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Program Description:

"GRDSLAB" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of concrete slabs on

grade. Specifically, a concrete slab on grade may be subjected to concentrated post or wheel loading. Then

for the given parameters, the slab flexural, bearing, and shear stresses are checked, the estimated crack width is

determined, the minimum required distribution reinforcing is determined, and the bearing stress on the dowels

at construction joints is checked. Also, design charts from the Portland Cement Association (PCA) are included

to provide an additional method for determining/checking required slab thickness for flexure. The ability to

analyze the capacity of a slab on grade subjected to continuous wall (line-type) load as well as stationary,

uniformly distributed live loads is also provided.

Doc This documentation sheet

Slab on Grade Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Concentrated Post or Wheel Loading

PCA Fig. 3-Wheel Load PCA Figure 3 - Design Chart for Single Wheel Loads

PCA Fig. 7a-Post Load PCA Figure 7a - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 50 pci)

PCA Fig. 7b-Post Load PCA Figure 7b - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 100 pci)

PCA Fig. 7c-Post Load PCA Figure 7c - Design Chart for Post Loads (k = 200 pci)

Wall Load Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Wall Load

Unif. Load Concrete Slab on Grade Analysis for Stationary Uniform Live Loads

a. "Load Testing of Instumented Pavement Sections - Improved Techniques for Appling the Finite Element

Method to Strain Predition in PCC Pavement Structures" - by University of Minnesota, Department of Civil

Engineering (submitted to MN/DOT, March 24, 2002)

b. "Principles of Pavement Design" - by E.J. Yoder and M.W. Witczak (John Wiley & Sons, 1975)

c. "Design of Concrete Structures" - by Winter, Urquhart, O'Rourke, and Nilson" - (McGraw-Hill, 1962)

d. "Dowel Bar Opimization: Phases I and II - Final Report" - by Max L. Porter (Iowa State University, 2001)

e. "Design of Slabs on Grade" - ACI 360R-92 - by American Concrete Institute (from ACI Manual of Concrete

Practice, 1999)

f. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) - by Robert G. Packard

(Portland Cement Association, 1976)

g. "Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected to Heavy Loads"

Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987)

2. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet assumes a structurally unreinforced slab, ACI-360 "Type B", reinforced only

for shrinkage and temperature. An interior load condition is assumed for flexural analysis. That is, the

concentrated post or wheel load is assumed to be well away from a "free" slab edge or corner. The original

theory and equations by H.M. Westergaard (1926) as modified by Reference (a) in item #1 above are used for

the flexual stress analysis. Some of the more significant simplifying assumptions made in the Westergaard

analysis model are as follows:

a. Slab acts as a homogenous, isotropic elastic solid in equilibrium, with no discontinuities.

b. Slab is of uniform thickness, and the neutral axis is at mid-depth.

c. All forces act normal to the surface (shear and friction forces are assumed to be negligible).

d. Deformation within the elements, normal to slab surface, are considered.

e. Shear deformation is negligible.

f. Slab is considered infinite for center loading and semi-infinite for edge loading.

g. Load at interior and corner of slab distributed uniformly of a circular contact area.

h. Full contact (support) between the slab and foundation.

3. Other basic assumptions used in the flexural analysis of the "Slab on Grade" worksheet are as follows:

a. Slab viewed as a plate on a liquid foundation with full subgrade contact (subgrade modeled as a series

of independent springs - also known as "Winkler" foundation.)

b. Modulus of subgrade reaction ("k") is used to represent the subgrade.

c. Slab is considered as unreinforced concrete beam, so that any contribution made to flexural strength by

the inclusion of distribution reinforcement is neglected.

d. Combination of flexural and direct tensile stresses will result in transverse and longitudinal cracks.

e. Supporting subbase and/or subgrade act as elastic material, regaining position after application of load.

4. The "Slab on Grade" worksheet allows the user to account for the effect of an additional post or wheel load.

The increase in stress, 'i', due to a 2nd wheel (or post) load expressed as a percentage of stress for a single

wheel (or post) load generally varies between 15% to 30% as is to be input by the user.

5. All four (4) worksheets pertaining to the PCA Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c from Reference (f) in item #1 above are

based on interior load condition and other similar assumptions used in the "Slab on Grade" worksheet.

Other assumed values used in the development of the Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c are as follows:

a. Modulus of elasticity for concrete, Ec = 4,000,000 psi.

b. Poisson's Ratio for concrete, = 0.15.

6. In the four (4) worksheets pertaining to the PCA Figures 3, 7a, 7b, and 7c, the user must manually determine

(read) the required slab thickness from the design chart and must manually input that thickness in the

appropriate cell at the bottom of the page. An interation or two may be required, as when the slab thickness

is input, it may/may not change the effective contact area. Note: the user may unprotect the worksheet (no

password is required) and access the Drawing Toolbar (select: View, Toolbars, and Drawing) to manually

draw in (superimpose) the lines on the chart which are used to determine the required slab thickness.

7. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including

explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box

is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the

desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

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"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Interior Concentrated Post or Wheel Loading

Assuming ACI-360 "Type B" Design - Reinforced for Shrinkage and Temperature Only

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

Input Data: ###

Post Wheel ###

Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. ###

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi ###

P P

Conc. Unit Weight, wc = 150 pcf Top/Slab

Reinforcing Yield, fy = 60000 psi ###

Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values

Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Axle Loads and Support Provided k ValuesLiftRange ###

(pci)

Representative Wheel Spacings for Various tTruck Capacities

Concentrated Load, P = 12500.00 lbs.Fine-grained soils in which Contact Area, Ac ###

silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120

Contact Area, Ac = 114.00 in.^2Truck Rated Capacity (lbs.) Total Axle Load (lbs.) Wheel ###

Spacing (in.)

predominate

Factor of Safety, FS = 2.00 (Subgrade) ###

Sands and2,000sand-gravel 5,600-7,200 24-32

Data for Construction Joint Dowels for Load Transfer

Dowel Bar Dia., db = 0.750 in. mixtures with

3,000 moderate Medium

Concrete Slab on Grade

7,800-9,400 130 - 170 26-34

amounts of silt and clay

Dowel Bar Spacing, s = 12.000 in.Slab Depth4,000Dowel Dia., db 9,800-11,600

Total Dowel Length Dowel Spacing

Direction of pour

30-36

###

Sands and5,000sand-gravel 11,600-13,800 30-36

(c/c), s

Const. Joint Width, z = 0.2500 in. mixtures relatively

Lubricate this end

free Stop slab

High reinf. (As) at joint 180 -Min.220of

Slab 6" 6,000

5" - Thickness 3/4" 13,600-15,500

16" Spacing (ft.)

Joint 12" 30-36

Joint Spacing, L = 20.000 ft. of plastic fines

7" - 8" of 7,000

all Dowels 1" 15,300-18,100

1/8"-1/4"

18"x t/4 formed joint or 2" 34-37

t/312"

Cement-treated subbases Very high 250 - 400

Temperature Range,T = 50.00 deg.9" - 11" 8,000 < 3/4" Aggregate 16,700-20,400

1-1/4" >18"3/4" Aggregate 12"t/2< 34-38

Slump

4" 10,000 20,200-23,800 37-45

Increase for 2nd Wheel, i = 15 % fb1(actual) 38-40

=

5" 12,000 10 23,800-27,500 13 15

6" 15,000 12 30,000-35,300 15 fb1(actual) =

18 34-43

7" 20,000 3/4" Plain 14Dowels @ 12" 39,700-43,700 18 21 36-53

=

8" 16 20 24

Results: Note: 9" Axle loads Typical

are givenConstruction

for

18 trucks Joint

handling for

the Load

rated

23

Transfer

loads at 24 in. from

27 load center

to 10" 20 25 30 =

face of fork with mast vertical.

Check Slab Flexural Stress: (assuming unreinforced slab with interior load condition) =

Effective Load Radius, a = 6.024 in. a = SQRT(Ac/)

Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 4286826 psi Ec = 33*wc^1.5*SQRT(f 'c) Check Sla

Modulus of Rupture, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) fp(actual) =

Cracking Moment, Mr = 6.79 ft-k/ft. Mr = MR*(12*t^2/6)/12000 (per 1' = 12" width) Fp(allow) =

Poisson's Ratio, = 0.15 = 0.15 (assumed for concrete)

Radius of Stiffness, "Lr", is a measure of the

Radius of Stiffness, Lr = 36.985 in. stiffnessLof

r =the

(Ecslab

*t^3/(12*(1-^2)*k))^0.25

relative to the foundation Check Sla

Equivalent Radius, b = 5.648 b = SQRT(1.6*a^2+t^2)-0.675*t

in. (subgrade). , for a < 1.724*t

It is a linear dimension and represents bo =

1 Load: fb1(actual) = 267.58 mathematically

fb1(actual) the=4th root of the ratio of the

3*P*(1+)/(2**t^2)*(LN(Lr/b)+0.6159) fv(actual)

(Ref. 1) =

psi

stiffness of the slab to the stiffness of the

2 Loads: fb2(actual) = 307.72 fb2

psi foundation. (actual) = fb1(actual)*(1+i/100) Fv(allow) =

Fb(allow) = 318.20 psi Fb (allow) = MR/FS Fb(allow) >= fb(actual), O.K.

Shrinkage

Check Slab Bearing Stress: (assuming working stress) (Ref. 4)

fp(actual) = 109.65 psi fp(actual) = P/Ac W=

Fp(allow) = 2672.86 psi Fp(allow) = 4.2*MR Fp(allow) >= fp(actual), O.K. fs =

As =

Check Slab Punching Shear Stress: (assuming working stress) (Ref. 4)

bo = 42.708 in. bo = 4*SQRT(Ac) (assumed shear perimeter) Slab Reinf

fv(actual) = 20.91 psi fv(actual) = P/(t*(bo+4*t)) fr =

Fv(allow) = 171.83 psi Fv(allow) = 0.27*MR Fv(allow) >= fv(actual), O.K. fs =

=

Shrinkage and Temperature Reinf.: (assuming subgrade drag method) (Ref. 3)

Friction Factor, F = 1.50 F = 1.5 (assumed friction factor between subgrade and slab) As =

Slab Weight, W = 100.00 psf W = wc*(t/12)

Reinf. Allow. Stress, fs = 45000 psi fs = 0.75*fy Slab Reinf

As = 0.033 in.^2/ft. As = F*L*W/(2*fs) fr =

8 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:34

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

(continued)

9 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:34

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

As =

Determine Estimated Crack Width: (assuming no use of stabilized or granular subbase) Slab Reinf

Subbase friction adjustment factor, 'C', is as

Slab-base Frict. Adjust., C = 1.00 follows: C = 1.0 (assumed value for no subbase) As =

Thermal Expansion, = 0.0000055 in./in./deg

C = 0.65for= stabilized

5.5x10^(-6) (assumed thermal expansion coefficient) As =

subbase

Values

C = 0.80of Portlant

granularCement Concrete Coefficient of Shrinkage

Shrinkage Coefficient, = 0.00026 in./in. for

= 3.5x10^(-4)subbase

(assumed coefficient of shrinkage) As =

(=

C ) 1.00 for no subbase

Est. Crack Width, L = 0.1284 in.ConcreteL = C*L*12*(*T+)

Strength, Modulus of Rupture, Srinkage

Coefficient,

Check Bearing Stress on Dowels at Construction Joints with Load Transfer:

f 'c (psi) MR (psi) (in./in.) (Ref. 2)

Pt =

3000 493 0.00046

Le 3500 Le 532 0.00040 A=

4000

s

569 0.00035 Ecm =

4500 604 0.00030

5000 636 0.00026

L=

di d4 d3 d2 d1 d2 d3 d4 di As =

5500 667 0.00023

6000 697 0.00020

Note: Indirect tensile strength = Modulus of Rupture (MR) = 9*SQRT(f

0*Pc

'c)

0*Pc Determine

(1-(4-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(4-1)*s/Le)*Pc

C=

(1-(3-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(3-1)*s/Le)*Pc

=

(1-(2-1)*s/Le)*Pc (1-(2-1)*s/Le)*Pc

1.0*Pc =

L =

Assumed Load Transfer Distribution for Dowels at Construction Joint

Effective Dowels, Ne = 3.11 bars Ne = 1.0+2*(1-d(n-1)*s/Le) (where: n = dowel #)

Joint Load, Pt = 6250.00 lbs. Pt = Table

0.50*Pfor(assumed

Determining

loadthe

transferred

Total Number

across

of Dowel

joint) Bars Effective in Tra

Critical Dowel Load, Pc = 2011.88 lbs. Pc = Pt/Ne Dowel #

Mod. of Dowel Suppt., kc = 1500000 psi kc = 1.5x10^6 (assumed for concrete) ###

Mod. of Elasticity, Eb = 29000000 psi Eb = 29x10^6 (assumed for steel dowels) ###

Inertia/Dowel Bar, Ib = 0.0155 in.^4 Ib = *db^4/64

Relative Bar Stiffness, = 0.889 = (kc*db/(4*Eb*Ib))^(1/4) Ne =

fd(actual) = 5299.09 psi fd(actual) = kc*(Pc*(2+*z)/(4*^3*Eb*Ib)) Pt =

Fd(allow) = 5416.67 psi Fd(allow) = (4-db)/3*f 'c Fd(allow) >= fd(actual), O.K. Pc =

kc =

Eb =

References: Ib =

1. "Load Testing of Instumented Pavement Sections - Improved Techniques for Appling the Finite Element =

Method to Strain Predition in PCC Pavement Structures" - by University of Minnesota, Department fd(actual)

of Civil =

Engineering (submitted to MN/DOT, March 24, 2002) Fd(allow) =

2. "Dowel Bar Opimization: Phases I and II - Final Report" - by Max L. Porter (Iowa State University, 2001)

3. "Design of Slabs on Grade" - ACI 360R-92 - by American Concrete Institute (from ACI Manual of Concrete

Practice, 1999) Iteration #

4. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) - by Robert G. Packard ##

(Portland Cement Association, 1976) ##

##

Comments: ##

##

##

##

##

##

#

#

10 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:34

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

11 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:34

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Single Wheel Loading from Vehicles with Pneumatic Tires

Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 3, page 5

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

###

###

###

Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn

Load Contact

Area, Ac (in.^2)

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

Figure 3 Design Chart for Axles with Single Wheels

###

Input Data: Ac Index:

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 3000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 3: ###

Subgrade Modulus, k = 100.00 pci Subgrade 1. Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values

Enter chart with

Type of Soil Axle LoadsSupport

slab stress =

Provided

9.86 Ac

Representative and Wheel Spacings forkVarious

Values Range (pci) C

Lift Truck

Axle Load, Pa = 25000.00 lbs.Fine-grained 2. soils

Move to right

in which to eff. contact area = 113.64 ###

Representative Axle Loads and Wheel Spacings for Various Lift Truck C

Wheel Spacing, S = 37.00 in. siltTruck

and clay-size

3. Move

Rated particles

up/down

Capacity LowTotal

(lbs.) to wheel spacing = 37 (lbs.) 50 - 120Wheel Spa

Axle Load

predominate

Tire Inflation Pressure, Ip = 110.00 psiSands Truck 4.

Rated Move to

Capacity

and sand-gravel right to

(lbs.) subgrade modulus

Total Axle = 100

Load (lbs.) Wheel Spa

2,000 5,600-7,200 24-3

Factor of Safety, FS = 2.00 5.

mixtures with Read

moderate

3,000 required slabMedium

thickness, t

7,800-9,400 130 - 170 26-3

2,000 5,600-7,200 24-3

amounts of 4,000

silt and clay 9,800-11,600 30-3

3,000

Sands and sand-gravel 7,800-9,400 26-3

5,000 11,600-13,800 30-3

Results: 4,000

mixtures relatively

6,000 free

9,800-11,600

High 13,600-15,500 180 - 220

30-3

30-3

Wheel Load, Pw = 12500.00 P5,000

w = Pa/2 (1/2 of axle load for

lbs.of plastic fines

7,000

6,000

11,600-13,800

2 wheels/axle)

15,300-18,100

13,600-15,500

30-3

34-3

30-3

Cement-treated 8,000

A7,000

c=P subbases

w/Ip Very high 16,700-20,400 250 - 400 34-3

Tire Contact Area, Ac = 113.64 in.^2 15,300-18,100 34-3

10,000 20,200-23,800 37-4

Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 113.64 in.^2 A8,000

c(eff) = determined from Figure

12,000

16,700-20,400

5, page 6

23,800-27,500

34-3

38-4

10,000 20,200-23,800 37-4

Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 492.95 psi MR

15,000

12,000= 9*SQRT(f ' c ) (Modulus of Rupture)

30,000-35,300

23,800-27,500 34-4

38-4

Concrete Working Stress, WS = 246.48 psi 20,000

WS = MR/FS

15,000 39,700-43,700

30,000-35,300 36-5

34-4

Slab Stress/1000 lb. Axle Load = 9.86 psi Note: Axle20,000

Sloads

s = WS/(P a/1000)

are given

39,700-43,700 36-5

for trucks handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa

Slab Tickness, t = 7.900 to

in. Note: Axlet = determined

loads are givenfrom Figure

for trucks 3 above

handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa

to face of fork with mast vertical.

face of fork with mast vertical.

12 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:34

8,000

7,000 16,700-20,400

15,300-18,100 34-3

34-3

10,000

8,000 20,200-23,800

16,700-20,400 37-4

34-3

12,000

10,000 23,800-27,500

20,200-23,800 38-4

37-4

15,000

12,000 30,000-35,300

23,800-27,500 34-4

38-4

20,000 39,700-43,700 36-5

15,000 "GRDSLAB.xls" Program

30,000-35,300 34-4

20,000 39,700-43,700Version 36-5

Note: Axle loads are given for trucks handling the rated loads 1.4

at 24 in. from loa

to

Note: Axle loads are given for trucks handling the rated loads at 24 in. from loa

to face of fork with mast vertical.

face of fork with mast vertical.

13 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:35

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 50 pci)

Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7a, page 9

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

###

###

###

Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn

Load Contact

Area, Ac (in.^2)

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

Figure 7a Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 50 pci ###

###

Input Data: Ac Index:

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7a: ###

Subgrade Modulus, k = 50.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac

Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 76.34 ###

Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98

Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66

Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t

Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:

Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 76.34 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6

Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)

Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS

Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)

Slab Tickness, t = 10.800 in. t = determined from Figure 7a above

14 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:35

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

15 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:36

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 100 pci)

Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7b, page 10

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

###

###

###

Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn

Load Contact

Area, Ac (in.^2)

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

Figure 7b Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 100 pci ###

###

Input Data: Ac Index:

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7b: ###

Subgrade Modulus, k = 100.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac

Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 70.03 ###

Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98

Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66

Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t

Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:

Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 70.03 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6

Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)

Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS

Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)

Slab Tickness, t = 9.800 in. t = determined from Figure 7b above

16 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:36

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

17 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:36

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Concentrated Post Loading (for k = 200 pci)

Per PCA "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" - Figure 7c, page 11

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

###

###

###

Effective Load Contact Area Based on Slab Thickn

Load Contact

Area, Ac (in.^2)

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

Figure 7c Design Chart for Post Loads, subgrade k = 200 pci ###

###

Input Data: Ac Index:

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 5000 psi Instructions for Use of Figure 7c: ###

Subgrade Modulus, k = 200.00 pci 1. Enter chart with slab stress = 16.32 Ac

Post Load, P = 13000.00 lbs. 2. Move to right to eff. contact area = 68.02 ###

Post Spacing, y = 98.00 in. 3. Move to right to post spacing, y = 98

Post Spacing, x = 66.00 in. 4. Move up/down to post spacing, x = 66

Load Contact Area, Ac = 64.00 in.^2 5. Move to right to slab thickness, t

Factor of Safety, FS = 3.00

Results:

Effective Contact Area, Ac(eff) = 68.02 in.^2 Ac(eff) = determined from Figure 5, page 6

Concrete Flexual Strength, MR = 636.40 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) (Modulus of Rupture)

Concrete Working Stress, WS = 212.13 psi WS = MR/FS

Slab Stress/1000 lb. Post Load = 16.32 psi Ss = WS/(P/1000)

Slab Tickness, t = 9.200 in. t = determined from Figure 7c above

18 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:36

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

19 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:37

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Continuous Line Loading from Wall

###

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

Wall Wall

Input Data: ###

P P ###

Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. Dowel Top/Slab

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 4000 psi (at Joint) =

Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values

Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Support Provided Bx =

k Values Range (pci)

Wall Load, P = 800.00 Fine-grained soils in which

lb./ft. t

silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120

Pc =

predominate

(Subgrade) ###

Sands and sand-gravel

mixtures with moderate Medium Near Center or at

Concrete Slab Loaded 130 - 170

Joint

amounts of silt and clay

Sands and sand-gravel

Pe =

Wall

mixtures relatively free High 180 - 220 ###

of plastic fines

Cement-treated subbases P Very high 250 - 400

Top/Slab

Iteration #

##

t ##

##

Results: (Subgrade) ##

Concrete Slab Loaded Near Free Edge

Design Parameters: ##

Modulus of Rupture, MR = 569.21 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) ##

Allow. Bending Stress, Fb = 101.19psi Fb = 1.6*SQRT(f 'c) (as recommended in reference below) ##

Factor of Safety, FS = 5.625 FS = MR/Fb ##

Section Modulus, S = 128.00in.^3/ft. S = b*t^2/6 #

Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 3604997psi Ec = 57000*SQRT(f 'c) #

Width, b = 12.00 in. b = 12" (assumed) #

Moment of Inertia, I = 512.00in.^4 I = b*t^3/12 #

Stiffness Factor, = 0.0201 = (k*b/(4*Ec*I))^(0.25) #

Coefficient, Bx = 0.3224 Bx = coef. for beam on elastic foundation #

#

Wall Load Near Center of Slab or Keyed/Doweled Joints: #

Allowable Wall Load, Pc = 1040.30 lb./ft. Pc = 4*Fb*S* #

= 12.8*SQRT(f 'c)*t^2*(k/(19000*SQRT(f 'c)*t^3))^(0.25) #

Pc(allow) >= P, O.K. #

Wall Load Near Free Edge of Slab: #

Allowable Wall Load, Pe = 806.68 lb./ft. Pe = Fb*S*/Bx #

= 9.9256*SQRT(f 'c)*t^2*(k/(19000*SQRT(f 'c)*t^3))^(0.25) #

Reference: Pe(allow) >= P, O.K. #

"Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected to Heavy Loads" #

Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987) #

#

Comments: #

#

#

#

20 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:37

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

21 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:37

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

For Slab Subjected to Stationary Uniformly Distributed Live Loads

###

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

###

Input Data: ###

*Aisle Width ###

Slab Thickness, t = 8.000 in. wLL wLL wLL(allow) =

Concrete Strength, f 'c = 4000 psi Top/Slab

Subgrade Soil Types and Approximate Subgrade Modulus (k) Values

Subgrade Modulus, k = 100 pci Type of Soil Support Provided k Values Range (pci)

Factor of Safety, FS = 2.000 Fine-grained soils in which

silt and clay-size particles Low 50 - 120t

Uniform Live Load, wLL = 1000.00 psf

predominate

Sands and sand-gravel

mixtures with moderate (Subgrade)

Medium 130 - 170

amounts of silt and clay

Concrete

Sands and sand-gravel

Slab on Grade with Uniform Loads

mixtures relatively free High 180 - 220

of plastic finesin an unjointed aisleway between uniformly distributed load areas,

*Note:

Cement-treated subbases Very high 250 - 400

negative bending moment in slab may be up to twice as great Iteration

as #

positive moment in slab beneath loaded area. Allowable uniform ##

load determined below is based on critical aisle width and as a ##

result, there are no restrictions on load layout configuration or ##

uniformity of loading. ##

Results: ##

##

Design Parameters: ##

Modulus of Rupture, MR = 569.21 psi MR = 9*SQRT(f 'c) ##

Allow. Bending Stress, Fb = 284.60 psi Fb = MR/FS ##

Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 3604997 Ec = 57000*SQRT(f 'c) #

Poisson's Ratio, = 0.15 = 0.15 (assumed for concrete) #

Radius of Stiffness, "Lr", is a measure of the

Radius of Stiffness, Lr = 35.42 in. stiffnessLrof=the

(Ec*t^3/(12*(1-^2)*k))^0.25 #

For a given slabslab relative

thickness to subgrade

and the foundation

strength there

Critical Aisle Width, Wcr = 6.52 Wcr

ft. (subgrade). = is(2.209*Lr)/12

It

is a critical aisle a linear

width fordimension

which the and

slabrepresents

stress in the #

mathematically

aisleway is maximum. the 4thTherootcritical

of the aisle

ratio width

of the exists #

stiffness

when the ofmaximum

the slab to the stiffness

bending moment of the

in the aisle due

Stationary Uniformly Distributed Live Loads:

foundation. #

to a allowable

The load on one side of the

uniformly aisle coincides

distributed with the

live loading,

wLL(allow) = 1093.32 psf "wLL",

point ofiswLL

based(allow)

maximum = 257.876*Fb*SQRT(k*t/Ec)

moment

on the most due to the

critical load

aisle on the

width #

other side of

condition. the aisle.

Using this criteria, there wLL(allow)

This doubles theno

are negative >= wLL,

restrictions O.K. #

bending

on the load moment

layout(tension in top or

configuration of the

slab) at the aisle

uniformity of

centerline.

#

the loading.For aisleup

Loads widths

to thisother than the

calculated critial aisle

maximum

Reference: width,

may bethe bending

placed moments in

nonuniformly due

anyto configuration

the loads on eachand #

sideto

1. "Concrete Floor Slabs on Grade Subjected of Heavy

changed the aisle

during are service

Loads"

the not maximum.

life of the floor. #

Army Technical Manual TM 5-809-12, Air Force Manual AFM 88-3, Chapter 15 (1987) #

2. "Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade" (IS195.01D) #

by Robert G. Packard (Portland Cement Association, 1976) #

#

Comments: #

#

#

#

#

#

#

#

22 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:37

"GRDSLAB.xls" Program

Version 1.4

23 of 23 05/01/2017 18:20:37

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