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Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

every year? He (the Holy Prophet

Book of Hajj ) kept quiet, and he repeated (these
words) thrice, whereupon Allah's
Hajj is the 4th pillar of Islam as described by Messenger said: If I were to say" Yes," it
the Prophet . It is the most sacred journey would become obligatory (for you to
of the lifetime for the people. Hajj was perform it every year) and you would not be
declared obligatory in 9 Hijri. Obligation of able to do it. Then he said: Leave me with
Hajj is proved from Quran and hadth and what I have left to you, for those who were
its rejection is heresy. Hajj is obligatory once before you were destroyed because of
in a lifetime, if all the conditions are met. excessive questioning, and their opposition
to their apostles. So when I command you
Quran says: to do anything, do it as much as it lies in

your power and when I forbid you to do
anything, then abandon it. (Sahih Muslim,

Book 7, Hadith 3095)

3 87
Hajj is the name of wearing Ihrm, staying
at Araft on 9th zil hajj and performing
tawf of Kbah on specific date and time.
E As per Ahnh, there are 8 conditions for
Hajj and all should be fulfilled for it to
become obligatory upon a person:
Verily, the first House among all marked for the 1. Islam: The person must be a
worship o, the people are that which is in Mecca Muslim.
abounding in blessing and a guide of all world. 2. If he is in Dar ul-Harb (countries
Therein are clear signs; the place where Ibrahim which are not under Islamic rule), he
stood and whosoever enters it, is in security. And for must know that the Hajj is an
the sake of Allah, the people are to perform obligation in Islam.
pilgrimage to this House, who could find a way 3. Puberty: The person should have
thither. And who denies, and then Allah is reached puberty. Hajj done before
independent of entire world. (3:96) reaching puberty will be nafil Hajj.

4. Sane: The person should be mentally
D sane and sensible.
5. To be free: Hajj is obligatory only
And fulfil the Haj and Umrah for Allah. (2:196) one free people and not on slaves.
6. Healthy: The person should be
The Prophet said: healthy enough to go to Hajj on his

own. It is not obligatory upon

0 . " handicapped and lepers whose legs
are not present. Similarly it is also
8 not obligatory upon blinds and old
- - aged people who cannot ride even

while sitting. If a person was healthy
before and fulfilled other conditions
. "

Abu Hurairah reported: Allah's  for Hajj too but did not perform it
and now he has become
handicapped or sick or so old that
Messenger addressed us and said: O people!
Allah has made Hajj obligatory for you; so he cannot perform Hajj then he
perform Hajj. Thereupon a person said: must send someone on his behalf to
Messenger of Allah, (is it to be performed) perform Hajj.

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

7. Money & travel: The person should As per Hanafi School most virtuous is
have enough money for to and fro Qirn, then Tamattu and then Ifrd.
expenditure including travel. He
should also leave enough money
behind for expenditure of his

dependant family members till he
returns back. Chapter on what is narrated regarding
8. Time: It means above 7 condition hastening the Hajj.
should be met during the months of

Hajj i.e. Shawwl, Dhul-Qiadah and
Dhul-Hijjah; then only it will .

become obligatory.
The Prophet said: He who intends to
perform hajj should hasten to do so.
Types of Hajj
There are three types of Hajj: Tamattu, Ifrd
Explanatory Note: The Prophet
and Qirn.
mentioned the reason to hasten the
Tamattu means entering ihrm for Umrah Hajj in another hadith. Ibn Majah narrates:
only during the months of Hajj. When the
pilgrim reaches Mecca he performs tawf -

and sa for Umrah, and shaves his head or

" C
cuts his hair, and exits ihrm. Then when
the day of al-Tarwiyah, which is the 8th of

Dhul-Hijjah, comes, he enters ihrm for It was narrated from Ibn Abbas that Fadl
Hajj only, and does all the actions of Hajj. said or vice versa:
So, Tamattu involves a complete Umrah The Messenger of Allah said: Whoever
and a complete Hajj. intends to perform Hajj, let him hasten to
do so, for he may fall sick, lose his mount,
Ifrd means entering ihrm for Hajj only. or be faced with some need. (Ibn Majah,
When the pilgrim reaches Mecca he Book 25, Hadith 2994)
performs tawf al-qudoom (tawf of arrival)
and sa for Hajj, but he does not shave or Sadrush Shariah Mufti Amjad Ali Aazmi
cut his hair and does not exit ihrm, rather writes: When a person is able to perform
he remains in ihrm until he exits ihrm Hajj then it becomes obligatory upon him
after stoning Jamarat al-Aqabah on the day immediately on that year itself and now
of Eid. If he delays the sa of Hajj until delaying it is a sin. If he does not perform it
after the tawf of Hajj, there is nothing for few years then he is a fasiq (transgressor)
wrong with that. and his testimony will be rejected. However
whenever he performs it, it will be
Qirn means entering ihrm for Umrah and considered valid (ad) and not lapsed (qaza).
Hajj either together, or entering ihrm for
Umrah first then including Hajj in that Unless a person's obligatory acts are
before starting the tawf of Hajj. That is completed his nafil acts will not be accepted.
done by intending that his tawf and sa will Hence it is must for all of us to perform all
be for both Hajj and Umrah. our missed salah, fasting, Zakat and others
The actions done in Qirn are the same as
those done in Ifrd, except that the pilgrim
doing Qirn has to offer a hady (sacrifice)
whereas the pilgrim doing Ifrd does not.

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

of Allah said to us when we performed
Tawf with him in the rain. (Ibn Majah,
Chapter on what is narrated regarding
forgiveness of the pilgrim Book 25, Hadith 3237)




The Prophet said: Pilgrim is forgiven and

(those) for whom he sought forgiveness till . "
the end of Muharram ul-Harm.

Explanatory Note: The Prophet
. .
mentioned about forgiveness of

Haji in other ahdth also.

!"# !$% ."
If you meet a Haji, convey salaam and Abdullah bin Kinanah bin Abbas bin
handshake with him and ask him to seek Mirdas As-Sulami narrated that his father
forgiveness for you before he goes to his told him, from his father, that the
house as he is forgiven by Allah. (Musnad Messenger of Allah prayed for forgiveness
Ahmad bin Hambal) for his nation one evening at Araft, and
the response came:
I have forgiven them, except for the
" wrongdoer, with whom I will settle the
Abu Hurairah narrated that : The Messenger score in favour of the one whom he
wronged. He said: O Lord, if you will,
of Allah said: "Whoever performs Hajj
for Allah, and he does not have sexual then grant Paradise to the one who is
wronged, and forgive the wrongdoer. No
relations nor commit any sin, then his
previous sins will be forgiven." (Jami` at- response came (that evening).The next day
at Muzdalifah he repeated the supplication,
Tirmidhi 811)
and received a response to what he asked
for. He (the narrator) said: The Messenger

of Allah laughed, or he said, He smiled.

Abu Bakr and Umar said to him: May my

father and mother be ransomed for you, this
is not a time when you usually laugh. What
. "
made you laugh, may Allah make your years
. filled with laughter? He said: The enemy of
Allah, Ibls, when he came to know that
Dawd bin Ajlan said: We performed Allah answered my prayer and forgiven my
Tawf with Abu Iql in the rain, and when nation, took some dust and started to
we finished our Tawf , we came behind the sprinkle it on his head, uttering cries of woe
Maqm. He said: I performed Tawf with and doom, and what I saw of his anguish
Anas bin Malik in the rain. When we made me laugh. (Ibn Majah, Book 25,
finished the Tawf , we came behind the Hadith 3127)
Maqm and prayed two Rakah. Anas said
to us: Start your deeds anew, for you have This is the reason that pilgrim should do
been forgiven. This is what the Messenger supplication for himself and his family and

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

whole ummah as his supplications are


There is difference of opinion between .

scholars that weather Hajis minor sins are Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: The Talbiya
forgiven or major sins too. Our opinion is of Allah's Messenger was : (I respond to
that Almighty Allah is all powerful and he Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call,
can forgive all major sins as well, just like he and I am obedient to Your orders, You have
forgives minor sins. no partner, I respond to Your call All the
praises and blessings are for You, All the
sovereignty is for You, And You have no

partners with you. (Sahih al-Bukhri 1549)
Chapter on what is narrated regarding
Mulla Ali Qari writes:
Haj with raised voices and the flow of
( )

: - .




: : v

. : : . :

The most virtuous Haj is with Aj and Saj. v

Saj is raised voices and Aj is slaughtering the
sacrificial animal. Some said: flowing of
blood. In another narration, Saj is
slaughtering of sacrificial animal. Chapter on what is narrated regarding
mawaqt of Hajj.
Explanatory Note: In another hadith it is
b :
mentioned: :

! e :

Most beloved act to Allah is Aj and Saj
(Maani ul-Quran)

Imm Muhammad says: .


A man stood up and asked: O messenger of
Most virtuous Hajj is with Aj and Taj and Allah where should one enter ihrm for
that is raising your voice with talbiyah as it is Haj? The Messenger of Allah said: "The
sign of Hajj. people of Madinah should enter ihrm at
Dhu'l-Hulayfa, the people of Iraq should do
Imm Tirmizi mentions: so at Aqq, the people of Syria should do so
. . v
at al-Juhfa, and the people of Najd should
do so at Qarn."
Aj is raising voice with Talbiyah and Saj is
slaughtering of sacrificial animal.
Words of Talbiyah, as mentioned in hadth



Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

Hajj then to Mecca, they should also
} } assume Ihrm from here.
2. Zt-e-Arq: It is the mqt for the
people of Iraq.
Umar ibn Khattab gave sermon to people. 3. Juhfa: It is the mqt for Syrians but
He said: Who intended among you to now it is almost non-existent. There
perform Hajj, will not become muhrim is no population there and only a
except at mqt. The mqt which are few signs are remaining which will
specified by your Prophet for the people not be known to many.
of Madinah and people passing by it is at Hence Syrians assume Ihrm from
Dhul Hulayfa, for the people of Syria and Rabigh as Juhfa is close to it.
those passing by it is at al-Juhfa, for the 4. Qarn: It is the mqt for people of
people of Najd and those passing by it is at Najd. It is close to tif.
Qarn, for the people of Yemen and those 5. Yalamlam: It is mqt for the people
passing by it is at Yalamlam and for the of Yemen. (Bahar-e-Shariat, Vol 1,
people of Iraq and all others is at Arq. Page 1067

Explanatory Note: Hadith of Mqt is also
narrated by Imm Bukhri & Imm
Muslim. Chapter on what is narrated regarding
Imm Bukhri narrates: what kind of clothes muhrim should
" :


" ." ! e :

Abdullah bin `Umar said, "Allah's

Messenger said: 'The people of Medina .
should assume lhrm from Dhul-Hulaifa; Ibn Umar said: O Allah's apostle what kind
the people of Sham from Al-Juhfa; and the of clothes should a Muhrim wear?" The
people of Najd from Qarn." And `Abdullah Prophet , said, He should not wear a
added, "I was informed that Allah's shirt, a turban, trousers, a head cloak or
Messenger had said, 'The people of Yemen garment scented with saffron or Wars (kinds
should assume Ihrm from of perfumes). And if he has no slippers,
Yalamlam.'(Sahih al-Bukhri 1525) then he can use Khuffs (socks made from
thick fabric or leather) but the socks should
Mqt is the place from where it is not be cut short so as to make the ankles bare."
allowed for a person going to Mecca
without assuming ihrm, even though he is :

going with an intention of business or :
anything else.

There are 5 mqt : .
The Prophet said, "Whoever has no Izr
1. Dhul Hulayfa: It is mqt of (waist sheet), can wear trousers; and
Madinah. Today it is called Abyaar- whoever has no sandals, can wear Khuffs
e-Ali. Indian or or people of other (socks made from thick fabric or leather, but
nation, if they go to Medina before cut them short below the ankles)."

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

8& & 9) 3)* * ) & & ,+ ) +' 0& ) $'& & &- & ).+ :& ) '+ & & 8& & 9) 3)* #* ) + * )/' + + '& 0* ' &
Explanatory Note: When a person reaches
mqt he should remove all stitched clothes
and socks. He should use 2 new or washed . 3&& - + ' '+ 54 + 6) * & 0+ * ) & 2) & &
preferably white, pieces of cloth. One piece Person performing qirn should say:
) +' 9& *: !) $'& & &- & ).+ 9& *: ) '+ & & '(& & ) & 8& & 9) 3)* #* ) + * ) /' + + '& 0* ' &
of cloth should be tied around waist ,+
covering lower body and other should be
placed over the shoulders covering upper . 3& &- + ' '+ 54 + 6) * 9& ;+ + * ) & 2) & & '(& & ) & 8& & 9) 3)* * ) & &
Recommended actions for wearing Ihrm 11) And then say talbiyah thrice loudly.
are: #& 9) & ) '& + ? > & ) <&'& & & & ) + &@ A& & ) <&'& ? > & ) <&'& &' 0* =' & ? > & ) <&'&
On reaching miqat or any place in its ? > & & & ) + @& A& ? > & ) 9)* & & & B& 9& 3) C'+ &
alignment one should do miswk, 12) Recite salutations upon the Prophet
perform wudu and take Ghusl and make below supplications:
& F& + & * GH) & )/+ + '& 0* ' &
cleansing the whole body. Even
menstruating women and children + C'& & & $+ I&
& J K+) & + * ) L* & & B& C'& D)& & E
should take Ghusl. If taking Ghusl is
not possible then wudu will suffice
however if water is harmful for sick

he is not required to do tayammum. Chapter on what is narrated regarding
Men may shave their head or else use of perfume by muhrim.
comb their hairs and use perfumed
: :
Before taking Ghusl, one should :
trim his nails and underarm and


pubic hairs. b :

Apply perfume to body and clothes
however perfume which leaves
. :

behind residue should not be used.
Men should remove stitched clothes Ibrahm bin Muntashir narrated from his
and socks and use two new or father that he said: I asked Ibn Umar: Can a
washed pieces of clothes. One muhrim use perfume? He said: It is dearer
should be tied below wait to cover to me to rub tar (on my body) than to enter
lower body and other should be upon the state of Ihrm (in a state) of
placed over shoulders to cover shaking off the perfume." He (the narrator)
upper body. For women ordinary said: I went to 'A'isha and told her about
clothes are their Ihrm. this statement of his (of Ibn 'Umar).
Thereupon she said: I applied perfume to

the Messenger of Allah and he then went
When the mqt arrives and its not the
round his wives and then entered upon the
disliked time, then one should perform 2
state of Ihrm in the morning.
rakah salah with the intention of Ihrm. In
first rakah surah Fatiha and Surah al-
Explanatory Note: Imm Bukhri
Kafiroon and in second rakaah Surah Ikhlas
should be read after Surah Fatiha.
After completing salah, person performing
only Hajj should say:

'(& & ) * ) & & ,+
) +' * ) $'& & &- & ).+ * ) '+ & & '(& & ) #* ) + * )/' + + '& 0* ' & .

. 3&& - + ' '+ 54 + 6) * 7 + * ) & 2) & & .
Person performing tamattu should say: Narrated `Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Qasim:

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

I heard my father who was the best man of hadith of Aisha is that she used to apply
his age, saying, "I heard `Aisha saying, 'I perfume to the prophet and he used to
perfumed Allah's Apostle with my own take bath later, hence scent used to leave
hands before finishing his Ihrm while yet before wearing Ihrm.
he has not performed Tawf -al- Ifada.' She
spread her hands (while saying so.)" (Sahih
al-Bukhri 1754)

Chapter on what is narrated regarding
Imm Muslim narrates:

- -
. :

'A'isha said:
I applied perfume to the Messenger of Allah

as he became free from Ihrm and as he .
entered upon it. (Sahih Muslim 1189 d) The Prophet ordered his companions to
change their Ihrm of Hajj to that of
It is proven from sunnah that it is Umrah.
recommended to use perfume before
wearing the Ihrm. :

Imm Nawawi writes:

b ! e :

v . :
Jabir narrated: When the Apostle of Allah

ordered us what he ordered during farewell
pilgrimage, Suraqa bin Malik said: O Apostle
of Allah, inform us about our Umrah, is it
: specific to us or forever? The Prophet
said: It is forever.
Explanatory Note: During the days of
Jahiliyyah performing Umrah during the days
of Hajj was considered offensive and
prohibited. To stop this ignorance the
In this hadith there is proof of
recommendation to use perfume at wearing Prophet asked his companions, who had
Ihrm and that it doesn't matter if its scent assumed the Ihrm for Hajj, to change it to
Umrah. On this Suraqa bin Malik asked is it
sustains after wearing Ihrm. However
only for them and forever and the Prophet
applying perfume after wearing Ihrm is
replied it is forever.
haram. This is our doctrine and this is the
doctrine of majority of companions, tabi'een
and majority of scholars of hadith and The companions changed the Ihrm to
fuqaha. Among them are Sad bin Abi Umrah, performed umrah and became halal
Waqqas, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Zubair, Muaviya, later they assumed Ihrm for Hajj and
Aisha, Umme Habibah, Abu Hanifah, performed Hajj with the Prophet
Sawri, Abu Yusuf, Ahmad and Dawud etc. . This is called Hajj Tamattu.
Other group of prohibited it and they are:
Zuhri, Malik, Muhammad bin Hasan. It is
also narrated from a group of companions
and tabayin. Qazi says: Interpretation of

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

} :


Aisha reached Mecca with the intention of O the Apostle of Allah, people are going for
Tamattu Hajj and her menstruation started. Hajj and Umrah and Im going only for
So the Apostle of Allah asked her to void Hajj? So the Prophet ordered Abdur
her Umrah. Rahman bin Abu Bakr and said : Go with
her to Taneem, then enter ihrm for umrah

: and when she finishes it get her back to me
soon.I will be waiting for her at batan


Aisha reached Mecca with the intention of Explanatory Note: Aishas entered Mecca
Tamattu Hajj and menstruation started. So for Tamattu Hajj and her menstruation
the Apostle of Allah asked her to void her started before she could perform tawf for
Umrah. Umrah so the Prophet voided her Hajj.
The Prophet asked her to go to Taneem
with her brother to assume ihrm for her

lapsed umrah and later slaughtered a cow as

dum (compensation).

Women with Haiz and Nifs should

perform all the acts of Hajj & Umrah except
. doing tawf of the Kaba.
Aisha reached Mecca with the intention of
Tamattu Hajj and menstruation started. So Imm Nawawi writes:
the Apostle of Allah asked her to her
Umrah and wear ihrm afresh for Hajj.
When she completed her Hajj the Prophet
ordered her to go to at-taeem with her :
brother Abdur Rahman.
" :
: "

. .
The Apostle of Allah slaughtered a cow for
Aishah voiding her Umrah.
It is our doctrine and the doctrine of Malik
and Abu Hanifah and majority of the
scholars that it is recommended (i.e. Women

with menstruation and post natal bleeding
taking Ghusl for Ihrm)
The Apostle of Allah ordered her to Hasan and Ahluz Zahir said: It is necessary.
slaughter an animal for voiding her umrah. It is allowed for menstruation and post natal
bleeding women to do all the acts of Hajj
: except Tawf and offer its 2 rakah salah as
the Prophet said: Do all the acts of Hajj

e :

except tawf . 2 rakah of Ihrm are sunnah

and it is not the condition for validity of

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

Hajj as Asma did not offer it. (Sharah the animal in any way. This is the doctrine
Nawawi ala Muslim) of Imm Abu Hanifah.

If a non-muhrim captured and slaughtered

an animal and muhrim did not indicated
towards the animal, neither helped him nor
Chapter on what is narrated regarding asked him to do it, then it is allowed for
eating game meat by muhrim. muhrim to eat the slaughtered animal.
b :


Chapter on what is narrated regarding
killing by Muhrim

: :

. b : b :

On the authority of Talha bin Ubaidillah, he :

said: we were discussing regarding game

meat that weather it can be eaten by muhrim .

while the Apostle of Allah was sleeping. Our The Apostle of Allah said: The muhrim may
voices rose so the Prophet woke up and kill mouse, snake, voracious dog, kite and
asked: Regarding what you are fighting? We scorpion.
said: About eating of game meat by muhrim
which is struck by non-muhrim. He said: He Explanatory Note: In another hadith crow
allowed us to eat it. is also mentioned:

Imm Bukhri narrates:




Narrated Hafsa: Allah's Messenger said, "It

b : is not sinful (of a Muhrim) to kill five kinds

of animals, namely: the crow, the kite, the
. mouse, the scorpion and the rabid dog."

(Sahih al-Bukhri 1828)
On the authority of Abu Qatdah, he said: I
came out with a group of companions of
So there are total 6 vermin animals which
the Prophet ;there was no one non-
should be killed in haram and non harm by
muhrim except me. I saw wild donkeys and
muhrim and non-muhrim.
went to my horse. I seated on it and I forgot
to take lash. So I asked them: Get me the
lash but they denied. So I got down from
my horse and picked up my lash and set out
for wild donkeys. I captured one of them. I

ate from it and my other muhrim friends. Chapter on what is narrated regarding
marriage of muhrim.
Explanatory Note: It is known from this

hadith that if an animal is killed by a non-
muhrim it can be eaten by muhrim if
muhrim did not help in catching or killing



Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

On the authority of Ibn Abbs, he said: The The Prophet was cupped while he was in
Apostle of Allah married Maymnah bint the state of lhrm, and also while he was
Haaris while he was muhrim. observing a fast. (Sahih al-Bukhri 1938)

Explanatory Note: This hadith is also Mufti Ahmad Yr Khn Nami writes under
narrated by Imm Muslim in his Sahh. this hadith:

It doesn mean that the Prophet
Ibn 'Abbas reported: Allah's Messenger was muhrim as well as fasting and he
married Maimuna while he was a got cupped as understood by some scholars,
Muhrim. (Sahih Muslim 1410 b) instead these are two different instances i.e.
There is difference of opinion among the Prophet had cupping during ihrm as
scholars on weather a muhrim can marry or well as during fasting. Hence it is known
not as there are other traditions narrated that cupping does not invalidate ihrm nor
regarding prohibition of marriage of fast but in Ihrm it is required that hairs are
muhrim. not removed otherwise atonement will be
compulsory. From this hadith it is also
Imm Nawaw writes: Imm Malik, Imm understood that cupping neither invalidates
Shfa, Imm Ahmad and majority of fast nor make its undesirable (makruh). This
scholars from sahba and those came after is the statement of Imm Azam Abu
them deem that marriage of muhrim is not Hanifah. This hadith is a strong proof of
valid and they rely on ahadth narrated in Imm Azam that the fast of the person who
this chapter. Imm Abu Hanifah and other got cupping and the one who cupped him,
scholars of Kfa say: marriage (of muhrim) remain valid and does not invalidate. (Mirat
is valid due to hadth regarding Maimuna. ul-Manajeeh, Vol. 3, Page 228)
(Sharah Nawawi)

Chapter on what is narrated regarding Chapter on what is narrated regarding
cupping of muhrim. touching yemeni corners and black

: b :

. :

Allah's Messenger was cupped while he was
in the state of Ihrm. .
On the authority of Ibn Umar, he said: I
Explanatory Note: Similar ahadith are have not failed to touch black stone since I
mentioned in Sahih Bukhri and other saw the Messenger of Allah touching it.
books. For example:

Explanatory Note: This hadith is also
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet mentioned in Sahih Bukhri & Muslim and
was cupped while he was in a state other books of Sihah Sitta.
of Ihrm. (Sahih al-Bukhri 5695) Imm Bukhri narrates:


Ibn `Umar said, "I have never missed the
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: touching of these two stones of Ka`ba (the
Black Stone and the Yemenite Corner) both

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

in the presence and the absence of crowds, These hands touched the hands of the
since I saw the Prophet touching them." Prophet ...
It is narrated regarding Imm Ahmad that
Kaaba has 4 corners. The corner of black he washed the shirt of Imm Shafii and
stone and yemenite corner are called Yama drank the water used for washing it. If this is
niyn and other 2 corners are called the respect of scholars then what high
Shmiyn. The virtue of these two stones respect sahaba deserve? And how much
(Yamniyn) is that they are placed as per respect should be given to the heritage of
the original foundation laid by the Prophet the Prophet s? (Umdatul Qari)
Ibrahm, because of this reason both the
stones are glorified and only black stone is We should be afraid of our sins as when the
kissed as it is from heaven. It became black sins can blacken a stone then what effect
due to sins of people. would it have on our heart and mind. Hence
we must always try to avoid all types of sin
Imm Tirmizi narrates: and do istigfr as much as possible

throughout the day.



The Messenger of Allah said: "The Black
Stone descended from the Paradise, and it ) :

was whiter than milk, then it was blackened
" (
by the sins of the children of Adam."(Jami`
at-Tirmidhi 877) The Messenger of Allah said: Verily, when
the slave (of Allah) commits a sin, a black
: spot appears on his heart. When he refrains
from it, seeks forgiveness and repents, his

v heart is polished clean. But if he returns, it
increases until it covers his entire heart. And
that is the Ran which Allah mentioned:
Nay, but on their hearts is the Ran which

8 8 they used to earn. (Tirmizi, Book 47,
Hadith 3654)



Imm Badruddin Ayni writes: .

My Shaykh Zainuddin also said: kissing holy
places with the intention of gaining !
e : :

blessings, similarly kissing the hands and :
feet of pious people is also good and .
recommended with goal and intention of
gaining blessings. Abu Hurairah asked Imm The Apostle of Allah said: Whenever I
Hasan to show him the place where the reached Yemeni corner I met Jibraeel near
it. It is narrated on the authority of Ata bin
Prophet used to kiss him and it was belly
Abi Rabaah that a man asked: O Apostle of
button so Abu Hurairah kissed it to gain
Allah, you touch Yemeni corner excessively?
blessing from that place and his progeny.
He said: I near came to it but found Jibraeel
Sabit Bunani wouldnt let the hand of Anas
standing near it, seeking forgiveness who
until he would kiss them and he would say:
touches it.

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj



! e :

. :

The Apostle of Allah used to say between .
two corners and black stone: O Allah, I seek
: :

refuge in thee from disbelief, poverty,
abasement and the places of disgrace in this .

world and the next. On the authority of Ibn Umar, he said : We
departed with him (Ibn Umar) from Arafat.

: When we reached Muzdalifa we stayed
there. Then we prayed maghrib with him.
He then moved forward and prayed 2 rakah

and asked for water and poured it over

: himself and then lay down at his bed. We
waited long for him. We said: O Abu Abdur

Rahman! Come for prayers. He asked:
On the authority of Ibn Abbs, he said: The Which prayer? We said: for Eisha. Then he
Apostle of Allah performed tawf (of the said: I prayed the way the Apostle of Allah
Kaba) while riding his camel due to had prayed.
sickness. He would touch all corners. In In another narration, on the authority of Ibn
another narration he said: The Apostle of Umar, The Apostle of Allah combined
Allah performed tawf between Safa and Maghrib & Eisha prayers together.
Marwa while he was riding on his camel due
to sickness.

: .


Narrated from Abu Ayyub, he said: I prayed
The Apostle of Allah walked swiftly from
Maghrib and Eisha prayers with the Apostle
stone to stone.
of Allah during farewell pilgrimage at
Explanatory Note: Ramal in Arabic means
walking boldly and hastily, taking shorter :
steps, lifting the legs forcefully, keeping the

chest out and moving the shoulders
simultaneously. .

It is Sunnah for men to do ramal in first Narrated from Abu Ayyub, the Apostle of
three circuits (tawf) and walk normally in Allah prayed Maghrib & Eisha together with
next 4 circuits. a single Azn and Iqmah.

Explanatory Note: As per Hanafi school

of jurisprudence it is not allowed for a

traveller or a dweller to combine two
Chapter on what is narrated regarding prayers at the same time except:
combining prayers at Arafat. At Arafat, where Zohar and Asar are
combined and prayed together at the time of


Zohar and


Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

At Muzdalifah, where Maghrib and Eisha

are combined and prayed together at the

time of Eisha.
Chapter on what is narrated regarding
Imm Tirmizi narrates: the lapidation of pillars


Ibn Abbas narrated that: The Prophet
said: Whoever combines two :

prayers without any excuse then he has On the authority of Ibn Abbas that the
committed something from the major sins. Apostle of Allah sent weak members of his
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 188) family early and told to them: Do not
However a person can pray Zuhar just lapidate the pillar of Uqbah until the sun
before its time ends and pray Asar at its rises.
immediate start time. Similarly a person can

pray Maghrib at its ending time and pray :
Eish at its immediate starting time.

Imm Msli writes: :
( ) : :

On the authority of Ibn Umar, he said The
( v ) :
Apostle of Allah sent his weak family
members and told them: Do not lapidate the
: pillar of Uqbah until the sun rises.
Explanatory Note: It is allowed for weak
Do not combine two prayers at the same and sick people to leave Muzdalifah before
time neither while residing nor while sunrise.
travelling. As Almighty Allah says: Prayer has
been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified Sadrush Shariah Mufti Amjad Ali Azmi
times. (4:103) and in combining there is writes: The time to stay at Muzdalifah is
change of time. It is allowed to combine in from onset of Fajr till sunrise. It someone
action but not at same time. It is didnt stay during this period then is wuqf
interpretation of that the Prophet (to stay) is lapsed. If he passed by this place
combined two prayers. Its then wuqf is done. Dum is wajib on the
explanation is that Zuhar is delayed till its one who moved away from here before
last time and advance praying Asar to its onset of Fajr, except for sick, women and
start time.(al-Ikhtiyar, Kitab us-Salat) so weak that rush would harm him hence
Imm Shami writes: moved earlier, then there is nothing on
MNO3 P 0C Q9D R 9 S" - T 9 N 9 them. (Bahr-e-Shariat, Part: 6)
MNO3 0 % " Z U5- V XSY B Z 9[ 4 \3

0% ] Z .
It is allowed for a traveller and sick to delay
Maghrib to combine it with Eisha, in


actions, as it is mentioned in Hiliyah and

other books, that is, he prays Maghrib at its
ending time and Eisha at its starting time.

(Fatwa Shmi, Kitb us-Salt)



Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

The Apostle of Allah threw pebbles at pillar Thereupon he said: Messenger of Allah, it is
of Aqbah. In another narration, narrated a sacrificial camel. He told him again to ride
from Ibn Abbas, The Apostle of Allah made on it; (when he received the same reply) he
al-Fadl bin Abbas ride behind him and he said: Woe to you, (he uttered these words
was beautiful child, he started looking at the on the second or the third reply). (Sahih
women and the Apostle of Allah turned his Muslim 1322 a)
face away from them. The Prophet
threw pebbles at pillar of Uqbah. Imm Nawawi states that there are different
In another narration, narrated Ibn Abbas doctrines regarding riding the sacrificial
from al-Fadl, his brother that the Prophet animal
would continue to recite Talbiya until Imm Shafai says: A person can ride it if it
throwing pebbles at pillar of Uqbah. is necessary otherwise he should not ride it.
He should ride with courtesy without
hurting it. This is one of the statements of

Imm Malik too.
Another statement by Imm Malik and
Chapter on what is narrated regarding Imm Ahmad is that a person can ride it
riding the animal for sacrifice. without necessity too but without harming

: Imm Azam says: he should not ride it
. : except when he cannot find anything else to
ride on. (Sharah Nawawi, Chapter: It is
Anas narrated, the Apostle of Allah saw a
permissible to ride the sacrificial animal if
man driving his sacrificial animal. The
Prophet said: Ride on it.

Explanatory Note: This hadith is narrated

by Imm Bukhri and Imm Muslim but
with different wordings. Imm Bukhri Chapter on what is narrated regarding
narrates: Tamattu and Qirn

: :

" .
." " .
." " :

.8 ." :

Narrated Anas:The Prophet saw a man
driving a Badana. He said, "Ride on it." The

man replied, "It is a Badana." The Prophet :
said (again), "Ride on it." He (the man)

said, "It is a Badana." The Prophet }
said thrice, "Ride on it." (Sahih al-
Bukhri 1690) :

: :

Imm Muslim narrates: : :

. " .
" 0 . "
Abu Hurairah reported that Allah's
Messenger saw a person who was driving a On the authority of Dhabby bin Mabad, he
sacrificial camel (and told him to ride on it. said: I came to perform Hajj from Jazrah. I
passed by Sulaymn bin Rabyah and Zaid

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

bin Sawhn, they were leader of the area

Uzaybah. They heard me saying talbiyah
for Umrah and Hajj together. One among
them said (regarding me) that this man is In another narration on the authority of
more misguided than his camel and the Dhabby bin Mabad, he said: I had left
other said: he is misguided than so and so. I Christianity some time back and came to
kept going my way and completed my Hajj. Kfa during the caliphate of Umar with the
I passed by Amr ul-Muminn Umar and intention to perform Hajj. Sulayman and
told him that I am a man from far flung area Zaid bin Sawhn assumed ihrm for Hajj
and my home is at a remote place. Allah only and I assumed for Hajj and Umrah
granted me the opportunity of this Hajj so I both. They said: Woe to you! Indeed the
preferred to combine Umrah with Hajj so I Propher prohibited from Hajj tamattu. They
assumed ihrm for both together and I (also) said: By Allah, you are more
didnt do this by mistake. Then I passed by misguided than your camel. He (Subayi)
Sulaymn bin Rabyah and Zaid bin Sawhn said: we will go to Umar (and would ask him
they heard me saying talbiyah for Umrah to decide). When Dhabby reached Mecca
and Hajj together. So, one of them said: He he did tawf of Kbah and sa between safa
more misguided than his camel and the and marwah for his umrah. He then came
other said he is more misguided than so and back in the state of ihrm and did not allow
so. Umar asked what you did. I said: I and did not become halal and remain in
continued on my way, I performed tawf for ihrm. He did tawf of Kbah and sa
my Umrah and did sai for my Umrah and between sawa and marwah for his Hajj. He
came back and did same (i.e. tawf and sai remained in the state of harm until he came
for Hajj) and continued to be in ihrm and to Araft and finished his Hajj.On the day
continued doing like pilgrims do until I of 10th Zil Hajj he became hall and
performed slaughtering at last . Umar said: sacrificed animal for tamattu. When they
You are granted the guidance of your returned from their Hajj they passed by
prophet Muhammad. Umar bin Khattb. Zaid bin Sawhn said to
him: O Amr ul-Muminn! Indeed you
prohibited tamattu but Dhabby performed
: tamattu. Umar asked Dhabby: What did

you do? He replied: I assumed ihrm for
Umarh and Hajj, O Amr ul-Muminn! So
when I came to Mecca, I did tawf of
: Kbah and sa between safa and marwah
: for my umrah. I returned back in the state

of ihrm then I did tawf of Kbah and sa
: between safa and marwah for my Hajj. I

remained in the state of ihrm till the 10th of
zil hajj and sacrificed an animal for my

tamattu and left my ihrm. Umar placed his
hand on his back and said: you are granted

the guidance of your prophet .

e :






Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

the state of Ihrm until the day of 10th of zil
hajj. I sacrificed a goat from whatever I

could find. The narrator says: Umar placed

his hand to his shoulder and said: you are

granted the guidance of your prophet

e :

: : !

Chapter on what is narrated regarding

virtue of performing Umrah in

: :

: .


Narrated Ibn Abbas, The Prophet
In another narration on the authority of said: Umrah during Ramadan is
Dhabby that he, Sulaimn bin Rabyah and equivalent to Hajj.
Zaid bin Shn started with the intention of
performing Hajj. Dhabby assumed ihrm Explanatory Note: This hadith is also
for Umrah and Hajj together while Sulaimn narrated in other books of Sihah Sitta.
and Zaid assumed ihrm only for Hajj.

When they came to Dhabby they
reproached him about his act. They said: "

You are more misguided than your camel.
You combine umrah and Hajj and indeed ."

Amr ul-Muminn prohibited umrah and "

Hajj together. Dhabby said: We will go to . ."

Umar (and ask about it). The narrator says,
Narrated Ata: I heard Ibn `Abbas saying,
they went on until they reached Mecca. He
did tawf of Kbah for his Umrah and sa "Allah's Messenger asked an Ansari woman
between Safa and Marwah for his Umrah (Ibn `Abbas named her but `Ata' forgot her
then he came back and did tawf for his name), 'What prevented you from
Hajj and then did sa between Safa and performing Hajj with us?' She replied, 'We
Marwah and remained in ihrm until the day have a camel and the father of so-and-so
of 10th of zil hajj sacrifice a goat from and his son (i.e. her husband and her son)
whatever he could get. When they rode it and left one camel for us to use for
completed their Hajj they came to Madinah irrigation.' He said (to her), 'Perform
and went to Umar. Sulaimn said to him: O `Umrah when Ramadan comes, for `Umrah
Amr ul-Muminn! Dhabby comibined in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward),' or
Umrah and Hajj. Umar asked Dhabby: said something similar." (Sahih al-Bukhri
What did you do? Dhabby said: When I 1782)
reached Mecca, I did tawf for my Umrah

and then performed sa between Safa and "

Marwah for my Umrah then I returned and "
performed tawf of Kbah for my Hajj and It was narrated from Wahb bin Khanbash
then I performed sa between Safa and that the Messenger of Allah said: Umrah
Marwah for my Hajj. Umar asked: What did during Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj (i.e. in
you do later? Dhabby replied: I remained in

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

reward). (Ibn Majah, Book 25, Hadith c \ U d 93 P[ O9 P Ce f

The Prophet say: The difference between
us and the polytheists is that we wear

turbans over caps.(Sunan Abi Dawud 4078)
It was narrated from Ibn Abbas that the R 3 D - d 93
Messenger of Allah said: Umrah during Turbans are the crowns of Arabs. (al-
Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj. (Ibn Majah, Firdaus)
Book 25, Hadith 3108)
XgL 3F d 93 3F R 3 D - d 93
The Prophet even described doing umrah Turbans are crown of Arabs, when would
in Ramadan as doing umrah with him. leave wearing turbans they would lose their
honour. (Jame as-Shaghir)

The Prophet said: "Perform `Umrah in 9 2 h hg- 9 L
the month of Ramadan, (as it is equivalent Wear turbans, your clement will increase.
to Hajj or Hajj with me (in reward). (Sahih (Moajjam al-Kabir)
al-Bukhri 1863) c \ U d 93 < 8 a U i ] g-A
My ummah will remain on truth untill they
wear turban over cap. (al-Firdaus)
: :

Bjk 9 D - l- mjX

The Prophet pointed towards turbans and
said crowns of Angles are like this.(Kan ul-
. Ummal)
Narrated Ibn Umar, he said: On the day of
the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet nd 53 B A mX o [ . 3- _
was riding on a blackish camel. She Indeed Almighty Allah honored this ummah
was famous as Qaswa, he had hung bow with turbans. (Kan ul-Ummal)
from her neck and was wearing a black
turban made from fur of camel.
Minimum length of turban is 5 hands and
maximum length is 7 hands.
Explanatory Note: Wearing turban is an
emphasized and regular sunnah of the Turban can be of any color but wearing
Prophet . There are many hadith narrated black is sunnah. There are numerous hadith
regarding virtues of wearing turban. We reported regarding the Prophet wearing
quote a few from Fatwa Ridawiyyah. black turban.
U _ ] H 39H ] % 90CL . 3- _ ^ 9L K KL .

It was narrated from Jabir that the Prophet
B 93 BI ` a- 8\ ] H . 3- _
entered Mecca wearing a black
]#3- B 93 B39b B 9L \ 8\ K OL N 9" ]#3- turban.(Ibn Majah, Book 24, Hadith 2929)
B 9L \ B39b P3$H

The Prophet said: A fard or nafil salah
with turban is equal to 25 salah withour .
turbans and one jumuah salah with turban is 'Amr b. Huraith quoting his father said: I
equal to 70 jumuah salah without turban. saw the Prophet on the pulpit and he

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

wore a black turban, and he let both the The part of the earth which touches the
ends hang between his shoulders. (Sunan blessed body of the Prophet is absolutely
Abi Dawud 4077) the most sublime place, better than even
Kaaba, throne and chair. Visiting the
blessed shrine is recommended and it is

wajib for those who have the means to visit
Chapter on what is narrated regarding
visiting the Prophet s grave. Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehalvi
compiled ahadith in his book Jazb ul-Qulb
: b :
ila Diraril Mahbb on visiting the blessed

shrine of the Prophet . We present a few

: from there:
Who visits my grave, my
intercession is assured for him.
Narrated Ibn Umar that he said: The Who visits my grave, my
Sunnah way is that you visit the grave of the intercession is valid for him.
Prophet from the side of Qiblah. You Who came to visit me and he
keep your back towards Qiblah and face doesn't any work other than visiting
towards the grave and say: Peace and me then it upon me to be his
blessings of Allah be upon you O Prophet intercessor on the day of judgement.
. Who visits my grave after death post
Hajj, is like who visited me in my
Explanatory Note: This hadith mentions life.
and supports 2 unanimous acts and belief of
Who performed Hajj and did not
Ahlus Sunnah. First one is visiting the
visit me indeed he indeed hurt me.
blessed shrine of the Prophet
after/before Haj/Umrah and second is the Who visits me in Madinah, I will be
belief of Prophets being alive in their graves. his intercessor and witness.
Who visits me intentionally he will
Visiting the blessed shrine of the Prophet be my neighbour on the day of
is one of the greatest oblation and judgement and who dies in Mecca or
virtuous act. According to some scholars it Madinah, he will be free from the
is sunnah. Some consider it as wajib and torment on the day of judgement.
some even call it as fard. As per Ahnaf, it is Under hadith 1 Shaykh Abdul Haq writes:
close-to-wajib act. It is better to make sole there is a sign that the visitor of holy shrine
intention of visiting the blessed shrine of the will die on Islam and this will be by the
Prophet . There is difference of opinion of virtue of the Prophet as for the
scholars on virtuousness of Mecca and intercession of a person his end on Islam is
Medina. However there is consensus of obligatory. (Jazb ul-Qulb Ila Diyaril
scholars that the part of earth which is Mahbb, Page 242)
touching the blessed body of the Prophet
in grave is sublime than earth, skies, Imm Ahmad Rida writes in Fatw
throne and chair and even Kaba itself. Ridawwiya:
Imm Haskafi writes: Visiting the embodiment of purity, the
leader of the Prophet s is indeed and
i2 a !I p q r o\ 8\5 q sM ILp F certainly, with the consensus of all Muslims
! % ! B #C st% 8 u v wH x y 3 B$3x K is from the best oblation and most virtuous
act, whose virtuousness and goodness will
B3H q K9 B$b not be rejected by anyone but by a
misguided and deviant or a complete

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

illiterate, an absentminded and a slave of wajib like Hajj and per them there is no
devil, may Allah forbid. difference between Fard and Wajib.

There is definite unanimity in this regard. They (i.e. Scholars) are unanimous on
And why not when the Quran itself calls considering it sin who doesnt visit.
and allures Muslims towards it. Allah the However it is affirmed that whosoever even
exalted say: And if when they do injustice unto after having the means doesnt visit is
their souls, then O beloved! They should come to you blessed shrine is indeed deprived, blamed, ill
and then beg forgiveness of Allah and the messenger fated, sinner, unjust and cruelty. We seek
should intercede for them then surely, they would forgiveness from Allah about what he
find Allah Most Relenting, Merciful. (4: 64) doesnt please him. Indeed scholars of past
and present have been severely rebuking and
In our books of jurisprudence (i.e. books of stigmatizing the one who doesnt visit the
Hanafi School) like Mansik Frsi, blessed shrine hence it cannot be due to
Tabrblisi, Kirmni, Ikhtiyr Sharah leaving a mustahab act. Allamah
Mukhtr, Fatwa Zahriyyah, Fath ul- Rahmatullah student of Imm Ibn
Qadr, Khaznat ul-Muftiyn, Mansak Hummm states in Lubb: Not visiting
Mutawast, Maslak Mutaqast, Minhul blessed shrine is great negligence and
Ghaffr, Marqiy al-Falh, Hshiy extreme disrespect. (Fatwa Ridawiyyah, Vol
Tahtwiyyah Al Marqiyil Falh, Majma 1. Page 22)
ul-Anhar, Sunan ul-Huda and Alamgr
etc. it is mentioned as being close to wajib. Prophet s are alive in their graves:
There is even a statement from the founder This hadith also clearly means the prophet
of school, Imm Azam regarding this. It is is alive in his grave. This is the reason
mentioned in Jazb ul-Qlb: As per Abu why a visitor is required to address salm
Hanifah visiting the Prophet is from the direct to the Prophet . There are
best of recommended actions and highly numerous hadith which prove that the
commendable act and close to status of Prophet s are alive in their graves.
Ibn Majah narrate from the authority of
Some Maliki and Shfayi scholars clearly Abu Darda
mention it as wajib and same is narrated
from Zahiri School of jurisprudence. Imm "

Ibn ul-Hjj Makki Maliki in Madkhal and

Imm Subuki Shfayi in Tehzb ut-Tlib

narrate from Imm Abdul Haq bin
. "
Muhammad: Imm Abu Imrn Fasi Maliki
. "
said visiting the blessed shrine of the
Prophet is wajib. .
Imm Qdi Aydh in Shif narrates from It is narrated from Abu Darda that the
Imm Abu Amr: It is wajib to travel to the Messenger of Allah said:
blessed shrine of the Prophet . Send a great deal of blessing upon me on
Fridays, for it is witnessed by the angels. No
Some Shfa scholars deem visiting the one sends blessing upon me but his blessing
blessed shrine obligatory as Hajj. Allamah will be presented to me, until he finishes
Abdul Ghani ibn Ahmad bin Shh Abdul them. A man said: Even after death? He
Qudds Chishti Gangohi, student of Imm said: Even after death, for Allah has
Allamah Ibn Hajar Makki writes in Sunan forbidden the earth to consume the bodies
ul-Huda: I heard my teacher i.e. Ibn Hajar of the Prophet s, so the Prophet
saying that visiting the blessed shrine of Allah is alive and receives
according to some of our Shfayi scholars is

Musnad Imm-e-Azam Book of Hajj

provision. (Ibn Majah, Book 6, Hadith


Imm Bayhaqi compiled 21 hadith on this

topic and wrote a specific book named as
Hayt ul-Ambiy fi Qubrihim. We copy 5
hadith here:

The Prophet said: The Prophet

s are alive in their graves and they
The Prophet said: The Prophet
s are not left in their grave for
more than 40 nights but they pray in
front of their lord till the time
trumpet is blown (on the day of
The Prophet said: I passed by
Msa while he was standing and
praying in his grave.
The Prophet said: Send blessings
upon me abundantly on Friday as no
one sends the blessing upon me but
his blessings are presented to me.
The Prophet said: Send blessings
upon me abundantly on every Friday
as blessings of my ummah is
presented to me on every Friday.
Whosoever sends more blessings
upon me he will be closer to me in

Imm Ahmad Rida was asked about a Hafiz

who rejects the belief of Hayt ul-Ambiy
and virtuousness of the blessed city of
He replied: Khalid (i.e. Hafiz) is deviant and
with corrupt beliefs and it is not permissible
to make him Imm. The life of the Prophet
( in grave) and other Prophet
s is proved from Quran, hadith and by
consensus of scholars. Rejecting the
virtuousness of Madinah and making people
return (from Mecca without visiting) is an
act of devil and against the consensus of
Muslims. [Fatw Ridawiyah, Vol, Page]