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Wayne'sWord Index NoteworthyPlants Trivia Lemnaceae Biology101 Botany Search

Palms Bamboos Agaves Cactus Conifers1 Conifers2 Legumes1 Legumes2 Figs(Ficus)


Trees1 Trees2 Trees3 Shrubs1 Shrubs2 Shrubs3 Wildflowers

PalomarCollegeArboretumImages1:Palms ArboretumGifts

ArboretumHomePage ArboretumPhotoGallery Wayne'sWordArboretumPage PlantFamilyList ArboretumMaps

PalmFamily(Arecaceae)

PalmTerraceatthePalomarCollegeArboretum.

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Left:Kingpalm(Archontophoenixcunninghamiana),abeautifulspeciesnativetoAustralia.
Right:TrithrinaxacanthocomanativetoBrazil.

Left:Senegaldatepalmhybrid?Possiblyahybridbetween(Phoenixreclinata)nativetotropical
Africa,andthepigmydatepalm(P.roebelenii)nativetosoutheastAsia.Right:Acoelorraphe
wrightii,astrikingfanpalmnativetotheFloridaEverglades.

Trianglepalm(Neodypsisdecaryi),afanpalmnativetoMadagascar.

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Left:Windmillpalm(Trachycarpusfortunei)nativetonorthernBurmaandChina.Right:
Fishtailpalm(Caryotaurens)nativetosoutheastAsia.

Left:Shavingbrushpalm(Rhopalostylissapida)nativetotheNorfolkIslandsandNew
Zealand.Center:PuertoRicanhatpalm(Sabalcausiarum)nativetoPuertoRico.Young
leavesofthispalmareboiled,driedandactuallywovenintohatsandbaskets.Mostother
speciesofSabalretaintheiroldleafbasescreatingatexturedcrisscrossor"cabbageleaf"
patternonthetrunk.SeveralotherspeciesofSabalintheArboretumhavethisdistinctive
crisscrosspattern,includingS.palmetto.

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Left:Livistonadecipiens,afountainpalmnativetoAustralia.Right:Livistonaaustralis,
anotherspeciesoffountainpalmnativetoAustralia.Itisalsocalledcabbagepalm.

PuertoRicanhatpalm(Sabalcausiarum)nativetoPuertoRicoandHispaniola.

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Sawpalmetto(Serenoarepens),adenseclumpingpalmnativetosouthernFlorida.Thisthe
sourceofsawpalmettotakenbymenforahealthyprostategland.

MedicinalQualitiesOfSawPalmetto
EdibleFruitsFromPalms

Left:CanaryIslanddatepalm(Phoenixcanariensis)nativetotheCanaryIslands.Right:Cretan
datepalm(P.theophasti)nativetoGreeceandTurkey.Thelatterspeciesissimilarin
appearancetothecultivateddatepalm(P.dactylifera).Thebasalleafsegments(pinnae)are
modifiedintostiffspines.Likesharppointeddaggers,theyareahazardwhenclimbingintodate
palmstopickthefruit.

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EdibleFruitsOfTheDatePalm

Left:Queenpalm(Syagrusromanzoffiana),abeautifulpalmnativetosouthernBraziland
Argentina,andwidelycultivatedinsouthernCalifornia.Right:Driedfruits(drupes)ofthequeen
palmwiththeoutergreenskin(exocarp)removed.Thefruitsresembleminiaturecoconuts,
particularlythefibroushusk(mesocarp)ininnerwoodyendocarpwiththreegerminationpores.
Themeatyseedtissue(endosperm)eventastesalittlelikethecoconut.Infact,thispalmwas
onceplacedinthesamegenusasthecoconutpalm(Cocosnucifera).ItwasnamedCocos
plumosa.LaterthenamewaschangedtoArecastrumromanzoffianumandfinallytoSyagrus
romanzoffiana.

Queenpalmendocarpsshowingthemany"faces"producedbygerminationpores.Thefarright
endocarpwaspolishedbyStevenDisparti.

HowLargeIsPennyInAboveImage
EdibleFruitsOfTheCoconutPalm
TheExistenceOfCoconutPearls

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Jellypalm(Butiacapitata),aSouthAmericanmonoeciouspalmnativetoBrazil.Thelarge
clusterofyellowishorangedrupesisproducedonastalknearthebaseofthecurvedleaves.
Thedrupeshaveafleshy,sweetmesocarpwiththeflavorofapricots.Theyareeatenfreshor
madeintojellies,jams,cakes,piesandotherdeliciousdeserts.

Left:Carnadaywaxpalm(Coperniciaalba)nativetoParaguay,northernArgentina,Bolivia,and
contiguoussouthwesternBrazil.Itresemblesthecarnaubawaxpalm(C.prunifera)andisa
secondarysourceofindustrialwax.Leavesareremovedindividuallyfromthetree,cutand
shredded,andthendried,sothatwaxflakesoff.Apoundofcarnaubawaxisobtainedfromabout
20leaves.Thispowderismelted,strained,andthenmoldedintoblocks,tobeshippedto
manufacturingcountries.Right:LeafbaseandpetioleofC.albashowingsharp,clawlikespines.
Theleaveshaveathick,waxycuticlelayercoveringtheepidermis.Severalpiecesofraw
carnaubawaxfromC.pruniferaarealsoshownatbottomleft.Alittleknownfact:Carnauba
waxisusedonJellyBeanandgormetJellyBellycandiestoproducetheshinysurface!

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NaturalWaxesFromLeaves
ChemistryOfFats&Oils
JojobaOil:ALiquidWax

AllimagesonthispagecopyrightW.P.Armstrong

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