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"GRDSLAB" --- CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE ANALYSIS

Program Description:

"GRDSLAB" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of concrete slabs on
grade. Specifically, a concrete slab on grade may be subjected to concentrated post or wheel loading. Then
for the given parameters, the slab flexural, bearing, and shear stresses are checked, the estimated crack width is
determined, the minimum required distribution reinforcing is determined, and the bearing stress on the dowels
at construction joints is checked. Also, design charts from the Portland Cement Association (PCA) are included
to provide an additional method for determining/checking required slab thickness for flexure. The ability to
analyze the capacity of a slab on grade subjected to continuous wall (line-type) load as well as stationary,
uniformly distributed live loads is also provided.

This program is a workbook consisting of eight (8) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name Description


Doc This documentation sheet
Slab on Grade Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Concentrated Post or Wheel Loading
PCA Fig. 3-Wheel Load PCA Figure 3 - Design Chart for Single Wheel Loads
PCA Fig. 7a-Post Load PCA Figure 7a - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 50 pci)
PCA Fig. 7b-Post Load PCA Figure 7b - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 100 pci)
PCA Fig. 7c-Post Load PCA Figure 7c - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 200 pci)
Wall Load Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Wall Load
Unif. Load Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Stationary Uniform Live Loads

Program Assumptions and Limitations:

1. This program is based on the following references:


a. "Load Testing of Instumented Pavement Sections - Improved Techniques for Appling the Finite Element
Method to Strain Predition in PCC Pavement Structures" - by University of Minnesota, Department of Civil
Engineering (submitted to MN/DOT, March 24, 2002)
b. "Principles of Pavement Design" - by E.J. Yoder and M.W. Witczak (John Wiley & Sons, 1975)
c. "Design of Concrete Structures" - by Winter, Urquhart, O'Rourke, and Nilson" - (McGraw-Hill, 1962)
d. "Dowel Bar Opimization: Phases I and II - Final Report" - by Max L. Porter (Iowa State University, 2001)
e. "Design of Slabs on Grade" - ACI 360R-92 - by American Concrete Institute (from ACI Manual of Concrete
Practice, 1999)
f. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) - by Robert G. Packard
(Portland Cement Association, 1976)
g. "Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected to Heavy Loads"
Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987)
2. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet assumes a structurally unreinforced slab, ACI-360 "Type B", reinforced only
for shrinkage and temperature. An interior load condition is assumed for flexural analysis. That is, the
concentrated post or wheel load is assumed to be well away from a "free" slab edge or corner. The original
theory and equations by H.M. Westergaard (1926) as modified by Reference (a) in item #1 above are used for
the flexual stress analysis. Some of the more significant simplifying assumptions made in the Westergaard
analysis model are as follows:
a. Slab acts as a homogenous, isotropic elastic solid in equilibrium, with no discontinuities.
b. Slab is of uniform thickness, and the neutral axis is at mid-depth.
c. All forces act normal to the surface (shear and friction forces are assumed to be negligible).
d. Deformation within the elements, normal to slab surface, are considered.
e. Shear deformation is negligible.
f. Slab is considered infinite for center loading and semi-infinite for edge loading.
g. Load at interior and corner of slab distributed uniformly of a circular contact area.
h. Full contact (support) between the slab and foundation.
3. Other basic assumptions used in the flexural analysis of the "Slab on Grade" worksheet are as follows:
a. Slab viewed as a plate on a liquid foundation with full subgrade contact (subgrade modeled as a series
of independent springs - also known as "Winkler" foundation.)
b. Modulus of subgrade reaction ("k") is used to represent the subgrade.
c. Slab is considered as unreinforced concrete beam, so that any contribution made to flexural strength by
the inclusion of distribution reinforcement is neglected.
d. Combination of flexural and direct tensile stresses will result in transverse and longitudinal cracks.
e. Supporting subbase and/or subgrade act as elastic material, regaining position after application of load.
4. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet allows the user to account for the effect of an additional post or wheel load.
The increase in stress, 'i', due to a 2nd wheel (or post) load expressed as a percentage of stress for a single
wheel (or post) load generally varies between 15% to 30% as is to be input by the user.
5. All four (4) worksheets pertaining to the PCA Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c from Reference (f) in item #1 above are
based on interior load condition and other similar assumptions used in the "Slab on Grade" worksheet.
Other assumed values used in the development of the Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c are as follows:
a. Modulus of elasticity for concrete, Ec = 4,000,000 psi.
b. Poisson's Ratio for concrete, = 0.15.
6. In the four (4) worksheets pertaining to the PCA Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c, the user must manually determine
(read) the required slab thickness from the design chart and must manually input that thickness in the
appropriate cell at the bottom of the page. An interation or two may be required, as when the slab thickness
is input, it may/may not change the effective contact area. Note: the user may unprotect the worksheet (no
password is required) and access the Drawing Toolbar (select: View, Toolbars, and Drawing) to manually
draw in (superimpose) the lines on the chart which are used to determine the required slab thickness.
7. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Interior Concentrated Post or Wheel Loading
Assuming ACI-360 "Type B" Design - Reinforced for Shrinkage and Temperature Only
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
Input Data: ###
Post Wheel ###
Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. ###
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi ###
P P
Conc. Unit Weight, wc = 150 pcf Top/Slab
Reinforcing Yield, fy = 60000 psi ###
Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values
Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Axle Loads and Support Provided k ValuesLiftRange ###
(pci)
Representative Wheel Spacings for Various tTruck Capacities
Concentrated Load, P = 12500.00 lbs.Fine-grained soils in which Contact Area, Ac ###
silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120
Contact Area, Ac = 114.00 in.^2Truck Rated Capacity (lbs.) Total Axle Load (lbs.) Wheel ###
Spacing (in.)
predominate
Factor of Safety, FS = 2.00 (Subgrade) ###
Sands and2,000sand-gravel 5,600-7,200 24-32
Data for Construction Joint Dowels for Load Transfer
Dowel Bar Dia., db = 0.750 in. mixtures with
3,000 moderate Medium
Concrete Slab on Grade
7,800-9,400 130 - 170 26-34
amounts of silt and clay
Dowel Bar Spacing, s = 12.000 in.Slab Depth4,000Dowel Dia., db 9,800-11,600
Total Dowel Length Dowel Spacing
Direction of pour
30-36
###
Sands and5,000sand-gravel 11,600-13,800 30-36
(c/c), s
Const. Joint Width, z = 0.2500 in. mixtures relatively
Lubricate this end
free Stop slab
High reinf. (As) at joint 180 -Min.220of
Slab 6" 6,000
5" - Thickness 3/4" 13,600-15,500
16" Spacing (ft.)
Joint 12" 30-36
Joint Spacing, L = 20.000 ft. of plastic fines
7" - 8" of 7,000
all Dowels 1" 15,300-18,100
1/8"-1/4"
18"x t/4 formed joint or 2" 34-37
t/312"
Cement-treated subbases Very high 250 - 400
Temperature Range,T = 50.00 deg.9" - 11" 8,000 < 3/4" Aggregate 16,700-20,400
1-1/4" >18"3/4" Aggregate 12"t/2< 34-38
Slump
4" 10,000 20,200-23,800 37-45
Increase for 2nd Wheel, i = 15 % fb1(actual) 38-40
=
5" 12,000 10 23,800-27,500 13 15
6" 15,000 12 30,000-35,300 15 fb1(actual) =
18 34-43
7" 20,000 3/4" Plain 14Dowels @ 12" 39,700-43,700 18 21 36-53
=
8" 16 20 24
Results: Note: 9" Axle loads Typical
are givenConstruction
for
18 trucks Joint
handling for
the Load
rated
23
Transfer
loads at 24 in. from
27 load center
to 10" 20 25 30 =
face of fork with mast vertical.
Check Slab Flexural Stress: (assuming unreinforced slab with interior load condition) =
Effective Load Radius, a = 6.024 in. a = SQRT(Ac/)
Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 4286826 psi Ec = 33*wc^1.5*SQRT(f 'c) Check Sla
Modulus of Rupture, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) fp(actual) =
Cracking Moment, Mr = 6.79 ft-k/ft. Mr = MR*(12*t^2/6)/12000 (per 1' = 12" width) Fp(allow) =
Poisson's Ratio, = 0.15 = 0.15 (assumed for concrete)
Radius of Stiffness, "Lr", is a measure of the
Radius of Stiffness, Lr = 36.985 in. stiffnessLof
r =the
(Ecslab
*t^3/(12*(1-^2)*k))^0.25
relative to the foundation Check Sla
Equivalent Radius, b = 5.648 b = SQRT(1.6*a^2+t^2)-0.675*t
in. (subgrade). , for a < 1.724*t
It is a linear dimension and represents bo =
1 Load: fb1(actual) = 267.58 mathematically
fb1(actual) the=4th root of the ratio of the
3*P*(1+)/(2**t^2)*(LN(Lr/b)+0.6159) fv(actual)
(Ref. 1) =
psi
stiffness of the slab to the stiffness of the
2 Loads: fb2(actual) = 307.72 fb2
psi foundation. (actual) = fb1(actual)*(1+i/100) Fv(allow) =
Fb(allow) = 318.20 psi Fb (allow) = MR/FS Fb(allow) >= fb(actual), O.K.
Shrinkage
Check Slab Bearing Stress: (assuming working stress) (Ref. 4)
fp(actual) = 109.65 psi fp(actual) = P/Ac W=
Fp(allow) = 2672.86 psi Fp(allow) = 4.2*MR Fp(allow) >= fp(actual), O.K. fs =
As =
Check Slab Punching Shear Stress: (assuming working stress) (Ref. 4)
bo = 42.708 in. bo = 4*SQRT(Ac) (assumed shear perimeter) Slab Reinf
fv(actual) = 20.91 psi fv(actual) = P/(t*(bo+4*t)) fr =
Fv(allow) = 171.83 psi Fv(allow) = 0.27*MR Fv(allow) >= fv(actual), O.K. fs =
=
Shrinkage and Temperature Reinf.: (assuming subgrade drag method) (Ref. 3)
Friction Factor, F = 1.50 F = 1.5 (assumed friction factor between subgrade and slab) As =
Slab Weight, W = 100.00 psf W = wc*(t/12)
Reinf. Allow. Stress, fs = 45000 psi fs = 0.75*fy Slab Reinf
As = 0.033 in.^2/ft. As = F*L*W/(2*fs) fr =

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Version 1.4

(continued)

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

As =

Determine Estimated Crack Width: (assuming no use of stabilized or granular subbase) Slab Reinf
Subbase friction adjustment factor, 'C', is as
Slab-base Frict. Adjust., C = 1.00 follows: C = 1.0 (assumed value for no subbase) As =
Thermal Expansion, = 0.0000055 in./in./deg
C = 0.65for= stabilized
5.5x10^(-6) (assumed thermal expansion coefficient) As =
subbase
Values
C = 0.80of Portlant
granularCement Concrete Coefficient of Shrinkage
Shrinkage Coefficient, = 0.00026 in./in. for
= 3.5x10^(-4)subbase
(assumed coefficient of shrinkage) As =
(=
C ) 1.00 for no subbase
Est. Crack Width, L = 0.1284 in.ConcreteL = C*L*12*(*T+)
Strength, Modulus of Rupture, Srinkage
Coefficient,
Check Bearing Stress on Dowels at Construction Joints with Load Transfer:
f 'c (psi) MR (psi) (in./in.) (Ref. 2)
Pt =
3000 493 0.00046
Le 3500 Le 532 0.00040 A=
4000
s
569 0.00035 Ecm =
4500 604 0.00030
5000 636 0.00026
L=
di d4 d3 d2 d1 d2 d3 d4 di As =
5500 667 0.00023
6000 697 0.00020
Note: Indirect tensile strength = Modulus of Rupture (MR) = 9*SQRT(f
0*Pc
'c)
0*Pc Determine
(1-(4-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(4-1)*s/Le)*Pc
C=
(1-(3-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(3-1)*s/Le)*Pc
=
(1-(2-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(2-1)*s/Le)*Pc
1.0*Pc =
L =
Assumed Load Transfer Distribution for Dowels at Construction Joint

Le = 36.985 in. Le = 1.0*Lr = applicable dist. each side of critical dowel Le =


Effective Dowels, Ne = 3.11 bars Ne = 1.0+2*(1-d(n-1)*s/Le) (where: n = dowel #)
Joint Load, Pt = 6250.00 lbs. Pt = Table
0.50*Pfor(assumed
Determining
loadthe
transferred
Total Number
across
of Dowel
joint) Bars Effective in Tra
Critical Dowel Load, Pc = 2011.88 lbs. Pc = Pt/Ne Dowel #
Mod. of Dowel Suppt., kc = 1500000 psi kc = 1.5x10^6 (assumed for concrete) ###
Mod. of Elasticity, Eb = 29000000 psi Eb = 29x10^6 (assumed for steel dowels) ###
Inertia/Dowel Bar, Ib = 0.0155 in.^4 Ib = *db^4/64
Relative Bar Stiffness, = 0.889 = (kc*db/(4*Eb*Ib))^(1/4) Ne =
fd(actual) = 5299.09 psi fd(actual) = kc*(Pc*(2+*z)/(4*^3*Eb*Ib)) Pt =
Fd(allow) = 5416.67 psi Fd(allow) = (4-db)/3*f 'c Fd(allow) >= fd(actual), O.K. Pc =
kc =
Eb =
References: Ib =
1. "Load Testing of Instumented Pavement Sections - Improved Techniques for Appling the Finite Element =
Method to Strain Predition in PCC Pavement Structures" - by University of Minnesota, Department fd(actual)
of Civil =
Engineering (submitted to MN/DOT, March 24, 2002) Fd(allow) =
2. "Dowel Bar Opimization: Phases I and II - Final Report" - by Max L. Porter (Iowa State University, 2001)
3. "Design of Slabs on Grade" - ACI 360R-92 - by American Concrete Institute (from ACI Manual of Concrete
Practice, 1999) Iteration #
4. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) - by Robert G. Packard ##
(Portland Cement Association, 1976) ##
##
Comments: ##
##
##
##
##
##
#
#

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE THICKNESS ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Single Wheel Loading from Vehicles with Pneumatic Tires
Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 3, page 5
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
###
###

###
Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn
Load Contact
Area, Ac (in.^2)
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
Figure 3 Design Chart for Axles with Single Wheels
###
Input Data: Ac Index:
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 3000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 3: ###
Subgrade Modulus, k = 100.00 pci Subgrade 1. Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values
Enter chart with
Type of Soil Axle LoadsSupport
slab stress =
Provided
9.86 Ac
Representative and Wheel Spacings forkVarious
Values Range (pci) C
Lift Truck
Axle Load, Pa = 25000.00 lbs.Fine-grained 2. soils
Move to right
in which to eff. contact area = 113.64 ###
Representative Axle Loads and Wheel Spacings for Various Lift Truck C
Wheel Spacing, S = 37.00 in. siltTruck
and clay-size
3. Move
Rated particles
up/down
Capacity LowTotal
(lbs.) to wheel spacing = 37 (lbs.) 50 - 120Wheel Spa
Axle Load
predominate
Tire Inflation Pressure, Ip = 110.00 psiSands Truck 4.
Rated Move to
Capacity
and sand-gravel right to
(lbs.) subgrade modulus
Total Axle = 100
Load (lbs.) Wheel Spa
2,000 5,600-7,200 24-3
Factor of Safety, FS = 2.00 5.
mixtures with Read
moderate
3,000 required slabMedium
thickness, t
7,800-9,400 130 - 170 26-3
2,000 5,600-7,200 24-3
amounts of 4,000
silt and clay 9,800-11,600 30-3
3,000
Sands and sand-gravel 7,800-9,400 26-3
5,000 11,600-13,800 30-3
Results: 4,000
mixtures relatively
6,000 free
9,800-11,600
High 13,600-15,500 180 - 220
30-3
30-3
Wheel Load, Pw = 12500.00 P5,000
w = Pa/2 (1/2 of axle load for
lbs.of plastic fines
7,000
6,000
11,600-13,800
2 wheels/axle)
15,300-18,100
13,600-15,500
30-3
34-3
30-3
Cement-treated 8,000
A7,000
c=P subbases
w/Ip Very high 16,700-20,400 250 - 400 34-3
Tire Contact Area, Ac = 113.64 in.^2 15,300-18,100 34-3
10,000 20,200-23,800 37-4
Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 113.64 in.^2 A8,000
c(eff) = determined from Figure
12,000
16,700-20,400
5, page 6
23,800-27,500
34-3
38-4
10,000 20,200-23,800 37-4
Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 492.95 psi MR
15,000
12,000= 9*SQRT(f ' c ) (Modulus of Rupture)
30,000-35,300
23,800-27,500 34-4
38-4
Concrete Working Stress, WS = 246.48 psi 20,000
WS = MR/FS
15,000 39,700-43,700
30,000-35,300 36-5
34-4
Slab Stress/1000 lb. Axle Load = 9.86 psi Note: Axle20,000
Sloads
s = WS/(P a/1000)
are given
39,700-43,700 36-5
for trucks handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa
Slab Tickness, t = 7.900 to
in. Note: Axlet = determined
loads are givenfrom Figure
for trucks 3 above
handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa
to face of fork with mast vertical.
face of fork with mast vertical.

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8,000
7,000 16,700-20,400
15,300-18,100 34-3
34-3
10,000
8,000 20,200-23,800
16,700-20,400 37-4
34-3
12,000
10,000 23,800-27,500
20,200-23,800 38-4
37-4
15,000
12,000 30,000-35,300
23,800-27,500 34-4
38-4
20,000 39,700-43,700 36-5
15,000 "GRDSLAB.xls" Program
30,000-35,300 34-4
20,000 39,700-43,700Version 36-5
Note: Axle loads are given for trucks handling the rated loads 1.4
at 24 in. from loa
to
Note: Axle loads are given for trucks handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa
to face of fork with mast vertical.
face of fork with mast vertical.

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE THICKNESS ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 50 pci)
Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7a, page 9
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
###
###

###
Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn
Load Contact
Area, Ac (in.^2)
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
Figure 7a Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 50 pci ###
###
Input Data: Ac Index:
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7a: ###
Subgrade Modulus, k = 50.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac
Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 76.34 ###
Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98
Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66
Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t
Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:
Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 76.34 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6
Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)
Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS
Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)
Slab Tickness, t = 10.800 in. t = determined from Figure 7a above

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE THICKNESS ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 100 pci)
Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7b, page 10
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
###
###

###
Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn
Load Contact
Area, Ac (in.^2)
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
Figure 7b Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 100 pci ###
###
Input Data: Ac Index:
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7b: ###
Subgrade Modulus, k = 100.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac
Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 70.03 ###
Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98
Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66
Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t
Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:
Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 70.03 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6
Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)
Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS
Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)
Slab Tickness, t = 9.800 in. t = determined from Figure 7b above

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE THICKNESS ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 200 pci)
Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7c, page 11
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
###
###

###
Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn
Load Contact
Area, Ac (in.^2)
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
Figure 7c Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 200 pci ###
###
Input Data: Ac Index:
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7c: ###
Subgrade Modulus, k = 200.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac
Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 68.02 ###
Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98
Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66
Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t
Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:
Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 68.02 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6
Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)
Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS
Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)
Slab Tickness, t = 9.200 in. t = determined from Figure 7c above

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Continuous Line Loading from Wall
###
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
Wall Wall
Input Data: ###
P P ###
Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. Dowel Top/Slab
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 4000 psi (at Joint) =
Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values
Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Support Provided Bx =
k Values Range (pci)
Wall Load, P = 800.00 Fine-grained soils in which
lb./ft. t
silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120
Pc =
predominate
(Subgrade) ###
Sands and sand-gravel
mixtures with moderate Medium Near Center or at
Concrete Slab Loaded 130 - 170
Joint
amounts of silt and clay
Sands and sand-gravel
Pe =
Wall
mixtures relatively free High 180 - 220 ###
of plastic fines
Cement-treated subbases P Very high 250 - 400
Top/Slab
Iteration #
##
t ##
##
Results: (Subgrade) ##
Concrete Slab Loaded Near Free Edge
Design Parameters: ##
Modulus of Rupture, MR = 569.21 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) ##
Allow. Bending Stress, Fb = 101.19psi Fb = 1.6*SQRT(f 'c) (as recommended in reference below) ##
Factor of Safety, FS = 5.625 FS = MR/Fb ##
Section Modulus, S = 128.00in.^3/ft. S = b*t^2/6 #
Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 3604997psi Ec = 57000*SQRT(f 'c) #
Width, b = 12.00 in. b = 12" (assumed) #
Moment of Inertia, I = 512.00in.^4 I = b*t^3/12 #
Stiffness Factor, = 0.0201 = (k*b/(4*Ec*I))^(0.25) #
Coefficient, Bx = 0.3224 Bx = coef. for beam on elastic foundation #
#
Wall Load Near Center of Slab or Keyed/Doweled Joints: #
Allowable Wall Load, Pc = 1040.30 lb./ft. Pc = 4*Fb*S* #
= 12.8*SQRT(f 'c)*t^2*(k/(19000*SQRT(f 'c)*t^3))^(0.25) #
Pc(allow) >= P, O.K. #
Wall Load Near Free Edge of Slab: #
Allowable Wall Load, Pe = 806.68 lb./ft. Pe = Fb*S*/Bx #
= 9.9256*SQRT(f 'c)*t^2*(k/(19000*SQRT(f 'c)*t^3))^(0.25) #
Reference: Pe(allow) >= P, O.K. #
"Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected to Heavy Loads" #
Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987) #
#
Comments: #
#
#
#

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.4

CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE ANALYSIS


For Slab Subjected to Stationary Uniformly Distributed Live Loads
###
Job Name: Subject: ###
Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###
###
###
Input Data: ###
*Aisle Width ###
Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. wLL wLL wLL(allow) =
Concrete Strength, f 'c = 4000 psi Top/Slab
Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values
Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Support Provided k Values Range (pci)
Factor of Safety, FS = 2.000 Fine-grained soils in which
silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120t
Uniform Live Load, wLL = 1000.00 psf
predominate
Sands and sand-gravel
mixtures with moderate (Subgrade)
Medium 130 - 170
amounts of silt and clay
Concrete
Sands and sand-gravel
Slab on Grade with Uniform Loads
mixtures relatively free High 180 - 220
of plastic finesin an unjointed aisleway between uniformly distributed load areas,
*Note:
Cement-treated subbases Very high 250 - 400
negative bending moment in slab may be up to twice as great Iteration
as #
positive moment in slab beneath loaded area. Allowable uniform ##
load determined below is based on critical aisle width and as a ##
result, there are no restrictions on load layout configuration or ##
uniformity of loading. ##
Results: ##
##
Design Parameters: ##
Modulus of Rupture, MR = 569.21 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) ##
Allow. Bending Stress, Fb = 284.60 psi Fb = MR/FS ##
Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 3604997 Ec = 57000*SQRT(f 'c) #
Poisson's Ratio, = 0.15 = 0.15 (assumed for concrete) #
Radius of Stiffness, "Lr", is a measure of the
Radius of Stiffness, Lr = 35.42 in. stiffnessLrof=the
(Ec*t^3/(12*(1-^2)*k))^0.25 #
For a given slabslab relative
thickness to subgrade
and the foundation
strength there
Critical Aisle Width, Wcr = 6.52 Wcr
ft. (subgrade). = is(2.209*Lr)/12
It
is a critical aisle a linear
width fordimension
which the and
slabrepresents
stress in the #
mathematically
aisleway is maximum. the 4thTherootcritical
of the aisle
ratio width
of the exists #
stiffness
when the ofmaximum
the slab to the stiffness
bending moment of the
in the aisle due
Stationary Uniformly Distributed Live Loads:
foundation. #
to a allowable
The load on one side of the
uniformly aisle coincides
distributed with the
live loading,
wLL(allow) = 1093.32 psf "wLL",
point ofiswLL
based(allow)
maximum = 257.876*Fb*SQRT(k*t/Ec)
moment
on the most due to the
critical load
aisle on the
width #
other side of
condition. the aisle.
Using this criteria, there wLL(allow)
This doubles theno
are negative >= wLL,
restrictions O.K. #
bending
on the load moment
layout(tension in top or
configuration of the
slab) at the aisle
uniformity of
centerline.
#
the loading.For aisleup
Loads widths
to thisother than the
calculated critial aisle
maximum
Reference: width,
may bethe bending
placed moments in
nonuniformly due
anyto configuration
the loads on eachand #
sideto
1. "Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected of Heavy
changed the aisle
during are service
Loads"
the not maximum.
life of the floor. #
Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987) #
2. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) #
by Robert G. Packard (Portland Cement Association, 1976) #
#
Comments: #
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

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