By: NearBeerEngineer
josh.davis@live.ca
Hello!

es thermodynamic relationships to calculate the rate of heat transfer betw
d to estimate heat transfer throughout the walls of the metal tubing (which
e changes occur within the tubing (i.e. there are no chunks of ice that melt
cient (U) have been calculated by the author via several experiments using
can be found under the "Sample Data" tab. The user also has the option o
isothermal batch cooling is a complicated phenomenon and it should be no
he NonIsothermal equations shown in the figure above. If you discover an

e of heat transfer between the cooling coils and the hot wort. The
he metal tubing (which is likely reasonably accurate for thinwalled
chunks of ice that melt as the cooling water is heated). Estimated
veral experiments using his particular system and preloaded into this
er also has the option of providing their own overall heat transfer
non and it should be noted that the equations used in this workbook
ove. If you discover any issues let me know! Enjoy!

hot wort. The
for thinwalled
ed). Estimated
reloaded into this
heat transfer
n this workbook

Choose units from the dropdown menu on e
cell, then input your value for each para
Parameter
Wort Volume
Length of Submerged Chiller
Tubing Outer Diameter
Cooling Water Rate (w)
Cooling Water Inlet Temp (T1)
Initial Wort Temperature (t1)
Final Wort Temperature (t2)
Wort Density
Wort Heat Capacity (Cm)
Cooling Water Density
Cooling Water Heat Capacity (Cj)
Stirring Rate
11 L 0.25
5m 0.375
0.375 in 0.375
10 C 0.5
100 C 0.5
30 C 0.5
1.05 g/cm3
4187 J/(kg.K)
1 g/cm3
4187 J/(kg.K)
Constant and Vigorous
Parameter
Wort Volume
Length of Chiller
Tubing Outer Diameter
Cooling Water Rate (w)
Cooling Water Inlet Temp (Tc)
Initial Wort Temperature (T1)
Final Wort Temperature (T2)
Wort Density
Wort Heat Capacity (Cm)
Cooling Water Density
Cooling Water Heat Capacity (Cj)
Stirring Rate
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
uts in both metric and english units, for your enjoyment.
Metric English
11.00 L 2.906 gal
5.000 m 16.40419948 ft
0.009525 m 0.375 in
0.222222222 L/s (kg/s) 0.05870 gal/s
10 C 50 F
100 C 212 F
30 C 86 F
1.05 g/cm3 65.625 lb/ft3
4187 J/(kg.K) 1.000 BTU/(F.lb)
1 g/cm3 62.5 lb/ft3
4187 J/(kg.K) 1.000 BTU/(F.lb)
Constant and Vigorous
PreDefined PreDefined
joyment.
Calculated Valu
Parameter
Wort Mass (m)
Heat to Remove (Q)
Heat Transfer Area (A)
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient (U)
Metric English
11.55 kg 25.46 lb
3385190 J 3208.541 BTU
0.1496 m2 1.610477 ft2
1885 W/(m2.K) 331.9485 BTU/(ft2.h.F)
My system is made of 20 feet of 3/8 copper tubing, of which aproximately 19 feet is actu
submerged during cooling. It is coiled in an approximately an 18cm diameter. The tubin
isconnected to a utility sink via a faucet adapter and several feet of polyethylene tubing.
The following tests were done in an aluminum pot holding 10L of water (theoretical maxi
pot volume ~15L). Stirring was done with a long metal spoon and was constant and
vigourous. Temperatures were measured digitally at a point farthest from the cooling coil
the wall of the pot. The water was boiled and the empty wort chiller was submerged in t
boiling water for about 10 minutes to simulate sterilization. The overall heat transfer
coefficient was then determined for the system with and without stirring by backcalculat
the equations used in this workbook.
U = 1885 W/m2.K for the system when vigorous stirring was employed. This was proven
data set 1 and 3. Data set 4 confirmed this when a water cooling flow rate of roughly ha
used, holding U constant, and checking if the program predicted the time to cool correctl
did (it was off by 6 seconds, pretty solid!).
U = 1144 for the system when no stirring was employed. Data set 2 was used to determ
this.
DATA SET II
No stirring
Cooling Water T 14 C
Water Rate 0.113442995 L/s
Calculated U 1144 W/m2.K
t (s) T (F)
0 208
12 193
Wort Temperature  High
35 172
45 170 CE6605660al
55 165
64 160 CE6605660al
74 155
87 150 CE6605660al
100 145
Pot Temperature (F)
113 140 CE6605660al
134 135
153 130 CE6605660al
172 125
CE6605660al
CE6605660al CE6605660al
Pot Temperature (F)
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
DATA SET IV
Constant Stirring
Cooling Water T 14 C
Water Rate 0.061538462 L/s
Calculated U 1885 W/m2.K
0 210
22 193
36 185
44 180
53 175 Wort Temperature
63 170
73 165 CE6605660al
84 160 CE6605660al
95 155 CE6605660al
CE6605660al
106 150
CE6605660al
118 145
CE6605660al
133 140
CE6605660al
150 135 Pot Temperature (F)
CE6605660al
162 130
CE6605660al
180 125
CE6605660al
197 120
CE6605660al
219 115
CE6605660al
239 110
CE6605660al
263 105 0 25 50 75 1
290 100
321 95
357 90
397 85
447 80
511 75
601 70
aproximately 19 feet is actually
an 18cm diameter. The tubing
l feet of polyethylene tubing.
05660al
05660al
05660al
05660al
05660al
CE6605660al CE6605660al CE6615661al CE6615661al CE6625662al
Time (s)
05660al
05660al
05660al
CE6605660al CE6605660al CE6615661al CE6615661al CE6625662al
Time (s)
Time (s)
DATA SET I
Constant Stirring
Cooling Water T 14 C Wort Temperatur
Water Rate 0.113443 L/s
CE6605660al
Calculated U 1885 W/m2.K CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
t (s) T (F) CE6605660al
0 209 CE6605660al
CE6605660al
35 194 CE6605660al
110 163 Pot Temperature (F) CE6605660al
173 131 CE6605660al
CE6605660al
230 112 CE6605660al
322 90
360 83
434 74
464 70
Constant Stirring
Cooling Water T 14 C
Water Rate 0.113442995 L/s
Calculated U 1885 W.m2.K
0 210
30 196
42 185
48 180
58 172 Wort Temp
70 165
82 156 CE66
90 152
104 145 CE66
110 140
134 132 CE66
147 126
Pot Temperature (F)
CE66
CE66
CE66
CE66
gitation
5450475500525550575600625650
rt Temperature  High Flow, Constant Agitation
CE6605660al
CE6605660al f(x) = 50.7958972631 ln(x) + 385.8800693447
CE6605660al R = 0.9659857989
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
ure (F) CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
Time (s)
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
ot Temperature (F)
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
ot Temperature (F)
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
CE6605660al
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500
Time (s)
tion
0 450 500
For menu options:
L L/s (kg/s) m in
gal gal/s ft m
C kg No Stirring J/(kg.K)
F lb Intermittent BTU/(F.lb)
Constant and Vigorous
Custom
g/cm3 W/(m2.K) Automatic
lb/ft3 BTU/(ft2.h.F) Custom