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com

CODE NO: A109210304 SET - 1

R09

II B.TECH - I SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS MAY, 2011

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO ME, MCT, MMT, AE, AME)

Time: 3hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE questions

All Questions Carry Equal Marks

---

1.a) What is ductility of a material? Is ductility a desirable property of constructional

material? Explain with reasons.

b) A rope comprising three 3.0 mm diameter wires clamped together at the ends lifts a

load of 15.0 kN. The lengths of the wires are 10.0 m, 10.01 m and 10.02 m. Compute

the stresses in each wire. What is the maximum load the rope can lift, if the working

stress is limited to 800.0 MPa and the deformation of the rope to 40.0 mm?

Assume E = 210.0 GPa. [8+7]

2.a) Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 1 given below indicating the

maximum and minimum values.

L D

b)

Figure 1

O R

Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 2 given below indicating the

W

maximum and minimum values. [8+7]

T U

3. J N Figure 2

A cantilever beam, 60 mm wide by 200 mm high and 6 m long, carries a load that

varies uniformly from zero at the free end to 1000 N/m at the wall.

a) Compute the magnitude and location of the maximum flexural stress.

b) Determine the type and magnitude of the stress in a fiber 40 mm from the top of the

beam at a section 3 m from the free end. [8+7]

4. Develop the shear stress distribution diagrams for the sections shown for the

following Figure 3 when subjected to a transverse S.F. of 200.0 kN. What are the

maximum shear stresses? [15]

Figure 3

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Figure 4

6. Compute the maximum deflections and support rotations in the beams of the

following Figure 5 using

a) The methods of integration

b) The method of moment area. [15]

L D

7.

Figure 5

O R

A cylinder boiler of diameter 1.7 m, 4.5 m length and 10 mm thickness with flat ends

W

is provided with six tie rods of 40 m diameter. If the tie rods are stressed initially to

82.0 MPa, determine the stresses in the tie rods and the cylinder under a pressure of

U

1.8 MPa. Assume the same material for the boiler and tie rods. [15]

8.

N T

A compound cylinder comprises an inner tube of diameters 100.0 mm and 140.0 mm,

and an outer tube of diameters 140.0 mm and 180.0 mm. determine the diametral

interference required so that the final maximum stress in the tube does not exceed

J

120.0 MPa under an internal pressure of 45.0 MPa. Neglect the effects of longitudinal

stresses. Assume E = 120.0 GPa.

********

[15]

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CODE NO: A109210304 SET - 2

R09

II B.TECH - I SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS MAY, 2011

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO ME, MCT, MMT, AE, AME)

Time: 3hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE questions

All Questions Carry Equal Marks

---

1.a) Explain the concept of factor of safety and its significance in the design of machine

components? What is working stress of a material?

b) A prismatic member of length l and unit weight w is suspended freely from its end.

Determine the elongation of the member under gravity. [8+7]

2.a) Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 1 given below indicating the

maximum and minimum values.

L D

b)

Figure 1

R

Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 2 given below indicating the

maximum and minimum values.

O [8+7]

U W

N T Figure 2

3.

J

A flat steel bar, 25 mm wide by 6 mm thick and 1 m long, bent by couples applied at

the ends so that the midpoint deflection is 20 mm. Compute the maximum stress in

the bar and the magnitude the couples. Use E = 200 GN/m2. [15]

4. Develop the shear stress distribution diagrams for the sections shown for the

following Figure 3 when subjected to a transverse S.F. of 200.0 kN. What are the

maximum shear stresses? [15]

Figure 3

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5.a) Explain the advantages of trusses, indicating various truss configurations and their

economical span ranges.

b) What is degree of indeterminacy in trusses? Explain with examples. [8+7]

6. Compute the maximum deflections and support rotations in the beams of the

following Figure 4 using

a) The methods of integration

b) The method of moment area. [15]

Figure 4

internal water pressure of 1.1MPa. The pipeline is subjected to a torque of 70.0 kNm

as well. Determine the design stresses in the pipeline. [15]

8.

L D

Design a cylinder of 800.0 mm inner diameter to sustain an internal pressure of 5.0

MPa. Assume E = 30.0 GPa and a safe stress of 15.0 MPa. [15]

********

O R

U W

N T

J

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CODE NO: A109210304 SET - 3

R09

II B.TECH - I SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS MAY, 2011

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO ME, MCT, MMT, AE, AME)

Time: 3hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE questions

All Questions Carry Equal Marks

---

i) Free to deform and

ii) Restrained.

b) A concrete column is reinforced with steel bars comprising 6 percent of the gross area

of column section. What is the fraction of the compressive load sustained by steel

bars, if the ratio of Youngs modulii of steel and concrete is 12.5? [8+7]

2.a) Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 1 given below indicating the

maximum and minimum values.

L D

b)

Figure 1

O R

Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the Figure 2 given below indicating the

maximum and minimum values.

U W [8+7]

N T

3. J Figure 2

shown in Figure 3 are found to increase 30 10-3 mm while those at CD decrease

90 10-3 mm in the 200 mm gauge length. Using E = 100 GPa, determine the flexural

stress in the top and bottom fibers. [15]

Figure 3

4. Show that the maximum shearing stress in a beam having a thin-walled tubular

2V

section of net area A is = . [15]

A

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Figure 4

carrying a concentrated load of P at 1/4 of the span from left hand side.

b) Determine the maximum deflection in a simply supported beam of length L

carrying a uniformly distributed load from center of the beam to left hand support.

[8+7]

7. A cast iron pipe of 200.0 mm diameter and 6 mm thickness carries water at a head of

27.0 m. Determine the maximum allowable spacing of supports, if the yield strength

8.

of the material is 180.0 MPa. Use a factor of safety of 1.8.

L D [15]

The outer diameter of a cylinder is 1.8 times its inner diameter. Assuming E = 0.25,

O R

determine the ratio of external and internal pressures applied separately, so that in

both the cases

a) The largest stresses have the same numerical values and

b) The largest strains have the same numerical values. [15]

U W ********

N T

J

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CODE NO: A109210304 SET - 4

R09

II B.TECH - I SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS MAY, 2011

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO ME, MCT, MMT, AE , AME)

Time: 3hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE questions

All Questions Carry Equal Marks

---

1.a) State the principle of superposition, and explain its significance.

b) A weight of 500 N falls on the collar of a 20 mm diameter steel bar from a height of

100.0 mm. Investigate whether the bar can withstand the load. Assume a yield stress

of 275.0 MPa, a fracture strain of 24.5 percent and E = 195.0 GPa for steel. [8+7]

2.a) The following Figure 1 indicates the Shear Force diagram. Develop the loading and

Bending Moment diagram for the beam.

Figure 1

L D

b)

Bending Moment diagram for the beam.

O R

The following Figure 2 indicates the Shear Force diagram. Develop the loading and

[8+7]

U W

N T Figure 2

3.

J

Determine the moment capacity of a timber beam of section 50.0 120.0 mm with an

allowable stress of 8.5 MPa and E = 16.0 GPa. Determine the size of 2.0 mm thick

steel flitches required to double its moment capacity when the flitches are attached

a) at top and bottom

b) to the sides (ES = 200.0 GPa). [15]

What shearing force V will cause a maximum shearing stress of 1.4 MPa? [15]

Figure 3

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Figure 4

carrying a concentrated load of P at 1/4 of the span from right hand side and also

carrying a uniformly distributed load for the entire span.

b) Determine the maximum deflection in a simply supported beam of length L

carrying a uniformly distributed load from center of the beam to right hand support.

[8+7]

7.

L D

A concrete pipe of radius 1.1m and 110.0 mm wall thickness is pre-stressed by a wire

5.0 mm diameter to withstand a working pressure of 1.0MPa. Determine the

minimum initial stress required in the wire so that the pipe is not subjected to tensile

R

stresses under the applied pressure. Assume EC = 30.0 GPa, and ES = 200.0GPa. [15]

O

8. A cast iron hub of 300.0 mm external diameter and 70.0 mm thickness is pressed on

to a steel shaft of 125.0 mm diameter. Determine the radial stress required at the

W

interface so that the shaft can transmit 4.0 MW at 740 rpm. Compute the necessary

diametral interference and the stresses in the shaft and the hub. If the shaft is

U

subjected to a compressive force of 300.0 kN, find the change in the stresses. Assume

a frictional coefficient of 0.29, Poissons ratio of 0.22, and Youngs modulii of steel

N T

and cast iron to be 210.0 GPa and 180.0 GPa, respectively. [15]

J ********

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304

R09

09

JA

AWAHARLAARLAL NEH

NEHRU U TECHNO

ECH OLOGICAL

LOG L UN

UNIVERS

SITY,

S IT HYDE

YDE

ERABAD

E AD

B.T

Tech II Yearr I Semesterr Examinatiions, May/JJune-2013

Mechan

Me nics

ics oof Solid

dss

(Comm

mon to ME, MCT, MMT

T, AE, AME))

Time:

ime:: 3 hours

urs Max.

ax.. M

Marks:

s: 755

Answer anny five quesstions

Alll questions

uest carry equaall ma

marks

---

1. The follow wing results were obtainned in a tennsile test of mild steel specimen off

original

inal diameter

d eter 20 mm m aand a gaugauge leengthngth of 400 m mm. At th the limit

it ooff

proportionnality the looad was 800 kN and the t extensioon was 0.048 mm. Thee

specimen

imen yielded

y ded aat a load ad oof 85 kN aand thee ma maximum loa load withsto

thstooood

o wass l500

kN. When the two brooken parts were w fitted together the leength betweeen the gaugee

markings

kings was

w foun

found tot be 5555.6 mm

mm anand the mini

m

minimum diiiameter

am at thhhee neck was

was

15.8 mm. Calculate

C

i) Modulu

odu us off elas

elasticiity ii) Stre

ii Stress

tre at the limi

tress limit of proooportionality

por lity

iii) Yield stress

s iv) Ultimate

Ultimate streess

v) % elo

elongation

on in lenngthh vi) % redu

re

reduction

red

ed tionn in ar area. [15]

5]

for andd benbendin

ending moment

end mo

m

mom ddiagram

dia

ia

iagr for the beam shhhown

o below

elow

w

figure 1. Take

T EII is cconstant

constant

ant an

ndd eq

and equal 70 x 105 N-m2.

al to 700 [15]

Figure: 1

Figu

3.a)

.a) A beam

eam ha

havingg the T-ssection

tion as shhown

own iin figuure

re 2 below iiss su ted to a bending

subjected nding

moment of 24 kN-m about the horizontal

h axxis. Find the maximum m tensile andd

compressiv

press ve bending

endin stresses

s sses deveeloped

oped in thee bea

beam.

Figure: 2

b) Describe the

t assumpttions used in

i bending theory of beams

b and derive

d beam

m

equation. [15]

b 200 mm

m wide by 300 3 mm deeep is used ass simply suppported beam m

on a span of 8 m. It iss subjected tot a concentrrated load off 50 N at miid section off

the span. If the planee of the loaad makes ann angle of 45 4 0 with thee vertical off

symmetry find the direection of neuutral axis andd the maxim mum stress inn the beam.

b) Explain the shear stresss distributioon along the axis of a circcular beam. [15]

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5. Calculate the

t forces acctingg the

th truuss members BD and DE E fo

for the figure 3 shownn

below

w usin

us ng method

ethod off joints

ints and tension

t nsion coeffficient

ficie methhod.

h [15]

5]

Figure:

gure: 3

wells theore m oof reciproocal deflection.

oreem

b) ermin

rm e the m

Determine ma

maxim

mum

m deflect

defl

de tion

ionn aand itss lloc

location in

i the beam

eam shownn in

in

Figure 4. The beam has

h a cross-

cross sec

section

se ction 50 mmm wide annd 150 mm m deep. Takee

E=210 GPa.

10 G [15]

5]

Figgu

ggure:

ure: 4

.a)

7.a) A cylindri

ylind ical tank is 2.255 m in diameter

d amet 3.55 m llong and 5 mm thi ck. Findd thee

thick

increase in n capacity

pacit when

w the pressure

p insiide is 1.25 MPa with i) No axia axiall

compressiv

press ve load

oad ono the

t tank ii) An

An axi

axial com mpressive looad of 4500 kkN

m

mpre kN. Findd ououtt

the maxim mum shear stress to whiich the mateerial of the cy cylinder is ssubjected

ed in

in

case .

both cases

b) A water main

m 100 cm m diameter coontains wateer at a pressuure head of 4504 m. If thee

3

density

sity ooff water

ter is 10000 kg/m , find

f nd the

th thicckness

knes of thee m

metal requuuired

i forr thee

water main n, given thatt the permisssible stress iss 20 MPa. [15]

c E

Explain.

b) ylinder of 150 mm outsidde radius and 100 mm innside radius is subjectedd

A thick cy

2

to an exteernal pressuure of 30 MN/m

M andd internal pressure

p of 60 MN/m2.

Calculate the maximuum shear strress in the material

m of the

t cylinder at the innerr

radius. [15]

----oo0oo---

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B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, May-June, 2012

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO AE, AME, MCT, ME, MMT, MIM)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any five questions

All questions carry equal marks

---

Fig.1.If the middle portion of the bar is also of square section, find the size and

length of the middle portion if the stress there is 140N/mm2 and the total

extension of the bar is 0.14mm.

Take E= 2.0105N/mm2.

L D

Fig.1

O R

b)

W

A straight bar of steel rectangular in section is 4m long and is 18mm thick. The

width of the rod varies uniformly from 130mm at one end 250mm at the other. If

U

the rod is subjected to an axial tensile load of 50KN, find the extension of the rod.

Take E= 2.0105N/mm2.

T

[7+8]

N

2. Analyse the beam shown in Fig.2. Draw S.F.D, B.M.D and Thrust Diagram. [15]

J

Fig.2

b) What are the assumptions made in the theory of simple bending?

c) Prove the relation M/I =f/y=E/R

Where M=Bending moment, f= Bending stress, E= Youngs modulus

I= Moment of Inertia, y= Distance from N.A., and R= Radius of curvature.

[2+5+8]

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4. A timber beam of rectangular section is simply supported at the ends and carries a

point load at the center of a beam. The maximum bending stress is 12N/mm2 and

maximum shearing stress is 1 N/mm2, find the ratio of the span to the

depth.(Fig.3).

[15]

Fig.3

5. Find the forces in the members of the truss shown in Fig.4, using Method of

Joints.

L D [15]

O R

U W

N T

J Fig.4

b) Determine the slope and deflection at the free end of a cantilever beam as shown

in Fig.5 by moment area method. Take EI=8000KN-m2. [5+10]

Fig.5

7.a) A thin cylindrical shell with following dimensions is filled with a liquid at

atmospheric pressure: length = 1.2m, External diameter=20cm, Thickness of

metal=8mm.

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Find the value of the pressure exerted by the liquid on the walls of the cylinder

and the hoop stress induced if an additional volume of 25 cm3 of liquid is pumped

into the cylinder.

Take E=2.1105 N/mm2 and Poissons ratio=0.33.

b) Explain briefly about the effect of internal pressure on the dimensions of a thin

cylindrical shell. [10+5]

8.a) What do you mean by Lames equations? How will you derive these equations?

b) A thick cylinder of internal diameter 160mm is subjected to an internal pressure

40N/mm2. If the allowable stress in the material is 120N/mm2, find the thickness

required. [8+7]

********

L D

O R

U W

N T

J

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B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, May-June, 2012

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO AE, AME, MCT, ME, MMT, MIM)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any five questions

All questions carry equal marks

---

follows:

i) 480KN tensile in the direction of its length

ii) 900KN tensile on the 250mmx80mm faces

iii) 100KN compressive on the 250mmx100mm faces.

Assuming Poissons ratio as 0.25, Find in terms of the modulus of Elasticity E of

the material, the strains in the direction of each force, If E=2.0x105N/mm2, Find

the values of the modulus of rigidity and bulk modulus for the material of the

block. Also, calculate the change in the volume of the block due to the

applications of the loading specified in Fig.1.

L D

O R

U W Fig.1

b)

T

A solid conical bar of circular section is suspended vertically as shown inFig.2. If

the length of the bar is l and the weight per unit volume of the material of the

N

bar is w, determine the total elongation of the bar due to its own weight. [15]

Fig.2

2. A Beam of length 6.0m is simply supported at the ends and carries a u.d.l of

intensity 1.5KN/m run and three concentrated loads of 1KN, 2KN and 3KN acting

at a distance of 1.5m, 3.0m and 4.5m respectively from left end. Draw the S.F.D

and B.M.D and also determine the maximum bending moment. [15]

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3.a) Show that for a beam subjected to pure bending, neutral axis coincides with the

centroid of the cross-section.

b) A cantilever of square section 200 mm 200 mm, 2.0 m long, just fails in flexure

when a load of 12KN is placed at its free end. A beam of the same material and

having a rectangular cross-section 150 mm wide and 300 mm deep is simply

supported over a span of 3.0 m.Calculate the minimum central concentrated load

required to break the beam. [5+10]

Calculate:

i) Average shear stress,

ii) Maximum shear stress, &

iii) Shear Stress at a distance of 40mm from N.A.

b) Derive an expression for the shear stress at any point in a circular section of a

beam, which is subjected to a shear force F. [9+6]

5. Find the forces in the members BC, HG, BG &DG of the truss shown in the Fig.3

Using Method of sections. [15]

L D

O R

U W

N T Fig.3

J

6.a) Compute the slope and deflection at the free end of cantilever beam shown in the

Fig.4 by Moment area method.

Fig.4

b) What are the limitations of moment area method? [12+3]

7. A closed cylindrical vessel made of steel plates 4mm thick with plane ends,

carries fluid under a pressure of 3N/mm2.The diameter of the cylinder is 25cm

and length is 75cm,Calculate the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylinder

wall and determine the change in diameter, length and volume of the cylinder.

Take E=2.1105N/mm2 and 1/m=0.286(Poissons ratio). [15]

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8. A compound cylinder has inner radius 200mm, radius at common surface 260mm

and outer radius is 300mm.Initial pressure at common surface is 6N/mm2.What

are the final hoop stresses after a fluid is admitted at a pressure of 80N/ mm2?

Sketch the variation of hoop and radial stresses. [15]

********

L D

O R

U W

N T

J

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B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, May-June, 2012

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO AE, AME, MCT, ME, MMT, MIM)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any five questions

All questions carry equal marks

---

1.a) A 60 mm diameter bar carries an axial tensile load of 180KN. Find the normal

and tangential stress intensities across planes at 300,450 and 600 with the normal

section of the bar

b) A bar of 30mm diameter is subjected to a pull of 60KN. The measured extension

on a gauge length of 200mm is 0.09mm and the change in diameter is 0.0039mm.

Calculate the Poissons ratio and the values of the three moduli (E,G & K). [7+8]

2. Calculate the reactions at the supports A and B of the beam shown in Fig.1. Draw

the B.M.D and S.F.D. Determine also the points of contra flexure within the span

AB and show their positions on the bending moment diagram. [15]

L D

Fig.1

O R

3.a)

U W

Compare the section moduli of two beams of the weight and length and the beam

is solid circular beam of diameter d and the second is a circular tube of outer

diameter D1 and inner diameter D2.

b)

T

Find the width x of the flange of a cast iron beam having the section shown in

Fig.2, so that the maximum compressive stress is three times the maximum

N

tensile stress the member being in pure bending subjected to sagging

J

moment.The depth h of the beam is 100mm,the thickness t of the web and

flange is 25mm. [7+8]

Fig.2

4. A steel beam of I-section is 600mm deep. Each flange is 250mmwide and 25mm

thick. The web is 15mm thick. The beam section is subjected to a shear force of

500KN. Determine the shear stress distribution for the beam section.

i) When the web is vertical

ii) Web is horizontal. [8+7]

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5. Calculate the forces induced in the members of the pin-jointed truss shown in

Fig.3 by Method of Joints. [15]

Fig.3

6. Find the slope and deflection at the points B & C of a cantilever beam by

Moment area method. (Fig.4) [15]

L D

O R

7.

U W Fig.4

1.2N/mm2.If the thickness of the shell is 10.0mm find the circumferential and

T

longitudinal stresses. Find also the maximum shear stress and changes in

dimensions of the shell. Take E=200KN/mm2, and Poissons ratio=0.3.

N

[15]

8.

J

A thick cylindrical pipe of outside diameter 300mm and internal diameter of

200mm is subjected to an internal fluid pressure of 20N/mm2 and external fluid

pressure of 5 N/mm2. Determine the maximum hoop stress developed and draw

the variation of hoop stress and radial stress across the thickness. Indicate values

at every 25mm interval. [15]

********

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B.Tech II Year - I Semester Examinations, May-June, 2012

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

(COMMON TO AE, AME, MCT, ME, MMT, MIM)

Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75

Answer any five questions

All questions carry equal marks

---

1.a) A steel rod 25m long is at a temperature of 200C. Find the free expansion of the

rod when the temperature is raised to 650C. Find the temperature stress produced:

i) When the expansion of the rod is prevented, and

ii) When the rod is allowed to expand by 6.0mm.

Take =12.010-6per0 C and E=2.0105N/mm2.

b) A steel tube 50mm in external diameter and 3.0mm thick encloses centrally a

solid copper bar of 35mm diameter. The bar and the tube are rigidly connected

together at the ends at a temperature of 200C.Find the stress in each metal when

heated to 1700C.Find the stress in each metal when heated to 1700C .Also find the

increase in length, if the original length of the assembly is 350mm.Coefficients of

L D

expansion for steel and copper are 1.0810-5 per0 C and 1.710-5 per0 C

respectively.

[5+10]

2.

O R

The intensity of loading on a simply supported beam of 5.0m span increases

uniformly from 8KN/m at one end to 16KN/m at the other end as shown in Fig.1.

Find the position and magnitude of the maximum bending moment. Also draw

[15]

U W

N T Fig.1

3.a)

b)

J

A rectangular beam 300mm deep is simply supported over a span of

4.0m.Determine the uniformly distributed load per meter which the beam may

carry, if bending stress should not exceed 120N/mm2. Take I=8.0x106mm4.

The cross-section of beam is as shown in Fig.2, if permissible stress is

150 N/mm2, find its moment of resistance. Compare it with equivalent section of

same area but (a) Square section (b) Rectangular section with depth twice the

width and (c) Circular section. [7+8]

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Fig.2

4.a) The shear force acting on a section of a beam is 100KN. The section of the beam

is of T-shaped of dimensions 200 mm 250 mm 50 mm. The flange thickness

D

and web thickness are 50 mm. Moment of inertia about the horizontal neutral axis

is 1.134108mm4. Find the shear stress at the neutral axis and at the junction of

5.

the web and the flange.

RL

Analyse the truss shown in Fig.3, by Method of Joints.

[15]

O

U W

N T

6.

J Fig.3

Compute the slopes and deflections at A and at mid-span E for the simply

supported beam. The span of the beam is 1.8m and the beam is of

150 mm 300 mm, E=30KN/mm2. (Fig.4). [15]

Fig.4

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1.2N/mm2. Taking the maximum allowable stress as 100N/mm2, find the

necessary thickness of plate. Take the joint efficiency at 75%.

b) A copper tube of 50mm internal diameter, 1.0m long and 1.25mm thick has

closed ends and is filled with water under pressure. Neglecting any distortion of

the end plates, determine the alteration of pressure when an additional volume of

3cm3 of water is pumped into the tube. Modulus of Elasticity for

copper=1.03105N/mm2, poissons ratio=0.3, Bulk modulus of

3 2

water=2.110 N/mm . [7+8]

an internal pressure of 60 N/mm2.Before the fluid is admitted, the internal and

external diameter of the compound cylinder are 120mm and 200mm and diameter

at the junction is 160mm.If after shrinking on, the radial pressure at the common

surface is 8.0 N/mm2, calculate the final stress setup by the section. [15]

********

L D

O R

U W

N T

J

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II B.Tech I Semester Examinations,November 2010

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Common to ME, MECT, MEP, AE, AME, MMT

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Determine the S.F. component sustained by the web of ISLB 450 (bf = 170.0

mm, tf = 13.4 mm, tw = 8.6 mm).

(b) Dene M.I. and modulus of a section, and discuss their inuence on the be-

haviour of beams. [8+7]

D

2. A cast iron pipe of 250.0 mm diameter and 6 mm thickness carrying water at a

L

head of 36.0 m is supported at 6.3 m spacing. Determine the principal stresses and

the maximum shear stress in the pipeline. [15]

O

(b) Develop the relation between BM and SF in a beam.R

3. (a) Discuss the concept of BM and SF along with suitable examples.

[8+7]

W

4. Analyze the truss indicated in gure 4 by method of sections. [15]

T U

JN

Figure 4

5. Develop the shear stress distribution diagrams for the sections shown for the fol-

lowing gures 5 when subjected to a transverse S.F. of 200.0 kN. What are the

maximum shear stresses? [15]

6. (a) Compare the behaviour of mild steel, high strength steel, copper, brass, alu-

minum, cast iron and concrete when subjected to load test till failure.

(b) Compute the stresses and deformations in the steel rope of a pulley supporting

a load of 126.0 kN. The rope is made of 12 wires of 2.5 mm diameter. The rope

is 12.6 m on one side of the pulley and 8.1 m on the other side. Determine

the elongation and the factor of safety of the system, if the yield stress for the

1

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Figure 5

LD

6. (a) Compare the behaviour of mild steel, high strength steel, copper, brass,

R

aluminum, cast iron and concrete when subjected to load test till failure.

(b) Compute the stresses and deformations in the steel rope of a pulley

O

supporting a load of 126.0 kN. The rope is made of 12 wires of 2.5 mm

diameter. The rope is 12.6 Figure

m on one

5

side of the pulley and 8.1 m on the

W

other side. Determine the elongation and the factor of safety of the system,

if the yield stress for the wires is 1800.0 MPa and the Young's modulus for

U

wires

the is 1is800.0

rope 150.0MPa

GPa.and the Youngs modulus for the rope is 150.0 GPa.

[8+7]

[8+7]

N T

7. (a) Determine the maximum deection in a simply supported beam of length L

carrying a concentrated load of P at 1/4 of the span from left hand side.

J

(b) Determine the maximum deection in a simply supported beam of length

L carrying a uniformly distributed load from center of the beam to left hand

support. [8+7]

8. The outer diameter of a cylinder is 1.2 times its inner diameter. Assuming = 0.15,

determine the ratio of external and internal pressures applied separately, so that in

both the cases.

(a) the largest stresses have the same numerical values and

(b) the largest strains have the same

numerical

values. [15]

********

2

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II B.Tech I Semester Examinations,November 2010

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Common to ME, MECT, MEP, AE, AME, MMT

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. The outer diameter of a cylinder is 1.8 times its inner diameter. Assuming =0.25,

determine the ratio of external and internal pressures applied separately, so that in

both the cases

(a) the largest stresses have the same numerical values and

D

(b) the largest strains have the same numerical values. [15]

R L

2. Analyze the truss indicated in gure 2 by method of sections. [15]

O

U W

N T

J Figure 2

over 6.0 m spans. Determine the minimum thickness of the pipe, if the allowable

stresses in exure and shear are 140.0 MPa and 100.0 MPa respectively. The eects

of water pressure may be ignored. [15]

4. The maximum allowable stress in a cylinder of 700.0 mm inner diameter and 150.0

mm thickness is 6.3 MPa. Determine the maximum allowable internal and external

pressures on the cylinder, when applied separately. [15]

5. A laminated beam is composed of three planks, each 150 mm by 60 mm, glued

together to form a section 150 mm wide by 180 mm high. The allowable shear

stress in the glue is 600 kPa, the allowable shear stress in the wood is 900 kPa,

and the allowable exure stress in the wood is 8 MPa. Determine the maximum

uniformly distributed load which can be carried by the beam on a 2-m simple span.

[15]

3

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6. Compute the maximum deections and support rotations in the beams of the fol-

lowing gure 6 using

(b) The method of moment area. [15]

Figure 6

LD

the maximum and minimum values.

O R

7. Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the gure 7 given below indicating

[15]

U W

N T Figure 7

J

8. (a) During a stress-strain test, the unit deformation at a stress of 35 MN/m2 was

observed to be 167 106 m/m and at a stress of 140MN/m2 it was 667

106 m/m. If the proportional limit was 200 MN/m2 , what is the modulus of

elasticity? What is the strain corresponding to a stress of 80MN/m2 ? Would

these results be valid if the proportional limit were 150 MN/m2 , explain.

(b) A uniform bar of length L, cross-sectional area A, and unit mass is suspended

2

vertically from one end. Show that its total elongation is = gL 2AE

. If the

M gL2

total mass of the bar is M, show that = 2AE . [8+7]

4

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II B.Tech I Semester Examinations,November 2010

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Common to ME, MECT, MEP, AE, AME, MMT

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

horizontal plane about a vertical axis through one end. If the unit mass of the rod

is and it is rotating at a constant angular velocity rad/sec. Show that the total

2 3

elongation of the rod is 3EL . [15]

D

2. A mild steel pipeline of 550.0 mm diameter and 5 mm thickness is subjected to an

L

internal water pressure of 1.1MPa. The pipeline is subjected to a torque of 70.0

kNm as well. Determine the design stresses in the pipeline. [15]

4 V

R

developed at the neutral axis of a beam with circular

O

cross section is = 3 r2 . Assume that the shearing stress is uniformly distributed

across the neutral axis. [15]

W

4. (a) Explain Macaulays method of beam deection analysis, and discuss its ad-

vantages the direct integration method.

U

(b) Determine the mid-span displacements and slopes at the supports in the beams

N T

shown in gure 4 using the method of moment area. Assume constant exural

rigidity for the beams. [15]

J

Figure 4

5. Plot a curve showing the percentage increase in maximum t over average t for

ratios of thickness to inside radius of thick-walled cylinders varying from 0 to 3.

[15]

the maximum exural stress is 8 MN/m2 , nd the maximum values of w and P

that can be applied simultaneously. [15]

7. Develop Bending moment and Shear force for the gure 7 given below indicating

the maximum and minimum values. [15]

5

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Figure 6

LD

O R

U W

N T Figure 7

Figure 8

6

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LD

O R

U W

N T

J

7

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II B.Tech I Semester Examinations,November 2010

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Common to ME, MECT, MEP, AE, AME, MMT

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) State and prove the moment area theorems. What are the limitations of the

moment area method?

(b) Determine the mid-span displacements and slopes at the supports in the beams

shown in gure 1 using the method of integration. Assume constant exural

rigidity for the beams. [15]

LD

O R

U W Figure 1

N T

2. The outer diameter of a cylinder is 1.4 times its inner diameter. Assuming =

0.30, determine the ratio of external and internal pressures applied separately, so

J

that in both the cases

(a) the largest stresses have the same numerical values and

(b) the largest strains have the same numerical values. [15]

(b) Explain the method of sections, and its limitations.

(c) Explain the method of tension coecients, and its limitations. [15]

4. (a) Dene M.I. (Moment of Inertia) and modulus of a section, and discuss their

inuence on the behaviour of beams.

(b) Compute the distance between the channel sections of 6.5 mm uniform thick-

ness shown in gure 4b so that the principal M.1.of the combined section are

equal. [8+7]

5. (a) How is the yield stress of a material without a well dened yield point deter-

mined?

(b) Dene proof stress of a material and explain its signicance.

8

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Figure 4b

LD

(c) Determine the maximum load that can be supported by a 10.0 m long steel

rope comprising 12 wires of 2.0 mm diameter, if the working stress is 230.0

O R

MPa and Youngs modulus is 180.0 GPa. The rope should not elongate more

than 10.0 mm under the load. [4+4+7]

6. The volume of a hollow cylinder of 800.0 mm diameter, 1.4 m length and 10.0 mm

W

thickness increases by 1245.0 ml when subjected to an internal pressure of 4.5 MPa.

Determine the Poissons ratio of the material, if E = 190.0 GPa. [15]

T U

7. (a) Develop Bending moment and Shear force diagrams for the gure 7a given below

indicating the maximum and minimum values.

JN

Figure 7a

(b) Develop Bending moment and Shear force diagrams for the gure 7b given below

indicating the maximum and minimum values. [8+7]

Figure 7b

9

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8. Develop the shear stress distribution diagrams for the sections shown for the fol-

lowing gures 8 when subjected to a transverse S.F. of 200.0 kN. What are the

maximum shear stresses? [15]

LD

R

Figure 8

O

U W

N T

J

10

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