The pulleys are essentially frictionless and massless. Pulley (c) 20 cm (d) 60 cm P1 has a stationary axle but pulley P2 is free to move up and 14. When the lift is (a) 327 N (b) 164 N (c) 315 N (d) 300 N accelerated up. . A man of mass 60 kg is standing 11. the down. If the total mass of (elevator + man) system is 150 kg.56 m/s 2 (d) 2.4 m1 (c) 6 kg (d) None of these L m 18. Tension T2 is in the elevator on a weighing machine.72 m/s 2 5m/s PASSAGE-5 t(sec) Two blocks of mass m1 = 10 kg and m2 = 20 kg are placed on 0 1 2 3 4 5 5. The coefficient of friction 16. At the instant the speed of block of mass m1 is maximum.5 and time that between block of mass m2 and inclined plane is µ2 = 1. Tension T1 is velocity varies with time as shown in figure. 14. the N/ 000 maximum tension in the cable supporting the lift will be 1 k= (a) 1500 N (b) 3000 N S θ = 37° (c) 2250 N (d) None of these ///////////////////////////////////////// M ARK YOUR 10. (a) t = 1s (b) t = 5. speed of block of mass m2 is //////////////////////////////// / //////////// (a) zero (b) 2 m/s 2 4 (c) m/s (d) m/s 3 3 P1 15.2s position.4s (d) t = 4. the reading of the weighing machine 12.

4. Two blocks A and B of equal masses m kg each are connected rough A by a light thread. 20. 22. The friction force absorb x mechanical 24.25 sec. There is no friction between the ground and lower block. . Assume 5 kg B friction to be absent everywhere and both the blocks to be ////////////////////////// Smooth always in contact with the wedge. The upper block vB slides toward right. Normal reaction (in N) acting on block B is t m m (a) (3g − 4a ) (b) (4 g + 3a ) v 5 5 m m vA (c) (3g + 4a ) (d) (4 g − 3a ) 5 5 20. which passes over a massless pulley as 5 kg shown. This PASSAGE-7 will continue till velocity of both the block get equal. energy to lower block. After what time. 21. Normal reaction (in N) acting on block A is (b) vB m m (a) (3g + 4a ) (b) (4 g − 3a ) 5 5 t m m (c) (3g − 4a ) (d) (4 g + 3a ) v 5 5 21. The maximum value of acceleration a (in m/s 2 ) for which normal reactions acting on the block A and block B are non vA zero is (c) 3 3 5 4 vB (a) g (b) g (c) g (d) g 4 5 3 3 t v PASSAGE-8 vA Block A of 5 kg is placed on long block B also having 5 kg. (b) 2. (d) None of these M ARK YOUR 19. Its reaction will act on the lower block. Due to friction the velocity of upper (c) 1.25 sec. so friction force acting on it will be t toward left. Both the blocks lie on wedge of mass m kg. LAWS OF M OTION 93 block reduces and velocity of lower block increases. The coefficient of friction between two block is 0. The net energy loss due to friction in the entire process is smooth horizontal surface is pulled towards right with constant acceleration a (m/s 2 ) (g is acceleration due to (a) x + y (b) x – y (c) x (d) y 23. RESPONSE 24. which will act forward. The wedge lying over 22. both the blocks start moving together ? energy from upper block but supply only y mechanical (a) 1 sec. The upper (d) block is given a sudden velocity of 10 m/s. Which curve shows the correct variation of velocity of each gravity) block v/s time ? v A B m m vA 37° 53° a ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// (a) vB 19. 23.

Friction is negligible. If m1 + m2 = m and lift is moving with constant velocity then value of T1 5 (a) ≥ mg (b) = mg (c) ≤ mg (d) > mg (a) m / s2 (b) 0. A light inextensible A body of mass m = 1. 28. If m1 = m2 and m1 is moving at a certain instant with velocity 29. RESPONSE 30. 2. The tension in thread is v upward with respect to lift and the lift is moving in upward (a) 12 N (b) 10 N direction with constant acceleration (a < g) then speed of (c) 8 N (d) 4 N m1 with respect to lift 30.2 : The value of coefficient of friction is Statement . and is attached to the top end tensioninstring T1 .5 m/s 2 (c) remains constant 3 (d) depend upon acceleration of lift (c) 10 m/s 2 (d) 5 m/s 2 M ARK YOUR 25.1 : A rocket moves forward by pushing the bus at high speed. Statement . 26. Statement . M ARK YOUR 1. Two masses of m1 and m2 are connected of the slope with a thread which is parallel to the slope.5 m/s 2 3 26.1 : On a rainy day it is difficult to drive a car or 2. 27. RESPONSE . forward according to Newton’s third law of motion. the string fixed from ceiling of lift with a frictionless pulley and angle of inclination is α = 37°. T1 m a T2 m1 /////////////////////////////////////////////// m2 28. shown in the figure.2 : It derives the necessary thrust to move lowered due to wetting of the surface. 29. If m1 is very small as compared to m2 and lift is moving with constant velocity then value of T2 is nearly 5 (a) m2 g (b) 2m1 g (c) 0.75 m/s 2 (d) m / s2 6 (c) (m1 + m2 ) g (d) zero 27. The acceleration if the body pushes the slope with a force 3 of mg is 4 25. surrounding air backwards. Statement . 1. 94 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r PASSAGE-9 PASSAGE-10 A lift can move upward or downward. with inextensible light string and tension in this string T2 as Then the slope is moved with a horizontal acceleration of a. At what acceleration will the body lose contact with plane? (a) increases 40 (b) decreases (a) m/s 2 (b) 7.8 kg is placed on an inclined plane.

horizontal surface is pulled by constant Statement . Statement . Statement . The cloth can be pulled out vertical force of magnitude F (figure ii). by a massless spring are lying on smooth 8. the box on the man. RESPONSE 8. Friction coefficient is same for both the bodies. friction between the man’s foot and ground to prevent him Statement . 7. whereas there is sufficient inertial frame of reference. shape and motion remains same.2 : For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Statement . because F Statement . (ii) both bodies perform imperfect rolling. smooth horizontal surface A frame placed on sun is an inertial frame. Statement .2 : Friction force applied by the ground on good stability.1 : The force applied by the man on the box is 4. in the universe.1 : A man in a closed cabin falling freely does 11. opposite to that of velocity of block as a The man moves the box with a constant acceleration of 2m/s 2 consequence of Newton’s third law. Statement .1 : Use of ball bearings between two moving equal and opposite to the force applied by parts of a machine is a common practice. 5. There is no friction constant speed on a straight road is an between the box and the ground. 12. fixed at one end of spring in direction 10.2 : Force of friction will be same for both the 12. Statement . (i) Fig. 7. 11. then Statement . Statement . Some dishes are pulled vertically upwards by a constant kept on it. mass m1 is pulled to right by a horizontal where µ = coefficient of friction between force of magnitude F. of rod. table. Their size. M ARK YOUR 3.1 : Work done by friction for the motion of Statement .2 : Inertial frame is non-accelerating in nature.2 : A reference frame in which Newton's laws from slipping.2 : Ball bearings reduce vibrations and provide Statement . earth and sun. 5. Another identical elastic rod is 6.2 : In a uniform elastic rod. LAWS OF M OTION 95 3. 9.1 : A cloth covers a table. compressed state. 6.1 : If we assume that there are only two m2 m1 F ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// bodies. of motion are applicable is non-inertial. Statement . The block of two surfaces is µ × normal reaction. . A solid sphere and a hollow sphere of same mass M and same radius R are released from the top of a rough inclined F ///////////////////////////////////////// plane.1 : Maximum value of friction force between horizontal surface as shown. A man of mass 80 kg pushes a box of mass 20 kg horizontally. the man is 200 N.1 : The driver in a vehicle moving with a but his foot does not slip on the ground.1 : A uniform elastic rod lying on smooth not experience gravity. applied force. Statement . in figure (i). If Fig. 9.2 : Friction force between surface of a body of mass m2 is towards left even if its is always less than or equal to externally velocity is towards right. The without dislodging the dishes from the extension in both rods will be same. Statement . Statement .2 : A massless spring exerts force on a block Statement . 10. the acceleration of block Statement . When the spring is surfaces. Statement . 4.2 : Inertial and gravitational mass have horizontal force of magnitude F as shown equivalence.1 : Two blocks of mass m1 and m2 connected bodies. the extension bodies from top of incline to the bottom depends only on forces acting at the ends will be same for both the bodies.

The block is suspended by a string (tension T) partially (c) T3 = 877 N (d) T4 = 877 N & T5 = 651 N in the liquid.1 : Two blocks of masses m1 and m2 are Statement . 2. where a 1 and a 2 are the 14. 14. The mass of block is m1 and that of liquid with the vessel is (a) T1 = 346 N (b) T2 = 346 N m2 . Statement . Choose the correct option(s) (b) can be greater than (m1 + m2 )g (c) is equal to (m1 g + m2 g – T) (d) can be less than (m1 + m2 )g 3. A rope extends between two poles. 96 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 13. as shown in figure. /////////////// Then T F1 F2 (a) F1 = F2 (b) F1 < F2 (c) F1 > F2 (d) F1 = 2F2 M ARK YOUR 1.1 : Newton’s first law of motion can be derived magnitudes of acceleration of blocks of using Newton’s second law. (Symbols have usual meanings) M ARK YOUR 13. 10° 5° T1 T2 /////////////////////////////////////////////// ////////////////////////// 70° 70° T4 T5 T3 C B 30° 30° T1 T2 A (a) T1 = 346 N (b) T2 = 342 N 600N (c) T2 = 322 N (d) T1 = 342 N 2. the coefficient of kinetic friction below the vessel between the block and the surface is the same. A 90N boy hangs from (a) can be (m1 + m2 )g it. RESPONSE 1.2 : Internal forces with in a system does not connected by a light extensible string depend on net force on the system (having non zero tension) and this system because sum of all internal forces within a lies on smooth horizontal surface. The reading of the weighing machine placed 4. 3. block of mass m1 is pulled to right by horizontal force of magnitude F as shown. In the two cases shown. and both the identical blocks are moving with the same uniform speed. RESPONSE . m2 m1 F ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// Then the value of m1 a 1 + m2 a 2 does not depend on tension in the string connecting smooth horizontal surface both the blocks. 4. Statement . masses m1 and m2 respectively. Statement .2 : In inertial frame a = F/m hence a = 0 when F = 0. The system is zero. Choose the correct option(s) for the figure shown.

All the blocks shown in the figure are at rest. Choose the correct alternative(s). A frictional force of 10N acts between A and as shown. x-axis is horizontal and y-axis vertical smooth and the strings are light. The block A is about to slide on block B. Coefficient of friction at all as shown. Then (Take g = 10m/s 2 ) statements is/are true ? F0=100N ///////////// k1=2N/cm k2=? M m ////////////////////////////////////////////// 2 kg (a) The force exerted on block of massm by the right spring is 6N to the left 4 kg (b) The net force on block of mass m is zero (a) acceleration of both the masses is same (c) The force exerted on block of massm by the right spring (b) magnitude of acceleration of 2 kg mass is 15 m/sec2 is impossible to determine (c) magnitude of acceleration of 4 kg mass is 2. 6. Two blocks of mass M and m. B is 110N (b) acceleration of A relative to B is in positive x-direction. block will start moving and a constant friction force of magnitude µs mg will act on the block W (b) If µkmg < F < µsmg . while the right spring is compressed connecting both the blocks is light and inextensible. A block of mass m is lying at rest on a rough horizontal W lean against each other and a string is tied between E and surface having coefficient of kinetic and static friction µk F. 7. The system is at rest. The string compressed by 3cm.2. Just after the system is released from the position contacts is 0. block will start moving and a E F T T constant friction force of magnitude µk mg will act on B C the block ////////////////////////////////////////////// (c) If F < µsmg. (d) the frictional force exerted by the ground on the block B is zero M ARK YOUR 5. block will move with a constant acceleration equal in magnitude to the tension T in the string F − µ k mg (b) tension T = (W/2) cot θ given by (c) the normal reaction at B and C are equal m (d) the normal reaction at B or C is greater than W 7. are used to compress two 8. B.5 m/sec2 (d) The normal force exerted by block of mass m on block (d) acceleration of both the masses is upward of mass M is 6N 9. Then and µs respectively. (b) the normal reaction exerted by the ground on the block (c) the horizontal acceleration of B relative to ground is in B is 50N negative x-direction (c) the frictional force exerted by the ground on the block (d) the acceleration of B relative to ground directed along B is 20N theinclinedsurfaceoC f is greater than g sin θ. each of weight 6. They stand on a smooth horizontal surface. . The pulley is A. The normal reaction y and frictional force exerted by the ground on the block B is A A B C x 5kg ////////////////////////////////////// B Horizontal surface (a) acceleration of A relative to ground is in negative (a) the normal reaction exerted by the ground on the block y-direction. LAWS OF M OTION 97 5. 8. B and C are movable. (a) If F > µsmg. 9. A force by an unknown amount. The left spring is massless pulley as shown in the figure. Which of the following system upwards. block will not start moving (a) the force exerted by one ladder on the other at A is (d) If F > µsmg. RESPONSE 10. All the blocks 10. Now a constant horizontal force is A applied on the block in the horizontal direction. and all F0 = 100N acting at the axis of the pulley accelerates the surfaces are fixed and smooth. Two blocks of masses m1 = 2 kg and m2 = 4 kg over a different massless springs as shown. Two uniform and equal ladders AB and AC. In the figure shown all the surface are smooth.

The resultant R of these forces is parallel to everywhere.2 N that the maximum allowable tension is 1400N in cable AC (c) Block is moving upwards and 700N in cable BC. Choose the correct option(s).15 W (d) vB = u/cos θ 13. 15. . applied at C is 1510 N (b) the value of θ is 37. The pulley is fixed. Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. the blocks are of equal masses.58 +   g (c) vB = u cos θ (d) The forces on the ball from inclined surface is 1. 14. Friction is absent inclined plane. In the position shown. 12. In the figure. Knowing (b) R = 146. The horizontal force F = 600N and the pressure P exerted by the wedge is fixed on horizontal surface. W  0. choose the correct options (d) Block is moving downwards M ARK YOUR 11. RESPONSE 16. 13. When the system is released from rest the incline. Weight of the (c) the magnitude of the largest force F which may be ball is W. and vB = the speed of B. Choose the correct option(s) (a) If the acceleration of the moving box is to be zero then P is 223N (b) If the acceleration of the moving box is to be 0. (a) The force on the ball from vertical surface is 1.15 W P (b) The force on the ball from inclined surface is B θ  a W  0.75 m/s 2 C θ then P is 206 N (c) If the acceleration of the moving box is to be zero then F P is 206 N (a) the magnitude of the largest force F which may be (d) If the acceleration of the moving box is to be 0. 98 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 11. Two blocks A and B of equal mass m are connected through 16. W = 400N A /// ///// / /// Fixed F = 600N ///// //// 30° B ///// // /// ///// P // /// 45° (a) tension in string is mg/2 ///// (b) tension in string is mg/4 //// 30° (c) acceleration of A is g/2 (d) acceleration of A is 3g/4 (a) P = 670 N 14. The friction force retarding the motion A 30° 55° B is 80N. a a massless string and arranged as shown in figure. A horizontal force P is exerted on a 20 kg box in order to slide it up a 30° incline. The system in figure is given an acceleration.75 m/s 2 applied at C is 1210 N then P is 223 N (b) the value of θ is 57.5° 12. A moves down with a speed //////////////////////////////// / //////////// u.5° a 30° 15. The block shown is acted on by its weight W = 400N.58 +  ///////////////////////////////// u  g A (c) The force on the ball from vertical surface is (a) B will never lose contact with the ground (b) The downward acceleration of A is equal in magnitude  a to the horizontal acceleration of B.

Choose the about its own axis. . LAWS OF M OTION 99 17. 19. T1 A the tension in the string and the velocity of the bob are T WB=50N and V respectively. In the arrangement shown in the Fig. 20.53 m/s 2 strings AP and BP of length l each. P Q B 60° C M 30° 45° θ 400N Mass M moves upwards with a speed A (a) 2Ucos θ (b) U/ cosθ (a) magnitude of force along AC is 107 N (c) 2U / cos θ (d) U cos θ (b) the tension in cable BC is 200 N (c) magnitude of force along AC is 207 N 21. A reference frame attached to the earth (d) the tension in cable BC is 400 N (a) is an inertial frame by definition. A simple pendulum of length L and mass (bob) M is a B oscillating in a plane about a vertical line between angular a T2 limit – φ and + φ . The (c) The acceleration of the system is 3. Force at C θ θ is 400N. Figure shows a beam AC supported by cable BC. A is (c) is an inertial frame because Newton’s laws are applicable placed on a horizontal plane while B is placed on an inclined in this frame.32 N A 20. B and C are connected by inextensible light (b) cannot be an inertial frame because the earth is strings as shown. Then (d) The tension in the two strings are 16. Pulleys A and B are fixed. The following relations hold good under T1 T2 the above conditions : WA=40N (a) T cos θ = Mg Mv2 (b) T – Mg cos θ = L Wc=150N (c) The magnitude of the tangenial acceleration of the bob a | aT | = g sin θ (d) T = Mg cos θ M ARK YOUR 17. the ends P and Q of an unstretchable string move downwards with uniform speed P U.32 N P rotates around the axis with an angular velocity ω. The separation AB = l. 50N and 150N respectively.25. A particle P of mass m is attached to a vertical axis by two (a) The acceleration of the system is 6.65 N and 18. 22. correct option(s).65 N and 13. Three bodies A. 19. 18. 21. Choose the correct option(s). The weights of these bodies are 40N.53 m/s 2 tensions in the two strings are T1 and T2 . plane which is at an inclination of tan–1 (3/4) with the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic friction between bodies (d) cannot be an inertial frame because the earth is rotating A and B and the planes are same equal to 0. The pulleys are frictionless. RESPONSE 22. For an angular displacement θ ( | θ | < φ ). (b) The tension in the two strings are 36. revolving round the sun. B (a) T1 = T2 A B (b) T1 + T2 = mω2 l (c) T1 – T2 = 2mg (d) BP will remain taut only if ω ≥ 2g / l 18.

If C denotes the centre of mass of the whole assembly and N1 & N2 are the normal reaction as shown.Lett P and t Q be the respective times taken by P and Q to reach the point B. C lies above P (p) N1 > N10 (B) Case II. Friction between the bead and (c) t P > tQ thestringmaybeneglected. When F = 0. A particle P is sliding down a frictionless hemispherical bowl. RESPONSE 1. C lies below P (r) N 2 > N20 (D) Case II. At this instant of time. In the shown assembly on wheels. a force F is applied at point P as shown in the figure. with the speed v. Then : t P length o f a r c ACB (d) = Q tQ length o f arc AB A B P C M ARK YOUR 23. 100 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 23. N1 = N10 and N2 = N20 F P N1 N2 Column-I Column -II (A) Case I. C lies below P (s) N 2 < N20 . the horizontal component of its velocity is v. Case II : Wheels are jammed such that the van doesn’t move. t P < tQ (a) It passes the point A at t = 0. A bead Q of the (b) tP = tQ same mass as P is ejected from A at t = 0 along the horizontal string AB. C lies above P (q) N1 < N10 (C) Case I. Case I : Wheels are frictionless. Consider the following two cases.

(r) 3 N when F = 10 N can have the values (s) (D) Net friction exerted on a block. Column II indicates possible direction(s) of the physical quantities mentioned under Column I.2. LAWS OF M OTION 101 2. A block A is placed on wedge B. if (s) 4 N F = 3 N can have the value(s) 4. 3 kg block is just about to leave ground. All the contact surfaces are rough but friction is not sufficient to prevent sliding at any surface. Coefficient of friction between any two surfaces is µ = 0. Column I Column II Vertical s Y (A) Acceleration of A (p) (B) Net force applied by A on B (q) Horizontal (C) Acceleration of A relative to B (r) p (D) Net force applied by ground on B (s) q r θ X 1. which is placed on horizontal surface. (tan 37° = 3/4) String 2 String 1 5 kg 37° 3 kg 1 kg F Column I Column II (A) Tension in string 1 (p) 80 N (B) Tension in string 2 (q) 64 N (C) Net force by ground on 5 kg block (r) 50 N (D) Net force on 3 kg block (s) 24 N 3. 2. X and Y axes are along the incline and perpendicular to the incline. 3. For a particular value of F. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . choose the correct choice if it is true for any block F 2 kg 4 kg Column I Column II (A) Limiting friction force on block (p) 12 N of 2 kg or 4 kg or ground is (B) Net friction exerted by 4 kg (q) Zero block on ground when F = 3 N (C) Net friction force on a block. 4. A block of mass 2 kg is placed on 4 kg block and force F is applied on the block of mass 2 kg as shown in the figure. Match Column I and II. System of blocks are placed on a smooth horizontal system as shown.

Pulleys and string are light. Column II gives certain situations involving two blocks of mass 2 kg and 4 kg. m2 and M are arranged as shown in figure. m2 M m1 F /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// smooth horizontal surface Column I Column II F (A) Acceleration of mass m1 (p) m1 F (B) Acceleration of mass m2 (q) m1 + m2 (C) Acceleration of mass M (r) zero m2 F (D) Tension in the string (s) m1 + m2 5. The 4 kg block lies on a smooth horizontal table. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . All the surfaces are frictionless and string is inextensible. Match the statements in column I with the figure in column II. A constant horizontal force of magnitude F is applied on block of mass m1 as shown. Horizontal forces act on one or both blocks are shown. Part of the string connecting both pulleys is vertical and part of the strings connecting pulleys with masses m1 and m2 are horizontal. Column I Column II 2kg 4kg 12N (A) Magnitude of frictional force is maximum (p) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ 2kg 12N 4kg (B) Magnitude of frictional force is least (q) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ 2kg 6N 4kg 6N (C) Frictional force on 2 kg block is towards right (r) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ 8N 2kg 20N 4kg (s) \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ 6. Three blocks of masses m1 . There is sufficient friction between both the blocks and there is no relative motion between both the blocks in all situations. 6. Column I gives certain statement related to figures given in column II. 102 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 5.

r.t.t. cart 60 40° (C) (r) 91 N 40° a = g sin 37° 5mg //////////////////////////////////// (D) (s) 3 37° Cart is accelerating freely on the incline. particle equal to m : Column I Column II Column I Column II /////////////// 53° 4mg 20N (A) (p) 5 (A) 55° (p) 46 N 50N //////////////////////////////////// Extreme position in simple pendulum /////////////// 37° 5mg (B) (q) 4 N 60 Conical pendulum (B) (q) 33.6 N 40° 53° a //////////////////////////////////// 3mg (C) (r) 5 Cart is accelerated such that particle remains at rest as N 70N shown w. LAWS OF M OTION 103 7.r. Column II shows normal force acting on the block in each 8. cart as shown. Particle remains at rest w. 8. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . Match the column to value of tension assuming mass of of the equilibrium situations shown in column I. 7.

Two blocks of masses 20kg and 10kg are kept on a rough horizontal floor. Match the statements in column I with points in column II. µs = 0. P and R lie on same horizontal level as O. 10. Horizontal forces of magnitude 20N and 60N are applied on both the blocks as shown in figure. There is no relative motion between block and the plank and the block does not loose contact with the plank anywhere. P. Q block C plank R P O S Column I Column II (A) Magnitude of frictional force on block is maximum (p) when block is at position P (B) Magnitude of normal reaction on block is equal to mg (q) when block is at position Q (C) Magnitude of frictional force is zero (r) when block is at position R (D) Net contact force on the block is directed towards (s) when block is at position S the centre 10. Match the statements in column I with the statements in column II. 104 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 9. The surface of contact of both blocks are smooth. F 1=20N 20kg 10kg F2 =60N left //////////////////////////////////// µ=0.5N upon incline of inclination 30° and coefficient of friction 1/ 3 (D) Block of mass 2 kg pulled vertically by a force 20N (s) Resultant force on the block is zero (t) Force of friction is 10 N 9. Q. Match the columns – (g = 10 m/s 2 ) Column I Column II (A) Block of mass 2 kg on a rough horizontal surface (p) Tension at the mid point of block is 10N pulled by a horizontal force of 20N. 11. Q is the highest point on the circle and S is the lowest point on the shown circle.2.75kg pulled by a constant force of (r) Force of friction acting is 5N 7. R and S are four points on circular trajectory of centre C of platform. The plank is moved in vertical plane such that it always remains horizontal and its centre C moves in a vertical circle of centre O with constant angular velocity ω.5 (B) Block of mass 2 kg pulled with constant speed up an (q) Acceleration of block is 5 m/s 2 incline of inclination 30° and coefficient of friction 1/ 3 (C) Block of mass 0. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE .2 right rough horizontal floor Column I Column II (A) Frictional forces acting on block of mass 10 kg (p) has magnitude 20N (B) Frictional forces acting on block of mass 20 kg (q) has magnitude 40N (C) Normal reaction exerted by 20kg block on 10 kg block (r) is zero (D) Net force on system consisting of 10kg block and (s) is towards right (in horizontal direction) 20kg block 11. A small block lies on a rough horizontal platform above its centre C as shown in figure. The coefficient of friction between both blocks and floor is µ = 0.

with the vertical. Another block is plane which makes an angle of 30º with the horizontal. LAWS OF M OTION 105 12. 2. in time t seconds. dropped vertically from the same point. Match the columns regarding friction on the wheels of bicycle. 1. The whole system is in equilibrium.8 × 10–3 kg per metre passes over a 2. A block slides down a smooth inclined plane to the ground frictionless pulley fixed on the top of an inclined frictionless when released at the top. A bicycle moves forward and assume that the rider is not braking and pedaling at the same time. Column I Column II (A) When rear brakes are applied on a bicycle and (p) Friction force will be forward on both wheels it does not slide (B) When front brakes are applied on a bicycle and (q) Friction force will be backward on both wheels it does not slide (C) When front and rear brakes are applied (r) Friction force will be forward on rear wheel and simultaneously so hard that both wheels stop backward on front wheel rotating (D) When force on pedals is applied to accelerate (s) Friction force will be backward on rear wheel and bicycle without sliding forward on front wheel 12. A wire of mass 9. mass M 1 rests on the plane and mass M2 hangs freely Then find the angle (in degree) of inclination of the plane vertically downwards. in the absence of Masses M1 and M2 are tied at the two ends of the wire. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE 1. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . Now a transverse wave propagates along the wire with a velocity of 100 ms –1 . Find the value of (M1 + M2 ) in kg. The the inclined plane and reaches the ground in t/2 second.

3. The coefficient of friction between m1 and M and that between m2 and ground is 0. In the figure masses m1 . The coefficient of friction between any two surfaces is µ ( =0. 6. The string is perfectly horizontal between P1 and F A m1 and also between P2 and m2 . The masses of 10 kg and 20 kg respectively are connected ( = 2ms −1 ) . 5 kg and 50 kg respectively. m 20 kg M 10 kg 200 newton 6. T f3 P1 m1 A block A of mass m1 (= 10 kg) rests on a block B of mass m2 (=20 kg). B rests on fixed surface. 4. At the instant shown. For a particular F it is found that f1 = 2f2 . is zero. the 10 kg mass has block is µ ( = 0. The system is started towards right with an initial velocity v 3. L (= 4 cm). With what force m2 should A be dragged so as to keep both A and B moving with uniform speed? 5. The friction coefficient between road and bigger by a massless spring in fig. The coefficient of friction between M and ground 4. m2 and M are 20 kg. A and B are M F P2 connected by a massless string passing around a frictionless pulley fixed to the wall as shown in fig. The string is perfectly vertical f2 f1 between P1 and P2 . M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . Find ( f1 − f 2 ) in newton.3 ) . What is the acceleration (in m/s 2 ) of time (in second) elapsed before the smaller block separates 20 kg mass? from the bigger block. Find the acceleration 12 m/sec2 .3) and between the blocks is µ/2. A force of 200 newton acts on the 20 kg mass. Take g = 10 m/s 2 . 106 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 3. The system can slide on a horizontal road. An external horizontal force F is applied B to the mass M. Figure shows a small block of mass m (= 10 kg) kept at the Let the magnitude of the force of friction between m1 and M left hand of a larger block of mass M (= 20 kg) and length be f1 and that between m2 and ground be f2 . 5. The pulleys and the strings are T massless.

At t = 0.) 5 5 released simultaneously? Initially the block 2m 2 A 25 m/s B θ A B 45º 9. sin θ = . The disc has an acceleration of 25 m/s 2 towards left. 8. Coefficient of kinetic vertically upward direction. A circular disc with a groove along its diameter is placed F =10t horizontally on a rough surface.3 respectively when B loses contact with floor. In the arrangement shown in figure mA = 1 kg and mB = 2 kg. a force F = 10 t starts acting over central pulley in A is 2 m behind the block B. When will the two blocks 4 3 come on the same line on the inclined plane if they are disc. (g =10 m/s 2 ). Two blocks A and B of equal masses are placed on rough Find the acceleration (in m/s 2 ) of the block with respect to inclined plane as shown in figure. LAWS OF M OTION 107 7. 5 A B 7. M ARK YOUR RESPONSE . The co-efficient of friction between the block and all surfaces of groove and horizontal surface in contact is 2 µ= . (Given cos θ = .2 and 0. A block of mass 1 kg is placed as shown. Find the velocity of A (in m/s) friction for the blocks A and B are 0. 8. while all the pulleys and strings are massless and frictionless. 9.

q.p 9.q. r.q.p. r . B .q. b. r.r 8.r. c) 19 (a. A . s 6. c.q. d) 20 (b) 23 (a) 3 (a. C . C . b. A . r 4. c) 12 (c. C . D . b) 4 (c. D . d) 13 (b.r 11. d) 10 (a. B . B . D . C .p. D .s.q. C . r. s. D . C . B .p. c) 17 (c. d) 7 (a. B .p.p.r.12 6 15 7 2 8 10 9 10 . d) 1. A . r 2. d) 9 (a. s. C . D . D . A . A . c. C . c) 2 (a.p. d) 18 (c.s.q. A . A . q. A . c. A . A .q. d) 11 (c.s 3. s. B .s. B . B . s 10.s. d) 15 (a. C .p. s.p.108 IIT-JEE P HYSICS C h a l l e n g e r 1 (c) 8 (a) 15 (c) 22 (c) 29 (a) 36 (d) 43 (a) 50 (d) 57 (b) 64 (a) 71 (d) 2 (c) 9 (d) 16 (d) 23 (a) 30 (b) 37 (c) 44 (c) 51 (d) 58 (b) 65 (c) 72 (b) 3 (a) 10 (a) 17 (a) 24 (c) 31 (c) 38 (a) 45 (a) 52 (c) 59 (d) 66 (d) 73 (a) 4 (c) 11 (b) 18 (d) 25 (c) 32 (a) 39 (b) 46 (a) 53 (b) 60 (c) 67 (d) 74 (a) 5 (b) 12 (c) 19 (b) 26 (d) 33 (a) 40 (b) 47 (a) 54 (b) 61 (a) 68 (a) 6 (c) 13 (a) 20 (c) 27 (d) 34 (a) 41 (a) 48 (b) 55 (c) 62 (b) 69 (c) 7 (a) 14 (c) 21 (b) 28 (b) 35 (a) 42 (b) 49 (d) 56 (a) 63 (a) 70 (b) 1 (c) 4 (a) 7 (a) 10 (a) 13 (c) 16 (b) 19 (c) 22 (b) 25 (c) 28 (d) 2 (c) 5 (b) 8 (b) 11 (b) 14 (a) 17 (a) 20 (b) 23 (a) 26 (b) 29 (a) 3 (a) 6 (b) 9 (a) 12 (a) 15 (a) 18 (c) 21 (d) 24 (c) 27 (c) 30 (a) 1 (a) 3 (c) 5 (a) 7 (d) 9 (d) 11 (c) 13 (c) 2 (a) 4 (c) 6 (b) 8 (c) 10 (b) 12 (c) 14 (d) 1 (a. d) 8 (b. t. d) 5 (a. B . s. s 12. D . d) 14 (b. b) 22 (b.q.p. d) 21 (b. D .q. B . d) 6 (c. A . B .q.s. c. b.r. s .p. s.s 5. d) 16 (a.q.r.s 7. C . r.q. A . b.r 1 30 2 60 3 4 4 150 5 0.r. C . C . D . B .q.r.r.q. q.p.p.