You are on page 1of 57

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) came into existence on 1st October 1964.

The Company was

formed by the merger of Hindustan Aircraft Limited with Aeronautics India Limited and Aircraft Manufacturing
Depot, Kanpur.

The Company traces its roots to the pioneering efforts of an industrialist with extraordinary vision, the late
Seth Walchand Hirachand, who set up Hindustan Aircraft Limited at Bangalore in association with the
erstwhile princely State of Mysore in December 1940. The Government of India became a shareholder in
March 1941 and took over the Management in 1942.

Today, HAL has 19 Production Units and 9 Research and Design Centres in 7 locations in India. The
Company has an impressive product track record - 12 types of aircraft manufactured with in-house R & D
and 14 types produced under license. HAL has manufactured over 3550 aircraft , 3600 engines and
overhauled over 8150 aircraft and 27300 engines.

HAL has been successful in numerous R & D programs developed for both Defence and Civil Aviation
sectors. HAL has made substantial progress in its current projects :

• Dhruv, which is Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH)

• Tejas - Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)
• Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT)
• Various military and civil upgrades.

Dhruv was delivered to the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and the Coast Guard in March 2002, in the
very first year of its production, a unique achievement.

HAL has played a significant role for India's space programs by participating in the manufacture of structures
for Satellite Launch Vehicles like

• PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle)

• GSLV (Geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle)
• IRS (Indian Remote Satellite)
• INSAT (Indian National Satellite)

HAL has formed the following Joint Ventures (JVs) :

• BAeHAL Software Limited

• Indo-Russian Aviation Limited (IRAL)
• Snecma HAL Aerospace Pvt Ltd
• SAMTEL HAL Display System Limited
• HALBIT Avionics Pvt Ltd
• HAL-Edgewood Technologies Pvt Ltd

Apart from these seven, other major diversification projects are Industrial Marine Gas Turbine and Airport
Services. Several Co-production and Joint Ventures with international participation are under consideration.
Hal’s supplies / services are mainly to Indian Defence Services, Coast Guards and Border Security Forces.
Transport Aircraft and Helicopters have also been supplied to Airlines as well as State Governments of
India. The Company has also achieved a foothold in export in more than 30 countries, having demonstrated
its quality and price competitiveness.

HAL has won several International & National Awards for achievements in R&D, Technology, Managerial
Performance, Exports, Energy Conservation, Quality and Fulfillment of Social Responsibilities.

• HAL was awarded the “INTERNATIONAL GOLD MEDAL AWARD” for Corporate Achievement in
Quality and Efficiency at the International Summit (Global Rating Leaders 2003), London, UK by
M/s Global Rating, UK in conjunction with the International Information and Marketing Centre

• HAL was presented the International - “ ARCH OF EUROPE ” Award in Gold Category in
recognition for its commitment to Quality, Leadership, Technology and Innovation.

• At the National level, HAL won the "GOLD TROPHY" for excellence in Public Sector
Management, instituted by the Standing Conference of Public Enterprises (SCOPE).

The Company scaled new heights in the financial year 2006-07 with a turnover of Rs.7,783.61 Crores
The Company's steady organisational growth over the years with consolidation and enlargement of its
operational base by creating sophisticated facilities for manufacture of aircraft / helicopters, aeroengines,
accessories and avionics is illustrated below.

" To become a globally competitive aerospace industry while working as an instrument for
achieving self-reliance in design, manufacture and maintenance of aerospace defence equipment
and diversifying to related areas, managing the business on commercial lines in a climate of
growing professional competence ".


We are dedicated to building a relationship with our customers where we become partners in
fulfilling their mission. We strive to understand our customers ' needs and to deliver products and
services that fulfill and exceed all their requirements.


We are committed to continuous improvement of all our activities. We will supply products and
services that conform to highest standards of design, manufacture, reliability, maintainability and
fitness for use as desired by our customers.


We believe that our success depends on our ability to continually reduce the cost and shorten the
delivery period of our products and services. We will achieve this by eliminating waste in all
activities and continuously improving all processes in every area of our work.


We believe in striving for improvement in every activity involved in our business by pursuing and
encouraging risk-taking ,experimentation and learning at all levels within the company with a view
to achieving excellence and competitiveness.


We believe in achieving harmony in work life through mutual trust, transparency, co-operation,
and a sense of belonging. We will strive for building empowered teams to work towards achieving
organisational goals.


We value our people. We will treat each other with dignity and respect and strive for individual
growth and realisation of everyone's full potential.

We believe in a commitment to be honest, trustworthy,and fair in all our dealings. We commit to
be loyal and devoted to our organisation. We will practise self discipline and own responsibility for
our actions. We will comply with all requirements so as to ensure that our organisation is always
worthy of trust.
International Customers Domestic Customers

• Airbus Industrie, France • Air India

• APPH Bolton, UK • Air Sahara
• BAE Systems, UK • Airports Authority of India
• Chelton, UK • Bharat Electronics
• Coast Guard, Mauritius • Border Security Force
• Corporate Air, Philippines • Coal India
• Cosmic Air, Nepal • Defence Research & Development Organisation
• Dassault Aviation, France • Govt. of Andhra Pradesh
• Dowty Aerospace Hydraulics, UK • Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir
• EADS, France • Govt. of Karnataka
• ELTA, Israel • Govt. of Maharashtra
• Gorkha Airlines, Nepal • Govt. of Rajasthan
• Hampson, UK • Govt. of Uttar Pradesh
• Honeywell International, USA • Govt. of West Bengal
• Island Aviation Services, Maldives • Indian Airforce
• Israel Aircraft Industries, Israel • Indian Airlines
• Messier Dowty Ltd., UK • Indian Army
• Mistubishi Heavy Industries, Japan • Indian Coast Guard
• MOOG, USA • Indian Navy
• Namibian Air Force, Namibia • Indian Space Research Organisation
• Peruvian Air Force , Peru • Jet Airways
• Rolls Royce Plc, UK • Kudremukh Iron ore Company ltd.
• Royal Air Force, Oman • NALCO
• Royal Malaysian Air Force, • Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.
• Ordnance Factories
• Royal Nepal Army, Nepal
• Reliance Industries
• Royal Thai Air Force, Thailand
• United Breweries
• Smiths Industries, UK
• Snecma, France
• Strongfield Technologies, UK
• The Boeing Aircraft Company, USA
• Transworld Aviation, UAE
• Vietnam Air Force, Vietnam

This Charter is a declaration of our commitment, expectations and highest standards with Total
Quality, to achieve excellence in Design, Manufacture and Maintenance of Aerospace defence
equipment, Software development for Aerospace application and Design Consultancy by
managing the business on commercial lines in the most fair, honest and transparent manner, with
corruption-free service for the benefit of the Customers who are our partners in progress to
ensure safe custody of public money.


We shall accomplish our mission with

• Absolute integrity and dedication

• Total customer satisfaction
• Honesty and transparency
• Courtesy and promptness
• Fairness
• Total quality
• Innovation and creativity
• Trust and team spirit
• Respect for the individual
• Humility
• Compassion

We commit ourselves to do our duty to the best of our ability, integrity and efficiency with the
prime motto of fulfilling the customer’s, shareholders' and individuals requirements and to rise to
their expectations and beyond.


We expect you to

• Be prompt and reasonable

• Be fair, honest and transparent in dealings.
• Adhere to time and delivery schedules
• Extend your cooperation in all our endeavor
• Provide us detailed specifications
• Acquaint us with the systems and maintenance procedures and product performances
• Indicate realistic schedule and make prompt payment

• Comply with the service instructions and timely maintenance procedures.


We shall

• Strictly adhere to the standards, specifications stipulated in ISO-9001

• Ensure that our products reflect the state-of-the-art technology and competitive prices
• Deliver our products as per the agreed delivery Schedules
• Produce goods and services of the highest standards to fulfill all your requirements
• Declare that our products have gone through the strictest quality control norms and
guarantee the total technical life of the product.
• Assure you of the highest standard of service and are ever willing to share our
knowledge and expertise with you
• Acknowledge all correspondence from you within ten working days of its receipt
• Respond to all your communications within twenty working days of its receipt
• Clear your financial dues within thirty working days from receipt of genuine and bonafide
• Strictly adhere to the delivery schedules committed by us to you
• Work as an instrument of self-reliance in aerospace defence equipment
• Strive to attain international standards to become globally competitive. Our R&D efforts
should enable us to be a strong force to reckon with in the global scenario
• Make sincere efforts in meeting all our social obligations towards the community in

• Always strive to maintain cordial relations with the community


We shall

• Always be sensitive to our social obligations and maintain the highest ethical standards
in all our endeavors, business and economic activities.
• Always strive to achieve economy in all our products and services without compromising
the quality standards.
• Always remain competitive in the market through continuous improvement in our
• Always strive to reduce the cost and shorten the delivery schedules of our product and
services. We shall eliminate wasteful practices and continuously improve in all areas of
our work. We shall hold our capital assets in public money in absolute trust and shall
commit ourselves to achieve our economic progress competently and in socially
acceptable ways.

• Provide at international competitive prices.



• Shall adopt systems and procedures which leave no scope for any corrupt practice
• Maintain absolute confidentiality of the information/complaints
• Believe that means and ends cannot be separated. Good end calls for good means.
Good means cannot but lead to good ends. There shall be no need for anyone at any
time to offer bribe or any other inducement for doing business with us. We shall promptly
and expeditiously enquire into all genuine and legitimate complaints of corruption
against any employee of our organisation
• Shall always be honest and transparent and would like to be seen as honest. We shall
not claim any judicial privilege for our documents and records except in rare cases and
that too in the interest of national security.

• Shall implement all the policies and directives of Central Vigilance Commission.
HAL Management Academy (HMA) was
established by the corporate management of
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, way back in
August 1969, under the then name of HAL Staff
College. It was re-named HAL Management
Academy in June 2001 to reflect its focus on
management development, consultancy and
research. HMA has now competed 35 years of
fruitful contribution to the cause of management

Responding to the need amongst practising managers to constantly refresh and update their managerial
skills, HMA offers a variety of programs in an open and short duration format. These programs form a part of
a larger focus on Executive education. HMA’s programs prepare practising managers to meet the
challenges of today’s dynamic business milieu.

These programs provide exposure to the latest development in managerial practice at a global as well as
local level.

HMA’s programs break fresh ground in management thinking as well as practice. Participants gain insight
into both theory as well as application of the latest in management. Participants are encouraged to apply
learning in their organizational contexts, with a view to formulate strategies for post-program

Programs at HMA provide not just individual learning, but also the opportunity to network with other
practising managers in the area, providing for active sharing of experience as well as building useful

The programs offered are conducted by HMA Faculty, who provide a unique blend of academic, research as
well as consulting skills. In addition, all participants have access to the vast infrastructure as well as
resources of the institute.


The Programs conducted at HMA are broadly categorized into

• Individual Development
• General Management
• Functional/ Technical Programs
• Leadership Programs

Certain programs provide opportunity for experiential learning inside and outside the classroom. Action
oriented learning is imparted through outbound training in serene settings away from the hustle bustle of the


HAL Management Academy has qualified and experienced full time faculty who have worked for several
years in production divisions. In addition, senior executives from different divisions are also invited as guest
faculty. Apart from this, expert faculty from reputed institutions like the Indian Institute of Management, the
Indian Statistical Institute, the Administrative Staff College of India, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the
Indian Institute of Science and other well known trainers, consultants are also invited to handle sessions on
specialized topics.


HMA continuously reviews and modernizes its knowledge delivery systems to add value to the services
offered by it. A balanced mix of training methods are used in the Programs. Interactive learning is
supplemented with case studies, syndicate work, role plays, management games, computer simulated
business experiences, outbound training, book reviews, panel discussions and project work. All participants
are assigned project work. The knowledge thus gained can be used in their respective work areas.
Outbound training provides them with opportunities for transformation to become effective leaders and team


• LEAN Management

• Visionary Thinking through Strategic Management

• Human Resource Management for Competitive Advantage in the dynamic


• Personality Development for Corporate Excellence

• Integrated Material Management & Supply Chain Management for Value Addition

• Quality Management

• Finance Management

• Induction and Basic Management Program for new entrants


Diagnostics, experience-sharing, action-planning and learning diary help in enhancing the effectiveness of
learning. Diagnostics exercise enables participants to identify difficulties faced in their work-place, helps
them in analysing the situation and arriving at remedial solutions. The Learning Diary helps participants
identify key learning points. Individual and group action plans are
the means for transferring learning from the classroom to the

A sprawling building amidst thick foliage, lush lawns, pathways and flower beds provide a serene retreat
from the distractions of the bustling metropolis. This ambience has a soothing effect on the minds of the
participants and takes them away from the hectic business scenes to an idyllic location where they can
review their contribution from more creative perspectives.


Training Halls

HMA has five air-conditioned and acoustically-

treated training halls with seating capacity varying
from 15 to 50, with flexible seating arrangements.
Each classroom is equipped with an Overhead
projector, writing board, Public Address System,
Digital Light Processing Projector (DLP), computer
with the necessary state-of-the-art software to
make presentations.


A good library with over 12000 books mainly on

management topics, a number of professional
journals and an impressive collection of audio-
visual aids supplement classroom learning and


An auditorium air-conditioned and acoustically designed with 180 seats is also available for
viewing films / videos and conducting seminars. A well-lit dais is also suitable for cultural
Programs by participants.


Forty fully furnished twin occupancy rooms and five dormitories provide accommodation for a
hundred participants. A neat and tidy cafeteria within the campus provides nutritious food and
caters to the palate of the participants from all over the country

Recreation Centre

The recreation centre is equipped with a home-gym, facilities for indoor and outdoor sports and
also a television set, which provide the participants the much needed relaxation during the off-
hours and holidays. A lot of newspapers and magazines are also available.
In the year 1951, when HT-2 the first indigenously designed primary trainer made its first flight, it heralded
the era of Research & Design at HAL This aircraft served as the back bone of IAF's training fleet for more
than three decades.

Subsequently, HAL's R&D capabilities have grown from strength to strength and have been harnessed to
achieve greater heights of self reliance. The Advanced Light Helicopter - ALH (DHRUV) is the latest new
generation helicopter designed and developed by HAL. It is under production since 2002. The test flights on
Technology Demonstrators (TD-I and II) and Prototype Vehicles (PV-1 and 2) of Light Combat Aircraft - LCA
(Tejas) are progressing satisfactorily. The Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT) is undergoing test flights.

In addition, HAL has successfully completed many systems updates and integration tasks. HAL has 9
Research & Design Centres engaged in the design and development of combat aircraft, helicopters,
aeroengines, gas turbines, engine test beds, aircraft communication and navigation systems and
mechanical system accessories.

The indigenously upgraded MiG-27M aircraft has received Initial Operation Clearance (IOC) and the first
batch of aircraft has been delivered. First flight test on Jaguar Nav WASS upgraded aircraft with
indigenously developed mission computer with weapon delivery capabilities has been carried out and
retromod of fleet has been taken up.

Equipped with the latest facilities, the company is backed by high profile, highly skilled manpower with an
impressive track record of more than five decades of rich experience in all disciplines of aeronautics.
The Aircraft R & D Centre of HAL has a full spectrum of expertise in all facets of aircraft design &
development. Acquired through sustained learning and R & D, our proven capabilities are backed by rich in-
service experience spanning over five decades. Aircraft R&D Center of HAL has eleven successful designs
to its credits ranging from basic trainers to front line combat aircraft. Nine of these designs have gone into
series production and have seen active service in the Indian Air Force.

The Centre has also integrated new weapons & systems on existing
military aircraft. The Centre has extensive state of the art test facilities
and full fledged Manufacturing Infrastructure for building Aircraft prototype and Test Articles & can support
Flight Developments programs and has advanced CAD & Fully Integrated Network System. The Centre, has
been certified for the Development of Military & civil airplane and has been recognized as an R&D Centre by
the Department of Science and Technology. We are committed to the pursuit of excellence through
continuous improvement and innovation.

• Current Projects in hand: -

o Light combat aircraft
 Fighter Version
 Trainer Version
 Naval Version
o Intermediate jet trainer development (HJT - 36)
o Digitization of drawings for Boeing
o Development of flight simulators
o Upgrading / retrofit projects
• Future Programs: -
o Multi-Role Transport Aircraft (MTA) - Cargo Version.
o Unmanned Combat Air vehicle.
o HPT -32 Upgrade / Replacement
o Medium Combat Aircraft Pre-feasibilities studies are initiated
• CAD Facility - The Center has advanced CAD/CAM & Fully Integrated Network system (LAN) with
100 NT and 41 Unix CAD workstations. Today ARDC has 17 Catia Workstations along with 100
Unigraphics & iman licenses and several licenses for Nastran, Patran, NFS Maestro Solo, DB2
(Database). ARDC has expertise in the fields of Master geometry Development, Lofting and Sheet
Metal Development, High End Digitization, Solid Modeling and Catia Training.

• HAL's closed circuit wind tunnel is well equipped to meet the low speed aerodynamic test
requirements. The tunnel is equipped with computerized real time data acquisition system and
instrumentation facility to cater to different types of tests. We can undertake design, fabrication and
testing of both low and high speed wind tunnel models and also carry out post-test analysis

• Our structural test laboratories are comprehensively equipped to carry out material
characterisation, static and dynamic tests on structural components and experimental stress

• We have the capability to carry out tests on aircraft systems together with expertise in formulation
of test requirements and design and fabrication of test rigs. Our expertise and infrastructure can

cater to a wide spectrum of test requirements.

• A well established Flight Test Centre' caters to the needs of instrumentation and flight testing of
prototype aircraft. The Flight Test Centre has Telemetry ground station with autotracking system,
tape recorders, Pulse Code Modulation & Frequency Modulation decommutation systems, high
performance computer facility for real time processing and analysis, video acquisition and display

• FTC was also involved in clearance of structural modes, avionics updates and weapon integration
in number of aircrafts. Over the years more than ten prototype aircraft projects and number of
modes have been completed successfully involving more than 500 test flights. FTC has been
updating the facilities and refining the test techniques to keep up with the advancements in the
technologies. FTC can undertake development of any specific interface units or electronic units for
aircraft and development of any electronic ground support equipment.

• ARDC has full fledged facilities for System and Structural Test requirements. ARDC has extensive
state - of - the - art test facilities. Iron bird is available for Development and Integration of Advanced
Flight Control System.

• ARDC Simulation Group: - Core competence built-up through research, design, manufacturing and
overhauling of a variety of aerospace products is being utilized by Simulation Business Group
under Aircraft R&D Centre (ARDC) to develop and produce flight and maintenance training
simulators. In specific technology areas of flight simulation, consultancy/assistance would be
Core Competencies: -
• Up gradation and development of Flight and Maintenance simulators for fixed and rotary wing

aircraft using COTS systems

• Fixed/ Motion based Full Flight Simulators

• Flight Training Devices

• Part Task Trainers

• Cockpit Procedure Trainers

• Maintenance of Simulators
Projects Executed (in-house): -
• Cockpit Procedure Trainer for MIG 21 type 77

• Avionics Part Task Trainer for MIG 21 BIS

Projects Under Execution: -

• Up gradation of Air Combat Simulator for Indian Air Force

• Avionics Part Task Trainers for MIG 21 BIS upgraded aircraft for Indian Air Force

• Up gradation of Navigation and Weapon Systems Maintenance Simulator for Indian Air Force

• Full Flight Simulator for Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH)

• Full Mission Simulator for HJT-36 aircraft

The Aircraft Research & Design Centre has full fledged
manufacturing infrastructure for building aircraft
prototypes and test articles and can support flight
development programmes. In addition to conventional
manufacturing facilities, production engineering, tool
design and engineering skills, the Centre has CNC
machining facilities and advanced composites
manufacturing facilities.

The manufacturing divisions of HAL provide support for special manufacturing processes like
machining and forming of super alloys, development of precision castings and forgings, electron
beam welding etc. These facilities are manned by skilled, experienced and dedicated engineers
and technicians.
We Undertake :

• Design & Development of basic and

advanced trainers and combat aircraft
from concept to certification

• Integration of new weapons and

systems on existing aircraft

• Testing of aircraft structure and systems

covering preparation of test requirement,
test plans, rig design, instrumentation and analysis

• Wind tunnel model design, fabrication, testing and analysis

• Preparation of flight test plan, onboard instrumentation and flight testing of aircraft and

• CAD services including surface design, 3D modeling, digitisation etc.

• Research programmes in related areas

• Quality Assurance: - ARDC has well established and well proven design office
procedures and configuration control procedures. Design quality is ensured through
analysis, review, testing and documentation. We also have proven quality assurance
procedures in all the phases of manufacture of prototype aircraft that conform to the
requirement of civil and military airworthiness.
Aircraft Technology

Our proven capabilities in aerodynamic design are backed by contemporary analysis tools,
experimental testing and the ability to take a design from concept to final certification. The Centre
has extensive experience and expertise in :

• Requirement Analysis and Design Synthesis

• Configuration Evolution and Optimisation

• Estimation of Aerodynamics Characteristics

• Computational Fluid Dynamics

• Flight Mechanics

• Intake Aerodynamics

• Propulsion Engineering

• Computation of Aerodynamics Loads

• Wind Tunnel Model Design, Testing and Analysis

• Spin Analysis

• External Stores Separation Characteristics Analysis and Testing

• Flight Test Requirement and Post Flight Analysis

Structural Technology

Through innovative design, static and dynamic

analysis and progressive application of emerging
technologies, we have to our credit several
successful airframe designs which have stood the
test of time successfully. We have comprehensive
capabilities in :

• Design of Conventional Light Alloy


• Design of Primary Structure using

Advanced Composites

• Static Structural Analysis and Optimisation

• Dynamic Analysis

• Fatigue and Fracture Analysis and Life Estimation

• State-of-the-art Ground Test Facilities for Static, Dynamic and Fatigue Testing

• Experimental Stress Analysis

• Material Testing

• Airworthiness Requirement

• Configuration Control and Standards

• Computer Aided Engineering with Advanced Design and Analysis tools

• Vibration Qualification Tests

• Structural Coupling Tests

• Full Aircraft Static and Fatigue Tests

System Design and Integration

The excellent skills that we possess in Systems

Design have contributed to the successful
development of various aircraft programs. We also
have an enormous in-service experience. Our design
expertise includes: :

• Requirement Analysis

• System Design and Architecture

• System Software Development

• Landing Gear Design

• Flight Control and Hydraulic System Design

• Fuel Management System Design

• Electrical System Design

• Avionics Integration

• Microprocessor Controlled System Management

• Installation Design

• System Testing

• Design of Test Rigs and Formulation of Test Plans

• Environmental Control System Design

• Life Support System Design

• Utility System Management System Design

• Undercarriage System Design

• Steer-by-Wire System Design

• Break Management System Design

The Rotary Wing R & D Centre, with modern
facilities and State of the art technologies,
spearheads HAL's thrust towards excellence in
the field of helicopter design.

Expertise in the design and development of

rotary wing aircraft has been built up over the
last three decades by progressive induction of
qualified designers, optimal design, prototype
development, ground testing and flight testing.

The Centre is capable of undertaking

challenging rotary wing and allied design tasks
for Civil and Military applications. The Centre has also upgraded the Cheetah and Chetak
helicopters to meet the requirements of Military and Civil customers.

The objective of the Centre is to research, innovate and create designs for rotary wing aircraft to
meet indigenous and global requirements.

The Centre holds recognition and approval for research, design and manufacture of Civil and
Military helicopters.

Quality Statement

We are irrevocably committed to continuous improvement in all our activities to ensure supply of
products and services that conform to the highest standards of design, reliability and
maintainability as desired by our customers, The design is constantly reviewed and performance
monitored with the active participation of customers and airworthiness agencies in order to
ensure compliance with all requirements.
Detail Design

The Centre has designed composite Main and Tail

Rotor Blades, Gear Boxes and Crashworthy
Fuselage for the ALH.

• Light Weight Crashworthy Structure

(Composite and Metallic)

• Composite Rotor Blades

• High Performance Mechanical Transmission


• Mechanical Control Systems for Rotors

• Advanced Rotor Systems


The Centre has designed and tested wind tunnel models and
flotation models. Dynamic analysis of components and
structures of ALH have been carried out by FEM and FFT
analysis methods.

• Estimation of Performance, Load and CG

• Stability and Control

• Crash Analysis of Structure

• Finite Element Modeling and Analysis

• Dynamic Stress Analysis

• Vibration Analysis

System Design

Each customer's unique specifications have been met in the ALH,

in the design of advanced cockpit with Multi-function Display
(MFD) and Night Vision Goggles (NVG) capability, flight control
systems, communication and navigation systems. The Centre
has carried out the integration of:

• State-of-the-art Cockpit Display System

• Avionics
• Electrical System

• Hydraulics / AFCS and Flight Control Systems

• Landing Gear

• Power Plant and Fuel System

• Oxygen System
Ground Testing

Ground Test capabilities include Structural and System

testing along with design and fabrication of the Test Rigs.

• Static and Stiffness test on Components and


• Fatigue and Endurance Tests

• Tests on Hydraulic, Flight control and

Transmission Systems

• Vibration and Ground Resonance Tests

• Development of Special Test Equipment and Integrated Dynamic System facilities like
whirl towers

• Development of Software for Test Control, Monitoring, Data Acquisition and Analysis

• Strain Gauging and Calibration for in-flight Load Measurement

Flight Testing

Decades of experience with Fixed Wing and Rotary Wing

Aircraft Flight Testing enables Conceptualiation, Design,
Fabrication and Commissioning of Compact and Flexible
Instrumentation Packages, Data Acquisition Systems and
Analysis of Flight Test results.

• Development of on-board Data Acquisition and

Telemetry capable of handling more than 1000

• Real-time and post-flight analysis

• Development of Software for the above activities

The Centre is proficient in all aspects of certification and customer support which includes:

• Certifications of design to International Military and Civil Airworthiness requirement

• Reliability and Maintainability Analysis

• Documentation to International Standards

• Defect Investigation
Projects Completed

• The Centre has successfully designed and developed the multi-role Advanced Light
Helicopter (DHRUV) certified by military and civil certification authorities

• The Centre has also successfully evolved modifications to upgrade Cheetah and Chetak
helicopters to meet user requirement

• Design support for Re-engining of the Cheetah Helicopter

• Modifications for SeaKing Helicopter

Current Projects

• Weapon System Integration on ALH

• Glass Cockpit Development for ALH

• Light Combat Helicopter (LCH)

Future Projects

Advanced Light Helicopter Improvement

• Improved Main Gear Box

• Alternate Engine Integration

• Health and Usage Monitoring System

Advanced Technologies:

• Bearingless Main Rotor

• Ducted Fan Tail Rotor

• Composite Tail Drive Shaft

• Fly_by_light Controls

• Radar Cross Section Studies

Upgradation and life extension of:

• Cheetah / Chetak Helicopters

• MI Helicopters

• KAMOV Helicopters

• Seaking Rotor Blades

• Seaking Para Sailing Modifications

Extensive facilities have been established for
design, prototype fabrication, testing and analysis of
rotary wing aircraft structure, high performance
transmission system, integration of electrical
system, avionics, engines and flight control system.

Computing Facilities

• Main frames, super minis, work stations and PC based systems

• Finite element analysis and optimisation of structure using NASTRAN, ANSYS and

• Software for analysis of advanced composites and crash analysis

• Computer aided design and drafting of structural components and systems

• Modelling of structural parts for NC machining


In addition to fully equipped prototype

manufacturing facilities, the Centre has a
Composite shop with autoclave, Blade mould
fabrication, Impregnating machine, Water jet cutting
Machine, NDT facility and is supported by the
Helicopter division with full-fledged manufacturing,
production engineering, quality and product support

Ground Testing

• Universal Testing Machines

• Vibration Test Facilities

• Transmission Test Rigs for Gear Boxes, Flexible Couplings and Shafts
• Servo Controllers

• Main and Tail Rotor Whirl Towers

• Strain Gauging and Calibration Facilities

• Instrumentation and Data Acquisition Systems

Flight Testing

• Flight Test Rigs and Calibration Facilities

• Multi-stream PCM, Avionic Bus Recording and Data


• L -Band Telemetry System with Real Time Display and

Processing Facilities along with Hot Mike Link between Test
crew and Monitoring Station

• Real Time Spectral Analysers and High Speed FFT


• Real Time Graphic Limit Exceedance Monitoring System

• Special On-board Test Facilities and Rigs like Trailing Static Bomb, Electrical AC / DC
Loads, On-board Antenna Pattern Analyser and Photo Instrumentation System
The Design Centre at HAL Nasik division
established in 1964 to provide design support to the
manufacturing programme of MiG-21 FL aircraft has
grown over the years in strength, capability,
infrastructure and facilities into a full-fledged Aircraft
Upgrade Research, and Design Centre (AURDC).

Presently it has over 100 qualified designers with

vast experience In all activities connected with
design viz. design improvements on MiG series
aircraft to suit customer's needs, support to
indigenisation, technology upgradation, structural
integrity studies for life extension, flight test analysis
and mid-life update. The Centre IS recognised by
the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India.

The Centre is supported by a full-fledged analytical laboratory and facilities for fabrication,
assembly, ground resource and flight testing of aircraft and its systems.
Our Quality

Our commitment to quality is reflected in our

determination to adopt and maintain a quality system
of the highest standard in the industry.

Our quality system is certified to ISO - 9001.

It is constantly reviewed and audited by a team of

dedicated quality professionals. Production
processes are closely monitored at all times to
ensure compliance with the requirements.
Our quality culture, which we actively and continuously promote through training, is based on
individual accountability and continuous improvements.

Every worker is putting in his best, aiming to do it right from the first time and every time, and
doing it better the next time.

Our Objectives

• Mid-Iife upgrade of all types of aircraft, research,design and development support to

manufacturing and overhaul

• Product improvement

• Structural integrity studies and life extension

• Flight analysis

• Indigenisation of aircraft materials, systems and spares

• Technology forecast and upgradation.

Over 300 modifications have been carried out on MiG-21
aircraft variants and 31 modifications on MiG - 27M
aircraft to improve the technical and tactical capabilities
of the aircraft.

The Salient Modifications are :

• Integration of State-of-the-art Avionics Systems

on MiG -27M Aircraft

• Integration of New Weapons

• Improvement in Electrical Systems

• Modification of Mechanical Systems

• Structural Modifications

Modifications and indigenisation of components / material for aircraft and helicopters of Russian
origin acquired by the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy.

Aircraft Update

• MiG-21 BIS improvement Phase I was

successfully designed, the aircraft was
modified and tested to improve range and

• MiG-21 BIS update with new Radar, Nav-

attack system, HUD, MFD and avionics
with the necessary structural, electrical
and mechanical modifications are in

• MiG-27M update is on hand

• Weight reduction performance improvement

• Life extension studies on MiG-21 series, MiG-23, MiG-27M, MiG-29, AN-32 and trainer

• Technical Publications

• Battle Damage Repair Manual

• Technical Description Books

• Trouble Shooting Manuals

Our Capabilities

• Vast experience on Fighter aircraft

• Familiarity with MiG 21, 23, 27 and

29 series aircraft structure and
system design philosophy, material
and technology
• Avionics / Weapon Integration / Upgrade of Aircraft

• Aerodynamics, Stress and Structural Analysis

• Accident / Incident Investigation and Product Improvement

• Life Extension Programmes

• Indigenisation of Aircraft Material and Components

• Structural Integrity and Resource / Simulated Service Life Test

• Material Testing / Analysis

• Quality Assurance

• Training in Aircraft Systems and Technology

• Technical Documentation and Publication

• Consultancy on Serviceability and Failure Investigation of Aircraft

• Modification and Development Projects from the initial conception stage right through
Design, Analysis, System Integration, Prototyping, Ground and Flight Testing

Our Facilities

• Facilities for Fabrication, Assembly and

Testing of State-of-the-art Aircraft and
its Systems

• Overhaul of Aircraft and Wide Range of

Aircraft Components

• CAD Centre with State-of-the-art

Software Tools

• Static / Resource Test Laboratory

• Destructive Testing for Metals and Non-metals

• Non-Destructive Testing

• Metallography

• Pyrometry

• Inorganic and Organic Material Analysis

• Flight Testing

• Auditorium with Audio-visual Training Aids

• Vibrostrengthening

• Prototype Shop

• Metrology

• Pilot Plant for Development of Rubber Components, Glues and Adhesives

• Computerised Production Planning and Control System ( PPC ) for Aircraft Production,
Overhaul and Upgrade Tasks
Transport Aircraft R & D Centre was
established in 1967 and has been engaged
in product updates, modification and system
integration on medium capacity transport
aircraft, trainer aircraft and gliders.

The center is engaged in development of

major structural and avionics modifications
for both civil and military aircraft and is also
engaged in development of repair technology for in-situ repairs and permanent repair for civil and
military aircraft. The Centre is currently working on anti-submarine warfare role and integration of
electronic warfare equipments on DO-228 transport aircraft. The Centre has also integrated
weapon system on DO-228 aircraft for paramilitary operations.

Adaptation of integrally milled and hydraulically formed wing panel for integral fuel tank
development to replace rubber tanks on HPT -32 aircraft is an illustration of our commitment to
the pursuit of excellence through continuous improvement and innovation.

The centers successful integration of state of the art maritime surveillance Radar system of M/S
Elta on Navy & Cost Guard DO-228 aircraft is an illustration of our commitment towards meeting
customers needs.

While the inspection coverage for the fabricated parts

and assemblies is provided by the central QC
department, the Centre looks after the other QA
activities of research and design which involve:

• Design quality

• Standards

• Reviews for inspectability and testability

• Defect investigation

• Vendor selection and approval

Aircraft Technology

Our capabilities in project design are

evidenced by our skills in executing it, right
from the concept stage to final product

The Centre has extensive expertise in:

• Requirement Analysis and Design


• Configuration Evolution and Optimisation

• Product Updates and Role Modification

• Cabin Furnishing and VIP-Conversion

• Development of Repair Technology and Application to Transport and Trainer Aircraft

• Cabin Layout
Structural Technology

Through innovative design, structural analysis and

progressive application of emerging technologies, we
have accomplished several successful designs of
airframe modules which have stood the test of time.

We have comprehensive capabilities in :

• Computer Aided Design (CAD)

• Design of Advanced Composite Structures

• Corrosion Prevention and Control Procedure VIP Layout

• Static Structural Analysis and Optimisation

• Fatigue / Fracture Analysis and Life Estimation

• Static and Dynamic Testing

• Experimental Stress Analysis

• Material Testing

• Airworthiness Requirement
System Design Integration
Our excellent skills in systems design and vast technical
experience have resulted in the development of several
successful role modifications and update programmes.

Our design expertise includes know-how in:

• Requirement Analysis

• System Design and Architecture

• Installation Design

• Reliability / Failure Mode Analysis

• Formulation of Test Plans

• Ground and Flight Testing

• System Testing

• Design of Test Rigs

Programmes Completed

The Centre has successfully designed a large

number of role modifications and product update
of transport and trainer aircraft.

HPT - 32 Basic Trainer Aircraft :

• Integral Fuel Tank to Replace Rubber


• Integration of Solid State Cockpit Voice


• Design for Improved Crashworthiness

• Increase of Time between Overhaul

DO-228 Transport Aircraft

• Extra Large Cabin Door for Cargo Loading

• Integration of:

o Elta Radar
o Gun Pod
o IR / UV line Scanner
o Flight Data Recorder
o Super Marec Radar

• Cabin Furnishing and VIP Layouts

• Integration of Mandatory Airworthiness Modification viz, GPWS, TCAS and Mode-S on
transport aircraft like DO-228
HS-748 Transport Aircraft

• Avro Upgrade Program

• Integration of Mandatory Airworthiness Modification viz, GPWS, TACS and Mode-S on

HS-748 and AN-32 transport aircraft also

Our Facilities
has well

established facilities for manufacturing and meeting

quality standards. These include:


• Sheet Metal Forming

• Aircraft Quality Welding

• Conventional, NC and CNC Machining

• Advanced Composite Components, Tooling and Assembly Technology

• Vacuum Forming and Deep Drawing Machine

• Test Lab including UTM, 3D CMM, Nikon Profile Projector, Hardness Testing Machine,
CNC Machining Facility, Impact Test Facility, Ultrasonic Testing

• Tool Design and Engineering

• Aircraft Assembly and System Testing

• Equipment Overhaul and Testing

• Flight Preparation and Testing

• Aircraft Painting

• Runway Adjacent to Assembly Hangar


• Technical library

• Documentation & Publication

Customer Support

• Training of Ground and Flight Crews

• Well proven Customer Information and Documentation System

• Defect Investigation and Failure Analysis for Continuous Product Update

• Accident Investigation
The Centre started functioning in the year
1960 with the aim of becoming a globally
competitive R&D Centre for achieving self
reliance in design & development of gas
turbine engines and test beds in a climate of
growing professional competence. The
Centre has successfully developed,


• Piston Engine upto 300kW (HPE-4,

HPE-2, PE-90)

• Jet Engine of 1120 kg thrust (HJE-2500)

• Jet Engine of 380 kg thrust (PTAE- 7)

• Turboshatt Engine of 110kW power (GTSU-110)


• Pneumatic starter (HFES) and

• Hydraulic pump (HHP).

Over the years the Centre has established extensive test facilities for development of aero
engines and components like compressor, combustor and turbine.

The Centre has also designed and commissioned

Test beds for

• Garrett engine
• Allison engine
• R29B engine
• RD33 engine

Test Facilities for

• Aircraft mounted accessory gear box

• High cycle fatigue test rig for blades

Test Bed Projects under progress for

• Adour engine
• Pegasus engine

• LM 2500 engine
Quality Assurance

• Well-established quality assurance procedures in conformance with latest airworthiness


• 3-D coordinate measuring machine, for precise measurement of blade profiles,

coaxiality and concentricity of components.

• Balancing machine with provision for measuring unbalance to the nearest 0.5 cmg
Engine Design

Aerothermodynamic Design

During the last three decades the Centre has

successfully designed the advanced
technology transonic axial compressor, radial
compressor, annular straight flow and reverse
flow combustors, axial and radial turbines,
State-of-the-art performance estimation and
analysis programmes.
Structural Design

Based on the rich experience gained in the successful development of two projects, the Centre
has attained good competence in:

• Layout Design

• Detail Design of Components

• Material Science

• Gear Train Design

• Rotor Dynamics

• Tribology

Structural Sub-system Design

• Expertise in Vibration Analysis, Rotor Dynamics, Material Selection, Life Estimation and
Structural Testing of Components

• Detailed data bank available in the design of Sub-systems like Fuel Control System
(Hydro- mechanical and Electronic), Lubrication System and Blade Vibration Testing
System and Engine Health Monitoring Systems

Test Facilities
The Centre has established excellent capabilities to
commission engine test beds on "turn-key" basis. Test
facilities for aero engine components like compressors,
combustion chambers and turbines have been
established for aiding the development of engines.
Facilities for fatigue testing of blades, overspeed testing
of rotors and 'g' load testing of engines are also
available. The HP 1000 computer based on-line data
acquisition system augments testing and performance
analysis in real time.

Manufacturing Facilities

• Fully equipped prototype shop supported by the

Engine Division of HAL to meet the highest
quality standards of the components
• Manufacturing capabilities with sophisticated
equipments for vacuum heat treatment,
chromising, sermetal coating, high speed finish
painting of rotor / stator blades, shafts and

• CNC, curvic grinding and electron beam welding


• Fully equipped laboratory

Quality Assurance

• Well-established quality assurance

procedures that conform to the latest
requirement in airworthiness

• 3-D Coordinate Measuring Machines, for

precise measurement of blade profiles,
coaxiality and concentricity of components

• Balancing machine with provision for measuring to the nearest 0.5 cmg accuracy

Computer Aided Design

• Graphic Work Stations

• HP 1000 Data Acquisition System


• Unigraphics CAD Software

• ANSYS Analysis Software

• NISA Analysis Software


• Design and Analysis Software developed in-house

Customer Support

We take up the design of small gas turbine engines and their components and provide
consultancy on various problems related to aerodynamics, heat transfer, structures and fatigue.

We undertake engine test beds and accessories test rigs projects from feasibility studies to
project implementation on "turn key" basis.

All projects handled by the Centre are backed by excellent product support and customer
Emanating from the Company's Mission Statement, the strategic Human Resource Development
(HRD) goal of HAL is to create an atmosphere of technological and managerial excellence to
become a globally competitive Aerospace Industry. With the changing environment, rapid
technological changes characterised by a paradigm shift from licensed production to R&D based
production duly balanced with co-development / co-production, technological upgradation etc.,
greater customer demand, focused diversification to civilian and export markets, the overall
objective of the Human Resource Development plan is to build a vibrant and learning
organisation, so as to meet the challenges of quality and excellence, recruitment and retention of
competent human resources and develop high commitment and a sense of belongings to the
Company. Accordingly, the Company's HR Vision, Mission, Objectives, Strategies and Policies
have been identified and indicated as follows:-


"To make HAL a dynamic, vibrant, value-based learning organisation with human resources
exceptionally skilled, highly motivated and committed to meet the current and future challenges.
This will be driven by core values of the Company fully embedded in the culture of the


Enable all those working for HAL to give their best to ensure their all-round growth as well as that
of the Organization


• To ensure availability of Total Quality People to meet the Organizational Goals and

• To have a continuous improvement in Knowledge, Skill and Competence (Managerial,

Behavioral and Technical)

• To promote a Culture of Achievement and Excellence with emphasis on Integrity,

Credibility and Quality

• To maintain a motivated workforce through empowerment of Individual and Team-


• To enhance Organizational Learning

• To play a pivotal role directly and significantly to enhance Productivity, Profitability and
improve the Quality of Work Life


• To be in total alignment with Corporate Strategy

• Maintain Human Resource at optimum level to meet the objectives and goals of the
• Be competent in Mapping, Analysis and Upgradation of Knowledge and Skills including
Training, Re-training, Multi-skilling etc

• Cultivate Leadership with Shared Vision at various levels in the Organization

• Focus on Development of Core Competence in High-Tech areas

• Build Cross-functional Teams

• Create awareness of Mission, Values and Organizational Goals through out the

• Introduce / Implement personnel policies based on performance that would ensure

growth, Rewards, Recognition, Motivation


• Competence Building

• Commitment

• Motivation

• Employee Relations

In the backdrop of the above, the focus of Human Resource Development initiatives at HAL
emphasize the following:


• Out sourcing of low tech and medium tech jobs

• Fresh induction only in critical / highly specialised areas based on
requirements due to increase in work load and super annuation profile
(Annexure-II). In the Workmen Cadre, induction will be restricted to Direct
Workmen only
• Improving the existing qualification profile by focusing on induction of
professionally qualified personnel and diploma holders

Hence focus of recruitment would be to recruit people with a combination of knowledge, skill,
experience and attitude in line with the organisational requirement through appropriate manpower
plan both short term (contract appointments) and long term recruitment programme.


Training is one of the most important tools for developing human resource. Hence, identification
of training competency profile in terms of Vision, Mission of the Company would be the strategic
point of the training and development strategy of the Company. The following objectives have
been set in this regard:-

• To provide training to all employees at regular intervals in a plan

period of 5 years

• Training to become an integral component of individual professional

evolution by:
o updating knowledge to avoid obsolescence
o enhancing professional creativity
o enabling employees to shoulder higher responsibility
o creating a business trend and strategic thinking to take up
new business challenges (creation of Centre of Excellence, etc)

The goals of training will be to progressively achieve 7 days training per employee per year with a
budget of 2% of annual Wage Bill.

Keeping in view the organisational requirement and goals and objectives of training, the following
have been identified as the key focus areas of training:

• Technology
• Tooling
• Quality
• Information Technology

Further, to facilitate the development of soft skills (change of mind-set, managerial development
etc.) training would be imparted on a continuous basis. Tie-ups with Centres of Excellence like
IITs, NDC, FIAS France etc. for imparting training would be given prime importance.


Appraising people for meeting the Company's goal would be the prime focus of performance
management. The new Performance Appraisal System based on work planning and commitment
(mutually agreed tasks) , self-review and performance analysis, performance review and
feedback would ensure that the focus would be on value adding activities rather than on routine
activities which bear no relationship with the Organisation's goals and objectives.

Identification of low performers and resultant corrective action through out the Company would
be given priority. Similarly, faster career growth opportunity would be provided to high


The focus of the reward system in the Company is to promote team work and cultivate a sense of
achievement and excellence in the Organisation. This is in addition to the existing scheme of
reward for an individual who innovatively and creatively makes exemplary contributions in the key
thrust areas of the Company that would lead to its achieving overall excellence. Coupled with the
above, schemes like "Inter Divisional Competition" and "Profit Sharing Scheme" have been
institutionalised in the Company for team reward.


A "Learning Organisation" is essential for survival in the present era of Liberalisation, Privatisation
and Globalisation. Therefore, "Knowledge" is the only core competence of Organisations for
coping with changes. Since individual knowledge is the starting point for organizational
knowledge, it is only the employees who can convert knowledge into efficient actions.

In line with the above philosophy, among other initiatives like institutionalizing Learning Centres in
Divisions etc., HAL has also introduced the scheme for Learning and Certification for executives
as a starting point for building individual knowledge. The scheme inter-alia provides an
opportunity for the Junior and Middle Management Cadre Executives to broaden their perspective
by not only learning about all functions and procedures in their respective disciplines but also in
related areas and overall knowledge about the Organization and its environment. So far,
approximately, 45% (both for "O" & "A" level) of executives have been certified (Annexure IV). It
is proposed to expand the coverage of this scheme further, if required, by linking the scheme to
some kind of reward mechanism.
Lastly, the HRD Plan will also include time-to-time OD Interventions to address specific
requirement of the Company.

Related Interests