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COMPARING PASSAGES

STYLE: Sentence Structure:


CONTENT: Use of I/you/we
Facts Rhetorical question
Statistics Minor sentence
Details Parenthesis
Names Climactic sentence
Quotations Unusual sentence structure
References Repetition
Explanations Ellipsis
Anecdotes List
Analogies

STRUCTURE: STYLE : Techniques:


Introduction Alliteration
Conclusion Onomatopoeia
Relation between I &C Imagery (simile, metaphor)
Signposting Contrast
Paragraphing Irony
Linkage Paradox
Juxtaposition Word choice
Recurrent idea
Digression
Turning point Writers use all of the above to create
Climax -TONE

Formal versus Informal


Measured; Not conversational Contractions; colloquial;
involves reader; uses asides

Impersonal versus Personal


Does not use I, we, you, etc Uses personal
opinions/experience

Serious versus Humorous (light)


Avoids flippancy or jokiness Uses jokes, puns, quirky words, irony

Unemotional versus Emotional


Does not use loaded words/details Eg: sad; aggressive; disgusted;
excited; cynical; scathing; patronising;
angry; sympathetic; disappointed

Fact-based versus Experience based


Uses numbers, statistics, facts, technical terms, etc. Uses the experiences of the
writer or other people.

Neutral versus Partial (takes sides)


Deals with both sides equally Writers opinions, attitudes, feelings
Begin Q3 the comparison of texts
Start with a sentence about the overarching idea that links the two texts. (Leave out
mentioning the texts in the first sentence).
Then write a sentence that links the idea to both texts.
Next write a sentence that introduces the how each text explores the idea in individual
ways.

Similarities Differences
Both Whereas
Each of However
In each text But
The pair of texts On the other hand
While
Though

Similar similarly in a similar way Dissimilar


Parallel Different
Much the same Juxtaposing
Resemble each other Opposing
Related in several ways Unlike
Contrasting

For example:

Thoughts of the future and what the world may look like is a form of common curiosity. The
extracts from Big Hero Six and Lois Lowrys The Giver both explore our fears and hopes for
the future. Big Hero Six focuses upon our dreams for the future, set in a world of helpful
innovation, whereas The Giver has a far darker message of control and enslavement.

Adding extra information to points:


Conjunctions Prepositions
And So Within
As well as As In
Furthermore By Near
Also Since
Additionally Through Out
Likewise To Outside
On top of Apart from
Because of With
Along Before
Throughout Until

However, in the world of


In [Text B], however,
In contrast to this
The opposite of this is shown in , which
In a similar manner,
In the same way,
This is also apparent in ,
In much the same manner, [Text A] demonstrates
The audience can see a parallel in ,
In this aspect, resembles

Writing about both texts in the same sentence:

Use the nouns, adjectives and verbs in the chart below to help you. Start by choosing the noun
that helps you make your point, then pair it with an adjective, and then select a verb. Then
build your sentence around these.

Eg A fundamental point of contrast that separates Big Hero Six and The Giver is the
different attitudes the people in each of the societies have.

Nouns Adjectives Verbs


Difference Distinct Echoes
Contrast Clear Mirrors
Distinction Important Connects
Fundamental Unites
Connection Critical Parallels
Similarity Vital Links
Link Basic Resembles
Parallel major Share
Resemblance
Separates
Element Differs
Aspect Diverges
Attribute contrasts
Characteristic
Feature
Quality
point

Concluding adverbs and phrases:

Ultimately Finally,
Essentially The result of this,
Fundamentally As a result,
Basically As a consequence,
In the end,